New Drug Approvals

Home » Posts tagged 'pipeline'

Tag Archives: pipeline

Advertisements
DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO .....FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE

Blog Stats

  • 2,445,918 hits

Flag and hits

Flag Counter

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,325 other followers

Follow New Drug Approvals on WordPress.com

Categories

Flag Counter

ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,325 other followers

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

Personal Links

Verified Services

View Full Profile →

Categories

Flag Counter
Advertisements

GKM 001 in pipeline for Diabetes by Advinus


ad 1

AD2 AD3

  Figure imgf000088_0002

Figure imgf000089_0001

 

Figure imgf000049_0001
HIGH PROBABLITY COMPD.…..4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]- thiazol-5-yloxy}-benzoic acid, cas 1359151-08-8, 542.62, C26 H26 N2 O7 S2

GKM 001……Several probables

Watch out on this post as I get to correct structure………..GlitterGlitterGlitterGlitter

Advinus Therapeutics Private L,

A glucokinase activator for treatment of type II diabetes

In October 2012, Takeda and Advinus have entered into an agreement to initiate a three-year discovery collaboration program focused on novel targets for inflammation, CNS, and metabolic diseases.

Company Advinus Therapeutics Ltd.
Description Activator of glucokinase (GCK; GK)
Molecular Target Glucokinase (GCK) (GK)
Mechanism of Action Glucokinase activator
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Phase I/II
Standard Indication Diabetes
Indication Details Treat Type II diabetes

Advinus chief executive officer/MD Dr. Rashmi Barbhaiya.

PATENT

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2009047798A2?cl=en

Example Cl : (-)-{5-ChIoro-2-[2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyI)-2-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetylamino]thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid, ethyl ester

 

AD2

 

Step I: Preparation of (-)-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Cl-I):

To a solution of (4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (obtained in example Al -step III) in ethyl acetate was added (S)-(-)-l-phenylethylamine drop wise at -15 °C. After completion of addition the reaction was stirred for 4-6 hours. Solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The solid was then taken in IN HCl and extracted with ethyl acetate, ethyl acetate layer was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Solvent was removed under reduced pressure to obtain (-)-(4- cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid. Enantiomeric enrichment was done by repeating the diasteriomeric crystallization. [α]23 589 = – 107.1 ° (c = 2%Chloroform) Enantiomeric purity > 99. % (chiral HPLC)

Step II: (-)-{5-Chloro-2-[2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetyIamino]thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid ethyl ester : To a solution of (-)-4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Cl-I) in DCM, was added DMF and cooled to 0 °C, followed by the addition of oxalyl chloride under stirring. Stirring was continued for 1 hour at the same temperature. The resulting mixture was further cooled to -35 °C, and to that, a solution of excess (2- amino-5-chlorothiazol-4-yl)acetic acid ethyl ester in DCM was added drop wise. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was poured into IN aqueous HCl under stirring, organic layer was washed with IN HCl, followed by 5% brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, solvent was removed under reduced pressure to get the crude compound which was purified by preparative TLC to get the title compound. [α]23 589 = – ve (c = 2%Chloroform)

1H NMR(400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.06-1.08 (m, 2H), 1.30 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.33-1.38 (m, 2H), 2.42-2.50 (m, IH), 3.73 (d, J=2 Hz, 2H), 4.22 (q, J=7.2 Hz ,2H), 5.75 (s, IH), 6.76- 6.77 (m, IH), 6.83-6.86 (m, IH), 6.90-6.98 (m, IH), 7.73 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 9.96 (bs, IH). MS (EI) m/z: 571.1 and 573.1 (M+ 1; for 35Cl and 37Cl respectively).

Examples C2 and C3 were prepared in analogues manner of example (Cl) from the appropriate chiral intermediate:

Example Dl : (+)-{5-Chloro-2-[2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetylamino]thiazol-4-yl}acetic acid, ethyl ester

 

AD3

 

Preparation of (+)-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Dl-I):

To a solution of (4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (obtained in example Al -step III) in ethyl acetate, was added (R) (+)-l- phenylethylamine drop wise at -15 °C. After completion of addition the reaction was stirred for 4-6 hours. Solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The solid was then taken in IN HCl and extracted with ethyl acetate, ethyl acetate layer was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Solvent was removed under reduced pressure to obtain (+)-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid. Enantiomeric enrichment was done by repeating the diasteriomeric crystallization. [α]23 589 = +93.07° (c = 2%Chloroform) Enantiomeric purity > 99. % (by chiral HPLC)

(+)-(4-CyclopropanesuIfonylphenyI)-(2,4-difluorophenoxy)acetic acid ethyl ester (Dl)

The example Dl was prepared using (+)-4-cyclopropanesulfonylphenyl)-(2,4- difluorophenoxy)acetic acid (Dl-I), and following the same reaction condition for amide coupling as described in example Cl, [ot]23 589 = + ve (c = 2%Chloroform)

 

 

PATENT

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2008104994A2?cl=en

Synthesis Type-P

Example Pl : {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- propionylamino]-thiazol-4-yI}-acetic acid

To a solution of {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-propionylamino]-thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid methyl ester (0.03 g, 0.05 mmol) in THF: Ethanol: water ( ImI + 0.3ml + 0.3 ml) was added lithium hydroxide (0.0046 g, 0.11 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred for 5 hours at room temperature followed by removal of solvent under reduced pressure. The residue was suspended in water (15 ml), extracted with ethyl acetate to remove impurities. The aqueous layer was acidified with IN HCl (0.5 ml) and extracted with ethyl acetate (2×10 ml), This ethyl acetate layer was washed with water (15 ml), brine (20 ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give solid product {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-propionylamino]-thiazol-4-yl} -acetic acid (9 mg). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.85 (s, 3H) , 3.07 (s, 3H) , 3.72 ( s, 2H), 6.64-6.69 ( m, 2H ) , 6.89-6.91 (m, IH ), 7.84 ( d, J – 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.00 ( d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H). MS (EI) mlz: 530.70 (M + 1), mp: 109-111 0C.

Preparation of {5-Chloro-2-[2-(2,4-difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- propionylamino)-thiazol-4-yl}-acetic acid methyl ester used in Example Pl:

To a mixture of 2-(2, 4-Difluoro-phenoxy)-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-propionic acid (0.110 g, 0.22 mmol), (2-Amino-5-chloro-thiazol-4-yl)-acetic acid methyl ester (0.071 g, 0.32 mmol), HOBt (0.052g, 0.38 mmol), and EDCI (0.074 g, 0.38 mmol) in methylene dichloride (10 ml) was added N-methylmorpholine (0.039 g, 0.38 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for overnight followed by dilution with 10 ml methylene dichloride. The reaction mixture was poured onto water (20 ml), and organic layer separated, washed with water (2x 20 ml), brine (20 ml), dried over sodium sulfate and solvent evaporated to get residue which was purified by preparative TLC using 50% ethyl acetate in hexane as mobile. To give desired compound (0.30 g). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.45 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.93 (s, 3H), 3.14 (s, 3H), 3.77 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, IH), 4.26 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, IH), 6.69-6.77(m, 2H), 6.96-7.02 (m, IH), 7.89 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.07 (d, J= 8.4Hz, IH).; MS (EI) m/z: 559 .00 (M + 1).

 

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012020357A1?cl=en

 

 

 

 

Figure imgf000035_0001
Ethyl ester 1359153-10-8
acid cas 1359153-12-0

Step I: (4-Cyclopropylsulfanyl-phenyl)-oxo-acetic acid ethyl ester:

A1C13 (7.98 g, 48.42 mmole) was suspended in DCM (50 mL) and cooled to 0 C under argon atmosphere. To this suspension was added chlorooxo ethylacetate (4.5 mL, 39.98 mmol) at 0 °C and stirred for 45 min. followed by addition of a solution of cyclopropylsulfanyl-benzene (5 g, 33.28 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) and stirred at 25 °C for 2 hr. Reaction mixture was slowly poured over crushed ice, organic layer was separated and aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (3 X 50 mL), combined organic layer was washed with brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain (4- cyclopropylsulfanyl-phenyl)-oxo-acetic acid ethyl ester (3.1 g) as an oily product.

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 0.72-0.73 (m, 2H), 1.15-1.17 (m, 2H), 1.40 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 2.18-2.21 (m, 1H), 4.41 (q, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.43 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.90 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 250.9 (M+l).

Step II: (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) oxo acetic acid ethyl ester:

(4-Cyclopropylsulfanyl-phenyl)-oxo-acetic acid ethyl ester (3.1 g, 12.53 mmole) in DCM (50 mL) was cooled to 0-5 °C followed by addition of mCPBA (9.8 g , 31.33 mmol) in portion wise at 0 °C. After stirring at 25 °C for 4 hr, the reaction mixture was filtered; filtrate was washed with saturated aq. Na2S203 and satd. aq. sodium bicarbonate solution followed by brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) oxo acetic acid ethyl ester (3 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.05-1.10 (m, 2H), 1.36-1.39 (m, 2H), 1.40 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 2.45-2.50 (m, 1H), 4.42 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 8.01 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.20 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 297.1 (M+NH4).

Step III: p-Toluene sulfonyl hydrazone (4-cyclopropyl sulfonyl) phenyl acetic acid ethyl ester:

A mixture of (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) oxo acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g, 1.77 mmole) and p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazide (0.48 g , 2.3 mmol) in toluene (15 mL) was refluxed for 16 hr using a Dean-Stark apparatus. Reaction mixture was concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by column chromatography over silica gel using 20-25% ethyl acetate in hexane as eluent to provide p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazone (4-cyclopropyl sulfonyl) phenyl acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g).

MS (EI) m/z 451.0 (M+l).

Step IV: (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) diazo acetic acid ethyl ester:

To a solution of p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazone (4-cyclopropyl sulfonyl) phenyl acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g, 1.23 mmol) in dry DCM (6 mL), was added triethylamine (0.17 mL, 1.35 mmol) and stirred at 25 °C for 1 hr. Reaction mixture was concentrated to provide (4- cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) diazo acetic acid ethyl ester (0.5 g) which was used in next reaction without any purification.

MS (EI) m/z: 295.1 (M+l).

Step V: Cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid ethyl ester:

(4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl) diazo acetic acid ethyl ester (1 g, 3.37 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (16 mL) under argon atmosphere. To this solution, cyclopentanol (0.77 mL, 8.44 mmol) was added followed by rhodium(II)acetate dimer (0.062 g, 0.14 mmol). Mixture was stirred at 25 C for 12 hr. Reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (25 mL), organic layer was washed with water followed by brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude product which was purified by column chromatography using 25-35% ethyl acetate in hexane as eluent to provide cyclopentyloxy-(4- cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid ethyl ester (0.35 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.02-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.24 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.35-1.37 (m, 2H), 1.53-1.82 (m, 8H), 2.42-2.50 (m, 1H), 4.02-4.04 (m, 1H), 4.15-4.22 (m, 2H), 5.00 (s, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.88 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 370.0 (M+18).

Step VI: Cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid:

To cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid ethyl ester (0.35 g, 0.99 mmol) was added a solution of lithium hydroxide (0.208 g, 4.97 mmol) in water (4 mL) followed by THF (2 mL) and methanol (1 drop) and stirred for 12 hours at 25 0 C. Organic solvents were evaporated from the reaction mixture and aqueous layer was acidified IN HCl, extracted with ethyl acetate (3 X 10 mL), organic layer was washed with brine solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide cyclopentyloxy-(4- cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid (0.210 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.02-1.07 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.38 (m, 2H), 1.55-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69- 1.82 (m, 6H), 2.43-2.47 (m, 1H), 4.08-4.10 (m, 1H), 5.02 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.91 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H); MS (EI) m/z: 342.0 (M+18)

Example Al: 4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]-

Figure imgf000045_0001

To a mixture of cyclopentyloxy-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetic acid (Preparation 1) (0.1 g, 0.30 mmol), 4-(2-Amino-thiazol-5-yloxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester (0.085 g, 0.33 mmol), HOBt (0.045 g, 0.33 mmol), and EDCI (0.063 g, 0.33 mmol) in DCM (5 mL), was added N-methyl morpholine (0.033 g, 0.30 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight followed by dilution with methylene chloride (20 mL). The reaction mixture was poured into water; organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and the organic solvent evaporated to get a residue which was purified by preparative TLC to provide the title compound (0.145 g).

*H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 1.03-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.38 (m, 2H), 1.58- 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.81 (m, 6H), 2.42-2.45 (m, 1H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 4.05-4.15 (m, 1H), 5.08 (s, 1H), 7.07 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.15 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.92 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 9.72 (s, 1H); MS (EI) m/z: 556.9 (M + 1).

Example Bl: 4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]- thiazol-5-yloxy}-benzoic acid:

Figure imgf000049_0001

4-{2-[2-Cyclopentyloxy-2-(4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-phenyl)-acetylamino]-thiazol-5-yloxy}- benzoic acid methyl ester (0.145 g, 0.26 mmol, obtained in example Al) was taken in H20: THF (1 :2, 6 mL) to it was added MeOH (1 drop) followed by LiOH (0.054 g, 1.30 mmol) and stirred for 12 hr. After completion of the reaction, organic solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The aqueous layer was washed with diisopropyl ether then acidified with 1 N HC1 to pH 4. The solid formed was filtered, washed with water, diisopropyl ether & dried under vacuum to get the title_compound (0.12 g).

IH NMR- (400 MHz DMSO-ifc):- δ 1.01-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.09-1.13 (m, 2H), 1.22-1.49 (m, 2H), 1.59-1.73 (m, 6H), 2.82-2.86 (m, IH), 3.99-4.01 (m, IH), 5.31 (s, IH), 7.16 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (s, IH), 7.74 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.91 (m, 4H), 12.55 (br. s, IH), 12.90 (br.s, IH); MS (EI) m/z: 542.9 (M+l)

CLIPPINGS

 

Advinus’ GK-activator Achieves Early POC for Diabetes

November 29 2011

Partnership Dialog Actively Underway

Advinus Therapeutics, a research-based pharmaceutical company founded by globally experienced industry executives and promoted by the TATA Group, announced that it has successfully completed a 14-day POC study in 60 Type II diabetic patients on its lead molecule, GKM-001, a glucokinase activator. The results of the trial show effective glucose lowering across all doses tested without any incidence of hypoglycemia or any other clinically relevant adverse events.

The clinical trials on GKM-001 validate the company’s pre-clinical hypothesis that a liver selective Glucokinase activator would not cause hypoglycemia (very low blood sugar), while showing robust efficacy.

“GKM-001 is differentiated from most other GK molecules that are in development, or have been discontinued, due to its novel liver selective mechanism of action. GKM-001 has a prolonged pharmacological effect and a half-life that should support a once a day dosing as both mono and combination therapy.” said Dr. Rashmi Barbhaiya, MD & CEO, Advinus Therapeutics. He added that Advinus is actively exploring partnership options to expedite further development and global marketing of GKM-001.

GKM-001 belongs to a novel class of molecules for treatment of type II diabetes. It is an activator of Glucokinase (GK), a glucose-sensing enzyme found mainly in the liver and pancreas. Being liver selective, GKM-001 mostly activates GK in the liver and not in pancreas, which is its key differentiation from most competitor molecules that activate GK in pancreas as well. The resulting increase in insulin secretion creates a potential for hypoglycemia-a risk GKM-001 is designed to avoid. Advinus has the composition of matter patent on GKM-001 for all major markets globally. Both the Single Ascending Dose data, in healthy and type II diabetics, and the Multiple Ascending Dose Study in Type II diabetics has shown that the molecule shows effective glucose lowering in a dose dependent manner and has excellent safety and tolerability profile over a 40-fold dose range. The pharmacokinetic properties of the molecule support once a day dosing. GKM-001 has the potential to be “First-in-Class” drug to address this large, growing and yet poorly addressed market.

Advinus also has identified a clinical candidate as a back-up to GKM-001, which is structurally different. In its portfolio, the company has a growing pipeline for COPD, sickle cell disease, inflammatory bowel disease, type 2 diabetes, acute and chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis in various stages of late discovery and pre-clinical development.

About the Diabetes Market:

The present 300 million diabetics population is estimated to jump to 450 million by 2030 worldwide. A large proportion of these patients are poorly controlled despite multiple therapies. Total sales of diabetic prescription products were $32 billion in 2010.

Advinus Therapeutics team discovers novel molecule for treatment of diabetes

  • The first glucokinase modulator discovered and developed in India 
  • A new concept for the management of diabetes for patients, globally 
  • 100 per cent ‘made in India’ molecule for the treatment of diabetes 
  • IND approved by DGCI, Phase I clinical trial shows excellent safety and tolerance profiles with efficacy

Bangalore: Advinus Therapeutics (Advinus), the research-based pharmaceutical company founded by leading global pharmaceutical executives and promoted by the Tata group, today, announced the discovery of a novel molecule for the treatment of type II diabetes — GKM-001.The molecule is an activator of glucokinase; an enzyme that regulates glucose balance and insulin secretion in the body.

GKM-001 is a completely indigenously developed molecule and the initial clinical trials have shown excellent results for both safety and efficacy.

“Considering past failures of other companies on this target, our discovery programme primarily focused on identifying a molecule that would be efficacious without causing hypoglycaemia; a side effect associated with most compounds developed for this target.

“Recently completed Phase I data indicate that Advinus’ GKM–001 is a liver selective molecule that has overcome the biggest clinical challenge of hypoglycaemia. GKM-001 is differentiated from most other GK molecules in development due to this novel mechanism of action,” said Dr Rashmi Barbhaiya, MD and CEO, Advinus Therapeutics.

He further added, “We are very proud that GKM-001 is 100 per cent Indian. Advinus’s discovery team in Pune discovered the molecule and entire preclinical development was carried out at our centre in Bangalore. The Investigational New Drug (IND) application was filed with the DGCI for approval to initiate clinical trials in India within 34 months of initiation of the discovery programme. Subsequent to the approval of the IND, we have completed the Phase I Single Ascending Dose study in India within two months.”

GKM-001 is a novel molecule for the treatment of type II diabetes. It is the first glucokinase modulator discovered and developed in India and has potential to be both first or best in class. The success in discovering GKM-001 is attributed to the science-driven efforts in Advinus laboratories and ‘breaking the conventional mold’ for selection of a drug candidate. Advinus has ‘composition of matter’ patent on the molecule for all major markets globally. Glucokinase as a class of target is considered to be novel as currently there is no product in the market or in late clinical trials. The strategy for early clinical development revolved around assessing safety (particularly hypoglycaemia) and early assessment of therapeutic activity (glucose lowering and other biomarkers) in type II diabetics. The Phase I data, in both healthy and type II diabetics, shows excellent safety and tolerability over a 40-fold dose range and desirable pharmacokinetic properties consistent with ‘once a day’ dosing. The next wave of clinical studies planned continues on this strategy of early testing in type II diabetics.

Right behind the lead candidate GKM-001, Advinus has a rich pipeline of back up compounds on the same target. These include several structurally different compounds with diverse potency, unique pharmacology and tissue selectivity. Having discovered the molecule with early indication of wide safety margins, desired efficacy and pharmacokinetic profiles, the company now seeks to out-licence GKM-001 and its discovery portfolio.

Kasim A. Mookhtiar, , Debnath Bhuniya, Siddhartha De, Anita Chugh, Jayasagar
Gundu, Venkata Palle, Dhananjay Umrani, Nimish Vachharajani, Vikram
Ramanathan and Rashmi H. Barbhaiya
Advinus Therapeutics Ltd, Hinjewadi, Pune – 411057, and Peenya Industrial Area,
Bangalore – 560058, India
REFERENCES

Patent

wo 2008104994

wo 2008 149382

wo 2009047798
WO2008104994A2 * 25 Feb 2008 4 Sep 2008 Advinus Therapeutics Private L 2,2,2-tri-substituted acetamide derivatives as glucokinase activators, their process and pharmaceutical application
WO2008104994A2 * Feb 25, 2008 Sep 4, 2008 Advinus Therapeutics Private L 2,2,2-tri-substituted acetamide derivatives as glucokinase activators, their process and pharmaceutical application
WO2009047798A2 * Oct 7, 2008 Apr 16, 2009 Advinus Therapeutics Private L Acetamide derivatives as glucokinase activators, their process and medicinal applications

 

///////GKM 001, pipeline, Diabetes, Advinus, type II diabetes, glucokinase modulator, Rashmi Barbhaiya

Some pics

Annual day party at Advinus !!!with Rashmi Barbhaiya

Dr. Rashmi Barbhaiya, MD & CEO, Advinus Therapeutics Pvt.

 

 

 

.

 with Kaushal Joshi, Vishal Pathade, Ramanareddy Jinugu, Mohammed Kakajiwala, Vishal Baxi and Dilip Reddy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

///////

Advertisements

A significant number of new specialty medications are on track to be approved in 2013, and some will provide increased competition in certain therapy classes.


 

read all at

http://www.specialtypharmacytimes.com/publications/specialty-pharmacy-times/2013/July_August-2013/Near-Term-Specialty-Pipeline-Highlights-July_August_2013

………

Aimee Tharaldson, PharmD, is a senior clinical consultant in the emerging therapeutics department at Express Scripts. She is responsible for monitoring and analyzing the specialty pharmaceutical pipeline. The emerging therapeutics department produces several proprietary reports on the pipeline for use by Express Scripts’ employees and clients. It is also responsible for the safety program that alerts patients, physicians, and clients to important information regarding serious drug safety alerts and market withdrawals. She contributes to Express Scripts’ Drug Trend Report and plays a key role in developing and maintaining Express Scripts’ specialty drug list. She received her doctor of pharmacy degree from the University of Minnesota, College of Pharmacy, and completed a pharmacy practice residency at the Minneapolis VA Medical Center. –

 

See more at: http://www.specialtypharmacytimes.com/publications/specialty-pharmacy-times/2013/July_August-2013/Near-Term-Specialty-Pipeline-Highlights-July_August_2013#sthash.3n823rAw.dpuf

Amgen In Focus


Amgen In Focus
Seeking Alpha
According to Amgen, they have 45 drugs in development from Phase 1 to Phase 3. Conversely, Gilead has 32 drugs in development and Pfizer has 64. Meanwhile, Gilead only has 8 drugs in Phase 3, Pfizer has 25, and Amgen has 14. 7 of those Phase 3 

http://seekingalpha.com/article/1510002-amgen-in-focus?source=google_news

Amgen has the second deepest pipeline of drugs of the three large cap biotechs. According to Amgen, they have 45 drugs in development from Phase 1 to Phase 3. Conversely, Gilead has 32 drugs in development and Pfizer has 64. Meanwhile, Gilead only has 8 drugs in Phase 3, Pfizer has 25, and Amgen has 14. 7 of those Phase 3 drugs are focused on cancer treatments for Amgen, more than either Pfizer or Gilead. Keep in mind that 12.4 million people learn they have cancer each year, while 7.6 million people lose that battle each year. The CDC predicts that the global number of cancer related deaths will increase by 80% by 2030. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to know that cancer treating drugs presents the largest opportunity for any drug maker considering those statistics. Amgen has the inside track versus Gilead and Pfizer as far as quantity of drugs in late stage development.

Pipeline
This information is current as of February 11, 2013. Amgen’s product pipeline will change over time as molecules move through the drug development process, including progressing to market or failing in clinical trials, due to the nature of the development process. This description contains forward-looking statements that involve significant risks and uncertainties, including those discussed in Amgen’s most recent Form 10-K and in Amgen’s periodic reports on Form 10-Q and Form 8-K, and actual results may vary materially. Amgen is providing this information as of the date above and does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this table as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

Phase 1
Cancer Immunotherapy
Various cancer types
AMG 110 is an anti-EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule) x anti-CD3 (BiTE®) bispecific antibody. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Inflammatory diseases
AMG 139 is a human monoclonal antibody. It is being investigated as a treatment for Crohn’s disease. AMG 139 is being jointly developed in collaboration with AstraZeneca.
Antibody
Asthma
AMG 157 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). It is being investigated as a treatment for asthma. AMG 157 is being jointly developed in collaboration with AstraZeneca.
Antibody
Bone-related conditions
AMG 167 is a humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of sclerostin. AMG 167 is being developed in collaboration with UCB for bone-related conditions.
Other
Modality
Various cancer types
AMG 172 is a human anti-CD27L antibody drug conjugate. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Oral/Small Molecule
Various cancer types
AMG 208 is a small molecule inhibitor of MET. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Oral/Small Molecule
Various cancer types
AMG 232 is a small molecule. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Oral/Small Molecule
Hematologic malignancies
AMG 319 is a small molecule inhibitor of PI3 Kinase delta. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Migraine
AMG 334 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the receptor for Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP). It is being investigated for the prevention of migraine.
Oral/Small Molecule
Various cancer types
AMG 337 is a small molecule inhibitor of MET. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Oral/Small Molecule
Autoimmune diseases
AMG 357 is a small molecule. It is being investigated as a treatment for autoimmune diseases.
Antibody
Systemic lupus erythematosus
AMG 557 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of B7 related protein (B7RP-1). It is being investigated as a treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus. AMG 557 is being jointly developed in collaboration with AstraZeneca.
Other
Modality
Glioblastoma
AMG 595 is a human anti-EGFRvIII (epidermal growth factor receptor) antibody drug conjugate. It is being investigated as a treatment for glioblastoma.
Antibody
Autoimmune diseases
AMG 729 is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets CD19 and CD32b to inhibit B cell. It is being investigated as a treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Antibody
Various cancer types
AMG 780 is a human anti-angiopoietin antibody that inhibits the interaction between the endothelial cell-selective Tie2 receptor and its ligands Ang1 and Ang2. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Systemic lupus erythematosus
AMG 811 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits interferon gamma. It is being investigated as a treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus.
Antibody
Various cancer types
AMG 820 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits c-fms and decreases tumor associated macrophage (TAM) function. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Protein/Peptibody
Type 2 diabetes
AMG 876 is a fusion protein. It is being investigated as a treatment for type 2 diabetes.
Oral/Small Molecule
Various cancer types
AMG 900 is a small molecule inhibitor of Aurora kinases A, B, and C. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.

Phase 2
Oral/Small Molecule
Type 2 diabetes
AMG 151 is a small molecule glucokinase activator. It is being investigated as a treatment for type 2 diabetes.
Antibody
Inflammatory bowel disease
AMG 181 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of alpha4/beta7. It is being investigated as a treatment for ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. AMG 181 is being jointly developed in collaboration with AstraZeneca.
Other
Modality
Secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving dialysis
AMG 416 is a peptide agonist of the human cell surface calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). It is being investigated as a treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving dialysis.
Oral/Small Molecule
Schizophrenia
AMG 747 is a small molecule inhibitor of glycine transporter type-1 (GlyT-1). It is being investigated as a treatment for negative symptoms and cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia.
Cancer Immunotherapy
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Blinatumumab is an anti-CD19 x anti-CD3 (BiTE®) bispecific antibody. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Cancer Immunotherapy
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Blinatumumab is an anti-CD19 x anti-CD3 (BiTE®) bispecific antibody. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Inflammatory diseases
Brodalumab is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the interleukin-17 receptor. It is being investigated as a treatment for a variety of inflammatory diseases. Brodalumab is being jointly developed in collaboration with AstraZeneca.
Oral/Small Molecule
Heart failure
Omecamtiv mecarbil is a small molecule activator of cardiac myosin. It is being investigated for the treatment of heart failure. We are developing this product in collaboration with Cytokinetics, Inc.
Antibody
Rheumatoid arthritis
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Protein/Peptibody
Various cancer types
Trebananib is a peptibody that inhibits the interaction between the endothelial cell-selective Tie2 receptor and its ligands Ang1 and Ang2. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Squamous cell head and neck cancer
Vectibix® is a human monoclonal antibody antagonist of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) pathway. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Giant cell tumor of the bone
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Antibody
Hypercalcemia of malignancy
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
 

Phase 3
Antibody
Hyperlipidemia
AMG 145 is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 (PCSK9). It is being investigated as a treatment for hyperlipidemia.
Protein/Peptibody
Myelodysplastic syndromes
Aranesp® is a recombinant human protein agonist of the erythropoietin receptor.
Brodalumab is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the interleukin-17 receptor. It is being investigated as a treatment for a variety of inflammatory diseases. Brodalumab is being jointly developed in collaboration with AstraZeneca.
Antibody
Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Antibody
Male osteoporosis (EU)
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Antibody
Gastric cancer
Rilotumumab is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Postmenopausal osteoporosis
Romosozumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of sclerostin. It is being developed in collaboration with UCB for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
Sensipar®/Mimpara® is an orally-administered small molecule that lowers parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in blood by increasing sensitivity of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) to extracellular calcium. It is being evaluated in post renal transplant patients.
Talimogene laherparepvec is an oncolytic immunotherapy derived from HSV-1. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Protein/Peptibody
Ovarian cancer
Trebananib is a peptibody that inhibits the interaction between the endothelial cell-selective Tie2 receptor and its ligands Ang1 and Ang2. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
First- and second-line colorectal cancer (U.S.)
Vectibix® is a human monoclonal antibody antagonist of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) pathway. It is being investigated as a cancer treatment.
Antibody
Cancer-related bone damage (skeletal-related events) in patients with multiple myeloma
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Antibody
Delay or prevention of bone metastases in breast cancer
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Antibody
Delay or prevention of bone metastases in prostate cancer (EU)
Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that specifically targets a ligand known as RANKL (that binds to a receptor known as RANK) which is a key mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. It is being investigated across a range of conditions including osteoporosis, treatment-induced bone loss, rheumatoid arthritis and numerous tumor types across the spectrum of cancer-related bone diseases, including hypercalcemia of malignancy.
 
Phase 1 clinical trials investigate safety and proper dose ranges of a product candidate in a small number of human subjects.Phase 2 clinical trials investigate side effect profiles and efficacy of a product candidate in a large number of patients who have the disease or condition under study.Phase 3 clinical trials investigate the safety and efficacy of a product candidate in a large number of patients who have the disease or condition under study.
%d bloggers like this: