Batimastat (INN/USAN, codenamed BB-94) is an anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called angiogenesis inhibitors. It acts as a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPI) by mimicking natural MMPI peptides.
Batimastat was the first MMPI that went into clinical trials. First results of a Phase I trial appeared in 1994. The drug reached Phase III but was never marketed; mainly because it couldn’t be administered orally (as opposed to the newer and chemically similar MMPI marimastat), and injection into the peritoneum caused peritonitis.
U.S. Patent 5,453,438
U.S. Patent 5,240,958
U.S. Patent 5,530,161
US 5240958; US 5310763; WO 9005719
The treatment of D-leucine (I) with NaNO2, H2SO4 and NaBr gives 2(R)-bromo-5-methylpentanoic acid (II), which is esterified with isobutene and H2SO4 to the corresponding tert-butyl ester (III). The condensation of (III) with dibenzyl malonate (IV) by means of potassium tert-butoxide in DMF yields the malonyl derivative (V), which is treated with trifluoroacetic acid to hydrolyze the tert-butyl ester, and without isolation is condensed with L-phenylalanine methyl amide (VI) by means of hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBT) and dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC), affording 4-benzyloxy-3-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-2(R)-isobutylsuccinyl-L-phenylalanine methylamide (VII). The elimination of the benzyl groups of (VII) by hydrogenolysis over Pd/C in ethanol gives the dicarboxylic acid (VIII), which by partial decarboxylation and reaction with aqueous formaldehyde and piperidine yields 4-hydroxy-2(R)-isobutyl-3-methylenesuccinyl-L-phenylalanine methylamide (IX). The addition of thiophene-2-thiol (X) to the double bond of (IX) affords 4-hydroxy-2(R)-isobutyl-3(S)-(2-thienylsulfanylmethyl)succinyl-L-phenylalanine methylamide (XI), which is finally treated with hydroxylamine and hydroxybenzotriazole in dichloromethane/DMF.
|Injection into pleural space or abdomen|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||477.64 g/mol g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
//////////Batimastat, BB-94, バチマスタット ,