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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Zydus Cadila’s new 2-phenyl-5-heterocyclyl-tetrahydro-2h-pyran-3-amine compounds in pipeline for diabetes type 2


List of compounds as DPP-IV inhibitors

Figure imgf000015_0001
Figure imgf000083_0001

Watch out on this post as I get to correct structure………..GlitterGlitterGlitterGlitter

2-phenyl-5-heterocyclyl-tetrahydro-2h-pyran-3-amine compounds

Figure imgf000038_0002

 

One Example of 2-phenyl-5-heterocyclyl-tetrahydro-2h-pyran-3-amine compounds

CAS  1601479-87-1

(2R, 3S, 5R)-2-(2, 5-difluorophenyl)-5-(5-(methylsulfonyl)-5, 6- dihydropyrrolo [ 3, 4-c]pyrrol-2(lH, 3H, 4H)-yl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-amine

(2R,3S,5R)-2-(2,5-Difluorophenyl)-5-[5-(methylsulfonyl)-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl]tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-amine

MW 399.45, C18 H23 F2 N3 O3 S

INTRODUCTION

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV , CD26; DPP-IV; DP-IV inhibitors acting as glucose lowering agents reported to be useful for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.  compound inhibited human DPP-IV enzyme activity (IC50 < 10 nM) in fluorescence based assays.

It lowered glucose levels (with -49.10% glucose change) when administered to C57BL/6J mice at 0.3 mg/kg p.o. in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).

Compound displayed the following pharmacokinetic parameters in Wistar rats at 2 mg/kg p.o.: Cmax = 459.04 ng/ml, t1/2 = 59.48 h and AUC = 4751.59 h·ng/ml.

Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-IV) inhibitor that inhibited human DPP-IV enzyme activity with an IC50 of < 10 nM in a fluorescence based assay.

Watch out on this post as I get to correct structure………..GlitterGlitterGlitterGlitter

 

 

 

 

 

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2014061031A1?cl=en

Compound 8: (2R, 3S, 5R)-2-(2, 5-difluorophenyl)-5-(5-(methylsulfonyl)-5, 6- dihydropyrrolo [ 3, 4-c]pyrrol-2(lH, 3H, 4H)-yl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-amine

Figure imgf000038_0002

1H NMR: (CD3OD, 400 MHz): 7.32-7.28 (m, IH), 7.26-7.23 (m, 2H), 4.77 (d, IH, J= 10Hz), 4.32(dd, IH, J,= 2.0Hz, J2= 10.8Hz), 4.19 (s, 4H), 3.89-3.83 (m, 4H), 3.70- 3.65 (m, IH), 3.61 (t, IH, J= 11.6Hz), 3.53-3.46 (m, IH), 3.04 (s, 3H), 2.65-2.62 (dd, IH, Ji= 1.2Hz, J2= 12Hz), 1.84 (q, IH, J = 12 Hz); ESI-MS: (+ve mode) 400.0 (M+H)+ (100 %); HPLC: 99.4 %.

Compound 4: (2R, 3S, 5R)-2-(2, 5-difluorophenyl)-5-(hexahydropyrrolo[3, 4-c Jpyrrol- 2(lH)-yl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-amine

1H NMR: (CD3OD, 400 MHz):

.23-7.20 (m, 2H), 4.64 (d, IH, J= 10.4 Hz), 4.38-4.35 (dd, IH, J,= 2.4Hz, J2= 10.4Hz), 3.69 (t, IH, J= 11Hz), 3.57-3.53 (m, 4H), 3.34-3.30 (m, 8H), 2.68-2.65 (m, IH), 2.04 (q, IH, J = 1 1.6 Hz); ESI-MS: (+ve mode) 323.9 (M+H)+ (100 %), 345.9 (M+Na)+ (20%); HPLC: 98.6 %

 

 

PATENT

IN 2012MU03030

“NOVEL DPP-IV INHIBITORS”

3030/MUM/2012

Abstract:
The present invention relates to novel compounds of the general formula (I) their tautomeric forms, their enantiomers, their diastereoisomers, their pharmaceutically accepted salts, or pro-drugs thereof, which are useful for the treatment or prevention of diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity and other metabolic disorders. The invention also relates to process for the manufacture of said compounds, and pharmaceutical compositions containing them and their use.

 

Pankaj R. Patel (right), Chairman and Managing Director,

////////////2-phenyl-5-heterocyclyl-tetrahydro-2h-pyran-3-amine compounds, DPP-IV inhibitors

ZYD 1/ZYDPLA 1 From Zydus Cadila, a New NCE in Gliptin class of Antidiabetic agents.


Figure imgf000004_0001

GENERAL STRUCTURE

zydk 1

 

3-​[4-​(5-​methyl-​1,​3,​4-​oxadiazol-​2-​yl)​phenoxy]​-​5-​[[(3R)​-​1-​methyl-​2-​oxo-​3-​pyrrolidinyl]​oxy]​-​N-​2-​thiazolyl- Benzamide

3-(4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-(l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yloxy)-iV-(thiazol-2-yl)benzainide

(S)-3-(4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yI)phenoxy)-5-((l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl) oxy)-N-(thiazol-2-yl)benzamide……S CONF…..WO2011013141A2

(Λ)-3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl) oxy)-Λ’-(thiazol-2-yl)benzamide…..R CONF…..WO2011013141A2

CAS 1263402-84-1  R CONF

CAS 1263402-76-1  S CONF

ZYD 1/ZYDPLA 1……….Probable Representative structure only, I will modify it as per available info

Watch out on this post as I get to correct structure………..GlitterGlitterGlitterGlitter

 

Cadila Healthcare Limited

ZYDPLA1 is an orally active, small molecule NCE, discovered and developed by the Zydus Research Centre, the NCE research wing of Zydus. ZYDPLA1 is a novel compound in the Gliptin class of antidiabetic agents. It works by blocking the enzyme Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which inactivates the Incretin hormone GLP-1.

By increasing the GLP-1 levels, ZYDPLA1 glucose-dependently increases insulin secretion and lowers glucagon secretion. This results in an overall improvement in the glucose homoeostasis, including reduction in HbA1c and blood sugar levels.

In October 2013, Zydus received IND approval from the US FDA to initiate a phase I trial in type II diabetes

Clinical trials..Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

NCT01972893; ZYD1/1001;

CTRI/2011/04/001684;

ZYD1

ZYD1/1001

ZYD1 is a novel GLP-1 receptor agonist. The ZYD1 exhibits increased stability to proteolytic cleavage, especially against dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-IV).ZYD1 is a potent antidiabetic agent without gastrointestinal side-effects. A first in human (FIH) Phase I study intends to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ZYD1 in normal healthy adult volunteers……..https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01972893

A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled Phase I clinical study to evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of ZYD1, a selective GLP-1 agonist, following the subcutaneous administrations in healthy volunteers …………http://www.ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials/pdf_generate.php?trialid=2263&EncHid=&modid=&compid=%27,%272263det%27

Some clippings I found

zy2

ONE MORE……………

zy3

 

Zydus announces data presentations on ZYDPLA1 “A once-weekly small molecule DPP-IV inhibitor for treating diabetes”, at the ENDO conference in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Ahmedabad, India June 9, 2014 The Zydus group will be presenting data on its molecule ZYDPLA1 a novel compound in the Gliptin class of anti-diabetic agents during the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 to be held from June 21-24, 2014 in Chicago, Illinois.

ZYDPLA1, currently in Phase I clinical evaluation in USA, is an orally active, small molecule NCE, discovered and developed by the Zydus Research Centre. ZYDPLA1 works by blocking the enzyme Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which inactivates the Incretin hormone GLP-1. By increasing the GLP- 1 levels, ZYDPLA1 glucose-dependently increases insulin secretion. This results in an overall improvement in the glucose homoeostasis, including reduction in HbA1c and blood sugar levels.

The Chairman & Managing Director of Zydus, Mr. Pankaj R. Patel said, “Currently, all available DPP-4 inhibitors are dosed once-daily. ZYDPLA1 with a once-a-week dosing regimen would provide diabetic patients with a more convenient treatment alternative. ZYDPLA1 will offer sustained action, which will result in an improved efficacy profile.”

The abstract of Poster Number: LB-PP02-4 can also be viewed on the ENDO web program at https://endo.confex.com/endo/2014endo/webprogram/authora.html. The Poster Preview is scheduled on Sunday, June 22, 2014 at McCormick Place West.

The number of diabetics in the world is estimated to be over 360 million. In 2025 nearly half of the world’s diabetic population will be from India, China, Brazil, Russia and Turkey. The sales of the DPP IV inhibitors is expected to peak at almost $14 billion by 2022. Research in the field of anti-diabetic therapy seeks to address the problems of hypoglycemia, GI side effects, lactic acidosis, weight gain, CV risks, edema, potential immunogenicity etc., which pose a major challenge in the treatment of diabetes.

About Zydus

Headquartered in Ahmedabad, India, Zydus Cadila is an innovative, global pharmaceutical company that discovers, manufactures and markets a broad range of healthcare therapies. The group employs over 16,000 people worldwide including over 1100 scientists engaged in R & D and is dedicated to creating healthier communities globally. As a leading healthcare provider, it aims to become a global researchbased pharmaceutical company by 2020. The group has a strong research pipeline of NCEs, biologics and vaccines which are in various stages of clinical trials including late stage.

About Zydus Research Centre

The Zydus Research Centre has over 20 discovery programmes in the areas of cardio-metabolic disorders, pain, inflammation and oncology. Zydus has in-house capabilities to conduct discovery research from concept to IND-enabling pre-clinical development and human proof-of-concept clinical trials. The Zydus Research group had identified and developed Lipaglyn™ (Saroglitazar) which has now become India’s first NCE to reach the market. Lipaglyn™ is a breakthrough therapy in the treatment of diabetic dyslipidemia and Hypertriglyceridemia. The company recently announced the commencement of Phase III trials of LipaglynTM (Saroglitazar) in patients suffering from Lipodystrophy.

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2011013141A2?cl=en

Rajendra Kharul, Mukul R. Jain, Pankaj R. Patel

Substituted benzamide derivatives as glucokinase (gk) activators

Figure imgf000018_0001

Scheme 2:

Figure imgf000019_0001

Scheme 3:

Figure imgf000020_0001

Scheme 4A:

Figure imgf000020_0002

 

 

Figure imgf000021_0001

Scheme 4B.

] Scheme 5 A:

Figure imgf000022_0001

Scheme 5B:

Figure imgf000022_0002

Scheme 6:

Figure imgf000022_0003

Example 1

3-(4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-(l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yloxy)-iV-(thiazol-2-yl)benzainide

4-(Dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) (0.149 g), N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N’- ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDCI.HC1) (0.524 g) were added to a solution of 3-

( 1 -Methoxypropan-2-yloxy)-5-(4-(5 -methyl- 1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl) phenoxy) benzoic acid (0.5 g) (Intermediate 1) in dry DCM under nitrogen at 0-5 0C. 2-Aminothiazole (0.134 g) was added and the mixture was stirred for 16 h at room temperature. It was diluted with commercially available DCM. Organic phase was washed with dil HCl, saturated solution of NaHCO3, water, brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to get the crude residue. The residue was chromatographed using silica gel as stationary phase and MeOH: CHCl3 gradient as mobile phase up to yield the product (0.3 g) as a white solid.

1H NMR (DMSO-<4, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 1.92-2.01 (m, 1 H), 2.59 (s, 3 H), 2.60-2.65 (m,

I H), 2.79 (s, 3 H), 3.31-3.34 (m, 1 H), 3.36-3.44 (m ,1 H), 5.15 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H),

7.08 (s, 1 H), 7.24 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.27-7.29 (m, 1 H), 7.40 (s, 1 H), 7.54 (s, 1 H),

7.62 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 12.60 (bs, 1 H); ESI-MS mix (relative intensities): 492.03 (M+H)+ (100 %), 514.02 (M+Na)+(15 %); UPLC Purity: 93.59 %, Rettime: 3.59 min.

Intermediate 1: 3-(4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-(l-methyl-2-oxo pyrrolidin -3-yloxy)benzoic acid

A solution of Methyl 3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-(l-methyl- 2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yloxy)benzoate (7 g) (Intermediate 2) in a mixture of THF and methanol (1 :1 ratio) was treated with a solution of sodium hydroxide (2 g) in water and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h at room temperature. The resulting solution was concentrated under vacuum to remove THF and methanol, diluted with water, and washed with EtOAc. The aqueous phase was cooled and acidified with 0.1 N HCl and extracted with DCM, combined organic extracts washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo to give the product (3.5 g) as white solid.

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.20-2.27 (m, 1 H), 2.59-2.67 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (s, 3 H), 2.95 (s, 3 H), 3.38-3.44 (m, 1 H), 3.49-3.54 (m, 1 H), 4.96 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.93-6.95 (m, 1 H), 7.07 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.32-7.34 (m, 1 H), 7.52 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 9.96-9.98 (m, 2 H); ESI-MS (relative intensities): 431.9 (M+ Na)+ (70%).

Intermediate 2: Methyl 3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-(l-methyl-2- oxo- pyrrolidin-3-yloxy)benzoate

To a stirred mixture of Methyl 3-hydroxy-5-(l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yloxy) benzoate (15 g) (Intermediate 3), N,N-dimethylglycine hydrochloride (2.3 g), copper (II) iodide (1 g) in dry 1,4-dioxane was added 2-(4-iodophenyl)-5 -methyl- 1,3,4- oxadiazole (15.4 g) (Intermediate 4) under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 24 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, quenched with water and extracted with DCM. Combined organic washings were washed with water, brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to get the crude product. The crude product was purified by column chromatography using silica gel as stationary phase and ethyl acetate: petroleum ether (9:1) as mobile phase to give the product (7 g) as thick liquid. 1H NMR (DMSO-<4, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 1.91-1.98 (m, 1 H), 2.49-2.54 (m, 1 H), 2.56 (s, 3 H), 2.77 (s, 3 H), 3.34-3.41 (m, 2 H), 3.81 (s, 3 H), 5.12 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.13- 7.15 (m, 2 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.42 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI- MS (relative intensities): 423.9 (M+H)+ (100%), 446.2 (M+ Na)+ (30%).

Intermediate 3: Methyl 3-hydroxy-5-(l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yloxy)benzoate

To a stirred solution of Methyl 3, 5-dihydroxybenzoate (20 g) [CAS No. 2150- 44-9] in dry DMF was added potassium carbonate (48 g) and the suspension stirred at ambient temperature under nitrogen. To this 3-Bromo-l-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one (4Og) (Intermediate 5) [J. Med. Chem., 1987, 30, 1995-98] was added in three equal portions in 4 h intervals at room temperature and stirred overnight at ambient temperature. It was then quenched with water. The aqueous suspension was extracted with DCM. The combined extracts were washed with water, brine, dried over Na2SO4, and filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure to get the thick liquid residue. The crude product was purified by column chromatography using silica gel as stationary phase and ethyl acetate: petroleum ether as a mobile phase to yield the product as white solid (15 g).1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.08-2.10 (m, 1 H), 2.60-2.67 (m, 1 H), 3.04 (s, 3 H), 3.40-

3.43 (m, 1 H), 3.48-3.51 (m, 1 H), 3.87 (s, 3 H), 4.91 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.59- 6.61 (m, 1 H), 7.07-7.09 (m, 1 H), 7.09-7.13 (m, 1 H), 8.02 (s, 1 H); ESI-MS (relative intensities): 287.9 (M+ Na)+ (30%).

Example 68…. S CONFIGURATION

(S)-3-(4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yI)phenoxy)-5-((l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl) oxy)-N-(thiazol-2-yl)benzamide

To a stirring solution of S-(-)-3-[4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5- [(l-methyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-3-yl)oxy]benzoic acid (3.5 g) (Intermediate 13) in dry DCM in single necked round bottomed flask fitted with stop cock with N2(g) balloon, 4- (dimethylamino)pyridine (2.24 g) followed by N-(3-Dimethy lam inopropy I)-N5– ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDCI. HCl) (3.3 g) were added at room temperature. After stirring at the same temperature for 15 min, 2-aminothiazole (0.94 g) was added and stirring was continued for 16 h. Progress of reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (200 mL), washed with dil HCl (20 mL, 0.05 Ν), saturated sodium bicarbonate solution, water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to get crude brown solid (3.5 g). The crude brown solid was purified by solvent trituration.

1H ΝMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.13-2.22 (m, 1 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H), 2.56-2.64 (m, 1 H), 2.93 (s, 3 H), 3.39-3.43 (m, 1 H), 3.48-3.53 (m ,1 H), 4.92 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.01 (s, 1 H), 7.04 (t, J= 2 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.26 (s, 1 H), 7.36 (s, 1 H), 7.44 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 492.1 (M+H)+ (100 %), 513.8 (M+Νa)+ (10 %); UPLC Purity: 98.13 %, Ret. time: 3.577 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 97.31 %, Ret. time: 22.93 min. % ee: 94.62 %

Intermediate 13: S-(-)-3-[4-(5-Methyl-l, 3, 4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-[(l-methyl-2- oxo-pyrro- lidin-3-yl)oxy] benzoic acid

Sodium hydroxide (pallets, 1.5 g) was added to a stirring mixture of (.S)-(-)-Methyl 3- [4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-[(l-methyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-3-yl)oxy] benzoate (5.3g) (Intermediate 14) in MeOH:H2O (1:1) at room temperature. The reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, methanol was evaporated from the reaction mixture and water was added. The aqueous layer was washed with EtOAc, acidified with dil. HCl (0.05 N) to obtain solid. The solid obtained was filtered, washed with water, dried under suction or vacuum to get pure white solid (3.5 g).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.17-2.22 (m, 1 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H), 2.58-2.66 (m, 1 H), 2.93 (s, 3 H), 3.39-3.43 (m, 1 H), 3.48-3.53 (m ,1 H), 4.99 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (t, J = 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.28 (s, 1 H), 7.53 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 410 (M+H)+ (100 %); UPLC Purity: 97.85 %, Ret. time: 3.136 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 99.59 %, Ret. Time: 57.46 min. % ee: 99.18 %

Intermediate 14: (S) -(-) -Methyl 3-[4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-[(l- methyl-2-oxo- pyrrolidin-3-yl) oxyjbenzoate

Sodium hydride suspension (0.71 g, 50 %) was added to a stirring solution of (£)-(-)- methyl 3 -(4-(5 -methyl- 1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl)oxy)benzoate (5.5 g) (Intermediate 15) in dry DMF taken in a round bottomed flask fitted with anhydrous CaCl2 guard tube at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 15 min. Methyl iodide (0.91 mL) was added and stirred till the reaction completion. The reaction mixture was quenched with ice-water, extracted with DCM. All organic layers were combined, washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated in vaccuo to get the thick liquid product. The liquid was triturated with EtOAc: hexane to get the white solid product (5.3 g).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.14-2.21 (m, 1 H), 2.58-2.63 (m, 1 H), 2.64 (s, 3 H), 2.93 (s, 3 H), 3.39-3.43 (m, 1 H), 3.48-3.53 (m , 1 H), 3.89 (s, 3 H), 4.99 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (t, J = 2 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.35 (s, 1 H), 7.53 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 424.1 (M+H)+ (100 %); UPLC Purity: 96.1 1 %, Ret. time: 3.68 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 92.05 %, Ret. Time: 39.33 min.

Intermediate 15: (S) -(-) -Methyl 3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((2- oxo pyrrolidin-3-yl)oxy) benzoate

To a stirring mixture of Methyl 3-hydroxy-5-[4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2- yl)phenoxy] benzoate (7 g) (Intermediate 7) and (/?)-(+)-3-hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinone (Intermediate 16) (2.4g) in dry THF (200 mL) taken in round bottomed flask fitted with anhydrous CaCl2 guard tube, triphenyl phosphine (1 1.3 g) was added. Diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (DIAD) (6.2 mL) in dry THF (10 mL) was added drop wise to the above reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred at room temperature. Reaction was monitored by TLC for completion. After completion, reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum to remove the solvents. Diluted with DCM and coated over silica gel and chromatographed to furnish the product as white solid (6 g). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.26-2.33 (m, 1 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H), 2.64-2.71 (m, 1 H), 3.40-3.47 (m, 1 H), 3.51-3.55 (m, 1 H), 3.89 (s, 3 H), 4.89 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 6.07 (bs, 1 H), 6.99 (t, J= 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.36 (s, 1 H), 7.51 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 410.1 (M+H)+ (100 %); UPLC Purity: 98.35 %, Ret. time: 3.47 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 95.31 %, Ret. Time: 47.97 min. ee: 90.62 %.

Intermediate 16: (R)-(+)-3-Hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinone

To a stirring mixture of 4-Nitrobenzoic acid (21.5 g) and (5)-(-)-3-hydroxy-2- pyrrolidinone (11.8 g) (Intermediate 17) in dry THF (360 mL) taken in a round bottomed flask fitted with anhydrous CaCl2 guard tube, triphenyl phosphine (61.2 g) was added. To this reaction mixture, diisopropyl diazodicarboxylate (DIAD) (34 mL) was added drop wise in three portions at room temperature. The reaction was stirred at room temperature. The progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC (developing agents: UV, I2, as well as aqueous acidic KMnO4). After completion, reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum to obtain residue. Methanol (360 mL) was added to the residue followed by potassium carbonate (10 g) at room temperature. The reaction was stirred at room temperature. The progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC (developing agents: UV, I2, as well as aqueous acidic KMnO4). After completion, reaction mixture was diluted with CHCl3 and filtered through celite. Celite bed was successively washed with 1 % MeOH:CHCl3. The filtrates were combined and concentrated to dryness to remove solvents. The residues were partitioned between EtOAc: dil. HCl (200 mL, 9:1) and stirred for 15 min. Layers were separated, aq. layer was washed with EtOAc thrice until all organic impurities were washed out. The aq. Layer was concentrated to dryness to remove the water and solid residues were obtained. The residues obtained were washed with 1-2 % MeOH: CHCl3 (3 x 100 mL), dried over sodium sulfate, filtered trough cotton, concentrated to get brown thick liquid product.

1U NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.03-2.13 (m, 1 H), 2.46-2.54 (m, 1 H), 3.28-3.35 (m, IH), 3.38-3.48 (m, 1 H), 4.50 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.55 (bs, 1 H), 7.02 (bs, 1 H); [α]D25: + 68, c = l, CHCl3

Intermediate 17: (S)-(-)-3-hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinone

Cone. H2SO4 (14.8 g, 8 mL) was added drop wise over 5 min to the stirring solution of (5)-(-)-4-Amino-2-hydroxybutyric acid (15 g) [CAS No. 40371-51-5] in MeOH (95 rnL) under dry conditions using anhydrous CaCl2 guard tube. After refluxing for 4 h, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and diluted with water (15 mL). Potassium carbonate (24 g) was added in portions to the reaction mixture and stirred overnight (20 h). Reaction mixture was diluted with CHCl3, filtered through celite. Celite bed was thoroughly washed with 1 % MeOHiCHCl3. The filtrates were combined and evaporated to dryness to obtain thick liquid residue. The residue was subjected to aging using 1-2 % MeOHiCHCl3 and then filtered. Organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to obtain the white solid. (1 1.8 g)

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.03-2.13 (m, 1 H), 2.48-2.55 (m, 1 H), 3.30-3.35

(m, IH), 3.36-3.50 (m, 1 H), 4.34 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.51 (bs, 1 H); [α]D25: + 98, c =

1, CHCl3

Following examples (Example 70-76) were prepared by using similar procedure as that of example lwith suitable modifications as are well within the scope of a skilled person

Example 77    R CONFIGURATION

(Λ)-3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl) oxy)-Λ’-(thiazol-2-yl)benzamide

CORRECTED AS (R)-3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((l-methyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl) oxy)-N-(thiazol-2-yl)benzamide

To a stirring solution of (/?j-(+)-3-[4-(5-Methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-

[(l-methyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-3-yl)oxy]benzoic acid (0.2 g) (Intermediate 18) in dry DCM in single necked round bottomed flask fitted with stop cock with N2(g) balloon, N.ΛP-dimethylamino pyridine (0.060 g) followed by EDCI. HCl (0.23 g) were added at room temperature. After stirring at the same temperature for 15 min, 2-aminothiazole (0.054 g) was added and stirring was continued for 16 h. Progress of reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL), washed with dil HCl (5 mL, 0.05 Ν), saturated sodium bicarbonate solution, water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to get crude brown solid (0.080 g). The crude brown solid was purified by solvent trituration.

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.15-2.20 (m, 1 H), 2.55-2.60 (m, 1 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H), 2.93 (s, 3 H), 3.38-3.43 (m, 1 H), 3.47-3.53 (m, 1 H), 4.91 (t, J= 6.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.10-7.14 (m, 2 H), 7.23-7.26 (m, 1 H), 7.36 (s, 1 H), 7.43 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 10.75 (bs, 1 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 492.1 (M+H)+ (100 %), 514.0 (M+Na)+ (20 %); UPLC Purity: 95.25 %, Ret.time: 3.578 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 95.93 %, Ret.time: 14.17min. % ee: 91.86 %

Intermediate 18: (R)-(+)-3-[4-(5-Methyl-l, 3, 4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-[(l-methyl- 2-oxo- pyrrolidin-3-yl)oxy] benzoic acid

Sodium hydroxide (pallets, 0.35 g) was added To a stirring mixture of (/?)-(+)-Methyl 3-[4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-[(l-methyl-2-oxo- pyrrolidin-3-yl) oxyjbenzoate (1.1 g) (Intermediate 19) in MeOH:H2O (1:1) at room temperature. The reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, methanol was evaporated from the reaction mixture and water was added. The aqueous layer was washed with EtOAc, acidified with dil. HCl (0.05 N) to obtain solid. The solid obtained was filtered, washed with water, dried under suction or vacuum to get pure white solid (0.76 g).

1H NMR (DMSO-J6, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 1.92-1.99 (m, 1 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H), 2.58-2.66 (m, 1 H), 3.31 (s, 3 H), 3.32-3.40 (m, 2 H), 5.12 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.08 (s, 1 H), 7.14 (s, 1 H), 7.23 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.40 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 410.1 (M+H)+ (65 %), 410.1 (M+H)+ (100 %); UPLC Purity: 96.95 %, Ret. time: 3.12 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 89.04 %, Ret. Time: 48.15 min. Intermediate 19: (R)-(+)-Methyl 3-[4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy]-5-[(l- methyl-2-oxo- pyrrolidin-3-yl) oxyjbenzoate:

Sodium hydride suspension (0.16 g, 50 %) was added to a stirring solution of (R)- (+)-Methyl 3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl)oxy)benzoate (1.5 g) (Intermediate 20) in dry DMF taken in a round bottomed flask fitted with anhydrous CaCl2 guard tube, at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 15 min. Methyl iodide (0.20 mL) was added and stirred till the reaction completed. The reaction mixture was quenched with ice-water, extracted with DCM. All organic layers were combined, washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated in vacuum to get the thick liquid product. The liquid was triturated with EtOAc: hexane to get the white solid product

(1.2 g).

1U NMR (DMSO-J6, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 1.95-1.98 (m, 1 H), 2.51-2.55 (m, 1 H), 2.56 (s, 3 H), 2.88 (s, 3 H), 3.29-3.34 (m, 1 H), 3.37-3.40 (m ,1 H), 3.81 (s, 3 H), 5.12 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.13-7.17 (m, 2 H), 7.24 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.41 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 423.9 (M+H)+ (100 %); UPLC Purity: 90.38 %, Ret. time: 3.68 min.

Intermediate 20: (R)-(+)-Methyl 3-(4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenoxy)-5-((2- oxopyrrolidin -3-yl)oxy)benzoate

To a stirring mixture of Methyl 3-hydroxy-5-[4-(5-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2- yl)phenoxy] benzoate (2.5 g) (Intermediate 7) and (5)-(-)-3-hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinone (Intermediate 17) (0.8 g) in dry THF (70 mL) taken in round bottomed flask fitted with anhydrous CaCl2 guard tube, triphenyl phosphine (3.77 g) was added. Diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (DIAD) (2.1 mL) in dry THF (2 mL) was added drop wise to the above reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred at room temperature. Reaction was monitored by TLC for completion. After completion, reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum to remove the solvents. Diluted with DCM and coated over silica gel and chromatographed to furnish the product as white solid (2 g).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 2.23-2.30 (m, 1 H); 2.62 (s, 3 H), 2.64-2.71 (m, 1 H), 3.40-3.46 (m, 1 H), 3.50-3.55 (m, 1 H), 3.89 (s, 3 H), 4.89 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (t, J= 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.36 (s, 1 H), 7.51 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H); ESI MS m/z (relative intensities): 410.1 (M+H)+ (45 %); UPLC Purity: 96.40 %, Ret. time: 3.48 min. Chiral Purity by HPLC: 90.92 %, Ret. Time: 48.36 min.

 
ZY4
Zydus announces US FDA approval for initiating Phase I clinical trials of ‘ZYDPLA1’ – a novel next generation orally active, small molecule DPP-4 inhibitor to treat Type 2 Diabetes Ahmedabad, October 23, 2013
• Zydus strengthens its cardiometabolic pipeline with the addition of ZYDPLA1
• Novel next generation New Chemical Entity (NCE) would offer once-a-week oral treatment option, a significant benefit to Type-2 diabetic patients
Close on the heels of launching Lipaglyn, the breakthrough therapy to treat diabetic dyslipidemia and India’s first NCE to reach the market, the Zydus group announced the Phase I clinical trial approval from the USFDA for ZYDPLA1 – a Next Generation, long-acting DPP-4 Inhibitor.
ZYDPLA1 is an orally active, small molecule NCE, discovered and developed by the Zydus Research Centre, the NCE research wing of Zydus. ZYDPLA1 is a novel compound in the Gliptin class of antidiabetic agents.
It works by blocking the enzyme Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which inactivates the Incretin hormone GLP-1. By increasing the GLP-1 levels, ZYDPLA1 glucose-dependently increases insulin secretion and lowers glucagon secretion. This results in an overall improvement in the glucose homoeostasis, including reduction in HbA1c and blood sugar levels.
Currently, all available DPP-4 inhibitors are dosed once-daily. ZYDPLA1 with a once-a-week dosing regimen, would provide diabetic patients with a more convenient treatment alternative. ZYDPLA1 will offer sustained action, which will result in an improved efficacy profile.
Speaking on the new development, Mr. Pankaj R. Patel, Chairman and Managing Director, Zydus Group, said, “After a promising start with Lipaglyn, we take another big leap forward in the area of diabetic research and long term management of Type 2 diabetes. The IND approval by USFDA is another major regulatory milestone for us. We believe that ZYDPLA1 holds promise and would take us closer to our mission of reducing the burden of chronic diseases and addressing unmet medical needs in the treatment of diabetes.”
The number of diabetics in the world is estimated to be over 360 million. In 2025 nearly half of the world’s diabetic population will be from India, China, Brazil, Russia and Turkey. The sales of the DPPIV inhibitors is expected to peak at almost $14 billion by 2022. Research in the field of anti-diabetic therapy seeks to address the problems of hypoglycemia, GI side effects, lactic acidosis, weight gain, CV risks, edema, potential immunogenicity etc., which pose a major challenge in the treatment of diabetes.
About Zydus Zydus
Cadila is an innovative, global pharmaceutical company that discovers, develops, manufactures and markets a broad range of healthcare therapies. The group employs over 15,000 people worldwide and is dedicated to creating healthier communities globally. Zydus is the only Indian pharma company to launch its own patented NCE – Lipaglyn™, the world’s first drug to be approved for the treatment of diabetic dyslipidemia. It aims to be a leading global healthcare provider with a robust product pipeline, achieve sales of over $3 billion by 2015 and be a research-based pharmaceutical company by 2020.
About Zydus Research Centre
The Zydus Research Centre has over 20 discovery programmes ongoing with several candidates in the pre-clinical development stage focused on metabolic, cardiovascular, pain, inflammation and oncology therapeutic areas. With over 400 research professionals spearheading its research programme, Zydus has inhouse capabilities to conduct discovery research from concept to IND-enabling pre-clinical development and human proof-of-concept clinical trials. ZYDPLA1 is the latest addition to the group’s strong research pipeline of 6 NCEs which are in various stages of clinical trials. For more information, please visit: http://www.zyduscadila.com
REFERENCES
International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 to be held from June 21-24, 2014 in Chicago, Illinois.
The abstract of Poster Number: LB-PP02-4 can also be viewed on the ENDO web program at https://endo.confex.com/endo/2014endo/webprogram/authora.html. The Poster Preview is scheduled on Sunday, June 22, 2014 at McCormick Place West

Mukul R Jain, PhD1, Amit Arvind Joharapurkar, PhD1, Rajesh Bahekar, PhD2, Harilal Patel, MSc3, Samadhan Kshirsagar, MPharm1, Pradip Jadav, MSc2, Vishal Patel, MPharm1, Kartikkumar Patel, MPharm1, Vikram K Ramanathan, PhD3, Pankaj R Patel, MPharm4 and Ranjit Desai, PhD2, (1)Pharmacology and Toxicology, Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India
(2)Medicinal Chemistry, Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India
(3)Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India
(4)Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India

Poster Board Number: LBSU-1075

http://zyduscadila.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/ZYDPLA1-a-Novel-LongActing-DPP-4-Inhibitor.pdf

http://zyduscadila.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/PressNote23-10-13.pdf

http://zyduscadila.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/annual_report_14-15.pdf

http://pharmaxchange.info/press/2012/08/glucokinase-activators-gkas-in-diabetes-management/

LB-PP02-4 ZYDPLA1, a novel long-acting DPP-4 inhibitor
Jt Int Congr Endocrinol Annu Meet Endocr Soc (ICE/ENDO) (June 21-24, Chicago) 2014, Abst LBSU-1075

LB-PP02-4 ZYDPLA1, a Novel Long-Acting DPP-4 Inhibitor

Program: Late-Breaking Abstracts
Session: LBSU 1074-1087-Diabetes & Obesity
Translational
Sunday, June 22, 2014: 1:00 PM-3:00 PM
Hall F (McCormick Place West Building)
Poster Board LBSU-1075
Mukul R Jain, PhD1, Amit Arvind Joharapurkar, PhD1, Rajesh Bahekar, PhD1, Harilal Patel, MSc1, Samadhan Kshirsagar, MPharm1, Pradip Jadav, MSc1, Vishal Patel, MPharm1, Kartikkumar Patel, MPharm1, Vikram K Ramanathan, PhD1, Pankaj R Patel, MPharm2 and Ranjit Desai, PhD1
1Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India, 2Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India
DPP-4 inhibitors inhibit degradation of glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and GIP, the endogenous incretin hormones responsible for stimulating glucose-dependent insulin secretion. ZYDPLA1 is a novel and potent DPP-4 inhibitor under clinical development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and has shown potential for once a week administration in humans. The in vitro effect of ZYDPLA1 was assessed using recombinant DPP-4 enzyme.  ZYDPLA1 competitively inhibited DPP-4 activity in vitro with an IC50 of 2.99 nM, and Ki of 9.3 nM. The calculated  Koff rate for ZYDPLA1 was 5.12 × 10–5S-1. ZYDPLA1 was more than 8000 fold selective for DPP-4 relative to DPP-8, and DPP-9, and was more than 10000 fold selective relative to fibroblast activation protein in vitro. The potency of ZYDPLA1 for DPP-4 inhibition was similar across the species. In C57BL/6J mice ZYDPLA1 administration showed a potent antihyperglycemic effect in oral glucose tolerance test. This effect was mediated through elevated circulating levels of GLP-1 and insulin. Potent antihyperglycemic  effect was also observed in Zucker fatty rats following meal tolerance test. Significant DPP-4 inhibition was observed for more than 48 hours in mice and rats and up to 168 hours in dogs and non-human primates. In conclusion, ZYDPLA1 is a potent, selective inhibitor of DPPP-4 that has the potential to become once a week therapy for treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Disclosure: MRJ: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. AAJ: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. RB: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. HP: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. SK: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. PJ: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. VP: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. KP: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. VKR: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. PRP: Chairman, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India. RD: Employee, Zydus Research Centre, Cadila Healthcare Limited, Ahmedabad, India.

screenshot-www ctri nic in 2015-11-16 12-06-43

http://www.ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials/pdf_generate.php?trialid=2263&EncHid=&modid=&compid=%27,%272263det%27

////////Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV, CD26,  DPP-IV,  DP-IV,  Inhibitors

GKM 001 in pipeline for Diabetes by Advinus


ad 1

AD2 AD3

  Figure imgf000088_0002

Figure imgf000089_0001

 

Figure imgf000049_0001
HIGH PROBABLITY COMPD.…..4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]- thiazol-5-yloxy}-benzoic acid, cas 1359151-08-8, 542.62, C26 H26 N2 O7 S2

GKM 001……Several probables

Watch out on this post as I get to correct structure………..GlitterGlitterGlitterGlitter

Advinus Therapeutics Private L,

A glucokinase activator for treatment of type II diabetes

In October 2012, Takeda and Advinus have entered into an agreement to initiate a three-year discovery collaboration program focused on novel targets for inflammation, CNS, and metabolic diseases.

Company Advinus Therapeutics Ltd.
Description Activator of glucokinase (GCK; GK)
Molecular Target Glucokinase (GCK) (GK)
Mechanism of Action Glucokinase activator
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Phase I/II
Standard Indication Diabetes
Indication Details Treat Type II diabetes

Advinus chief executive officer/MD Dr. Rashmi Barbhaiya.

PATENT

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2009047798A2?cl=en

Example Cl : (-)-{5-ChIoro-2-[2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyI)-2-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetylamino]thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid, ethyl ester

 

AD2

 

Step I: Preparation of (-)-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Cl-I):

To a solution of (4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (obtained in example Al -step III) in ethyl acetate was added (S)-(-)-l-phenylethylamine drop wise at -15 °C. After completion of addition the reaction was stirred for 4-6 hours. Solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The solid was then taken in IN HCl and extracted with ethyl acetate, ethyl acetate layer was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Solvent was removed under reduced pressure to obtain (-)-(4- cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid. Enantiomeric enrichment was done by repeating the diasteriomeric crystallization. [α]23 589 = – 107.1 ° (c = 2%Chloroform) Enantiomeric purity > 99. % (chiral HPLC)

Step II: (-)-{5-Chloro-2-[2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetyIamino]thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid ethyl ester : To a solution of (-)-4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Cl-I) in DCM, was added DMF and cooled to 0 °C, followed by the addition of oxalyl chloride under stirring. Stirring was continued for 1 hour at the same temperature. The resulting mixture was further cooled to -35 °C, and to that, a solution of excess (2- amino-5-chlorothiazol-4-yl)acetic acid ethyl ester in DCM was added drop wise. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was poured into IN aqueous HCl under stirring, organic layer was washed with IN HCl, followed by 5% brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, solvent was removed under reduced pressure to get the crude compound which was purified by preparative TLC to get the title compound. [α]23 589 = – ve (c = 2%Chloroform)

1H NMR(400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.06-1.08 (m, 2H), 1.30 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.33-1.38 (m, 2H), 2.42-2.50 (m, IH), 3.73 (d, J=2 Hz, 2H), 4.22 (q, J=7.2 Hz ,2H), 5.75 (s, IH), 6.76- 6.77 (m, IH), 6.83-6.86 (m, IH), 6.90-6.98 (m, IH), 7.73 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 9.96 (bs, IH). MS (EI) m/z: 571.1 and 573.1 (M+ 1; for 35Cl and 37Cl respectively).

Examples C2 and C3 were prepared in analogues manner of example (Cl) from the appropriate chiral intermediate:

Example Dl : (+)-{5-Chloro-2-[2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetylamino]thiazol-4-yl}acetic acid, ethyl ester

 

AD3

 

Preparation of (+)-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Dl-I):

To a solution of (4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (obtained in example Al -step III) in ethyl acetate, was added (R) (+)-l- phenylethylamine drop wise at -15 °C. After completion of addition the reaction was stirred for 4-6 hours. Solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The solid was then taken in IN HCl and extracted with ethyl acetate, ethyl acetate layer was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Solvent was removed under reduced pressure to obtain (+)-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid. Enantiomeric enrichment was done by repeating the diasteriomeric crystallization. [α]23 589 = +93.07° (c = 2%Chloroform) Enantiomeric purity > 99. % (by chiral HPLC)

(+)-(4-CyclopropanesuIfonylphenyI)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid ethyl ester (Dl)

The example Dl was prepared using (+)-4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Dl-I), and following the same reaction condition for amide coupling as described in example Cl, [ot]23 589 = + ve (c = 2%Chloroform)

 

 

PATENT

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2008104994A2?cl=en

Synthesis Type-P

Example Pl : {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- propionylamino]-thiazol-4-yI}-acetic acid

To a solution of {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-propionylamino]-thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid methyl ester (0.03 g, 0.05 mmol) in THF: Ethanol: water ( ImI + 0.3ml + 0.3 ml) was added lithium hydroxide (0.0046 g, 0.11 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred for 5 hours at room temperature followed by removal of solvent under reduced pressure. The residue was suspended in water (15 ml), extracted with ethyl acetate to remove impurities. The aqueous layer was acidified with IN HCl (0.5 ml) and extracted with ethyl acetate (2×10 ml), This ethyl acetate layer was washed with water (15 ml), brine (20 ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give solid product {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-propionylamino]-thiazol-4-yl} -acetic acid (9 mg). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.85 (s, 3H) , 3.07 (s, 3H) , 3.72 ( s, 2H), 6.64-6.69 ( m, 2H ) , 6.89-6.91 (m, IH ), 7.84 ( d, J – 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.00 ( d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H). MS (EI) mlz: 530.70 (M + 1), mp: 109-111 0C.

Preparation of {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- propionylamino)-thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid methyl ester used in Example Pl:

To a mixture of 2-(2, 4-Difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-propionic acid (0.110 g, 0.22 mmol), (2-Amino-5-chloro-thiazol-4-yl)-acetic acid methyl ester (0.071 g, 0.32 mmol), HOBt (0.052g, 0.38 mmol), and EDCI (0.074 g, 0.38 mmol) in methylene dichloride (10 ml) was added N-methylmorpholine (0.039 g, 0.38 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for overnight followed by dilution with 10 ml methylene dichloride. The reaction mixture was poured onto water (20 ml), and organic layer separated, washed with water (2x 20 ml), brine (20 ml), dried over sodium sulfate and solvent evaporated to get residue which was purified by preparative TLC using 50% ethyl acetate in hexane as mobile. To give desired compound (0.30 g). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.45 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.93 (s, 3H), 3.14 (s, 3H), 3.77 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, IH), 4.26 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, IH), 6.69-6.77(m, 2H), 6.96-7.02 (m, IH), 7.89 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.07 (d, J= 8.4Hz, IH).; MS (EI) m/z: 559 .00 (M + 1).

 

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012020357A1?cl=en

 

 

 

 

Figure imgf000035_0001
Ethyl ester 1359153-10-8
acid cas 1359153-12-0

Step I: (4-Cyclopropylsulfanyl-phenyl)-oxo-acetic acid ethyl ester:

A1C13 (7.98 g, 48.42 mmole) was suspended in DCM (50 mL) and cooled to 0 C under argon atmosphere. To this suspension was added chlorooxo ethylacetate (4.5 mL, 39.98 mmol) at 0 °C and stirred for 45 min. followed by addition of a solution of cyclopropylsulfanyl-benzene (5 g, 33.28 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) and stirred at 25 °C for 2 hr. Reaction mixture was slowly poured over crushed ice, organic layer was separated and aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (3 X 50 mL), combined organic layer was washed with brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain (4- cyclopropylsulfanyl-phenyl)-oxo-acetic acid ethyl ester (3.1 g) as an oily product.

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 0.72-0.73 (m, 2H), 1.15-1.17 (m, 2H), 1.40 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 2.18-2.21 (m, 1H), 4.41 (q, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.43 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.90 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 250.9 (M+l).

Step II: (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) oxo acetic acid ethyl ester:

(4-Cyclopropylsulfanyl-phenyl)-oxo-acetic acid ethyl ester (3.1 g, 12.53 mmole) in DCM (50 mL) was cooled to 0-5 °C followed by addition of mCPBA (9.8 g , 31.33 mmol) in portion wise at 0 °C. After stirring at 25 °C for 4 hr, the reaction mixture was filtered; filtrate was washed with saturated aq. Na2S203 and satd. aq. sodium bicarbonate solution followed by brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) oxo acetic acid ethyl ester (3 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.05-1.10 (m, 2H), 1.36-1.39 (m, 2H), 1.40 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 2.45-2.50 (m, 1H), 4.42 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 8.01 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.20 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 297.1 (M+NH4).

Step III: p-Toluene sulfonyl hydrazone (4-cyclopropyl sulfonyl) phenyl acetic acid ethyl ester:

A mixture of (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) oxo acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g, 1.77 mmole) and p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazide (0.48 g , 2.3 mmol) in toluene (15 mL) was refluxed for 16 hr using a Dean-Stark apparatus. Reaction mixture was concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by column chromatography over silica gel using 20-25% ethyl acetate in hexane as eluent to provide p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazone (4-cyclopropyl sulfonyl) phenyl acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g).

MS (EI) m/z 451.0 (M+l).

Step IV: (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) diazo acetic acid ethyl ester:

To a solution of p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazone (4-cyclopropyl sulfonyl) phenyl acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g, 1.23 mmol) in dry DCM (6 mL), was added triethylamine (0.17 mL, 1.35 mmol) and stirred at 25 °C for 1 hr. Reaction mixture was concentrated to provide (4- cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) diazo acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g) which was used in next reaction without any purification.

MS (EI) m/z: 295.1 (M+l).

Step V: Cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid ethyl ester:

(4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) diazo acetic acid ethyl ester (1 g, 3.37 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (16 mL) under argon atmosphere. To this solution, cyclopentanol (0.77 mL, 8.44 mmol) was added followed by rhodium(II)acetate dimer (0.062 g, 0.14 mmol). Mixture was stirred at 25 C for 12 hr. Reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (25 mL), organic layer was washed with water followed by brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude product which was purified by column chromatography using 25-35% ethyl acetate in hexane as eluent to provide cyclopentyloxy-(4- cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid ethyl ester (0.35 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.02-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.24 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.35-1.37 (m, 2H), 1.53-1.82 (m, 8H), 2.42-2.50 (m, 1H), 4.02-4.04 (m, 1H), 4.15-4.22 (m, 2H), 5.00 (s, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.88 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 370.0 (M+18).

Step VI: Cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid:

To cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid ethyl ester (0.35 g, 0.99 mmol) was added a solution of lithium hydroxide (0.208 g, 4.97 mmol) in water (4 mL) followed by THF (2 mL) and methanol (1 drop) and stirred for 12 hours at 25 0 C. Organic solvents were evaporated from the reaction mixture and aqueous layer was acidified IN HCl, extracted with ethyl acetate (3 X 10 mL), organic layer was washed with brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide cyclopentyloxy-(4- cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid (0.210 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.02-1.07 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.38 (m, 2H), 1.55-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69- 1.82 (m, 6H), 2.43-2.47 (m, 1H), 4.08-4.10 (m, 1H), 5.02 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.91 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 342.0 (M+18)

Example Al: 4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]-

Figure imgf000045_0001

To a mixture of cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid (Preparation 1) (0.1 g, 0.30 mmol), 4-(2-Amino-thiazol-5-yloxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester (0.085 g, 0.33 mmol), HOBt (0.045 g, 0.33 mmol), and EDCI (0.063 g, 0.33 mmol) in DCM (5 mL), was added N-methyl morpholine (0.033 g, 0.30 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight followed by dilution with methylene chloride (20 mL). The reaction mixture was poured into water; organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and the organic solvent evaporated to get a residue which was purified by preparative TLC to provide the title compound (0.145 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.03-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.38 (m, 2H), 1.58- 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.81 (m, 6H), 2.42-2.45 (m, 1H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 4.05-4.15 (m, 1H), 5.08 (s, 1H), 7.07 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.15 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.92 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 9.72 (s, 1H); MS (EI) m/z: 556.9 (M + 1).

Example Bl: 4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]- thiazol-5-yloxy}-benzoic acid:

Figure imgf000049_0001

4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]-thiazol-5-yloxy}- benzoic acid methyl ester (0.145 g, 0.26 mmol, obtained in example Al) was taken in H20: THF (1 :2, 6 mL) to it was added MeOH (1 drop) followed by LiOH (0.054 g, 1.30 mmol) and stirred for 12 hr. After completion of the reaction, organic solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The aqueous layer was washed with diisopropyl ether then acidified with 1 N HC1 to pH 4. The solid formed was filtered, washed with water, diisopropyl ether & dried under vacuum to get the title_compound (0.12 g).

IH NMR- (400 MHz DMSO-ifc):- δ 1.01-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.09-1.13 (m, 2H), 1.22-1.49 (m, 2H), 1.59-1.73 (m, 6H), 2.82-2.86 (m, IH), 3.99-4.01 (m, IH), 5.31 (s, IH), 7.16 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (s, IH), 7.74 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.91 (m, 4H), 12.55 (br. s, IH), 12.90 (br.s, IH); MS (EI) m/z: 542.9 (M+l)

CLIPPINGS

 

Advinus’ GK-activator Achieves Early POC for Diabetes

November 29 2011

Partnership Dialog Actively Underway

Advinus Therapeutics, a research-based pharmaceutical company founded by globally experienced industry executives and promoted by the TATA Group, announced that it has successfully completed a 14-day POC study in 60 Type II diabetic patients on its lead molecule, GKM-001, a glucokinase activator. The results of the trial show effective glucose lowering across all doses tested without any incidence of hypoglycemia or any other clinically relevant adverse events.

The clinical trials on GKM-001 validate the company’s pre-clinical hypothesis that a liver selective Glucokinase activator would not cause hypoglycemia (very low blood sugar), while showing robust efficacy.

“GKM-001 is differentiated from most other GK molecules that are in development, or have been discontinued, due to its novel liver selective mechanism of action. GKM-001 has a prolonged pharmacological effect and a half-life that should support a once a day dosing as both mono and combination therapy.” said Dr. Rashmi Barbhaiya, MD & CEO, Advinus Therapeutics. He added that Advinus is actively exploring partnership options to expedite further development and global marketing of GKM-001.

GKM-001 belongs to a novel class of molecules for treatment of type II diabetes. It is an activator of Glucokinase (GK), a glucose-sensing enzyme found mainly in the liver and pancreas. Being liver selective, GKM-001 mostly activates GK in the liver and not in pancreas, which is its key differentiation from most competitor molecules that activate GK in pancreas as well. The resulting increase in insulin secretion creates a potential for hypoglycemia-a risk GKM-001 is designed to avoid. Advinus has the composition of matter patent on GKM-001 for all major markets globally. Both the Single Ascending Dose data, in healthy and type II diabetics, and the Multiple Ascending Dose Study in Type II diabetics has shown that the molecule shows effective glucose lowering in a dose dependent manner and has excellent safety and tolerability profile over a 40-fold dose range. The pharmacokinetic properties of the molecule support once a day dosing. GKM-001 has the potential to be “First-in-Class” drug to address this large, growing and yet poorly addressed market.

Advinus also has identified a clinical candidate as a back-up to GKM-001, which is structurally different. In its portfolio, the company has a growing pipeline for COPD, sickle cell disease, inflammatory bowel disease, type 2 diabetes, acute and chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis in various stages of late discovery and pre-clinical development.

About the Diabetes Market:

The present 300 million diabetics population is estimated to jump to 450 million by 2030 worldwide. A large proportion of these patients are poorly controlled despite multiple therapies. Total sales of diabetic prescription products were $32 billion in 2010.

Advinus Therapeutics team discovers novel molecule for treatment of diabetes

  • The first glucokinase modulator discovered and developed in India 
  • A new concept for the management of diabetes for patients, globally 
  • 100 per cent ‘made in India’ molecule for the treatment of diabetes 
  • IND approved by DGCI, Phase I clinical trial shows excellent safety and tolerance profiles with efficacy

Bangalore: Advinus Therapeutics (Advinus), the research-based pharmaceutical company founded by leading global pharmaceutical executives and promoted by the Tata group, today, announced the discovery of a novel molecule for the treatment of type II diabetes — GKM-001.The molecule is an activator of glucokinase; an enzyme that regulates glucose balance and insulin secretion in the body.

GKM-001 is a completely indigenously developed molecule and the initial clinical trials have shown excellent results for both safety and efficacy.

“Considering past failures of other companies on this target, our discovery programme primarily focused on identifying a molecule that would be efficacious without causing hypoglycaemia; a side effect associated with most compounds developed for this target.

“Recently completed Phase I data indicate that Advinus’ GKM–001 is a liver selective molecule that has overcome the biggest clinical challenge of hypoglycaemia. GKM-001 is differentiated from most other GK molecules in development due to this novel mechanism of action,” said Dr Rashmi Barbhaiya, MD and CEO, Advinus Therapeutics.

He further added, “We are very proud that GKM-001 is 100 per cent Indian. Advinus’s discovery team in Pune discovered the molecule and entire preclinical development was carried out at our centre in Bangalore. The Investigational New Drug (IND) application was filed with the DGCI for approval to initiate clinical trials in India within 34 months of initiation of the discovery programme. Subsequent to the approval of the IND, we have completed the Phase I Single Ascending Dose study in India within two months.”

GKM-001 is a novel molecule for the treatment of type II diabetes. It is the first glucokinase modulator discovered and developed in India and has potential to be both first or best in class. The success in discovering GKM-001 is attributed to the science-driven efforts in Advinus laboratories and ‘breaking the conventional mold’ for selection of a drug candidate. Advinus has ‘composition of matter’ patent on the molecule for all major markets globally. Glucokinase as a class of target is considered to be novel as currently there is no product in the market or in late clinical trials. The strategy for early clinical development revolved around assessing safety (particularly hypoglycaemia) and early assessment of therapeutic activity (glucose lowering and other biomarkers) in type II diabetics. The Phase I data, in both healthy and type II diabetics, shows excellent safety and tolerability over a 40-fold dose range and desirable pharmacokinetic properties consistent with ‘once a day’ dosing. The next wave of clinical studies planned continues on this strategy of early testing in type II diabetics.

Right behind the lead candidate GKM-001, Advinus has a rich pipeline of back up compounds on the same target. These include several structurally different compounds with diverse potency, unique pharmacology and tissue selectivity. Having discovered the molecule with early indication of wide safety margins, desired efficacy and pharmacokinetic profiles, the company now seeks to out-licence GKM-001 and its discovery portfolio.

Kasim A. Mookhtiar, , Debnath Bhuniya, Siddhartha De, Anita Chugh, Jayasagar
Gundu, Venkata Palle, Dhananjay Umrani, Nimish Vachharajani, Vikram
Ramanathan and Rashmi H. Barbhaiya
Advinus Therapeutics Ltd, Hinjewadi, Pune – 411057, and Peenya Industrial Area,
Bangalore – 560058, India
REFERENCES

Patent

wo 2008104994

wo 2008 149382

wo 2009047798
WO2008104994A2 * 25 Feb 2008 4 Sep 2008 Advinus Therapeutics Private L 2,2,2-tri-substituted acetamide derivatives as glucokinase activators, their process and pharmaceutical application
WO2008104994A2 * Feb 25, 2008 Sep 4, 2008 Advinus Therapeutics Private L 2,2,2-tri-substituted acetamide derivatives as glucokinase activators, their process and pharmaceutical application
WO2009047798A2 * Oct 7, 2008 Apr 16, 2009 Advinus Therapeutics Private L Acetamide derivatives as glucokinase activators, their process and medicinal applications

 

///////GKM 001, pipeline, Diabetes, Advinus, type II diabetes, glucokinase modulator, Rashmi Barbhaiya

Some pics

Annual day party at Advinus !!!with Rashmi Barbhaiya

Dr. Rashmi Barbhaiya, MD & CEO, Advinus Therapeutics Pvt.

 

 

 

.

 with Kaushal Joshi, Vishal Pathade, Ramanareddy Jinugu, Mohammed Kakajiwala, Vishal Baxi and Dilip Reddy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

///////

BEXAGLIFLOZIN


 

Figure imgf000045_0001

Bexagliflozin
THR1442; THR-1442, EGT 0001442; EGT1442
CAS :1118567-05-7
(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-({4-[2- (cyclopropyloxy) ethoxy] phenyl} methyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H- pyran-3,4,5-triol

D-Glucitol, 1,5-anhydro-1-C-(4-chloro-3-((4-(2-(cyclopropyloxy)ethoxy)phenyl)methyl)phenyl)-, (1S)-

(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6- (hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol

1-[4-Chloro-3-[4-[2-(cyclopropyloxy)ethoxy]benzyl]phenyl]-1-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
1,5-Anhydro-1(S)-[4-chloro-3-[4-[2-(cyclopropyloxy)ethoxy]benzyl]phenyl]-D-glucitol

(1S)-1,5-anhydro-1-C-[4-chloro-3-({4-[2- (cyclopropyloxy)ethoxy]phenyl}methyl)phenyl]-D-glucitol

Chemical Formula: C24H29ClO7
Exact Mass: 464.16018

Mechanism of Action:SGLT2 inhibitor, Sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitors
Indication:Type 2 diabetes
Phase II
Developer:Theracos, Inc.

Conditions Phases Recruitment Interventions Sponsor/Collaborators
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Phase 2 Completed Drug: EGT0001442|Drug: Placebo capsules to match EGT0001442 Theracos
Diabetes Mellitus Phase 2 Completed Drug: EGT0001442|Drug: Placebo Theracos
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Phase 3 Not yet recruiting Drug: Bexagliflozin|Drug: Placebo Theracos
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Phase 2|Phase 3 Recruiting Drug: Bexagliflozin tablets Theracos

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00062DIPROLINE COMPLEX

Bexagliflozin diproline
RN: 1118567-48-8, C24-H29-Cl-O7.2C5-H9-N-O2
Molecular Weight, 695.2013

L-Proline, compd. with (1S)-1,5-anhydro-1-C-(4-chloro-3-((4-(2-(cyclopropyloxy)ethoxy)phenyl)methyl)phenyl)-D-glucitol (2:1)

im1

Bexagliflozin [(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-({4-[2-(cyclopropyloxy) ethoxy] phenyl} methyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol] is an orally administered drug for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and is classified as a Sodium Glucose co-Transporter 2 (SGLT2) Inhibitor. It is in Phase 2b study to evaluate the effect of bexagliflozin tablets in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

2D chemical structure of 1118567-05-7

Bexagliflozin, also known as EGT1442, is a potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor, attenuates blood glucose and HbA(1c) levels in db/db mice and prolongs the survival of stroke-prone rats. The IC(50) values for EGT1442 against human SGLT1 and SGLT2 are 5.6μM and 2nM, respectively. In normal rats and dogs a saturable urinary glucose excretion was produced with an ED(50) of 0.38 and 0.09mg/kg, respectively. EGT1442 showed favorable properties both in vitro and in vivo and could be beneficial to the management of type 2 diabetic patients.

One promising target for therapeutic intervention in diabetes and related disorders is the glucose transport system of the kidneys. Cellular glucose transport is conducted by either facilitative (“passive”) glucose transporters (GLUTs) or sodium-dependent (“active”) glucose cotransporters (SGLTs). SGLTl is found predominantly in the intestinal brush border, while SGLT2 is localized in the renal proximal tubule and is reportedly responsible for the majority of glucose reuptake by the kidneys.

Recent studies suggest that inhibition of renal SGLT may be a useful approach to treating hyperglycemia by increasing the amount of glucose excreted in the urine (Arakawa K, et al., Br J Pharmacol 132:578-86, 2001; Oku A, et al., Diabetes 48:1794-1800, 1999).

The potential of this therapeutic approach is further supported by recent findings that mutations in the SGL T2 gene occur in cases of familial renal glucosuria, an apparently benign syndrome characterized by urinary glucose excretion in the presence of normal serum glucose levels and the absence of general renal dysfunction or other disease (Santer R, et al., J Am Soc Nephrol 14:2873-82, 2003). Therefore, compounds which inhibit SGLT, particularly SGL T2, are promising candidates for use as antidiabetic drugs.

Compounds previously described as useful for inhibiting SGLT include C-glycoside derivatives (such as those described in US6414126, US20040138439, US20050209166, US20050233988, WO2005085237, US7094763, US20060009400, US20060019948, US20060035841, US20060122126, US20060234953, WO2006108842, US20070049537 and WO2007136116), O-glycoside derivatives (such as those described in US6683056, US20050187168, US20060166899, US20060234954, US20060247179 and US20070185197), spiroketal-glycoside derivatives (described in WO2006080421), cyclohexane derivatives (such as those described in WO2006011469), and thio- glucopyranoside derivatives (such as those described in US20050209309 and WO2006073197).

PATENT

WO 2009026537……………PRODUCT PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2009026537A1?cl=en

Example 19

[0289] The synthesis of compound BQ within the invention is given below.

[0290] Preparation of 2-cyclopropoxyethanol (Intermediate BO)

Figure imgf000073_0002

To a suspension of Mg powder (0.87 g, 36.1 mmol) and iodine (catalytic) in THF (4 mL) was added slowly BrCH2CH2Br (4.6 g, 24.5 mmol) in THF (8 mL). The exothermic reaction was cooled in an ice-bath. After complete addition OfBrCH2CH2Br, a solution of 2- (2-bromoethyl)-l,3-dioxolane (1 g, 5.6 mmol) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was then kept at reflux for 24 h, quenched by addition of aqueous NH4Cl, and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to give crude intermediate BO (400 mg) as yellow oil. [0292] Preparation of 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (Intermediate BP)

Ts0^°V

To a solution of 2-cyclopropoxyethanol (400 mg, 3.92 mmol) in DCM (10 niL) were added TsCl (821 mg, 4.31 mmol) and Et3N (0.6 mL, 4.31 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. Then, IN HCl was added, and the reaction was extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to give a yellow oil. The oil was purified by preparative TLC to obtain intermediate BP (50 mg) as a yellow oil.

Preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2- cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (Compound BQ)

Figure imgf000074_0001

To a solution of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)phenyl)-6- (hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (intermediate Dl) (30 mg, 0.08 mmol) in anhydrous DMF (1 mL) were added 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (intermediate BP) (20 mg, 0.08 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (52 mg, 0.16 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. Then the reaction mixture was poured into water, extracted with EA, washed with brine, dried with anhydrous Na2SO4 and concentrated to an oil. The oil was purified by preparative HPLC to obtain compound BQ (11 mg) as a colorless oil. 1H NMR (CD3OD): δ 7.30 (m, 3H), 7.11 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.82 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.13 (m, 5H), 3.85 (m, 3H), 3.81 (m, IH), 3.40 (m, 4H), 3.30 (m, IH), 0.52 (m, 4H); MS ESI (m/z) 465 (M+H)+, calc. 464.

Example 33

The synthesis of complex DM within the invention is outlined in FIG. 30, with the details given below.

Preparation of 2-cyclopropoxyethanol (Intermediate BO)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00109

To a suspension of Mg powder (86.7 g, 3.6 mol) and I2 (catalytic) in anhydrous THF (0.7 L) was added slowly 1,2-dibromoethane (460 g, 2.4 mol) in anhydrous THF (2 L) at a rate that maintained the reaction temperature between 40-55° C. A solution of 2-(2-bromoethyl)-1,3-dioxolane (100 g, 0.56 mol) in anhydrous THF (750 mL) was added dropwise, and the reaction mixture was kept at 40-55° C. for 16 h. The reaction was quenched by addition of an aqueous solution of ammonium chloride. The mixture was extracted with methylene chloride. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated to give intermediate BO (27 g) as yellow oil, which was used in the next step without further purification.

Preparation of 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (Intermediate BP)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00110

To a stirred solution of sodium hydroxide (32 g, 0.8 mol) in water (180 mL) and THF (180 mL) was added crude 2-cyclopropoxyethanol from the previous step (27 g, 0.26 mol) at −5 to 0° C. A solution of p-toluenesulfonyl chloride (52 g, 0.27 mol) in THF (360 mL) was added dropwise, and the reaction mixture was kept at −5 to 0° C. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was then incubated at room temperature for 30 min, the organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2×1.0 L). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated to get the crude intermediate BP as a yellow oil (53.3 g), which was used for the preparation of intermediate DK below without further purification.

Preparation of 4-(5-bromo-2-chlorobenzyl)phenol (Intermediate H)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00111

To a stirred solution of 4-bromo-1-chloro-2-(4-ethoxybenzyl)benzene (intermediate B) (747 g, 2.31 mol) in dichloromethane was added slowly boron tribromide (1.15 kg, 4.62 mol) at −78° C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature. When the reaction was complete as measured by TLC, the reaction was quenched with water. The mixture was extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was washed with an aqueous solution of saturated sodium bicarbonate, then with water, and then with brine, and dried over Na2SO4. The residue was concentrated and then recrystallized in petroleum ether to obtain intermediate H as a white solid (460 g, yield 68%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ 7.23˜7.29 (m, 3H), 7.08 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.79 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.01 (s, 1H), 4.00 (s, 2H).

Preparation of 4-bromo-1-chloro-2-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)benzene (Intermediate DK)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00112

A mixture of 4-(5-bromo-2-chlorobenzyl)phenol (56.7 g, 210 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (135 g, 420 mmol) in DMF (350 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, and then 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (crude intermediate BP from the second preceeding step above) (53.3 g, 210 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, and then diluted with water (3 L) and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, then with brine, and dried over Na2SO4. The residue was concentrated and then purified by flash column chromatography on silica gel (eluent PE:EA=10:1) to give intermediate DK as a liquid (51 g, yield 64%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ 7.22˜7.29 (m, 3H), 7.08 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.88 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.38-3.32 (m, 1H), 0.62-0.66 (m, 2H), 0.49-0.52 (m, 2H).

Preparation of (2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxytetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (Intermediate DL)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00113

To a stirred solution of 4-bromo-1-chloro-2-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)benzene (213 g) in anhydrous THF/toluene (1:2 v/v, 1.7 L) under argon was added n-BuLi (2.5 M in hexane, 245.9 mL) dropwise at −60±5° C. The mixture was stirred for 30 min, and then transferred to a stirred solution of (3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-tris(trimethylsilyloxy)-6-((trimethylsilyloxy)methyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-one (310.5 g) in toluene (1.6 L) at −60±5° C. The reaction mixture was continuously stirred at −60±5° C. for 1 before quenching with an aqueous solution of saturated ammonium chloride (1.5 L). The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 1 h. The organic layer was separated and the water layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×500 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (1 L), dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in methanol (450 mL), and methanesulfonic acid (9.2 mL) was added at 0° C. The solution was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 2.0 h. The reaction was quenched with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate (50 g) in water (500 mL) and then additional water (900 mL) was added. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×1.0 L). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated. The crude product was used in the next step without further purification.

Preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol, bis(L-proline) complex (Complex DM)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00114

To a stirred solution of crude (2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxytetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol from the previous step in CH2Cl2/CH3CN (1:1, 1.3 L) at −5° C. was added triethylsilane (28.2 mL, 563 mmol), followed by BF3.Et2O (52.3 mL, 418.9 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 16 h while the temperature was allowed to warm gradually to room temperature. The reaction was quenched by addition of an aqueous solution of saturated sodium bicarbonate to pH 8.0. The organic volatiles were removed under vacuum. The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate (2.25 L) and water (2.25 L). The organic layer was separated, washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated to give the crude product (230 g, purity 82.3%). To the crude product was added L-proline (113.7 g) in EtOH/H2O (15:1 v/v, 2.09 L), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 1 h until it became a clear solution. Hexane (3.0 L) was added dropwise over 50 min, while the temperature was maintained at about 60° C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solid was filtered and washed with EtOH/H2O (15:1 v/v, 2×300 mL), hexane (2×900 mL), and dried at 45° C. under vacuum for 10 h to give pure complex DM as a white solid (209 g; HPLC purity 99.2% (UV)). 1H NMR (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δ 7.25˜7.34 (m, 3H), 7.11 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.84 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.03-4.11 (m, 5H), 3.96-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.83-3.90 (m, 3H), 3.68-3.72 (m, 1H), 3.36-3.46 (m, 6H), 3.21-3.30 (m, 3H), 2.26-2.34 (m, 2H), 2.08-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.94-2.02 (m, 4H), 0.56-0.57 (m, 2H), 0.52-0.53 (m, 2H).

Crystalline complex DM was analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction using CuKα1 radiation. The diffraction pattern is shown inFIG. 31 and summarized in Table 1 (only peaks up to 30° in 2θ are listed). The melting point of complex DM was determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as 151±1° C. (evaluated as onset-temperature; heating from 50° C. to 200° C. at 10° C./min). The DSC spectrum is shown in FIG. 32.

Preparation of (3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (Intermediate D)

Figure US08802637-20140812-C00007

To a stirred solution of (3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (Intermediate C) (2 g, 5.9 mmol) in dichloromethane was added BBr3 (14.6 mL, 1 M) dropwise at −78° C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was allowed to warm to 0° C. and held at this temperature for 2 h. When LC-MS showed that no starting material remained, the mixture was cooled to −78° C. again, and quenched with water. When the temperature was stable, saturated NaHCO3 solution was added. The mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with NaHCO3 and brine, dried over Na2SO4, evaporated and purified to obtain intermediate D (0.7 g).

In addition, for use in the synthesis of certain compounds of the invention, the 2S isomer (intermediate D1) and the 2R isomer (intermediate D2) of intermediate D were separated by preparative LC-MS. Intermediate D1: 1H NMR (CD3OD): δ 7.30 (m, 3H), 6.97 (d, 2H, J=6.8 Hz), 6.68 (d, 2H, J=6.8 Hz), 4.56 (s, 1H), 4.16 (s, 1H), 3.91˜4.02 (m, 5H), 3.79 (m, 1H), 3.64 (m, 1H). Intermediate D2: 1H NMR (CD3OD): δ 7.29˜7.33 (m, 3H), 7.00 (d, 2H, J=6.8 Hz), 6.70 (d, 2H, J=6.8 Hz), 4.58 (d, 1H, J=4.0 Hz), 3.96˜4.02 (m, 4H), 3.93˜3.95 (m, 1H), 3.81˜3.85 (m, 1H), 3.64˜3.69 (m, 1H).

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/US20130267694

Example 14 Preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol crystals

This example describes preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol by crystallization of ((2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(442-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol bis(L-proline) complex in methanol/water solvent mixture.

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00066

(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (1.3 kg) was added to a propylene drum (25 L) and methanol (3.6 kg) and water (1.3 kg) and the mixture was stirred until the solids dissolved. The solution was filtered through filter membrane (Millipore, 0.45 μm) into a clean glass reactor (50 L). The mixture was refluxed for 30 min and water (7.2 kg) was added over 1.0 h while maintaining the temperature between 50 and 65° C. The mixture was slowly cooled to ˜42° C. over 2 h. A suspension of seed crystal (26 g) in cold (−5° C.) mixture of methanol/water (78 mL, 2.8/6.5 (w/w)) and the slow cooling was continued to −5° C. over 12 h. The suspension was stirred for another 5 h and was filtered. The solid was slurried with cold water and filtered (0 to 5° C., 3×2.6 kg). The filter cake was dried under reduced pressure for 24 h until the loss on drying was no more than 0.5% to give a white solid (825 g, 92% yield, 99.3% pure by \HPLC-0001).

Example 15 Preparation of 4-(2-Chloro-5-Iodobenzyl)Phenol

This example describes preparation of 4-(2-chloro-5-iodobenzyl)phenol using gaseous hydrobromic acid.

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00067

Preparation of (2-chloro-5-iodophenyl)methan-1-ol

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00068

A 250 mL of 4-necked flask equipped with thermometer and mechanical stirring was charged with NaBH4 (4.16 g, 0.11 mol) and THF (60 mL) under argon. After cooling to 0˜5° C. with stirring, a solution of iodine in THF (12.7 g I2 in 25 mL THF) was added slowly dropwise over 30 min and the reaction temperature was maintained below 10° C. After the addition was completed, a solution of 2-chloro-5-iodobenzoic acid (15.0 g, 50 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added dropwise over 30 min and kept the reaction temperature below 10° C. After stirring for another 3 h at 20˜25° C., the reaction mixture was heated to reflux for additional 16 h and monitored by TLC (PE/EA=1:1, Rf=0.2). The mixture was cooled to 20˜25° C. and poured into ice water (100 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (2×100 mL), washed with water (2×100 mL), brine (100 mL), concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (PE:EA=20:1 as eluant, 200 mL) to give an off-white solid. Yield: 10.0 g (70%) MS ESI (m/z): 269 [M+1]+.

Preparation of 4-(2-Chloro-5-Iodobenzyl)Phenol

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00069

A 100 mL of 4-necked flask equipped with thermometer and mechanical stirrer was charged with (2-chloro-5-iodophenyl)methanol (268.5 mg, 1 mmol), anhydrous ZnCl2 (136.3 mg, 1 mmol), dichloromethane (5.0 mL) and n-hexane (29 mL) under argon. After stirring for 10 min at 20 to 25° C., HBr (gas) was bubbled into the mixture for 10 min and a solution of phenol (197.6 mg, 2.1 mmol) in dry dichloromethane (3.0 mL) was added dropwise over 30 min. After bubbling HBr for additional 2 h, the mixture was refluxed for 3 days. The conversion was about 65%. The mixture was quenched with ice water (50 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (2×30 mL), washed with water (2×30 mL), brine (30 mL), concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (PE:EA=25:1 as eluant, 200 mL) to give an off-white solid. Yield: 180 mg (52%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ 7.44 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.03˜7.09 (m, 3H), 6.77 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 4.76 (s, 1H), 3.95 (s, 2H), 3.82 (s, 2H). MS ESI (m/z): 345 [M+1]+. 13C NMR (CDCl3, 100 MHz): δ 154.1, 141.4, 139.5, 136.6, 134.2, 131.2, 130.9, 130.1, 115.5, 91.67, 38.07.

Example 16 Preparation of 2-(4-(2-Cyclopropoxyethoxy)Benzyl)-1-Chloro-4-Iodobenzene

This example describes the preparation of 2-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)-1-chloro-4-iodobenzene via coupling of the 4-(2-chloro-5-iodobenzyl)phenol with 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate.

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00070

Under nitrogen a 500 L glass-lined reactor was charged with acetone (123 kg) with stirring (120 RPM), 4-(2-chloro-5-iodobenzyl)phenol (19.37 kg, 0.056 kmol), 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (15.85 kg, 0.062 kmol), cesium carbonate (18.31 kg, 0.0562 kmol) powder, potassium carbonate (23.3 kg, 0.169 kmol) powder and TBAI (4.15 kg, 0.011 kmol). After stirring for 4045 h at 40° C., TLC (PE:EA=4:1, Rf=0.3) showed that starting material was consumed. The mixture was cooled to 20˜25° C.

The reaction mixture was filtered over diatomite (28 kg) and the filter cake was washed with acetone (2×31 kg). The combined filtrates were transferred to a 500 L glass-lined reactor and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (175 kg, washed with water (2×97 kg) and concentrated until the volume was about 100 L and was transferred to a 200 L glass-lined reactor and continued to concentrate to get about 22.5 kg of crude material.

The crude material was dissolved in methanol/n-hexane (10:1, 110 kg) under refluxing for 30 min with stirring (100 RPM) until it was a clear solution. The mixture was cooled to 5 to 10° C. and some crystal seeds (20 g) were added. The suspension was stirred for another 5 h at 5 to 10° C. The mixture was filtered at 0 to 5° C. and the filter cake was washed with pre-cooled methanol/n-hexane (10:1, 5° C., 2×11 kg). The filter cake was dried under at 15 to 20° C. for 15 h to give off-white to white solid. Yield: 18.1 kg, 75%. Melting Point: 31° C. (DSC onset). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ 7.45˜7.50 (m, 2H), 7.09˜7.12 (m, 3H), 6.88 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (t, J=5.2 Hz, 2H), 3.99 (s, 2H), 3.88 (t, J=5.2 Hz, 2H), 3.40˜3.44 (m, 1H), 0.63˜0.67 (m, 2H), 0.49˜0.54 (m, 1H). MS ESI (m/z): 429 [M+1]+. 13C NMR (CDCl3, 100 MHz): δ 157.5, 141.5, 139.5, 136.6, 134.2, 131.2, 130.8, 129.9, 114.9, 91.66, 69.00, 67.13, 53.72, 38.08, 5.63.

Example 9 Preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol, bis(L-proline) complex

This example describes preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol, bis(L-proline) complex by co-crystallization of ((2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol with L-proline in ethanol/water/n-heptane solvent mixture.

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00062

The crude (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (2.5 kg) was added to a glass reactor containing ethanol (95%, 16 kg) and L-proline (1.24 kg) and the mixture was refluxed for 1 h. While keeping the temperature above 60° C., n-heptane (8.5 kg) was added over 40 min. The mixture was slowly cooled to 25 to 20° C. and stirred at this temperature for 10 h. The mixture was filtered and the solids were washed with cold (−5° C.) ethanol (95%, 2×2.5 L) and n-heptane (2×5 L) and the solids were dried under reduced pressure at 55 to 65° C. for 20 h to give a white solid (3.03 kg, 81% yield, 99.4% pure by HPLC-0001).

Example 7 Preparation of ((2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-Chloro-3-(4-(2-Cyclopropoxyethoxy)Benzyl)Phenyl)-6-(Hydroxymethyl)Tetrahydro-2H-Pyran-3,4,5-triol

This example describes preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol by removal of the anomeric OH or OMe.

Figure US20130267694A1-20131010-C00061

(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-(4-Chloro-3-(4-(2-Cyclopropoxyethoxy)Benzyl)Phenyl)-6-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-Methoxytetrahydro-2H-Pyran-3,4,5-Triol Solution

A 30 L glass reactor equipped with a thermometer was charged with crude (2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxytetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (1.15 kg), DCM (2.3 kg) and acetonitrile (1.4 kg), and the mixture was magnetically stirred until all the solids dissolved under nitrogen sparging. The solution was cooled to ˜−15° C.

Triethylsilane Solution:

BF3.Et2O (1.2 kg) was added to a cold (−20 to −15° C.) solution of triethysilane (1.08 kg) dichloromethane (2.3 kg) and acetonitrile (1.4 kg) with nitrogen sparging.

The cold (2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxytetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol solution was added to the cold triethylsilane solution at such a rate to maintain the temperature between −20 and −15° C. (˜2 to 3 h).

The reaction mixture was stirred for another 2 to 3 h and then quenched by addition of an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate (7.4% w/w, 7.8 kg) and the reaction mixture was stirred for about 15 min. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure (2 h, temperature below 40° C.). The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate (6.9 kg) and water (3.9 kg). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2×3.5 kg). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (2×3.8 kg) and the solvents were removed under reduced pressure. Anhydrous ethanol (2.3 kg) was added and concentrated to give the crude product of the title compound (1 kg, 90% yield, 90% HPLC-0001) as yellow solid.

PATENT

WO 2011153953

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2011153953A1?cl=en

Example 1. Preparation of (2S.iR. R.5S.6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cvclopropoxyethoxy) benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hvdroxymethyl)tetrahvdro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol, bis(X-proline) complex

Figure imgf000032_0001
Figure imgf000032_0002

Example 1A

Preparation of 2-cyclopropoxyethanol (1)

Figure imgf000032_0003

To a suspension of Mg powder (86.7 g, 3.6 mol) and iodine (cat) in anhydrous THF (0.7 L) was added slowly 1,2-dibromoethane (460 g, 2.4 mol) in anhydrous THF (2 L) slowly at a rate as to keep the internal temperature between 40-55 °C. After the addition, a solution of 2-(2-bromoethyl)-l,3-dioxolane (lOOg, 0.56 mol) in anhydrous THF (750 mL) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was kept at 40-55 °C for 16h and was quenched by addition of aqueous solution of ammonium chloride. The mixture was extracted with methylene chloride. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated to give the title product (27 g) as yellow oil, which was directly used without further purification.

Example IB

Preparation of 2-cyclopropoxyethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (2)

Figure imgf000033_0001

To a stirred solution of sodium hydroxide (32 g, 0.8 mol) in water (180 mL) and THF (180 mL) was added Example 1A (27 g, 0.26 mol) at -5 to 0 °C. Afterwards, a solution of ji?-toluenesulfonyl chloride (52 g, 0.27 mol) in THF (360 mL) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was kept at -5 to 0 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was then kept at room temperature for 30 min. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2×1.0 L). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated to get the crude product as yellow oil (53.3 g). It was used directly without further purification.

Example 1C

Preparation of 4-(5-bromo-2-chlorobenzyl)phenol (3)

Figure imgf000033_0002

To a stirred solution of 4-bromo-l-chloro-2-(4-ethoxybenzyl)benzene (747 g, 2.31 mol) in dichloromethane was added boron tribromide (1.15 kg, 4.62 mol) slowly at -78 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to rise to room temperature. When the reaction was complete as measure by TLC, the reaction was quenched with water. The mixture was extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was washed with aqueous solution of saturated sodium bicarbonate, water, brine, dried over Na2S04, and concentrated. The residue was recrystallized in petroleum ether to give the title compound as a white solid (460 g, yield 68%). 1H NMR (CDC13, 400MHz): δ 7.23-7.29 (m, 3H), 7.08 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.79 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.01 (s, 1H), 4.00 (s, 2H).

Example ID

Preparation of 4-bro -l-chloro-2-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy)benzyl)benzene (4)

Figure imgf000034_0001

A mixture of Example 1C (56.7 g, 210 mmol) and Cs2C03 (135 g, 420 mmol) in DMF (350 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 0.5 h. Example IB (53.3 g, 210 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. It was diluted with water (3 L) and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2S04, and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column

chromatography on silica gel eluting with petroleum ether:ethyl acetate (10:1) to give the title compound as liquid (51 g, yield 64%). 1H NMR (CDC13, 400MHz): δ 7.22-7.29 (m, 3H), 7.08 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.88 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 3.38-3.32 (m, 1H), 0.62-0.66 (m, 2H), 0.49-0.52(m, 2H).

Example IE

Preparation of (25,5R, S,55,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy) benzyl)phenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-metlioxytetraliydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol (5)

Figure imgf000034_0002

To a stirred solution of Example ID (213 g) in anhydrous THF/toluene (1 :2 (v/v), 1.7 L) under argon was added n-BuLi (2.5 M hexane, 245.9 mL) drop wise at -60 ± 5 °C. The mixture was stirred for 30 min. before transferred to a stirred solution of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O- trimethylsilyl-P-Z -glucolactone (310.5 g) in toluene (1.6 L) at -60 ± 5 °C. The reaction mixture was continuously stirred at -60 ± 5 °C for 1 h before quenching with aqueous solution of saturated ammonium chloride (1.5 L). Then mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 1 h. The organic layer was separated and the water layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×500 niL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (1 L), dried over Na2S04, and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in methanol (450 mL) and methanesulfonic acid (9.2 mL) was added at 0 °C. The solution was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 20 h. It was quenched with aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate (50 g) in water (500 mL) and additional water (900 mL) was added. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×1.0 L). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, concentrated and used directly in the next step without further purification.

Example IF

Preparation of (25,5R, R,55,6R)-2-(4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy) benzyl)phenyl)-6- (hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol, bis(Z-proline) complex (7)

Figure imgf000035_0001

To stirred solution of Example IE in CH2C12/CH3CN (650 mL:650 mL) at -5 °C was added triethylsilane (28.2 mL, 563 mmol), and followed by BF3-Et20 (52.3 mL, 418.9 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 16 h while the temperature was allowed to warm to room temperature gradually. The reaction was quenched with aqueous solution of saturated sodium bicarbonate to pH 8.0. The organic volatiles were removed under vacuum. The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate (2.25 L) and water (2.25 L). The organic layer was separated, washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated to give the crude product 6 (230 g, purity 82.3%). This product and L-proline (113.7 g) in EtOH/H20 (15:1 v/v, 2.09 L) was stirred at 80 °C for 1 h when it became a clear solution. Hexane (3.0 L) was added dropwise into the above hot solution over 50 min, with the temperature being kept at about 60 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solid was filtered and washed with EtOH/ H20 (15:1 (v/v), 2×300 mL), hexane (2×900 mL), and dried at 45 °C under vacuum for 10 h to give the pure title compound 7 as a white solid (209 g).

Purity (HPLC) 99.2% (UV). 1H NMR (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δ 7.25—7.34 (m, 3H), 7.11 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.84 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.03-4.11 (m, 5H), 3.96-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.83-3.90 (m, 3H), 3.68-3.72 (m, 1H), 3.36-3.46 (m, 6H), 3.21-3.30 (m, 3H), 2.26-2.34 (m, 2H), 2.08-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.94-2.02 (m, 4H), 0.56-0.57 (m, 2H), 0.52-0.53(m, 2H).

Example 2. Direct Preparation of Crystalline Compound 8 from Complex 7

This example illustrates the preparation of a crystalline form of (2S, 3R, 4R, 5S, 6R)-2- (4-chloro-3-(4-(2-cyclopropoxyethoxy) benzyl)phenyl)-6- (hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H- pyran-3,4,5-triol.

Figure imgf000036_0001

To a 5.0 L 4-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer was added the starting co-crystal (150.0 g) and methanol (300 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature with mechanical stirring (anchor agitator, 2-blades 9 cm) until a cloudy solution/suspension formed, to which distilled water (1500 mL) was added dropwise at a rate of -12.5 mL/min. As the mixture warmed from the exotherm of adding water to methanol, the mixture became clear after adding about 1/5 to 1/3 of the water. After the addition was completed the reaction was stirred continuously at 80 rpm for another 5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered over medium-speed filter paper and the filter cake was washed with distilled water (450 mL and then 300 mL) and dried under vacuum using an oil pump (~6 mm Hg) at 45 °C for 48 hours to give the target product as a white crystalline solid (94.2 g, 93.9% yield, purity (HPLC): 99.3%).

Example 5. Indirect Preparation of Crystalline Compound 8 from Complex 7

Figure imgf000038_0001

[0113] To a 200 L glass lined reactor equipped with a double-tier paddle agitator and a glass condenser was added sequentially complex 7 (7.33 kg), ethyl acetate (67.5 kg) and pure water (74.0 kg). The mixture was heated to reflux and stirred at reflux for 30 min. The reaction mixture was cooled to approximately 50 °C and the organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (34.0 kg). The combined organic layers were washed with pure water (3×74.0 kg) (IPC test showed that the IPC criteria for L-proline residue was met after three water washes). The mixture was concentrated at 40 °C under vacuum (-15 mmHg) for 3 h until the liquid level dropped below the lower-tier agitator paddle. The mixture (18 kg) was discharged and transferred to a 20L rotary evaporator. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum (40 °C, ~5 mmHg) to a minimum volume. The remaining trace amount of ethyl acetate was removed azeotropically at 40 °C under vacuum with methanol (10 kg). The residue was dried under vacuum of an oil pump (~6 mmHg) at 40 °C for 10 h to give 8 as a white amorphous solid (4.67 kg, purity (HPLC): 99.2%) which was used in the next step without further purification.

The recrystallization was accomplished by the following steps. To a 100 L glass line reactor equipped with a double-tier paddle agitator and a glass condenser was added the above amorphous 8 (4.67 kg) and methanol (18.0 kg). The mixture was refluxed at 70 °C for 30 min until a clear solution formed, to which pure water (45.0 kg) was added over 2 hours. After the addition was completed (the reaction temperature was 41 °C), the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred at room temperature for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered and the wet cake was washed with pure water (2×15 kg) and dried under vacuum at 55-60 °C for 12 hours to give the target product as an off-white crystalline solid (3.93 kg, yield: 84% in two steps; purity (HPLC): 99.7%).

Example 6. Direct Preparation of Crystalline Compound 8 from Amorphous 8

Figure imgf000039_0001

A 5 L 4-neck flask was charged with 8 (amorphous), 116 g, and methanol (580 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 60 C with mechanical stirring and the solution became clear. Water (2320 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution at 40 mL/min at 50 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filter cake was washed with water (2×200 mL), dried under vacuum at 55 °C for 12 hours, to afford white crystalline 8. Yield is 112.8 g (97.2%).

References:
1. Clinical Trial, A Dose Range Finding Study to Evaluate the Effect of Bexagliflozin Tablets in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. NCT02390050 (retrieved on 26-03-2015).

WO2008144346A2 * May 15, 2008 Nov 27, 2008 Squibb Bristol Myers Co Crystal structures of sglt2 inhibitors and processes for their preparation
WO2009026537A1 * Aug 22, 2008 Feb 26, 2009 Theracos Inc Benzylbenzene derivatives and methods of use
CN1407990A * Oct 2, 2000 Apr 2, 2003 布里斯托尔-迈尔斯斯奎布公司 C-aryl glucoside sgltz inhibitors

WO2008144346A2 * May 15, 2008 Nov 27, 2008 Squibb Bristol Myers Co Crystal structures of sglt2 inhibitors and processes for their preparation
WO2009026537A1 * Aug 22, 2008 Feb 26, 2009 Theracos Inc Benzylbenzene derivatives and methods of use
CN1407990A * Oct 2, 2000 Apr 2, 2003 布里斯托尔-迈尔斯斯奎布公司 C-aryl glucoside sgltz inhibitors
WO2010022313A2 * Aug 21, 2009 Feb 25, 2010 Theracos, Inc. Processes for the preparation of sglt2 inhibitors

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c1cc(ccc1Cc2cc(ccc2Cl)[C@H]3[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O3)CO)O)O)O)OCCOC4CC4

What is SBM-TFC-039 an SGLT Inhibitor from Sirona Biochem !!


A new “flozin” seems to me appearing on the horizon in form of SBM-TFC-039 an SGLT Inhibitor from Sirona Biochem, picked up a list from WO 2012160218,  from TFChem…….see link , Sirona Biochem Announces SGLT2 Inhibitor and Skin Lightening Patent Granted, 29 Jun 2015, Patent entitled “Family of aryl, heteroaryl, o-aryl and o-heteroaryl carbasugars”

This led me to search, “Family of aryl, heteroaryl, o-aryl and o-heteroaryl carbasugars” 
WO 2012160218 A1, IN 2013-DN10635, CN 103649033Tf化学公司

Applicant Tfchem

 

Figure imgf000110_0001

List above as in http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012160218A1?cl=en

FROM THE ABOVE LIST, SBM-TFC-039 MAY BE PREDICTED/OR AS SHOWN BELOW

COMPD 16 as in/WO2012160218

 

 

COMPD 16

COMPD 16, PREDICTED/LIKELY SBM-TFC-039 has CAS 1413373-30-4, name D-​myo-​Inositol, 1-​[4-​chloro-​3-​[(4-​ethoxyphenyl)​methyl]​phenyl]​-​1,​2,​3-​trideoxy-​2,​2-​difluoro-​3-​(hydroxymethyl)​-

Just scrolling through the patent gave me more insight

MORE EVIDENCE….http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012160218A1?cl=en, this patent descibes compd 16 as follows

Compound 16 according to the invention has been compared to Dapaglifozin to underline the improvement of the duration of action, i.e. the longer duration of glucosuria, of the compound when the intracyclic oxygen atom of the glucose moiety is replaced by a CF2 moiety.

 

Figure imgf000091_0001

This assay has been carried out at a dose of 3 mg/ kg.

The results obtained are presented on Figure 5. It appears thus that 16 (3 mg/kg) triggered glucosuria that lasted beyond 24 hours compared to Dapagliflozin.

• Compound 16 according to the invention has been compared to the compound 9 of WO 2009/1076550 to underline the improvement of the duration of action of the compound when a mimic of glucose bearing a CH-OH moiety instead of the intracyclic oxygen atom is replaced by a mimic of glucose bearing a CF2 in place of the CH-OH moiet .

 

Figure imgf000092_0001
NOTE=COMPD 9 OF WO 2009/1076550 has  CAS 1161430-16-5, D-​scyllo-​Inositol, 1-​[4-​chloro-​3-​[(4-​ethoxyphenyl)​methyl]​phenyl]​-​1,​3-​dideoxy-​3-​(hydroxymethyl)​-  and  is very similar to the compd under discussion

 

Company Sirona Biochem Corp.
Description Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor
Molecular Target Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) 
Mechanism of Action Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Preclinical
Standard Indication Diabetes
Indication Details Treat Type II diabetes
Regulatory Designation
Partner Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.

SBM-TFC-039

PATENT

WO 2012160218

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012160218A1?cl=en

Examples within this first subclass include but are not limited to:

 

Figure imgf000019_0001

Synthesis of compound 8

C35H34O5 M = 534.64 g.mol

Mass: (ESI ): 535.00 (M + H); 552.00 (M + H20); 785.87; 1086.67 (2M + H20)

Figure imgf000053_0001

A.

 

Figure imgf000053_0002

Procedure A:

To a solution of 4 (10.5g, 15.89mmol, leq) in toluene (400mL) were added 18-crown-6 (168mg, 0.64mmol, 0.04eq) and potassium carbonate (6.69g, 48.5mmol, 3.05eq.). The mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, and then the remising insoluble material was filtered off and washed with toluene. The filtrate and the washings were combined, washed with 2N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution followed by saturated sodium hydrogencarbonate aqueous solution, dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified on silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 98:2 to 80:20) to afford cyclohexenone 8 (4.07g; 48% yield) as yellowish oil.

Procedure B:

A solution of 7 (3.27g, 5.92mmol, leq) in pyridine (14mL) was cooled to 0°C before POCl3 (2.75mL, 29.6mmol, 5eq) was added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at this temperature for 10 min before the cooling bath was removed. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature before being re-cooled to 0°C. POCI3 (2.75mL, 29.6mmol, 5eq) was added once again trying to complete the reaction. The mixture was stirred for an additional 20h at room temperature before being diluted with Et20 (20mL) and poured onto crushed ice. 1M HC1 aqueous solution (lOOmL) was added, and the mixture was extracted with Et20 (200mL & l OOmL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (lOOmL), dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated before being purified on silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 98:2 to 80:20) to afford compound 8 (1.46g, 46% yield) as an orange oil. Synthesis of compound 9

C15H12BrC102 M = 339.61 g.moF1

Mass: (GC-MS): 338-340

 

Figure imgf000054_0001

The synthesis of this product is described in J. Med. Chem. 2008, 51, 1 145—1149.Synthesis of compound 10

C15H14B1CIO M = 325.63 g.mof1

 

Figure imgf000054_0002

10 The synthesis of this product is described in J. Med. Chem. 2008, 51, 1145-1 149.

Synthesis of compound 11

C50H49CIO6 M = 781.37 g.moF1

Mass: ESI+): 798.20 (M + H20)

 

Figure imgf000054_0003

Under inert atmosphere, Mg powder (265mg, 10.9mmol, 2.4eq) was charged into a three necked flask, followed by addition of a portion of 1/3 of a solution of the 4- bromo-l-chloro-2-(4-ethylbenzyl)benzene (2.95g, 9.1mmol; 2eq) in dry THF (25mL) and 1 ,2-dibromoethane (10 mol % of Mg; 85mg; 0.45mmol). The mixture was heated to reflux. After the reaction was initiated (exothermic and consuming of Mg), the remaining solution of 2-(4-ethylbenzyl)-4-bromo-l-chlorobenzene in dry TFIF was added dropwise. The mixture was then allowed to react for another one hour under gentle reflux until most of the Mg was consumed.

The above Grignard reagent was added dropwise into the solution of cyclohexenone 8 (2.42g, 4.53mmol, leq) in dry THF (25mL) under inert atmosphere at room temperature (about 25°C), then allowed to react for 3h. A saturated aqueous solution of ammonium chloride was added into the mixture to quench the reaction. The mixture was extracted with Et20, washed with brine, dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 100:0 to 80:20) to afford the target compound 11 as a yellow oil (3.01g, 86%).

Synthesis of compound 12

C5oH49C105 M = 765.37 g.mol“1

+): 782.13 (M + H20)

 

Figure imgf000055_0001

Triethylsilane (0.210mL, 1.30mmol, 3eq) and boron-trifluoride etherate (48% BF3, O. l lOmL, 0.866mmol, 2eq) were successively added into a solution of alcohol 1 1 (338mg, 0.433mmol, leq) in dichloromethane (5mL) under inert atmosphere at -20°C. After stirring for 2.5h, a saturated aqueous solution of sodium chloride was added to quench the reaction. The mixture was extracted with CH2C12 (10mLx3) and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtrated and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 9.8:0.2 to 8:2) to afford the target compound 12 as a white powder (278 mg, 0.363mmol, 84%).

Synthesis of compound 13

C5oH5tC106 M = 783.39g.moF1

Mass: (ESI+): 800 (M + H20); 1581 (2M + H20)

Figure imgf000056_0001

Under inert atmosphere, borane-dimethyl sulfide complex (2M in THF, 16.7mL, 33mmol, 10.5eq) was added to a solution of 12 (2.41g; 3.15mmol, leq) in dry THF (lOOmL) cooled to 0°C. The reaction mixture was then refluxed for lh,cooled to 0°C and treated carefully with sodium hydroxide (3M in H20, 10.5mL, 31.5mmol, lOeq), followed by hydrogen peroxide (30% in H20, 3.2mL, 31.5mmol, l Oeq) at room temperature (above 30°C). The mixture was allowed to react overnight at room temperature (~25°C) before a saturated aqueous solution of ammonium chloride was added to quench the reaction. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 97:3 to 73:27) to afford the desired compound 13 (1.05g; 43%) as a yellowish oil.

Synthesis of compound 14

C50H49CIO6 M = 781.37g.mol“1

Mass: (ESI+): 798 (M + H20); 1471; 1579 (2M + H20)

 

Figure imgf000056_0002

13 14

Dess-Martin periodinane (81mg; 1.91mmol; 1.5eq) was added portion wise to a solution of alcohol 13 (l .Og; 1.28mmol, leq) in anhydrous dichloromethane (20mL) at 0°C. The reaction was then stirred overnight at room temperature before being quenched with IN aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 98:2 to 82: 18), to afford the target ketone 14 (783mg, 79% yield) as a colorless oil. Synthesis of compound 15

C5oH49ClF206 M = 803.37g.moF1

19 F NMR (CDCU, 282.5MHz): -100.3 (d, J=254Hz, IF, CFF); -1 13.3 (td, Jl=254Hz, J2=29Hz, IF, CFF).

Mass: (ESI+): 820.00 (M+H20)

 

Figure imgf000057_0001

14 15

A solution of ketone 14 (421mg, 0.539mmol, leq) in DAST (2mL, 16.3mmol, 30eq.) was stirred under inert atmosphere at 70°C for 12h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and dichloromethane was added. The solution was poured on a mixture of water, ice and solid NaHC03. Agitation was maintained for 30min while reaching room temperature. The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic phase was dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified on silica gel chromatography (cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 98:2 to 80:20) to afford the desired compound 15 as a yellowish oil ( 182mg, 42% yield).

Synthesis of compound 16

C22H25CIF2O5 M = 442.88g.mor1

19 F NMR (MeOD, 282.5MHz): -96.7 (d, J=254Hz, IF, CFF); 12.2 (td,

Jl=254Hz, J2=28Hz, IF, CFF).

Mass: (ESI+): 465.3 (M+Na)

 

Figure imgf000057_0002

o-Dichlorobenzene (0.320mL, 2.82mol, lOeq) followed by Pd/C 10% (0.342g, 0.32mol, l .leq) were added to a solution of 15 (228mg, 0.28mmol, leq) in a mixture of THF and MeOH (2: 1, v/v, 160mL). The reaction was placed under hydrogen atmosphere and stirred at room temperature for 2h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated before being purified on silica gel chromatography (dichloromethane/methanol 100: 1 to 90: 10) to afford compound 16 (105mg, 83% yield).

 …………………….
CN 103649033

Sirona Biochem’s SGLT Inhibitor Performs Better Than Johnson and Johnson’s SGLT Inhibitor, According to Study

Vancouver, British Columbia – December 7, 2012 – Sirona Biochem Corp. (TSX-V: SBM), announced its sodium glucose transporter (SGLT) inhibitor for Type 2 diabetes reduced blood glucose more effectively than Johnson and Johnson’s canagliflozin, an advanced SGLT inhibitor being considered for market approval in Europe and the U.S.  Studies compared Sirona Biochem’s SGLT Inhibitor, SBM-TFC-039, with canagliflozin and were conducted on Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats.

In the study, SBM-TFC-039 significantly and rapidly reduced blood glucose levels at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg.  Six (6) hours after administration, SBM-TFC-039 reduced blood glucose by 44% compared to canagliflozin at 26%.  SBM-TFC-039 also had a longer duration of effect than canagliflozin.  At 36 and 48 hours after treatment, SBM-TFC-039, at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg, was still effective at reducing blood glucose, whereas canagliflozin lost its effect after 36 hours.  Studies were conducted at the Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec (IUCPQ) by Principal Investigator Dr. Denis Richard, Research Chair on Obesity and Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy & Physiology at Laval University.

“SGLT Inhibitors are a ground-breaking new treatment for Type 2 diabetes and these results demonstrate that SBM-TFC-039 will be a significant competitor for other SGLT Inhibitors,” said Neil Belenkie, Chief Executive Officer of Sirona Biochem. “The first SGLT Inhibitor,Forxiga™, was approved last month by the European Commission.  We believe there is tremendous market potential worldwide for SGLT Inhibitors in the treatment of diabetes.”

SBM-TFC-039 is a sodium glucose transporter (SGLT) inhibitor.  SGLT inhibitors are a new class of drug candidates for the treatment of diabetes. In the kidneys, SGLT inhibitors reduce the reabsorption of glucose into the bloodstream by eliminating excess glucose into the urine.

About Sirona Biochem Corp.
Sirona Biochem is a biotechnology company developing diabetes therapeutics, skin depigmenting and anti-aging agents for cosmetic use, biological ingredients and cancer vaccine antigens.  The company utilizes a proprietary chemistry technique to improve pharmaceutical properties of carbohydrate-based molecules. For more information visit www.sironabiochem.com.

Laboratory – France
TFChem
Voie de l’innovation
Pharma Parc II
Chaussée du Vexin
27100 Val de Reuil
France

Phone:
+33(0)2.32.09.01.16
Fax:+33(0)2.32.25.07.64


 

……………………………………………………………………………….

Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.

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ALOGLIPTIN


Alogliptin.svg

 

ALOGLIPTIN

Alogliptin is a potent, selective inhibitor of DPP-4 with IC50 of <10 nM, exhibits greater than 10,000-fold selectivity over DPP-8 and DPP-9.

Alogliptin (trade name Nesina in the US[1] and Vipidia in Europe[2]) is an orally administered anti-diabetic drug in the DPP-4 inhibitor class,[3] developed by Syrrx, a company which was acquired by Takeda Pharmaceutical Company in 2005. Like other medications for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, alogliptin does not decrease the risk of heart attack and stroke. Like other members of the gliptin class, it causes little or no weight gain, exhibits relatively little risk of causing hypoglycemia, and exhibits relatively modest glucose-lowering activity. Alogliptin and other gliptins are commonly used in combination with metformin in patients whose diabetes cannot adequately be controlled with metformin alone.[4]

Clinical study

Alogliptin is a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) that is designed to slow the inactivation of incretin hormones GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1) and GIP (glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide). [5]

A randomized clinical trial reporting in 2011 aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of alogliptin versus placebo and vogliboseamong newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients in Japan. The main outcome indicated that alogliptin was statistically superior to both comparitors.[6]

A randomized clinical trial reporting in 2012 aimed to demonstrate that alogliptin was “non-inferior” to a “very low fat/calorie traditional Japanese diet” among newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients in Japan. The outcome indicated that both the drug and dietary treatments comparably impacted indicators of the diabetic condition, such as HbA1c levels and glycemic efficacy. The drug treatment had its impact without changing body mass index (BMI), but the dietary treatment was accompanied by a significant reduction in the BMI.[7]

A randomized clinical trial reporting in 2011 aimed to demonstrate the efficacy of alogliptin as an add-on agent in combination withmetformin and pioglitazone versus simply increasing the dosage of pioglitazone in combination with metformin; in other words, this was a study to look at a three-agent therapy versus a two-agent therapy. The outcome of this study suggested that the addition of alogliptin to metformin and pioglitazone provided superior impact on diabetes biomarkers (e.g. HbA1c) than increasing the dose of pioglitazone in a two agent therapy with metformin.[8]

Reported adverse events

Adverse events appear to be restricted to mild hypoglycemia based on clinical studies.[6][7][8]

Alogliptin is not associated with increased weight, increased risk of cardiovasular events, or heart failure.[9][10]

Market access

In December 2007, Takeda submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) for alogliptin to the United States Food and Drug Adminiistration (USFDA),[11] after positive results from Phase III clinical trials.[1] In September of 2008, the company also filed for approval in Japan,[12] winning approval in April 2010.[11] The company also filed a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) elsewhere outside the United States, which was withdrawn in June 2009 needing more data.[12] The first USFDA NDA failed to gain approval and was followed by a pair of NDAs (one for alogliptin and a second for a combination of alogliptin and pioglitazone) in July 2011.[11] In 2012, Takeda received a negative response from the USFDA on both of these NDAs, citing a need for additional data.[11]

In 2013 the FDA approved the drug in three formulations: As a stand-alone with the brand-name Nesina. Combined with metforminusing the name Kazano, and when combined with pioglitazone as Oseni.

Diabetes affects millions of people worldwide and is considered one of the main threats to human health in the 21st century. In 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that over 180 million people worldwide had diabetes, and the number is projected to double by 2030. Over time, uncontrolled diabetes can damage body systems, including the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves. According to the WHO, approximately 1.1 million people died from diabetes in 2005, and it is estimated that diabetes-related deaths will increase by more than 50% in the next decade. Globally, the socioeconomic burden of diabetes is substantial.

There are two main types of diabetes, designated type 1 and type 2, with type 2 diabetes accounting for over 90% of all diabetes cases globally. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by insulin deficiency, primarily caused by autoimmune-mediated destruction of pancreatic islet β-cells, and type 2 diabetes is characterized by abnormal insulin secretion and concomitant insulin resistance. To prevent the development of ketoacidosis, people with type 1 diabetes must take exogenous insulin for survival. Although those with type 2 diabetes are not dependent on exogenous insulin as much as subjects with type 1 diabetes, they may require exogenous insulin to control blood glucose levels.

As diabetes has become a global health concern, research interest in the condition has rapidly increased. In addition to studies on prevention, many studies with the aim of developing new interventions for the treatment of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, have been conducted. Currently available medications for the treatment and management of type 2 diabetes include metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones and insulin. However, these therapies are commonly associated with secondary failure and may cause hypoglycemia. Insulin resistance and progressively worsening hyperglycemia caused by reduced β-cell function are major challenges in managing type 2 diabetes. Evidence suggests that patients with insulin resistance do not develop hyperglycemia until their β-cells are unable to produce enough insulin. New agents that can enhance insulin secretion from islet β-cells in a sustained glucose-dependent manner could therefore hold promise for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

One promising approach is based on inhibition of the serine protease dipeptidyl- peptidase IV (DPP IV), a postproline dipeptidyl aminopeptidase that belongs to the S9b peptidase family of proteolytic enzymes. It is known that DPP IV plays a key role in maintaining glucose homeostasis by controlling the incretin activity of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-I) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP, also known as gastric inhibitory polypeptide). Inhibition of DPP IV is therefore recognized as a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Recently, a series of DPP IV inhibitors were developed. Among these highly potent compounds, alogliptin benzoate (SYR-322) and its analogs demonstrated encouraging antidiabetic efficacy (EP 1586571 (WO 2005/095381); WO 2008/067465; WO 2007/035379, and US 2004/097510).

Alogliptin benzoate can be prepared as described in EP 1586571 (WO 2005/095381) according to the process set forth in Scheme 1 :

Figure imgf000004_0001

Scheme 1

In accordance with this process, 6-Chlorouracil (1) is alkylated with 2- (bromomethyl)benzonitrile in the presence of NaH and LiBr in a mixture of DMF- DMSO to produce the TV-benzyluracil derivative (2) in 54% yield. Compound (2) is further alkylated with iodomethane and NaH in DMF/THF to give the 1 ,3 disubstituted uracil (3) in 72% yield. Subsequent displacement of chlorouracil (IV) with 3(R)- aminopiperidine dihydrochloride in the presence of either NaHCO3 in hot methanol or K2CO3 in aqueous isopropanol provides alogliptin (4), which is isolated as the corresponding benzoate salt by treatment with benzoic acid in ethanol. The overall yield of this three-stage process is -20-25%. One of the disadvantages of above described process is the difficulty to separate and purify mixtures of solvents with high boiling point (for example, DMF/DMSO) for recycling. Another disadvantage is the usage of hazardous materials such as sodium hydride, which requires anhydrous solvents as a reaction media.

Intermediate 2-((6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3 ,4-dihydropyrimidin- 1 (2H)-yl)methyl) benzonitrile (3) is alternatively obtained by alkylation of 6-chloro-3 methyluracil with 2-(bromomethyl)benzonitrile by means of diisopropylethylamine in hot NMP (WO 2007/035629). Although this process is more technological than the previously described process (EP 1586571), the overall yield is still moderate (50-55%). The problem of mixed solvents (toluene, NMP, diisopropylethylamine) separation persists for this process as well.

………….

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2410855A1?cl=en

EXAMPLE 1

Preparation of (R)-2-((6-(3 -aminopiperidin-l-yl)-3 -methyl-2,4-dioxo-3 ,4- dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl) methyl)benzonitrile (alogliptin) via 6-chloro-l-(2- isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione (Scheme 3):

Figure imgf000025_0001

Scheme 3

Preparation of l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylurea

2-cyanobenzylamine hydrochloride (90 g) and Dichloromethane (800 ml) were taken into a round bottomed (RB) flask. Methyl isocyanate (45.6 g) was added at 5°C. Triethylamine (81 g) in Dichloromethane (300 ml) was added at the same temperature and stirred at room temperature for 16h. Water (1 L) was added and stirred for 30 min. The obtained solid was collected by filtration and dried in oven at 50°C for 12h. The yield is 85% and the purity 99.8%.

Preparation of l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methyIpyrimidine-2,4,6(lH,3H,5H)-trione

a). To a stirred solution of 0.11 mol of sodium ethanolate in 80 ml of ethanol abs. was added 0.1 mol of l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylurea and 0.1 mol diethyl malonate. The mixture was refluxed for 3-5 h. The cooled residue was acidified with 0.1 M hydrochloric acid (60 ml). The solid which separated was filtered off and recrystallized from ethanol or any suitable solvent. The yield is 78-85% and purity >95%.

b). In an alternate embodiment, l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylurea (30 g), acetic acid (105 ml) and malonic acid (18 g) were mixed and heated to 60°C. Acetic anhydride (60 ml) was added at 60°C and heating was continued for two hours at 80°C. The reaction mixture was poured over ice water (300 ml) and the obtained solid was filtered, washed with water (1×500 ml) and methyl-tert-butylether (100 ml). The yield is 60% with 93.4% purity.

The compound thus prepared can be used for the next step without purification or purified by crystallization or column chromatography.

Preparation of 6-chloro-l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyriinidine-2,4(lH,3H)- dione

a). l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4,6(lH,3H,5H)-trione (30 g) was mixed with phosphorus oxychloride (300 ml) and cooled to 0°C. Water (9 ml) was added slowly, stirred for 10 min. and heated to reflux at 110°C for 5h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC (50% Ethyl acetate/Hexane). On completion of the reaction, phosphorus oxychloride was distilled off. The crude compound was dissolved in dichloromethane (500 ml) and poured into ice water (500 ml) by small portions. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (200 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The mixture of two isomers (4-chloro and 6-chloro derivatives = 1:1) was isolated and separated by column chromatography using neutral alumina and eluent – 25-50% of ethylacetate and hexane). The off-white solid was obtained, yield – 37%, purity – 99.8%. 1H NMR corresponds to literature data (J. Med. Chem. 2007, 50, 2297-2300).

b). In an alternate embodiment, a solution of l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine- 2,4,6(1 H,3H,5H)-trione (18 mmol), phosphorus oxychloride (85 ml), benzyltriethylammonium chloride (16.5 g, 72 mmol) and phosphorus pentachloride (3.8 g, 18 mol) in acetonitrile (80 ml) was refluxed for 4-5 h with stirring. After evaporation under reduced pressure, the resulting oily residue was mixed with methylene chloride (or chloroform) and the mixture was poured into water and ice (50 ml). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (200 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. Crude product was crystallized from THF-hexanes to give desired compound in 70.5% yield.

c). In an alternate embodiment, a solution of l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine- 2,4,6(1 H,3H,5H)-trione (13.1 mmol) in POCl3 (30 ml) was refluxed for 1-3 h. The solvent was concentrated and then partitioned with CH2Cl2 (100 ml) and water (100 ml). The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to give 6-chloro compound as a solid (-95%). Compound can be also precipitated from concentrated methylene chloride solution by hexanes and used as a crude for the next step or purified by reslurring in isopropanol, filtered off, washed with isopropanol, and dried under vacuum at 55-60° C.

Preparation of (R)-tert-butyl l-(3-(2-isocyanobenzyI)-l-methyl-2,6-dioxo-l,2,3,6- tetrahydropyrimidin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl carbamate

a). 6-chloro- l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione (13 g), Dimethylformamide (130 ml), Potassium carbonate (13 g) and tert-butyl (R)-piperidin- 3-ylcarbamate (10.4 g) were heated to 80°C for 7 hrs. The mixture was then allowed to come to room temperature and poured over ice water (500 ml). The obtained solid was filtered and washed with cold water (500 ml). The solid thus obtained was taken in Methyl-tert-butylether (50 ml) stirred for 10 min. filtered and washed with Hexane (50 ml), to give the N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl protected compound in -75% yield. b). In an alternate embodiment, a flask charged with a stir bar, 6-chloro-l-(2- isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione (4.10 mmol), (Λ)-3- terrtnityloxycarbonylaminopiperidine (4.64 mmol), K2CO3 (1.15 g, 8.32 mmol) and DMF (12 mL) was stirred at 75 °C for 6 h. Then, water was added and the mixture was extracted with methylene chloride. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to give the N-ter/butyloxycarbonyl protected compound in -93-96% yield.

Preparation of (R)-2-((6-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4- dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl) methyl)benzonitrile salts

a). Preparation of (R)-2-((6-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4- dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl) methyl)benzonitrile hydrochloride

The crude (R)-tert-butyl l-(3-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-l-methyl-2,6-dioxo-l,2,3,6- tetrahydropyrimidin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl carbamate from previous procedure was dissolved in THF and acidified with 6M hydrochloric acid while maintaining the temperature below 15° C. The resultant slurry was cooled to 0-5° C, stirred at this temperature for 3-5 h and then filtered. The filter cake was washed twice with isopropanol and dried in vacuum at 45-5O0C to provide hydrochloride as a white crystalline solid.

b). Preparation of (R)-2-((6-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4- dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl) methyl)benzonitrile trifluoroacetate

TFA (ImL) was added into the methylene chloride solution of (R)-tert-butyl l-(3-(2- isocyanobenzyl)- 1 -methyl-2,6-dioxo- 1 ,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl carbamate from the above-mentioned procedure. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and then the mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in a small amount of MeOH or isopropanol and the desired salt was precipitated by addition of diisopropyl ether. The solids were filtered off, washed with diisopropyl ether and dried in vacuum at 45-5O0C to provide trifluoroacetate as an off- white powder. c). Preparation of (R)-2-((6-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4- dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl) methyl)benzonitrile benzoate (Alogliptin)

The crude (R)-tert-butyl l-(3-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-l-methyl-2,6-dioxo-l,2,3,6- tetrahydropyrimidin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl carbamate was dissolved in ethanol. A solution of benzoic acid in ethanol was added and the mixture was slowly heated to 65-70°C. The solution was stirred at this temperature for Ih and was then crystallized by cooling to 0-5° C and stirring for 12 hrs. The solution was filtered, washed with alcohol. The wet cake was then conditioned under nitrogen for 2 hours. The cake was dried for 8 hrs at 40-50° C to provide the benzoic acid salt of alogliptin as a white crystalline solid.

EXAMPLE 2:

Preparation of (R)-2-((6-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4- dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl) methyl)benzonitrile (alogliptin) via 6-amino-l-(2- isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione (Scheme 4)

Figure imgf000029_0001
Figure imgf000029_0002

Scheme 4 Preparation of 6-amino-l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)- dione

a). l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylurea (0.2 mol) and cyanoacetic acid (0.22 mol) were dissolved in acetic anhydride (400 ml), and the mixture was heated at 80°C for 2 hours. Acetic anhydride was distilled off under reduced pressure and water (200 ml) was added. The mixture was cooled to 0-5 0C and 2N NaOH solution (220 ml) was added and stirring was continued for 2 hours. The obtained solids were filtered off, washed with cold methanol and dried under vacuum. The yield of 6-amino-l-(2- isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione was 72 %.

b). Under nitrogen atmosphere, l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylurea (98.4 g) and cyanoacetic acid (80.0 g) was added to N,N-dimethylformamide (836 ml). The mixture was stirred at room temperature and methanesulfonyl chloride (72.8 ml) was added dropwise with stirring at this temperature. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hrs, cooled with water, and water-isopropanol [2:1 (volume ratio), 1670 ml] was added drop wise. The mixture was stirred under water-cooling for 1 hr, and the precipitated crystals were collected by filtration and dried to give 3-(2-cyano-acetyl)-3- methyl-l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-urea with 68% yield.

To 3-(2-cyano-acetyl)-3-methyl-l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-urea (120 g) were added water (962 ml) and 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (24.9 ml), and the mixture was stirred with heating at 80° C for 1 hr. After allowing to cool to room temperature, the crystals were collected by filtration and dried to give 6-amino-l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3- methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione in 76% yield.

c). 6-amino-l-(2-isocyanobenzyl)-3-methylpyrimidine-2,4(lH,3H)-dione (0.1 mol) was mixed with (R)-piperidin-3-yl-carbamic acid tert.-butyl ester hydrochloride (0.1 mol) of the appropriate amine hydrochloride and (R)-piperidin-3-yl-carbamic acid tert.-butyl ester (0.1 mol). The mixture was heated at 100°C and bubbling continued for 3 hr. Water was added to the cooled mixture and the mixture was extracted with methylene chloride. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to give N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl protected compound in ~93-96% yield.

d). Benzoate salt of alogliptin was prepared as described above. While certain embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be clear that the invention is not limited to the embodiments described herein. Numerous modifications, changes, variations, substitutions and equivalents will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as described by the claims, which follow.

………………

Patent EP2410855A1

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2410855A1?cl=en

…………..

http://photo.blog.sina.com.cn/list/blogpic.php?pid=53891ebegd4e8671b28dc&bid=53891ebe0101grmv&uid=1401495230

 

NMR

Alogliptin.png

SOURCE  APEXBT

NMR

 

NMR

References

  1.  “Takeda Submits New Drug Application for Alogliptin (SYR-322) in the U.S.” (Press release). Takeda Pharmaceutical Company. January 4, 2008. Retrieved January 9, 2008.
  2.  Vipidia: EPAR summary for the public (European Medicines Agency)
  3. Feng, Jun; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Wallace, Michael B.; Stafford, Jeffrey A.; Kaldor, Stephen W.; Kassell, Daniel B.; Navre, Marc; Shi, Lihong; Skene, Robert J.; Asakawa, Tomoko; Takeuchi, Koji; Xu, Rongda; Webb, David R.; Gwaltney II, Stephen L. (2007). “Discovery of alogliptin: a potent, selective, bioavailable, and efficacious inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase IV”. J. Med. Chem.50 (10): 2297–2300.doi:10.1021/jm070104l.PMID 17441705.
  4.  “www.aace.com” (PDF).
  5. http://www.takeda.com/news/2013/20130618_5841.html
  6.  Seino, Yutaka; Fujita, Tetsuya; Hiroi, Shinzo; Hirayama, Masashi; Kaku, Kohei (September 2011), “Efficacy and safety of alogliptin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized, double-blind, dose-ranging comparison with placebo, followed by a long-term extension study (abstract only)”, Current Medical Research and Opinion 27 (9): 1781–1792,doi:10.1185/03007995.2011.599371,PMID 21806314, retrieved April 26,2012
  7.  Kutoh, Eiji; Ukai, Yasuhiro (2012),“Alogliptin as an initial therapy in patients with newly diagnosed, drug naïve type 2 diabetes: a randomized, control trial (abstract only)”, Endocrine(January 17, 2012), doi:10.1007/s12020-012-9596-0, PMID 22249941, retrieved April 26, 2012
  8. Bosi, Emanuele; Ellis, G.C.; Wilson, C.A.; Fleck, P.R. (October 2011), “Alogliptin as a third oral antidiabetic drug in patients with type 2 diabetes and inadequate glycaemic control on metformin and pioglitazone: a 52-week, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel-group study”, Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism (October 27, 2011) 13 (12): 1088–1096, doi:10.1111/j.1463-1326.2011.01463.x, retrieved April 26,2012
  9.  White WB, Cannon CP, Heller SR et al. (October 2013). “Alogliptin after acute coronary syndrome in patients with type 2 diabetes”. N. Engl. J. Med. 369(14): 1327–35.doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1305889.PMID 23992602.
  10.  White WB, Zannad F (January 2014). “Saxagliptin, alogliptin, and cardiovascular outcomes”. N. Engl. J. Med. 370 (5): 484.doi:10.1056/NEJMc1313880.PMID 24482824.
  11.  Grogan, Kevin (April 26, 2012),“FDA wants yet more data on Takeda diabetes drug alogliptin”,PharmaTimes (PharmaTimes), PharmaTimes online, retrieved April 26,2012
  12. “GEN News Highlights: Takeda Pulls MAA for Type 2 Diabetes Therapy”. Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News. June 4, 2009.
EP1083172A1 * May 26, 1998 Mar 14, 2001 Rimma Iliinichna Ashkinazi N-substituted derivatives of 5-oxyiminobarbituric acid
US2598936 * Apr 13, 1950 Jun 3, 1952 Searle & Co Disubstituted cyanoalkanoylureas and thioureas and methods for their production
US6066641 * Dec 12, 1995 May 23, 2000 Euro-Celtique S.A. Aryl thioxanthines
US6248746 * Jan 7, 1999 Jun 19, 2001 Euro-Celtique S.A. 3-(arylalkyl) xanthines
US20080194593 * Jan 11, 2008 Aug 14, 2008 Rao Kalla A2b adenosine receptor antagonists
WO1994003456A1 * Aug 5, 1993 Feb 17, 1994 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Asymmetrically substituted xanthine with adenosine-antagonistic properties
WO2001029010A1 * Oct 18, 2000 Apr 26, 2001 Amjad Ali Gram-positive selective antibacterial compounds, compositions containing such compounds and methods of treatment
WO2007035629A2 * Sep 15, 2006 Mar 29, 2007 Takeda Pharmaceutical Process for the preparation of pyrimidinedione derivatives
WO2007150011A2 * Jun 22, 2007 Dec 27, 2007 Smithkline Beecham Corp Prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors
Alogliptin
Alogliptin.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
2-({6-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl}methyl)benzonitrile
Clinical data
Trade names Nesina, Vipidia
Kazano, Vipidomet (withmetformin)
Oseni, Incresync (withpioglitazone)
Pregnancy
category
  • US: B (No risk in non-human studies)
Legal status
  • (Prescription only)
Routes of
administration
Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 100%
Protein binding 20%
Metabolism Limited, hepatic (CYP2D6– and3A4-mediated)
Biological half-life 12–21 hours
Excretion Renal (major) and fecal (minor)
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number 850649-62-6 Yes BENZOATE850649-61-5 FREE BASE
ATC code A10BH04
PubChem CID: 11450633
IUPHAR/BPS 6319
ChemSpider 9625485 Yes
UNII JHC049LO86 Yes
KEGG D06553 Yes
ChEBI CHEBI:72323 
ChEMBL CHEMBL376359 Yes
Synonyms SYR-322
Chemical data
Formula C18H21N5O2
Molecular mass 339.39 g/mol

 

Alogliptin benzoate

MF: C18H21N5O2.C7H6O2
MW: 461.519
Melting Point: 185-188°C
Optical Rotation: -56.3° (c=1, MeOH)

Solubility:Soluble in MeOH; Insoluble in ACN

850649-62-6  CAS

 

Alogliptin

    • Synonyms:SYR-322
    • ATC:A10BH04
  • Use:antidiabetic, DPP-4 inhibitor
  • Chemical name:2-[[5-[(3R)-3-amino-1-piperidinyl]-3,4-dihydro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-2H-pyrimidin-1(2H)-yl]methyl]benzonitrile
  • Formula:C18H21N5O2
  • MW:339.40 g/mol
  • CAS-RN:850649-61-5

Derivatives

benzoate

  • Formula:C19H19NO2
  • MW:293.37 g/mol
  • CAS-RN:850649-62-6

Substance Classes

Synthesis Path

Substances Referenced in Synthesis Path

CAS-RN Formula Chemical Name CAS Index Name
22115-41-9 C8H6BrN 2-(bromomethyl)benzonitril
C12H8ClN3O2 2-[[6-chloro-3,4-dihydro-2,4-dioxo-1(2H)-pyrimidinyl]methyl]benzonitrile
C13H10ClN3O2 2-[[6-chloro-3,4-dihydro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-1(2H)-pyrimidinyl]methyl]benzonitrile
4270-27-3 C4H3ClN2O2 6-chloro-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione
74-88-4 CH3I methyl iodide Methane, iodo-
127294-73-9 C5H12N2 (3R)-3-piperidinamine

Trade Names

Country Trade Name Vendor Annotation
J Nesina Takeda ,2010

Formulations

  • tabl. 12.5 and 25 mg

References

    • Feng, J. et al.: J. Med. Chem. (JMCMAR) 50, 2297-2300 (2007).
    • WO 2 005 095 381 (SYRRX; 13.10.2005; appl. 15.12.2004; USA-prior. 15.3.2004).
    • WO 2 010 109 468 (MAPI Pharma; 30.9.2010; appl. 25.3.2010; USA-prior. 26.3.2009).
  • solid preparation comprising Alogliptin and Pioglitazone:

    • US 20 100 092 551 (Takeda Pharm.; 15.4.2010; appl. 30.1.2008; J-prior. 1.2.2007).
  • solid preparation comprising Alogliptin and Metformin:

    • US 20 200 136 127 (Takeda Pharm.; 3.6.2010; appl. 16.7.2008; J-prior. 19.7.2007).

 

09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON

He was only in first standard in school when I was hit by a deadly one in a million spine stroke called acute transverse mylitis, it made me 90% paralysed and bound to a wheel chair, Now I keep him as my source of inspiration and helping millions, thanks to millions of my readers who keep me going and help me to keep my son happy

GEMIGLIPTIN


Structure of gemigliptin (LC15-0444).svg

GEMIGLIPTIN

1-[2(S)-Amino-4-[2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-4-oxobutyl]-5,5-difluoropiperidin-2-one

PHASE 3, DPP-IV inhibitor, Lg Life Sciences Ltd.

CAS 911637-19-9

Mol. Formula:   C18H19F8N5O2

Mol. Weight:489.36

Gemigliptin (rINN), previously identified as LC15-0444, is an oral anti-hyperglycemic agent (anti-diabetic drug) of the new dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class of drugs.[1] It is well known that glucose lowering effects of DPP-4 inhibitors are mainly mediated by GLP-1 and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) incretin hormones which are inactivated by DPP-4.

Gemigliptin was initially developed solely by LG Life Sciences. In 2010, Double-Crane Pharmaceutical Co. (DCPC) joined with LGLS to co-develop the final compound and collaborate on the marketing of the drug in China. LGLS also announced on Nov., 2010 that NOBEL Ilac has been granted rights to develop and commercialize gemigliptin in Turkey.

Gemigliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26; DPP-IV; DP-IV) inhibitor, is currently undergoing phase III clinical trials at LG Life Sciences as an oral treatment for type II diabetes. The company is also testing the compound in phase II/III clinical studies for the treatment of patients with cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury.

DPP IV inhibitors have glucose-lowering effects mediated by GLP-1 incretin hormone which is inactivated by DPP IV. In 2010, gemigliptin was licensed to Beijing Double-Crane Pharmaceutical by LG Life Sciences for distribution and supply in China for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

New Drug Application (NDA) for gemigliptin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes was submitted to the Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) in July 2011. Then on June 27, 2012, the KFDA has approved the manufacture and distribution of LG Life Sciences’ diabetes treatment, Zemiglo, the main substance of which is gemigliptin. Clinical trials for evaluating the safety and efficacy of gemigliptin in combination with metformin have been completed.

…………

Efficient synthesis of gemigliptin, a potent and selective DPP-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, has been developed. Gemigliptin were prepared from two key API starting materials, DP18 and DP57, in 75~80% yield and >99% purity over three steps under the GMP control: coupling, deprotection of N-Boc group, and final crystallization with L-tartaric acid. All steps were conducted in the same solvent system and the intermediates were isolated by simple filtration without distillation of solvent. The established process was validated obviously through the three consecutive batches for a commercial production.

………..IN CASE IMAGES NOT VISIBLE …….SEE THIS AT ………http://www.allfordrugs.com/2015/07/06/gemigliptin/

GO TO MY OTHER SITE FOR SYNTHESIS

(3S)-3-amino-4-(5,5-difluoro-2-oxopiperidino)-1-[2,4-di(trifluoromethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]butan-1-one
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 94% (rat), 73% (dog), 26% (monkey)
Biological half-life 3.6 h (rat), 5.2 h (dog), 5.4 h (monkey)
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number 911637-19-9 
ATC code A10BH06
PubChem CID: 11953153
ChemSpider 10127461 Yes
UNII 5DHU18M5D6 
Synonyms LC15-0444
Chemical data
Formula C18H19F8N5O2
Molecular mass 489.36 g/mol

……………….

History

The NDA for gemigliptin was submitted to KFDA in July, 2011 and it was approved on June 27, 2012. By the end of 2012, gemigliptin will be marketed in Korea as Zemiglo which is the fifth new DPP-4 inhibitor diabetes treatment in the world.

Mechanism of action

DPP-4 is a serine protease located on the cell surfaces throughout the body. In plasma, DPP-4 enzyme rapidly inactivates incretins including GLP-1 and GIP which are produced in the intestine depending on the blood glucose level and contribute to the physiological regulation of glucose homeostatis. Active GLP-1 and GIP increase the production and release of insulin by pancreatinc beta cells. GLP-1 also reduces the scretion of glucacon by pancreatic alpha cells, thereby resulting in a decreased hepatic glucose production. However these incretins are rapidly cleaved by DPP-4 and their effects last only for a few minutes. DPP-4 inhibitors block the cleavage of the gliptins and thus lead to an increasee insulin level and a reduced glucagon level in a glucose-dependent way. This results in a decrease of fasting and postprandial glycemia, as well as HbA1c levels.[2]

Preclinical studies

Gemigliptin is a competitive, reversible DPP-4 inhibitor (IC50 = 16 nM) with excellent selectivity over other critical human proteases such as DPP-2, DPP-8DPP-9elastase,trypsinurokinase and cathepsin G. Gemigliptin was rapidly absorbed after single oral dosing and the compound was eliminated with a half-life of 3.6 h, 5.2 h, and 5.4 h in the rat, dog, and monkey, respectively.

The bioavailability of gemigliptin in the rat, dog, and monkey was species-dependent with the values of 94%, 73%, and 26%, respectively. Following the oral administration of gemigliptin in the rat, dog and monkey, about 80% inhibition of plasma DPP-4 activity were observed at the plasma levels of 18 nM, 14 nM and 4 nM, respectively.

In the diet-induced obese (DIO) mice, gemigliptin reduced glucose excursion during OGTT in a dose dependent manner with the minimum effective dose of 0.3 mg/kg and enhanced glucose-stimulated plasma GLP-1 increase in a dose dependent manner reaching the maximum effect at the dose of 1 mg/kg.

Following 4 week oral repeat dosing in the DIO mice, gemigliptin reduced significantly HbA1c with the minimum effective dose of 3 mg/kg. In the beagle dog, gemigliptin significantly enhanced active GLP-1, decreased glucagon, and reduced glucose excursion during OGTT following a single dosing.

Studies on animals suggest its positive effect on hepatic and renal fibrosis .[3][4] Data on human patients are still inconclusive .[5]

Clinical studies

The dose-range finding phase 2 study was performed and 145 patients (91men and 54 women) with type 2 diabetes mellitus were enrolled. All three doses (50,100 and 200 mg groups) of gemigliptin significantly reduced the HbA1c from baseline compared to the placebo group without a significant difference between the doses.

Subjects with a higher baseline HbA1c (≥8.5%) had a greater reduction in HbA1c. Insulin secretory function, as assessed using homeostasis model assessment-beta cell, C-peptide and the insulinogenic index, improved significantly with gemigliptin treatment. Insulin sensitivity, as assessed using homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, also improved significantly after 12 weeks of treatment.

The 50 and 200 mg groups had significantly reduced total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels at 12 weeks compared to the placebo group.

The incidences of adverse events were similar in all study subjects. Gemigliptin monotherapy (50 mg for 12 weeks) improved the HbA1cFPG level, oral glucose tolerance testresults, β-cell function and insulin sensitivity measures, and was well tolerated in subjects with type 2 diabetes.

Results of Phase 3 clinical trials which have been finished recently will be updated near future.

…………..

WO 2006104356

 http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2006104356A1?cl=en

EXAMPLE 83: Synthesis of l-(f2SV2-amino-4-r2.4-bisftrifluoromethylV5.8-dihvdropyridor3.4-d]pyrimidin-7f6H)

-yl1-4-oxobutyll-5.5-difluoropiperidin-2-one [1960]

Figure imgf000147_0001

[1961] 21 mg of the title compound was obtained in a yield of 56% at the same manner as in EXAMPLE 1, except that 42 mg (0.071 mmol) of t-butyl

{(lS)-3-[2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)-5,8-dihydropyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-7(6H)-yl]-l-[(5,5

-difluoro-2-oxpiperidin-l-yl)methyl]-3-oxpropyl}carbamate obtained in

PREPARATION 143 was used. [1962] 1K NMR (CD3OD) δ 5.05-4.92 (2H, m), 3.98-3.91 (2H, m), 3.85-3.79 (2H, m),

3.70-3.59 (2H, m), 3.54-3.48 (IH, m), 3.36-3.33 (2H, m), 3.24 (IH, bra), 3.14 (IH, bra), 2.83-2.76 (IH, m), 2.72-2.53 (3H, m), 2.43-2.34 (2H, m) [1963] Mass (m/e) 490 (M+l)

[1964]

[1965] PREPARATION 144: Synthesis of t-butyl

(riSV3-r2.4-bisrtrifluoromethylV5.8-dihvdropyridor3.4-d]pyrimidin-7r6HVyl]-l-(rr2 S)-2-methyl-5-oxomorpholin-4-yl1methyl 1 -3-oxpropyl 1 carbamate

[1966] 14 mg of the title compound was obtained in a yield of 17% at the same manner as in PREPARATION 45, except that 43.7 mg (0.138 mmol) of (3S)-3-[(t-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-[2(S)-2-methyl-5-oxomoφholin-4-yl]-butanoic acid obtained in PREPARATION 55 and 42.5 mg (0.138 mmol) of 2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidine hydrochloric acid salt (product of PREPARATION 127) were used.

[1967] 1K NMR (CDCl3) δ 5.85-5.83 (IH, m), 5.09-4.92 (IH, m), 4.95-4.78 (IH, m),

4.23-4.08 (3H, m), 4.04-3.76 (3H, m), 3.73-3.66 (IH, m), 3.46-3.38 (IH, m), 3.36-3.21 (2H, m), 3.18-3.10 (2H, m), 2.96-2.81 (IH, m), 2.61-2.50 (IH, m), 1.43-1.41 (9H, m), 1.28-1.24 (3H, m)

[1968] Mass (m/e) 470 (M+l-Boc)

…………..

WO 2012030106

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2012030106A2?cl=en

Reaction Scheme 1

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000001

PREPARATION 1: Synthesis of diethyl 2,2-difluoropentanedioate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000014

To a solution of ethyl bromodifluoroacetate (33.2 g) in tetrahydrofuran (94.0 g) was added ethyl acrylate (8.2 g) and copper powder (10.9 g). After heating to 50℃, TMEDA (9.5 g) was added dropwise and the reaction mixture was then stirred for 3 hours at the same temperature. Upon disappearance of ethyl acrylate as the starting material, to the reaction solution was added methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE, 73.7 g) followed by addition of 10% aqueous ammonium chloride solution (49.8 g) dropwise, and the mixture was then stirred for 30 minutes. The remaining copper residue was removed by filtration through a celite, and methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE, 66.3 g) was added to separate the layers. The separated organic layer was washed successively with 10% aqueous NH4Cl solution (66.3 g) and 3 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (99.6 g) in order and then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 55.0 g of the desired title compound.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.37 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 2.37-2.49 (m, 2H), 2.55 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.16 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.29 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 2H).

PREPARATION 2: Synthesis of ethyl 4,4-difluoro-5-hydroxypentanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000015

14.8 g of the compound obtained from the above Preparation 1 was diluted with ethanol (20.4 g) and tetrahydrofuran (69.1 g) and then cooled to 0℃. To this solution was slowly added sodium borohydride (NaBH4, 3.5 g) stepwise while keeping the internal temperature below 30℃. After confirming completion of the reaction by 1H NMR, the reaction solution was cooled to the temperature of 10℃ and 10% aqueous ammonium chloride solution (77.7 g) was slowly added. The remaining boron compound was filtered through celite, and the filtrate was distilled under reduced pressure to remove tetrahydrofuran. Then, ethyl acetate (105.2 g) was added to separate the layers, and the organic layer was distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 10.8 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.23 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 2.15-2.29 (m, 2H), 2.49 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.69 (t, J=12.0 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (q, J=4.0 Hz, 2H).

EXAMPLE 1: Synthesis of ethyl 4,4-difluoro-5-{[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]oxy}- pentanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000016

To the solution of 10.8 g of the compound, as obtained from the above Preparation 2, dissolved in dichloromethane (100.2 g) was added pyridine (7.0 g), and then the mixture was cooled to -5.0℃. After completion of cooling, trifluoromethane sulfonic acid anhydride (20.1 g) was slowly added dropwise while keeping the reaction temperature below 6.3℃. After stirring the reaction solution for 30 minutes, 1.5 N hydrochloric acid solution was added dropwise at 0℃ to separate the layers. The aqueous layer as separated was back-extracted twice with dichloromethane (33.4 g), and the extracts were combined with the organic layer separated from the above and then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 19.7 g of the title compound as a yellow oil.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 2.29-2.39 (m, 2H), 2.59 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.18 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.55 (t, J=11.6 Hz, 2H).

EXAMPLE 2-1: Synthesis of ethyl 4,4-difluoro-5-{[(nonafluorobutyl)sulfonyl]- oxy}pentanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000017

To the solution of 100.0 g of the compound, as obtained from the above Preparation 2, dissolved in dichloromethane (300.0 ml) was added pyridine (65.7 g), and the mixture was then cooled to -10.0℃. After completion of cooling, nonafluorobutanesulfonic anhydride (477.4 g) was slowly added dropwise. After stirring the reaction solution for 3 hours, 1.0 N hydrochloric acid solution (300.0 ml) was added dropwise to separate the layers. The aqueous layer as separated was back extracted once with dichloromethane (500.0 ml), and the extracts were combined with the organic layer separated from the above and then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 177.5 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, 3H, J=7.3 Hz), 2.30-2.36 (m, 2H), 2.58 (t, 2H, J=7.4 Hz), 4.16 (q, 2H, J=7.3 Hz), 4.57 (t, 2H, J=11 Hz).

EXAMPLE 2-2: Synthesis of ethyl 4,4-difluoro-5-{[(nonafluorobutyl)sulfonyl]- oxy}pentanoate

To the solution of 500.0 g of the compound, as obtained from the above Preparation 2, dissolved in dichloromethane (1000.0 ml) was added triethylamine (389.0 g), and the mixture was then cooled to 0℃. After completion of cooling, perfluorobutanesulfonyl chloride (948.80 g) was slowly added dropwise. The reaction solution was stirred for 3 hours at room temperature, distilled under reduced pressure, dissolved in methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE, 3000.0 ml) and then washed three times with water. The organic layer thus obtained was dehydrated with magnesium sulfate, filtered through a celite and then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 960.0 g of the title compound.

EXAMPLE 3: Synthesis of methyl (2S)-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-oxo- pentanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000018

To 25.0 g of the starting material, (3S)-3-[(t-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-oxo- pentanoic acid, was added t-butanol (96.9 g) followed by the addition of Boc2O (25.4 g) and dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP, 62.0 g, 0.5 mol%) at room temperature, and the reaction mixture was then stirred for 23 hours at 40℃. Upon completion of the reaction, ethylene dichloride (62.3 g) in t-butanol was added, and the mixture was then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 30.7 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 2.71 (dd, J=4.8, 16.4 Hz, 1H), 2.88 (dd, J=4.4, 16.4 Hz, 1H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 4.53 (m, 1H), 5.44 (br d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H).

EXAMPLE 4: Synthesis of tert-butyl (3S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy- butanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000019

30.7 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 3 was dissolved in ethanol (112.3 g) and, after lowering the internal temperature to 10.5℃ sodium borohydride (NaBH4, 5.7 g) was slowly added dropwise. This reaction solution was stirred while maintaining the temperature below 22℃. After confirming completion of the reaction by 1H NMR and TLC, to the reaction solution was slowly added 3.0 N hydrochloric acid solution (30.7 g) dropwise at the internal temperature of 10℃ followed by addition of diluted 0.2% hydrochloric acid solution (100.0 g). The reaction solution was adjusted to pH 3~4 with addition of 9.0% aqueous hydrochloric acid solution, and then back-extracted twice with ethyl acetate (100.0 g) and toluene (44.0 g). The organic layer thus obtained was distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 25.1 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 2.48-2.57 (m, 2H), 3.69 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 5.22 (bs, 1H).

EXAMPLE 5: tert-butyl (3S)-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-[(methylsulfonyl)oxy]- butanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000020

To 25.1 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 4 was added dichloromethane (133.0 g) and triethylamine (148.0 g), and the mixture was then cooled to 0℃. To this reaction solution was slowly added methanesulfonyl chloride (11.8 g) diluted with dichloromethane (39.9 g) dropwise for 50 minutes while maintaining the internal temperature below 12℃. After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was washed with 0.5 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (120.0 g) and water (100.4 g), and then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 31.5 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.04 (s, 3H), 4.21 (m, 1H), 4.30 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 2H), 5.16 (br d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H).

EXAMPLE 6: Synthesis of tert-butyl (3S)-4-azido-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]- butanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000021

Sodium azide (NaN3, 11.6 g) was diluted with dimethylacetamide (DMAc, 260.0 g). After elevating the internal temperature to 80℃, a solution of 31.5 g of the compound, as obtained from the above Example 5, diluted with dimethylacetamide (DMAc, 45.0 g) was added thereto. The reaction proceeded at 80℃ for 2 hours. To the reaction solution were added toluene (251.0 g) and water (320.0 g) to separate the layers. The organic layer thus obtained was distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 24.0 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 2.49 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.44-3.55 (m, 2H), 4.09 (br s, 1H), 5.14 (br s, 1H).

EXAMPLE 7: Synthesis of tert-butyl (3S)-4-amino-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]- butanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000022

To 21.0 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 6 was added tetrahydrofuran (93.3 g) followed by the addition of triphenylphosphine (PPh3, 21.0 g) at 40℃, the mixture was stirred for 2 hours at the same temperature, and water (3.8 g) was then added thereto. The reaction solution was distilled under reduced pressure, and the resulting triphenylphosphine oxide solid was diluted with toluene (26.0 g) and n-hexane (41.0 g), and then filtered off. The filtrate was adjusted to pH 2~3 with 1.0 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (110.0 g) and then subjected to separation of the layers. To remove any residual triphenylphosphine oxide solid, the aqueous layer obtained above was washed with dichloromethane (100.0 g) and then adjusted to pH 8~9 with 28% aqueous ammonia solution (7.6 g). The aqueous solution thus obtained was extracted with dichloromethane (100.0 g) and distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 8.5 g of the title compound as a white solid.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 2.45 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 2H), 2.77 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (br s, 1H), 5.22 (br s, 1H).

EXAMPLE 8: Synthesis of N,N-dibenzyl-L-N(Boc)-aspartamide 4-tert-butyl ester

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000023

N-Boc-L-aspartic acid 4-t-butyl ester (29.0 g, 0.10 mol) was added to THF (200 ml). After cooling to temperature below -5℃, to the reaction solution was added isobutylchloroformate (13.0 ml, 0.10 mol) followed by addition of N-methyl morpholine (12.0 ml, 0.10 mol) dropwise, and the reaction mixture was stirred for over 30 minutes. To the reaction mixture was added dropwise dibenzylamine (21.1 ml, 0.11 mol), and the mixture was then stirred for over 3 hours and monitored for the reaction progress by TLC (EtOAc: Hexane=1:4). Upon completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was stirred with addition of ethyl acetate (300.0 mL) and 1 N hydrochloric acid to separate the layers, and distilled under reduced pressure to precipitate a solid. The solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate (100 ml), and then the washings were concentrated by distillation again under reduced pressure. The residue was then subjected to silica gel column to obtain the purified desired product (41.7 g, 0.89 mol).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 7.32 (m, 5H), 7.20 (m, 5H), 5.39 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 5.30 (m, 1H), 4.87-4.77 (m, 2H), 4.48-4.39 (m, 2H), 2.72 (dd, J=15.8 Hz, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 2.56 (dd, J=15.8 Hz, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 1.43 (s, 9H), 1.37 (s, 9H).

Mass (ESI, m/z): 491 (M+Na), 469 (M+H), 413 (M-55).

EXAMPLE 9: Synthesis of N, N-diallyl-L-N(Boc)-aspartamide 4-tert-butyl ester

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000024

L-N(Boc)-aspartic acid 4-t-butyl ester (5.00 g, 17.3 mol) was added to THF (50 ml). After cooling to temperature below -5℃, to the reaction solution was added isobutylchloroformate (2.26 ml, 17.3 mol) followed by addition of N-methyl morpholine (1.90 ml, 17.3 mol) dropwise, and the reaction mixture was stirred for over 30 minutes. To the reaction mixture was added dropwise diallylamine (2.35 ml, 19.0 mol), and the mixture was then stirred for over 3 hours and monitored for the reaction progress by TLC (EtOAc: Hexane=1:4). Upon completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was stirred with addition of ethyl acetate (60 ml) and 1 N hydrochloric acid and, after separating the layers, concentrated by distillation under reduced pressure. The residue was then subjected to silica gel column to obtain the purified desired product (6.0 g, 16.3 mol).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 5.78 (m, 2H), 5.30 (m, 1H), 5.23-5.11 (m, 1H), 5.30 (m, 1H), 4.93 (m, 1H), 4.11-3.84 (m, 4H), 2.68 (dd, J=15.8 Hz, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 2.51 (dd, J=15.8 Hz, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.42 (s, 9H).

Mass (ESI, m/z): 391 (M+Na), 369 (M+H), 313 (M-55).

EXAMPLE 10: Synthesis of N,N-dibenzyl-4-amino-3(S)-N(Boc)-aminobutanoic acid 4-tert-butyl ester

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000025

10.0 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 8, Ru3(CO)12 (136 mg, 1mol%), and diphenylsilane (19.7 ml, 106.7 mmol) were added to tetrahydrofuran (50 ml), and the reaction solution was stirred under reflux for over 40 hours. The reaction solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (200 ml) and concentrated by distillation under reduced pressure. The residue was then subjected to silica gel column to obtain the purified desired product (4.7 g, 10.5 mmol).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 7.31-7.20 (m, 10H), 5.12 (bs, 1H), 3.90 (bs, 1H), 3.63 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 2H), 3.48 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 2H), 3.24 (m, 1H), 3.16 (bs, 1H), 2.42 (m, 2H), 1.81 (m, 1H), 1.59 (m, 9H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.06 (s, 9H).

Mass (ESI, m/z): 455 (M+H), 441 (M-13).

EXAMPLE 11: Synthesis of tert-butyl (3S)-4-amino-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]- 4-oxobutanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000026

360.0 g of the starting material, N-Boc-Asp(O-t-Bu)OH, together with Boc2O (353.0 g) and ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3, 123.9 g) was added to dimethylformamide (1174.6 g), and pyridine (61.0 g) was added dropwise thereto at room temperature, and the reaction mixture was then stirred for about 3 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, water (1440 ml) and toluene (1800 ml) were added to the reaction solution and stirred for 30 minutes to separate the layers. The organic layer thus obtained was distilled under reduced pressure to remove t-butanol and toluene to obtain the title compound, which was directly used in the next reaction.

EXAMPLE 12: Synthesis of (S)-tert-butyl 3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-3-cyanopropanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000027

To the compound obtained from Example 11 was added dimethylformamide (1019.5 g) followed by addition of cyanuric chloride (112.0 g) dropwise for 1.5 hours at temperature below 25℃. The reaction solution was stirred for one hour at room temperature, and then 0.1 N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (1850.0 g) and toluene (1860 ml) were added thereto to separate the layers. The organic layer thus obtained was washed once again with water (700 ml) and then distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 318.3 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 2.45 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 2H), 2.77 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (br s, 1H), 5.22 (br s, 1H).

EXAMPLE 13: Synthesis of tert-butyl (3S)-4-amino-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]- butanoate

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000028

To 212.1 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 12 was added acetic acid (4000 ml) followed by addition of 20 wt% Pd(OH)2 (1.1 g) at 40℃. The mixture was stirred for 8 hours while keeping the internal temperature below 45℃ and 3 atmospheric pressure of hydrogen. Upon completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was distilled under reduced pressure to remove acetic acid, diluted with toluene (640 L) and then filtered through a celite. To the filtrate was added 0.25 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (1060 ml) to separate the layers. The aqueous layer thus obtained was basified with aqueous ammonia solution (543.1 g) and then extracted with methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE, 1000 ml). The organic layer thus obtained was distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 185.0 g of the title compound.

EXAMPLE 14: Synthesis of 3-t-butoxycarbonylamino-4-(5,5-difluoro-2-oxo- piperidin-1-yl)-butyric acid t-butyl ester

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000029

Triethylamine (13.2 g) was added to 16.0 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 1 or 2-1 or 2-2, and 14.1 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 7 or 13, and the mixture was then stirred for 21 hours at 40℃. Then, dichloromethane (154.8 g) and acetic acid (18.3 g) were added, and the mixture was stirred for 5 hours at room temperature. To the resulting reaction solution was added 0.5 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (116.8 g) and then, the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes to separate the layers. The organic layer thus obtained was distilled under reduced pressure to obtain 23.6 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.27 (m, 2H), 2.40-2.64 (m, 4H), 3.20 (dd, J=4.3, 13.5 Hz, 1H), 3.56-3.70 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.91 (m, 2H), 4.16 (m, 1H), 5.20 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H).

EXAMPLE 15: Synthesis of 3-t-butoxycarbonylamino-4-(5,5-difluoro-2-oxo- piperidin-1-yl)-butyric acid

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000030

23.6 g of the compound obtained from the above Example 14 was added to dichloromethane (20.0 g) followed by addition of H3PO4 (30.0 g), and the mixture was stirred for 16 hours at room temperature. After confirming the detachment of all of t-butyl group and t-butyloxycarbonyl group, the reaction solution was adjusted to pH 7.0~8.0 with 10 N aqueous hydrogen peroxide, and Boc2O (16.0 g) was added thereto. After completion of the addition, 10 N aqueous hydrogen peroxide was used to maintain the pH of the reaction solution at 8.0~9.0. After stirring for 3 hours, the resulting sodium phosphate was filtered off, and the filtrate was then adjusted to pH 2.0~3.0 with 3.0 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution. The resulting solid was filtered and dried under nitrogen to obtain 14.5 g of the title compound.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 1.32 (s, 9H), 2.20-2.43 (m, 6H), 3.26-3.31 (m, 2H), 3.61 (m, 1H), 3.81 (m, 1H), 4.02 (m, 1H), 6.73 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 12.16 (s, 1H).

For the title compound resulting from the above, its enantiomeric isomers―i.e. S-form and R-form―were measured by HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography), and an excess of the enantiomeric isomers (S vs. R form) (enantiomeric excess; ee) was then calculated as being ee > 99%. On the other hand, in case of the Comparative Example prepared according to the prior method based on WO 06/104356, as described below, the excess (ee) of enantiomeric isomers (S vs. R form) was 80%. From this, it can be identified that the compound of formula (2) having an optically high purity could be obtained according to the method of the present invention.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1: Synthesis of 3-t-butoxycarbonylamino-4-(5,5- difluoro-2-oxo-piperidin-1-yl)-butyric acid t-butyl ester

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1-1: Synthesis of methyl 5-amino-4,4-difluoro- pentanoate HCl

Figure PCTKR2011006260-appb-I000031

To 10.0 g of the compound obtained from Example 1 was added 40 ml of anhydrous ammonia solution (7 M solution in methanol), and the mixture was stirred for 3 hours. The reaction solution was distilled and 30 ml of hydrochloric acid solution saturated with methanol was added dropwise thereto. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature and then distilled to obtain 7.2 g of the title compound as a white solid.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 2.35 (m, 2H), 2.59 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.49 (t, J=15.3 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H).

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1-2: Synthesis of 3-t-butoxycarbonylamino-4-(5,5- difluoro-2-oxo-piperidin-1-yl)-butyric acid t-butyl ester

To the solution of the compound (1.93 g), as obtained from the above Example 4, dissolved in dichloromethane (20.0 g) and H2O (4.0 g) were added NaBr (0.8 g) and TEMPO (11 mg, 1 mol%). To this reaction solution was slowly added a solution of 5% NaOCl (11.5 g) and NaHCO3 (1.7 g) dissolved in H2O (12.0 g) dropwise for about 2 hours while maintaining the temperature below 5℃. Upon completion of dropwise addition, the reaction solution was stirred for 30 minutes to separate the layers. To the organic layer thus obtained was added the compound (1.6 g) obtained from the above Comparative Example 1-1. After stirring for 15 minutes at room temperature, NaBH(OAc)3 (2.23 g) was added to the reaction solution. After stirring for about 19 hours, 10% aqueous NaHCO3 solution (20.0 g) and 0.5 N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (20.0 g) were added dropwise to the reaction solution to separate the layers. The organic layer thus obtained was dehydrated under anhydrous MgSO4 to obtain 2.0 g (yield 73%) of the same title compound as Example 14, as a yellow solid. For the title compound resulting from the above, its enantiomeric isomers―i.e., S-form and R-form―were measured by HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography), and an excess (ee) of the enantiomeric isomers (S vs. R form) was then calculated as being ee = 80%.

WO2006104356A1 Mar 30, 2006 Oct 5, 2006 Seong Cheol Bu Dipeptidyl peptidase-iv inhibiting compounds, methods of preparing the same, and pharmaceutical compositions containing the same as an active agent
EP0279435A2 * Feb 18, 1988 Aug 24, 1988 BASF Aktiengesellschaft Process for the reduction of mono- and dicarboxylic acids
US5556982 * Jul 12, 1993 Sep 17, 1996 Neorx Corporation Metal radionuclide labeled proteins for diagnosis and therapy
US20080039517 * Aug 7, 2007 Feb 14, 2008 Washburn David G Pyrrolidinone anilines as progesterone receptor modulators

Footnotes

  1. Lim KS, Kim JR, Choi YJ, Shin KH, Kim KP, Hong JH, Cho JY, Shin HS, Yu KS, Shin SG, Kwon OH, Hwang DM, Kim JA, Jang IJ (October 2008). “Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and tolerability of the dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor LC15-0444 in healthy Korean men: a dose-block-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ascending single-dose, Phase I study”. Clin Ther 30 (10): 1817–30. doi:10.1016/j.clinthera.2008.10.013PMID 19014837.
  2.  Ábel T. “A New Therapy of Type 2 Diabetes: DPP-4 Inhibitors”. In Rigobelo EC. Hypoglycemia – Causes and Occurrences. Croatia: InTech. pp. 3–52. doi:10.5772/23604ISBN 978-953-307-657-7.
  3.  Kaji K (Mar 2014). “Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor attenuates hepatic fibrosis via suppression of activated hepatic stellate cell in rats.”J Gastroenterol.. 49 (3): 481–91.doi:10.1007/s00535-013-0783-4PMID 23475323.
  4.  Min HS (Jun 2014). “Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor protects against renal interstitial fibrosis in a mouse model of ureteral obstruction.”Lab Invest. 94 (5): 598–607.doi:10.1038/labinvest.2014.50PMID 24687121.
  5.  Gouni-Berthold I (2014). “The role of oral antidiabetic agents and incretin mimetics in type 2 diabetic patients with non-alcoholic Fatty liver disease.”Curr Pharm Des. 20 (5): 3705–15.PMID 24040873.

Further reading

 Kim SE, Yi S, Shin KH, Kim TE, Kim MJ, Kim YH, Yoon SH, Cho JY, Shin SG, Jang IJ, Yu KS (January 2012). “Evaluation of the pharmacokinetic interaction between the dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor LC15-0444and pioglitazone in healthy volunteers”Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 50 (1): 17–23. doi:10.5414/cp201568PMID 22192641.

External links

DAVID G. WASHBURN ET AL.: ‘Discovery or orally active, pyrrolidinone-based progesterone receptor partial agonist‘ BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS vol. 19, no. 16, 2009, pages 4664 – 4667, XP026419052
2 * MONICA LOPEZ-GARCIA ET AL.: ‘Synthesis of (R)-3,4- diaminobutanoic acid by desymmetrization of dimethyl 3-(benzylamino)-glutarate through enzymatic ammonolysis‘ JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY vol. 68, no. 2, 2003, pages 648 – 651, XP055105976

 

09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON

He was only in first standard in school when I was hit by a deadly one in a million spine stroke called acute transverse mylitis, it made me 90% paralysed and bound to a wheel chair, Now I keep him as my source of inspiration and helping millions, thanks to millions of my readers who keep me going and help me to keep my son happy

EVOGLIPTIN


ChemSpider 2D Image | Evogliptin | C19H26F3N3O3

EVOGLIPTIN
CAS: 1222102-29-5 FREE

HCL……1246960-27-9

tartare.. 1222102 -51-3

Dong-A Pharmaceutical. Co., Ltd동아제약 주식회사
2-Piperazinone, 4-((3R)-3-amino-1-oxo-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyl)-3-((1,1-dimethylethoxy)methyl)-, (3R)-
R)-4-((R)-3-Amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-butanoyl)-3-(t-butoxymethyl)-piperazin-2-one

4-[3(R)-Amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyryl]-3(R)-(tert-butoxymethyl)piperazin-2-one hydrochloride

DA-1229

see…http://www.allfordrugs.com/2015/07/03/evogliptin/

DA-1229 is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26) inhibitor currently being developed in phase III clinical studies at Dong-A for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

In 2014, Eurofarma aquired rights for product development and commercialization in Brazil.

Evogliptin Tartrate

All About Drugs (1)

All About Drugs (2)

If above image is not clear then see at…….http://www.allfordrugs.com/2015/07/03/evogliptin/

86…………H. J. Kim, W. Y. Kwak, J. P. Min, J. Y. Lee, T. H. Yoon, H. D. Kim, C. Y. Shin, M. K.
Kim, S. H. Choi, H. S. Kim, E. K. Yang, Y. H. Cheong, Y. N. Chae, K. J. Park, J. M.
Jang, S. J. Choi, M. H. Son, S. H. Kim, M. Yoo and B. J. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.,
2011, 21 (12), 3809-3812.
[87] …………K. S. Lim, J. Y. Cho, B. H. Kim, J. R. Kim, H. S. Kim, D. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, H. J. Yim,
S. H. Lee, S. G. Shin, I. J. Jang and K. S. Yu, Br. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 2009, 68 (6), 883-
890.

  • Originator Dong-A Pharmaceutical
  • Developer Dong-A ST
  • Class Amides; Antihyperglycaemics; Fluorobenzenes; Piperazines; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action CD26 antigen inhibitors
  • Orphan Drug Status No
  • On Fast track No
  • New Molecular Entity Yes
  • Available For Licensing Yes – Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase III Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Most Recent Events

  • 01 Sep 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in Type-2 diabetes mellitus (In volunteers) in United Kingdom (PO)
  • 31 Jul 2014 Phase-III clinical trials in Type-2 diabetes mellitus in South Korea (PO)
  • 31 Jul 2014 Dong-A ST initiates enrolment in a phase I trial in patients with renal impairment in South Korea (NCT02214693)

Evogliptin Tartrate

…………………………………..

WO 2010114291

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2010114291A2?cl=en

Formula 1

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-C000001

Korea Patent Publication No. 2008-0094604 the call to the scheme, as indicated by A Ⅰ) of formula (II) beta-compound of formula 3 is already substituted heterocyclic compound having 1-hydroxy-benzotriazole group (HOBT) 1-ethyl-3- (3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and reacting with a tertiary amine to prepare a compound of formula (4) connected by peptide bonds; Ⅱ) beta comprises the step of reacting under acidic conditions a compound of the formula (4) – a method of manufacturing the heterocyclic compounds of the formula I having an amino group is disclosed.

– Scheme A]

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000001

(Wherein, PG is a protecting group.)

In this case, the beta of the formula (2) of Scheme A – a compound having an amino group is prepared in addition to the DPP-IV inhibitor International Publication represented by Formula 1 WO03 / 000181, WO03 / 004498, WO03 / 082817, WO04 / 007468, WO04 / 032836, WO05 / 011581, WO06 / 097175, WO07 / 077508, WO07 / 063928, WO08 / 028662 WO08 / it may be used for the production of different DPP-IV inhibitors according 087,560 and can be prepared in a number of ways.

To, the compound of Formula 2 is an example as shown in Scheme J. Med.Chem. 2005; 141, and Synthesis 1997; it can be produced by the known method described in 873.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000002

Specifically, (2S) – (+) – 2,5- dihydro-3,6-dimethoxy-2-isopropyl-pyrazine 2,4,5-trifluoro-react with benzyl bromide and acid treatment, and then the amine an ester compound obtained by the protection reaction. Ester compounds are hydrolyzed to re-3- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) -2-amino-propionic acid tert such as isobutyl chloroformate, triethylamine or diisopropylethylamine to give the amine, and then using diazomethane to form a diazo ketone, and then may be prepared by reaction with silver benzoate. However, the reaction can be performed at low temperature (-78 ℃) or high alpha-amino acid to purchase and use, and may have a risk of problems such as the need to use large diazomethane.

To a different process for preparing a compound of Formula 2 as shown in scheme Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 2006; It is known in 2622; 205 or similarly Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2007.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000003

That is, a 1,1′-carbonyl-2,4,5 which the phenyl trifluoroacetic acid activated using the following imidazole mono-methyl words potassium carbonate is reacted with the beta-keto ester compound is prepared. This produced an enamine ester using ammonium acetate and ammonium solution, the ester compound chloro (1,5-cyclooctadiene) rhodium (I) dimer using a chiral ferrocenyl ligands I the reaction of the high-pressure hydrogen with a chiral primary amine with a beta-amino ester compound after production and can lead to hydrolysis to prepare a compound of formula (2). However, use of expensive metal catalyst has a problem that must be performed in high pressure hydrogenation.

The method for preparing a compound of Formula 2 is disclosed in International Publication No. WO 04/87650.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000004

Specifically, 2,4,5-fluorophenyl reagent is oxalyl chloride, the acid activated acid with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione, and after the reaction of methanol and the resulting material at reflux to prepare a corresponding compound. With a selective reducing reagents which enantiomers (S) -BINAP-RuCl 2 and hydrogen through a reaction (S) – producing a compound having coordinated to each other, it again after the decomposition, and the singer O- benzyl hydroxyl amine and the coupling reaction and the intermediate is prepared. To do this, the resulting intermediate tree azodicarboxylate and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate presence ring condensation reaction, treated with an aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide to (R) – while having the formula (II) coordinated to the amine group protected with a benzyl-O- the compound can be produced. However, the method has a problem as a whole to be prepared by the reaction yield to be low and a long processing time to perform the reaction.

Thus, the conventional known method for producing a compound of the general formula (2) has the disadvantage of using expensive reagents, or not suitable for commercial mass-production method by a long synthesis time yield is also low.

In addition, the compound represented by General Formula (3), as described in Korea Patent Publication No. 2008-0094604 call, can be prepared by way of reaction schemes.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000005

Specifically, the starting material D- serine methyl ester is substituted by a hydroxy group when reflux again substituted by trityl chloride as methoxy groups converted to the aziridine compound.

[Scheme 3]

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000008

<Example 3> (R)-4-[(R)-3-아미노-4-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부타노일]-3-(t-부톡시메틸)피페라진-2-온(화학식 1) Preparation of the hydrochloride

Step 1: t- butyl (R)-4-[(R)-2-(t-부톡시메틸)-3-옥소피페라진-1-일]-4-옥소 – 1-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부탄-2-일카르바메이트(화학식 Preparation of 4)

2 L flask, prepared in Example 1 (R) -3-t- butoxycarbonyl-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butanoate acid (Formula 2) 10.0 g of toluene was dissolved in 450 mL of bis (2,2′-benzothiazolyl) disulfide 13.0 g, was cooled and then 10.2 g triphenylphosphine was added to the reaction solution at 0 ℃. While stirring the reaction mixture was added to a solution of 0.8 mL of triethylamine in 20 mL of toluene was stirred at room temperature for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ℃ and prepared in Example 2 (R) -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2-one (Formula 3) was dissolved in 5.6 g of toluene and 40 mL pyridine a 2.4 mL was added slowly. After 30 minutes the reaction mixture was heated to room temperature and stirred for 1 hour. Saturated sheet to be the aqueous acid solution to a pH of 2.5 and then diluted with ethyl acetate 400 mL. Washed twice with brine and the organic layer was dehydrated with magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography to give the title compound 838 mg.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 7.03 (m, 1H), 6.88 (m, 1H), 5.97 (m, 1H), 5.48 (m, 1H), 4.16 ~ 4.07 (m, 1H), 4.02 ~ 3.91 (m, 1H), 3.74 (m, 2H) 3.37 (m, 2H), 3.24 (m, 1H), 2.92 (m, 2H), 2.80 (m, 1H), 2.59 (m, 2H), 1.34 ( d, 9H), 1.13 (s, 9H)

Step 2: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butane five days] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- on the production of (I) hydrochloride

Prepared in Step 1 t- butyl (R)-4-[(R)-2-(t-부톡시메틸)-3-옥소피페라진-1-일]-4-옥소-1-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부탄-2-일카르바메이트 97 mg was dissolved in methanol was added 3 mL 2N- hydrochloric acid / diethyl ether 2 mL was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under reduced pressure to give 64 mg of the title compound as a foaming solid.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.37 (m, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 4.59 ~ 4.40 (m, 1H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90 ~ 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.38 (m, 2H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.89 ~ 2.66 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H ), 1.11 (s, 6H)

Mass (M + 1): 402

<Example 4> (R)-4-[(R)-3-아미노-4-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부타노일]-3-(t-부톡시메틸)피페라진-2-온(화학식 1) tartaric acid salts

Step 1: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butane five days] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- Preparation of one (I)

Example 3 to give a compound of formula I in hydrochloride 60 mg 5% sodium hydrogen carbonate in dichloromethane was added to 10 mL of an aqueous solution / 2-propanol (4/1 (v / v)) was added to the mixed solution and extracted two times 10 mL The organic layer was dried under reduced pressure to give 55 mg of the title compound as a solid.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.14 (m, 1H), 4.56 ~ 4.39 (m, 1H), 3.96 ~ 3.81 (m, 3H), 3.70 (m, 1H) , 3.46 (m, 1H), 3.43 ~ 3.32 (m, 1H), 2.83 ~ 2.65 (m, 3H), 2.58 ~ 2.40 (m, 2H), 1.16 (s, 3H), 1.11 (s, 6H)

Mass (M + 1): 402

Step 2: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluorophenyl) butanoyl] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- one (I) tartaric acid salt [

Was dissolved 55 mg of the compound of step 1 in 0.56 mL of acetone, L- tartrate 26 mg ethanol / water (9/1 (v / v)) was added slowly to a solution of 0.35 mL was stirred for 30 minutes. Here was added 0.56 mL of 2-propanol was stirred for 10 minutes and re-filtered to give 77 mg of the title compound as a solid.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.38 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 4.59 ~ 4.40 (m, 1H), 4.40 (s, 2H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90 ~ 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.38 (m, 2H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.89 ~ 2.66 (m, 2H ), 1.15 (s, 3H), 1.11 (s, 6H)

Mass (M + 1): 402

………………………………

WO 2010114292

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2010114292A2?cl=en

…………………………………

Discovery of DA-1229: a potent, long acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011, 21(12): 3809

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X11004859

Full-size image (3 K)

A series of β-amino amide containing substituted piperazine-2-one derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl pepdidase-4 (DPP-4) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. As results of intensive SAR study of the series, (R)-4-[(R)-3-amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-butanoyl]-3-(t-butoxymethyl)-piperazin-2-one (DA-1229) displayed potent DPP-4 inhibition pattern in several animal models, was selected for clinical development.

About evogliptin tartrate tablets
Evogliptin tartrate tablets is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, in tablet form. Evogliptin tartrate
tablets is expected to be approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Group holds
an exclusive intellectual property licence from Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. to develop
and commercialise evogliptin tartrate tablets in China, including the exclusive right to develop
evogliptin tartrate tablets for manufacturing and sale in the Group’s name. The new drug certificate
to be issued by the CFDA will be approved and registered under the Group’s name.
Evogliptin is a patented new molecular entity in the United States and other international markets.
Evogliptin tartrate tablets is being concurrently developed by Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
for the Korean market. Based on information released from a multi-centre, phase II, randomised,
double-blind, placebo-controlled, therapeutic exploratory clinical trial conducted in Korea by
Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. to investigate the efficacy and safety of evogliptin, evogliptin
was proven to be effective in significantly lowering blood glucose levels in patients with type
2 diabetes. Data also show that the body weights of patients remain stable over the treatment
period. In addition, evogliptin was proven to be safe and well tolerated with no severe adverse
drug reactions observed during those phase II clinical trials. The Company believes evogliptin
tartrate tablets will help reduce the burden of patients with moderate-to-severe renal impairment
as pharmacokinetic study in animal model and healthy human volunteers showed low renal
elimination.
2
According to the statistics of IMS Health Incorporated, the market size of products for the
treatment of diabetes in China in 2013 was approximately RMB7.8 billion, and grew at a
compound annual growth rate of 23.4% from 2011 to 2013.

 http://www.luye.cn/en/uploads//2014-07/21/_1405936452_zr21xh.pdf

Dong-A ST
SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
14 April 2015 – 5:45pm
Oh Seung-mock

Dong-A ST has licensed its new diabetes drug Evogliptin to 17 Latin American countries including Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Dominican Republic, and Uruguay, Jung Jae-wook, Dong-A ST’s PR manager, told Business Korea.

Dong-A ST and Eurofarma, a Brazilian pharmaceutical company, concluded the licensing contract at Dong-A ST’s headquarters on April 13 in Seoul.

Eurofarma will be responsible for Evogliptin’s product development and sales in the 17 Latin American countries, Dong-A ST said. Dong-A ST will receive royalties from Eurofarma, and export the raw material of the medicine.

Dong-A ST has been developing Evogliptin with the support of the Ministry of Health & Welfare of South Korea as an innovative new medicine research project since May 2008. Evogliptin is a DPP-4 remedy based on the inhibition mechanism which is “excellent” at reducing blood sugar, whilst “less likely” to cause weight increases and hypoglycemia, the company said.

Park Chan-il, president of Dong-A ST, said that Dong-A ST will pursue further out-licensing “over the globe,” through continuous investment in research and development.

Maurizio Billi, Eurofarma’s president, wished to expand both companies’ partnership in the innovative new remedy development sector, according to Dong-A ST.

Last July, Dong-A ST and Eurofarma concluded a contract out-licensing Evogliptin to Brazil itself, the company said.

– See more at: http://www.businesskorea.co.kr/article/10115/southern-strategy-dong-st-licenses-new-diabetes-drug-evogliptin-17-latin-american#sthash.liqwFTWU.dpuf

//////////

see gliptins at…..http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series.html

Dong-A Pharm. Co., Ltd, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

GOSOGLIPTIN


ChemSpider 2D Image | gosogliptin | C17H24F2N6O

GOSOGLIPTIN

CAS 869490-23-3 FREE BASE

DIHYDROCHLORIDE..869490-47-1

GOSOGLIPTIN; UNII-GI718UO477;  PF-00734200; PF-734200;

(3,3-difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-[(2S,4S)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-ylpiperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl]methanone

Molecular Formula: C17H24F2N6O
Molecular Weight: 366.408866 g/mol
Company Pfizer Inc.
Description Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor
Molecular Target Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) (CD26) 
Mechanism of Action Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor
Latest Stage of Development Phase II
Standard Indication Diabetes
Indication Details Treat Type II diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia coupled with a gradual decline in insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. The incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which is released post-prandially from the L-cells of the intestine, stimulates the release of insulin from pancreatic β-cells. However, GLP-1 is rapidly degraded in vivo by peptidases, including dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4), which is a widely distributed serine protease that specifically cleaves N-terminal dipeptides from polypeptides with proline or alanine at the penultimate position.

In vivo administration of DPP-4 inhibitors to human subjects results in higher circulating concentrations of endogenous GLP-1 and subsequent decrease in plasma glucose. Long term treatment with a DPP-4 inhibitor leads to a reduction in circulating HbA1c (glycosylated hemoglobin). DPP-4 inhibition also offers the potential to improve the insulin producing function of the pancreas through either β-cell preservation or regeneration. Therefore, DPP-4 inhibition has emerged as a promising new treatment of Type 2 diabetes

PF-734200 is a potent, selective, orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor. It had been in phase II clinical development at Pfizer for the treatment of type 2 diabetes; however, in 2010 the company discontinued these trials. In 2012, the product was licensed to SatRx, a spin-off of the ChemRar High Tech Center, by Pfizer on an exclusive worldwide basis (with the exception of China) for the development and commercialization as monotherapy or in combination with other therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. SatRx is conducting phase II clinical trials for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

GOSOGLIPTIN.png

……………………….

PAPER

New synthetic route to a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor
Org Process Res Dev 2012, 16(3): 409

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op200309z

Abstract Image

A new synthetic route to a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitor was developed and demonstrated on a multigram scale. This approach takes advantage of the cheap and readily available Boc-trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline methyl ester as starting material which was derivatized through an SN2 reaction. Several leaving groups were studied, and the nosylate group showed superiority over other derivatives. Formation of an amide using the most costly starting material, 3,3-difluoropyrrolidine, was performed late in the synthesis to minimize its economical impact on the overall cost of the API.

(3,3-Difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-(2S,4S)-4-(4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)methanone.FREE BASE

Mp 149 °C (decomp).

[α]d = −31.1 (T = 24 °C, c = 1, CHCl3). Specific rotation of product 4 prepared using the initial route: [α]d = −31.5 (T = 24 °C, c = 1, CHCl3). 

1H NMR (400 MHz; CDCl3) δ 8.30 (d, J = 4 Hz, 2H), 6.48 (t, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 3.95–3.6 (m, 9H), 3.25–2.85 (m, 4H), 2.6–2.25 (m, 7H), 1.75–1.6 (m, 1H). 

13C NMR (100 MHz; CDCl3) δ 172.28; 161.55; 157.70; 127.22 (t, 1J C–F = 248 Hz), 126.22 (t, 1J C–F = 246 Hz), 109.95; 66.54; 58.87; 57.99; 52.71 (t, 2 J C–F = 32 Hz); 52.00; 50.41; 43.03; 34.46, 34.37, 34.25; 19F NMR (377 MHz, CDCl3) δ −102.1 (m, 2F).

IR (neat): 2951w, 2864w, 2799w, 2759w, 1630s, 1585vs, 1547m, 1449m, 1172m, 1254m, 1129m, 982w, 923m, 796m, 638w.

HRMS (ES, N2) Calcd for C17H24F2N6O: 367.20524, found: 367.20592.

……………………….

PAPER

(3,3-difluoro-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-((2S,4S)-(4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)-methanone: A potent, selective, orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009, 19(7): 1991

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X09001966?np=y

  • Pfizer Global Research & Development, Groton/New London Laboratories, Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT 06340, United States

A series of 4-substituted proline amides was evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl pepdidase IV for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-[(2S,4S)-(4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yl]-methanone (5) emerged as a potent (IC50 = 13 nM) and selective compound, with high oral bioavailability in preclinical species.

Full-size image (4 K)

SEE………….https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sciencedirect.com%2Fscience%2FMiamiMultiMediaURL%2F1-s2.0-S0960894X09001966%2F1-s2.0-S0960894X09001966-mmc1.doc%2F271398%2Fhtml%2FS0960894X09001966%2Fce1f70bd989d6d4b79b40c26570693d2%2Fmmc1.doc

………………….

PATENT

WO 2005116014

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2005116014A1?cl=en

Example 113 (3.3-Difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-((2S,4S)-4-(4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)-methanone

 

Figure imgf000030_0001

Step 1 – (S)-2-(3.3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-oxo-pyrrolidine-1 -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

(S)-4-Oxo-pyrrolidine-1 ,2-dicarboxylic acid 1-tert-butyl ester (6.6 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to a reactor, followed by addition of dichloromethane (15 volumes). The reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C. Triethylamine (4.82 liters, 1.2 equiv) was added over 30 minutes. The mixture turned from suspension to a clear solution at the end of triethylamine addition. The mixture was held at 0°C to 5°C for 10 minutes. Pivaloyl chloride (3.65 kg, 1.05 equivalents) was added slowly while keeping the reaction temperature at 0°C to 5°C. The reaction mixture turned back to aslurry. The reaction mixture was sampled for completion by HPLC (using diethylamine to derivatize) after held for 1 hour at 0°C to 5°C.

3,3-Difluoro- pyrrolidine hydrochloride (4.13 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to the above mixture over 10 minutes at – 10°C to 0°C. Triethylamine (4.0 liters, 1.0 equiv) was introduced slowly over 70 minutes at -10°C to 0°C. Upon completion of triethylamine addition, the mixture was stirred for 1h at 0 to 5°C. The reaction was complete by HPLC assay (-1% starting material). The reaction was quenched with water (10 volumes) at 0°C to 5 °C. The mixture was heated to 20°C to 25 °C. The layers were separated, and the organic layer was washed with 0.5 M HCI (5 volumes). The organic layer was again washed with combined 5% NaHC03 (2 volumes) and half saturated brine solution (1.64 M, 3 volumes). The organic solution was concentrated atmospherically to a low stirrable volume (approximately 20 liters). Ethyl acetate (12.6 volumes, 82.8 liters) was added, the solution was concentrated atmospherically to -6 volumes. The mixture was held at 60°C to 65 °C for 2 hours and cooled to room temperature over 3 hours. The mixture was held at 20°C to 25 °C for 8 hours. Heptane (8 volumes) was added, and the mixture was granulated for a minimum of 2 hours. The solid was filtered, rinsed with 2:1 heptane/ethyl acetate (1 volume), and dried in a tray dryer at 25°C to 35°C for a minimum of 12 h. Yield: 7.26 kg, 79%. HPLC purity: 99.7%. The mother liquor (86 liters) was concentrated to 12 liters under partial vacuum at 65°C to 70°C. The mixture was cooled to 60°C to 65 °C. Ethyl acetate (4.0 liters) was added slowly over 15 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20°C to 25 °C over 2 hours and was held at that temperature for at least 2 hours. The solid was filtered and rinsed with heptane/ethyl acetate (3:1 v/v, 1.7 liters). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35°C to 45 °C yielded 435 grams of product. HPLC purity: 96.4%.

Step 2 – (2S.4S)-2-(3.3-Dif luoro-pyrrolidine-1 -carbonyl)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1 -yl)-pyrrolidine-1 – carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester A reactor was charged with THF (20 volumes), 2-piperazin-1-yl-pyrimidine (2.17 kg, 1.05 equivalents) and the product from Step 1 (4.00 kg, 1.0 equivalent). The mixture was held at 20°C to 25°C until all material was dissolved over 30 minutes. Acetic acid (0.792 kg, 1.05 equivalents) as added. The mixture was stirred for 1 hour during which the reaction mixture turned to cloudy. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 30 minutes and then concentrated at 60°C to 70°C until a steady temperature of 66.9°C was observed in the overheads indicating complete removal of water from the system. More THF was added as necessary. At the end, THF was added to bring the total volume in the reactor to 15 volumes of the limit reagent. The reaction mixture was cooled to -3°C to 7°C and sampled for complete formation of imine by HPLC (using sodium triacetoxyborohydride to reduce imine). Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (5.33 kg, 2.0 equivalents) was added portion-wise to the suspension at -5°C to 15°C. The reaction mixture was heated to 20°C to 25°C and held for 12 hours. HPLC results confirmed the reaction was complete by 99.8%. Sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (10% w/w, 10 volumes) was added. The slurry was concentrated to remove 10 volumes of THF under partial vacuum at 30°C to 60°C. Ethyl acetate (10 volumes) was added to the suspension after it cooled to 20°C to 25CC. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was checked by HPLC. It contained less than 2% of the product. The organic phase was washed with water (5 volumes), saturated brine solution (5 volumes) and concentrated to a small volume (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 45°C to 50°C. To the slurry was added heptane (10 volumes) at 45°C to 50°C over 30 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20°C to 25°C and granulated for 2 hours. Solid was collected by filtration, rinsed with heptane (2 volumes). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35°C to 45°C yield 5.35 kg (91.3%) of the product. Step 3 – (3.3-Dif luoro-pyrrolidin-1 -yl)-f(2S.4S)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1 -yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yll- methanone Water (19 liters, 2 volumes) was charged to a reactor followed by the product from Step 2 (9.57 kg,

1.0 equivalent). To the slurry was added concentrated HCI (37 wt% in water, 19.1 liters, 2 volumes) slowly at 20°C to 30°C over 4 hours. The slurry went into solution after 12 liters of HCI was added. After the addition completion, the reaction was complete by HPLC assay. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5°C to 15°C. To the mixture was added 50% NaOH aqueous solution slowly with agitation to pH 10 to pH 11. The pH was monitored with a pH meter closely during the neutralization. The total volume of 50% NaOH added was 12.45 liters. The mixture was warmed to 20°C to 25°C and extracted with ethyl acetate twice (115 liters, 12 volumes and 57 liters, 6 volumes, respectively). The sample from aqueous layer after second extraction was analyzed by HPLC and showed only 1% of the product in that aqueous solution.

The organic layers were combined and treated with magnesium sulfate (5 kg) for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (10 liters). The filtrate was charged back to the reactor via a 0.2 micron in-line filter for speck free operation. (The following operations were performed under speck free conditions.) The solution was concentrated to 20 liters (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 50°C to 60°C. The mixture was cooled to 20°C to 25°C over 30 minutes. Upon cooling to room temperature, crystallization occurred. The mixture was held for 30 minutes. Hexanes (20 liters, 2 volumes) was added slowly over 1 hour. The mixture was granulated for 2 hours. The solid product was collected by filtration and rinsed with hexanes/ethyl acetate (10 liters, 1 :1 v/v). The filter was blown dry with nitrogen for a minimum of 2 hours. The product was dried in a tray dryer at 44°C for 12 hours.

Yield: 5.7 kg, 75.9%.

m.p. 156°C. MS m/z 367 (MH+).

Figure imgf000030_0001FREE BASE

1H NMR (400 MHz, D20): δ 8.15 (d, 2H, J = 5.0 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 6.55 (t, 1 H, J = 4.8 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 3.87-3.81 (dd, 1 H, H2b of proline, rotomeric), 3.78-3.50 (m, 4H, N-CH2 of pyrrolidide), 3.55-3.40 (m, 4H, N-CH2 of piperazine), 2.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 10.2, 6.6 Hz, H5a of proline), 2.85-2.75 (m, 1 H, H4b of proline), 2.69 (dd, 1 H, J = 10.0, 9.1 Hz, H5b of proline), 2.55-2.20 (m, 7H, overlapping N-CH2 of piperazine, CH2 of pyrrolidide and H3b of proline), 1.47-1.38 (m, 1 H, H3a of proline).

Alternatively, the dihydrochloride salt of the titled compound was prepared according to the method of Example 1.

………………

US 2005/0256310

http://www.google.com/patents/US20050256310

Figure

 

This approach begins with Nt-Boc-4-oxo-l-proline (1) that undergoes a mixed anhydride activation with pivaloyl chloride at 0 °C, followed by amidation with 3,3-difluoropyrrolidine to yield the intermediate 2. Reductive amination with 1-(2-pyrimidyl)piperazine using sodium triacetoxyborohydride in THF/AcOH provided the desired stereoisomer 3 in high yield and selectivity, the undesired diastereomer being completely removed by crystallization. Deprotection of 3 with 6 N HCl, followed by neutralization with 50% NaOH and extraction provided PF-734200 (4) in good yield.

EXAMPLE 113 (3,3-Difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl)-((2S,4S)-4-(4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)-methanone

 

Figure US20050256310A1-20051117-C00011

 

Step 1—(S)-2-(3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-oxo-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl

(S)-4-Oxo-pyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid 1-tert-butyl ester (6.6 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to a reactor, followed by addition of dichloromethane (15 volumes). The reaction mixture was cooled to 0° C. Triethylamine (4.82 liters, 1.2 equiv) was added over 30 minutes. The mixture turned from suspension to a clear solution at the end of triethylamine addition. The mixture was held at 0° C. to 5° C. for 10 minutes. Pivaloyl chloride (3.65 kg, 1.05 equivalents) was added slowly while keeping the reaction temperature at 0° C. to 5° C. The reaction mixture turned back to a slurry. The reaction mixture was sampled for completion by HPLC (using diethylamine to derivatize) after held for 1 hour at 0° C. to 5° C. 3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine hydrochloride (4.13 kg, 1.0 equivalent) was charged to the above mixture over 10 minutes at −10° C. to 0° C. Triethylamine (4.0 liters, 1.0 equiv) was introduced slowly over 70 minutes at −10° C. to 0° C. Upon completion of triethylamine addition, the mixture was stirred for 1 h at 0 to 5° C. The reaction was complete by HPLC assay (˜1% starting material). The reaction was quenched with water (10 volumes) at 0° C. to 5 ° C. The mixture was heated to 20° C. to 25 ° C. The layers were separated, organic layer was washed with 0.5 M HCl (5 volumes). The organic layer was again washed with combined 5% NaHCO(2 volumes) and half saturated brine solution (1.64 M, 3 volumes). The organic solution was concentrated atmospherically to a low stirrable volume (approximately 20 liters). Ethyl acetate (12.6 volumes, 82.8 liters) was added, the solution was concentrated atmospherically to ˜6 volumes. The mixture was held at 60° C. to 65° C. for 2 hours and cooled to room temperature over 3 hours. The mixture was held at 20° C. to 25 ° C. for 8 hours. Heptane (8 volumes) was added, and the mixture was granulated for a minimum of 2 hours. The solid was filtered, rinsed with 2:1 heptane/ethyl acetate (1 volume), and dried in a tray dryer at 25° C. to 35° C. for a minimum of 12 h. Yield: 7.26 kg, 79%. HPLC purity: 99.7%. The mother liquor (86 liters) was concentrated to 12 liters under partial vacuum at 65° C. to 70° C. The mixture was cooled to 60° C. to 65° C. Ethyl acetate (4.0 liters) was added slowly over 15 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. over 2 hours and was held at that temperature for at least 2 hours. The solid was filtered and rinsed with heptane/ethyl acetate (3:1 v/v, 1.7 liters). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35° C. to 45° C. yielded 435 grams of product. HPLC purity: 96.4%.

Step 2—(2S,4S)-2-(3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

A reactor was charged with THF (20 volumes), 2-piperazin-1-yl-pyrimidine (2.17 kg, 1.05 equivalents) and the product from Step 1 (4.00 kg, 1.0 equivalent). The mixture was held at 20° C. to 25° C. until all material was dissolved over 30 minutes. Acetic acid (0.792 kg, 1.05 equivalents) as added. The mixture was stirred for 1 hour during which the reaction mixture turned to cloudy. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 30 minutes and then concentrated at 60° C. to 70° C. until a steady temperature of 66.9° C. was observed in the overheads indicating complete removal of water from the system. More THF was added as necessary. At the end, THF was added to bring the total volume in the reactor to 15 volumes of the limit reagent. The reaction mixture was cooled to −3° C. to 7° C. and sampled for complete formation of imine by HPLC (using sodium triacetoxyborohydride to reduce imine). Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (5.33 kg, 2.0 equivalents) was added portion-wise to the suspension at −5° C. to 15° C. The reaction mixture was heated to 20° C. to 25° C. and held for 12 hours. HPLC results confirmed the reaction was complete by 99.8%. Sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (10% w/w, 10 volumes) was added. The slurry was concentrated to remove 10 volumes of THF under partial vacuum at 30° C. to 60° C. Ethyl acetate (10 volumes) was added to the suspension after it cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was checked by HPLC. It contained less than 2% of the product. The organic phase was washed with water (5 volumes), saturated brine solution (5 volumes) and concentrated to a small volume (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 45° C. to 50° C. To the slurry was added heptane (10 volumes) at 45° C. to 50° C. over 30 minutes. The mixture was cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. and granulated for 2 hours. Solid was collected by filtration, rinsed with heptane (2 volumes). Drying in a tray dryer for 12 hours at 35° C. to 45° C. yield 5.35 kg (91.3%) of the product.

Step 3—(3,3-Difluoro-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-[(2S,4S)-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)-pyrrolidin-2-yl]-methanone

Water (19 liters, 2 volumes) was charged to a reactor followed by the product from Step 2 (9.57 kg, 1.0 equivalent). To the slurry was added concentrated HCl (37 wt % in water, 19.1 liters, 2 volumes) slowly at 20° C. to 30° C. over 4 hours. The slurry went into solution after 12 liters of HCl was added. After the addition completion, the reaction was complete by HPLC assay. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5° C. to 15° C. To the mixture was added 50% NaOH aqueous solution slowly with agitation to pH 10 to pH 11. The pH was monitored with a pH meter closely during the neutralization. The total volume of 50% NaOH added was 12.45 liters. The mixture was warmed to 20° C. to 25° C. and extracted with ethyl acetate twice (115 liters, 12 volumes and 57 liters, 6 volumes, respectively). The sample from aqueous layer after second extraction was analyzed by HPLC and showed only 1% of the product in that aqueous solution. The organic layers were combined and treated with magnesium sulfate (5 kg) for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (10 liters). The filtrate was charged back to the reactor via a 0.2 micron in-line filter for speck free operation. (The following operations were performed under speck free conditions.) The solution was concentrated to 20 liters (2 volumes) under partial vacuum at 50° C. to 60° C. The mixture was cooled to 20° C. to 25° C. over 30 minutes. Upon cooling to room temperature, crystallization occurred. The mixture was held for 30 minutes. Hexanes (20 liters, 2 volumes) was added slowly over 1 hour. The mixture was granulated for 2 hours. The solid product was collected by filtration and rinsed with hexanes/ethyl acetate (10 liters, 1:1 v/v). The filter was blown dry with nitrogen for a minimum of 2 hours. The product was dried in a tray dryer at 44° C. for 12 hours.

Yield: 5.7 kg, 75.9%. m.p. 156° C. MS m/z 367 (MH+).

1H NMR (400 MHz, D2O): δ 8.15 (d, 2H, J=5.0 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 6.55 (t, 1H, J=4.8 Hz, CH of pyrimidine), 3.87-3.81 (dd, 1H, H2b of proline, rotomeric), 3.78-3.50 (m, 4H, N—CHof pyrrolidide), 3.55-3.40 (m, 4H, N—CHof piperazine), 2.97 (dd, 1H, J=10.2, 6.6 Hz, H5a of proline), 2.85-2.75 (m, 1H, H4b of proline), 2.69 (dd, 1H, J=10.0, 9.1 Hz, H5b of proline), 2.55-2.20 (m, 7H, overlapping N—CHof piperazine, CHof pyrrolidide and H3b of proline), 1.47-1.38 (m, 1H, H3a of proline).

Alternatively, the dihydrochloride salt of the titled compound was prepared according to the method of Example 1.

……………..

PAPER

Full-size image (21 K)

Scheme 1.

Reagents and conditions: (a) 3,3-difluoropyrrolidine hydrochloride, EDC, HOBt, TEA, DCM, rt; (b) NaBH4, MeOH, (c) (1) trifluoromethane-sulphonyl chloride, DIPEA, DCM; (2) 2-(1-piperazinyl)pyrimidine, DCM, −10 °C; (d) 4 N HCl in dioxane, rt; (e) 2-(1-piperazinyl)pyrimidine, NaBH(OAc)3, AcOH, DCE; (f) R1R2NH hydrochloride, EDC, HOBt TEA, DCM, 0–rt; (g) N-heterocyclic piperazine, NaBH(OAc)3, AcOH, DCE.

……………………….

 

 

if image is not clear see at………..http://www.allfordrugs.com/2015/07/03/gosogliptin/

Patent Submitted Granted
Therapeutic compounds [US7291618] 2005-11-17 2007-11-06
(2S,4S)-4-(piperazin-1-yl)pyrrolidine-2-methanone derivatives [US7465732] 2007-05-03 2008-12-16
THERAPEUTIC COMPOUNDS [US2007161664] 2007-07-12
Therapeutic compounds [US2006079498] 2006-04-13

 

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see gliptins at…………http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/gliptin-series.html

NAVEGLITAZAR (LY519818)


NAVEGLITAZAR

2(S)-Methoxy-3-[4-[3-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)propoxy]phenyl]propionic acid

476436-68-7

C25 H26 O6, 422.4703

  • CCRIS 9448
  • LY 519818
  • LY 9818
  • LY519818
  • LY9818
  • Naveglitazar
  • UNII-Y995M7GM0G

http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/intervention=NAVEGLITAZAR

Naveglitazar, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) modulator, had been in phase II clinical trials for the once-daily oral treatment of type 2 diabetes, however, no recent development for this indication has been reported. The compound was originally discovered through an ongoing research collaboration between Lilly and Ligand, but, in 2006, Lilly discontinued the development program.

Naveglitazar [LY519818; benzenepropanoic acid, alpha-methoxy-4-[3-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)propoxy], (alpha-S)-] is a nonthiozolidinedione peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha-gamma dual, gamma-dominant agonist that has shown glucose-lowering potential in animal models and in the clinic.

Studies have been conducted to characterize the disposition, metabolism, and excretion of naveglitazar in mice, rats, and monkeys after oral and/or i.v. bolus administration.

………………………………

2-Alkoxydihydrocinnamates as PPAR agonists. Activity modulation by the incorporation of phenoxy substituents.

Martín JA, Brooks DA, Prieto L, González R, Torrado A, Rojo I, López de Uralde B, Lamas C, Ferritto R, Dolores Martín-Ortega M, Agejas J, Parra F, Rizzo JR, Rhodes GA, Robey RL, Alt CA, Wendel SR, Zhang TY, Reifel-Miller A, Montrose-Rafizadeh C, Brozinick JT, Hawkins E, Misener EA, Briere DA, Ardecky R, Fraser JD, Warshawsky AM.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2005 Jan 3;15(1):51-5.

………………………………………..

http://www.google.im/patents/US20050020684?cl=un

EXAMPLE 153

′2-Methoxy-3-{3-[3-(4-phenoxy-phenoxy)-propoxy]-phenyl}-propionic acid

Figure US20050020684A1-20050127-C00299

The title compound was prepared from 3-(3-Hydroxy-phenyl)-2-methoxy-propionic acid methyl ester from Example 152, Step D with 4-(3-bromopropoxy)1-phenoxybenzene in a manner analogous as in Example 152, Step E. MS (ES) for C25H26O6[M+NH4]+: 440.2, [M+Na]+: 445.2. 1H-NMR (CDCl3, 200.15 MHz): 7.33-7.17 (m, 3H), 7.07-6.78 (m, 10H), 4.15 (dt, 4H, J=1.9, 6.2), 4.03 (dd, 1H, J=7.3, 4.3), 3.40 (s, 3H), 3.13 (dd, 1H, J=14.2, 4.6), 2.98 (dd, 1H, J=14.0, 7.5), 2.25 (qui, 2H, J=5.9)ppm.

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