While plants are generally a good source of vitamin C, the amount in foods of plant origin depends on the precise variety of the plant, soil condition, climate where it grew, length of time since it was picked, storage conditions, and method of preparation.
The following table is approximate and shows the relative abundance in different raw plant sources. As some plants were analyzed fresh while others were dried (thus, artifactually increasing concentration of individual constituents like vitamin C), the data are subject to potential variation and difficulties for comparison. The amount is given in milligrams per 100 grams of fruit or vegetable and is a rounded average from multiple authoritative sources:
(mg / 100g)
|Chili pepper (green)||244|
|Guava (common, raw)||228.3|
|Chili pepper (red)||144|
|Wolfberry (Goji)||73 †|
|Persimmon (native, raw)||66.0|
† average of 3 sources; dried
(mg / 100g)
|Cabbage raw green||30|
(mg / 100g)
The richest natural sources are fruits and vegetables, and of those, the Kakadu plum and the camu camu fruit contain the highest concentration of the vitamin. It is also present in some cuts of meat, especially liver. Vitamin C is the most widely taken nutritional supplement and is available in a variety of forms, including tablets, drink mixes, crystals in capsules or naked crystals.
Vitamin C is absorbed by the intestines using a sodium-ion dependent channel. It is transported through the intestine via both glucose-sensitive and glucose-insensitive mechanisms. The presence of large quantities of sugar either in the intestines or in the blood can slow absorption
AMLA OR INDIAN GOOSEBERRY
Phyllanthus emblica (syn. Emblica officinalis), the Indian gooseberry, or aamla from Sanskrit amalika, is a deciduous tree of the family Phyllanthaceae. It is known for its edible fruit of the same name.
Alternative names for Indian gooseberry
Names of this tree in Indian and other languages include:
amalika (अम्लिका) in Sanskrit
aamla (आमला) in Hindi
aamla (આમળાં) in Gujarati
aavnlaa (awla) (or awla) in اردو
aavalaa (आवळा) (or awla) in Marathi
ambare (अमबरे) in Garo language
avaalo (आवाळो) in Konkani
sunhlu in Mizo
amala (अमला) in Nepali
amloki (আমলকী) in Bengali
amlakhi in Assamese
amla (ଅଁଳା) in Oriya
Aula in Punjabi
nellikka (നെല്ലിക്ക) in Malayalam
heikru in Manipuri
sohmylleng in Khasi
usiri (ఉసిరి కాయ) (or usirikai ) in Telugu
nellikkai (நெல்லிக்காய்/ ನೆಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾಯಿ/ ಗುಡ್ದದ ನೆಲ್ಲಿ) nellikkaai or nellikaayi) in Tamil and Kannada
nelli (නෙල්ලි) in Sinhala
mak kham bom in Lao
ma kham pom (มะขามป้อม) in Thai
anmole (庵摩勒) in Chinese
Kantout Prei (កន្ទួតព្រៃ) in Khmer
skyu ru ra (སྐྱུ་རུ་ར་) in Tibetan
melaka in Malay, A state in Malaysia, Malacca was named after this tree.
zee phyu thee (ဆီးၿဖဴသီး) in Myanmar
Also found are the names emblic, emblic myrobalan, malacca tree and the variants in spelling aola, ammalaki, aamvala, aawallaa, dharty, nillika, and nellikya.
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