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(+)-(S,S)-Reboxetine succinate, Esreboxetine succinate

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Esreboxetine succinate

str1

(2S)-2-[(S)-(2-ethoxyphenoxy)(phenyl)methyl]morpholine butanedioate (1:1)
(2S)-2-[(S)-(2-Ethoxyphenoxy)(phenyl)methyl]morpholine succinate (1:1)
(S,S)-reboxetine succinate
635724-55-9 [RN]
Esreboxetine succinate [USAN]
Morpholine, 2-[(S)-(2-ethoxyphenoxy)phenylmethyl]-, (2S)-, butanedioate (1:1)
Succinic acid – (2S)-2-[(S)-(2-ethoxyphenoxy)(phenyl)methyl]morpholine (1:1)
UNII:XQO13W6OCH

Esreboxetine is a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor which was under development by Pfizer for the treatment of neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia but failed to show significant benefit over currently available medications and was discontinued.[1][2][3][4] It is the (S,S)-(+)-enantiomer of reboxetine and is even more selective in comparison.[1][5]

However, recently it has been shown that esreboxetine could be effective in fibromyalgia patients.[6]

Figure

Reboxetine mesylate (1) and succinate (2).

Image result for (S,S)-Reboxetine succinate

Image result for (S,S)-Reboxetine succinate

CLIP

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleHtml/2012/GC/c1gc15921f

The synthesis of (±)-reboxetine mesylate,4 the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) for Edronax™.

Scheme 1 The synthesis of (±)-reboxetine mesylate,4 the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) for Edronax™.

 

The conversion of (±)-reboxetine mesylate to (S,S)-reboxetine succinate.
Scheme 2 The conversion of (±)-reboxetine mesylate to (S,S)-reboxetine succinate.

 

The Pfizer early resolution route to (S,S)-reboxetine succinate.
Scheme 3 The Pfizer early resolution route to (S,S)-reboxetine succinate.

The Pfizer asymmetric synthesis for (S,S)-reboxetine intended for commercialisation.

Scheme 4 The Pfizer asymmetric synthesis for (S,S)-reboxetine intended for commercialisation.

CLIP

(S,S)-Reboxetine succinate (3) (Figure 1) has been under late-stage development at Pfizer for the medication of neuropathic and fibromyalgia pain.(16)

16.(a) HughesB.McKenzieI.StokerM. J. WO2006/000903, May 1, 2006.

(b) AllenA. J.Hemrick-LueckeS.SumnerC. R.WallaceO. B. WO2005/060949, July 7, 2005.

(c) KelseyD. K. WO2005/021095, Oct 3, 2005.

(d) AllenA. J.KelseyD. K. WO 2005/020976, Oct 3, 2005.

(e) SumnerC. R. WO2005/020975, Oct 3, 2005.

(f) HassanF. WO2004/016272, Feb 26, 2004.

(g) WongE. H. F. WO2004/002463, Jan 8, 2004.

PAPER

Process Development for (S,S)-Reboxetine Succinate via a Sharpless Asymmetric Epoxidation

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op700007g?crel=US_AC_eAdv_Blog

Pfizer Global Research and Development, 2800 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105, U.S.A.
Org. Process Res. Dev.200711 (3), pp 354–358
DOI: 10.1021/op700007g
Publication Date (Web): March 23, 2007
Copyright © 2007 American Chemical Society

Abstract

Abstract Image

Reboxetine mesylate is a selective norepinephrine uptake inhibitor (NRI) currently marketed as the racemate. The (S,S)-enantiomer of reboxetine is being evaluated for the treatment of neuropathic pain and a variety of other indications. (S,S)-Reboxetine has usually been prepared by resolution of the racemate as the (−)-mandelate salt, an inherently inefficient process. A chiral synthesis starting with a Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation of cinnamyl alcohol to yield (R,R)-phenylglycidol was developed. (R,R)-Phenylglycidol was reacted without isolation with 2-ethoxyphenol to give 4, which was isolated by direct crystallization. Key process variables for the asymmetric epoxidation were investigated. Conversion of (R,S)-4 to reboxetine parallels the racemic synthesis with streamlined and optimized processing conditions. (S,S)-Reboxetine free base was converted directly to the succinate salt without isolation as the mesylate salt.

(2S,3S)-Reboxetine Succinate (9).

mp 145.2−147.1 °C (lit. mp 148 °C).8 1H NMR (400.13 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.41 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 2.4 (s, 4H), 2.9−3.06 (m, 2H), 3.15−3.22 (m, 2H), 3.81−3.86 (m, 1H), 4.02−4.09 (m, 3H), 4.17−4.24 (m, 1H), 5.13 (d, J = 4.3 Hz), 6.66−6.90 (m, 4H), 7.26−7.39 (m, 5H). 13C NMR (100.62 MHz, CDCl3) δ 15.08, 31.89, 43.24, 44.84, 64.72, 76.91, 82.91, 113.94, 118.27, 121.1, 127.38, 128.66, 136.94, 149.8, 178.73. LRMS-APCI m/z calcd for C19H23NO3 (M + H)+:  314. Found:  m/z = 314 [M + 1]+. Anal. Calcd for C19H23NO3−C4H6O4:  C, 64.02; H, 6.77; N, 3.25. Found:  C, 63.99; H, 6.77; N, 3.16. [α]32.4D +17.24° (c 0.5, EtOH).

8)Zampieri, M.; Airoldi, A.; Martini, A. WO2003/106441, 12/24/03.

PAPER

Commercial Synthesis of (S,S)-Reboxetine Succinate: A Journey To Find the Cheapest Commercial Chemistry for Manufacture

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op200181f

Chemical Research and Development, Pfizer Inc., Sandwich Laboratories, Sandwich, Kent, CT13 9NJ, United Kingdom
Org. Process Res. Dev.201115 (6), pp 1305–1314
DOI: 10.1021/op200181f
Publication Date (Web): August 18, 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

Abstract

Abstract Image

The development of a synthetic process for (S,S)-reboxetine succinate, a candidate for the treatment of fibromylagia, is disclosed from initial scale-up to deliver material for registrational stability testing through to commercial route evaluation and subsequent nomination. This entailed evaluation of several alternative routes to result in what would have been a commercially attractive process for launch of the compound.

(2S,3S)-2-[α-(2-Ethoxyphenoxy)benzyl]morpholine Succinate Salt (S,S)-Reboxetine Succinate

 (S,S)-reboxetine succinate (897 g, 82%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 7.22–7.54 (m, 5H), 6.66–6.96 (m, 4H), 5.27 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.01 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.50 (m, 2H), 2.61–2.82 (m, 3H), 2.34 (br s, 4H), 1.33 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (100 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 174.4, 149.0, 147.3, 137.8, 128.2, 127.3, 120.7, 116.7, 114.4, 80.8, 77.5, 65.9, 64.1, 45.8, 44.1, 39.7, 39.

References[edit]

  1. Jump up to:a b Matilda Bingham; Napier, Susan Jolliffe (2009). Transporters as Targets for Drugs (Topics in Medicinal Chemistry). Berlin: Springer. ISBN 3-540-87911-0.
  2. Jump up^ Rao SG (October 2009). “Current progress in the pharmacological therapy of fibromyalgia”Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs18 (10): 1479–93. PMID 19732029doi:10.1517/13543780903203771.
  3. Jump up^ “Search of: esreboxetine – List Results – ClinicalTrials.gov”.
  4. Jump up^ “Musculoskeletal Report: Pfizer Stops Work on Esreboxetine for FM”.
  5. Jump up^ Fish, P. V.; MacKenny, M.; Bish, G.; Buxton, T.; Cave, R.; Drouard, D.; Hoople, D.; Jessiman, A.; Miller, D.; Pasquinet, C.; Patel, B.; Reeves, K.; Ryckmans, T.; Skerten, M.; Wakenhut, F. (2009). “Enantioselective synthesis of (R)- and (S)-N-Boc-morpholine-2-carboxylic acids by enzyme-catalyzed kinetic resolution: application to the synthesis of reboxetine analogs”. Tetrahedron Letters50 (4): 389. doi:10.1016/j.tetlet.2008.11.025.
  6. Jump up^ Arnold, L. M., Hirsch, I., Sanders, P., Ellis, A. and Hughes, B. (2012), Safety and efficacy of esreboxetine in patients with fibromyalgia: A fourteen-week, randomized, 

REFERENCES

1: Fujimori I, Yukawa T, Kamei T, Nakada Y, Sakauchi N, Yamada M, Ohba Y, Takiguchi M, Kuno M, Kamo I, Nakagawa H, Hamada T, Igari T, Okuda T, Yamamoto S, Tsukamoto T, Ishichi Y, Ueno H. Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel series of peripheral-selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor. Bioorg Med Chem. 2015 Aug 1;23(15):5000-14. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2015.05.017. Epub 2015 May 15. PubMed PMID: 26051602.

2: Shen F, Tsuruda PR, Smith JA, Obedencio GP, Martin WJ. Relative contributions of norepinephrine and serotonin transporters to antinociceptive synergy between monoamine reuptake inhibitors and morphine in the rat formalin model. PLoS One. 2013 Sep 30;8(9):e74891. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074891. eCollection 2013. PubMed PMID: 24098676; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3787017.

3: Arnold LM, Hirsch I, Sanders P, Ellis A, Hughes B. Safety and efficacy of esreboxetine in patients with fibromyalgia: a fourteen-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Jul;64(7):2387-97. doi: 10.1002/art.34390. PubMed PMID: 22275142.

4: Arnold LM, Chatamra K, Hirsch I, Stoker M. Safety and efficacy of esreboxetine in patients with fibromyalgia: An 8-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Clin Ther. 2010 Aug;32(9):1618-32. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2010.08.003. PubMed PMID: 20974319.

5: Klarskov N, Scholfield D, Soma K, Darekar A, Mills I, Lose G. Measurement of urethral closure function in women with stress urinary incontinence. J Urol. 2009 Jun;181(6):2628-33; discussion 2633. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2009.01.114. Epub 2009 Apr 16. PubMed PMID: 19375093.

Esreboxetine
Esreboxetine.svg
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
  • None
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: uncontrolled
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
Chemical and physical data
Formula C19H23NO3
Molar mass 313.391 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)

////////////(+)-(S,S)-Reboxetine, (S,S)-Reboxetine, Reboxetine, Esreboxetine succinate

CCOc1ccccc1O[C@H]([C@@H]2CNCCO2)c3ccccc3.OC(=O)CCC(=O)O

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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