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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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PF-04136309


STR1

Image result for PF-04136309

PF 4136309

PF4136309; PF 4136309; PF-4136309; PF04136309; PF4136309; PF-04136309; INCB8761; INCB 8761; INCB-8761

(S)-N-(2-(3-((4-hydroxy-4-(5-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl)cyclohexyl)amino)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

N-[2-[(3S)-3-[[trans-4-Hydroxy-4-[5-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl]cyclohexyl]amino]-1-pyrrolidinyl]-2-oxoethyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

N-[2-((3S)-3-[4-hydroxy-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)cyclohexyl]aminopyrrolidin-1-yl)-2- oxoethyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

1341224-83-6
MF: C29H31F3N6O3
MW: 568.24097

CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) antagonist

Image result for PFIZER

Pfizer Limited

Gary Burgess

Image result for INCYTE

PF-4136309, also known as INCB8761, is an orally available human chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) antagonist with potential immunomodulating and antineoplastic activities. Upon oral administration, CCR2 antagonist PF-04136309 specifically binds to CCR2 and prevents binding of the endothelium-derived chemokine ligand CLL2 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 or MCP1) to its receptor CCR2, which may result in inhibition of CCR2 activation and signal transduction. This may inhibit inflammatory processes as well as angiogenesis, tumor cell migration, and tumor cell proliferation. The G-protein coupled receptor CCR2 is expressed on the surface of monocytes and macrophages, stimulates the migration and infiltration of these cell types, and plays an important role in inflammation, angiogenesis, and tumor cell migration and proliferation.

  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Analgesics
  • Mechanism of Action CCR2 receptor antagonists

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase I/II Pancreatic cancer
  • Discontinued Hepatic fibrosis; Pain

Most Recent Events

  • 01 Apr 2016 Phase-I/II clinical trials in Pancreatic cancer (Combination therapy, First-line therapy, Metastatic disease) in USA (PO) (NCT02732938)
  • 01 Dec 2015 Phase-I clinical trials in Pancreatic cancer (In volunteers) in Belgium (PO) (NCT02598206)
  • 09 Nov 2015 Pfizer plans a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in Belgium and USA (NCT02598206)

STR1

(S)-N-[2-(3-{trans-4-Hydroxy-4-[5-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-2-
yl]cyclohexylamino}pyrrolidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

MS (M+H)+:569.2.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 9.57 – 9.45 (m, 1H), 8.94-8.84 (m, 2H), 8.82 –
8.72 (m, 1H), 8.27 – 8.19 (m, 1H), 8.15 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.91 – 7.84 (m, 2H), 7.69
(dd, J = 7.8, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.46-7.39 (m, 1H), 4.29 – 4.12 (m, 2H), 3.87 (dd, J = 10.1, 6.4
Hz, 0.5H), 3.83 – 3.39 (m, 3.5H), 3.38 – 3.32 (m, 1H), 3.02 – 2.91 (m, 1H), 2.51 – 2.35
(m, 2H), 2.34 – 2.14 (m, 1H), 2.13 – 1.88 (m, 2.5H), 1.88 – 1.76 (m, 0.5H), 1.74 – 1.56
(m, 4H).

Anal. (C29H31F3N6O3): calcd C 61.24, H 5.50, N 14.79; found C 61.18, H 5.59,
N 14.87.

INTERMEDIATES

8-(5-Bromopyridin-2-yl)-1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ol

str1

LC-MS (M+H)+: 316.1/314.1. 1H NMR (300 MHz,CDCl3): δ 8.60 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (d, 1 H), 7.38 (d, 1 H), 4.6 (s, 1 H), 4.0 (m, 4 H), 2.2 (m, 4
H), 1.7 (m, 4 H).

8-(5-Pyrimidin-2-ylpyridin-2-yl)-1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ol

str1

LC-MS (M+H)+: 314.2.

 

4-Hydroxy-4-(5-pyrimidin-2-ylpyridin-2-yl)cyclohexanone

str1

MS
(M+H)+: 270.2.

tert-Butyl [(S)-1-({[3-(Trifluoromethyl)benzoyl]amino}acetyl)
pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate.

STR1

MS (M-Boc+H)+: 316.

 

(S)-N-{2-[3-Aminopyrrolidin-1-yl]-2-oxoethyl}-3-(trifluoromethyl)
benzamide hydrochloride

str1

MS
(M+H)+: 316.

 

 

PATENT

WO 2012114223

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2012114223A1?cl=en

Example 35

Step A

Figure imgf000062_0002

8-(4-lodo-phenyl)-1 ,4-dioxa-spiro[4.5]decan-8-ol. To a solution of 1 ,4-diiodobenzene (16.5 g, 50 mmol) in THF (350 mL) at -78°C was added n-BuLi (2.5 M, 24 mL) over 1 hour. After stirred additional 30 minutes, a solution of 1 ,4-dioxa-spiro[4.5]decan-8-one (7.8 g, 50 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added in and the resulting mixture was stirred for 3 hours. To the mixture was added TMSCI (5.4 g, 50 mmol) and the resulting mixture was allowed to warm to rt and stirred at rt for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was neutralized to pH 6.0, and extracted with ethyl acetate (3X 50 mL). The organic extracts were combined, washed with saline solution (2X 50 mL), dried over sodium sulfate, concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel, eluting with hexane/ethyl acetate (95/5 to 100/0). The appropriate fractions were combined to give 8-(4-lodo-phenyl)-1 ,4-dioxa-spiro[4.5]decan-8-ol (12 g, 66.6%) with LCMS: 361 .2 (M+H+, 100%) and {[8-(4-iodophenyl)-1 ,4- dioxaspiro[4.5]dec-8-yl]oxy}(trimethyl)silane (6 g, 27%) with LCMS: 433.1 (M+H+, 100%). Step B

Figure imgf000063_0001

8-(4-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)-1 ,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ol. To a solution of 8-(4-iodo- phenyl)-1 ,4-dioxa-spiro[4.5]decan-8-ol (450.0 mg, 1.249 mmol) in THF (1.0 mL) at room temperature was added dropwise isopropylmagnesium chloride (2.0 M in THF, 1 .37 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 mins. To another flask charged with nickel acetylacetonate (20 mg, 0.06 mmol) and 1 ,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)-propane (26 mg, 0.062 mmol) suspened in THF (3 mL) under N2 was added 2-bromopyrimidine (199 mg, 1.25 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature until it is clear. The second mixture was transferred into the degassed Grignard solution prepared in step 1. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc, quenched with water, washed with brine, dried overNa2S04, and concentrated. The residue was columned on silica gel, eluted with hexane/EtOAc (2/1 ), to gave the desired compound (270 mg, 69%) as white solid. LCMS: 313.1 , (M+H, 100%). 1H

NMR (CDCIs): δ 8.86 (d, 2H), 8.46 (dd, 2H), 7.71 (dd, 2H), 7.24 (t, 1 H), 4.05 (d, 4H), 2.30 (dt, 2H), 2.18 (dt, 2H), 1 .90 (m, 2H), 1 .78 (m, 2H).

Step C

Figure imgf000063_0002

4-Hydroxy-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)cyclohexanone. The title compound was prepared by treating the ketal of step B with HCI in water following the procedure described in step B of Example 2. MS (M+H)+ 269.

Step D

Figure imgf000063_0003

N-[2-((3S)-3-[4-hydroxy-4-(4-pyrimidin-2-ylphenyl)cyclohexyl]aminopyrrolidin-1-yl)-2- oxoethyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide bis(trifluoroacetate) (salt). To a 1-neck round-bottom flask charged with methylene chloride (1 ml.) was added 4-hydroxy-4-(4-pyrimidin-2- ylphenyl)cyclohexanone (50.0 mg, 0.186 mmol), N-2-[(3S)-3-aminopyrrolidin-1-yl]-2- oxoethyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide hydrochloride (65.5 mg, 0.186 mmol), and triethylamine (85.7 uL, 0.615 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 25°C for 30 minutes, and to it was added sodium triacetoxyborohydride (62.4 mg, 0.28 mmol) in portion. The reaction mixture was stirring at rt overnight. The reaction was concentrated, and the residue was chromatographed on Si02, eluted with acetone/methanol (100% to 90%/10%) to give two fractions, which were further purified on prep-LCMS separately to afford F1 (24.2 mg ) and F2 (25.9 mg) as white powder in total 34% of the yield. LCMS: 568.2 (M+H, 100%)

Paper

Discovery of INCB8761/PF-4136309, a Potent, Selective, and Orally Bioavailable CCR2 Antagonist

Incyte Corporation, Experimental Station E336, Wilmington, Delaware 19880, United States
Pfizer Global Research and Development, Chesterfield Parkway West, St. Louis, Missouri 63017, United States
ACS Med. Chem. Lett., 2011, 2 (12), pp 913–918
Tel: 302-498-6706. Fax: 302-425-2750. E-mail: cxue@incyte.com.
Abstract Image

We report the discovery of a new (S)-3-aminopyrrolidine series of CCR2 antagonists. Structure–activity relationship studies on this new series led to the identification of 17 (INCB8761/PF-4136309) that exhibited potent CCR2 antagonistic activity, high selectivity, weak hERG activity, and an excellent in vitro and in vivo ADMET profile. INCB8761/PF-4136309 has entered human clinical trials.

HPLC

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10337-015-2860-8

A precise and sensitive LC method was developed and further validated for the determination of enantiomeric purity of (S)-N-[2-(3-{trans-4-hydroxy-4-[5-(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl] cyclohexylamino} pyrrolidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl) benzamide (PF-04136309). Baseline separation with a resolution higher than 1.8 was accomplished within 40 min using a CHIRALPAK AD (250 × 4.6 mm; particle size 5 μm) column, with n-hexane:2-propanol (70:30v/v) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1 mL min−1. The eluted analytes were subsequently detected with a UV detector at 260 nm. The effects of mobile phase components and temperature on enantiomeric selectivity as well as the resolution of enantiomers were thoroughly investigated. The calibration curves were plotted within a concentration range between 0.01 and 1 mg mL−1 (n = 9), and recoveries between 98.17 and 101.28 % were obtained, with relative standard deviation (RSD) lower than 1.44 %. The LOD and LOQ for PF-04136309 were 3.59 and 11.54 μg mL−1 and for its enantiomer were 3.39 and 11.28 μg mL−1, respectively. The developed method was demonstrated to be accurate, robust and sensitive for the determination of enantiomeric purity of PF-04136309, especially for the analysis of bulk samples.

REFERENCES

1: Xue CB, Wang A, Han Q, Zhang Y, Cao G, Feng H, Huang T, Zheng C, Xia M, Zhang K, Kong L, Glenn J, Anand R, Meloni D, Robinson DJ, Shao L, Storace L, Li M, Hughes RO, Devraj R, Morton PA, Rogier DJ, Covington M, Scherle P, Diamond S, Emm T, Yeleswaram S, Contel N, Vaddi K, Newton R, Hollis G, Metcalf B. Discovery of INCB8761/PF-4136309, a Potent, Selective, and Orally Bioavailable CCR2 Antagonist. ACS Med Chem Lett. 2011 Oct 5;2(12):913-8. doi: 10.1021/ml200199c. eCollection 2011 Dec 8. PubMed PMID: 24900280; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4018168.

http://www.pfizer.com/files/news/asco/ASCO2016_PipelineFactSheet_CCR2.pdf

//////1341224-83-6, PF 4136309, PF4136309,  PF 4136309, PF-4136309, PF04136309, PF4136309, PF-04136309, INCB8761, INCB 8761, INCB-8761, PFIZER, PHASE 2

O=C(NCC(N1C[C@@H](NC2CCC(C3=NC=C(C4=NC=CC=N4)C=C3)(O)CC2)CC1)=O)C5=CC=CC(C(F)(F)F)=C5

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ANIDULAFUNGIN


Anidulafungin Molecular Structure 2.png

OR

Anidulafungin

V-Echinocandin

CAS Number 166663-25-8

N-[(3S,6S,9S,11R,15S,18S,20R,21R,24S,25S,26S)-6-[(1S,2R)-1,2-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]-11,20,21,25-tetrahydroxy-3,15-bis[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-26-methyl-2,5,8,14,17,23-hexaoxo-1,4,7,13,16,22-hexaazatricyclo[22.3.0.09,13]heptacosan-18-yl]- 4-{4-[4-(pentyloxy)phenyl]phenyl}benzamide

  • LY-307853
  • LY-329960
  • LY-333006
  • LY303366
  • VEC
  • VER-002

1H NMR (700 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 0.91 (t, 3H), 1.12 (d, 3H), 1.36 (m, 2H), 1.41 (m, 2H), 1.74 (p, 2H), 1.88 and 1.97 (overlapped, 2H), 3.85 (overlapped, 1H), 4.01 (t, 2H), 4.35 (overlapped, 1H), 4.44 (m, 1H), 4.76 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 5.02 (m, 1H), 5.07 (d, 1H), 5.52 (d, 1H), 7.04 (d, 1H), 7.66 (d, 1H), 7.74 (d, 1H), 7.80 (d, 1H), 7.82 (d, 1H), 7.97 (d, 1H), 8.01 (d, 1H), 8.14 (broad s, 1H), 8.60 (d, 1H). IR (cm−1)

KBr νmax; 3450 (O−H), 2932 (C−H), 2871 (C−H), 1632 (C═O), 1517 (Ar), 1488 (Ar), 1248 (C−O), 821 (C−H out-of-plane bending Ar 2 adj H’s).

Anidulafungin (brand names: Eraxis (in U.S. and Russia), Ecalta (in Europe)) is a semisynthetic echinocandin used as anantifungal drug. Anidulafungin was originally manufactured and submitted for FDA approval by Vicuron Pharmaceuticals.[1] Pfizeracquired the drug upon its acquisition of Vicuron in the fall of 2005.[2] Pfizer gained approval by the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) on February 21, 2006;[3] it was previously known as LY303366. Preliminary evidence indicates it has a similar safety profile tocaspofungin. Anidulafungin has proven efficacy against esophageal candidiasis, but its main use will probably be in invasive Candidainfection;[4][5][6] it may also have application in treating invasive Aspergillus infection. It is a member of the class of antifungal drugs known as the echinocandins; its mechanism of action is by inhibition of (1→3)-β-D-glucan synthase, an enzyme important to the synthesis of the fungal cell wall.

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

Anidulafungin significantly differs from other antifungals in that it undergoes chemical degradation to inactive forms at body pH and temperature. Because it does not rely on enzymatic degradation or hepatic or renal excretion, the drug is safe to use in patients with any degree of hepatic or renal impairment.[7]

Distribution: 30–50 L. Protein binding: 84%.

Anidulafungin is not evidently metabolized by the liver. This specific drug undergoes slow chemical hydrolysis to an open-ring peptide which lacks antifungal activity. The half-life of the drug is 27 hours. Thirty percent is excreted in the feces (10% as unchanged drug). Less than 1% is excreted in the urine.[8][9][10]

Mechanism of action

Anidulafungin inhibits glucan synthase, an enzyme important in the formation of (1→3)-β-D-glucan, a major fungal cell wall component. Glucan synthase is not present in mammalian cells, so it is an attractive target for antifungal activity.[11]

Semisynthesis

Anidulafungin is manufactured via semisynthesis. The starting material is echinocandin B (a lipopeptide fermentation product ofAspergillus nidulans or the closely related species, A. rugulosus), which undergoes deacylation (cleavage of the linoleoyl side chain) by the action of a deacylase enzyme from the bacterium Actinoplanes utahensis;[12] in three subsequent synthetic steps, including a chemical reacylation, the antifungal drug anidulafungin[11][13] is synthesized.

Aspergillus nidulans. Anidulafungin is an echinocandin, a class of antifungal drugs that inhibits the synthesis of 1,3-β-D-glucan, an essential component of fungal cell walls.

ERAXIS (anidulafungin) is 1-[(4R,5R)-4,5-dihydroxy-N -[[4“-(pentyloxy)[1,1′:4′,1”-terphenyl]-4-yl]carbonyl]-L-ornithine]echinocandin B. Anidulafungin is a white to off-white powder that is practically insoluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol. In addition to the active ingredient, anidulafungin, ERAXIS for Injection contains the following inactive ingredients:

50 mg/vialfructose (50 mg), mannitol (250 mg), polysorbate 80 (125 mg), tartaric acid (5.6 mg), and sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment.

100 mg/vial – fructose (100 mg), mannitol (500 mg), polysorbate 80 (250 mg), tartaric acid (11.2 mg), and sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment.

The empirical formula of anidulafungin is C58H73N7O17 and the formula weight is 1140.3. The structural formula is

ERAXIS™ (anidulafung in) Structural Formula Illustration

Prior to administration, ERAXIS for Injection requires reconstitution with sterile Water for Injection and subsequent dilution with either 5% DextroseInjection, USP or 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (normal saline).

SYNTHESIS

J MED CHEM 1995, 38 3271-3281

Semisynthetic Chemical Modification of the Antifungal Lipopeptide …

pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm00017a012

by M Debono – ‎1995 – ‎Cited by 113 – ‎Related articles

Aug 1, 1995 – J. Med. Chem. , 1995, 38 (17), pp 3271–3281. DOI: 10.1021/jm00017a012 … Journal ofMedicinal Chemistry 2001 44 (16), 2671-2674

Echinocandin B (ECB) is a lipopeptide composed of a complex cyclic peptide acylated at the N-terminus by linoleic acid. Enzymatic deacylation of ECB provided the peptide “nucleus” as a biologically inactive substrate from which novel ECB analogs were generated by chemical reacylation at the N-terminus. Varying the acyl group revealed that the structure and physical properties of the side chain, particularly its geometry and lipophilicity, played a pivotal role in determining the antifungal potency properties of the analog. Using CLOGP values to describe and compare the lipophilicities of the side chain fragments, it was shown that values of > 3.5 were required for expression of antifungal activity. Secondly, a linearly rigid geometry of the side chain was the most effective shape in enhancing the antifungal potency. Using these parameters as a guide, a variety of novel ECB analogs were synthesized which included arylacyl groups that incorporated biphenyl, terphenyl, tetraphenyl, and arylethynyl groups. Generally the glucan synthase inhibition by these analogs correlated well with in vitro and in vivo activities and was likewise influenced by the structure of the side chain. These structural variations resulted in enhancement of antifungal activity in both in vitro and in vivo assays. Some of these analogs, including LY303366 (14a), were effective by the oral route of administration.

str1

PATENT

US 5965525

http://www.google.co.in/patents/US5965525

PATENT

US 4293482

http://www.google.co.in/patents/US4293482

Paper

Commercialization and Late-Stage Development of a Semisynthetic Antifungal API: Anidulafungin/d-Fructose (Eraxis)

Chemical Research and Development, Pfizer Inc. Global Research and Development Laboratories, Eastern Point Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340, U.S.A.
Org. Process Res. Dev., 2008, 12 (3), pp 447–455
DOI: 10.1021/op800055h

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op800055h

* Corresponding author. E-mail: timothy.norris@pfizer.com. Telephone: +860 441 4406 . Fax: +860 686 5340.

Abstract Image

Many years ago anidulafungin 1 was identified as a potentially useful medicine for the treatment of fungal infections. Its chemical and physical properties as a relatively high molecular weight semisynthetic derived from echinocandin B proved to be a significant hurdle to its final presentation as a useful medicine. It has recently been approved as an intravenous treatment for invasive candidaisis, an increasingly common health hazard that is potentially life-threatening. The development and commercialization of this API, which is presented as a molecular mixture of anidulafungin and d-fructose is described. This includes, single crystal X-ray structures of the starting materials, the echinocandin B cyclic-peptide nucleus (ECBN·HCl) and the active ester 1-({[4′′-(pentyloxy)-1,1′:4′,1′′-terphenyl-4-yl]carbonyl}oxy)-1H-1,2,3-benzotriazole (TOBt). Details of the structure and properties of starting materials, scale-up chemistry and unusual crystallization phenomena associated with the API formation are discussed.

str1

References

  1.  PRNewswire. Vicuron Pharmaceuticals Files New Drug Application (NDA) for Anidulafungin for Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis/Candidemia 08-18-2005.
  2. Jump up^ PRNewswire. Vicuron Pharmaceuticals Stockholders Approve Merger With Pfizer 08-15-2005
  3.  “FDA Approves New Treatment for Fungal Infections”. FDA News Release. Food and Drug Administration. 2006-02-21. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
  4.  Krause DS, Reinhardt J, Vazquez JA, Reboli A, Goldstein BP, Wible M, Henkel T (2004). “Phase 2, randomized, dose-ranging study evaluating the safety and efficacy of anidulafungin in invasive candidiasis and candidemia”. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48 (6): 2021–4.doi:10.1128/AAC.48.6.2021-2024.2004. PMC 415613. PMID 15155194.
  5. Jump up^ Pfaller MA, Boyken L, Hollis RJ, Messer SA, Tendolkar S, Diekema DJ (2005). “In Vitro Activities of Anidulafungin against More than 2,500 Clinical Isolates of Candida spp., Including 315 Isolates Resistant to Fluconazole”. J Clin Microbiol 43 (11): 5425–7.doi:10.1128/JCM.43.11.5425-5427.2005. PMC 1287823. PMID 16272464.
  6. J Pfaller MA, Diekema DJ, Boyken L, Messer SA, Tendolkar S, Hollis RJ, Goldstein BP (2005). “Effectiveness of anidulafungin in eradicating Candida species in invasive candidiasis”. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49 (11): 4795–7. doi:10.1128/AAC.49.11.4795-4797.2005.PMC 1280139. PMID 16251335.
  7. Jump up^ “Eraxis at RxList”. 2009-06-24. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
  8.  Trissel LA and Ogundele AB, “Compatibility of Anidulafungin With Other Drugs During Simulated Y-Site Administration,”Am J Health-Sys Pharm, 2005, 62:834-7.
  9.  Vazquez JA, “Anidulafungin: A New Echinocandin With a Novel Profile,” Clin Ther, 2005, 27(6):657-73.
  10. Jump up^ Walsh TJ, Anaissie EJ, Denning DW, et al., “Treatment of Aspergillosis: Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America,” Clin Infect Dis, 2008, 46(3):327-60
  11. Denning DW (1997). “Echinocandins and pneumocandins – a new antifungal class with a novel mode of action”. J Antimicrob Chemother 40 (5): 611–614. doi:10.1093/jac/dkf045.PMID 9421307.
  12.  Lei Shao; Jian Li; Aijuan Liu; Qing Chang; Huimin Lin; Daijie Chen (2013). “Efficient Bioconversion of Echinocandin B to Its Nucleus by Overexpression of Deacylase Genes in Different Host Strains”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79 (4): 1126–1133. doi:10.1128/AEM.02792-12. PMC 3568618. PMID 23220968.
  13.  “Anidulafungin EMA Europa” (PDF).
Anidulafungin
Anidulafungin Molecular Structure 2.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[(3S,6S,9S,11R,15S,18S,20R,21R,24S,25S,26S)-6-[(1S,2R)-1,2-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]-11,20,21,25-tetrahydroxy-3,15-bis[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-26-methyl-2,5,8,14,17,23-hexaoxo-1,4,7,13,16,22-hexaazatricyclo[22.3.0.09,13]heptacosan-18-yl]- 4-{4-[4-(pentyloxy)phenyl]phenyl}benzamide
Clinical data
Trade names Eraxis
AHFS/Drugs.com Monograph
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding 84 %
Biological half-life 40–50 hours
Identifiers
CAS Number 166663-25-8 Yes
ATC code J02AX06 (WHO)
PubChem CID 166548
DrugBank DB00362 Yes
ChemSpider 21106258 Yes
UNII 9HLM53094I Yes
KEGG D03211 
ChEBI CHEBI:55346
ChEMBL CHEMBL1630215 
Chemical data
Formula C58H73N7O17
Molar mass 1140.24 g/mol

//////////FUNGIN, ANIDULAFUNGIN, Eraxis , Ecalta,  semisynthetic echinocandin, anantifungal drug, FDA 2006, PFIZER, LY-307853, LY-329960, LY-333006, LY303366, VEC, VER-002, 166663-25-8, Eli Lilly and Company Inc.

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CCCCCOc1ccc(cc1)c2ccc(cc2)c3ccc(cc3)C(=O)N[C@H]6C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)NC(=O)C4[C@@H](O)[C@@H](C)CN4C(=O)C(NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C5C[C@@H](O)CN5C(=O)C(NC6=O)[C@@H](C)O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)c7ccc(O)cc7)[C@@H](C)O

Supporting Info

Varenicline (Chantix™) バレニクリン酒石酸塩


Varenicline.svg

Varenicline (Chantix™)

Varenicline

  • MF C13H13N3
  • MW 211.26
(1R,12S)-5,8,14-Triazatétracyclo[10.3.1.02,11.04,9]hexadéca-2,4,6,8,10-pentaène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
6,10-Methano-6H-azepino[4,5-g]quinoxaline, 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-, (6R,10S)- [ACD/Index Name]
Champix
(1R,12S)-5,8,14-triazatetracyclo[10.3.1.02,11.04,9]hexadeca-2(11),3,5,7,9-pentaene
CP-526,555
MFCD08460603
MFCD10001497
UNII:W6HS99O8ZO
APPROVALS
FDA MAY 10, 2006
EMA SEPT 2006
PMDA JAPAN JAN 25 2008

Varenicline (trade name Chantix and Champix usually in the form of varenicline tartrate), is a prescription medication used to treatnicotine addiction. Varenicline is a nicotinic receptor partial agonist—it stimulates nicotine receptors more weakly than nicotine itself does. In this respect it is similar to cytisine and different from the nicotinic antagonist, bupropion, and nicotine replacement therapies(NRTs) like nicotine patches and nicotine gum. As a partial agonist it both reduces cravings for and decreases the pleasurable effects of cigarettes and other tobacco products. Through these mechanisms it can assist some patients to quit smoking.

Varenicline

Varenicline
CAS Registry Number: 249296-44-4
CAS Name: 7,8,9,10-Tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino[2,3-h][3]benzazepine
Additional Names: 5,8,14-triazatetracyclo[10.3.1.02,11.04,9]hexadeca-2(11)-3,5,7,9-pentaene
Manufacturers’ Codes: CP-526555
Molecular Formula: C13H13N3
Molecular Weight: 211.26
Percent Composition: C 73.91%, H 6.20%, N 19.89%
Literature References: Nicotinic a4b2 acetylcholine receptor partial agonist. Prepn: P. R. P. Brooks, J. W. Coe, WO 0162736(2001 to Pfizer). Synthesis, receptor binding studies, and in vivo dopaminergic acitvity: J. W. Coe et al., J. Med. Chem. 48, 3474 (2005). Metabolism: R. S. Obach et al., Drug Metab. Dispos. 34, 121 (2006).
Derivative Type: Tartrate
CAS Registry Number: 375815-87-5
Trademarks: Champix (Pfizer)
Molecular Formula: C13H13N3.C4H6O6
Molecular Weight: 361.35
Percent Composition: C 56.51%, H 5.30%, N 11.63%, O 26.57%
Therap-Cat: Aid in smoking cessation.
バレニクリン酒石酸塩
Varenicline Tartrate

C13H13N3▪C4H6O6 : 361.35
[375815-87-5]

Medical uses

Varenicline is used for smoking cessation. In a 2009 meta-analysis varenicline was found to be more effective than bupropion (odds ratio 1.40) and NRTs (odds ratio 1.56).[1]

A 2013 Cochrane overview and network meta-analysis concluded that varenicline is the most effective medication for tobacco cessation and that smokers were nearly three times more likely to quit on varenicline than with placebo treatment. Varenicline was more efficacious than bupropion or NRT and as effective as combination NRT for tobacco smoking cessation.[2][3]

The United States’ Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) has approved the use of varenicline for up to twelve weeks. If smoking cessation has been achieved it may be continued for another twelve weeks.[4]

Varenicline has not been tested in those under 18 years old or pregnant women and therefore is not recommended for use by these groups. Varenicline is considered a class C pregnancy drug, as animal studies have shown no increased risk of congenital anomalies, however, no data from human studies is available.[5] An observational study is currently being conducted assessing for malformations related to varenicline exposure, but has no results yet.[6] An alternate drug is preferred for smoking cessation during breastfeeding due to lack of information and based on the animal studies on nicotine.[7]

Varenicline L-tartrate (Compound I) is the international commonly accepted name for 7,8,9,10- tetrahydro-6, 10-methano-6i7-pyrazino [2, 3- h] [3 ] benzazepme, (2R, 3R) -2 , 3-dihydroxybutanedioate (1:1) (which is also known as 5,8,14- tπazatetracyclo [10.3.1. O211. O49] -hexadeca-2 (11) , 3, 5, 7, 9-pentaene, (2R, 3R)-2,3- dihydroxybutanedioate (1:1)) and has an empirical formula of C13H13N3 C4H6O6 and a molecular weight of 361.35. Varenicline L-tartrate is a commercially marketed pharmaceutically active substance known to be useful for the treatment of smoking addiction.

Figure imgf000002_0001

(D

Varenicline L-tartrate is a partial agonist selective for (X4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes. In the United States, varenicline L-tartrate is marketed under the name Chantix™ for the treatment of smoking cessation. Varenicline base and its pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts are described in U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550. In particular, Example 26 of U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550 describes the preparation of varenicline hydrochloride salt using 1- (4 , 5-dinitro-10- aza-tπcyclo [6.3.1.O27] dodeca-2, 4, 6-trien-10-yl) -2,2,2- tπfluoroethanone (compound of formula (III)) as starting compound. On the other hand, Example HA) of U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550 illustrates the preparation of compound of formula (III) via nitration of compound of formula (II) using an excess of nitronium triflate (>4 equiv) as a nitrating agent. The process disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550 is depicted in Scheme 1.

Figure imgf000003_0001

VareniclineΗCl

Scheme 1

However, Coe et al., J. Med. Chem., 48, 3474 (2005), describes the same process and examples as U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550, and it also reveals that this process affords intermediate ortho-4 , 5-dinitrocompound of formula (III) together with the meta-3, 5-dinitro- isomer (i.e. the meta-dinitrocompound) in a ratio 9:1. The presence of the meta-dinitrocompound may affect not only the purity of the intermediate compound of formula III but it may also have an effect on the purity of the final varenicline tartrate, given that it can be carried along the synthetic pathway and/or it can also give rise to other derivative impurities. Thereby, as well as in U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550, in order to isolate pure compound of formula (III) , the raw product is triturated with ethyl acetate/hexane to afford compound of formula (III) with 77% yield. Additionally, the mother liquor is purified by chromatography on silica gel to improve the yield to a total of 82.8%. However, this process is not desirable for industrial implementation since it requires extensive and complicated purification procedures, i.e. trituration of the solid product along with column chromatography purification of the mother liquor, which is not very efficient or suitable for industrial scale-up.

Several improved processes for the synthesis of varenicline or its salts have been reported in the literature (e.g. WO2006/090236) . However, none of these processes tackle the optimization of the purification step of compound of formula (III).

There is therefore the need for providing an improved process for the preparation of varenicline L- tartrate which involves simple experimental procedures well suited to industrial production, which avoids the use of column chromatography purifications, and which affords high pure varenicline L-tartrate which hence can be used directly as a starting product for the preparation of the marketed pharmaceutical speciality.

Additionally, it has been observed that varenicline L-tartrate is usually obtained as a yellow solid under – A –

standard synthetic conditions. In this regard, colour must be attributed to the presence of some specific impurities that may or may not be detectable by conventional methods such as HPLC. The presence of impurities may adversely affect the safety and shelf life of formulations. In this connection, International application No. WO2006/090236 describes the isolation of vareniclme L- tartrate as a white solid. However, in order to remove coloured impurities, the varenicline L-tartrate obtained in WO2006/090236 is treated with a particular activated carbon having a specific grade (i.e. Darco KB-B™) . In fact, Example 5 of WO2006/090236 describes a large reprocessing step which comprises: dissolving varenicline L-tartrate in water, adding toluene, basifying with NaOH aqueous solution, collecting the toluene phase containing varenicline free base, distilling, adding methanol, azeotropically distilling the mixture, and adding more methanol to obtain a methanolic solution containing varenicline free base, adding Darco KB-B™ (10% w/w) , stirring for one hour, filtering through a pad of celite, and treating with L-tartaric acid to give varenicline L- tartrate salt as a white solid. Further, WO2006/090236 provides the absorbance at 430 nm of a varenicline L- tartrate salt solution, either in dichloromethane or in toluene, with or without using Darco KB-B™ activated carbon. However, this measure cannot be used to corroborate the whiteness of the solid varenicline L- tartrate. In addition, Example 3 of International application No. WO2002/092089, also disclose the preparation of varenicline L-tartrate polymorphic form C (i.e. a hydrate polymorph) as a white precipitate. Therefore, there is also a need for a simple and efficient method for preparing varenicline L-tartrate with enhanced whiteness and having a high purity.

SYNTHESIS

Synthesis of Intermediate VIII

Paper

J. Med. Chem. 48, 3474 (2005).

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/jm050069n

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PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2001062736A1?cl=en

CLIP

Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients and Related Methodology, Volume 37

edited by Harry G. Brittain

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SYNTHESIS

DOI: 10.1021/jm00190a020
DOI: 10.1021/jm050069n

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Scheme (I) compound patent US6410550B1 is provided adjacent difluorobromobenzene as raw materials by DA reaction, oxidation, cyclization, debenzylation get varenicline intermediate (II). The synthesis route is as follows:

Figure CN102827079AD00051
CLIP

Patent CN101693712A mainly given varenicline intermediate (II) The preparation process is different from the compound patented. After the five-step method patents cited compounds. The entire route is longer, while using a large number of precious metal catalysts and reaction conditions need very strict control, inappropriate EVAL industry production.

Figure CN102827079AD00052
CLIP

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PATENT

CN 102827079

A varenicline intermediate 2,3, 4, 5-tetrahydro-1,5-methylene bridge synthesis -1H-3- benzazepine hydrochloride, which comprises the following Step: (1) 2-indanone of formula 3 and the compound and paraformaldehyde under alkaline or acidic conditions Mannich reaction, as shown in general formula 2 intermediate; (2) the step (I) obtained through reaction of Formula 2 intermediate under basic or acidic conditions by reducing the role of the carbonyl group is reduced to a methylene group, and get varenicline intermediate (II) by debenzylation, the reaction is:

Figure CN102827079AC00021

Wherein, R groups are selected from _H, _Me, _Et, _iPr> _t_Bu.

Figure 2;

Figure CN102827079AD00072

Wherein, R group is -H, -Me, -Et, -iPr or -t_Bu.

(2) Step (I) obtained by the reaction intermediates of formula under basic or acidic conditions by reducing the role of the carbonyl group is reduced 2 methylene, and get by debenzylation cutting Lenk Lin intermediate (II);

Figure CN102827079AD00073

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CLIP

Varenicline, a nicotinic 􀀁4􀀂2 partial agonist, was approved in the US for the treatment of smoking cessation in May of 2006. It was developed and marketed by Pfizer as a treatment for cigarette smokers who want to quit. Varenicline partially activates the nicotinic receptors and thus reduces the craving for cigarette that smokers feel when they try to quit smoking. By mitigating this craving and antagonizing nicotine activity without other symptoms, this novel drug helps quitting this dangerous addiction easier on the patients [6,52]. Several modifications [54,55] to the original synthesis [53,56] have been reported in the literature, including an improved process scale synthesis of the last few steps (Scheme 15) [57]. The Grignard reaction was initiated on a small scale by addition of 2-bromo fluorobenzene 113 to a slurry of Magnesium turnings and catalytic 1,2-dibromoethane in THF and heating the mixture until refluxing in maintained. To this refluxing mixture was added a mixture of the 2-bromo fluorobenzene 113 and cyclopentadiene 114 over a period of 1.5 h. After complete addition, the reaction was allowed to reflux for additional 1.5 h to give the Diels- Alder product 115 in 64% yield. Dihydroxylation of the olefin 115 by reacting with catalytic osmium tetraoxide in the presence of N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMO) in acetone: water mixture at room temperature provided the diol 116 in 89% yield. Oxidative cleavage of diol 116 with sodium periodate in biphasic mixture of water: DCE at 10ºC provided di-aldehyde 117 which was immediately reacted with benzyl amine in the presence of sodium acetoxyborohydride to give benzyl amine 118 in 85.7% yield. The removal of the benzyl group was effected by hydrogenation of the HCl salt in 40-50 psi hydrogen pressure with 20% Pd(OH)2 in methanol to give amine hydrochloride 119 in 88% yield. Treatment of amine 119 with trifluoroacetic anhydride and pyridine in dichloromethane at 0ºC gave trifluoroacetamide 120 in 94% yield. Dinitro compound 121 was prepared by addition of trifluoroacetamide 120 to a mixture of trifluoromethane sulfonic acid and nitric acid, which was premixed, in dichloromethane at 0ºC. Reduction of the dinitro compound 121 by hydrogenation at 40-50 psi hydrogen in the presence of catalytic 5%Pd/C in isopropanol:water mixture provided the diamine intermediate 122 which was quickly reacted with glyoxal in water at room temperature for 18h to give compound 123 in 85% overall yield. The trifluoroacetamide 123 was then hydrolyzed with 2 M sodium hydroxide in toluene at 37-40ºC for 2-3h followed by preparation of tartrate salt in methanol to furnish varenicline tartrate (XV).

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[52]Keating, G.; Siddiqui, M. A. A. CNSdrugs, 2006, 11, 946.
[53] Coe, J. W.; Brooks, P. R.; Vetelino, M. G.; Wirtz, M. C.; Arnold,E. P. ; Huang, J.; Sands, S. B.; Davis, T. I.; Lebel, L. A.; Fox, C.
B.; Shrikhande, A.; Heym, J. H.; Schaeffer, E.; Rollema, H.; Lu,Y.; Mansbach, R. S.; Chambers, L. K.; Rovetti, C. C.; Schulz, D.
W.; Tingley, III, F. D.; O’Neill, B. T. J. Med. Chem., 2005, 48,3474.
[54] Brooks, P. R.; Caron, S.; Coe, J. W.; Ng, K. K.; Singer, R. A.;Vazquez, E.; Vetelino, M. G.; Watson, Jr. H. H.; Whritenour, D.
C.; Wirtz, M. C. Synthesis, 2004, 11, 1755.
[55] Singer, R. A.; McKinley, J. D.; Barbe, G.; Farlow, R. A. Org. Lett.,2004, 6, 2357.
[56] Coe, J. W.; Brooks, P. R. P. US-6410550 B1, 2002.
[57] Busch, F. R.; Hawkins, J. M.; Mustakis, L. G.; Sinay, T. G., Jr.;Watson, T. J. N.; Withbroe, G. J. WO-2006090236 A1, 2006.

PATENT

WO 2002085843

https://google.com/patents/WO2002085843A2?cl=en

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PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/EP2204369A1?cl=en

Varenicline (a compound I of formula I) is the international commonly accepted non-proprietary name for 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino[2,3-h][3]benzazepine (which is also known as 5,8,14-triazatetracyclo[10.3.1.02,11.04,9]-hexadeca-2(11),3,5,7,9-pentaene), and has an empirical formula of C13H13N3 and a molecular weight of 211.26.

Figure imgb0001

The L-tartrate salt of varenicline is known to be therapeutically useful and is commercially marketed for the treatment of smoking addiction. Varenicline L-tartrate is a partial agonist selective for α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes. In the United States, varenicline L-tartrate is marketed under the trade mark Chantix and is indicated as an aid to smoking cessation treatment.

Varenicline base and its pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts are described in U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550 . In particular, the preparation of varenicline provided in this reference makes use of 10-aza-tricyclo[6.3.1.02,7]-dodeca-2(7),3,5-triene (a compound of Formula VI), as a key intermediate compound (see Scheme 1 below). Specifically, Example 1 of U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550 describes the synthetic preparation of key intermediate compound of Formula VI as depicted in Scheme 1.

Figure imgb0002

1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,4-methano-naphthalene-cis-2,3-diol (a compound of Formula III), and / or indane-1,3-dicarbaldehyde (a compound of Formula IV).

Example 1: Preparation of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,4-methano-naphthalene-cis-2,3-diol (a compound of Formula III)

A 10mL round bottom flask was charged with a compound of formula II (142mg, 1mmol), N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (120mg, 1.03mmol), tert-butanol (3mL) and water (1mL). FibreCat 3003 (OsO4 anchored onto a polymeric support) (11.6mg, 0.0025mmol) was added to this solution and the mixture was heated to reflux. Complete conversion to a compound of formula III was detected by GC, method A, after 48h.

Example 2: Preparation of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,4-methano-naphthalene-cis-2,3-diol (a compound of Formula III)Step A) Preparation of hexadecyl-trimethylammoniumpermanganate (HTAP):

HTAP was prepared from ion exchange reaction between hexadecyltrimethylammoniumbromide and potassium permanganate.

Potassium permanganate (17.38g, 0.11mol, 1equiv.) was dissolved in 500mL water. A solution of hexadecyltrimethylammoniumbromide (40.10g, 0.11mol, 1equiv) in 500mL water was added drop-wise over 45 min at 20-22°C, and the mixture stirred for 30 minutes at this temperature. The precipitated solid was collected by filtration, washed with water (3 x 100mL) and dried under vacuum at 35°C for 24 hours to give 34.38g of HTAP as a light purple solid.

Step B) Preparation of a compound of formula III:

Compound II (3.52g, 24.8mmol, 1equiv.) was dissolved in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (80mL) and a solution of HTAP (10g, 24.8mmol, 1.0equiv.) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (125mL) was added drop-wise at 23-30°C over 45min. The reaction was monitored by TLC (hexane-ethyl acetate = 1:1). After complete reaction the mixture was cooled to below 10°C, and methyl tert-butyl ether (50mL) and 5% aqueous NaOH solution (50mL) were added and the mixture stirred for 30min. The solid was removed by filtration, and washed with methyl tert-butyl ether (2 x 30mL). The combined layers of the filtrate were separated and the aqueous phase extracted with methyl tert-butyl ether (2 x 30mL). The organic layers were combined and washed with 5% aqueous NaOH solution (50mL), water (2 x 50mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated to obtain a dark green solid. This residue was suspended in acetone (15mL) and collected by filtration, washing with additional acetone (3 x 5mL). The product was dried under vacuum at 40°C to give 2.215g (50.7% yield) as a white crystalline solid.

Analytical data: m.p. = 178.8-179.3°C; 1H-NMR: See Figure 1; 13C-NMR: See Figure 2.

Example 3: Preparation of indane-1,3-dicarbaldehyde (a compound of Formula IV)

A 25 mL round bottom flask was charged with a compound of formula I (142mg, 1mmol), Ruthenium (III) chloride hydrate (Aldrich, Reagent Plus) (7.2mg, 0.035mmol), acetonitrile (8.5mL) and water (1.1mL). The solution was heated to 45°C and sodium periodate (449mg, 2.1mmol) was added portionwise over 25 minutes. After 1h, the reaction was cooled to ambient temperature and filtered. The solids were washed with ethyl acetate (3 x 2mL) and water (3mL). The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum and 5mL of water were added to the obtained residue. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 5mL) and the combination of the organic layers was washed with water (3 x 5mL), dried with MgSO4 and concentrated under vacuum to obtain a compound of formula IV (118mg) in 68% yield, 70.9% purity (analyzed by GC, method A).

PATENT

WO 199935131, WO 2002092089, US 2013030179

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PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2009065872A2?cl=en

Example 1: Preparation of 7,8,9,10- tetrahydro-6, 10-methano-6H-pyrazino [2, 3-h] [3] benzazepine L-tartrate (i.e. varenicline L-tartrate)

A) Preparation of compound of formula (III)

This example is based on U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550.

A 250 mL round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, addition funnel and magnetic stirring was charged with 10-aza-tricyclo [ 6.3.1. O27] dodeca-2, 4, 6- triene para-toluene sulfonic acid salt (12.4g, 37.5 mmol) and 44 mL of CH2Cl2. Triethylamine (8.3 g, 82.5 mmol) was added to the slurry and the resulting solution was cooled to 0-5 0C. The addition funnel was charged with a solution of (CF3CO)2O (8.1q, 41.25 mmol) in 19 mL of CH2Cl2. This solution was slowly added to the reaction mixture, maintaining the temperature < 15 0C. The resulting mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and the complete conversion was monitored by GC. The crude reaction mixture was washed with water (2 * 40 mL) and brine (40 mL) . The organic phase was used in the next step without further purification.

On the other hand, a 500 mL round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, addition funnel and magnetic stirring was charged with CF3SO3H (25.9 g, 172.5 mmol), CH2Cl2 (110 mL) and cooled to 0-5 0C. At this temperature, fuming nitric acid (5.4 g, 86.25 mmol) was added slowly. To the resulting slurry at 0-5 0C, the solution obtained in the previous step was slowly added, maintaining the temperature < 15 0C. After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The complete dinitration was confirmed by GC. The crude reaction mixture was poured into water (60 mL) an ice (80 g) and stirred. The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with CH2Cl2 (3 x 50 mL) . The mixture of the organic phases was washed with aqueous saturated NaHCO3, dried over Na2SO4 and volatiles evaporated under vacuum to obtain 11.9 g of a solid that was suspended and stirred for 2 hours in AcOEt (12 mL) and hexanes (24 mL) . The solid was filtered and washed with hexanes to obtain the compound of formula (III), 9.1g with a purity of 88.9% by GC (9.8% of meta-dimtrocompound impurity) .

B) Preparation of compound of formula (IV)

This example is based on International Patent No. WO/2006/090236.

A 200 mL autoclave was charged with (III) (9.1 g, 26.3 mmol), damp 5% Pd/C 50% and 180 mL of a 2- propanol/water (80/20 wt/wt) . The reaction was stirred under 50 psi of hydrogen for 18 hours. The complete hydrogenation was confirmed by GC analysis. The reaction was filtered through Celite and washed with 2-propanol (40 mL) . To this solution, K2HPO4(458 mg, 2.63 mmol) was added. The mixture was cooled at 0-5 0C and a solution of 4.07 g of 40% aqueous glyoxal diluted with water (14.5 mL) was added slowly. The resulting solution was stirred 2 hours at this temperature and overnight at room temperature. The complete conversion was confirmed by GC analysis. The reaction was concentrated under vacuum to a volume of 68 mL and water (128 mL) was added drop- wise. The resulting suspension was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature, 1 hour in a ice/water bath, filtered, washed with water (20 mL) and dried m a oven at 50 0C to obtain the compound of formula (IV), 6.78 g.

C) Preparation of vareniclme L-tartrate (compound of formula (I) )

This example is based on International Patent No. WO/2006/090236.

A 250 mL round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, and magnetic stirring was charged with compound of formula (IV) (6.78 g, 22 mmol) and toluene

(47 mL) . To this solution was added a solution of NaOH (2.7 g, 68.2 mmol) in water (34 mL) . The mixture was heated to 400C and stirred for 4 hours. The complete hydrolysis was confirmed by GC analysis. Toluene (68 mL) was added and the reaction was cooled. The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with toluene (30 mL) . The organic phases were evaporated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (90 mL) and evaporated again. The final residue was dissolved in 156 mL of MeOH. 1.3 g of activated carbon “Darco G-60 100 mesh” were added and the mixture was stirred for 30 min and filtered through Celite to obtain an intense yellow solution. The process with activated carbon was repeated without any improvement in the colour. This solution was added drop-wise over a solution of L- tartaric acid (3.63 g, 24.2 mmol) in MeOH (47 mL) . The slurry was stirred for 72 hours at room temperature, filtered, washed with MeOH and dried in an oven at 50 0C for 8 hours, to obtain 5.05 g of varenicline L-tartrate as a yellow solid with a 95.5% purity by HPLC (4.4% of unknown impurity A). Colour L: 92.75, a*: -7.19, b*:43.08.

Comparative Example 2: Preparation of 7,8,9,10- tetrahydro-6, 10-methano-6H-pyrazmo [2, 3-h] [3 ] benzazepine L-tartrate (i.e. varenicline L-tartrate) A) Preparation of compound of formula (IV)

This example is based on International Patent No. WO/2006/090236.

A 200 mL autoclave was charged with (III) prepared according to Comparative Example 1.A) (4.1 g) , 123 mg of damp 5% Pd/C 50% and 81 mL of a 2-propanol/water (80/20 wt/wt) . The reaction was stirred under 50 psi of hydrogen for 24 hours. The complete hydrogenation was confirmed by GC analysis. The reaction was filtered through Celite and washed with 2-propanol (16 mL) . To this solution, K2HPO4 (207 mg, 1.19 mmol) was added. The mixture was cooled at 0-5 0C and a solution of 1.84 g of 40% aqueous glyoxal diluted with water (6.6 mL) was added slowly. The resulting solution was stirred 2 hours at this temperature and overnight at room temperature. The complete conversion was confirmed by GC analysis. The reaction was concentrated under vacuum to a volume of 30 mL and water (56 mL) was added drop-wise. The resulting suspension was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature, 1 hour in a ice/water bath, filtered, washed with water and dried in a oven at 50 0C to obtain 3.15 g of compound of formula (IV) .

B) Preparation of vareniclme L-tartrate (compound of formula (I) )

This example is based on International application No. WO/2006/090236. A 100 mL round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, and magnetic stirring was charged with

7, 8, 9, 10-tetrahydro-8- (tπfluoroacetyl) -6, 10-methano-6H- pyrazino [2 , 3-h] [3] benzazepine, i.e. compound of formula

(IV) (3.14 g, 10.2 mmol) and toluene (22 mL) . To this solution was added a solution of NaOH (1.3 g, 31.6 mmol) in water (16 mL) . The mixture was heated to 40 0C and stirred for 2.5 hours. The complete hydrolysis was confirmed by GC analysis. Toluene (30 mL) was added and the reaction was cooled. The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with toluene (15 mL) . The organic phases were evaporated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (45 mL) and evaporated again. The final residue was dissolved m 70 mL of MeOH. 314 mg of activated carbon “Darco G-60 100 mesh” were added and the mixture was stirred for 30 mm and filtered through Celite to obtain a yellow solution. This solution was added drop-wise over a solution of L- tartaπc acid (1.68 g, 11.22 mmol) m MeOH (22 mL) . The slurry was stirred for 1 hour at room temperature, filtered, washed with MeOH (2 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum, to obtain vareniclme L-tartrate (2.48 g) as a yellow solid with a 95.6% purity by HPLC (4.4% of unknown impurity A). Colour L: 99.50, a*: -4.98, b*:43.02

Comparative Example 3: Preparation of 7,8,9,10- tetrahydro-6, 10-methano-6H-pyrazino [2, 3-h] [3 ] benzazepine L-tartrate (i.e. vareniclme L-tartrate)

This example is based on International application No. WO/2002/092089.

2 g of vareniclme L-tartrate as obtained from Comparative Example 1 were dissolved in 3 mL of water.

To this solution, 100 mL of CH3CN were added, and the resulting slurry was stirred for 10 mm and filtered.

After drying the product was analysed to be a 98.2% purity by HPLC (1.7% of unknown impurity A) . Colour L: 91.44, a*: -3.24, b* : 33.47

Example 1: Preparation of 7, 8, 9, lO-tetrahydro-6, 10- methano-6H-pyrazmo [2, 3-h] [3] benzazepine L-tartrate

(i.e. vareniclme L-tartrate)

A) Preparation of compound of formula (III) This example is based on U.S. Patent No. 6,410,550, except for the purification step, which is the object of the present invention (i.e. crystallization in toluene) .

A 500 mL round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, addition funnel and magnetic stirring was charged with 10-aza-tricyclo [ 6.3.1. O27] dodeca-2, 4, 6- tπene para-toluene sulfonic acid salt (32.5g, 98.2 mmol) and 115 mL of CH2Cl2. Triethylamine (21.8 g, 216 mmol) was added to the slurry and the resulting solution was cooled to 0-5 0C. The addition funnel was charged with a solution of (CF3CO)2O (22.7 g, 108 mmol) in 50 mL of CH2Cl2. This solution was slowly added to the reaction mixture, maintaining the temperature < 15 0C. The resulting mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and the complete conversion was monitored by GC. The crude reaction mixture was washed with water (2 x 100 mL) and brine (100 mL) . The organic phase was used in the next step without further purification.

A l L round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, addition funnel and magnetic stirring was charged with CF3SO3H (67.8 g, 452 mmol), CH2Cl2 (280 mL) and cooled to 0-5 0C. At this temperature, fuming nitric acid (14.2 g, 226 mmol) was slowly added. To the resulting slurry at 0-5 0C, the solution obtained in the previous step was slowly added, maintaining the temperature < 15 0C. After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The complete dinitration was confirmed by GC. The crude reaction mixture was poured into water (150 mL) an ice (200 g) and stirred. The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with CH2Cl2 (100 mL) . The mixture of the organic phases was washed with aqueous saturated NaHCO3 (2×100 mL) , water (100 mL) , dried over Na2SO4 and volatiles evaporated under vacuum to obtain 30.5 g of a solid with a 83.6% purity by GC (12.5% of meta- dinitrocompound impurity) . 20 g of this solid were crystallized in toluene (100 mL) to obtain the compound of formula (III), 15 g of a pale brown solid with a 98.5 % purity by GC (meta-dinitrocompound impurity not detected) .

B) Preparation of compound of formula (IV) This example is based on International Patent No. WO/2006/090236.

A 200 mL autoclave was charged with (III) (9.1 g, 26.3 mmol, crystals from toluene), damp 5% Pd/C 50% and 180 mL of a 2-propanol/water (80/20 wt/wt) . The reaction was stirred under 50 psi of hydrogen for 18 hours. The complete hydrogenation was confirmed by GC analysis. The reaction was filtered over Celite and washed with 2- propanol (40 mL) . To this solution, K2HPO4 (458 mg, 2.63 mmol) was added. The mixture was cooled at 0-5 0C and a solution of 4.07 g of 40% aqueous glyoxal diluted with water (14.5 mL) was added slowly. The resulting solution was stirred 2 hours at this temperature and overnight at room temperature. The complete conversion was confirmed by GC analysis. The reaction was concentrated under vacuum to a volume of 68 mL and water (128 mL) was added drop-wise. The resulting suspension was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature, 1 hour in a ice/water bath, filtered, washed with water (20 mL) and dried m a oven at 50 0C to obtain the product, 7.16 g of compound of formula (IV) with a 99.9% purity by HPLC. C) Preparation of varenicline L-tartrate (compound of formula ( I) )

Thrs example rs based on International Patent No. WO/2006/090236. A 250 mL round bottom flask with thermometer, condenser, and magnetic stirring was charged with a solution of NaOH (2.89 g, 72.23 mmol) in water (36 mL) , compound of formula (IV) (7.15 g, 23.3 mmol) and toluene (50 mL) . The mixture was heated to 40 0C and stirred for 4 hours. The complete hydrolysis was confirmed by GC analysis. Toluene (71 mL) was added and the reaction was cooled. The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with toluene (36 mL) . The organic phases were evaporated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (110 mL) and evaporated again. The final residue was dissolved in 164 mL of MeOH. 750 mg of activated carbon “Darco G-60 100 mesh” were added and the mixture was stirred for 30 min and filtered through Celite to obtain a yellow solution. This solution was added drop- wise over a solution of L-tartaric acid (3.84 g, 25.6 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) . The slurry was stirred for 14 hours at room temperature, filtered, washed with MeOH and dried under vacuum, to obtain varenicline L-tartrate

(7.04 g) as an off-white solid with a >99.9% purity by HPLC (unknown impurity A not detected) . Colour L: 94.39, a*: 2.27, b*:9.02.

Post-marketing surveillance

No evidence for increased risks of cardiovascular events, depression, or self-harm with varenicline versus nicotine replacement therapy has been found in one post-marketing surveillance study.[23]

Mechanism of action

Varenicline displays full agonism on α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.[24][25] And it is a partial agonist on the α4β2, α3β4, and α6β2 subtypes.[26] In addition, it is a weak agonist on the α3β2 containing receptors.

Varenicline’s partial agonism on the α4β2 receptors rather than nicotine’s full agonism produces less effect of dopamine release than nicotine’s. This α4β2 competitive binding, reduces the ability of nicotine to bind and stimulate the mesolimbic dopamine system – similar to the method of action of buprenorphine in the treatment of opioid addiction.[3]

Pharmacokinetics

Most of the active compound is excreted by the kidneys (92–93%). A small proportion is glucuronidated, oxidised, N-formylated or conjugated to a hexose.[27] The elimination half-life is about 24 hours.

History

Use of Cytisus plant as a smoking substitute during World War II[28] led to use as a cessation aid in eastern Europe and extraction of cytisine.[29] Cytisine analogs led to varenicline at Pfizer.[30][31][32]

Varenicline received a “priority review” by the US FDA in February 2006, shortening the usual 10-month review period to 6 months because of its demonstrated effectiveness inclinical trials and perceived lack of safety issues.[33] The agency’s approval of the drug came on May 11, 2006.[4] On August 1, 2006, varenicline was made available for sale in the United States and on September 29, 2006, was approved for sale in the European Union.[34]

SEE

Busch FR, Concannon PE, Handfield RE, McKinley JD, McMahon ME, Singer RA, Watson TJ, Withbroe GJ, Stivanello M, Leoni L, Bezze C. Synthesis of (1 (Aminomethyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-3-yl)methanol: Structural Confirmation of the Main Band Impurity Found in Varenicline® Starting Material.Synth Commun. 2008;38:441–447. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00397910701771231.
Varenicline standards and impurity controls. www.freepatentsonline.com/US2007/0224690.html.
N-formyl and N-methyl degradation products. www.freepatentsonline.com/y2004/0235850.html.
Methods of reducing degradant formation in pharmaceutical compositions of Varenicline.www.freepatentsonline.com/y2008/0026059.html.
Varenicline standards and impurity controls. www.freepatentsonline.com/EP2004186.html.
Satheesh B, Kumarpulluru S, Raghavan V, Saravanan D. UHPLC Separation and Quantification of Related Substances of Varenicline Tartrate Tablet. Acta Chromatogr. 2010;22:207–218.http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/AChrom.22.2010.2.4.
STR1
US6410550 Nov 13, 1998 Jun 25, 2002 Pfizer Inc Aryl fused azapolycyclic compounds
WO2009155403A2 * Jun 18, 2009 Dec 23, 2009 Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Processes for the preparation of varenicline and intermediates thereof
Reference
1 * BHUSHAN, VIDYA; RATHORE, RAJENDRA; CHANDRASEKARAN, S.: “A Simple and Mild Method for the cis-Hydroxylation of Alkenes with Cetyltrimethylammonium Permanganate” SYNTHESIS, no. 5, 1984, pages 431-433, XP002581198
2 * BROOKS P R ET AL: “Synthesis of 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,5-methano-1H-3-benzaz epine via oxidative cleavage and reductive amination strategies” SYNTHESIS 20040803 DE, no. 11, 3 August 2004 (2004-08-03), pages 1755-1758, XP002581197 ISSN: 0039-7881
3 * SORBERA L A ET AL: “Varenicline tartrate: Aid to smoking cessation nicotinic [alpha]4[beta]2 partial agonist” DRUGS OF THE FUTURE 200602 ES LNKD- DOI:10.1358/DOF.2006.031.02.964028, vol. 31, no. 2, February 2006 (2006-02), pages 117-122, XP002581199 ISSN: 0377-8282 DOI: 10.1358/dof.2006.031.02.964028
WO2001062736A1 * Feb 8, 2001 Aug 30, 2001 Pfizer Products Inc. Aryl fused azapolycyclic compounds
WO2002085843A2 * Mar 4, 2002 Oct 31, 2002 Pfizer Products Inc. Process for the preparation of 1,3-substituted indenes and aryl-fused azapolycyclic compounds
WO2006090236A1 * Feb 21, 2006 Aug 31, 2006 Pfizer Products Inc. Preparation of high purity substituted quinoxaline
WO2008060487A2 * Nov 9, 2007 May 22, 2008 Pfizer Products Inc. Polymorphs of nicotinic intermediates
Reference
1 * COE J W ET AL: “Varenicline: an alpha4beta2 Nicotinic Receptor Partial Agonist for Smoking Cessation” JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, WASHINGTON., US, vol. 48, no. 10, 1 January 2005 (2005-01-01), pages 3474-3477, XP002474642 ISSN: 0022-2623 cited in the application
Citing Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
WO2010005643A1 * May 28, 2009 Jan 14, 2010 Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Processes for purifying varenicline l-tartrate salt and preparing crystalline forms of varenicline l-tartrate salt
WO2011110954A1 * Mar 8, 2011 Sep 15, 2011 Actavis Group Ptc Ehf Highly pure varenicline or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof substantially free of methylvarenicline impurity
WO2011154586A3 * Jun 13, 2011 Mar 22, 2012 Medichem, S. A. Improved methods for the preparation of quinoxaline derivatives
EP2581375A2 * Jun 13, 2011 Apr 17, 2013 Medichem, S.A. Improved methods for the preparation of quinoxaline derivatives
US8039620 May 21, 2009 Oct 18, 2011 Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Varenicline tosylate, an intermediate in the preparation process of varenicline L-tartrate
US8178537 Jun 22, 2010 May 15, 2012 Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Solid state forms of varenicline salts and processes for preparation thereof

References

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  28.  “[Cytisine as an aid for smoking cessation].”. Med Monatsschr Pharm 15 (1): 20–1. Jan 1992. PMID 1542278.
  29.  Prochaska, BMJ 347:f5198 2013 http://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f5198
  30.  Coe JW, Brooks PR, Vetelino MG, Wirtz MC, Arnold EP, Huang J, Sands SB, Davis TI, Lebel LA, Fox CB, Shrikhande A, Heym JH, Schaeffer E, Rollema H, Lu Y, Mansbach RS, Chambers LK, Rovetti CC, Schulz DW, Tingley FD 3rd, O’Neill BT (2005). “Varenicline: an alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonist for smoking cessation”. J. Med. Chem. 48(10): 3474–3477. doi:10.1021/jm050069n. PMID 15887955.
  31. Schwartz JL (1979). “Review and evaluation of methods of smoking cessation, 1969–77. Summary of a monograph”. Public Health Rep 94 (6): 558–63. PMC 1431736.PMID 515342.
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  34.  European Medicines Agency (2011-01-28). “EPAR summary for the public. Champix varenicline”. London. Retrieved 2011-02-14.

External links

Manufacturer’s website USA

STR1

Varenicline
Varenicline.svg
Varenicline ball-and-stick model.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
7,8,9,10-Tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino[2,3-h] [3]benzazepine
Clinical data
Trade names Chantix
AHFS/Drugs.com Monograph
MedlinePlus a606024
License data
Pregnancy
category
  • AU: B3
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Routes of
administration
Oral
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding <20%
Metabolism Limited (<10%)
Biological half-life 24 hours
Excretion Renal (81–92%)
Identifiers
CAS Number 249296-44-4 Yes 375815-87-5
ATC code N07BA03 (WHO)
PubChem CID 5310966
IUPHAR/BPS 5459
DrugBank DB01273 Yes
ChemSpider 4470510 Yes
UNII W6HS99O8ZO Yes
KEGG D08669 
ChEBI CHEBI:84500 
ChEMBL CHEMBL1076903 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C13H13N3
Molar mass 211.267 g/mol

////////////Varenicline, Chantix™, FDA 2006, 249296-44-4, 375815-87-5,  Champix , Pfizer, バレニクリン酒石酸塩

n1c2cc3c(cc2ncc1)[C@@H]4CNC[C@H]3C4

PF-06282999


Figure imgf000061_0002

PF 6282999

Alternative Names: PF-06282999; PF-6282999, PF-06282999

Cas 1435467-37-0

[2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide]

2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide

MF C13H12ClN3O3S
Molecular Weight: 325.767
Elemental Analysis: C, 47.93; H, 3.71; Cl, 10.88; N, 12.90; O, 14.73; S, 9.84

Irreversible inactivator of myeloperoxidase

Currently in clinical trials for the potential treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Phase I

  • Phase I Acute coronary syndromes

Most Recent Events

  • 01 Mar 2015 Pfizer terminates phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (NCT01965600)
  • 10 Sep 2014 Pfizer completes enrolment in its phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (NCT01965600)
  • 01 Feb 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in volunteers in USA (PO)

A drug potentially for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

img

PF-06282999 is a potent and selective myeloperoxidase Inhibitor which is potential useful for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases. PF-06282999 displayed excellent oral pharmacokinetics in preclinical species and robust irreversible inhibition of plasma MPO activity both in human blood stimulated exogenously and in plasma collected after oral (po) administration to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated cynomolgus monkeys.

PF-06282999 has been advanced into first-in-human pharmacokinetics and safety studies. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a heme peroxidase that catalyzes the production of hypochlorous acid. Clinical evidence suggests a causal role for MPO in various autoimmune and inflammatory disorders including vasculitis and cardiovascular and Parkinson’s diseases, implying that MPO inhibitors may represent a therapeutic treatment option

The thiouracil derivative PF-06282999 [2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide] is an irreversible inactivator of myeloperoxidase and is currently in clinical trials for the potential treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Concerns over idiosyncratic toxicity arising from bioactivation of the thiouracil motif to reactive species in the liver have been largely mitigated through the physicochemical (molecular weight, lipophilicity, and topological polar surface area) characteristics of PF-06282999, which generally favor elimination via nonmetabolic routes.

To test this hypothesis, pharmacokinetics and disposition studies were initiated with PF-06282999 using animals and in vitro assays, with the ultimate goal of predicting human pharmacokinetics and elimination mechanisms. Consistent with its physicochemical properties, PF-06282999 was resistant to metabolic turnover from liver microsomes and hepatocytes from animals and humans and was devoid of cytochrome P450 inhibition. In vitro transport studies suggested moderate intestinal permeability and minimal transporter-mediated hepatobiliary disposition. PF-06282999 demonstrated moderate plasma protein binding across all of the species.

Pharmacokinetics in preclinical species characterized by low to moderate plasma clearances, good oral bioavailability at 3- to 5-mg/kg doses, and renal clearance as the projected major clearance mechanism in humans. Human pharmacokinetic predictions using single-species scaling of dog and/or monkey pharmacokinetics were consistent with the parameters observed in the first-in-human study, conducted in healthy volunteers at a dose range of 20-200 mg PF-06282999.

In summary, disposition characteristics of PF-06282999 were relatively similar across preclinical species and humans, with renal excretion of the unchanged parent emerging as the principal clearance mechanism in humans, which was anticipated based on its physicochemical properties and supported by preclinical studies.

STR1

PAPER

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2015), 58(21), 8513-8528.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00963

Discovery of 2-(6-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide (PF-06282999): A Highly Selective Mechanism-Based Myeloperoxidase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases

Abstract Image

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a heme peroxidase that catalyzes the production of hypochlorous acid. Clinical evidence suggests a causal role for MPO in various autoimmune and inflammatory disorders including vasculitis and cardiovascular and Parkinson’s diseases, implying that MPO inhibitors may represent a therapeutic treatment option. Herein, we present the design, synthesis, and preclinical evaluation of N1-substituted-6-arylthiouracils as potent and selective inhibitors of MPO. Inhibition proceeded in a time-dependent manner by a covalent, irreversible mechanism, which was dependent upon MPO catalysis, consistent with mechanism-based inactivation. N1-Substituted-6-arylthiouracils exhibited low partition ratios and high selectivity for MPO over thyroid peroxidase and cytochrome P450 isoforms. N1-Substituted-6-arylthiouracils also demonstrated inhibition of MPO activity in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human whole blood. Robust inhibition of plasma MPO activity was demonstrated with the lead compound 2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide (PF-06282999, 8) upon oral administration to lipopolysaccharide-treated cynomolgus monkeys. On the basis of its pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profile, PF-06282999 has been advanced to first-in-human pharmacokinetic and safety studies.

tan solid (mp = 165.3 °C).

1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.85 (s, 1 H), 7.57 (dd, J = 9.03, 2.68 Hz, 1 H), 7.33 (s, 1 H), 7.17–7.23 (m, 2 H), 7.10 (s, 1 H), 5.89 (d, J = 1.71 Hz, 1 H), 5.41 (br s, 1 H), 3.89 (br s, 1 H), 3.84 (s, 3 H).

MS (ES+) m/z: 326.0 [M + H]+. HRMS: m/z calcd for C13H13ClN3O3S [M + H]+ 326.0366, found 326.0361.

Anal. Calcd for C13H12ClN3O3S: C, 47.93; H, 3.71; N, 12.90; S, 9.84. Found: C, 47.81; H, 3.70; N, 12.83; S, 9.83. HPLC purity: >95%.

PATENT

WO 2013068875

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2013068875A1?cl=en

Beta Keto Ester Route Section

A. Carboxylic Acid Route Section

Preparation 1

Figure imgf000060_0001

Ethyl 3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropanoate

A 3000 mL 3-necked round-bottomed flask flushed with nitrogen was charged with magnesium ethoxide (67.46 g, 589.51 mmoles) and THF (1 100 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred as ethyl hydrogen malonate (162.26 g, 1 .18 moles; 145.00 mL diluted in 100 ml of THF) was added and the mixture was heated at 45 °C for 4 hours. Meanwhile, a 2000 mL 3-necked round-bottomed flask flushed with nitrogen was charged with 5-chloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid (100 g, 536 mmoles) and THF (600 mL). To this mixture stirring at room temperature was added 1 , 1 ‘-carbonyldiimidazole (95.59 g, 589.5 mmoles) in portions to avoid excess foaming. After stirring for 3 hours at room temperature the second solution was added gradually to the first solution. After addition the reaction mixture was heated to 45 °C. After 20 hours, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure before adding ethyl acetate (1 L) followed by 2 N HCI (500 mL). After mixing, the layers were separated and the organic phase was washed sequentially with 2 N HCI (500 mL), saturated sodium bicarbonate (500 mL), and water (500 mL). The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure, the residue taken up in ethyl acetate (1000 mL) and concentrated again to afford the title compound (104.94 g).

MS (ES+) 257.2 [M+1 ]+. 1 H NMR showed product as a 7.5:1 keto:enol mixture. For the keto tautomer: 1 H NMR (500 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 7.85 (d, J=2.93 Hz, 1 H) 7.45 (dd, J=8.90, 2.81 Hz, 1 H) 6.92 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 1 H) 4.18 (q, J=7.16 Hz, 2 H) 3.95 (s, 2 H) 3.90 (s, 3 H) 1 .24 (t, J=7.07 Hz, 3 H). Preparation 2

Figure imgf000061_0001

(Z)-Ethyl 3-((2-amino-2-oxoethyl)amino)-3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)acrylate A 5-L reaction vessel was charged with methanol (3.3 L), sodium methoxide (102.4 g, 1.8 moles), and glycinamide hydrochloride (202 g, 1.8 moles). The mixture was heated at 65 °C for 1 hour before cooling to 50 °C and adding acetic acid (514.25 mmoles, 30.88 g, 29.47 ml.) and ethyl 3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropanoate (300 g, 1.03 mole). After heating to reflux for 16 hours, the reaction mixture was stirred as it was cooled to 10 °C. After 30 min the resulting solid was collected by vacuum filtration, pulling dry to form a cake that was dried in a vacuum oven (20 mm Hg, 65 °C) for 14 hours to afford the title compound (339.4 g).

MS (ES+) 313.2 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.80 (t, J=5.00 Hz, 1 H) 7.47 (dd, J=8.90, 2.81 Hz, 1 H) 7.27 (br. s., 1 H) 7.22 (d, J=2.68 Hz, 1 H) 7.14 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 1 H) 7.09 (br. s., 1 H) 4.30 (s, 1 H) 4.03 (q, J=7.07 Hz, 2 H) 3.80 (s, 3 H) 3.56 (br. s., 1 H) 3.45 (br. s., 1 H) 1.18 (t, J=7.07 Hz, 3 H).

Example 1

Figure imgf000061_0002

2-( 6-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3, 4-dihydropyrimidin

acetamide

A reaction vessel equipped with an efficient stirrer was charged with (Z)-ethyl 3-((2- amino-2-oxoethyl)amino)-3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)acrylate (15 g, 50.2 mmol), butyl acetate (150 ml.) and trimethylsilyl isothiocyanate (160.7 mmole, 21 .1 g, 22.7 ml.) and the mixture was heated to reflux. After 15 hours, the mixture was cooled to 30 °C and treated with 1 N aqueous sodium hydroxide (1 12.5 ml_, 1 12.5 mmoles). After 30 min, the organic layer was separated and extracted with another portion of 1 N sodium hydroxide (37.5 ml_, 37.5 mmoles). The combined aqueous phases were extracted twice with dichloromethane (2 x 45 mL), filtered, and treated with 6N HCI until a pH of 2.5 was achieved. After stirring for 1 hour, the resulting solid was isolated by vacuum filtration, resuspended in 100 mL of a 1 :1 methanol-water solution, heated with stirring at 50 °C for 2 hours, and cooled to room temperature before collecting the solid by vacuum filtration, pulling dry and drying in a vacuum oven (20 mm Hg, 50 °C) for 12 hours to afford 8.7 g of the desired product as a tan solid.

MS (ES+) 326.0 [M+1]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 12.85 (s, 1 H) 7.57 (dd, J=9.03, 2.68 Hz, 1 H) 7.33 (s, 1 H) 7.17 – 7.23 (m, 2 H) 7.10 (s, 1 H) 5.89 (d, J=1.71 Hz, 1 H) 5.41 (br. s, 1 H) 3.89 (br. s, 1 H) 3.84 (s, 3 H).

Alternative Preparation of Example 1

Figure imgf000062_0001

2-( 6-( 5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3, 4-dihydropyrimidin- 1 ( 2H)-yl) acetamide A slurry of (Z)-ethyl 3-((2-amino-2-oxoethyl)amino)-3-(5-chloro-2- methoxyphenyl)acrylate (20 g, 63 mmol) in a mixture of butyl acetate (140 mL) and DMF (38 mL) was treated with trimethylsilyl isothiocyanate (16.8 g, 125 mmol) and the mixture was heated at 1 15-120 °C for 5-6 hours. The mixture was cooled to 0-5 °C, butyl acetate (100 mL) was added and the mixture was slurried for 8 hours. The formed solids were filtered, and the filter cake was washed with butyl acetate (2 x 100 mL). The solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 50 °C for 12 hours to a tan solid. The solid was dissolved in a 5:1 mixture of DMF and water at room temperature and additional water was added slowly to crystallize the material. The slurry was cooled to 10 °C and stirred for 8 hours, followed by filtration and washing with water. The filter cake was dried in a vacuum oven at 50 °C for 8 hours. The solid was dissolved in a 1 :1 mixture of methanol and water and the slurry was heated to 50 °C and held at this temperature for 2 hours. After cooling to 10 °C over 30 minutes, the slurry was held at this temperature for 1 hour, filtered and washed with water and dried in a vacuum oven at 50 °C for 8 hours to give the title compound as a white solid. MS (ES+) 326.0 [M+1]+.1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 12.85 (s, 1 H) 7.57 (dd, J=9.03, 2.68 Hz, 1 H) 7.33 (s, 1 H) 7.17 – 7.23 (m, 2 H) 7.10 (s, 1 H) 5.89 (d, J=1.71 Hz, 1 H) 5.41 (br. s, 1 H) 3.89 (br. s, 1 H) 3.84 (s, 3 H).

REFERENCES

1: Ruggeri RB, Buckbinder L, Bagley SW, Carpino PA, Conn EL, Dowling MS, Fernando DP, Jiao W, Kung DW, Orr ST, Qi Y, Rocke BN, Smith A, Warmus JS, Zhang Y, Bowles D, Widlicka DW, Eng H, Ryder T, Sharma R, Wolford A, Okerberg C, Walters K, Maurer TS, Zhang Y, Bonin PD, Spath SN, Xing G, Hepworth D, Ahn K, Kalgutkar AS. Discovery of 2-(6-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide (PF-06282999): A Highly Selective Mechanism-Based Myeloperoxidase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases. J Med Chem. 2015 Oct 28. [Epubahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26509551.

////////////PF 06282999, 1435467-37-0, PFIZER, PHASE 1, PF-06282999; PF-6282999, PF06282999, ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

O=C(N)CN(C(N1)=S)C(C2=CC(Cl)=CC=C2OC)=CC1=O

PF 06650808


.

Picture credit….

Structure of PF06650808.

PF 06650808

CAS 1822383-80-1

A biologic for cancer treatment (Pfizer Inc.)

  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Antineoplastics
  • Mechanism of Action Notch-3 receptor antagonists
  • No development reported Solid tumours
  • 24 Jun 2018 Biomarkers information updated
  • 28 Apr 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Solid-tumours(Late-stage disease) in USA (IV)
  • 01 Jul 2017 Pfizer completes a phase I trial in Solid tumours (Late-stage disease) in USA (IV) (NCT02129205)

Company: Pfizer

Target: Neurogenic locus notch homolog protein 3 (NOTCH3): Activation and mutation of the NOTCH signaling pathway can lead to cancer.

Disease: Cancer

Notes: PF06650808 is an antibody-drug conjugate that delivers a cytotoxic payload molecule directly to tumor cells, explained Andreas Maderna, an associate research fellow at Pfizer. The payload molecule in PF06650808 was inspired by the marine natural product dolostatin 10, which is produced by cyanobacteria consumed by a type of sea slug.

https://cen.acs.org/articles/94/i15/New-drug-candidates-shine-San-Diego.html

PATENT

WO 2015171907

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015171907

The present invention relates to stable isotopic identification of biologic products, methods of stable isotopic identification of such biologic products, and stable isotopic methods and systems for correlating biologic products to the processes by which they are made.

front page image

PATENT

WO 2018045058

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018045058&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&maxRec=1000

CLIP

Rosen, L.S.; Wesolowski, R.; Gibson, B.; et al.
A Phase 1 dose escalation, safety, and pharmacokinetic study of PF-06650808, an anti-Notch3 antibody drug conjugate, in adult patients with advanced solid tumors
Eur Cancer Congr (September 25-29, Vienna) 2015, Abst 3OLBA 

Maderna, A.
Therapeutic targeting the NOTCH3 receptor with antibody drug conjugates
251st Am Chem Soc (ACS) Natl Meet (March 13-17, San Diego) 2016, Abst MEDI 262 

Hurvitz, S.A.; von Euw, E.; O’Brien, N.; et al.
Preclinical evaluation of targeting Notch-3 in breast cancer
107th Annu Meet Am Assoc Cancer Res (AACR) (April 16-20, New Orleans) 2016, Abst 1206 

Chen, J.; Geles, K.; Silva, M.; Waterhouse, R.; Ma, D.; Charati, M.; Sapra, P.; Mccarthy, T.
Evaluate the impact of conjugation on targeting capacity, pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of antibody drug conjugate, PF-06650808, in tumor bearing mice
22nd Int Symp Radiopharm Sci (ISRS) (May 14-19, Dresden) 2017, Abst P 052 

///////////

 

PF 06650808

Phase 1

compound inspired by auristatins

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02129205

http://www.pfizer.com/sites/default/files/product-pipeline/8_7_2014_Pipeline_Update.pdf

ALL DATA COMING………

Notch-3 receptor antagonists

Neoplasms
Breast

Pfizer

Cancer

PF-06650808, is currently being examined in a Ph1 clinical trial (Protocol B7501001).

Notch3
Researchers are also exploring the use of Notch3 targeting. “The Notch pathway plays an important role in the growth of several solid tumours, including breast and ovarian cancer and melanoma,” explained Joerger. “In particular, Notch3 alterations such as gene amplification and upregulation are associated with poor patient survival. Research using Notch3 targeting as an innovative approach to treat solid malignancies included 27 patients unselected for Notch3 who received increasing doses of the anti-Notch3 antibody-drug conjugate PF-06650808. Responses were seen in two breast cancer patients (LBA 30). While preliminary, targeting Notch3 may become a new treatment approach in patients with selected solid tumours.”

The anti-Notch3 antibody-drug conjugate PF-06650808 is being developed by Pfizer.

  • 31 Jul 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in Solid tumours (Late-stage disease) in USA (Parenteral)
  • 30 Apr 2014 Preclinical trials in Solid tumours in USA (Parenteral)
  • 30 Apr 2014 Pfizer plans a phase I trial for Solid tumours (late-stage disease, second-line therapy or greater) in USA (NCT02129205)

251st Am Chem Soc (ACS) Natl Meet (March 13-17, San Diego) 2016, Abst MEDI 262

str1 STR2

/////////PF 06650808, PF-06650808, PF-6650808, monoclonal antibody, pfizer, phase 1, Solid tumours , Notch-3 receptor antagonists

C1(C(N(C(C1)=O)CCCCCC(=O)NC([C@H](C)C)C(=O)NC(C(=O)Nc2ccc(cc2)COC(=O)NC(C)(C)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)[N@](C)C(C(CC)C)[C@@H](OC)CC(=O)N3CCC[C@H]3C(OO)C(C)C(=O)N[C@H](c4nccs4)CC)CCCNC(=O)N)=O)SC

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THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ARE MY PERSONAL AND IN NO-WAY SUGGEST THE VIEWS OF THE PROFESSIONAL BODY OR THE COMPANY THAT I REPRESENT, amcrasto@gmail.com, +91 9323115463 India.

I , Dr A.M.Crasto is writing this blog to share the knowledge/views, after reading Scientific Journals/Articles/News Articles/Wikipedia. My views/comments are based on the results /conclusions by the authors(researchers). I do mention either the link or reference of the article(s) in my blog and hope those interested can read for details. I am briefly summarising the remarks or conclusions of the authors (researchers). If one believe that their intellectual property right /copyright is infringed by any content on this blog, please contact or leave message at below email address amcrasto@gmail.com. It will be removed ASAP

PF 06650833


str1

.

Picture credit….

PF  06650833

MFC18H20FN3O4, MW361.37

1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide

6-​Isoquinolinecarboxam​ide, 1-​[[(2S,​3S,​4S)​-​3-​ethyl-​4-​fluoro-​5-​oxo-​2-​pyrrolidinyl]​methoxy]​-​7-​methoxy-

CAS 1817626-54-2

WO 2015150995

1st disclosures is @pfizer‘s  on inflammatory disease treatment targeting IRAK4

IRAK4 inhibitor

Phase I Lupus vulgaris

  • 01 Feb 2016 Pfizer completes a phase I pharmacokinetics trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (PO) (NCT02609139)
  • 01 Nov 2015 Pfizer initiates a phase I pharmacokinetics trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (PO) (NCT02609139)
  • 01 Jun 2015 Pfizer completes a phase I trial for Lupus (In volunteers) in USA (PO) (NCT02224651)

Compounds useful for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases associated with lnterleukin-1 Receptor Associated Kinase (IRAK) and more particularly compounds that modulate the function of IRAK4.

Protein kinases are families of enzymes that catalyze the phosphorylation of specific residues in proteins, broadly classified in tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Inappropriate activity arising from dysregulation of certain kinases by a variety of mechanisms is believed to underlie the causes of many diseases, including but not limited to, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, allergies, asthma, respiratory diseases, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, bone diseases, metabolic disorders, and neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. As such, potent and selective inhibitors of kinases are sought as potential treatments for a variety of human diseases.

There is considerable interest in targeting the innate immune system in the treatment of autoimmune diseases and sterile inflammation. Receptors of the innate immune system provide the first line of defense against bacterial and viral insults. These receptors recognize bacterial and viral products as well as pro-inflammatory cytokines and thereby initiate a signaling cascade that ultimately results in the up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines such as TNFa, IL6, and interferons. Recently it has become apparent that self-generated ligands such as nucleic acids and products of inflammation such as high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) and Advanced Glycated End-products (AGE) are ligands for Toll-like receptors (TLRs) which are key receptors of the innate immune system (O’Neill 2003, Kanzler et al 2007, Wagner 2006). This demonstrates the role of TLRs in the initiation and perpetuation of inflammation due to autoimmunity.

lnterleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (I RAK4) is a ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine kinase involved in the regulation of innate immunity (Suzuki & Saito 2006). IRAK4 is responsible for initiating signaling from TLRs and members of the I L- 1/18 receptor family. Kinase-inactive knock-ins and targeted deletions of IRAK4 in mice were reported to cause reductions in TLR and IL-1 induced pro-inflammatory cytokines (Kawagoe et al 2007; Fraczek et al. 2008; Kim et al. 2007). IRAK4 kinase-dead knock-in mice have also been shown to be resistant to induced joint inflammation in the antigen-induced-arthritis (AIA) and serum transfer-induced (K/BxN) arthritis models (Koziczak-Holbro 2009). Likewise, humans deficient in IRAK4 also appear to display the inability to respond to challenge by Toll ligands and IL-1 (Hernandez & Bastian 2006). However, the immunodeficient phenotype of IRAK4-null individuals is narrowly restricted to challenge by gram positive bacteria, but not gram negative bacteria, viruses or fungi. This gram positive sensitivity also lessens with age, implying redundant or compensating mechanisms for innate immunity in the absence of IRAK4 (Lavine et al 2007).

These data indicate that inhibitors of IRAK4 kinase activity should have therapeutic value in treating cytokine driven autoimmune diseases while having minimal immunosuppressive side effects. Additional recent studies suggest that targeting IRAK4 may be useful in other inflammatory pathologies such as atherosclerosis and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (Rekhter et al 2008; Ngo et al 2011). Therefore, inhibitors of IRAK4 kinase activity are potential therapeutics for a wide variety of diseases including but not limited to autoimmunity, inflammation, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and metabolic diseases. See the following references for additional information: N. Suzuki and T. Saito, Trends in Immunology, 2006, 27, 566. T. Kawagoe, S. Sato, A. Jung, M. Yamamoto, K. Matsui, H. Kato, S. Uematsu, O. Takeuchi and S. Akira, Journal of Experimental Medicine, 2007, 204, 1013. J. Fraczek, T. W. Kim, H. Xiao, J. Yao, Q. Wen, Y. Li, J.-L. Casanova, J. Pryjma and X. Li, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2008, 283, 31697. T. W. Kim, K. Staschke, K. Bulek, J. Yao, K. Peters, K.-H. Oh, Y. Vandenburg, H. Xiao, W. Qian, T. Hamilton, B. Min, G. Sen, R. Gilmour and X. Li, Journal of Experimental Medicine, 2007, 204, 1025. M. Koziczak-Holbro, A. Littlewood- Evans,

B. Pollinger, J. Kovarik, J. Dawson, G. Zenke, C. Burkhart, M. Muller and H. Gram, Arthritis & Rheumatism, 2009, 60, 1661. M. Hernandez and J. F. Bastian, Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, 2006, 6, 468. E. Lavine, R. Somech, J. Y. Zhang, A. Puel, X. Bossuyt, C. Picard, J. L. Casanova and C. M. Roifman, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2007, 120, 948. M. Rekhter, K. Staschke, T. Estridge, P. Rutherford, N. Jackson, D. Gifford-Moore, P. Foxworthy,

C. Reidy, X.-d. Huang, M. Kalbfleisch, K. Hui, M.S. Kuo, R. Gilmour and C. J. Vlahos, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2008, 367, 642. O’Neill, L. A. (2003). “Therapeutic targeting of Toll-like receptors for inflammatory and infectious diseases.” Curr Opin Pharmacol 3(4): 396. Kanzler, H et al. (2007) “Therapeutic targeting of innate immunity with toll-like receptor agonists and antagonists.” Nature Medicine 13:552. Wagner, H. (2006) “Endogenous TLR ligands and autoimmunity” /Advances in Immunol 91 : 159. Ngo, V. N. et al. (2011) “Oncogenically active MyD88 mutations in human lymphoma” Nature 470: 115.

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015150995&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

Preparation 1 : 1-chloro-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carbonitrile (P1) Step 1. Synthesis of methyl 4-iodo-3-methoxybenzoate (CAS 35387-92-9. CD.

To a solution of 3-hydroxy-4-iodobenzoic acid (CAS 58123-77-6, C12) (10800 g, 40.9 moles) in DMF (65 L) was added K2C03 (25398 g, 184 moles), followed by the slow addition of dimethyl sulfate (11352 g, 90 moles). This mixture was heated to about 50 °C for over night. The reaction mixture was cooled to about 25 °C, diluted with EtOAc (50 L) and filtered through a plug of Celite®. The solid was thoroughly washed with EtOAc (10 L X 3). The combined EtOAc filtrates were poured into water. After stirring for about 30 min, the EtOAc layer was separated and it was further washed sequentially with water, 1 M NaOH and brine. The EtOAc layer was separated, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to provide the title compound C1. Yield: 11750 g (98%).

Step 2. Synthesis of (4-iodo-3-methoxyphenyl)methanol (CAS 244257-61-2, C2).

To a solution of compound C1 (11750 g, 40.2 moles) in THF (35 L) was added NaBH4 (7645 g, 201.09 moles) and refluxed. While refluxing, MeOH (25 L) was slowly added into the reaction mixture at a rate of about 1 L per hour. After completion of the reaction, it was poured into a solution of cold dilute HCI. Once the excess of NaBH4was quenched, the solution was filtered and extracted with EtOAc (2.5 L X 3). The combined EtOAc extracts were washed sequentially with water, brine and dried over Na2S04. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the resulting crude material was treated with MTBE. The resulting solid was filtered and filtrate was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2S0 , and filtered. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound C2. Yield: 9900 g (93%).

Step 3. Synthesis of 4-iodo-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (CAS 121404-83-9, C3).

To a solution of compound C2 (9900 g, 34.5 moles) in CHCI3 (186 L), was added manganese dioxide (18000 g, 207 moles) and the resulting mixture was refluxed for about 16 h. The mixture was cooled to about 25 °C and filtered through a Celite pad, which was then washed thoroughly with CHCI3. The CHCI3 was evaporated under reduced pressure to provide the title compound C3. Yield: 9330 g (95%). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3): δ 9.95 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, 1 H), 7.14 (dd, 1 H), 3.95 (s, 3 H).

Step 3. Synthesis of 6-iodo-7-methoxyisoquinoline (CAS 244257-63-4. C4).

To a solution of compound C3 (9300 g, 35 moles) in toluene (60 L) was added amino acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal (5590 g, 53 moles) and the mixture was refluxed for about 4 h, while removing the liberated water by the use of a Dean – Stark water separator. The reaction mixture was cooled to about 0 °C, after which trifluoroacetic anhydride (22305 g, 106 moles) followed by BF3-Et20 (15080 g, 106 moles) were added, keeping internal temperature below 5 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at about 25 °C for about 16 h and quenched by pouring into a mixture of ice and ammonium hydroxide. The product was extracted with EtOAc (10 L X 3), and the combined EtOAc extracts were washed sequentially with water and brine. The combined EtOAc extracts were dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated to afford a dark tan colored residue. This was treated with a mixture of MTBE and hexane (1 :1 v/v, 30 L), followed by 6 M HCI (9 L), with stirring. The precipitated solid was filtered and washed with MTBE. The solid was suspended in EtOAc (5 L) and made alkaline with ammonium hydroxide. The EtOAc layer was separated, washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated to afford crude compound C4 as a brown solid. HPLC (230 nm) showed it to be about 83% pure.

The crude material (1000 g) was taken in AcOH (2.5 L) and stirred for about 90 min at about 25 °C. The solid was filtered and washed with AcOH (500 ml_). The filtrate was neutralized with saturated aqueous Na2C03 solution. The resulting precipitated solid was filtered, washed with water (4 L), and oven dried at about 70 – 75 °C for about 5 h to afford about 780 g of pure C4. Similarly, the remaining crude C4 (4 kg) was purified to provide the title compound C4. Yield: 4300 g (42%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3): δ 9.15 (s, 1 H), 8.45 (d, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.45 (d, 1 H), 7.15 (s, 1 H) 4.00 (s, 3 H).

Step 4. Synthesis of 7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carbonitrile (C5).

To a solution of compound C4 (4300 g , 15 moles) in DMSO (39 L) was added copper(l) cyanide (2954 g, 33 moles) and the mixture was heated to about 120 °C for about 3 h. The reaction mixture was quenched by pouring into a mixture of ice and ammonium hydroxide (40 L) and filtered. The filtrate was extracted with EtOAc (10 L X 2). While stirring, the solid residue was again treated with ammonium hydroxide solution (10 L) and EtOAc (10 L). After filtration, the precipitated material was repeatedly washed with a mixture of MeOH and CHCI3 (1 :9, v/v) several times and the combined extracts were washed with brine. The extracts were dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting crude material was triturated with hexane to provide the title compound C5. Yield: 2250 g (87%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3): δ 9.25 (br. s, 1 H), 8.55 (br. s, 1 H), 8.15 (s, 1 H), 7.60 (d, 1 H), 7.30 (s, 1 H), 4.05 (s, 3 H).

A solution of a reactant such as 1-(((2S,3S,4S)-3-ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl)methoxy)-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carbonitrile (200 mg, 0.5 mmol) in concentrated H2SO4 (1.5 ml.) was warmed to about 55 °C for about two hours, then cooled to about 20 °C. The reaction mixture was added dropwise with vigorous stirring to 7.3 ml_ of ice cold concentrated ammonium hydroxide with cooling in ice. The precipitated solid was filtered and washed with water, heptane, ether, and dried under vacuum. The residue may be used directly for subsequent work, or it may be purified by chromatography or HPLC.

ABSTRACTS

251st Am Chem Soc (ACS) Natl Meet (March 13-17, San Diego) 2016, Abst MEDI 261

STR2STR2

STR2

str1

//////////PF  06650833, IRAK4 inhibitor, inflammatory disease treatment , PFIZER, 1817626-54-2

N1C([C@H](C([C@H]1COc3c2cc(c(cc2ccn3)C(=O)N)OC)CC)F)=O

NC(=O)c2cc3ccnc(OC[C@H]1NC(=O)[C@@H](F)[C@H]1CC)c3cc2OC

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THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ARE MY PERSONAL AND IN NO-WAY SUGGEST THE VIEWS OF THE PROFESSIONAL BODY OR THE COMPANY THAT I REPRESENT, amcrasto@gmail.com, +91 9323115463 India.

I , Dr A.M.Crasto is writing this blog to share the knowledge/views, after reading Scientific Journals/Articles/News Articles/Wikipedia. My views/comments are based on the results /conclusions by the authors(researchers). I do mention either the link or reference of the article(s) in my blog and hope those interested can read for details. I am briefly summarising the remarks or conclusions of the authors (researchers). If one believe that their intellectual property right /copyright is infringed by any content on this blog, please contact or leave message at below email address amcrasto@gmail.com. It will be removed ASAP

PF-06747775 (Pfizer) Third generation covalent EGFR inhibitors


Full-size image (4 K)

img.

PF-06747775 ≥98% (HPLC)

PF-06747775 (Pfizer)

PF06747775; PF06747775; PF 06747775; PF6747775; PF 6747775; PF6747775.  PFE-X775

N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

CAS 1776112-90-3
Chemical Formula: C18H22FN9O2
Exact Mass: 415.188

Recruiting, Phase I/II (NTC02349633)

Epidermal growth factor receptor antagonists

Antineoplastics

Non-small cell lung cancer

Dose escalation study to evaluate safety, PK, PD and efficacy in advanced EGFRm+ NSCLC

  • 02 May 2015Phase-I clinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer (Metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater) in USA (PO) (NCT02349633)
  • 05 Feb 2015Pfizer plans a phase I trial for Non-small cell lung cancer (Second-line therapy or greater) in USA (NCT02349633)
  • 05 Jan 2015Preclinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer in USA (PO)

PF-06747775 is an orally available inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant form T790M, with potential antineoplastic activity. EGFR T790M inhibitor PF-06747775 specifically binds to and inhibits EGFR T790M, a secondarily acquired resistance mutation, which prevents EGFR-mediated signaling and leads to cell death in EGFR T790M-expressing tumor cells. Compared to some other EGFR inhibitors, PF-06747775 may have therapeutic benefits in tumors with T790M-mediated drug resistance.

for the oral treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic EGFR mutant (del19 or L858R) non-small cell lung cancer

Kinetic mechanism for two-step covalent inhibition of EGFR.

Kinetic mechanism for two-step covalent inhibition of EGFR

 

 

 

PATENT

US 20150141402

Example 7

(Scheme F): Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

Step 1: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin -6-amine

      A suspension of 6-chloro-2-fluoro-9H-purine (5.49 g, 31.8 mmol, 1.00 eq), 3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-amine hydrochloride (6.60 g, 40.34 mmol, 1.26 eq), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (16.6 mL, 95.5 mmol, 3.00 eq) in DMSO (31.8 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 19 hr. The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo at 50° C., poured into water (250 mL), and stirred vigorously at 0° C. for 1 hr. The resulting solids were filtered off, washed with ice cold water (20 mL), and dried for 16 hr at 50° C. to give the title compound (7.26 g, 87% yield, 96% purity) as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 13.03 (br. s., 1 H) 9.21 (br. s., 1 H) 8.18 (br. s., 1 H) 7.74 (br. s., 1 H) 3.81 (br. s., 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3H). m/z (APCI+) for C10H11FN7O 264.2 (M+H)+.

Step 2: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl -9H-purin-6-amine

      To a vigorously stirred suspension of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine (7.25 g, 27.5 mmol, 1.00 eq) and potassium carbonate (7.61 g, 55.1 mmol, 2.00 eq) in 1,4-dioxane (92.0 mL), was added dimethyl sulfate (2.90 mL, 30.3 mmol, 1.10 eq) in a dropwise manner over 3 min. After 4 hr, additional portions of 1,4-dioxane (50.0 mL), potassium carbonate (3.80 g, 27.5 mmol, 1.00 eq), and dimethyl sulfate (1.00 mL, 10.4 mmol, 0.30 eq) were added to the reaction mixture. After a further 16 hr, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, diluted with water (120 mL), and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hr. The resulting solids were filtered, washed with water (20 mL), and dried for 16 hr at 60° C. to give the title compound (6.42 g, 84% yield, >95% purity) as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.23 (br. s., 1 H) 8.13 (br. s., 1 H) 7.67 (s, 1 H) 3.78 (s, 3 H) 3.70 (s, 3 H) 3.69 (br. s., 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C11H13FN7O 278.2 (M+H)+.

Step 3: Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol -4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

      To a stirred suspension of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl-9H-purin-6-amine (554 mg, 2.00 mmol, 1.00 eq) and N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide (500 mg, 2.10 mmol, 1.05 eq) in DMSO (4.2 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.83 mL, 5.00 mmol, 2.50 eq). The reaction mixture was then heated at 100° C. for 16 hr, cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with THF (4 mL), and treated with potassium tert-butoxide (4.00 mL, 1 M in THF, 2.00 eq). After 1 hr, an additional portion of potassium tert-butoxide (0.50 mL, 1 M in THF, 0.25 eq) was added to the reaction mixture. After a further 1 hr, the reaction mixture was poured into phosphate buffer (50 mL, pH=7) and water (50 mL), and extracted with ethyl acetate (5×40 mL). The combined organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. This crude product was then dissolved in ethyl acetate (40 mL) at 60° C. and then treated with heptanes (20 mL), at which point the solution became cloudy and was allowed to cool to ambient temperature and then to 0° C. After 16 hr at 0° C., the resulting solids were filtered and dried at ambient temperature to give the title compound (620.5 mg, 75% yield) as a white powder. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.44 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1 H) 7.97 (s, 1 H) 7.82 (s, 1 H) 7.78 (s, 1 H) 6.23 (dd, J=10.0, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 6.14 (dd, J=2.8, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.62 (dd, J=2.8, 10.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.12 (d, J=51.0 Hz, 1 H) 4.46 (td, J=6.0, 11.9 Hz, 1 H) 3.88-3.6 (m, 4 H) 3.82 (s, 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3 H) 3.62 (s, 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C18H23FN9O2 416.3 (M+H)+.

Example 7A

(Scheme F): Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

Preparation Step 1A: Preparation of (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-3,4-dihydroxypyrrolidine-2,5-dione

      A mixture of xylene, (1.2 L), benzylamine (120 g, 1.10 mol, 1.0 eq) and L-(+)-tartaric acid (173 g, 1.15 mol, 1.05 eq) were heated at 135° C. for 12 hr (flask jacket temperature). Upon reaction completion, the mixture was cooled to 65° C. and MeOH (120 mL, 1 vol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred for 1 hr and the resulting suspension was cooled to 20° C. followed by the addition of EtOAc (480 mL). Stirring was continued at 10° C. for 2 hr. The crude product was isolated by filtration and washed with EtOAc (120 mL) and dried on the filter. The crude product was then taken up in MeOH (480 mL) and heated at a gentle reflux for 1 hr, then cooled to 20° C. and granulated for 1 hr. The suspension was filtered and the precipitate washed with MeOH (240 mL) and dried to give the title compound (191 g, 864 mmol, 79%) as a white granular solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.38-7.30 (m, 2H) 7.30-7.22 (m, 3 H) 6.32 (br. s., 1 H) 4.59 (d, J=14.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.53 (d, J=14.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.40 (br. D., J=4.3 Hz, 2 H). m/z (EI+) for C11H11NO4 221.0 (M)+.

Preparation Step 2A: Preparation of (3S,4S)-1-benzylpyrrolidine-3,4-diol

      To a mixture of (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-3,4-dihydroxypyrrolidine-2,5-dione (44 g, 199 mmol, 1.0 eq) and THF (176 mL) at 20° C. (vessel jacket temperature) was added borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (1.0 mol/L) in THF (800 mL, 800 mmol, 1.0 mol/L, 4.0 eq) at a rate to maintain the temperature between 20° C. and 25° C. Over 1 hr, the jacket temperature was ramped to 60° C. and then held for 1 hr. Upon completion, the reaction was cooled to 30° C. and quenched by the slow dropwise addition of MeOH (97 mL, 12 eq) to the mixture at a rate to control off gassing. The reaction mixture was then heated to reflux and concentrated to a low stir volume. The reaction solvent THF was then replaced by a constant volume displacement with MeOH (total of 1.5 L). Once the THF content had been reduced to less than 1 wt %, MeOH was replaced by a constant volume displacement with EtOAc (total of 1.5 L) to reduce the MeOH content to less than 1 wt %. The total volume of EtOAc was then readjusted to about 250 mL (6 vol) and then cooled to 5° C. to crystallize the product. The desired product was isolated by filtration, washed with cold EtOAc (88 mL) and dried to give title compound (27.0 g, 140 mmol, 70%). A second crop of product was isolated by concentration of the combined filtrate and cake wash to half volume, which was then cooled to 5° C., filtered and washed with cold EtOAc (50 mL) to afford additional title compound (4.5 g, 23 mmol, 12%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.33-7.26 (m, 4 H) 7.25-7.20 (m, 1 H) 4.48 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2 H) 3.38-3.31 (m, 2 H), 3.57 (d, J=13.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.46 (d, J=13.0 Hz, 1 H) 2.74 (dd, J=9.4, 5.9 Hz, 2 H) 2.30 (dd, J=9.4, 4.4 Hz, 2 H). m/z (EI+) for C11H15NO2 194.2 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 3A: Preparation of (3aR,6aS)-5-benzyl-2,2-dioxo-tetrahydro-1-oxa-2λ6-thia-3-5-diaza-pentalene-3-carboxylic acid t-butyl ester

      To a 5 L jacketed reactor (Reactor 1) was added 1,4-dioxane (1.8 L), (3S,4S)-1-benzylpyrrolidine-3,4-diol (180 g, 0.932 mol, 1.0 eq) and TEA (792 mL, 5.68 mol, 6.1 eq) and the resulting mixture stirred at 10° C.
      To a 2 L jacketed reactor (Reactor 2) was added 1,4-dioxane (1.6 L) and chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (596 g, 2.80 mol, 3.0 eq) and the resulting solution was cooled to 10° C. A solution of tert-butanol (211 g, 2.85 mol, 3.05 eq) in 1,4-dioxane (180 mL) was added over 45 min while maintaining the temperature between 10° C. and 20° C., and the resulting solution was then stirred for 15 min at 10° C.
      The solution in Reactor 2 was transferred to Reactor 1 over 50 min while controlling the internal temperature of Reactor 1 from 10° C. to 20° C. Once the addition was complete, the jacket temperature was warmed at 20° C. and the resulting mixture was stirred for 16 hr. When UPLC analysis confirmed that the bis-alkylated intermediate was fully formed (target <3% mono-alkylated intermediate), the entire batch was filtered and the filtrate was sent into a clean reactor. The residual TEA-HCl cake was washed with dioxane (300 mL) and the wash was combined with the filtrate. The resulting dioxane solution was then heated to 80° C. and held for 3 hr. After sampling for reaction completion (<1% intermediate remaining), the batch was distilled (pot temp=80° C.) under partial vacuum (400 mbar) to less than half volume. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (2 L) and washed twice with water (2×2 L). The mixture was then washed with 0.5 N sodium bicarbonate (2 L) and then dried over sodium sulfate (360 g, 2 wt eq) and filtered into a clean dry reactor. The EtOAc solution was concentrated under partial vacuum to about 400 mL total volume resulting in the formation of a thick slurry. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and stirred for 1 hr and then filtered and washed with cold EtOAc (200 mL) and then dried in a vacuum oven at 40° C. to give 173 g of the title compound. A second crop of product was isolated by concentrating the filtrate and then cooling, granulating and filtering to give an additional 28.4 g of the desired product. In total, the title compound was isolated in 61% yield (201 g, 568 mmol). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.37-7.29 (m, 4 H) 7.29-7.23 (m, 1 H) 5.36 (dd, J=7.3, 3.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.79-4.73 (m, 1 H) 4.48 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2 H) 3.38-3.31 (m, 2 H), 3.70 (d, J=13.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.62 (d, J=13.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.13-2.99 (m, 2 H) 2.48-2.40 (m, 2 H) 1.46 (s, 9 H). m/z (EI+) for C16H22N2O5S 355.2 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 4A: Preparation of (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-amine bis-tosylate

      A solution of 1M tetrabutylammonium fluoride in THF (1.27 L, 1.27 mol, 2.5 eq) and (3aR,6aS)-5-benzyl-2,2-dioxo-tetrahydro-1-oxa-2λ6-thia-3-5-diaza-pentalene-3-carboxylic acid t-butyl ester (180 g, 0.508 mol, 1.0 eq) were heated at 60° C. (jacket temperature) for 2 hr. Upon reaction completion, the mixture was partially distilled under vacuum to remove the THF. After concentration to a low stir volume, THF was displaced with EtOAc (2×500 mL). After again reducing to a low stir volume, EtOAc (3.6 L) and p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate (396 g, 2.10 mol, 4.1 eq) were charged and heated at 80° C. for 2 hr. The mixture was cooled to 10° C. over 1.5 hr and then granulated at 10° C. for 2 hr. The solid product was filtered and washed with EtOAc (2×900 mL) and dried at 50° C. in a vacuum oven for 12 hr. The title compound was isolated as an air stable crystalline solid in 83% yield (231 g, 419 mmol). 1H NMR (400 MHz, D2O) δ ppm 7.69-7.61 (m, 4 H) 7.56-7.42 (m, 5 H) 7.36-7.29 (m, 4 H) 5.65-5.49 (m, 1 H) 4.47 (br. s., 2H) 4.37-4.23 (m, H) 4.15 (ddd, J=12.8, 8.2, 1.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.88 (dd, J=19.1, 1.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.74 (ddd, J=33.2, 14.0, 5.5 Hz, 1 H) 3.44 (dd, J=12.8, 8.2 Hz, 1 H) 2.34 (s, 6 H). m/z (EI+) for C11H15FN2 194.8 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 5A: N-((3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide

      A suspension of 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole (73.0 g, 441 mmol, 1.1 eq) in acetonitrile (3.3 L) was stirred at 20° C. until a clear solution was obtained. 3-(methylsulfonyl)propanoic acid (67.0 g, 440 mmol, 1.1 eq) was then added and the mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 3 hr. (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-amine bis-tosylate (220 g, 400 mmol, 1.0 eq) was added and the mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 16 hr resulting in a fine white slurry. The solids were filtered off and the byproduct cake washed with acetonitrile (600 mL). The acetonitrile solution was then concentrated to a low stir volume and then taken up in EtOAc (2.0 L) and washed with 1 N aqueous sodium bicarbonate (1.3 L). The aqueous layer was back extracted with EtOAc (500 mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (1.0 L). The resulting EtOAc solution was distilled to remove about 2.0 L of distillate and then displaced with 2-propanol under atmospheric conditions until the internal temperature rose to 78° C. while maintaining a total volume of 2 L. The batch was then cooled to 20° C. and granulated at 20° C. for 12 hr resulting in product crystallization. The desired product was isolated by filtration and the cake washed with 2-propanol (600 mL), then dried in an oven at 40° C. under reduced pressure for 12 hr. The title compound (108 g, 308 mmol) was isolated in 77% yield. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.36 (br. d., J=7.0 Hz, 1 H) 7.37-7.29 (m, 4 H) 7.29-7.23 (m, 1 H) 4.90 (ddt, J=53.4, 5.3, 2×1.7 Hz, 1 H) 4.25 (dddd, J=26.4, 13.9, 7.0, 1.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.61 (d, J=13.2 Hz, 1 H) 3.57 (d, J=13.2 Hz, 1 H) 3.36-3.28 (m, 2 H) 3.03 (dd, J=9.3, 7.5 Hz, 1 H) 2.97 (s, 3 H) 2.80 (dd, J=24.0, 11.6 Hz, 1 H) 2.66 (ddd, J=30.6, 11.6, 5.3 Hz, 1 H) 2.57 (td, 2×7.7, 1.4 Hz, 2 H) 2.18 (dd, J=9.4, 6.7 Hz, 1 H). m/z (EI+) for C15H21FN2O3S 329.7 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 6A: N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide

      To a Parr reactor was added N-((3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide (86.5 g, 263 mmol, 1.0 eq), palladium hydroxide (20% on carbon, 2.59 g, 3.69 mmol, 3 wt/wt %) and MeOH (430 mL). The reactor was purged three times with nitrogen (50 psi) and then purged three times with hydrogen (20 psi). The reactor was heated at 50° C. and then pressurized to 50 psi while stirring at 1200 rpm. The material was hydrogenated for 7 hr and then cooled to 20° C. and purged with nitrogen. The mixture was filtered to remove the catalyst and the cake was washed with MeOH (173 mL). The combined filtrate and wash were concentrated to about 200 mL followed by addition of MTBE (200 mL) and then concentrated to a low stir volume. Additional MTBE (200 mL) was added and the resulting slurry granulated at 20° C. for 16 hr. The desired product was isolated by filtration, washed with MTBE (300 mL) and then dried in an oven at 40° C. for 12 hr. The title compound was isolated in 90% yield (53.3 g, 224 mmol) as a white crystalline solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.15 (br. d., J=6.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.96-4.78 (m, 1 H) 4.14-4.01 (m, 1 H) 3.32 (dd, J=8.0, 7.3 Hz, 2 H) 3.13 (dd, J=11.8, 6.8 Hz, 1 H) 3.01-2.93 (m, 1 H) 2.98 (s, 3 H) 2.88 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 1 H) 2.60 (br. s., 1 H) 2.5 7-2.52 (m, 3 H). m/z (EI+) for C8H15FN2O3S 239.1 (M+H)+.

Step 1: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine

      A suspension of 6-chloro-2-fluoro-9H-purine (88% potency, 5.90 kg, 30.20 mol, 1.00 eq), 3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-amine hydrochloride (98% potency, 5.55 kg, 33.22 mol, 1.10 eq), and sodium bicarbonate (10.1 kg, 120.81 mol, 4.00 eq) in EtOAc (106 L) was stirred at 50° C. for 12 hr. The reaction mixture was then cooled to 20° C., granulated for 1 hr, filtered, and the solids were washed with EtOAc (18 L) and dried on the filter. The crude product was charged back into the reactor and suspended in water (106 L) and stirred at 35° C. for 2 hr. The resulting slurry was cooled to 20° C. and the desired product was isolated by filtration and the cake was washed with water (30 L) and then with EtOAc (30 L) and dried for 16 hr at 50° C. to give the title compound (6.26 kg, 23.8 mol, 79% yield) as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 13.03 (br. s., 1 H) 9.21 (br. s., 1 H) 8.18 (br. s., 1 H) 7.74 (br. s., 1 H) 3.81 (br. s., 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C10H11FN7O 264.2 (M+H)+.

Step 2: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl-9H-purin-6-amine

      To a 100 L reactor fitted with a caustic scrubber was added 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (44.0 L), 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine (2.20 kg, 8.36 mol, 1.00 eq) and potassium phosphate tribasic (7.10 kg, 33.43 mol mmol, 4.00 eq). The resulting mixture was stirred at 5° C. and dimethyl sulfate (1.42 kg, 11.28 mol, 1.35 eq) was added and the resulting mixture was stirred at 5° C. for 1 hr. The reaction was warmed from 5° C. to 15° C. over 2 hr and then held at 15° C. for 20 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5° C. and quenched with water (44.0 L) while maintaining the internal temperature below 10° C. The mixture was then heated at 50° C. for 2 hr and then cooled to 10° C. and granulated for 2 hr. The product was isolated by filtration and washed with water (11.0 L) and then with 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (11.0 L). The cake was dried under vacuum at 40° C. for 8 hr to give the title compound (1.99 kg, 7.18 mol, 86% yield) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.23 (br. s., 1 H) 8.13 (br. s., 1 H) 7.67 (s, 1 H) 3.78 (s, 3 H)3.70 (s, 3 H) 3.69 (br. s., 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C11H13FN7O 278.2 (M+H)+.

Step 3: Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

      To a 200 L Hastelloy reactor heated to 40° C. was added sulfolane (22.4 L) and N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide (4.03 kg, 16.9 mol, 1.05 eq) and stirred the resulting mixture until all solids were dissolved. To this solution was added 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl-9H-purin-6-amine (4.47 kg, 16.1 mol, 1.00 eq) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (8.50 L, 48.7 mol, 3.0 eq) and the mixture heated at 115° C. for 16 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled to 30° C., and a solution of potassium hydroxide (2.26 kg, 40.3 mol, 2.5 eq) in water (44.7 L) was added. After stirring for 4 hr, the reaction mixture was cooled to 20° C., water (44.7 L) was added and the resulting mixture granulated for 12 hr. The crude product was isolated on a Nutsche filter and washed with water (27 L) and then dried under nitrogen on the filter. The reactor was cleaned and then charged with water (35.8 L) and acetone (53.6 L). The crude product cake was charged back into the reactor and heated to 60° C. until all of the solids had dissolved. The batch was then cooled to 40° C. and then transferred into a speck free 100 L reactor via an in-line 10 μm filter. The 200 L reactor, line and filter were rinsed with acetone (5 L) and sent into the 100 L reactor. The batch was concentrated with the jacket temperature set at 70° C. under partial vacuum until the acetone content reduced to 5 wt %, as determined by gas chromatography head space. The batch was then cooled to 20° C. and granulated for 4 hr. The product was filtered, washed with water (18 L) and dried in a vacuum oven at 55° C. for 8 hr. The title compound (3.942 kg, 9.49 mol, 59%) was isolated as a white crystalline solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.44 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1 H) 7.97 (s, 1 H) 7.82 (s, 1 H) 7.78 (s, 1 H) 6.23 (dd, J=10.0, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 6.14 (dd, J=2.8, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.62 (dd, J=2.8, 10.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.12 (d, J=51.0 Hz, 1 H) 4.46 (td, J=6.0, 11.9 Hz, 1 H) 3.88-3.6 (m, 4 H) 3.82 (s, 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3 H) 3.62 (s, 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C18H23FN9O2 416.3 (M+H)+.

 

Summary of 1st generation and 2nd generation EGFR inhibitors.

Summary of 1st generation and 2nd generation EGFR inhibitors

Image for unlabelled figure

REFERENCES

Planken, S.; Murray, B. W.; Lafontaine, J.; Weinrich, S.; Hemkens, M.; Kath, J. C.; Nair, S. K.; Johnson, T. O.; Cheng, H.; Sutton, S. C.; Zientek, M.; Yin, M. -J.; Solowiej, J.; Nagata, A.; Gajiwala, K. Abstracts of Papers, 249th ACS National Meeting & Exposition, Denver, CO, United States, March 22–26, 2015; MEDI-248

//////Third generation,  covalent EGFR inhibitors, PF-06747775, Pfizer,  PFE-X775

Compound name  AND  SMILES string
Rociletinib COC(C=C(N1CCN(C(C)=O)CC1)C=C2)=C2NC3=NC=C(C(F)(F)F)C(NC4=CC=CC(NC(C=C)=O)=C4)=N3
Osimertinib CN(CCN(C)C)C(C(NC(C=C)=O)=C1)=CC(OC)=C1NC2=NC=CC(C3=CN(C)C4=C3C=CC=C4)=N2
EGF816 ClC1=C2C(N=C(NC(C3=CC(C)=NC=C3)=O)N2[C@H]4CN(C(/C=C/CN(C)C)=O)CCCC4)=CC=C1
PF-06747775 CN1C2=NC(N3C[C@@H](NC(C=C)=O)[C@H](F)C3)=NC(NC4=CN(C)N=C4OC)=C2N=C1
PF-06459988 CN(N=C1)C=C1NC2=NC3=C(C(Cl)=CN3)C(OC[C@H]4CN(C(C=C)=O)C[C@@H]4OC)=N2
WZ4002 ClC1=CN=C(NC2=C(OC)C=C(N3CCN(C)CC3)C=C2)N=C1OC4=CC=CC(NC(C=C)=O)=C4

Fosfluconazole


Fosfluconazole.png

Fosfluconazole

Fosfluconazole; 194798-83-9; UNII-3JIJ299EWH; 3JIJ299EWH; NCGC00182029-01;

2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-di(1h-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate;

2,4-difluoro-α,α-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl) benzyl alcohol, dihydrogen phosphate

Molecular Formula: C13H13F2N6O4P
Molecular Weight: 386.250688 g/mol

Agouron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Research Code:UK-292663, UK 292663, F-FLCZ, F FLCZ

Trade Name:Prodif® PFIZER

MOA:Azole antifungal

Indication:Cryptococcus neoformans; Candidiasis

Status:Approved, Japan PMDA OCT 16 2003

Company:Pfizer (Originator)

Candidiasis,Cryptococcus neoformans, Injection, Solution, Eq. 100 mg/200 mg/400 mg fluconazole per vial

Fosfluconazole (INN) is a water-soluble phosphate prodrug of fluconazole – a triazole antifungal drug used in the treatment and prevention of superficial and systemic fungal infections. The phosphate ester bond is hydrolysed by the action of a phosphatase – an enzyme that removes a phosphate group from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl group (see dephosphorylation).

Fosfluconazole was approved by Pharmaceuticals and Medicals Devices Agency of Japan (PMDA) on Oct 16, 2003. It was developed and marketed as Prodif® by Pfizer in Japan.

Fosfluconazole is a water-soluble phosphate prodrug of fluconazole – a triazole antifungal drug. It is indicated for the treatment of candida and cryptococcus infections.

Prodif® is available as solution for intravenous use, containing 100, 200 or 400 mg of free Fosfluconazole per vial. The recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg administered intravenously once daily for candidiasis. Another dose is 50 to 200 mg fluconazole once daily for cryptococcosis.

 

Route 1

Reference:1. WO9728169A1 / US6977302B2.

2. Org. Process Res. Dev.2002, 6, 109-112.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/op010064%2B

2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)- 2-propyl dihydrogen phosphate (2). A slurry of dibenzyl 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)-2-propyl phosphate (30.1 kg, 53.13 mol), 5% palladium-on-carbon catalyst (50% wet, type 5R39, 1.5 kg), and sodium hydroxide (4.36 kg, 108.9 mol) in low-endotoxin water (75.7 L) was hydrogenated at ambient temperature and 414 kPa (60 psi) for 12 h. The slurry was filtered, and the catalyst was washed with low-endotoxin water (9.8 L). After separating the toluene by-product, the aqueous phase was slurried with carbon (3.1 kg) for 30 min. After the carbon was removed by filtration, the aqueous phase was acidified to pH 1.45 by that addition of sulfuric acid (6.69 kg) in low-endotoxin water (25 L) over 2 h. The resulting slurry was granulated at ambient temperature for 1 h and then filtered. The product was sequentially washed with filtered low-endotoxin water (103 L) and filtered acetone (103 L). The product was dried under vacuum at 50 °C for 12 h to give the title compound (18.1 kg, 88%) a white powder: mp 223-224 °C.

1H NMR (DMSO) δ 5.07 (2H, d), 5.24 (2H, d), 6.77-6.83 (1H, m), 7.00-7.18 (2H, m), 7.75 (2H, s), 8.53 (2H, s).

Found: C, 40.28; H, 3.39; N, 21.63;

[MH]+ 387.0786. C13H13F2N6O4P requires: C, 40.43; H, 3.39; N, 21.78; [MH]+ 387.0782.

 

US6977302

https://www.google.com/patents/US6977302

EXAMPLE 1 1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl dihydrogen phosphate

(a) Dibenzyl 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl phosphate

Method A

A solution of 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-ol (also known as fluconazole, 10.0 g, 32.6 mmol), 1H-tetrazole (6.85 g, 97.8 mmol), dibenzyl diisopropyl phosphoramidite (22.55 g, 65.2 mmol) in methylene chloride (100 ml) was stirred at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere for 2 hours. The mixture was then cooled to 0° C., and a solution of 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (13.5 g, 50-55% w/w, 39.1 mmol) in methylene chloride (50 ml) was added maintaining the temperature at 0° C. The resulting mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature for 1 hour before washing with aqueous sodium metabisulphite and sodium bicarbonate. After drying (MgSO4) the solvent was removed and replaced with methyl isobutyl ketone (37 ml) and tert-butyl methyl ether (74 ml). After granulating at −10° C. for 1 hour the product was filtered and washed with ice cold methyl isobutyl ketone and tert-butyl methyl ether (1:3, 15 ml) and dried at 50° C. under vacuum for 18 hours to give the subtitle compound (16.05 g, 87%), m.p. 93° C.

Found: C, 57.12; H, 4.46; N, 14.85. C27H25F2N6O4P requires C, 57.24; H, 4.46; N, 14.84%. m/z 567 (MH+) 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ=4.90 (d, 2H), 4.95 (d, 2H), 5.05 (d, 2H), 5.19 (d, 2H), 6.58-6.73 (m, 2H), 6.88-6.95 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.30 (m, 4H) 7.32-7.38 (m; 6H), 7.80 (s, 2H), 8.36 (s, 2H).

Method B

To stirred ethyl acetate (1530 ml) was added 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-ol (also known as fluconazole, 306 g, 1.00 mol) and pyridine (237.3 g, 3.00 mol) before cooling to 0° C. Phosphorus trichloride (137.4 g, 1.00 mol) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture maintaining the temperature between 0-5° C. before allowing the reaction mixture to warm to 15° C. over 30 minutes. Benzyl alcohol (216 g, 2.00 mol) was then added over 30 minutes at 15-20° C. After a further 30 minutes hydrogen peroxide (27.5% w/w in water, 373 g) was added maintaining the temperature at 15-20° C. After 30 minutes the aqueous phase was removed and the organic phase washed with aqueous sodium metabisulphite, dilute hydrochloric acid and water. The solvent was removed at reduced pressure and replaced with methyl isobutyl ketone (850 ml) and tert-butyl methyl ether (1132 ml). After granulating at 20° C. for 1 hour and at 0° C. for 1 hour, the product was filtered and washed with ice cold tert-butyl methyl ether (2×220 ml) and dried at 50° C. under vacuum for 18 hours to give the subtitle compound (358 g, 63%). The melting point and spectroscopic data was identical to that stated in method A.
(b) 2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl dihydrogen phosphate

A slurry of the compound of step (a) (9.80 g, 17.3 mmol), 5% palladium on carbon catalyst (50% wet, 1.0 g) and sodium hydroxide (1.38 g, 34.6 mmol) in water (26 ml) was hydrogenated at room temperature and 414 kPa (60 p.s.i.) for 20 hours. The solution was filtered through a pad of celite (trade mark) and washed with water (5 ml). The toluene was separated and the aqueous phase cooled to 0° C. whereupon sulphuric acid (1.70 g, 17.3 mmol) was added. The resulting slurry was granulated at 0° C. for 1 hour and then filtered, washed with water (2×5 ml) and dried under vacuum at 50° C. to give the title compound (5.80 g, 87%). m.p. 223-224° C.

Found: C, 40.28; H, 3.39; N, 21.63. C13H13F2N6O4P requires C, 40.43; H, 3.39; N, 21.76%. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ=5.07 (d, 2H) 5.24 (d, 2H), 6.77-6.83 (m, 1H), 7.00-7.18 (m, 2H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 8.53 (s, 2H).

EXAMPLE 2 2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl disodium phosphate

A solution of the compound of Example 1(a) (10.0 g, 17.7 mmol) and sodium acetate (2.90 g, 35.3 mmol) in ethanol (160 ml) and water (20 ml) was hydrogenated over Pearlman’s catalyst (1.00 g) at room temperature and at 345 kPa (50 p.s.i.) for 16 hours. The solution was filtered through a pad of celite (trade mark) and the solvents removed at reduced pressure to leave a thick syrup. This was dissolved in ethanol (100 ml) with the aid of sonication and warmed to reflux. The resulting solution was allowed to cool slowly and granulate for 1 hour at room temperature. The product was filtered, washed with ethanol (10 ml) and dried under vacuum at 50° C. to give the title compound (4.48 g, 59%). m.p. 160-162° C.

1H NMR (300 MHz, D2O) δ=5.01 (d, 2H), 5.40 (d, 2H), 6.60 (m, 1H), 6.79 (m, 1H), 7.11 (m, 1H), 7.63 (s, 2H), 8.68 (s, 2H).

 

Route 2

Reference:1. CN103864844A.

http://www.google.com/patents/CN103864844A?cl=en

TRANSLATED BY MACHINE…….TEXT MAY VARY

forskolin fluconazole (fosf Iuconazole, Formula I) is fluconazole (Formula IV) of monophosphate prodrugs, fluconazole in the tertiary alcohol into a phosphate ester, not only did not introduce a chiral center, also increased water solubility, because a long time to overcome the low water solubility of fluconazole resulting larger infusion volume defects. After intravenous administration in the role of phosphatases in vivo hydrolysis into fluconazole, pharmacological effect. Blessing from the Central Institute of the United States Secretary of fluconazole Fai end developed, launched in Japan in 2004 I May 15, for the treatment of candidiasis and cryptococcal infections caused deep as true bacteremia, respiratory fungal disease, fungal peritoneum

Inflammation, gastrointestinal fungal disease, fungal urinary tract infections, fungal meningitis.

 

Figure CN103864844AD00031

Synthesis gas itraconazole on forskolin in W09728169, Organic Process Research & Development (200 2), 6 (2), 109-112, CN1789270, Art of Drug Synthesis (2007), 71-82, etc. have been reported in the literature . Which Organic Process Research & Development (2002) described in detail in the first blessing Secretary fluconazole and improved synthetic route for the route problems to adapt to industrial mass production of synthetic routes.

  Document Organic Process Research & Development (2002), 6,109-112 discloses the following two synthetic routes.

Route One:

 

Figure CN103864844AD00032

Route two:

 

Figure CN103864844AD00041

  The final step is a route to the removal of benzyl group in a methanol solvent by palladium on carbon catalyzed hydrogenation reaction yield was 65%. Since forskolin fluconazole final product insoluble in methanol, and therefore there is a route following shortcomings: a catalyst poisoning, the final product is easy to form methanol solvate, removing the catalyst in the loss of product, the final product are difficult to separate, low yield not suitable for industrial production.

Two routes still using palladium on carbon hydrogenation debenzylation, except that the solvent was changed to sodium hydroxide solution, the product of soluble and stable in aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, after filtering off the catalyst, forskolin fluoro itraconazole by acidification of sodium sulfate can be easily obtained blessing Secretary of fluconazole, the reaction yield of 85-90%.

  In the prior art, the removal of benzyl preparation blessing Secretary of fluconazole, the use of a pressure hydrogenation, relatively harsh reaction conditions; and blessing Secretary of fluconazole in water and slightly soluble in methanol, for blessing Secretary fluconazole further refined and purified more difficult. The present invention aims to provide a new and suitable for industrial production methods blessing Secretary fluconazole.

Example 1

  2- (2,4-gas-phenyl) -1,3-bis (1H-1, 2,4- two P sat 1-yl) -2-propyl-di-benzyl-pity Cool ( Preparation blessing Secretary fluconazole dibenzyl ester)

Step  The method according to CN1210540A in Example 1 A or Method B of (a), was prepared to give the title compound, having 1H-NMR shown in Figure 1 (SOi) MHz, DMS0-D6) spectrum.

  Example 2

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas

Itraconazole ammonium salt) Preparation

 

Figure CN103864844AD00071

  Formula III blessing Secretary fluconazole two benzyl ester (566g, lmol), 120g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in methanol (6L), and stirred under reflux for 5h , TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (566ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 415g, yield 98.8%.

] lH-Mffi (500MHz, DMS0-D6) δ: 4.87-4.90, 5.58-5.61,6.56-6.60, 6.94-7.03,7.52-7.61,8.96, having 1H-NMR shown in Figure 2 (500MHz, DMS0 -D6) spectrum.

  Example 3

2- (2,4-gas-phenyl) -1,3-bis (1H-1, 2,4- two 1-yl) -2-propyl-pity acid dioxide Cool (forskolin

Fluconazole) Preparation of

 

Figure CN103864844AD00072

[0052] Formula II forskolin fluconazole salt (420g, Imol), in water (IL) while stirring, filtered, 2mol / L sulfuric acid aqueous solution (500ml), 5 ° C under stirring for lh, filtered, cold water ( 200ml) wash, 50 ° C under dry blessed Division fluconazole 379g, yield 98%.

  1H-Mffi (SOOMHz) DMSO-De) δ:. 5.09-5.12,5.25-5.28,6.80-6.84,7.05-7.16,7.77,8.55,10.32 [0054] Example 4

  2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1Η-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 84g of dry Pd / C (5% containing button) and ammonium formate (189g, 3mol) in anhydrous methanol (5L) in the mixture was stirred at reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 410g, yield 97.5%.

Example 5

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 30g of dry Pd / C (containing 10% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in anhydrous methanol (5L) in the mixture was stirred at reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 405g, yield 96.4%.

  Example 6

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 30g of dry Pd / C (containing 10% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in ethanol (12L) and stirred was refluxed for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction, was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 395g, 94% yield.

  Example 7

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 170g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% of palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in ethanol (16L) was stirred under reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 398g, yield 94.7%.

  Example 8

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 120g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in isopropanol (12L) in the mixture was stirred at reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 402g, a yield of 95.7%.

Example 9

  2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

[0071] under nitrogen blessing Secretary fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 60g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium) and ammonium formate (504g, 8mol) in methanol (8L) in, 50 ° C under stirring reaction 40h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction, was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added ^ OOml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 398g, yield 94.8%.

Example 10

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (5668,111101), 8 (^ dry? (1 / (:( containing palladium 5%) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) for n-propyl alcohol (12L) in, 60 ° C the reaction was stirred 20h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 398g 95% yield.

Example 11

2- (2,4-gas-phenyl) -1,3-bis (1H-1, 2,4- sit two P-1-yl) -2-propyl-pity acid dioxide Cool (forskolin fluconazole) Preparation of [0077] under nitrogen blessing Secretary fluconazole dibenzyl ester 566 g (Imol) adding 56g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium), methanol 6L, 315 g of ammonium formate, stirring boil under reflux for 5h, TLC after completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, addition of IL of water and dissolved with stirring, filtered, 2mol / L sulfuric acid 500mL, 5 ° C with stirring to precipitate lh, filtered, 200mL cold water, 50 ° C drying 365 g, 95% yield.

  Example 12 forskolin fluconazole salt and HPLC detection methods blessing Secretary fluconazole:

  High performance liquid chromatography (Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2010 edition two Appendix VD): octadecylsilane bonded silica as a filler, Column: Thermo BDS C18 (4.6 X 150mm, 3.5 μ m); methanol as mobile phase A, phosphate buffer (take potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.68g, set 1000ml water, triethylamine 6ml, adjusted to pH 5.0 with phosphoric acid) as the mobile phase B, a flow rate of 1.0ml / min; column temperature 35 ° C; detection wavelength was 210nm, linear gradient.

 

Figure CN103864844AD00091

 

  After the examination, according to the peak area calculation, purity prepared in Example 2-11 was the implementation of the target product of 99.5%.

Patent Submitted Granted
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IMPURITIES

1

Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity A C13H12F2N6O306.2786386-73-4
2
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity B C13H13F2N6O4P386.25
3
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity C C13H14FN6O4P368.26
4
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity D C13H14FN6O4P368.26
5
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity E C27H25F2N6O4P566.5
6
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity F C20H19F2N6O4P476.37
7
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity G C13H13F2N6O5P402.25
8
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity H C13H15N6O4P350.27
9
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity I C13H14FN6O4P368.26
Fosfluconazole
Fosfluconazol.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
{[2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
Legal status
  • (Prescription only)
Routes of
administration
IV
Identifiers
CAS Number 194798-83-9 Yes
ATC code None
PubChem CID 214356
ChemSpider 185843 Yes
UNII 3JIJ299EWH Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL1908301 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C13H13F2N6O4P
Molar mass 386.25 g/mol

 

CN1210540A * Jan 27, 1997 Mar 10, 1999 辉瑞研究开发公司 Triazole derivatives useful in therapy
CN1789270A * Dec 16, 2005 Jun 21, 2006 西安新安医药科技有限公司 Mycotic ingection-resisting fosfluconazole hydrate and preparation method thereof
CN101890028A * Feb 22, 2007 Nov 24, 2010 卫材R&D管理有限公司 Stabilized pharmaceutical composition
CN102439018A * Mar 3, 2010 May 2, 2012 塞普斯制药有限公司 Fosfluconazole derivatives, synthesis, and use in long acting formulations
US20040007689 * Jun 23, 2003 Jan 15, 2004 Pfizer Inc. Process for controlling the hydrate mix of a compound
1 * ARTHUR BENTLEY等: “The Discovery and Process Development of a Commercial Route to the Water Soluble Prodrug, Fosfluconazole“, 《ORGANIC PROCESS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT》, vol. 6, no. 2, 18 December 2001 (2001-12-18), XP002491526, DOI: doi:10.1021/op010064+
2 * 国大亮 等: “福司氟康唑“, 《齐鲁药事》, vol. 24, no. 1, 30 January 2005 (2005-01-30), pages 60
3 * 村上尚道: “fosfluconazole“, 《NEW DRUGS OF THE WORLD:2003》, vol. 33, no. 10, 15 September 2004 (2004-09-15), pages 56

//////UK-292663, UK 292663, F-FLCZ, F FLCZ, Fosfluconazole,  194798-83-9, UNII-3JIJ299EWH, 3JIJ299EWH, NCGC00182029-01

Fc1ccc(c(F)c1)C(OP(=O)(O)O)(Cn2ncnc2)Cn3ncnc3

Pfizer’s Fosdagrocorat, PF-04171327 for Rheumatoid Arthritis


Fosdagrocorat, PF-04171327,

CAS 1044535-58-1

(2R,4aS,10aR)-4a-Benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate

2-Phenanthrenecarboxamide, 4b,5,6,7,8,8a,9,10-octahydro-N-(2-methyl-3-pyridinyl)-4b-(phenylmethyl)-7-(phosphonooxy)-7-(trifluoromethyl)-, (4bS,7R,8aR)-

(2R,4aS,10aR)-4a-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate

MF C29H30F3N2O5P
Exact Mass: 574.1844

 

  • PF 04171327
  • PF-04171327
  • UNII-HPI19004QS
  • Selective Glucocorticoid Receptor Modulator

phase 2 .Rheumatoid Arthritis

Glucocorticoid receptor modulators

Pfizer

  • 03 Sep 2015Phase II development of fosdagrocorat is ongoing
  • 01 Jun 2014Pfizer completes a phase II trial in Rheumatoid arthritis in US, Bulgaria, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, India, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain and the Ukraine (NCT01393639)
  • 30 Sep 2011Phase-II clinical trials in Rheumatoid arthritis in Bulgaria, Colombia, Germany, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Romania and South Africa (PO)

 

Fosdagrocorat, also known as PF-04171327, a dissociated agonist of the glucocorticoid receptor (DAGR), a selective high-affinity partial agonist of the GR with potent anti-inflammatory activity at exposures that provide less undesirable effects on bone and glucose metabolism compared with prednisone (pred).

Glucocorticoid receptor modulators are glucocorticoid receptor ligands that are used to treat a variety of conditions because of their powerful anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and immunomodulatory activity. J. Miner, et al., Expert Opin. Investig. Drugs (2005) 14(12):1527-1545.
Examples of glucocorticoid receptor modulators include dexamethasone, prednisone, prednisolone, RU-486, and as described in WO 2000/66522 and WO 2004/005229.
Treatment with glucocorticoid receptor modulators is often associated with side effects, such as bone loss and osteoporosis.
Identifying a glucocorticoid receptor modulator that is efficacious, potent, and has mitigated side-effects fulfills a medical need.

1044535-58-1.png

SYNTHESIS COMING…………

PATENT

WO 2008093227/US 20100286214

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2008093227A1?cl=en

SCHEME A

The 1 (/?)-Benzyl-5-bromo-9(S)-hydro-10(R)-hydroxy-10(R)-methyl-tricyclo[7.3.1.027]trideca-2,4,6-trien-13-one of Formula A-8 was prepared using the protocol described in Scheme A, which is generally disclosed in WO 00/66522. Ph depicts Phenyl. Bn depicts Benzyl. Compound A-1 can be purchased (for example, VOUS and Riverside; CAS No. 4133-35-1 ). Compound A-2 can be prepared as described in Org. Syn. 1971 , 51 , 109-112.

SCHEME B

The (4βS,7R,8αR)-4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-Λ/-(2-methylpyridin-3-yl)-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4b,5,6,7,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxamide was prepared as described in Scheme B.

SCHEME C

The (2R,4αS, 10αR)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,3,4,4α,9,10,10α-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate of C-3 was prepared as described in Scheme C. Bn depicts benzyl.

SCHEME D

The (2R,4αS,10αR)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,3,4,4α,9,10,10α-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate of C-3 was prepared as described in Scheme D. Bn depicts benzyl. Ph depicts phenyl.

SCHEME E


The (2R,4αS, 10αR)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoy[)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,3,4,4α,9,10,10α-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate of C-3 was prepared as described in Scheme E. Bn depicts benzyl. Ph depicts phenyl.

Starting Material A-8 is 1(R)~Benzyl-5-bromo-9(S)-hydro-10(R)-hydroxy-10(R)-methyl-tricyclo[7.3.1.027]trideca-2,4,6-trien-13-one as depicted by the following formula:

Preparation 1 : (S)-4a-benzyl-7-bromo-2-ethoxy-3,4,4a,9-tetrahydrophenanthrene

Starting Material A-8 (450 g; 1.17 moles) was dissolved in ethanol (4.5 L) at ambient temperature. 21% sodium ethoxide in ethanol (44 mL; 0.12 moles) was added and the mixture was heated to reflux for three hours. Once the Starting Material A-8 was consumed, the reaction mixture was chilled to -250C. Acetyl chloride (250 mL; 3.51 moles) was slowly added to the mixture while the temperature was maintained near -25°C. After the addition was complete, the mixture was warmed to O0C and held there until the intermediate enone was consumed. The mixture was slurry at this point. 21 % sodium ethoxide in ethanol (1.31 L; 3.51 moles) was added to the mixture while the temperature was maintained between -5°C and 50C. If the mixture was not basic, more sodium ethoxide was added. The temperature of the mixture was increased to 25°C and then diluted with water (5.9 L). The mixture was filtered and the solid was washed with water (3 X). The title compound (440 g; 85 area %) was obtained as a beige solid. 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 1.27 (t, 3H), 1.65 (dt, 1 H), 2.06 (d, 1 H), 2.21 (dd, 1 H)1 2.49 (m, 1 H), 2.65 (m, 2H), 2.89 (m, 2H), 3.85 (q, 2H), 5.45 (m, 2H), 6.44 (d, 2H), 6.98 (t, 2H), 7.06 (m, 2H), 7.25 (d, 1 H), 7.33 (dd, 1 H).

Preparation 2: (S)-4a-benzyl-7-bromo-2,2-(1,2-ethylenedioxy)-1,2,3,4,4a,9-hexahydrophenanthrene

The (S)-4α-benzyl-7-bromo-2-ethoxy-3,4,4α,9-tetrahydrophenanthrene (1270 g; 3.2 moles; 85 area %, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 1 ) was dissolved in toluene (6.45 L). The ethylene glycol (898 mL; 16.1 moles) and p-toluenesulfonic acid (6.1 g; 0.03 moles) were added and the reaction heated to reflux. Solvent (1 L) was distilled from the mixture and replaced with fresh toluene (1 L). This distillation process was repeated twice more. More p-toluenesulfonic acid (6.1 g) was added each time fresh toluene was added. During the reaction, two intermediates (detected by LC) were formed as the substrate was converted into product. The end point of the reaction was an equilibrium point between the two intermediates and the product. Once the endpoint was reached, the mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. The mixture was washed with 0.5 M NaOH (2 L). The phases separated quickly and both were dark with a small rag layer. The mixture was washed with water (2 L). The phases
separated very slowly. The mixture was dried by azeotropic distillation. Methanol (4 L) was added to the mixture and solvent (4 L) was distilled from the mixture. The methanol addition and solvent distillation were repeated twice more. Methanol was added to the mixture and precipitation occurred a few minutes later. More methanol (4 L) was added to the mixture and then brought to reflux. After 30 minutes, the mixture was cooled to 00C. The mixture was filtered and the solid was washed with chilled methanol (2 X 2L). The solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 65°C. The title compound (882 g; 98 area %) was obtained as a beige solid. 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 1.71 (m, 2H), 2.06 (m, 2H), 2.31 (dd, 1 H), 2.39 (m, 1 H), 2.68 (d, 1 H), 2.77 (m, 1 H), 2.86 (dd, 1 H), 3.36 (d, 1 H), 3.86 (m, 4H), 5.45 (m, 1 H), 6.50 (m, 2H), 7.00 (m, 4H), 7.37 (dd, 1 H), 7.44 (d, 1 H).

Preparation 3: (S)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7,7-(1,2-ethylenedioxy)-4β,5,6,7,8,10-hexahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate

The (S)-4α-benzyl-7-bromo-2,2-(1 ,2-ethylenedioxy)-1 ,2,3,4,4α,9-hexahydrophenanthrene (719 g; 1.75 moles, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 2) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (7.19 L) and chilled to -7O0C. The 1.6 M n-butyl lithium in hexane (2270 mL; 2.27 moles) was added at a rate such that the temperature was maintained below -6O0C. The mixture held an additional 15 minutes after the addition. Carbon dioxide (108 g; 2.45 moles) was added while the temperature was maintained below -60°C. The mixture held an additional 15 minutes after the addition. The mixture was warmed to ambient temperature. Solvent (7 L) was distilled from the mixture at atmospheric pressure. DMF (7 L) was added to the mixture. The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. Methyl iodide (152 mL; 2.45 moles) was added and the mixture was held until the reaction was completed (~1 hour). The mixture was heated to 7O0C and solvent was distilled by gradually reducing the pressure to 70 mmHg. Once distillation had ceased, the mixture was cooled to room
temperature. Water (6.5 L) was slowly added to the mixture to precipitate the product. The mixture was filtered and the solid washed with water (3 X). The solid was dried on the filter. The crude product (736 g; 74 area %) was obtained as a beige solid. The product was purified by chromatography. 463 g of product was recovered from the chromatography. This material was separated from n-heptane (6130 mL). 394 g of the title compound was recovered. Another 70 g of title compound was recovered from the mother liquor by chromatography. 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 1.74 (m, 2H), 2.10 (m, 2H)1 2.33 (dd, 1 H), 2.45 (m, 1 H), 2.72 (d, 1 H), 2.79 (m, 1 H), 2.94 (dd, 1 H), 3.40 (d, 1 H), 3.87 (m, 7H), 5.49 (m, 1 H), 6.47 (m, 2H), 6.93 (m, 2H), 7.01 (m, 1 H), 7.42 (d, 1 H), 7.64 (d, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, 1 H).

Preparation 4: (4βS,8α/?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7,7-(1,2-ethylenedioxy)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate

The (S)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7,7-(1 ,2-ethylenedioxy)-4β,5,6,7,8,10-hexahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (201 g; 0.515 moles, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 3) and 50 ml of ethylene glycol was dissolved in toluene (2.0 L) in an autoclave. To this was added 10 grams of a 5% Pd/C (dry catalyst). The autoclave was then sealed and purged with nitrogen (three cycles) followed by hydrogen (three cycles). The reaction was run for 18 hours with a pressure of 80 psig and temperature of 50 0C. HPLC analysis for completion and selectivity (typical selectivity’s are: 95 to 5, Trans to Cis). The suspension was filtered through Celite® to remove the catalyst and the toluene solution is concentrated at 50 0C, under vacuum, to
approximately 200 ml. While still at 50 0C, 1 L of 1-butanol was added and the solution heated to 60 0C, until clear. Upon cooling, the resulting solid title compound was isolated by vacuum filtration (196 grams; 97%; Trans to Cis 95.75 to 4.24). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm: 7.79 (bs, 1 H1 Ar-H), 7.47 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1 H, Ar-H), 7.13-7.05 (cm, 3H, Ar-H), 6.56-6.53 (cm, 2H, Ar-H), 6.43 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1 H, Ar-H), 4.04-3.93 (cm, 4H, 2-CH2), 3.89 (s, 3H, CH3),3.08-3.03 (cm, 3H, CH2, CH-H), 2.63 (d, J= 15 Hz, CH-H), 2.22-1.72 (cm, 8H, 4-CH2), 1.57 (cm, 1 H, CH-H).; 13CNMR (CDCI3, δ): 167.7, 149.2, 137.7, 136.4, 131.1 , 130.5, 127.8, 127.7, 127.4, 126.3, 125.5, 108.9, 64.6, 64.5, 52.1 , 40.5, 39.8, 38.3, 35.8, 31.6, 30.3, 27.9, 24.6.

Preparation 5: (4βS,8α/?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-oxo-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate

ThΘ (4βS,8αR)-mΘthyl 4β-benzyl-7,7-(1 ,2-ethylenΘdioxy)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (150 g, 382 mmol, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 4) was dissolved in dichloromethane (630 ml). Water (270 ml) was added with stirring followed by trifluoroacetic acid (73 ml. 1150 mmol) via drop funnel over 30 minutes, maintaining the internal temperature below 3O0C. After the addition was complete, the reaction was heated at 4O0C for 2 hours. In process check indicated incomplete reaction with around 9% (area percent) starting material. The layers were separated and fresh water (270 ml) and trifluoroacetic acid (31 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was heated at 4O0C for 1 hour. This process was continued until the starting material was consumed. The organic phase was washed with 5% aqueous sodium bicarbonate (300 ml), water (300 ml) and dried over MgSO4 and concentrated to dryness to give 126.4 g of the title compound (representing a 95% yield). 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 7.70 (s, 1 H), 7.37 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (m, 3H), 6.6 (d, J= 5.70 Hz, 2H), 6.45 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.80 (m, 2H), 3.04-1.48 (m, 11 H).

Preparation 6: (4βS,7f?,8α/?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4β,5J6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate


The (4βS,8αf?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-oxo-4β,5,6,7,8I8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (118g, 0.339 mole, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 5) dissolved in dichloromethane was chilled to -5O0C. The solution became turbid. 1.0 M Tetrabutylammonium fluoride a solution in THF (3.4 ml, 0.003 mol) was added with no appreciable temperature change. Trifluorotrimethylsilane (79 ml, 0.51 mol) was added over 20 minutes with a color change to bright orange to light red in color. The reaction mixture was held at -50 0C for about 2 hours and then allowed to warm to 0 0C.
Tetrabutylammonium fluoride (340 ml, 0.34 moles) was added very slowly at 0 0C, to the reaction mixture over 45 minutes. An exotherm was observed with gas evolution. The reaction mixture was stirred 10 minutes and HPLC analysis indicated complete desilylialation. Water (1 L) was added to the reaction mixture and with vigorous stirring and allowed to warm to room temperature. The organic layer was washed with water (1 L). The organic layer was concentrated and chromatographed to produce 72 g, 51 % of the title compound, with an additional 32 g of impure product. 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 7.70 (s, 1 H), 7.37 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H)1 7.09 (m, 3H), 6.5 (dd, J=1.2, 6.6 Hz, 2H), 6.38 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.80 (m, 2H), 3.09-1.21 (m, 13H).

Preparation 7: (4βS,7/?,8α/?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-(bis(benzyloxy)phosphoryloxy)-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate

The (4βS,7R,8αf?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4β)5,6,7)8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (5.0 g; 11.9 mmol, which may be prepared as in Preparation 6) and 5-methyltetrazole (3.6 g; 43.0 mmol) were mixed together in dichloromethane (50 mL) at ambient temperature. Dibenzylphosphoramidite (8.3 mL; 25.1 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred until the reaction was completed (1 hour). The mixture was chilled to 00C and 30% hydrogen peroxide (10 mL) was added. The reaction was stirred until the oxidation was completed (30 minutes). The aqueous phase was separated from the organic phase. The organic phase was washed with 10% sodium meta-bisulfite (50 ml_). The organic phase was dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography with 15% ethyl acetate in hexanes. The purified title compound (8.41 g; 94% yield) was obtained as a colorless oil that contained 6% ethyl acetate by weight. 1H NMR (DMSO): δ 1.31 (t, 1 H), 1.63-1.92 (m, 3H), 2.05-2.35 (m, 3H), 2.63 (d, 1 H), 2.75-3.16 (m, 4H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 5.13 (m, 4H), 6.43 (d, 1 H), 6.49 (m, 2H), 7.04-7.17 (m, 3H), 7.33-7.42 (m, 12H), 7.71 (d, 1 H).

Preparation 8: dibenzyl (2f?,4αS,10αR)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-o yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,3,4,4α,9,10,10α-octahydrophenanthren-2-yI phosphate

The (4βS,7R,8αf?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-(bis(benzyloxy)phosphoryloxy)-7- (trifluoromethyl)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (7.9 g; 11.6 5 mmol, which may be prepared as in Preparation 7) and 3-amino-2-picoline (1.3 g; 12.2 mmol) were mixed together in tetrahydrofuran (80 ml_) and chilled to 0°C. The 1 M solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in tetrahydrofuran (24 ml_; 24.4 mmol) was added while maintaining the temperature below 100C. The mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. Water (50 mL) was added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extract was washed with water. The organic phase was dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography with 70% ethyl acetate in hexanes. The purified title compound (6.79 g; 68% yield) was obtained as a yellow gum that contained 6% ethyl acetate by weight. 1H NMR (DMSO): δ 1.33 (t, 1 H), 1.66-1.93 (m, 3H), 2.08-2.34 (m, 3H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.68 (d, 1 H), 2.76-3.19 (m, 4H), 5.14 (m, 4H), 6.47 (d, 1 H), 6.56 (m, 2H), 7.07-7.19 (m, 3H), 7.20-7.53 (m, 12H), 7.71 (d, 1 H), 7.76 (s, 1 H), 8.32 (d, 1 H), 9.93 (s, 1 H).

Example 1 : (4βS,7/?,8αR)-4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-W-(2-methylpyridin-3-yl)-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxamide

The (4βS,7ft,8αR)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (10 g; 23.9 mmol, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 6), and 3-amino-2-picoline (2.71 g; 25.1 mmol) were dissolved in toluene (200 ml_). The 1 M lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in tetrahydrofuran (74.1 mL; 74.1 mmol) was added at a rate such that the temperature was maintained below 350C. There was a mild exotherm and a solid precipitated during the addition. The mixture was held an additional 30 minutes after the addition. Water (250 mL) was added to the mixture. There was a mild exotherm and the solid dissolved. Ethyl acetate (50 mL) was added to the mixture to ensure the product did not precipitate. Stirring was stopped to allow the phases to separate. The aqueous phase was removed. The organic phase was washed with water (250 mL). Solvent (230 mL) was distilled at atmospheric pressure from the organic phase. The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. The mixture was filtered and the solid was washed with toluene (2 times) followed by heptane (2 times). The solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 700C. The title compound of the present example (10 g) was obtained as a beige solid. 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 1.32 (m, 1 H), 1.82 (m, 4H), 2.10 (m, 4H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.68 (d, 1 H), 3.08 (m, 3H), 6.00 (s, 1H), 6.43 (d, 1 H), 6.59 (m, 2H), 7.12 (m, 3H), 7.25 (dd, 1H), 7.44 (dd, 1H), 7.71 (dd, 1 H), 7.75 (d, 1 H), 8.31 (dd, 1 H), 9.91 (s, 1 H).

Example 2: (2f?,4αS,10αR)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-i ,2,3,4,4α,9,10,1 Oα-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate

The dibenzyl (2R,4αS, 10αR)-4α-bθnzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl phosphate (6 g; 7.9 mmol, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 8) was dissolved in methanol (120 ml_). 5% palladium on carbon (63% water) (1.3 g; 0.4 mmol) was added to the mixture. The mixture was treated with hydrogen (50 psi) at room temperature. The reaction stalled with 12% of the monobenzylic intermediate remaining. The mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite®. Fresh catalyst (1.3 g) was added to the solution and resubmitted to the hydrogenation conditions. Once the reaction was completed, the mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite®. The solution was concentrated to about 60 ml_ by distillation and not by using a rotary evaporator. During the distillation a white solid precipitated. The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. The mixture was filtered and the solid washed with methanol. The solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 700C. The compound of the present example (3.36 g; 75% yield) was obtained as a white solid and had an LC purity of 98 area %. 1H NMR (DMSO): δ 1.33 (t, 1 H)1 1.69-1.98 (m, 3H), 2.07-2.29 (m, 3H)1 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.61-2.80 (m, 2H)1 2.93-3.19 (m, 3H)1 3.30 (d, 1 H), 6.50 (d, 1 H), 6.64 (m, 2H), 7.08-7.20 (m, 3H), 7.29 (dd, 1 H), 7.48 (dd, 1 H), 7.75 (dd, 2H), 8.33 (dd, 1 H), 9.96 (s, 1 H).

 

PATENT

WO 2008093236

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2008093236A1?cl=en

 

Example 1 : (4βS,7/?,8α/?)-4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-N-(2-methylpyridin-3-yl)-7- (trifluoromethyl)-4β,5,6,7,8,8α,9,10-octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxamide

Figure imgf000042_0001

The (4βS,7R,8α/?)-methyl 4β-benzyl-7-hydroxy-7-(trifluoromethyl)-4β,5,6J7,8,δα,9, 10- octahydrophenanthrene-2-carboxylate (10 g; 23.9 mmol, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 6), and 3-amino-2-picoline (2.71 g; 25.1 mmol) were dissolved in toluene (200 ml_). The 1 M lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in tetrahydrofuran (74.1 ml_; 74.1 mmol) was added at a rate such that the temperature was maintained below 350C. There was a mild exotherm and a solid precipitated during the addition. The mixture was held an additional 30 minutes after the addition. Water (250 ml_) was added to the mixture. There was a mild exotherm and the solid dissolved. Ethyl acetate (50 ml_) was added to the mixture to ensure the product did not precipitate. Stirring was stopped to allow the phases to separate. The aqueous phase was removed. The organic phase was washed with water (250 ml_). Solvent (230 ml_) was distilled at atmospheric pressure from the organic phase. The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. The mixture was filtered and the solid was washed with toluene (2 times) followed by heptane (2 times). The solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 700C. The title compound of the present example (10 g) was obtained as a beige solid. 1H NMR (DMSO) δ ppm: 1.32 (m, 1H), 1.82 (m, 4H), 2.10 (m, 4H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.68 (d, 1 H), 3.08 (m, 3H), 6.00 (s, 1 H), 6.43 (d, 1 H), 6.59 (m, 2H), 7.12 (m, 3H), 7.25 (dd, 1 H), 7.44 (dd, 1 H), 7.71 (dd, 1 H), 7.75 (d, 1 H), 8.31 (dd, 1 H), 9.91 (s, 1 H).

Example 2: (2f?,4αS,10α/?)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2- (trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3,4,4α,9,10,10α-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate

Figure imgf000043_0001

The dibenzyl (2R,4αS,10αR)-4α-benzyl-7-((2-methylpyridin-3-yl)carbamoyl)-2- (trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthren-2-yl phosphate (6 g; 7.9 mmol, which may be prepared as described in Preparation 8) was dissolved in methanol (120 ml_). 5% palladium on carbon (63% water) (1.3 g; 0.4 mmol) was added to the mixture. The mixture was treated with hydrogen (50 psi) at room temperature. The reaction stalled with 12% of the monobenzylic intermediate remaining. The mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite®. Fresh catalyst (1.3 g) was added to the solution and resubmitted to the hydrogenation conditions. Once the reaction was completed, the mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite®. The solution was concentrated to about 60 ml_ by distillation and not by using a rotary evaporator. During the distillation a white solid precipitated. The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature. The mixture was filtered and the solid washed with methanol. The solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 7O0C. The compound of the present example (3.36 g; 75% yield) was obtained as a white solid and had an LC purity of 98 area %. 1H NMR (DMSO): δ 1 .33 (t, 1 H), 1 .69- 1.98 (m, 3H), 2.07-2.29 (m, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.61 -2.80 (m, 2H), 2.93-3.19 (m, 3H), 3.30 (d, 1 H), 6.50 (d, 1 H), 6.64 (m, 2H), 7.08-7.20 (m, 3H), 7.29 (dd, 1 H), 7.48 (dd, 1 H), 7.75 (dd, 2H), 8.33 (dd, 1 H), 9.96 (s, 1 H).

REFERENCES

https://www.pfizer.com/sites/default/files/product-pipeline/July%2028%202015%20Pipeline%20Update.pdf

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00938587

////////

Cc1c(cccn1)NC(=O)c2ccc3c(c2)CC[C@H]4[C@]3(CC[C@@](C4)(C(F)(F)F)OP(=O)(O)O)Cc5ccccc5

O=P(O)(O[C@@]1(C(F)(F)F)C[C@@]2([H])CCC3=C(C=CC(C(NC4=CC=CN=C4C)=O)=C3)[C@]2(CC5=CC=CC=C5)CC1)O

 

PF 04995274, a 5-HT4Partial Agonist


PF-04995274,

(R)-4-((4-(((4-(Tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)oxy)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ol

4-(4-{4-[(R)-(Tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxymethyl}-piperidin-1-ylmethyl)-tetrahydro-pyran-4-ol

CAS  1331782-27-4
UNII: XI179PG9LV

MF C23-H32-N2-O6

MW 432.5138

a 5-HT4Partial Agonist

PHASE 1 Alzheimer’s type dementia.

Pfizer Inc. INNOVATOR

5-HT4 agonists have attracted attention for therapeutic value in the treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and cognitive impairment.Acting to increase levels of acetylcholine and soluble APP alpha, 5-HT4 agonists have the potential to demonstrate both ameliorative and disease modifying effects

(R)-4-((4-((4-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)tetrahydro-2/-/-pyran-4-ol and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. This invention also is directed, in part, to a method for treating a 5-HT4 mediated disorder in a mammal. Such disorders include acute neurological and psychiatric disorders, stroke, cerebral ischemia, spinal cord trauma, head trauma, perinatal hypoxia, cardiac arrest, hypoglycemic neuronal damage, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s Chorea, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ocular damage, retinopathy, cognitive disorders, idiopathic and drug- induced Parkinson’s disease, muscular spasms and disorders associated with muscular spasticity including tremors, depression, epilepsy, convulsions, migraine, urinary incontinence, substance tolerance, substance withdrawal, psychosis, schizophrenia, anxiety, mood disorders, trigeminal neuralgia, hearing loss, tinnitus, macular degeneration of the eye, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastrointestinal disease, gastric motility disorder, non-ulcer dyspepsia, functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, dyspepsia, esophagitis, gastroesophageral disease, nausea, emesis, brain edema, pain, tardive dyskinesia, sleep disorders, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, attention deficit disorder, disorders that comprise as a symptom a deficiency in attention and/or cognition, and conduct disorder

PF SYN1

a(a) SOCl2, DMAP, acetone, DME, RT, 81%;

(b) DEAD, PPh3, THF, RT, 65%;

(c) K2CO3, MeOH, RT, 92%;

(d) K2CO3, water, MeOH, 50 °C, 76%;

(e) CDI, THF, 50 °C, 43%;

(f) DEAD, PPh3, THF, reflux, 51%;

(g) HCl, Et2O, RT, 81%;

(h) TEA, MeOH, reflux, 50%.

PAPER

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2012), 55(21), 9240-9254

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm300953p

Abstract Image

The cognitive impairments observed in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are in part a consequence of reduced acetylcholine (ACh) levels resulting from a loss of cholinergic neurons. Preclinically, serotonin 4 receptor (5-HT4) agonists are reported to modulate cholinergic function and therefore may provide a new mechanistic approach for treating cognitive deficits associated with AD. Herein we communicate the design and synthesis of potent, selective, and brain penetrant 5-HT4 agonists. The overall goal of the medicinal chemistry strategy was identification of structurally diverse clinical candidates with varying intrinsic activities. The exposure–response relationships between binding affinity, intrinsic activity, receptor occupancy, drug exposure, and pharmacodynamic activity in relevant preclinical models of AD were utilized as key selection criteria for advancing compounds. On the basis of their excellent balance of pharmacokinetic attributes and safety, two lead 5-HT4 partial agonist candidates 2d and 3 were chosen for clinical development.

PATENT

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2011101774A1?cl=en

(R)-4-((4-((4-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ol , hereinafter referred to as “Compound X,” and having the following structure:


Compound X

Example 1 : Synthesis of iR)-4-ii4-i(4-itetrahvdrofuran-3-yloxy)benzord1isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidin-1 -yl)methyl)tetrahvdro- 2 -pyran-4-ol

Methyl 2-fluoro-6-hydroxybenzoate (2): To a 20L jacketed reactor were charged 2-fluoro-6-hydroxybenzoic acid (Oakwood Products; 0.972 kg, 6.31 mol), methanol (7.60 L) and sulfuric acid (0.710 kg, 7.24 mol, 1 .15 eq). The jacket temperature was heated to 60°C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 45 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum and approximately 7.5 L of methanol distillates were collected. The resulting thin oil was cooled to 20°C. Water (7.60 L) and ethyl acetate (7.60 L) were charged to the reactor, and the product extracted into the organic layer. The EtOAc solution was washed with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (1.52 Kg) in water (6.92 L) followed by a brine solution of sodium chloride (1.74 kg) in water (4.08 L). The resulting EtOAc solution was concentrated to dryness. A light orange oil was isolated; the oil slowly crystallized upon standing to give the title compound (2) (0.952 Kg, 5.60 mol, 89% yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 3.97 (s, 3H), 6.59 (ddd, J=10.9, 8.2,1 .2, 1 H), 6.76 (dt, J=8.2, 1 .1 , 1 H), 7.35 (td, J=8.6, 6.3, 1 H), 1 1.24 (s, 1 H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 52.65, 102.56 (d, J=13), 106.90 (d, J=23), 1 13.31 (d, J=3.1 ), 135.34 (d, J=1 1 .5), 161 .02, 163.31 (d, J=62.2), 169.87 (d, 3.8); MS 171.045 (m+1 ). 2-Fluoro-N,6-dihydroxybenzamide (3): To a 50L reactor was charged water (4.47 L) and hydroxylamine sulfate (6.430 kg, 39.17 mol), the mixture was stirred at 25°C. A solution of potassium carbonate (3.87 Kg, 27.98 mol) in water (5.05 L) was slowly added to the reaction mixture to form a thick white mixture that was stirred at 20°C. A solution of methyl 2-fluoro-6-hydroxybenzoate (2) (0.952 Kg, 5.60 mol) in methanol (9.52 L) was slowly added to the reactor resulting in mild off gassing. The reaction mixture was then heated to 35°C and stirred for 20 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 15°C and stirred for 1 h. The mixture was filtered to remove inorganic material. The reactor was rinsed with methanol (2.86 L) and the tank rinse was used to wash the inorganic cake.

Analysis of the cake indicated that it contained product. To a 20L reactor was charged methanol (10 L) and the inorganic cake and the mixture was stirred at 25°C for 30 min. The mixture was filtered and the cake washed with methanol (3 L).

The combined filtrates were charged back into the reactor and concentrated under vacuum with the jacket temperature set at 40°C until approximately 10 L remained. The mixture was held at 25°C and cone. HCI (5.51 L) was added. The reactor was cooled to 15°C and stirred for 2 h. The white slurry was filtered and the resulting product cake was washed with water (4.76L), blown dry with nitrogen and then dried in a vacuum oven at 40°C for 12 h. The desired product (3) (747 g, 4.36 mol), was isolated in 78% yield. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ ppm 4.91 (s, 3H), 6.63 (ddd, J=10.9, 8.5, 0.8, 1 H), 6.72 (dt, J=8.2, 0.8, 1 H), 7.31 (td, J=8.2, 6.6, 1 H); MS 172.040 (m+1 ).

4-Fluorobenzo[d]isoxazol-3-ol (4): To a 20L jacketed reactor were charged tetrahydrofuran (2.23 L) and 1 ,1 ‘-carbonyldiimidazole (0.910 Kg, 5.64 mol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 20°C. Then a solution of 2-fluoro-N,6-dihydroxybenzamide (3) (744 g, 4.34 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (4.45 L) was slowly charged to the reactor maintaining the temperature below 30°C and stirred at 25°C for 30 min during which some off gassing was observed. The reaction mixture was heated to 60°C over 30 min and stirred for 6 h. The reactor was cooled to 20°C followed by the addition of 1 N aqueous hydrogen chloride (7.48L) over 15 min to adjust the pH to 1. The jacket temperature was set to 35°C and the reaction mixture concentrated under vacuum to remove approximately 6.68L of THF. The reactor was cooled to 15°C and stirred for 1 h. The resulting white slurry was filtered, the cake was washed with water (3.71 L) and dried in a vacuum oven at 40°C for 12 h. The desired product, (4) (597 g, 3.90 mol), was isolated in 90% yield. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ ppm 4.93 (b, 1 H), 6.95 (dd, J=10.1 , 8.6, 1 H), (d, J=8.6, 1 H), 7.52-7.57 (m, 1 H); LRMS 154.029 (m+1 ).

Tert-butyl 4-(tosyloxymethyl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (5): To a 20L jacketed reactor were charged dichloromethane (8 L), N-boc-4-piperdine methanol (0.982 Kg, 4.56 mol) and p-toluenesulfonyl chloride (0.970 Kg, 5.09 mol) and the resulting mixture was stirred at 20°C for 5 min. Triethylamine (0.94 Kg, 9.29 mol) was added to the reactor via an addition funnel and the resulting deep red solution was stirred at 25°C for 16 h. A solution of sodium carbonate (0.96 Kg, 9.06 mol) in water (7.04 L) was charged to the reaction mixture and stirred for 1 h at 20°C. The phases were split and the organic layer washed with brine (6 L) and concentrated at 40°C to a low stir volume. Dimethylacetamide (2 L) was charged to the reactor and concentration continued under full vacuum at 40°C for 1 h. The solution of tert-butyl 4-(tosyloxymethyl)piperidine-l -carboxylate (5) in dimethyl acetamide was held for further processing. Yield was assumed to be 100% with approximately

90% potency. A sample was pulled and concentrated to dryness for purity analysis. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1 .02-1 .12 (m, 2H), 1.14 (s, 9H), 1 .59-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.87 (m, 1 H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.55-2.75 (m, 2H), 3.83 (d, J=6.7, 2H), 3.95-4.20 (b, 2H), 7.33 (d, 8.6, 2H), 7.76 (d, 8.2, 2H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 21 .64, 28.15, 28.39, 35.74, 73.97, 79.50, 126.99, 127.84, 129.86, 132.84, 144.84, 154.63; LRMS 739.329 (2m+1 ).

Tert-butyl 4-((4-fluorobenzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (6): To a 20L jacketed reactor were charged dimethylacetamide (4.28 L), tert-butyl 4-(tosyloxymethyl)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (5) (1.68 Kg, 4.56 mol), 4-fluorobenzo[d]isoxazol-3-ol (4) (540 g, 3.51 mol), and potassium carbonate (960 g, 6.98 mol) resulting in a thick beige slurry. The reaction mixture was heated to 50°C and stirred for 20 h and then cooled to 20°C, followed by the addition of water (7.5 L) and ethyl acetate (5.37 L). After mixing for 15 min, the phases were settled and split. The organic layer was washed with water (5.37 L), sending the aqueous wash to waste. The organic mixture was distilled under vacuum with a maximum jacket temperature of 40°C until approximately 5 L remained in the reactor. Methanol (2.68 L) was added and the resulting solution concentrated under vacuum to about 3 L of a yellow oil. Methanol (2.68 L) was charged to the reactor and the resulting solution was stirred at 25°C for 15 min. Water (0.54 L) was added over 15 min resulting in a white slurry. The mixture was cooled to 15°C, stirred for 1 h and then filtered. The filter cake was washed with a solution of water (0.54 L) in methanol (2.14 L), then air dried for 30 min, transferred to a vacuum oven and dried at 40°C for 12 h. The desired product, (6) (746 g, 2.13 mol), was isolated in 61 % yield. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1.23-1 .37 (m, 2H), 1 .45 (s, 9H), 1 .78-1 .88 (m, 2H), 2.04-2.17 (m, 1 H), 2.67-2.83 (m, 2H), 4.02-4.26 (m, 2H), 4.28 (d, 6.6, 2H), 6.89 (dd, J=8.6, 7.5, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J=9, 1 H), (td, 8.6, 4.9); LRMS 351.171 (m+1 ).

(R)-Tert-butyl 4-((4-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (8): To a 20 L glass reactor with the jacket set to 20°C were charged (R)-tetrahydrofuran-3-ol (7) (297 g, 3.37 mol) and dimethylacetamide (5.1 L). 2.0 M sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in THF (1.37 L, 2.74 mol) was slowly added via an addition funnel while maintaining a pot temperature less than 30°C. The resulting orange/red solution was stirred at 25°C for 30 min. Then, tert-butyl 4-((4-fluorobenzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (6) (640.15 g, 1.83 mol) was charged and the reaction mixture was stirred at 25°C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 20°C and water (6.4 L) was slowly added over 45 min maintaining a pot temperature of less than 35°C. Ethyl acetate (6 L) was added and the biphasic mixture was stirred for 15 min and then separated. The aqueous layer was back extracted with additional ethyl acetate (4 L). The combined organics were then washed with water (5 L) and a 20% brine solution (5 L). The organic mixture was concentrated under vacuum with the jacket temperature set to 40°C to approximately 3 L and held for further processing. Quantitative yield of the desired product, (8) (0.76 Kg, 1 .82 mol), in ethyl acetate was assumed. A sample was pulled and concentrated to dryness for purity analysis. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1 .25-1.38 (m, 2H), 1 .44 (s, 9H), 1.76-1 .84 (m, 2H), 1 .89-1.97 (b, 1 H), 1 .99-2.12 (m, 1 H), 2.14-2.28 (m, 2H), 2.63-2.84 (m, 2H), 3.90-4.21 (m, 6H), 4.24 (d, J=6.3, 2H), 5.00-5.05 (m, 1 H), 6.48 (d, J=8.2, 1 H), 6.98 (d, J=8.6, 1 H), 7.37 (t, J=8.2, 1 H); LRMS 419.216 (m+1 ).

(R)-3-(Piperidin-4-ylmethoxy)-4-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazole 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (9): To a 20L jacketed reactor charged ethyl acetate (6.1 L), (R)-tert-butyl 4-((4-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (8) (0.76 kg, 1 .82 mol) and p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate (0.413 kg, 2.17 mol) and stirred at 20°C for 30 min. The reactor jacket was heated from 20 to 65°C over

1 h and then held at 65°C for 16 h. The reactor was cooled to 15°C over 1 h and granulated for 2 h. The resulting slurry was filtered, the cake was washed with EtOAc (3 L) and then air dried on the filter for 30 min. The cake was transferred to a vacuum oven and dried at 40°C for 12 h. The desired product, (9) (854 g, 1.74 mol), was isolated in 96% yield (two steps). 1 H NMR (400

MHz, CD3OD) δ ppm 1.54-1 .67 (m, 2H), 2.04-2.18 (m, 3H), 2.19-2.36 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 3.01 -3.12 (m, 2H), 3.41-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.86-4.01 (m, 4H), 4.26 (d, J=6.3, 2H), 4.90 (s, 2H), 5.14-5.19 (m, 1 H), 6.72 (d, J=8.2, 1 H), 7.02 (d, J=8.6, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J=7.8, 2H), 7.48 (t, J=8.6, 1 H), 7.70 (d, J=8.2, 2H); LRMS 319.165 (m+1 ).

(R)-4-((4-((4-(Tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ol (11): To a

20L jacketed reactor were charged water (7.5 L) and sodium carbonate (0.98 kg); the mixture was stirred at 20°C until all solids had dissolved. Then (R)-3-(piperidin-4-ylmethoxy)-4-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxy)benzo[d]isoxazole 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (9) (750 g, 1 .53 mol) and ethyl acetate (6.0 L) were added to the reactor and stirred at 20°C for 30 min. The phases were split and the lower aqueous layer was back extracted twice with ethyl acetate (6.0 L and then 3.75 L). The organic layers were combined in the 20L reactor and washed twice with brine (3.0 L). The ethyl acetate solution was concentrated to under vacuum at 45°C to a low stir volume. Isopropyl alcohol (3.75 L) was added and concentration continued until 2 L remained in the reactor.

Additional isopropyl alcohol (2.75 L) was added and the mixture cooled to 25°C. To the reactor was charged 1 ,6-dioxaspiro[2.5]octane (10) (260 g, 2.29 mol) and the resulting solution heated to 50°C and stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 30°C and water (15 L) was added over 60 min. Product crystallized from solution and the resulting slurry was cooled to 15°C over 1 h and then granulated for 4 h. The product was filtered and washed with water (3.75 L). The cake was blown dry with nitrogen for 30 min and then transferred to a vacuum oven and dried at 40°C for 12 h. The desired product, (11 ) (588 g, 1 .36 mol), was isolated in 89% yield.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1 .41-1 .63 (m, 6H), 1.71 -1.81 (m, 2H), 1.81 -1.94 (m, 1 H), 2.17-2.26 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 2H), 2.4 (td, J=1 1.7, 2.3, 2H), 2.92 (d, J=1 1 .8, 2H), 3.46 (s, 1 H), 3.71-3.84 (m, 4H), 3.91 -4.10 (m, 4H), 4.24 (d, J=5.9, 2H), 5.03-5.08 (m, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J=8.2, 1 H), 7.00 (d, J=8.2, 1 H), 7.38 (t, J=8.2, 1 H);

13C NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 29.1 1 , 33.10, 35.20, 36.92, 36.96, 56.15, 63.93, 67.14, 67.46, 68.27, 72.94, 74.06, 78.37, 103.17, 105.15, 131.71 , 152.71 , 166.02, 166.28;

LRMS 433.232 (m+1 ).

Example 2: Synthesis of iR)-4-ii4-i(4-itetrahvdrofuran-3-yloxy)benzord1isoxazol-3-yloxy)methyl)piperidin-1 -yl)methyl)tetrahvdro- 2H-pyran-4-ol

5-Hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzo[1,3]dioxin-4-one: Thionyl chloride (83.8 g, 0.71 mol) was slowly added to a solution of 2,6-dihydroxy-benzoic acid (77 g, 0.5 mol), acetone (37.7 g, 0.65 mol) and DMAP (3.1 g, 0.025 mol) in dimethoxyethane (375 mL). The mixture was stirred at RT for 7 h. The residue obtained after concentration under reduced pressure was dissolved in ethyl

acetate and washed with water and aqueous saturated sodium bicarbonate solution. The organic layer was dried (Na2S04) and concentrated to afford 79 g desired product as a red solid (81 % yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1 .68 (s, 6H), 6.37 (dd, J=8, 0.8, 11-1) 6.56 (dd, J=8, 0.8, 1 H), 7.34 (t, J=8, 1 H), 10.27( brs, 1 H).

2,2-Dimethyl-5-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[1,3]dioxin-4-one:

Diethyl azodicarboxylate (130.5 g, 0.75 mol) was added in a dropwise fashion to a mixture of 5-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzo[1 ,3]dioxin-4-one (100 g, 0.51 mol), triphenylphosphine (196.5 g, 0.75 mol), and (S)-tetrahydro-furan-3-ol (44 g, 0.5 mol) in 600 ml. of anhydrous THF. The resulting mixture was stirred at RT for 18 h. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the crude material was purified on a silica gel flash column, eluting with petroleum ether/ ethyl acetate (15:1 -> 3:1 ). 86 g (65% yield) of product was isolated as a colorless oil. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1.67 (s, 6H), 2.30 (m, 2H), 4.2 (m, 4H) 4.97 (m, 1 H), 6.49 (d, J=8.4, 1 H) 6.51 (d, J=8.4, 1 H), 7.39 (t,

J=8.4, 1 H).

2-Hydroxy-6-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzoic acid methyl ester: Potassium carbonate (134.8 g, 0.98 mol) was added to a solution of 2,2-dimethyl-5-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[1 ,3]dioxin-4-one (86 g, 0.33 mol) in 1 L methanol. The mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h, then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous ammonium chloride solution. The organic layer was dried (Na2S04) and concentrated to afford 72 g of the product as a yellow solid (92% yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 2.20 (m, 2H), 3.99 (s, 3H), 4.80(m, 4H). 4.94 (m, 1 H), 6.31 (dd, J=8.4, 0.8, 1 H), 6.59 (dd, J=8.4, 0.8, 1 H), 7.30 (t, J=8.4, 1 H).

2,N-Dihydroxy-6-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzamide: Potassium carbonate (121 g. 0.867mmol) was added portionwise to a solution of hydroxylamine sulfate (120 g, 0.732 mol) in 360 ml. of water at 0°C. After stirring for 30 min, sodium sulfite (3.74 g, 0.029 mol) and a solution of 2-hydroxy-6-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzoic acid methyl ester (35 g, 0.146 mol) in 360 ml. of methanol were added and the mixture was stirred at 50°C for 30 h. Methanol was removed from the cooled reaction mixture under reduced pressure and the resulting aqueous layer was acidified with 2N HCI. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layer was dried (Na2S04) and concentrated to afford 25 g (76% yield ) of the product as a yellow solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 2.00 (m, 1 H), 2.15 (m, 1 H), 3.80 (m, 4H), 5.05 (m, 1 H), 6.48 (d, J=8, 1 H), 6.49 (d, J=8, 1 H), 7.19 (t, J=8, 1 H), 10.41 (brs, 1 H), 1 1.49 (brs, 1 H); LRMS m/z 239 (m+1 ).

4-[(R)-(Tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-ol: A solution of 2, N-dihydroxy-6-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzamide (25 g, 0.105 mol) in 250 ml. of THF was heated to 50°C. Carbonyl diimidazole was added portionwise and the resulting mixture was stirred at 50°C for 14 h. After cooling to RT, 100 ml. of 2N HCI was added and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were then extracted three times with 10% aqueous potassium carbonate. The potassium carbonate aqueous extracts were washed with ethyl acetate and then acidified to pH 2 – 3 with 2N HCI. The acidified aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate extracts were washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated to afford 20 g of product as a yellow solid (43% yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 2.20 (m, 2H), 3.89 (m, 1 H), 4.01 (m, 3H), 5.05 (m, 1 H), 6.48 (d, J=7.6, 1 H). 6.92 (d, J=7.6, 1 H), 7.37 (t, J=7.6, 1 H); LRMS m/z 222 (m+1 ).

4-{4-[(R)-(Tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxymethyl}-piperidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester: Diethyl azodicarboxylate (15.6 g, 0.09 mol) was added to a mixture of 4-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-ol (10 g, 0.045 mol), 4-hydroxymethyl-piperidine-1 -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (1 1.6 g, 0.054 mol) and triphenylphosphine (23.5 g, 0.09 mol) in 300 mL THF. After the addition was complete the mixture was heated at reflux for 18 h. After concentration in vacuo, the crude product was purified on a silica gel flash column, eluting with petroleum ether/ ethyl acetate (15:1 -» 5:1 ) to afford 22 g of the product as an oil (51 % yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1.25 (m, 2H), 1.39 (s, 9H), 1.76 (m, 2H), 1.99 (m, 1 H). 2.15 (m, 2H), 2.70 (bt, J=1 1.6, 2H), 3.95 (m, 4H). 4.13 (m, 2H). 4.34 (d J=6.4, 2H), 4.98 (m, 1 H), 6.43 (d, J=8, 1 H), 6.93 (d, J=8, 1 H), 7.31 (t, J=8, 1 H).

3-(Piperidin-4-ylmethoxy)-4-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazole: A 0°C solution of 4-{4-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxymethyl}-piperidine-1 -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 500 mL ether was treated with a saturated solution of HCI (g) in 200 mL ether. After addition was complete, the mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered. The white solid was washed with ethyl acetate followed by ether and dried to yield 15 g (81 % yield) of the desired product as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) 5 ppm 1 .51 – 1.69 (m, 2 H) 2.04 – 2.19 (m, 3 H) 2.22 – 2.37 (m, 2 H) 2.99 – 3.14 (m, 2 H) 3.40 – 3.51 (m, 2 H) 3.85 – 4.02 (m, 4 H) 4.25 – 4.31 (m, 2 H) 5.17 (td, J= >1^ , 1 .56 Hz, 1 H) 6.72 (d, J=8.00 Hz, 1 H) 7.01 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1 H) 7.47 (t, J=8.20 Hz, 1 H); LRMS m/z 319 (m+1 ).

4-(4-{4-[(R)-(Tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yloxymethyl}-piperidin-1-ylmethyl)-tetrahydro-pyran-4-ol: 1 ,6-Dioxa-spiro[2.5]octane (Focus Synthesis; 9.7 g, 0.084 mol) and triethylamine (8.6 g, 0.084 mol) were added to a solution of 3-(piperidin-4-ylmethoxy)-4-[(R)-(tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)oxy]-benzo[d]isoxazole (15 g, 0.042 mol) in 200 mL methanol. The resulting solution was heated at reflux for 18 h. The cooled mixture was concentrated and ethyl acetate and water were added to the residue. The layers were separated and the organic extracts were washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated to provide 17 g crude product as a yellow oil. The crude material was purified by prep HPLC to afford 10 g of the desired product as a white solid. (50% yield).

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 1.41 -1.63 (m, 6H), 1.71-1.81 (m, 2H), 1 .81 -1 .94 (m, 1 H), 2.17-2.26 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 2H), 2.4 (td, J=1 1 .7, 2.3, 2H), 2.92 (d, J=1 1.8, 2H), 3.46 (s, 1 H), 3.71-3.84 (m, 4H), 3.91-4.10 (m, 4H), 4.24 (d, J=5.9, 2H), 5.03-5.08 (m, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J=8.2, 1 H), 7.00 (d, J=8.2, 1 H), 7.38 (t, J=8.2, 1 H);

13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCI3) δ ppm 29.1 1 , 33.10, 35.20, 36.92, 36.96, 56.15, 63.93, 67.14, 67.46, 68.27, 72.94, 74.06, 78.37, 103.17, 105.15, 131.71 , 152.71 , 166.02, 166.28.

PAPER

Two Routes to 4-Fluorobenzisoxazol-3-one in the Synthesis of a 5-HT4Partial Agonist

Groton Laboratories, Worldwide Research & Development, Pfizer Inc., Eastern Point Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340,United States
Porton Fine Chemical, 1 Fine Chemical Zone, Chongqing Chemical Industrial Park, Changshou, Chongqing 401221China
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00389
Publication Date (Web): February 2, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00389

 

Abstract Image

A potent 5-HT4 partial agonist, 1 (PF-04995274), targeted for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive impairment, has been prepared on a multi-kilogram scale. The initial synthetic route, that proceeded through a 4-substituted 3-hydroxybenzisoxazole core, gave an undesired benzoxazolinone through a Lossen-type rearrangement. Route scouting led to two new robust routes to the desired 4-substituted core. Process development led to the efficient assembly of the API on a pilot plant scale under process-friendly conditions with enhanced throughput. In addition, crystallization of a hemicitrate salt of the API with pharmaceutically beneficial properties was developed to enable progression of clinical studies.

REFERNCES

Noguchi, H.; Waizumi, N. Preparation of benzisoxazole derivatives for treatment of 5-HT4 mediated disorders. PCT Int. Appl. WO/2011/101774 A1, 20110825

////////PF-04995274, PF 04995274, PFIZER, Alzheimer’s type dementia, PHASE 1

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