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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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GLPG 1690


str1

SCHEMBL16051264.png

Picture credit….

GLPG 1690

2-[[2-ethyl-6-[4-[2-(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethyl]piperazin-1-yl]-8-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl]-methylamino]-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,3-thiazole-5-carbonitrile

5- ​Thiazolecarbonitrile​, 2-​[[2-​ethyl-​6-​[4-​[2-​(3-​hydroxy-​1-​azetidinyl)​-​2-​oxoethyl]​-​ 1-​piperazinyl]​-​8-​methylimidazo[1,​2-​a]​pyridin-​3-​yl]​methylamino]​-​4-​(4-​fluorophenyl)​-

CAS 1628260-79-6

Galapagos

compound for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Molecular Formula: C30H33FN8O2S
Molecular Weight: 588.698823 g/mol
Galapagos Nv

http://files.glpg.com/docs/website_1/Poster_ERS_2015_final.pdf

http://www.glpg.com/docs/view/56b360a81f6b2-en

Phase I Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Description Selective autotaxin (ENPP2; ATX) inhibitor
Molecular Target Autotaxin (ENPP2) (ATX)
  • Originator Galapagos NV
  • Class Anti-inflammatories; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action ENPP2 protein inhibitors
  • 23 Sep 2015 Pharmacodynamics data from a preclinical trial in Indiopathic pulmonary fibrosis released by Galapagos
  • 22 Sep 2015 Pharmacokinetics data from a phase I trial in healthy volunteers released by Galapagos
  • 22 Sep 2015 Updated adverse events data from a phase I trial in healthy volunteers released by Galapagos

GLPG1690

GLPG1690 is a selective autotaxin inhibitor discovered by Galapagos, with potential application in idiopathic pulmonary disease (IPF). In a Phase 1 study in healthy human volunteers, GLPG1690 demonstrated favorable safety and tolerability, as well as a strong pharmacodynamic signal implying target engagement. Galapagos is currently preparing a Phase 2 study in IPF, to be filed for approval before the end of 2015. GLPG1690 is fully proprietary to Galapagos.

| Source: Galapagos NV

  • Fully owned and proprietary clinical asset for pulmonary fibrosis
  • GLPG1690 acts on autotaxin target
  • Novel mode of action, originating from Galapagos target discovery engine
  • Filing for Phase 2 clinical trial in 2015

MECHELEN, Belgium, March 16, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Galapagos NV (Euronext: GLPG) announced that Janssen Pharmaceutica NV and Galapagos have mutually agreed to terminate the inflammation alliance and option agreements between the companies.  Galapagos views the molecules emerging from the alliance as strong additions to its growing proprietary pipeline.  Among others, all rights to candidate drug GLPG1690, a selective autotaxin inhibitor, return to Galapagos.  Galapagos has successfully completed a First-in-Human Phase 1 trial for GLPG1690 and is preparing a Phase 2 clinical trial in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

“We are pleased to regain the rights to GLPG1690 to pursue the most suitable clinical application of autotaxin inhibition.  There is a large unmet medical need in IPF, and our pre-clinical data with GLPG1690 supports its potential as a competitive and novel approach in this disease area,” said Dr Piet Wigerinck, Chief Scientific Officer of Galapagos.  “The alliance with Janssen has been underway since October 2007 and has generated three clinical molecules, two of which are now proprietary Phase 2 assets of Galapagos: GLPG1205 and GLPG1690.  This program is a valuable component of our development portfolio, and regaining the rights is a next step in our transformation into a mature biotech company with a proprietary product pipeline.”

Galapagos identified autotaxin as playing a key role in inflammation, using an inflammation assay in its unique target discovery platform.  Pharmacology and translational studies published by other parties in the literature since then suggest autotaxin may play a key role in metabolic disease, arthritic pain, oncology, and lung disease.

GLPG1690 is a potent and selective inhibitor of autotaxin.  In a Phase 1 study in healthy human volunteers, GLPG1690 demonstrated favorable safety and tolerability, as well as a strong pharmacodynamic signal implying target engagement.  Galapagos is currently preparing a Phase 2 study in IPF, to be filed for approval before the end of 2015.

About IPF
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and ultimately fatal disease characterized by a progressive decline in lung function.  Pulmonary fibrosis involves scarring of lung tissue and is the cause of shortness of breath.  Fibrosis is usually associated with a poor prognosis.  The term “idiopathic” is used because the cause of pulmonary fibrosis is still unknown.  Estimated incidence of IPF is up to 16.3 per 100,000 persons in the US and 7.4 per 100,000 persons in Europe, with approximately 30,000-35,000 new patients diagnosed with IPF worldwide each year.  The goals of treatment in IPF are essentially to reduce the symptoms, slow down disease progression, reduce acute exacerbations, and prolong survival.  Approved treatments thus far have improved the overall survival of IPF patients, but unwanted side effects with these treatments are common, presenting an unmet need for effective treatments with safer side effect profiles.

| Source: Galapagos NV

MECHELEN, Belgium, Sept. 22, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Galapagos NV (Euronext & NASDAQ: GLPG) presents pre-clinical and Phase 1 results for autotaxin inhibitor GLPG1690 at the European Respiratory Society Annual Meeting in Amsterdam, Netherlands.  Galapagos expects to file an exploratory Phase 2 study in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis before year end.  GLPG1690 has potential application in other pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as supported by the presentation on pre-clinical findings at ERS this year:

“Pharmacological profile and efficacy of GLPG1690, a novel ATX inhibitor for COPD treatment,” poster PA2129 in Poster Discussion Session: “New targets and modalities for the treatment of asthma and COPD” (September 28, 2015; Room D201-202, 10:45 AM – 12:45 PM)

Galapagos is the first to show efficacy of an autotaxin inhibitor in pre-clinical models for COPD and IPF, pointing to novel therapeutic areas for autotaxin inhibition. The poster shows how GLPG1690 acts as a potent inhibitor of mouse and human autotaxin (IC50: 100 -500 nM range).  Furthermore, GLPG1690 reduces inflammation in a mouse steroid-resistant tobacco smoke model to a similar extent as a standard therapy for COPD.

Galapagos also presents the topline results with GLPG1690 in Phase 1 in healthy human volunteers:  “Favorable human safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the autotaxin inhibitor GLPG1690, a potential new treatment in COPD,” oral presentation OA484 in session “Advances in the future treatment of COPD” (September 27, 2015; Room 2.1, 10:45 AM – 12:45 PM)

GLPG1690 was safe and well tolerated up to a single oral dose of 1500 mg and up to 1000 mg twice daily for 14 days, with no significant adverse effects on ECGs, vital signs or laboratory parameters.  The compound also showed good oral bioavailability with a half-life of 5 hours and a dose-proportional increase in exposure.  GLPG1690 showed concentration-dependent reduction of a relevant biomarker (plasma LPA18:2 levels) with a maximum of approximately 90%.  At steady state, continuous reduction of this biomarker levels of >60% was observed from 0 to 24 hours.  The presentation will also include relevant pre-clinical model data for COPD and IPF with GLPG1690.

Both the presentation and the posters will be made available on the Galapagos website after the conference.

About Galapagos

Galapagos (Euronext & NASDAQ: GLPG) is a clinical-stage biotechnology company specialized in the discovery and development of small molecule medicines with novel modes of action, with a pipeline comprising three Phase 2 programs, two Phase 1 trials, five pre-clinical studies, and 20 discovery small-molecule and antibody programs in cystic fibrosis, inflammation, and other indications.  In the field of inflammation, AbbVie and Galapagos signed a collaboration agreement for the development and commercialization of filgotinib.  Filgotinib is an orally-available, selective inhibitor of JAK1 for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and potentially other inflammatory diseases, currently in Phase 2B studies in RA and in Phase 2 in Crohn’s disease. Galapagos reported good activity and a favorable safety profile in both the DARWIN 1 and 2 trials in RA.  AbbVie and Galapagos also signed a collaboration agreement in cystic fibrosis to develop and commercialize molecules that address mutations in the CFTR gene.  Potentiator GLPG1837 is currently in a Phase 1 trial, and corrector GLPG2222 is at the pre-clinical candidate stage.  GLPG1205, a first-in-class inhibitor of GPR84 and fully-owned by Galapagos, is currently being tested in a Phase 2 proof-of-concept trial in ulcerative colitis patients.  GLPG1690, a fully proprietary, first-in-class inhibitor of autotaxin, has shown favorable safety in a Phase 1 trial and is expected to enter Phase 2 in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.  The Galapagos Group, including fee-for-service subsidiary Fidelta, has approximately 400 employees, operating from its Mechelen, Belgium headquarters and facilities in The Netherlands, France, and Croatia.  More info at www.glpg.com

CONTACT

Galapagos NV
Elizabeth Goodwin, Head of Corporate Communications & IR
Tel: +31 6 2291 6240
ir@glpg.com

MECHELEN, Belgium, Feb. 16, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Galapagos NV (Euronext: GLPG) announced today that GLPG1690, a first-in-class molecule for pulmonary disease, has demonstrated target engagement, a good safety profile, and favorable drug properties in a Phase 1 study.  Galapagos is developing GLPG1690 within its alliance with Janssen Pharmaceutica NV.

The aim of the Phase 1 study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of oral single and multiple ascending doses of GLPG1690.  The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single center study was conducted in 40 healthy volunteers in Belgium.  In the first part of the study, single ascending doses were evaluated.  In the second part, the new compound was administered daily for 14 days.

GLPG1690 proved to be safe and well-tolerated over a wide dose range in healthy volunteers.  Engagement of the thus far undisclosed novel target was confirmed using a relevant biomarker. GLPG1690 displayed a favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile.  The data shown in Phase 1 encourage Galapagos to explore a Phase 2 study design in pulmonary disease.

“GLPG1690 is the first molecule against this target ever to be evaluated clinically, and we are pleased with the outcome of the Phase 1 study,” said Dr Piet Wigerinck, CSO of Galapagos.  “Galapagos continues to deliver novel therapeutics from its unique target and drug discovery engine.”

In 2007, Galapagos announced an alliance agreement with Janssen Pharmaceutica NV providing the option to worldwide, commercial licenses to certain Galapagos internal inflammatory disease programs.  These programs are based on novel targets for inflammatory disorders that were identified and validated by Galapagos using its proprietary target discovery engine.  Subsequent Galapagos research led to the discovery of GLPG1690, a first-in-class molecule that entered the clinic for inflammatory disorders.  Galapagos is responsible for execution of Phase 1 and Phase 2A studies with GLPG1690.

SYNTHESIS

GLPG

GLPG

INTRODUCTION

relates to compounds that are inhibitors of autotaxin, also known as ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2 (NPP2 or ENPP2), that is involved in fibrotic diseases, proliferative diseases, inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, dermatological disorders, and/or abnormal angiogenesis associated diseases. The present invention also provides methods for the production of a compound of the invention, pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of the invention, methods for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of diseases involving fibrotic diseases, proliferative diseases, inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, dermatological disorders, and/or abnormal angiogenesis associated diseases by administering a compound

STAGE 1

Figure US20140303140A1-20141009-C00030

STAGE2

Figure US20140303140A1-20141009-C00033

STAGE 3

Figure US20140303140A1-20141009-C00040

STAGE4

Figure US20140303140A1-20141009-C00047

STAGE 5

Figure US20140303140A1-20141009-C00056

FINAL

Figure US20140303140A1-20141009-C00062

PATENT

US2014303140

http://www.google.com/patents/US20140303140

GLPG

GLPG

1.2.4.4. Illustrative Synthesis of Intermediate Gen-3-e: N-(6-bromo-2-ethyl-8-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-N-methylformamide

  • To a suspension of formamide Gen-2-d (720 g, 2.55 mol, 1 eq.) in 5 L of acetone were added potassium carbonate (1 kg, 7.66 mol, 3 eq.) and methyl iodide (700 g, 4.93 mol, 1.9 eq.). The reaction mixture was heated to 40° C. overnight. Additional methyl iodide (25 g, 0.18 mol, 0.07 eq.) was then introduced and stirring continued for 1 h at 40° C. The reaction mixture was filtered and washed with acetone (2×300 mL) and DCM (2×300 mL). The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between DCM (3 L) and water (1 L). The aqueous layer was further extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were then washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The solid was triturated with Et2O (1 L) at r.t. for 1 h, filtered off and dried to afford Intermediate Gen-3-e.
  • Rotamer A (Major): 1H NMR δ (ppm) (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.19 (1H, s), 7.78 (1H, s), 7.15 (1H, s), 3.24 (3H, s), 2.72 (2H, q), 2.59 (3H, s), 1.31 (3H, t)
  • Rotamer B (Minor): 1H NMR δ (ppm) (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.49 (1H, s), 7.65 (1H, s), 7.08 (1H, s), 3.36 (3H, s), 2.72 (2H, q), 2.59 (3H, s), 1.31 (3H, t)
  • LC-MS: MW (calcd): 295 (79Br), 297 (81Br); m/z MW (obsd): 296 (79Br M+1), 298 (81Br M+1)

1.2.5.2. Illustrative Synthesis of Intermediate Gen-4-d: (6-Bromo-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-methyl-amine

  • Intermediate Gen-3-e (80 g, 270 mmol, 1 eq.) was dissolved in a 1.25 M HCl solution in MeOH (540 mL, 2.5 eq.) and the resulting mixture was refluxed overnight. 270 mL of 1.25 M HCl solution in MeOH were added and heating continued overnight. After 48 h, additional 70 mL of the 1.25 M HCl solution in MeOH were introduced in the reaction mixture. Heating was maintained overnight until conversion was complete. The crude mixture was then concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between EtOAc (300 mL) and water (700 mL). A saturated NaHCO3 solution was added until pH reached 8-9. The aqueous layer was extracted twice with EtOAc (2×300 mL). The combined organic layers were then washed with brine (200 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give Intermediate Gen-4-d (6-bromo-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-methyl-amine) as a free base.
  • 1H NMR δ (ppm) (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.05 (1H, s), 7.04 (1H, s), 2.84-2.78 (5H, m), 2.60 (3H, s), 1.35 (3H, t)
  • LC-MS: MW (calcd): 267 (79Br), 269 (81Br); m/z MW (obsd): 268 (79Br M+1), 270 (81Br M+1)

1.2.6.4. Illustrative Synthesis of Intermediate Gen-5-t: 2-[(6-Bromo-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-methyl-amino]-4-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-thiazole-5-carbonitrile

  • To a solution of amine Gen-4-d (4.4 g, 16.6 mmol, 1 eq.) in THF (44 mL) under argon was slowly added NaH (60% in oil suspension, 2.0 g, 50.0 mmol, 3 eq.). The reaction mixture was heated at 90° C. for 30 min then cooled to 40° C. before adding the chlorothiazole Gen-12-a (4.74 g, 19.9 mmol, 1.2 eq.). The reaction mixture was stirred at 90° C. overnight. After cooling to r.t. the mixture was slowly quenched by addition of water and then diluted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were then washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated in Et2O, filtered and washed with Et2O and MeCN. Recrystallization was performed in MeCN (180 mL) to afford Intermediate Gen-5-t (2-[(6-Bromo-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-methyl-amino]-4-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-thiazole-5-carbonitrile).
  • 1H NMR δ (ppm) (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.15 (2H, dd), 7.80 (1H, s), 7.22-7.14 (3H, m), 3.62 (3H, s), 2.77 (2H, q), 2.64 (3H, s), 1.35 (3H, t)
  • LC-MS: MW (calcd): 469 (79Br), 471 (81Br); m/z MW (obsd): 470 (79Br M+1), 472 (81Br M+1)

1.2.7.1.4. Illustrative Synthesis of 4-(3-{[5-Cyano-4-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-thiazol-2-yl]-methyl-amino}-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-6-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

  • To a solution of Intermediate Gen-5-t (24.2 g, 51.5 mmol, 1 eq.) in toluene under argon were successively added N-Boc piperazine (14.4 g, 77.3 mmol, 1.5 eq.), sodium tert-butoxide (9.9 g, 103 mmol, 2 eq.), JohnPhos (1.54 g, 5.15 mmol, 0.1 eq.) and Pd2(dba)3 (2.36 g, 2.58 mmol, 0.05 eq.). The reaction mixture was heated at 115° C. for 1 h. After cooling to r.t., the crude product was filtered on Celpure® P65 and the residue dissolved in EtOAc and washed with water. The organic layer was further washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by chromatography on silica gel (elution with heptane/EtOAc:90/10 to 20/80) to afford the expected product.
  • 1H NMR δ (ppm) (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.16 (2H, dd), 7.17 (2H, app t), 6.99 (2H, bs), 3.62-3.53 (4H, m), 3.60 (3H, s), 3.04-2.93 (4H, m), 2.74 (2H, q), 2.62 (3H, s), 1.47 (9H, s), 1.33 (3H, t).
  • LC-MS: MW (calcd): 575; m/z MW (obsd): 576 (M+1)

1.2.7.8.4. Illustrative Synthesis of Compound 1: 2-[(2-Ethyl-8-methyl-6-piperazin-1-yl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-methyl-amino]-4-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-thiazole-5-carbonitrile

  • 4-(3-{[5-Cyano-4-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-thiazol-2-yl]-methyl-amino}-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-6-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester was prepared from intermediate Gen-5-t using Boc-piperazine and method Flb.
  • To a solution of 4-(3-{[5-Cyano-4-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-thiazol-2-yl]-methyl-amino}-2-ethyl-8-methyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-6-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (24.4 g, 42 mmol, 1 eq.) in MeOH (100 mL) was added a 2 M HCl solution in Et2O (127 mL, 254 mmol, 6 eq.). The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 3.5 h then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was partitioned between EtOAc and water. The aqueous layer was extracted twice with EtOAc. A 2 M NaOH solution was added to the aqueous layer until pH reached 8-9 and further extraction with EtOAc was performed. The combined organic layers were then washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The solid was triturated with heptane (100 mL) at r.t. overnight, filtered off, washed with heptane and Et2O, and dried to afford the expected compound.
  • 1H NMR δ (ppm) (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.17 (2H, dd), 7.18 (2H, app t), 6.99 (2H, bs), 3.61 (3H, s), 3.09-2.98 (8H, m), 2.75 (2H, q), 2.61 (3H, s), 1.34 (3H, t).
  • LC-MS: MW (calcd): 475; m/z MW (obsd): 476 (M+1)

1.2.7.14. Illustrative Synthesis of Compound 2: 2-((2-ethyl-6-(4-(2-(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)-2-oxoethyl)piperazin-1-yl)-8-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)(methyl)amino)-4-(4-fluorophenyl)thiazole-5-carbonitrile

  • To a solution of amine compound 1 (12.6 g, 27 mmol, 1 eq.) in 100 mL of MeCN were added potassium carbonate (7.3 g, 53 mmol, 2 eq.) and Gen13-a (5.2 g, 34 mmol, 1.3 eq.). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 5.5 h then cooled to r.t. and stirred for 40 h. The crude product was filtered and washed with MeCN. The collected precipitate was then suspended in 300 mL of water, stirred for 1 h, filtered, and finally washed with water and MeCN. The solid obtained was dried in vacuo for 48 h to afford Compound 2.
  • 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ ppm 8.20-8.12 (2H, m), 7.22-7.13 (2H, m), 6.99 (2H, s), 4.68 (1H, m), 4.43 (1H, dd), 4.26 (1H, dd), 4.14-4.05 (1H, m), 3.88 (1H, dd), 3.61 (3H, s), 3.58-3.52 (1H, m), 3.14-3.02 (6H, m), 2.74 (2H, q), 2.70-2.62 (4H, m), 2.59 (3H, s), 1.33 (3H, t)
  • LC-MS: MW (calcd): 588; m/z MW (obsd): 589 (M+1)
US9249141 Dec 17, 2014 Feb 2, 2016 Galapagos Nv Compounds and pharmaceutical compositions thereof for the treatment of inflammatory disorders
1 to 2 of 2
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015111872 2015-04-23 NOVEL COMPOUNDS AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS THEREOF FOR THE TREATMENT OF INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS
US2014303140 2014-10-09 NOVEL COMPOUNDS AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS THEREOF FOR THE TREATMENT OF INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS

////////////GLPG 1690, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, PHASE 1, GALAPAGOS, 1628260-79-6

n12c(c(nc1c(cc(c2)N3CCN(CC3)CC(=O)N4CC(C4)O)C)CC)N(C)c5nc(c(s5)C#N)c6ccc(cc6)F

CCC1=C(N2C=C(C=C(C2=N1)C)N3CCN(CC3)CC(=O)N4CC(C4)O)N(C)C5=NC(=C(S5)C#N)C6=CC=C(C=C6)F

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Filgotinib


Filgotinib.png

Filgotinib

  • C21H23N5O3S
  • MW425.504
  • Elemental Analysis: C, 59.28; H, 5.45; N, 16.46; O, 11.28; S, 7.54
1206161-97-8
Cyclopropanecarboxamide, N-[5-[4-[(1,1-dioxido-4-thiomorpholinyl)methyl]phenyl][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]-
G146034
GLPG0634
N-(5-(4-((1,1-dioxidothiomorpholino)methyl)phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide
Galapagos Nv INNOVATOR
PHASE 3,  Crohn’s disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ulcerative colitis
Filgotinib is an orally available inhibitor of JAK1/JAK2 and TYK2 in phase III clinical development at Galapagos and Gilead for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, moderate or severe Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis

IL-6 antagonist; Jak1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor; Tyk2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor; Jak3 tyrosine kinase inhibitor; Jak2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor

Autoimmune disease; Cancer; Colitis; Crohns disease; Inflammatory disease; Neoplasm; Rheumatoid arthritis; Transplant rejection

In 2017, orphan drug designation was assigned to the compound in the U.S. for the treatment of pediatric Crohn’s disease and pediatric ulcerative colitis.

GlaxoSmithKline had been developing filgotinib preclinically for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis pursuant to a license; however, in 2010, the compound was re-acquired by Galapagos. In 2012, the product was licensed to Abbott for development and marketing. In January 2013, Abbott spun-off its research-based pharmaceutical business into a newly-formed company AbbVie. The license agreement between Galapagos and Abbott was terminated in September 2015, Galapagos regaining all rights to the product. The same year, Galapagos and Gilead entered into a global partnership and Gilead obtained the global rights of codevelopment and commercialization for the treatment of inflammatory diseases

Filgotinib (GLPG0634), by the Belgian biotech company Galápagos NV, is a drug which is currently under investigation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease.

Filgotinib (GLPG0634) is an orally-available, selective inhibitor of JAK1 (Janus kinase 1) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and potentially other inflammatory diseases. Filgotinib (GLPG0634) dose-dependently inhibited Th1 and Th2 differentiation and to a lesser extent the differentiation of Th17 cells in vitro. GLPG0634 was well exposed in rodents upon oral dosing, and exposure levels correlated with repression of Mx2 expression in leukocytes. The JAK1 selective inhibitor GLPG0634 (Filgotinib) is a promising novel therapeutic with potential for oral treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and possibly other immune-inflammatory diseases. Filgotinib (GLPG0634) is currently in a Phase 2 study in Crohn’s disease.

3D

Mechanism of action

Filgotinib is a Janus kinase inhibitor with selectivity for subtype JAK1 of this enzyme. It is considered a promising agent as it inhibits JAK1 selectively. Less selective JAK inhibitors (e.g. tofacitinib) are already being marketed. They show long-term efficacy in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. However, their lack of selectivity leads to dose-limiting side effects.[1] It is thought that inhibition of all JAK isoenzymes is beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis. However, pan-JAK inhibition might also lead to unwanted side effects that might not outweigh its benefits. This is the rationale for the development of newer and more selective inhibitors like filgotinib.

The signal transmission of large numbers of proinflammatory cytokines is dependent on JAK1. Inhibition of JAK2 may also contribute to the efficacy against RA. Nonetheless it is thought that JAK2 inhibition might lead to anemia and thrombopenia by interference witherythropoietin and thrombopoietin and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Therefore one might prefer to choose a more selective JAK1 inhibitor as a primary therapeutic option. Filgotinib exerts a 30-fold selectivity for JAK1 compared to JAK2.[2] It is however still to be seen to what extent JAK2 inhibition should be avoided.

Novel crystalline forms of filgotinib salts, particularly hydrochloride salt, useful for treating JAK-mediated diseases eg inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, proliferative diseases, allergy and transplant rejection.  Galapagos and licensee AbbVie are developing filgotinib, a selective JAK-1 inhibitor, for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Crohn’s disease (CD). In August 2015, the drug was reported to be in phase 2 clinical development for treating RA and CD. The drug is also being investigated for the treatment of colitis and was discovered as part of the company’s arthritis alliance with GSK; however in August 2010 Galapagos reacquired the full rights. See WO2013189771, claiming use of filgotinib analog for treating inflammatory diseases. Also see WO2010010190 (co-assigned with GSK and Abbott) and WO2010149769 (assigned to Galapagos) claiming filgotinib, generically and specifically, respectively.

Clinical trials and approval

The efficacy of filgotinib is currently studied in a phase2b program (DARWIN trial 1, 2) with involvement of 886 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 180 Crohn’s disease patients.

Phase 1 study

It was shown in phase 1 studies that the pharmacokinetics of filgotinib metabolism is independent of hepatic CYP450 enzymatic degradation. The drug metabolism is however mediated by carboxylesterases. There is no interference reported with the metabolism of methotrexate nor with any of the investigated transport proteins.[3]

Phase 2 study: Proof of concept (2011)

In november 2011 Galápagos released the results of their phase 2 study (identification: NCT01384422, Eudract: 2010-022953-40) in which 36 patients were treated who showed a suboptimal clinical response to methotrexate treatment. Three groups of twelve patients were treated either with 200 mg filgotinib in a single dose, 200 mg divided in two doses or placebo. The primary end-point was the ACR20 score, which monitors improvements in the symptomatology of the patient. After the scheduled 4 weeks of treatment, 83% of the respondents showed an improved ACR20-score. Half of the treated patients showed a complete (or near complete) remission of the disease. There were no reports ofanemia nor changes in lipidemia. The company stated in their press release that filgotinib is the first selective JAK1 inhibitor that shows clinical efficacy. As a result of this study, the company stated that “GLPG0634 shows one of the highest initial response rates ever reported for rheumatoid arthritis treatments”.[4]

DARWIN 1 trial

The DARWIN 1 trial is a 24 week double blind placebo-controlled trial with 599 rheumatoid arthritis patients enrolled. All participants have moderate to severe RA and showed an insufficient response to standard methotrexate treatment. The trial compares three dosages of filgotinib as a once or twice per day regimen. During the trial all participants remain on their methotrexate treatment. According to the company, the results of this trial are expected in July 2015.[5]

DARWIN 2 trial

The DARWIN 2 trial is a double blind placebo-controlled trial with 280 rheumatoid arthritis patients enrolled who show an insufficient response to standard methotrexate treatment. This trial, in contrast to the previous DARWIN 1 trial, methotrexate is discontinued. Therefore, this trial investigates filgotinib as a monotherapy.[6] The recruitment of DARWIN trial 2b ended in november 2014.[7] Preliminary results are expected in the second quarter of 2015 and a full completion of the study is expected in the third quarter of 2015.

DARWIN 3 trial

Patients who complete DARWIN 1 and 2 will be eligible for DARWIN 3.

COSY PREDICT

COSY NMR prediction (26)

Time line

  • june 2011: results of first phase 2 trial
  • november 2014: initiation of DARWIN 1 and 2 trials
  • april 2015: expected date of DARWIN 1 trial results
  • june 2015: expected date of DARWIN 2 trial results

ChemSpider 2D Image | Filgotinib | C21H23N5O3S

NMR FROM NET….ABMOLE, DMSOD6

NMR ABMOLE

NMR MEDKOO DMSOD6

NMR MEDKOO

CHEMIETEK

1H NMR PREDICT
1H NMR MOLBASE GRAPH 1H NMR MOLBASE VAL

13C NMR PREDICT

13C NMR MOLBASE GRAPH 13C NMR MOLBASE VAL

……………………

MORE PREDICTS

FIL CHEMDDOODLE

1H NMR PREDICT

1H NMR DB GRAPH

H EXPLODED

1H NMR DB VAL

13C NMR PREDICT

13C NMRDB GRAPH 13C NMRDB VAL

PRODUCT PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2010149769A1?cl=en

Applicants: GALAPAGOS NV [BE/BE]; Generaal De Wittelaan L11/A3 B-2800 Mechelen (BE) (For All Designated States Except US).
MENET, Christel Jeanne Marie [FR/BE]; (BE) (For US Only).
SMITS, Koen Kurt [BE/BE]; (BE) (For US Only)
Inventors: MENET, Christel Jeanne Marie; (BE).
SMITS, Koen Kurt; (BE)

PRODUCT PATENT SYN 1

WO2010149769

International Filing Date: 25.06.2010

ESTIMATED EXP 2030

Condensation of 2-amino-6-bromopyridine (I) with ethoxycarbonyl isothiocyanate (II) in CH2Cl2 gives 1-(6-bromopyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxythiourea (III), which upon cyclization with hydroxylamine hydrochloride (IV) in the presence of DIEA in EtOH/MeOH yields 2-amino-5-bromo[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine (V). N-Acylation of amine (V) with cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (VI) using Et3N in acetonitrile, and subsequent treatment with methanolic ammonia furnishes the carboxamide (VII) (1-3), which upon Suzuki coupling with 4-(hydroxymethyl)phenylboronic acid (VIII) in the presence of PdCl2(dppf) and K2CO3 in dioxane/H2O at 90 °C, followed by bromination with PBr3 in CHCl3 affords intermediate (IX). Condensation of benzyl bromide derivative (IX) with thiomorpholine-1,1-dioxide (X) using DIEA in CH2Cl2/MeOH yields filgotinib (1,2). Alternatively, condensation of (4-bromomethylphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolane (XI) with thiomorpholine 1,1-dioxide (X) in the presence of DIEA in CH2Cl2/MeOH gives intermediate (XII), which undergoes Suzuki coupling with aryl bromide (VII) in the presence of PdCl2(dppf) and K2CO3 in dioxane/H2O at 90 °C to afford the target filgotinib

The present invention is based on the discovery that the compound of the invention is able to act as an inhibitor of JAK and that it is useful for the treatment of inflammatory conditions, autoimmune diseases, proliferative diseases, transplantation rejection, diseases involving impairment of cartilage turnover, congenital cartilage malformations, and/or diseases associated with hypersecretion of IL6. In a specific aspect the compound is an inhibitor of JAKl and JAK2. The present invention also provides methods for the production of this compound, a pharmaceutical composition comprising this compound and methods for treating inflammatory conditions, autoimmune diseases, proliferative diseases, transplantation rejection, diseases involving impairment of cartilage turnover, congenital cartilage malformations, and/or diseases associated with hypersecretion of IL6 by administering the compound of the invention.

Accordingly, in a first aspect of the invention, a compound of the invention is provided having a formula (I):

[0017] The compound of the invention is a novel inhibitor of JAK that appears to exhibit a dramatically improved in vivo potency as compared to structurally similar compounds. In a particular embodiment the compound of the invention is an inhibitor of JAKl and JAK2. In particular it appears to exhibit this increase in potency at lower in vivo exposure levels compared to structurally similar compounds. The use of a compound with these improvements is expected to result in a lower dosage requirement (and therefore an improved dosing schedule).

General Synthetic Method Scheme 1

1. RCOCI, Et3N 2. NH3 / MeOH CH3CN, 20 0C 2O 0C


wherein Ar represents phenyl-Ll-heterocycloalkyl, where Ll is a bond, -CH2– or -CO- and the heterocycloalkyl group is optionally substituted.

General

1.1.1 l-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea (2)

(2)

[00117] To a solution of 2-amino-6-bromopyridine (1) (253.8 g, 1.467 mol) in DCM (2.5 L) cooled to 5 0C is added ethoxycarbonyl isothiocyanate (173.0 mL, 1.467 mol) dropwise over 15 min. The reaction mixture is then allowed to warm to room temp. (20 0C) and stirred for 16 h. Evaporation in vacuo gives a solid which may be collected by filtration, thoroughly washed with petrol (3×600 mL) and air-dried to afford (2). The thiourea may be used as such for the next step without any purification. 1H (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 12.03 (IH, br s, NH), 8.81 (IH, d, J 7.8 Hz, H-3), 8.15 (IH, br s, NH), 7.60 (IH, t, J 8.0 Hz, H-4), 7.32 (IH, dd, J 7.7 and 0.6 Hz, H-5), 4.31 (2H, q, J 7.1 Hz, CH2), 1.35 (3H, t, J 7.1 Hz, CH3).

7.7.2 5-Bromo-[l, 2, 4]triazolo[l, 5-a]pyridin-2-ylamine (3)

[00118] To a suspension of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (101.8 g, 1.465 mol) in EtOH/MeOH

(1 :1, 900 mL) is added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (145.3 mL, 0.879 mol) and the mixture is stirred at room temp. (20 0C) for 1 h. l-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea (2) (89.0 g, 0.293 mol) is then added and the mixture slowly heated to reflux (Note: bleach scrubber is required to quench H2S evolved). After 3 h at reflux, the mixture is allowed to cool and filtered to collect the precipitated solid. Further product is collected by evaporation in vacuo of the filtrate, addition Of H2O (250 mL) and filtration. The combined solids are washed successively with H2O (250 mL), EtOH/MeOH (1 : 1, 250 mL) and Et2O (250 mL) then dried in vacuo to afford the triazolopyridine derivative (3) as a solid. The compound may be used as such for the next step without any purification. 1H (400 MHz, DMSO-t/β) δ 7.43-7.34 (2H, m, 2 x aromatic-H), 7.24 (IH, dd, J 6.8 and 1.8 Hz, aromatic-H), 6.30 (2H, br, NH2); m/z 213/215 (1 :1, M+H+, 100%).

7.7.3 General procedure for mono-acylation to afford intermediate (4):


[00119] To a solution of the 2-amino-triazolopyridine (3) (7.10 g, 33.3 mmol) in dry CH3CN

(150 mL) at 5 0C is added Et3N (11.6 mL, 83.3 mmol) followed by cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (83.3 mmol). The reaction mixture is then allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirred until all starting material (3) is consumed. If required, further Et3N (4.64 mL, 33.3 mmol) and cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (33.3 mmol) is added to ensure complete reaction. Following solvent evaporation in vacuo the resultant residue is treated with 7 N methanolic ammonia solution (50 mL) and stirred at ambient temp, (for 1-16 h) to hydro lyse any bis-acylated product. Product isolation is made by removal of volatiles in vacuo followed by trituration with Et2O (50 mL). The solids are collected by filtration, washed with H2O (2x50mL), acetone (50 mL) and Et2O (50 mL), then dried in vacuo to give the required bromo intermediate (4).

Method A

Preparation of compounds of the invention via Suzuki coupling (5):

[00120] An appropriate boronic acid (2eq.) is added to a solution of bromo intermediate (4) in

1 ,4-dioxane/water (5:1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (5%) are added to the solution. The resulting mixture is then heated in a microwave at 140 0C for 30 min (this reaction can also be carried out by traditional heating in an oil bath at 900C for 16h under N2). Water is added and the solution is extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers are dried over anhyd. MgSθ4 and evaporated in vacuo. The final compound is obtained after purification by flash chromatography or preparative HPLC. HPLC: Waters

XBridge Prep Cl 8 5μm ODB 19mm ID x 100mm L (Part No.186002978). All the methods are using

MeCN/H2O gradients. H2O contains either 0.1% TFA or 0.1% NH3.

Method B

Bl. 4 4-[2-(Cyclopropanecarbonyl-amino)-[ 1 , 2, 4]triazolo[l, 5-a] pyridin-5-yl] -benzoyl chloride

[00121] 2 Drops of DMF are added to a solution of 4-[2-(cyclopropanecarbonyl-amino)- [l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]-benzoic acid (1 eq) obtained by Method A using 4-carboxyphenylboronic acid in DCM under N2 atmosphere. Then oxalyl chloride (2 eq) is added dropwise to this resulting solution (gas release). The mixture is stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. After completion of the reaction by LCMS, the solvent is removed. The crude acid chloride is used without further purification in next step.

B2. Amide formation (General Method)

[00122] An appropriate amine (1.1 eq) and Et3N (5 eq) are dissolved in DCM under N2 atmosphere and cooled at 00C. The acid chloride (Bl, 1 eq) dissolved in DCM is added dropwise to this solution. The reaction is stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After this time, reaction is complete. The compound is extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhyd. MgSO4. Organic layers are filtered and evaporated. The final compound is isolated by preparative HPLC. Preparative HPLC: Waters XBridge Prep C18 5μm ODB 19mm ID x 100mm L (Part No.186002978). All the methods are using MeCN/H2O gradients. H2O contains either 0.1% TFA or 0.1% NH3.

Method C

Wherein R3a or R3b together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, may form a heterocycloalkyl.

Reductive alkylation (general method)

[00123] An appropriate amine (2 eq.), cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (for example cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-formyl-phenyl)-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridine-2-yl]-amide) prepared by method A (1 eq.) and Ti(OPr)4 are mixed and stirred at room temperature for 3 hrs. The mixture is diluted in ethanol and Na(CN)BH3 (leq.) is added. The resulting solution is stirred at room temperature for 16 hrs. The mixture is diluted in water and filtered. The filtrate is washed with ethanol. The combined solvent phases are evaporated under vacuum. The final compound is isolated by preparative HPLC.

Method D 
wherein R1 and R2 together with the Nitrogen atom to which they are attached, may form a heterocycloalkyl.

Reaction ofalkylation

[00124] 2-(4-Bromomethyl-phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolane (leq) and Et3N (2 eq) (or AgCO3) are dissolved in DCM/MeOH (4:1 v:v) under N2 and an amine (2 eq) is added dropwise. The resulting solution is stirred at room temperature for 16h. After this time, the reaction is complete. The solvent is evaporated. The compound is extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhyd. MgSθ4. Organic layers are filtered and evaporated. The final compound is isolated by flash chromatography.

Suzuki coupling

[00125] The obtained boronic acid (2eq.) is added to a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid

(5-bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide (4) in 1 ,4-dioxane/water (5:1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (5%) are added to the solution. The resulting mixture is then heated in a microwave at 140 0C for 30 min (This reaction can also be carried out by traditional heating in an oil bath at 900C for 16h under N2). Water is added and the solution is extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers are dried over anhyd. MgSθ4 and evaporated in vacuo. The final compound is obtained after purification by flash chromatography or preparative HPLC. HPLC: Waters XBridge Prep C18 5μm ODB 19mm ID x 100mm L (Part No.186002978). All the methods are using MeCN/H2O gradients. H2O contains either 0.1% TFA or 0.1% NH3.

Synthesis of the compound of the invention and comparative examples

Compound l(the compound of the invention)

Step 1:

[00126] 2-(4-Bromomethyl-phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolane (leq) and DIPEA

(2 eq) were dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5:1 v:v) under N2 and thiomorpholine 1,1 -dioxide (2 eq) was added portionwise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 16h. After this time, the reaction was complete. The solvent was evaporated. The compound was extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhyd. MgS O4. Organic layers were filtered and evaporated. The final compound was isolated without further purification.

Step 2: Suzuki coupling

[00127] 4-[4-(4,4,5,5-Tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzyl]-thiomorpholine-l,l-dioxide

(l.leq.) was added to a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide in 1 ,4-dioxane/water (4:1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (0.03 eq.) were added to the solution. The resulting mixture was then heated in an oil bath at 900C for 16h under N2. Water was added and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried over anhyd. MgSθ4 and evaporated in vacuo. The final compound was obtained after purification by flash chromatography.

[00128] Alternatively, after completion of the reaction, a palladium scavenger such as 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, is added, the reaction mixture is allowed to cooled down and a filtration is performed. The filter cake is reslurried in a suitable solvent (e.g. acetone), the solid is separated by filtration, washed with more acetone, and dried. The resulting solid is resuspended in water, aqueous HCl is added, and after stirring at RT, the resulting solution is filtered on celite (Celpure P300). Aqueous NaOH is then added to the filtrate, and the resulting suspension is stirred at RT, the solid is separated by filtration, washed with water and dried by suction. Finally the cake is re-solubilised in a mixture of THF/H2O, treated with a palladium scavenger (e.g. SMOPEX 234) at 500C, the suspension is filtered, the organic solvents are removed by evaporation, and the resulting slurry is washed with water and methanol, dried and sieved, to obtain the title compound as a free base.

Alternative route to Compound l(the compound of the invention):

Step 1:

[00129] 4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenylboronic acid (l.leq.) was added to a s o luti o n o f cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide in 1 ,4-dioxane/water (4:1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (0.03 eq.) were added to the solution. The resulting mixture was then heated in an oil bath at 900C for 16h under N2. Water was added and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried over anhyd. MgSθ4 and evaporated in vacuo. The resulting mixture was used without further purification.

Step 2:

[00130] To a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-hydroxymethyl-phenyl)- [l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]-amide (1.0 eq) in chloroform was slowly added phosphorus tribromide (1.0 equiv.). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 hours, quenched with ice and water (20 mL) and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over anhyd. MgSθ4, filtered and concentrated to dryness. The resulting white residue was triturated in dichloromethane/diethyl ether 2:1 to afford the expected product as a white solid.

Step 3:

[00131] Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-bromomethyl-phenyl)-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin- 2-yl]-amide (leq) and DIPEA (2 eq) were dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5:1 v:v) under N2 and thiomorpholine 1,1 -dioxide (1.1 eq) was added dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 16h. After this time, the reaction was complete. The solvent was evaporated. The compound was dissolved in DCM, washed with water and dried over anhyd. MgSO^ Organic layers were filtered and evaporated. The final compound was isolated by column chromatography using EtOAc to afford the desired product.

PATENT

WO 2010010190

WO 2013173506

WO 2013189771

WO 2015117980

WO 2015117981

POLYMORPH

CN 105061420

CN105061420

https://encrypted.google.com/patents/CN105061420A?cl=en

JAK inhibitor N-(5-(4-(1,1-dioxothiomorpholinyl)methyl)phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide, and methods for preparing the four crystal forms, wherein the four crystal forms respectively are a crystal form H1, a crystal form H2, a crystal form H3 and a crystal form H4,

POLYMORPH

E CRYSTAL

CN 105111206

D CRYSTAL

CN 105111207

H CRYSYAL

CN 105198876

CN 105198877

F CN 105198878

C CN 105198880

POLYMORPH

WO 2016105453

POLYMORPH

POLYMORPH

CN 105669669

The present invention provides a crystal form A, B, D, G and M of N-[5-[4-[(1,1-dioxido-4-thiomorpholinyl)methyl]phenyl][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide hydrochloride.

PAPER

Future Medicinal Chemistry (2015), 7(2), 203-235.  |  Language: English, Database: CAPLUSA review.  The discovery of the JAK-STAT pathway was a landmark in cell biol.  The identification of these pathways has changed the landscape of treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.  The two first (unselective) JAK inhibitors have recently been approved by the US FDA for the treatment of myelofibrosis and rheumatoid arthritis and many other JAK inhibitors are currently in clin. development or at the discovery stage.  Research groups have demonstrated the different roles of JAK member and the therapeutic potential of targeting them selectively. ………..

https://www.future-science.com/doi/10.4155/fmc.14.149

PAPER

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Philadelphia, PA, United States) (2018), 107(6), 1624-1632.

PATENT

US2010/331319 A1, ; Page/Page column 13-14

http://www.google.com/patents/US20100331319

Synthetic Preparation of the Compound of the Invention and Comparative Examples

The compound of the invention and the comparative examples can be produced according to the following scheme.

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00003

wherein Ar represents phenyl-L1-heterocycloalkyl, where L1 is a bond, —CH2— or —CO— and the heterocycloalkyl group is optionally substituted.

General 1.1.1 1-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea (2)

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00004

To a solution of 2-amino-6-bromopyridine (1) (253.8 g, 1.467 mol) in DCM (2.5 L) cooled to 5° C. is added ethoxycarbonyl isothiocyanate (173.0 mL, 1.467 mol) dropwise over 15 min. The reaction mixture is then allowed to warm to room temp. (20° C.) and stirred for 16 h. Evaporation in vacuo gives a solid which may be collected by filtration, thoroughly washed with petrol (3×600 mL) and air-dried to afford (2). The thiourea may be used as such for the next step without any purification. 1H (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 12.03 (1H, br s, NH), 8.81 (1H, d, J=7.8 Hz, H-3), 8.15 (1H, br s, NH), 7.60 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz, H-4), 7.32 (1H, dd, J 7.7 and 0.6 Hz, H-5), 4.31 (2H, q, J 7.1 Hz, CH2), 1.35 (3H, t, J 7.1 Hz, CH3).

1.1.2 5-Bromo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-ylamine (3)

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00005

To a suspension of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (101.8 g, 1.465 mol) in EtOH/MeOH (1:1, 900 mL) is added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (145.3 mL, 0.879 mol) and the mixture is stirred at room temp. (20° C.) for 1 h. 1-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea (2) (89.0 g, 0.293 mol) is then added and the mixture slowly heated to reflux (Note: bleach scrubber is required to quench H2S evolved). After 3 h at reflux, the mixture is allowed to cool and filtered to collect the precipitated solid. Further product is collected by evaporation in vacuo of the filtrate, addition of H2O (250 mL) and filtration. The combined solids are washed successively with H2O (250 mL), EtOH/MeOH (1:1, 250 mL) and Et2O (250 mL) then dried in vacuo to afford the triazolopyridine derivative (3) as a solid. The compound may be used as such for the next step without any purification. 1H (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.43-7.34 (2H, m, 2×aromatic-H), 7.24 (1H, dd, J 6.8 and 1.8 Hz, aromatic-H), 6.30 (2H, br, NH2); m/z 213/215 (1:1, M+H+, 100%).

1.1.3 General Procedure for Mono-Acylation to Afford Intermediate (4)

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00006

To a solution of the 2-amino-triazolopyridine (3) (7.10 g, 33.3 mmol) in dry CH3CN (150 mL) at 5° C. is added Et3N (11.6 mL, 83.3 mmol) followed by cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (83.3 mmol). The reaction mixture is then allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirred until all starting material (3) is consumed. If required, further Et3N (4.64 mL, 33.3 mmol) and cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (33.3 mmol) is added to ensure complete reaction. Following solvent evaporation in vacuo the resultant residue is treated with 7 N methanolic ammonia solution (50 mL) and stirred at ambient temp. (for 1-16 h) to hydrolyse any bis-acylated product. Product isolation is made by removal of volatiles in vacuo followed by trituration with Et2O (50 mL). The solids are collected by filtration, washed with H2O (2×50 mL), acetone (50 mL) and Et2O (50 mL), then dried in vacuo to give the required bromo intermediate (4).

Method A Preparation of Compounds of the Invention Via Suzuki Coupling (5):

An appropriate boronic acid (2 eq.) is added to a solution of bromo intermediate (4) in 1,4-dioxane/water (5:1). K2CO(2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (5%) are added to the solution. The resulting mixture is then heated in a microwave at 140° C. for 30 min (this reaction can also be carried out by traditional heating in an oil bath at 90° C. for 16 h under N2). Water is added and the solution is extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers are dried over anhyd. MgSOand evaporated in vacuo. The final compound is obtained after purification by flash chromatography or preparative HPLC. HPLC: Waters XBridge Prep C18 5 μm ODB 19 mm ID×100 mm L (Part No. 186002978). All the methods are using MeCN/H2O gradients. H2O contains either 0.1% TFA or 0.1% NH3.

Method B

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00007

B1. 4 4-[2-(Cyclopropanecarbonyl-amino)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]-benzoyl chloride

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00008

2 Drops of DMF are added to a solution of 4-[2-(cyclopropanecarbonyl-amino)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]-benzoic acid (1 eq) obtained by Method A using 4-carboxyphenylboronic acid in DCM under Natmosphere. Then oxalyl chloride (2 eq) is added dropwise to this resulting solution (gas release). The mixture is stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. After completion of the reaction by LCMS, the solvent is removed. The crude acid chloride is used without further purification in next step.

B2. Amide Formation (General Method)

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00009

An appropriate amine (1.1 eq) and Et3N (5 eq) are dissolved in DCM under Natmosphere and cooled at 0° C. The acid chloride (B1, 1 eq) dissolved in DCM is added dropwise to this solution. The reaction is stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After this time, reaction is complete. The compound is extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhyd. MgSO4. Organic layers are filtered and evaporated. The final compound is isolated by preparative HPLC. Preparative HPLC: Waters XBridge Prep C18 5 μm ODB 19 mm ID×100 mm L (Part No. 186002978). All the methods are using MeCN/H2O gradients. H2O contains either 0.1% TFA or 0.1% NH3.

Synthesis of the Compound of the Invention and Comparative Examples Compound 1 (the Compound of the Invention) Step 1:

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00014

2-(4-Bromomethyl-phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolane (1 eq) and DIPEA (2 eq) were dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5:1 v:v) under Nand thiomorpholine 1,1-dioxide (2 eq) was added portionwise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After this time, the reaction was complete. The solvent was evaporated. The compound was extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhyd. MgSO4. Organic layers were filtered and evaporated. The final compound was isolated without further purification.

STEP 2: Suzuki coupling

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00015

4-[4-(4,4,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzyl]-thiomorpholine-1,1-dioxide (1.1 eq.) was added to a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide in 1,4-dioxane/water (4:1). K2CO(2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (0.03 eq.) were added to the solution. The resulting mixture was then heated in an oil bath at 90° C. for 16 h under N2. Water was added and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried over anhyd. MgSOand evaporated in vacuo. The final compound was obtained after purification by flash chromatography.

Alternatively, after completion of the reaction, a palladium scavenger such as 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, is added, the reaction mixture is allowed to cooled down and a filtration is performed. The filter cake is reslurried in a suitable solvent (e.g. acetone), the solid is separated by filtration, washed with more acetone, and dried. The resulting solid is resuspended in water, aqueous HCl is added, and after stirring at RT, the resulting solution is filtered on celite (Celpure P300). Aqueous NaOH is then added to the filtrate, and the resulting suspension is stirred at RT, the solid is separated by filtration, washed with water and dried by suction. Finally the cake is re-solubilised in a mixture of THF/H2O, treated with a palladium scavenger (e.g. SMOPEX 234) at 50° C., the suspension is filtered, the organic solvents are removed by evaporation, and the resulting slurry is washed with water and methanol, dried and sieved, to obtain the title compound as a free base.

Alternative Route to Compound 1 (the Compound of the Invention): Step 1:

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00016

4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenylboronic acid (1.1 eq.) was added to a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide in 1,4-dioxane/water (4:1). K2CO(2 eq.) and PdCl2dppf (0.03 eq.) were added to the solution. The resulting mixture was then heated in an oil bath at 90° C. for 16 h under N2. Water was added and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried over anhyd. MgSOand evaporated in vacuo. The resulting mixture was used without further purification.

Step 2:

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00017

To a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-hydroxymethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]-amide (1.0 eq) in chloroform was slowly added phosphorus tribromide (1.0 equiv.). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 hours, quenched with ice and water (20 mL) and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over anhyd. MgSO4, filtered and concentrated to dryness. The resulting white residue was triturated in dichloromethane/diethyl ether 2:1 to afford the expected product as a white solid.

Step 3:

Figure US20100331319A1-20101230-C00018

Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-bromomethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]-amide (1 eq) and DIPEA (2 eq) were dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5:1 v:v) under Nand thiomorpholine 1,1-dioxide (1.1 eq) was added dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After this time, the reaction was complete. The solvent was evaporated. The compound was dissolved in DCM, washed with water and dried over anhyd. MgSO4. Organic layers were filtered and evaporated. The final compound was isolated by column chromatography using EtOAc to afford the desired product.

…………………….

PATENT

WO 2015117981

Novel salts and pharmaceutical compositions thereof for the treatment of inflammatory disorders

Also claims a method for preparing filgotinib hydrochloride trihydrate. The present filing forms a pair with this week’s filing, WO2015117980, claiming a tablet composition comprising filgotinib hydrochloride.

The compound cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {5-[4-(l,l-dioxo-thiomorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-phenyl]-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl -amide (Compound 1), which has the chemical structure:

is disclosed in our earlier application WO 2010/149769 (Menet C. J., 2010) as being an inhibitor of JAK and as being useful in the treatment of inflammatory conditions, autoimmune diseases, proliferative diseases, allergy, transplant rejection, diseases involving impairment of cartilage turnover, congenital cartilage malformations, and/or diseases associated with hypersecretion of IL6 or interferons. Hereafter this compound is named Compound 1. The data presented in WO 2010/149769 demonstrate that despite similar in vitro activities, Compound 1 has unexpectedly high in vivo potency compared with structurally similar compounds.

Example 1. Preparation of Compound 1

1.1. Route 1

1.1.1. 4-[4-(4,4,5,5-Tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzyl]-thiomorpholine-l,l-dioxide

[00205] 2-(4-Bromomethyl-phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolane (1 eq) and DIPEA (2 eq) are dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5:1 v:v) under N2 and thiomorpholine 1,1 -dioxide (2 eq) is added portionwise. The resulting solution is stirred at room temperature for 16h. After this time, the reaction is complete. The solvent is evaporated. The compound is extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO i. Organic layers are filtered and evaporated. The final compound is isolated without further purification.

1.1.2. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide

1.1.2.1. Step i): l-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea

[00206] To a solution of 2-amino-6-bromopyridine (1) (253.8 g, 1.467 mol) in DCM (2.5 L) cooled to 5°C is added ethoxycarbonyl isothiocyanate (173.0 mL, 1.467 mol) dropwise over 15 min. The reaction

mixture is then allowed to warm to room temp. (20 °C) and stirred for 16 h. Evaporation in vacuo gives a solid which may be collected by filtration, thoroughly washed with petrol (3 x 600 niL) and air-dried to afford the desired product. The thiourea may be used as such for the next step without any purification. lH (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 12.03 (1H, br s), 8.81 (1H, d), 8.15 (1H, br s), 7.60 (1H, t), 7.32 (1H, dd), 4.31 (2H, q), 1.35 (3H, t).

1.1.2.2. Step ii): 5-Bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-ylamine

[00207] To a suspension of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (101.8 g, 1.465 mol) in EtOH/MeOH (1 : 1, 900 mL) is added NN-diisopropylethylamine (145.3 mL, 0.879 mol) and the mixture is stirred at room temp. (20 °C) for 1 h. l-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea (2) (89.0 g, 0.293 mol) is then added and the mixture slowly heated to reflux (Note: bleach scrubber is required to quench H2S evolved). After 3h at reflux, the mixture is allowed to cool and filtered to collect the precipitated solid. Further product is collected by evaporation in vacuo of the filtrate, addition of H20 (250 mL) and filtration. The combined solids are washed successively with H20 (250 mL), EtOH/MeOH (1 : 1, 250 mL) and Et20 (250 mL) then dried in vacuo to afford the triazolopyridine derivative (3) as a solid. The compound may be used as such for the next step without any purification. lH (400 MHz, DMSO-i¼) δ 7.43-7.34 (2H, m, 2 x aromatic-H), 7.24 (1H, dd, J 6.8 and 1.8 Hz, aromatic-H), 6.30 (2H, br, NH2); m/z 213/215 (1 : 1, M+H+, 100%).

1.1.2.3. Step Hi): Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[l ,2,4]triazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide

[00208] To a solution of the 2-amino-triazolopyridine obtained in the previous step (7.10 g, 33.3 mmol) in dry MeCN (150 mL) at 5°C is added Et3N (11.6 mL, 83.3 mmol) followed by cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (83.3 mmol). The reaction mixture is then allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirred until all starting material is consumed. If required, further Et3N (4.64 mL, 33.3 mmol) and cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (33.3 mmol) is added to ensure complete reaction. Following solvent evaporation in vacuo the resultant residue is treated with 7 N methanolic ammonia solution (50 mL) and stirred at ambient temp, (for 1-16 h) to hydro lyse any bis-acylated product. Product isolation is made by removal of volatiles in vacuo followed by trituration with Et20 (50 mL). The solids are collected by filtration, washed with H20 (2x50mL), acetone (50 mL) and Et20 (50 mL), then dried in vacuo to give the desired compound.

1.1.3. Compound 1

[00209] 4-[4-(4,4,5,5-Tetramethyl-[l ,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzyl] hiomoφholine , l -dioxide (l . l eq.) is added to a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[l ,2,4]triazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide in 1 ,4-dioxane/water (4: 1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdC^dppf (0.03 eq.) are added to the solution. The resulting mixture is then heated in an oil bath at 90°C for 16h under N2. Water is added and the solution is extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers are dried over anhydrous MgS04 and evaporated in vacuo.

[00210] The final compound is obtained after purification by flash chromatography.

[00211] Alternatively, after completion of the reaction, a palladium scavenger such as 1 ,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, is added, the reaction mixture is allowed to cool down and a filtration is performed. The filter cake is reslurried in a suitable solvent (e.g. acetone), the solid is separated by filtration, washed with more acetone, and dried. The resulting solid is resuspended in water, aqueous HC1 is added, and after stirring at room temperature, the resulting solution is filtered on celite (Celpure P300). Aqueous NaOH is then added to the filtrate, and the resulting suspension is stirred at room temperature, the solid is separated by filtration, washed with water and dried by suction. Finally the cake is re-solubilised in a mixture of THF/H20, treated with a palladium scavenger (e.g. SMOPEX 234) at 50°C, the suspension is filtered, the organic solvents are removed by evaporation, and the resulting slurry is washed with water and methanol, dried and sieved, to obtain the desired compound as a free base.

1.2. Route 2

1.2.1. Step 1: cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-hydroxymethyl-phenyl)-[l,2, 4]triazolo[l, 5- a] pyridin-2-yl] -amide

[00212] 4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenylboronic acid (l . l eq.) is added to a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (5-bromo-[l ,2,4]triazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)-amide in 1 ,4-dioxane/water

(4:1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdC^dppf (0.03 eq.) are added to the solution. The resulting mixture is then heated in an oil bath at 90°C for 16h under N2. Water is added and the solution is extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers are dried over anhydrous MgS04 and evaporated in vacuo. The resulting mixture is used without further purification.

1.2.2. Step 2: Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-bromomethyl-phenyl)-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5- a Jpyridin-2-ylJ -amide

[00213] To a solution of cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-hydroxymethyl-phenyl)-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl] -amide (1.0 eq) in chloroform is slowly added phosphorus tribromide (1.0 eq.). The reaction mixture is stirred at room temperature for 20 h, quenched with ice and water (20 mL) and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer is dried over anhydrous MgSO i, filtered and concentrated to dryness. The resulting white residue is triturated in dichloromethane/diethyl ether 2:1 to afford the desired product.

1.2.3. Step 3:

[00214] Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [5-(4-bromomethyl-phenyl)-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]-amide (l eq) and DIPEA (2 eq) are dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5: 1 v:v) under N2 and thiomorpho line 1,1-dioxide (1.1 eq) is added dropwise. The resulting solution is stirred at room temperature for 16h. After this time, the reaction is complete. The solvent is evaporated. The compound is dissolved in DCM, washed with water and dried over anhydrous MgSO i. Organic layers are filtered and evaporated. The final compound is isolated by column chromatography using EtOAc to afford the desired product.

…………………

PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2013189771A1?cl=en

Example 1. Synthesis of the compounds

1.1. Route 1

1.1.1. Synthesis of 5-Bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-ylamine (Intermediate 3)

Figure imgf000030_0001

led to 5 °C was added ethoxycarbonyl isothiocyanate (173.0 mL, 1.467 mol) dropwise over 15 min. The reaction mixture was then allowed to warm to room temp. (20 °C) and stirred for 16 h. Evaporation in vacuo gave a solid which was collected by filtration, thoroughly washed with petrol (3×600 mL) and air-dried to afford (2). The thiourea was used as such in the next step without any purification.

[00157] lH (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 12.03 (IH, br s, NH), 8.81 (IH, d, J 7.8 Hz, H-3), 8.15 (IH, br s, NH), 7.60 (IH, t, J 8.0 Hz, H-4), 7.32 (IH, dd, J 7.7 and 0.6 Hz, H-5), 4.31 (2H, q, J 7.1 Hz, CH2), 1.35 (3H, t, J 7.1 Hz, CH3).

1.1.1.2. 5-Bromo-f 1,2, 4]triazolo[ 1 ,5-a] pyridin-2-ylamine (3)

[00158] To a suspension of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (101.8 g, 1.465 mol) in EtOH/MeOH (1 : 1, 900 mL) was added NN-diisopropylethylamine (145.3 mL, 0.879 mol) and the mixture was stirred at room temp. (20 °C) for 1 h. l-(6-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-3-carboethoxy-thiourea (2) (89.0 g, 0.293 mol) was then added and the mixture slowly heated to reflux (Note: bleach scrubber was required to quench H2S evolved). After 3 h at reflux, the mixture was allowed to cool and filtered to collect the precipitated solid. Further product was collected by evaporation in vacuo of the filtrate, addition of H20 (250 mL) and filtration. The combined solids were washed successively with H20 (250 mL), EtOH/MeOH (1 : 1, 250 mL) and Et20 (250 mL) then dried in vacuo to afford the triazolopyridine derivative (3) as a solid. The compound was used as such in the next step without any purification.

[00159] lH (400 MHz, DMSO-i¼) δ 7.43-7.34 (2H, m, 2 x aromatic-H), 7.24 (1H, dd, J 6.8 and 1.8 Hz, aromatic-H), 6.30 (2H, br, NH2); m/z 213/215 (1 : 1, M+H+, 100%).

1.1.2. Synthesis of 4-[ 4-(4, 4, 5, 5-Tetramethyl-f 1, 3,2] ‘ dioxaborolan-2-yl) -benzyl] ‘- thiomor holine- 1, 1 -dioxide (Intermediate 4)

Figure imgf000031_0001

[00160] 2-(4-Bromomethyl-phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolane (1 eq) and DIPEA (2 eq) were dissolved in DCM/MeOH (5:1 v:v) under N2 and thiomorpholine 1,1 -dioxide (2 eq) was added portion wise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 16h. After this time, the reaction was complete. The solvent was evaporated. The compound was extracted with EtOAc and water, washed with brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO i. Organic layers were filtered and evaporated. The final compound was isolated without further purification.

1.1.3. Synthesis of 5-[4-(l, l-Dioxothiomorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-phenyl]-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5- a ridin-2-ylamine (Formula I)

Figure imgf000031_0002

[00161] 4-[4-(4,4,5,5-Tetramethyl-[l,3,2]dioxaborolan-2-yl)-benzyl]-thiomorpholine-l,l-dioxide (l .leq.) was added to a solution of 5-bromo-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyrid in-2-ylamine (4: 1). K2CO3 (2 eq.) and PdC^dppf (0.03 eq.) were added to the solution. The resulting mixture was then heated in an oil bath at 90°C for 16h under N2. Water was added and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSC>4 and evaporated in vacuo. The final compound was obtained after purification by flash chromatography.

[00162] lH (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.94-7.92 (d, 2H), 7.52-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.37-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.02-7.00 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, 2H), 3.76 (d, 2H), 3.15-3.13 (m, 4H), 2.93-2.91 (m, 4H).

[00163] m/z 358.2 (M+H+, 100%). 1.2. Route 2

1.2.1. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {5-[4-(l, l-dioxo-thiomorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-phenylJ- [l,2,4]triazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-yl}-amide (Formula II)

[00164] The compound according to Formula II may be synthesized according to the procedure described in WO 2010/149769.

1.2.2. Synthesis of 5-[4-(l, l-Dioxothiomorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-phenyl]-[l,2,4]triazolo[l,5- aJpyridin-2-ylamine (Formula I)

[00165] The compound according to Formula I can also be produced by hydrolysis of the compound accor ing to Formula II:

Figure imgf000032_0001

[00166] Hydrochloric acid 30% aq (12.06 kg; 3.9 rel. volumes) was added to a slurry of the compound according to Formula II (3.45 kg; 1.0 equiv.) in demineralized water (10.0 kg; 3.0 rel. volumes). Subsequently, a line rinse was performed with demineralized water (3.4 kg; 1.0 rel. volumes). The reaction mixture was heated to 80±5°C for 14.5 h. After completion of the reaction (conversion > 99%>), the reaction mixture was cooled to 20±5°C. The reaction mixture was diluted with demineralized water (6.8 kg; 2.0 rel. volumes) and sodium hydroxide 33%> aq (9.52 kg; 3.7 rel volumes) was dosed at such a rate that the temperature of the reactor contents remained below 35°C. An additional amount of sodium hydroxide 33%> aq (2.55 kg; 1.0 rel. volumes) was needed to get the pH > 10. The product was filtered off, washed twice with demineralized water (1.5 rel. volumes) and dried under vacuum for 1 h, thus yielding the crude compound according to Formula I.

[00167] The crude compound according to Formula I (5.70 kg) was re-slurried in demineralized water (23.0 kg; 8.5 rel. volumes). Hydrochloric acid 30%> aq (1.65 kg; 0.7 rel. volumes) and demineralized water (4.3 kg; 1.6 rel. volumes) were added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 20±5°C for 45 min. As the compound according to Formula I was not dissolved completely, the reaction mixture was stirred at 45±5°C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the residue was washed with demineralized water (2.0 kg 0.75 rel. volumes). Sodium hydroxide 33%> aq (1.12 kg; 0.6 rel volumes) was added to the filtrate. An additional amount of sodium hydroxide 33%> aq (1.01 kg) was needed to get the pH > 10. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 20±5°C for about 3 h. The product was filtered off, washed twice with demineralized water (4.1 kg; 1.5 rel. volumes), and twice with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE; 3.0 kg; 1.5 rel. volumes) and dried under vacuum for 15.5 h on the filter. The product was further dried in a vacuum oven at 40±5°C for 202 h, thus affording the desired compound according to Formula I.

Update

WO-2016179207

Scheme 1: General S nthesis of Compounds of Formula I or A

Formula A

Scheme 7.

(16) (17) (18)

(18a): R3a=R3b=R2a=R (18b): R3a=R3b=D; R2a 18c): R3a=R3b=H; R2a

References

  1.  Namour, Florence; Diderichsen, Paul Matthias; Cox, Eugène; Vayssière, Béatrice; Van der Aa, Annegret; Tasset, Chantal; Van’t Klooster, Gerben (2015-02-14). “Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Filgotinib (GLPG0634), a Selective JAK1 Inhibitor, in Support of Phase IIB Dose Selection”. Clin Pharmacokinet. Epub ahead of print.doi:10.1007/s40262-015-0240-z.
  2.  Van Rompaey, L; Galien, R; Van der Aar, E; Clement-Lacroix, P; Van der Aar, E; Nelles, L; Smets, B; Lepescheux, L; Cristophe, T; Conrath, K; Vandeghinste, N; Vayssiere, B; De Vos, S; Fletcher, S; Brys, R; Van’t Klooster, G; Feyen, J; Menet, C (2013-10-01). “Preclinical characterization of GLPG0634, a selective inhibitor of JAK1 for the treatment of inflammatory diseases”. J Immunol. 191(7). doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1201348.
  3.  http://acrabstracts.org/abstracts/phase-1-and-phase-2-data-confirm-that-glpg0634-a-selective-jak1-inhibitor-has-a-low-potential-for-drug-drug-interactions/
  4.  “Galapagos’ GLPG0634 shows excellent efficacy and safety in rheumatoid arthritis Phase II study” (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  5.  “Galapagos reports that the last patient in DARWIN 1 has completed 12 weeks of treatment” (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  6.  “Galapagos completes recruitment for Darwin 1 study with GLPG0634 (filgotinib) in RA”EuroInvestor. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  7.  NASDAQ OMX Corporate Solutions. “Galapagos completes recruitment for Darwin 2 monotherapy study with GLPG0634 (filgotinib) in RA”Yahoo Finance. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
US8551980 Nov 17, 2010 Oct 8, 2013 Bayer Intellectual Property Gmbh Substituted triazolopyridines
US8796457 Jun 25, 2010 Aug 5, 2014 Galapagos Nv Compound useful for the treatment of degenerative and inflammatory diseases
Filgotinib
Filgotinib.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[5-[4-[(1,1-dioxo-1,4-thiazinan-4-yl)methyl]phenyl]-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Biological half-life 6 hours[1]
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number 1206161-97-8 Yes
ATC code L01XE18
IUPHAR/BPS 7913
ChemSpider 28189566 Yes
UNII 3XVL385Q0M Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL3301607 
Chemical data
Formula C21H23N5O3S
Molecular mass 425.50402 g/mol
Patent Submitted Granted
Compound useful for the treatment of degenerative and inflammatory diseases [US8088764] 2010-12-30 2012-01-03
NOVEL COMPOUNDS USEFUL FOR THE TREATMENT OF DEGENERATIVE AND INFLAMMATORY DISEASES [US2011190260] 2011-08-04

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 amcrasto@gmail.com

09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON

He was only in first standard in school when I was hit by a deadly one in a million spine stroke called acute transverse mylitis, it made me 90% paralysed and bound to a wheel chair, Now I keep him as my source of inspiration and helping millions, thanks to millions of my readers who keep me going and help me to keep my son happy

सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से

जिंदगी चल जाये।

औकात बस इतनी देना,

कि औरों का भला हो जाये।

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL  

/////////Galapagos,  GLPG0634, Filgotinib, PHASE 2, orphan drug designation, PHASE 3,  Crohn’s disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ulceraticolitis

ve SMILES code: O=C(C1CC1)NC2=NN3C(C4=CC=C(CN5CCS(CC5)(=O)=O)C=C4)=CC=CC3=N2

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