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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Xanomeline (LY-246,708; Lumeron, Memcor) ксаномелин , كسانوميلين , 诺美林 ,


Xanomeline.png

Xanomeline (LY-246,708LumeronMemcor)

CAS 131986-45-3

  • Molecular FormulaC14H23N3OS
  • Average mass281.417 Da
ксаномелин كسانوميلين 诺美林 
Hexyloxy-TZTP
5-[4-(Hexyloxy)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl]-1-méthyl-1,2,3,6-tétrahydropyridine
Xanomeline(LY246708) is a selective M1 muscarinic receptor agonist.
Pyridine, 3-[4-(hexyloxy)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl]-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methyl-
Xanomeline(LY246708) is a selective M1 muscarinic receptor agonist. in vitro: Xanomeline had high affinity for muscarinic receptors in brain homogenates, but had substantially less or no affinity for a number of other neurotransmitter receptors and uptake sites. In cells stably expressing genetic m1 receptors, xanomeline increased phospholipid hydrolysis in CHO, BHK and A9 L cells to 100, 72 and 55% of the nonselective agonist carbachol. In isolated tissues, xanomeline had high affinity for M1 receptors in the rabbit vas deferens (IC50 = 0.006 nM), low affinity for M2 receptors in guinea pig atria (EC50 = 3 microM), was a weak partial agonist in guinea pig ileum and was neither an agonist nor antagonist in guinea pig bladder. Xanomeline produced small increases in striatal acetylcholine levels and did not antagonize the large increases in acetylcholine produced by the nonselective muscarinic agonist oxotremorine, indicating that xanomeline did not block M2 autoreceptors. in vivo: Xanomeline increased striatal levels of dopamine metabolites, presumably by acting at M1 heteroreceptors on dopamine neurons to increase dopamine release. In contrast, xanomeline had only a relatively small effect on acetylcholine levels in brain, indicating that it is devoid of actions at muscarinic autoreceptors. The effects of xanomeline on ex vivo binding and DOPAC levels lasted for about 3 hr and were evident after oral administration. An analog of xanomeline with similar in vivo effects did not inhibit acetylcholinesterase or choline acetyltransferase and inhibited choline uptake only at concentrations much higher than those required to inhibit binding. These data indicate xanomeline is selective agonist for M1 over M2 and M3 receptors in vivo in rat.
Xanomeline (LY-246,708LumeronMemcor) is a muscarinic acetylcholine receptor agonist with reasonable selectivity for the M1 and M4 subtypes,[1][2][3][4] though it is also known to act as a M5 receptor antagonist.[5] It has been studied for the treatment of both Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia, particularly the cognitive and negative symptoms,[6] although gastrointestinal side effects led to a high drop-out rate in clinical trials.[7][8] Despite this, xanomeline has been shown to have reasonable efficacy for the treatment of schizophrenia symptoms, and one recent human study found robust improvements in verbal learning and short-term memoryassociated with xanomeline treatment.[9]
Image result for Xanomeline

Xanomeline oxalate

CAS No.:141064-23-5,

Molecular Weight, :371.45,

Molecular Formula, :C16H25N3O5S

5‐[4‐(hexyloxy)‐1,2,5‐thiadiazol‐3‐yl]‐1‐methyl‐1,2,3,6‐tetrahydropyridine; oxalic acid

SEE………..

Title: Xanomeline

CAS Registry Number: 131986-45-3

CAS Name: 3-[4-(Hexyloxy)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-3-yl]-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methylpyridine

Molecular Formula: C14H23N3OS

Molecular Weight: 281.42

Percent Composition: C 59.75%, H 8.24%, N 14.93%, O 5.69%, S 11.39%

Literature References: Selective muscarinic M1-receptor agonist.

Prepn: P. Sauerberg, P. H. Olesen, EP384288 (1990 to Ferrosan); eidem,US5043345 (1991 to Novo Nordisk); eidemet al.,J. Med. Chem.35, 2274 (1992).

Prepn of crystalline tartrate: L. M. Osborne et al.,WO9429303 (1994 to Novo Nordisk).

Muscarinic receptor binding study: H. E. Shannon et al.,J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.269, 271 (1994). Pharmacology: F. P. Bymaster et al.,ibid. 282.

HPLC determn in plasma: C. L. Hamilton et al.,J. Chromatogr.613, 365 (1993).

Derivative Type: Oxalate

CAS Registry Number: 141064-23-5

Molecular Formula: C14H23N3OS.C2H2O4

Molecular Weight: 371.45

Percent Composition: C 51.74%, H 6.78%, N 11.31%, O 21.54%, S 8.63%

Properties: Crystals from acetone, mp 148°.

Melting point: mp 148°

Derivative Type: (+)-L-Hydrogen tartrate

CAS Registry Number: 152854-19-8

Additional Names: Xanomeline tartrate

Manufacturers’ Codes: LY-246708; NNC-11-0232

Trademarks: Lomeron (Lilly); Memcor (Lilly)

Molecular Formula: C14H23N3OS.C4H6O6

Molecular Weight: 431.50

Percent Composition: C 50.10%, H 6.77%, N 9.74%, O 25.95%, S 7.43%

Properties: Crystals from 2-propanol, mp 95.5°.

Melting point: mp 95.5°

Therap-Cat: Cholinergic; nootropic.

Keywords: Cholinergic; Nootropic.

SYNTHESIS WILL BE UPDATED

Image result for Xanomeline

Image result for Xanomeline

EP 0384288; US 5260311; US 5264444; US 5328925, US 5834495; WO 9429303, EP 0687265; JP 1996507298; WO 9420495
The reaction of pyridine-3-carbaldehyde (I) with KCN in acetic acid, followed by a treatment with NH4Cl in aqueous NH4OH yields 2-amino-2-(3-pyridyl)acetonitrile (II), which is cyclized to 3-chloro-4-(3-pyridyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazole (III) by a treatment with S2Cl2 in DMF. The reaction of (III) with sodium hexyloxide in hexanol yields 3-(hexyloxy)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1,2,5-thiadiazole (IV), which is treated with methyl iodide in acetone to afford the corresponding N-methylpyridinium salt (V). Finally, this compound is hydrogenated with NaBH4 in ethanol and salified with oxalic or L-tartaric acid in acetone or isopropanol.

Figure

PAPER

Image result for Xanomeline nmr

http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/6/3/142/htm

Xanomeline (39) has emerged as one of the most potent unbridged arecoline derivatives. It has higher potency and efficacy for m1 and m4 than for m2, m3 and m5 receptor subtypes [73], binds to the m1receptor subtype uniquely tightly [74,75] and stimulates phosphoinositide hydrolysis in the brain. In cells containing human m1 receptors which are stably expressing amyloid precursor protein (APP), xanomeline (39) stimulates APP release with a potency 1000 greater than carbachol and reduces the secretion of Aβ by 46% [76] (cf 2.6 Central nervous system). In patients with Alzheimer’s disease, it halted cognitive decline and reduced behavioural symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions and vocal outbursts [77,78]. As might be expected there have been numerous attempts to prepare analogues with comparable potency and efficacy. Transplanting the thiadiazole ring of xanomeline to a range of bicyclic amines reduced selectivity [79,80] as did the use of pyrazine analogues (40) [81].

Paper

J Med Chem 1992,35(12),2274-83

see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/jm00090a019

PAPER

Classics in Chemical Neuroscience: Xanomeline

 Vanderbilt Center for Neuroscience Drug Discovery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States
 Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States
§ Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States
ACS Chem. Neurosci.20178 (3), pp 435–443
DOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00001
Publication Date (Web): January 31, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

Abstract

Abstract Image

Xanomeline (1) is an orthosteric muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonist, often referred to as M1/M4-preferring, that received widespread attention for its clinical efficacy in schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients. Despite the compound’s promising initial clinical results, dose-limiting side effects limited further clinical development. While xanomeline, and related orthosteric muscarinic agonists, have yet to receive approval from the FDA for the treatment of these CNS disorders, interest in the compound’s unique M1/M4-preferring mechanism of action is ongoing in the field of chemical neuroscience. Specifically, the promising cognitive and behavioral effects of xanomeline in both schizophrenia and AD have spurred a renewed interest in the development of safer muscarinic ligands with improved subtype selectivity for either M1 or M4. This Review will address xanomeline’s overall importance in the field of neuroscience, with a specific focus on its chemical structure and synthesis, pharmacology, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics (DMPK), and adverse effects.

PAPER

References

  1. Jump up^ Farde L, Suhara T, Halldin C, et al. (1996). “PET study of the M1-agonists [11C]xanomeline and [11C]butylthio-TZTP in monkey and man”. Dementia (Basel, Switzerland)7 (4): 187–95. PMID 8835881.
  2. Jump up^ Jakubík J, Michal P, Machová E, Dolezal V (2008). “Importance and prospects for design of selective muscarinic agonists” (PDF). Physiological Research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca. 57 Suppl 3: S39–47. PMID 18481916.
  3. Jump up^ Woolley ML, Carter HJ, Gartlon JE, Watson JM, Dawson LA (January 2009). “Attenuation of amphetamine-induced activity by the non-selective muscarinic receptor agonist, xanomeline, is absent in muscarinic M4 receptor knockout mice and attenuated in muscarinic M1 receptor knockout mice”European Journal of Pharmacology603 (1-3): 147–9. PMID 19111716doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.12.020.
  4. Jump up^ Heinrich JN, Butera JA, Carrick T, et al. (March 2009). “Pharmacological comparison of muscarinic ligands: historical versus more recent muscarinic M1-preferring receptor agonists”European Journal of Pharmacology605 (1-3): 53–6. PMID 19168056doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.12.044.
  5. Jump up^ Grant MK, El-Fakahany EE (October 2005). “Persistent binding and functional antagonism by xanomeline at the muscarinic M5 receptor”The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics315 (1): 313–9. PMID 16002459doi:10.1124/jpet.105.090134.
  6. Jump up^ Lieberman JA, Javitch JA, Moore H (August 2008). “Cholinergic agonists as novel treatments for schizophrenia: the promise of rational drug development for psychiatry”The American Journal of Psychiatry165 (8): 931–6. PMID 18676593doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08050769.
  7. Jump up^ Messer WS (2002). “The utility of muscarinic agonists in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease”. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience : MN19 (1-2): 187–93. PMID 12212779doi:10.1007/s12031-002-0031-5.
  8. Jump up^ Mirza NR, Peters D, Sparks RG (2003). “Xanomeline and the antipsychotic potential of muscarinic receptor subtype selective agonists”. CNS Drug Reviews9 (2): 159–86. PMID 12847557doi:10.1111/j.1527-3458.2003.tb00247.x.
  9. Jump up^ Shekhar A, Potter WZ, Lightfoot J, et al. (August 2008). “Selective muscarinic receptor agonist xanomeline as a novel treatment approach for schizophrenia”The American Journal of Psychiatry165 (8): 1033–9. PMID 18593778doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.06091591.
Xanomeline
Xanomeline.png
Clinical data
ATC code
  • None
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard 100.208.938
Chemical and physical data
Formula C14H23N3OS
Molar mass 281.42 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)

///////XanomelineLY 246708, LumeronMemcor, ксаномелин كسانوميلين 诺美林 allosteric modulation, Alzheimer’s disease, antipsychotic,  muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, schizophrenia, 

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TAK-058 (ENV-8058)


 

TAK-058 , ENV-8058

5-HT 3 receptor antagonist

Envoy Therapeutics, Inc.

1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide

l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5 .7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.11nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide

1-(1-methyl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)-N- ((1R,5S,7S)- 9-methyl-3- oxa-9-azabicyclo [3.3.1]nonan-7- yl)-1H-indole-3- carboxamide, 2,2,2- trifluoroacetic acid salt

N-(9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1-(1-methylpyrazol-4-yl)indole-3-carboxamide

Molecular Formula: C21H25N5O2
Molecular Weight: 379.4555 g/mol

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02153099

Phase I Schizophrenia

Company Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
Description Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist
Molecular Target Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor
Mechanism of Action Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Phase I
Standard Indication Schizophrenia
Indication Details Treat schizophrenia
  • 01 Dec 2015 Phase-I clinical trials in Schizophrenia (Combination therapy) in USA (PO)
  • 01 Dec 2015 Takeda completes a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (NCT02389881)
  • 28 Nov 2015 Takeda plans a phase I trial in Schizophrenia (Combination therapy) in USA (NCT02614586)

SCHEMBL15440852.png

1 -( 1 -methyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide, free base, which is an antagonist of the 5-HT3 receptor. 1 -(1 -Methyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt, is disclosed in PCT Publication No. WO

2014/014951, published January 23, 2014.

 

1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, useful for treating anxiety, depression, eating disorder, schizophrenia, cognitive dysfunction, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s Chorea, presenile dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and atherosclerosis.

This compound was originally claimed in WO2014014951,  Takeda, following its acquisition of Envoy Therapeutics, is developing TAK-058 (ENV-8058), a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, as an oral solution for treating schizophrenia, especially cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia.

In July 2015, the drug was listed as being in phase I development. TAK-058 may have emerged from a schizophrenia therapy program which used Envoy’s bacTRAP translational profiling technology to identify a protein target in the brain.

PATENT

WO2014014951

Example 5

Synthesis of l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5 .7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.11nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide. 2.2.2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

Step 1 : methyl 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylate. TFA

To a sealed tube was added copper(I) iodide (65.2 mg, 0.342 mmol), methyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate (200 mg, 1.142 mmol) and potassium phosphate (509 mg, 2.397 mmol), then the reaction vessel was evacuated and purged with nitrogen (3x). Next, 4-bromo-l-methyl-lH-pyrazole (184 mg, 1.142 mmol) and (lR,2R)- ,N2-dimethylcyclohexane-l,2-diamine (109 μΐ, 0.685 mmol) were added, followed by toluene (1 142 μΐ). The reaction tube was evacuated and purged with nitrogen, then sealed and heated at 1 10 °C for 24 h. HPLC purification provided the title compound as a colorless oil.

Step 2: 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride

To a solution of methyl 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylate, TFA

(3.5 mg, 9.48 μιηοΐ) in MeOH (95 μΐ) was added a solution of aq. KOH (33.2 μΐ, 0.066 mmol, 2 M). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight, then acidified with IN HC1.

The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was dried under vacuum overnight. The title compound was used without further purification.

Step 3 : l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5 .7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclor3.3.11nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

To a mixture of 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (2.6 mg, 9.36 μιηοΐ) in DMF (187 μΐ) was added HATU (4.27 mg, 0.01 1 mmol) and DIPEA (8.18 μΐ, 0.047 mmol). After the reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 15 min, (lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-amine, TFA (3.04 mg, 0.01 1 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 h. HPLC purification afforded the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 380.30 (M+l).

 

PATENT

WO-2016053947

EXAMPLE 1 : l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonan-7-yl)- lH-indole-3-carboxamide

l-(l-Methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylic acid (128.7 g, 0.53 mol,) and anhydrous THF (645 mL) was heated to about 43°C. Oxalyl chloride (137.7 g, 92 mL, 1.08 mol) was added dropwise between 40 and 50°C. Gas evolution ceased in approximately 30 minutes. The resulting suspension was stirred for 2 hours at 50°C, allowed to cool to room temperature, and then stirred overnight. The suspension was diluted with heptane (1.5 L), stirred for 10 minutes, and allowed to settle. The supernatant was removed. The addition of heptane (1.5 L), followed by stirring, settling, and decanting was repeated two more times.

The resulting suspension was diluted with anhydrous THF (645 mL) and the ratio between THF and heptane was determined by NMR to be 3:2. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5°C and to the mixture was added DIPEA base (138 g, 1.07 mol) at such a rate that the temperature did not exceed 20°C. Next (li?,55*,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-amine (101.4 g, 0.63 mol) in 500 mL of anhydrous THF was added. The reaction mixture was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred at 20 to 23°C overnight to give a suspension.

The suspension was filtered and the cake was dissolved in IN HC1 (2.6 L). The aqueous layer was washed with EtOAc (3 x 2.6 L). The aqueous layer was cooled to 5°C and was basified to pH 12 with aqueous potassium hydroxide (230 g) solution in water (500 mL). The mixture was stirred at 5 to 10°C overnight to give a solid. The product was filtered, washed with water (2 x 1.2 L), followed by MTBE (2 x 1.2 L), and then dried to give 128 g (64%) of the (crude) title compound.

Patent

https://www.google.co.in/patents/US20140024644

1-(1-methyl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)-N- ((1R,5S,7S)- 9-methyl-3- oxa-9-azabicyclo [3.3.1]nonan-7- yl)-1H-indole-3- carboxamide, 2,2,2- trifluoroacetic acid salt

Synthetic Procedures Reference 1 Synthesis of (1R,5S,7S)-tert-butyl 7-hydroxy-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-9-carboxylate

  • Sodium borohydride (259 mg, 6.84 mmol) was added portion-wise to a solution of (1R,5S)-tert-butyl 7-oxo-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-9-carboxylate (550 mg, 2.279 mmol) in MeOH (4559 μl) at 0° C. After 5 min, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to RT then stirred for 30 min. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, dissolved in EtOAc and washed with brine. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound as a white solid, which was used without further purification.

 

Example 4 Synthesis of N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

  • A mixture of 1-((1-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide 2,2,2-trifluoroacetate (85 mg, 0.149 mmol) and 10% Pd—C (120 mg) in MeOH (1.0 ml) was stirred at RT under H2 for 2 days. Filtration and concentration afforded the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 366.20 (M+1).

Example 5 Synthesis of 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

Step 1: methyl 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate, TFA

  • To a sealed tube was added copper(I) iodide (65.2 mg, 0.342 mmol), methyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate (200 mg, 1.142 mmol) and potassium phosphate (509 mg, 2.397 mmol), then the reaction vessel was evacuated and purged with nitrogen (3×). Next, 4-bromo-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole (184 mg, 1.142 mmol) and (1R,2R)—N1,N2-dimethylcyclohexane-1,2-diamine (109 μl, 0.685 mmol) were added, followed by toluene (1142 μl). The reaction tube was evacuated and purged with nitrogen, then sealed and heated at 110° C. for 24 h. HPLC purification provided the title compound as a colorless oil.

Step 2: 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride

  • To a solution of methyl 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate, TFA (3.5 mg, 9.48 μmol) in MeOH (95 μl) was added a solution of aq. KOH (33.2 μl, 0.066 mmol, 2 M). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight, then acidified with 1N HCl. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was dried under vacuum overnight. The title compound was used without further purification.

Step 3: 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

  • To a mixture of 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (2.6 mg, 9.36 μmol) in DMF (187 μl) was added HATU (4.27 mg, 0.011 mmol) and DIPEA (8.18 μl, 0.047 mmol). After the reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 15 min, (1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-amine, TFA (3.04 mg, 0.011 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 h. HPLC purification afforded the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 380.30 (M+1).

 

 

 

15 TFA

 

379.456 MW 380.30  MS +1

 

Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015182533 2015-07-02 5-HT3 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS
US2014024644 2014-01-23 5-HT3 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS

/////////TAK-058 , ENV-8058, phase I, takeda, 5-HT 3 receptor antagonist, Envoy Therapeutics, Inc., Phase I,  Schizophrenia

C12CC(CC(N1C)COC2)NC(c4c3ccccc3n(c4)c5cnn(c5)C)=O

CN1C=C(C=N1)N2C=C(C3=CC=CC=C32)C(=O)NC4CC5COCC(C4)N5C

SUVN-D4010 from Suven Life Sciences Ltd


str1

1H-​Indazole, 3-​[5-​[1-​(3-​methoxypropyl)​-​4-​piperidinyl]​-​1,​3,​4-​oxadiazol-​2-​yl]​-​1-​(1-​methylethyl)​-

CAS BASE  1428862-32-1, C21 H29 N5 O2, 383.49

str1

SUVN-D4010

C21 H29 N5 O2 . C2 H2 O4

1H-​Indazole, 3-​[5-​[1-​(3-​methoxypropyl)​-​4-​piperidinyl]​-​1,​3,​4-​oxadiazol-​2-​yl]​-​1-​(1-​methylethyl)​-​, ethanedioate (1:1)

1-isopropyl-3-{5-[1-(3-methoxypropyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-1H-indazole oxalate

l-isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy propyl) piperidin-4-yl]- [l,3>4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate salt

SUVN-1004028; SUVN-D-1208045; SUVN-D1003019; SUVN-D1104010; SUVN-D1108121;

l-ISOPROPYL-3-{5-[l-(3-METHOXYPROPYL) PIPERIDIN-4-YL]-[l,3,4]OXADIAZOL-2-YL}-1H-INDAZOLE OXALATE

OXALATE CAS  1428862-33-2

IN 2011CH03203, WO2013042135, WO 2015092804,

In phase I, for treating cognitive dysfunction associated with Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia and neurological diseases.

Suven Life Sciences Limited, Phase I Alzheimer’s disease; Schizophrenia

https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02575482

  • Class Antidementias
  • Mechanism of Action Serotonin 4 receptor agonists

Used as 5-HT4 receptor agonist for treating Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive disorders, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Parkinson’s and schizophrenia

  • 05 Jan 2016Suven Life Sciences has patent protection for chemical entities targeting serotonin receptors for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders in Canada, Africa and South Korea
  • 11 Dec 2015Suven Life Sciences receives patent allowance for chemical entities targeting serotonin receptors in Eurasia, Europe, Israel and Macau
  • 02 Nov 2015SUVN D4010 is available for licensing as of 02 Nov 2015. http://www.suven.com

SUVN-D4010 for Cognition in Alzheimer’s disease commenced Phase 1 Clinical Trial in USA under US-IND 126099

HYDERABAD, INDIA (Sept 02, 2015)  – Suven Life Sciences today informed that their NCE SUVN-D4010 has commenced Phase 1 clinical trial in USA. SUVN-D4010 is a potent, selective, brain penetrant and orally active 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist for the treatment of cognitive dysfunction associated with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. Suven submitted Investigational New Drug Application (IND) to US FDA to conduct Phase-1 clinical trial for Cognition in Alzheimer’s Disease, under 505(1) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) which was assigned an IND number 126099.

Based on the IND# 126099, “A Single Center, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized, Phase 1 Study to Evaluate the safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of SUVN-D4010 after Single Ascending Doses and Multiple Ascending Doses in Healthy Male Subjects” for Cognition in Alzheimer’s Disease is underway in USA

“We are very pleased that the third compound from our pipeline of molecules in CNS has moved into clinical trial that is being developed for cognitive disorders in Alzheimer’s and Schizophrenia, a high unmet medical need which has huge market potential globally” says Venkat Jasti, CEO of Suven.

Suven Life Science is a biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing novel pharmaceutical products, which are first in class or best in class CNS therapies through the use of GPCR targets.Suven has 3 clinical stage compounds, a Phase 2 initiated candidate SUVN-502, Phase 1 completed candidate SUVN-G3031 and Phase 1 initiated candidate SUVN-D4010 for Alzheimer’s disease and Schizophrenia. In addition to that the Company has ten (10) internally-discovered therapeutic drug candidates currently in pre-clinical stage of development targeting conditions such as ADHD, dementia, depression, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and pain

SUVEN Life Sciences Ltd

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder of advanced age characterized by loss of memory, accumulation of amyloid beta protein (Αβ) deposits and decreased levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Approximately forty percent of AD patients suffer from significant depression. 5-HT4 receptor partial agonists may be of benefit for both the symptomatic and disease-modifying treatment for AD and may offer improved clinical efficacy and/or tolerability relative to acetylcholine esterase inhibitors. 5-HT4 receptor agonists also have antidepressant like properties (Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 2007, 7, 1357-1374; Experimental Neurology, 2007, 203(1), 274- 278; Neuroscience & Medicine, 201 1 , 2, 87 – 92; Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2007, 33 (5), 1 100 – 1 1 19).

1 -Isopropyl-3 – { 5 – [ 1 -(3 -methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl] – [ 1 ,3 ,4]oxadiazol-2-y 1 } -1 H-indazole oxalate of formula (I) is a promising pharmaceutical agent, which is a potent, selective and orally bioavailable 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist intended for both disease modifying and symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders of memory and cognition like Attention deficient hyperactivity,

Parkinson’s and Schizophrenia. . In addition to the pro-cognitive effects, the compound also demonstrated dose dependent antidepressant like effects in the mouse forced swim test. l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate and its synthesis is disclosed by Ramakrishna et al. in WO2013042135.

At present, l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3,4] oxadiazol-2-yl}-l H-indazole oxalate of formula (I) has completed preclinical studies and is ready to enter human clinical trials. The demand for l-Isopropyl-3-{ 5- [ 1 -(3 -methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]- [ 1 ,3 ,4]oxadiazol-2-yl } – 1 H-indazole oxalate of formula (I) as a drug substance would be increased substantially with the advent of its human clinical trials. The future need for much larger amounts is projected due to the intended commercialization of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l ,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate of formula (I).

For the person skilled in art, it is a well known fact that various parameters will change during the manufacturing of a compound on a large scale when compared to the synthetic procedures followed in laboratory. Therefore, there is a need to establish and optimize large scale manufacturing process. The process for the preparation of l -Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l ,3,4] oxadiazol-2-yl}-l H-indazole oxalate of formula (I) which was disclosed in WO2013042135 had been proved to be unsatisfactory for the large scale synthesis. Eventually, it is highly desirable to establish optimized manufacturing process for l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l ,3,4] oxadiazol-2-yl}-l H-indazole oxalate of formula (I) which is amenable to the large scale preparation.

PATENT

WO2013042135

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2013042135A1?cl=en

Example 3: Preparation of l-isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy propyl) piperidin-4-yl]- [l,3>4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate salt

Step (i): Preparation of l-isopropyI-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy propyl) piperidin-4-yI]- [l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazo!e

To the mixture of l-isopropyl-lH-indazole-3-carboxylic acid hydrazide (15.0 grams, 68.8 mmol) and l-(3-Methoxy propyl)-piperidine-4-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (20.9 grams, 88.2 mmol, obtained in preparation 7) cooled at 0 °C was added phosphoryl chloride (130 mL). The reaction temperature was gradually raised to 100 °C and stirred was 2 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, it was cooled to 0 °C and triturated with hexanes (3 x 250 mL). The crude product was basified with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with 5% methanol in dichloromethane. The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography to obtain l-isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy propyl) piperidin-4-yl]- [l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole (15.78 grams)

Yield: 59 %.

Ή – NMR (CDCb): δ 8.35 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (t, J *= 7.0 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 5.05-4.90 (m, 1H), 3.44 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 3.15-2.97 (m, 3H), 2.48 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.26-2.02 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.67 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 384.5 (M+H)+.

Step (ii): Preparation of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy-propyl)-piperidin-4-yl]- [l,3,4]oxadiazoI-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate salt

To a stirred solution of l-isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy propyl) piperidin-4-yl]- [l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole (12.55 grams, 32.7 mmol, obtained in the above step) in 2-propanol (200 mL), oxalic acid (4.12 grams, 32.7 mmol) was added. After stirring at room temperature for 1 hour the reaction was further diluted with 2-propanol and refluxed for 2 hours. The crystalline product which was precipitated after cooling the reaction mixture to room temperature was filtered, dried under vacuum to obtain 1- isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxy propyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH- indazole oxalate salt (16.4 grams)

Yield: 88 %

Ή – NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 8.18 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.23 – 5.10 (m, 1H), 3.50 – 3.40 (m, 3H), 3.37 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 2H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.10 -2.96 (m, 4H), 2.35 – 2.25 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.02 (m, 2H), 1.94 – 1.85 (m, 2H), 1.53 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 384.3 (M+H)+.

 

 

Patent

WO2016027277

The large scale manufacturing process for preparation of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l ,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate of

Scheme-1

Preparation 1: Preparation of l-Isopropyl-lH-indazoIe-3-carboxylic acid

To a stirred solution of dimethylformamide (DMF) (50 L) at 25 °C to 30 °C under nitrogen atmosphere, sodium tert-butoxide (6.0 Kg, 62.43 mols) was added over a period of 15 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred for 10 minutes after which it was cooled to 0 °C to 5 °C. A solution of indazole-3-carboxylic acid (4.0 Kg, 24.67 mols) in DMF (50 L) was added slowly into the reactor over a period of 45 minutes, maintaining the reaction mass temperature at 0 °C to 5 °C. The cooling was removed and the reaction temperature was gradually raised to 25 °C to 30 °C over a period of 30 minutes. After stirring at this temperature for 1 hour the reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and isopropyl iodide (6.32 Kg, 37.18 mo!s) was added over a period of 30 minutes. The cooling was removed and the reaction temperature was allowed to rise to 25 °C to 30 °C. After 17 hours of stirring, the HPLC analysis of the reaction mixture revealed <10 % of indazole-7-carboxylic acid remaining. The reaction mass was diluted cautiously with water (200 L) and washed with ethylacetate (2 x 100 L). The resultant aqueous layer was acidified to 4.0 – 4.5 pH with aqueous hydrochloride solution (6.0 N, 21.5 L) and extracted with ethylacetate (2 x 144 L). The combined organic layer was washed with water (2 x 100 L), brine solution (200 L) and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (4.0 Kg). The filtered organic layer was subjected to solvent removal under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 50 °C to 60 °C to obtain a crude mass. The obtained crude mass was diluted with dichloromethane (DCM) (28.0 L) and was stirred for 15 minutes. The solids precipitated (un-reacted indazole-7-carboxylic acid) were filtered through nutsche filter and the filter bed was washed once with DCM (8.0 L). The combined filtrate was distilled under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 45 °C to 55 °C to obtain a crude mass which was stirred with ether (7.0 L) for 30 minutes and filtered through nutsche filter to obtain the wet solid which was dried further in vacuum oven under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 45 °C to 55 °C to obtain above titled compound (3.0 Kg) as an off-white crystalline powder.

Yield: 59.5 %;

Purity: 99.86 %;

IR (cm-‘): 2980, 1729, 1682, 1487, 1287, 1203, 1 170, 1 127, 1085, 754;

Ή-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13): 8.27 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), .7.46 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 5.01 – 4.95 (m, 1H), 1 .68 (d, J = 6.65 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 205.1 (M+H)+.

Preparation 2: Preparation of l-(3-Methoxypropyl) piperidine-4-carboxyIic acid hydrazide

Step (i): Preparation of Ethyl 1 -(3-methoxj propyl) piperidine-4-carboxylate

To a stirred solution of acetonitrile (97.5 L) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25 °C to 30 °C, ethyl isonipecotate (6.5 Kg, 41.35 mols) was added. The contents were stirred for 10 minutes after which potassium carbonate powder (7.35 Kg, 53.2 mols) and l-Bromo-3-methoxy propane (6.89 Kg, 45.0 mols) were sequentially added. The reaction mixture was gradually heated to reflux (82 °C – 85 °C) over a period of 30 minutes and was maintained at this temperature for 7 hours. At this time, the TLC revealed complete consumption of ethylisonipecotate. The volatiles were distilled off under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 50 °C to 60 °C. The crude mass was cooled to 25 °C to 30 °C and was diluted with water (71.5 L) and DCM (136.5 L). After stirring the contents the two layers were separated. The organic layer was washed with water (71.5 L), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (6.5 Kg) and the volatiles were removed under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 50 °C to 55 °C to obtain the desired product (9.3 Kg) as pale yellow colored liquid.

Yield: 98 %;

Purity: 98.8 %;

IR (cm‘): 2949, 1732, 1449, 1376, 1 179, 11 19, 1048;

Ή-NMR (6 ppm, CDC13): 4.06 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.37 – 3.34 (t, J – 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 2.83 – 2.80 (m, 2H), 2.34 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.22 – 2.18 (m, 1H), 1.96 – 1.94 (m, 2H), 1.85 – 1.82 (m, 2H), 1.74 -1.68 (m, 4H), 1.19 (t, J= 7.04 Hz, 3H);

Mass (m/z): 230.4 (M+H)+.

Step (ii): Preparation of l-(3-Methoxypropyl) piperidine-4-carboxylic acid hydrazide

To a stirred solution of methanol (38 L) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25 °C to 30 °C, ethyl l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidine-4-carboxylate (5.0 Kg, 21.8 mols, obtained in above step) was added. After stirring the reaction mixture for 15 minutes, hydrazine hydrate (80 % w/v, 4.1 Kg, 65.4 mols) was added over a period of 15 minutes. The reaction mixture was gradually heated to reflux (70 °C) over 30 minutes and continued stirring for 4 hours. Additional amount of hydrazine hydrate (80 % w/v, 4.1 Kg, 65.4 mols) was added and the stirring continued for another 4 hours. Another installment of hydrazine hydrate (80 % w/v, 4.1 Kg, 65.4 mols) was added and the stirring was continued for 16 hours at 70 °C, upon which the Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) reveals < 5 % of ester. The volatiles were distilled off under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 60 °C until syrupy mass appeared. After cooling syrypy mass to room temperature (25 °C – 30 °C), it was diluted with DCM (38.0 L) and was stirred for 15 minutes. The observed two layers were then separated. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (5.0 Kg) and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 55 °C until dryness. The solid product which was separated was cooled to 25 °C to 30 °C, diluted with hexanes (15.0 L) and the resultant slurry was filtered at nutsche filter. The filter bed was washed once with hexanes (15.0 L) and ethylacetate (2 x 10.0 L). The product cake was vacuum dried and the solid material thus separated was further dried in vacuum oven under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) at 50 °C for 6 hours to obtain the above titled compound (4.1 Kg) as an off-white crystalline powder.

Yield: 87 %;

Purity: 99.79 %;

IR (cm-‘): 3290, 3212, 2948, 2930, 1637, 1530, 1378, 1 124, 1 1 13, 986, 948, 789, 693;

Ή-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13): 6.83 (s, 1H), 3.86 (bs, 2H), 3.41 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.32 (s, 3H), 2.99 – 2.96 (m, 2H), 2.42 (t, J= 7.44 Hz, 2H), 2.1 1 – 1.96 (m, 3H), 1.82 – 1.73 (m, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 216.3 (M+H)+.

Example 1: Preparation of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yI]-[l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate

Step (i): Preparation of N-[l-(3-Methoxypropyl) piperidine-4-carbonyI] ‘-(l-isopropyI-lH-indazole-3-carbonyl) hydrazine

To a stirred solution of 1 ,2-dichloroethane (19.8 L) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25 °C to 30 °C, l -isopropyl-lH-indazole-3-carboxylic acid (3.0 Kg, 14.69 moles, obtained in preparation 1 ) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 15 minutes for complete dissolution. Thionyl chloride (3.6 Kg, 30.25 mols) was then added to the reaction mixture by maintaining its temperature below 30 °C over a period of 15 minutes. The reaction temperature was then gradually raised to 75 °C over a period of 30 minutes and was stirred for 2 hours at that temperature. The TLC revealed complete conversion of acid to acid chloride. The solvent 1,2-dichloroethane and excess thionyl chloride was removed under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) below 60 °C temperature. The obtained residual mass was cooled to 25 °C to 30 °C, and diluted with DCM (15.6 L). The contents were further cooled to 0 °C to 5 °C. A solution of l-(3-Methoxypropyl) piperidine-4-carboxylic acid hydrazide (3.0 Kg, 1 3.94 mols, obtained in the preparation 2) in DCM (18.0 L) was added to the reaction mass over a period of 30 minutes. The reaction temperature was then gradually raised to 25 °C to 30 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC which showed absence of hydrazide (< 1.0 %). The reaction mixture was then diluted with water (30.0 L), stirred for 15 minutes and the two layers were separated. The aqueous layer was washed with DCM (1 x 30.0 L), cooled to 0 °C to 5 °C and cautiously basified to pH 7.6 with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (10 % w/v, 46.5 L). The basified aqueous layer was then extracted with DCM (2 x 30.0 L). The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (6.0 Kg) and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) below 55 °C. The residue was then cooled to 25 °C – 30 °C and diluted with solvent hexane (9.0 L). The slurry, thus obtained, was centrifuged at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere and the wet product cake was washed with hexanes (6.0 L). The wet product was then dried in oven at 55 °C -60 °C until loss on drying was < 1.0 % to obtain the above titled compound (4.4 Kg) as an off white crystalline powder.

Yield: 74.5 %;

Purity: 98.75 %;

IR (cm-1): 3506, 3233, 2943, 1703, 1637, 1523, 1487, 1 195, 1 1 16, 750;

Ή-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13): 9.35 (bs, 1H), 8.70 (bs, 1H), 8.30 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (t, J = 8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 4.90 -4.85 (m, 1H), 3.40 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.33 (s, 3H), 2.94 – 2.85 (m, 2H), 2.39 -2.31 (m, 3H), 1.92 – 1.88 (m, 4H), 1.76 – 1.65 (m, 4H), 1.59 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H); Mass (m/z): 402.2 (M+H)+.

Step (ii): Preparation of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3»4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole

To a stirred solution of 1 ,2-dichloroethane (60 L) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25 °C to 30 °C, N-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidine-4-carbonyl] N’-(l -isopropyl-1 H-indazole-3-carbonyl) hydrazine (3.0 Kg, 7.47 mols, obtainted in above step) was added and the contents were stirred for 15 minutes afterwhich, thionyl chloride (1.77 Kg, 15.0 mols) was added over 15 minutes time. The reaction mixture temperature was then gradually raised to 79 °C – 83 °C over a period of 30 minutes at which the reaction mixture starts refluxing. Upon completion of 9 hours, the reaction mass showed complete consumption of starting material when checked by TLC. The excess thionyl chloride and solvent 1,2-dichloroethane were distilled off under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) below 60 °C. The reaction mass was cooled to 25 °C – 30 °C, diluted with water (39.0 L) and solvent ether (19.5 L). The resulting mass was stirred for 15 minutes and the two layers were separated. The pH of the aqueous layer was adjusted to 9 – 10 by adding an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (2.5N, 3.0 L). The basified aqueous layer was then extracted with DCM (2 x 54.0 L). The combined organic layer was washed with cold (5 °C – 10 °C) aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (0.6 N, 54.0 L), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (6.0 Kg) and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) below 55 °C, which yielded above titled compound (2.6 Kg) as brown colored syrupy mass.

Yield: 90.5 %;

Purity: 99.3 %;

IR (cm“1): 3054, 2946, 2808, 1599, 1563, 1462, 1389, 121 1, 1 120, 1069, 999, 749; Ή-NMR (6 ppm, CDC13): 8.34 (d, J = 8.12 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J – 8.44 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (t, J = 7.58 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (t, J = 7.44 Hz, 1H), 4.98 – 4.93 (m, 1H), 3.44 (t, J = 6.44 Hz, 2H), 3.03 – 3.00 (m, 3H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 2.46 (t, J = 7.54 Hz, 2H), 2.20 -2.02 (m, 6H), 1.80 (t, J= 7.27 Hz, 2H), 1.66 (d, J= 6.72 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 384.3 (M+H)+.

Step (iii): Purification of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyI) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3.4]oxadiazoI-2-yl}-lH-indazole

The above obtained crude step (ii) product was dissolved in a stirring aqueous acetic acid solution (10 % w/v, 26.0 L) and washed with ethylacetate (2 x 26.0 L). The resultant aqueous layer pH was adjusted to 9.0 – 10.0 by adding an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (0.5N, 52.0 L). The basified aqueous layer was extracted with solvent ether (2 x 26.0 L) and the combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (3.0 Kg). The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure (> 500 mm of Mercury) below 55 °C to obtain a brown colored syrupy mass (2.19 Kg).

Yield: 84 %;

Purity: 99.72 %;

IR (cm“1): 3054, 2978, 2946, 2808, 2772, 1599, 1563, 1462, 1389, 1 194, 1 177, 1 120, 1069, 999, 749;

Ή-NMR (δ ppm, CDC13): 8.34 (d, J = 8.12 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 8.44 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (t, J = 7.58 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (t, J = 7.44 Hz, l H), 4.98 – 4.93 (m, 1H), 3.44 (t, J = 6.44 Hz, 2H), 3.03 – 3.00 (m, 3H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 2.46 (t, J = 7.54 Hz, 2H), 2.20 -2.02 (m, 6H), 1.80 (t, J= 7.27 Hz, 2H), 1.66 (d, J = 6.72 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 384.4 (M+H)+.

Step (iv): Preparation of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yI]-[l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yi}-lH-indazole oxalate

To a stirred solution of isopropanol (60.8 L) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25 °C -30 °C, l-isopropyl-3-{5-[l -(3-methoxypropyl) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole (6.08 Kg, 15.86 mols, obtained in step (iii) was added, followed by oxalic acid (1.46 Kg, 16.2 mols) addition. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours and solid product that is precipitated was filtered through nutsche filter under nitrogen atmosphere. The wet product bed was washed with isopropanol (10.0 L) and solvent ether (60.8 L) to obtain a technical grade product.

IR (cm“1): 3437, 2975, 2932, 2890, 1703, 1604, 1564, 1458, 1391, 1281, 1217, 1 192, 1 1 14, 992, 750;

Ή-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-d6): 10.72, (bs, 2H), 8.16 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.20 – 5.07 (m, 1H), 3.55 – 3.43 (m, 3H), 3.36 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 2H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 3.1 8 – 2.98 (m, 4H), 2.40 – 2.30 (m, 2H), 2.26-2.12 (m, 2H), 1.96 – 1.85 (m, 2H), 1.53 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 384.4 (M+H)+.

Step (v): Recrystallization of l-Isopropyl-3-{5-[l-(3-methoxypropyI) piperidin-4-yl]-[l,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl}-lH-indazole oxalate

The above obtained product was suspended in a mixture of isopropanol (35.26 L) and water (7.3 L) and refluxed (76 °C) for 4 hours until complete dissolution. The homogenous solution thus obtained was gradually cooled to 25 °C – 30 °C and maintained at this temperature under slow stirring for 16 hours. The precipitated oxalate salt was centrifuged under nitrogen atmosphere. The product cake was washed with isopropanol (15.0 L) and ether (60.8 L). The suction dried product was then dried in vacuum oven at 25 °C – 30 °C for 2 hours and at 65 °C for 1 hour to obtain above titled compound (4.24 Kg) as light cream colored crystalline material.

Yield: 60 %;

Purity: 99.92 %;

Salt content (oxalate salt): 20.37 %;

Heavy metals: < 20 ppm;

IR (cm-1): 3437, 2975, 2932, 2890, 1703, 1604, 1564, 1458, 1391, 1281, 1217, 1 192, 1 1 14, 992, 750;

1H-NMR (δ ppm, DMSO-d6): 10.72, (bs, 2H), 8.16 (d, J- 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.20 – 5.07 (m, 1H), 3.55 – 3.43 (m, 3H), 3.36 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 2H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 3.18 – 2.98 (m, 4H), 2.40 – 2.30 (m, 2H), 2.26-2.12 (m, 2H), 1.96 – 1.85 (m, 2H), 1.53 (d, J= 6.6 Hz, 6H);

Mass (m/z): 384.4 (M+H)+.

 

REFERENCES

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1552526014012874

http://www.suven.com/news_Sep2015_02.htm

SUVN-D4010: Novel 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
45th Annu Meet Soc Neurosci (October 17-21, Chicago) 2015, Abst 54.08

SEE BELOW

Characterization of SUVN-D1104010: A potent, selective and orallyactive 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist
Alzheimer’s Assoc Int Conf (AAIC) (July 14-19, Vancouver) 2012, Abst P2-392

SUVN-D1104010 displayed IC50 values > 45 and > 10 mcM for cytochrome P450 3A4 and 2D6, respectively. In dog, rat and human liver microsome preparations, it showed respective stabilities of 64, 26 and 26%. It displayed rat brain, rat plasma and human plasma protein binding values of 94, 89 and 93%, respectively. For parmacokinetic studies, the agent was administered to male Wistar rats (1 mg/kg i.v.; 3 mg/kg p.o.) and male Beagle dogs (1 mg/kg i.v. and p.o.). Following intravenous administration, the rats showed AUC(0-24 h), t1/2, MRT Last, Cl and Vdss values of 245 ng·h/mL, 1.1 hours, 1.1 hours, 67 mL/min/kg and 5.3 L/kg, respectively. Following intravenous administration to dogs, these respective values were 951 ng·h/mL, 6 hours, 3.9 hours, 18 mL/min/kg and 5.1 L/kg. Following oral administration to rats, the respective values were 136 ng·h/mL, 0.42 hours, 222 hours, 1.4 mL/min/kg and 1.4 L/kg. For dogs, these respective values were 179 ng·h/mL, 0.58 hours, 711 hours, 4.6 mL/min/kg and 4.0 L/kg. Oral bioavailabilty values in rats and dogs were 30 and 72%, respectively. The brain penetration profile was studied 1 hour after the administration of 1, 3 and 10 mg/kg p.o. in rats. Plasma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), whole brain samples were collected and drug concentrations were analyzed by liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry. Dosing at 1, 3 and 10 mg/kg p.o. was associated with respective plasma concentrations of 42, 136 and 537 nM; respective brain concentrations of 120, 352 and 1674 nM; respective CSF concentrations of 7, 18 and 90 nM; ratios of CSF concentrations over Ki values of 0.3, 0.8 and 3.8; ratios of brain concentrations over Ki values of 5, 5 and 70; and ratios of brain over plasma concentrations of 2.8, 2.5 and 3. Further studies included in vivo receptor occupancy (brain 5-HT4 receptor) analysis. The drug showed dose-dependent occupancy in the rat striatum and gained ready access to the brain. An ED50 of 2.75 mg/kg p.o. was noted. Brain cortical soluble amyloid precursor protein alpha (sAPPalpha) levels were assessed in male C57BL6 mice injected with 1-10 mg/kg s.c. and sacrificed 30/60 minutes later. Results were compared to vehicle-treated mice. At 3 and 10 mg/kg doses, significant increases in sAPPalpha levels were noted (P values < 0.05 and < 0.01, respectively) using ELISA. To study changes in CSF beta-amyloid levels, Wistar rats were administered the drug orally at 0.03-3 mg/kg and 2 hours later, CSF was collected and analyzed for beta-amyloid protein 42 (Abeta42) and 40 (Abeta40) by ELISA. The drug induced a decrease of 19-35% in Abeta42 levels and a decrease of 20-38% in Abeta40 levels in rat CSF at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg (P < 0.01). Toxicity studies are currently under way.

March 16, 2015

Drug firm Suven Life Sciences has been granted a patent each by the US and New Zealand for a drug used in the treatment of neuro-degenerative diseases.

The patents are valid until 2030 and 2031, respectively, Suven Life Sciences said in a filing to the BSE.

Commenting on the development, Suven Life CEO Venkat Jasti said: “We are very pleased by the grant of these patents to Suven for our pipeline of molecules in CNS arena that are being developed for cognitive disorders with high unmet medical need with huge market potential globally.”

SUVEN, Chief executive and chairman Venkat Jasti

The company has “secured patents in USA and New Zealand to one of their new chemical entity (NCE) for CNS therapy through new mechanism of action – H3 Inverse agonist…,” Suven Life Sciences said.

With these new patents, Suven has a total of 20 granted patents from US and 23 granted patents from New Zealand.

“These granted patents are exclusive intellectual property of Suven and are achieved through the internal discovery research efforts.

“Products out of these inventions may be out-licensed at various phases of clinical development like at Phase-I or Phase-II,” Suven said.

Pdf Link: Suven Life Sciences secures 2 (two) Product Patents for their NCE’s through New mechanism of action – H3 Inverse Agonist in USA & New Zealand

http://www.bseindia.com/xml-data/corpfiling/AttachLive/suven_life_sciences_ltd_160315.pdf

Suven Life Sciences secures 2 (two) Product Patents for their NCE’s through New mechanism of action – H3 Inverse Agonist in USA & New Zealand HYDERABAD, INDIA (March 16, 2015) – Suven Life Sciences Ltd (Suven) announced today that they secured patents in USA (us 8912179) and New Zealand (614567) to one of their New Chemical Entity (NCE) for CNS therapy through new mechanism of action – H3 Inverse agonist and these patents are valid until 2030 and 2031 respectively. The granted claims of the patent include the class of selective H3 ligands discovered by Suven and are being developed as therapeutic agents and are useful in the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with neurodegenerative disorders

 

Suven Life Sciences Ltd.
6th Floor, SDE Serene Chambers,
Avenue – 7, Road No. 5, Banjara Hills,
Hyderabad-500 034, Telangana, INDIA

Phone : +91-40-2354-1142, 2354-3311
Fax     : +91~40~2354-1152
Email id: info@suven.com

 

INDIAN PATENT

 

  • Nirogi, Ramakrishna; Shinde, Anil Karbhari; Kambhampati, Ramasastri; Namala, Rambabu; Dwarampudi, Adi Reddy; Kota, Laxman; Gampa, Murlimohan; Kodru, Padmavathi; Tiriveedhi, Taraka Naga Vinaykumar; Kandikere, Vishwottam Nagaraj; et al
  • From Indian Pat. Appl. (2012), IN 2010CH02551

 

 

 

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/US8912179

The present invention relates to heterocyclyl compounds of formula (I) and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, its process of preparation and compositions containing them, for the treatment of various disorders that are related to Histamine H3 receptors.

Figure imgf000003_0001
ONE EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE 1
Example 1
Preparation of 1-[2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-5-yl]-propan-1-one tartrate
Step (i): Preparation of 2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridine-5-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-ol (1.6 grams, 10 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (20 mL) was treated with cooled and stirred suspension of sodium hydride (0.9 grams, 18 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (20 mL) slowly over a period of 30 minutes; the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour. A solution of 2-Bromo-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridine-5-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (3 grams, 9 mmol, obtained in preparation 1) in tetrahydrofuran (30 mL) was added drop wise over a period of 15 minutes and refluxed the reaction for 6 hours. Reaction mass was quenched with ice cold water and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×50 mL). Combined organics were washed with water followed by brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. Organic volatiles were evaporated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (ethylacetate/n-hexane, 1/1) to obtain the title compound (2.0 grams).

1H-NMR (δ ppm): 1.48 (9H, s), 1.65-1.72 (2H, m), 1.85-1.92 (4H, m), 2.01-2.07 (4H, m), 2.18-2.19 (2H, m), 2.57 (2H, m), 2.62-2.66 (2H, m), 2.71-2.75 (1H, m), 3.70 (2H, m), 4.43 (2H, m), 4.93 (1H, m);

Mass (m/z): 394.2 (M+H)+.

Step (ii): Preparation of 2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridineA solution of 2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridine-5-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (2.0 grams, 5 mmol, obtained in above step) in dichloromethane (30 mL) was treated with trifluroacetic acid (5.0 mL, 50 mmol) at 0° C. Reaction mass was stirred for 4 hours. After completion of reaction, the reaction mass was quenched into ice cold water and adjust pH to 10, by using 40% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The product was extracted with dichloromethane (3×50 mL), combined organics were washed with water followed by brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. Organic volatiles were evaporated under vacuum to obtain the title compound (1.3 grams).

1H-NMR (δ ppm): 1.68-1.74 (2H, m), 1.85-1.93 (4H, m), 2.06 (4H, m), 2.19 (2H, m), 2.60-2.61 (4H, m), 2.73-2.80 (1H, m), 2.90-3.10 (1H, m), 3.13-3.16 (2H, m), 3.85 (2H, s), 4.90-4.93 (1H, m);

Mass (m/z): 294.2 (M+H)+.

Step (iii): Preparation of 1-[2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-5-yl]-propan-1-oneA solution of 2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridine (1.3 grams, 4 mmol, obtained in above step) and triethylamine (1.9 mL, 13 mmol) in dichloromethane (30 mL) was cooled to 0° C. Propionylchloride (0.4 mL, 5 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL) was added drop wise over a period of 15 minutes and stirred the reaction for 30 minutes. Reaction mass was poured onto ice cold water and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×50 mL). Combined organics were washed with water followed by brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. Organic volatiles were evaporated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (methanol/chloroform, 2/98) to obtain the title compound (1.0 gram).

1H-NMR (δ ppm): 1.17-1.21 (3H, m), 1.65-1.72 (5H, m), 1.87-1.91 (4H, m), 2.01-2.07 (4H, m), 2.22 (1H, m), 2.38-2.45 (2H, m), 2.45 (1H, m), 2.68-2.76 (3H, m), 3.72-3.74 (1H, m), 4.47-4.62 (2H, m), 4.92-4.94 (1H, m).

Mass (m/z): 350.4 (M+H)+.

Step (iv): Preparation of 1-[2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-5-yl]-propan-1-one tartrateA solution of 1-[2-(1-Cyclobutyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-6,7-dihydro-4H-thiazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-5-yl]-propan-1-one (0.8 grams, 2.3 mmol, obtained in above step) in methanol (10 mL) was treated with L(+)-Tartaric acid (0.34 grams, 2.3 mmol) at 0° C. Stirred the reaction mass for about 1 hour and the solvent was evaporated under vacuum to dryness. The solids were washed with diethyl ether and dried under vacuum to obtain the title compound (1.1 grams).

1H-NMR (δ ppm): 1.12-1.20 (3H, m), 1.82-1.87 (2H, m), 2.16-2.32 (7H, m), 2.45-2.55 (2H, m), 2.63-2.66 (3H, m), 2.72 (1H, m), 3.20 (2H, m), 3.47-3.50 (1H, m), 3.66-3.70 (1H, m), 3.81-3.88 (2H, m), 4.45 (2H, s), 4.60 (2H, s), 5.18 (5H, m);

Mass (m/z): 350.4 (M+H)+.

Publication number US8912179 B2
Publication type Grant
Application number US 13/818,152
PCT number PCT/IN2010/000740
Publication date Dec 16, 2014
Filing date Nov 15, 2010
Priority date Sep 2, 2010
Also published as CA2812970A1, 4 More »
Inventors Ramakrishna Nirogi, Anil Karbhari Shinde,Ramasastri Kambhampati, Rambabu Namala,Adi Reddy Dwarampudi, Laxman Kota,Murlimohan Gampa, Padmavathi Kodru,Taraka Naga Vinaykumar Tiriveedhi,Vishwottam Nagaraj Kandikere, Nageshwara Rao Muddana, Ramanatha Shrikantha Saralaya, Pradeep Jayarajan, Dhanalakshmi Shanmuganathan, Ishtiyaque Ahmad,Venkateswarlu Jasti, Less «
Original Assignee Suven Life Sciences Limited
Export Citation BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet

……………….

Banjara Hills,Hyderabad

Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana
Map of Banjara Hills, Hyderabad
TAJ KRISHNA
SUBWAY RESTAURANT

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CC(C)n4nc(c1nnc(o1)C2CCN(CCCOC)CC2)c3ccccc34

BMS 955829


img

(4R,5R)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)-4-(5-(phenylethynyl)pyridin-3-yl)oxazolidin-2-one

(4R,5R)-5(2,5-Difluorophenyl)-4-(5-(phenylethynyl)-3-pyridinyl)-1,3-oxazolidin-2-one
(4R,5R)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)- 4-(5-(phenylethynyl)pyridin-3-yl)oxazolidin-2-one.

cas 1375751-08-8
Chemical Formula: C22H14F2N2O2
Exact Mass: 376.1023

Bristol-Myers Squibb Company INNOVATOR

BMS-955829 is a Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs). BMS-955829 shows high functional PAM potency, excellent mGluR5 binding affinity, low glutamate fold shift, and high selectivity for the mGluR5 subtype. BMS-955829 is a potent mGluR5 PAM (EC50 = 2.6 ± 1.0 nM; n = 6), devoid of inherent mGluR5 agonist activity (EC50 > 30μM). The measured binding Ki of BMS-955829 was found to be 1.6 nM, which was in good agreement with its functional potency.

str1

 

str1

SYNTHESIS AND INTERMEDIATES…….https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2012064603A1?cl=en

 

str1

 

Intermediate 73

Diethyl 2,5-difluorobenzylphosphonate. A mixture of 2-(bromomethyl)-l,4- difluorobenzene (3 g, 14.49 mmol) and triethyl phosphite (7.72 ml, 43.5 mmol) was heated to 160 °C with stirring for 4 hours, cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated under high vacuum to remove most triethyl phosphite. The resulting residue was purified by column chromatography (20% to 30 % EtO Ac/Toluene) providing diethyl 2,5-difluorobenzylphosphonate (3.76 g, 13.52 mmol, 93 % yield) as colorless oil. ¾ NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.30 – 7.10 (m, 3H), 4.05 – 3.91 (m, 4H), 3.31 – 3.20 (m, 2H), 1.18 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 6H). MS Anal. Calcd. for [M+H]+ CiiHieFzOsP: 265.2; found 265.3.

str1

 

Intermediate 74

(E)-3-Bromo-5-(2,5-difluorostyryl)pyridine. To a stirred solution of diethyl 2,5-difluorobenzylphosphonate (63.5 g, 240 mmol) and 5-bromonicotinaldehyde (50.7 g, 264 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (1923 ml) was added potassium tert-butoxide in tetrahydrofuran (312 ml, 312 mmol) at -10 °C. After three hours, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirring was continued for another 16 hours at which time the reaction mixture was diluted with ether (800 mL) and washed with H2O. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filered and concentrated to provide a yellow wax to which was added 300 mL of hexane and after sonication filtered to provide (is)-3-bromo-5-(2,5- difluorostyryl)pyridine (54 g, 173 mmol, 72.1%) as a white solid. XH NMR

(500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.78 (d, J=1.8 Hz, IH), 8.63 (d, J=2.1 Hz, IH), 8.44 (t, J=2.0 Hz, IH), 7.67 (ddd, J=9.4, 6.0, 3.2 Hz, IH), 7.56 – 7.48 (m, IH), 7.46 – 7.40 (m, IH), 7.34 (td, J=9.6, 4.6 Hz, IH), 7.24 (tt, J=8.3, 3.6 Hz, IH). MS Anal. Calcd. for [M+H]+ Ci3H9BrF2N: 296.0; found 298.1

 

str1

str1

 

Intermediate 75

Tert-butyl (lR,2R)-l-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-2-(2,5-difluorophenyl)-2- hydroxyethylcarbamate. A solution of tert-butyl carbamate (4.18 g, 35.0 mmol) in propanol (39 ml) was sequentially treated with sodium hydroxide (1.376 g, 34.4 mmol) in water (72 ml) and tert-butyl hypochlorite (3.88 ml, 34.4 mmol). After 5 min of stirring, the reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C. A solution of

(DHQD)2PHAL (0.555 g, 0.677 mmol) in propanol (39 ml), a solution of (E)-3- bromo-5-(2,5-difluorostyryl)pyridine (3.34 g, 11.28 mmol) in propanol (68 ml) , and potassium osmate dihydrate (0.166 g, 0.451 mmol) were sequentially added. The reaction mixture was stirred for three additional hours at 0 °C, warmed to ambient temperature and after an additional 16 hours the light yellow homogenous solution was quenched with saturated aqueous sodium sulfite (100 mL). The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate( 2 X 50 mL), the combined organic phases were washed with brine (100 mL), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated to afford a residue which was purified via column chromatography (25% to 40 % EtO Ac/Hex) to provide tert-butyl (7R,2R)-l-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-2- (2,5-difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethylcarbamate (2.2991 g, 5.09 mmol, 45.1 % yield) as an optically enriched mixture of enantiomers. XH NMR (500MHz, DIVISOR) δ 8.56 (d, J=1.8 Hz, IH), 8.40 (s, IH), 8.03 (s, IH), 7.52 (d, J=9.5 Hz, IH), 7.25 (br. s., IH), 7.10 (t, J=5.6 Hz, 2H), 5.89 (d, J=4.9 Hz, IH), 5.03 (t, J=5.0 Hz, IH), 4.83 (dd, J=8.9, 5.2 Hz, IH), 1.40 – 1.34 (m, 9H), MS Anal. Calcd. for [M+H]+

Ci8H2oBrF2 203: 429.1; found 431.3.

str1

str1

Intermediate 77

(lR,2R)-2-Amino-2-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-l-(2,5-difluorophenyl)ethanol To a stirred solution of tert-butyl tert-butyl (7R,2R,)-l-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-2-(2,5- difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethylcarbamate (2.30 g, 5.09 mmol) in methylene chloride (30 mL) was added HC1 in dioxane (30 ml, 120 mmol). The reaction mixture was placed in an oil bath set to 50 °C. After three hours, the reaction mixture was concentrated providing (7R,2R^-2-amino-2-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-l-(2,5- difluorophenyl)ethanol 2HC1 salt (2.10 g, 4.97 mmol, 98 % yield) as an optically enriched yellow wax. XH NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.95 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 2H), 8.64 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.45 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.31 (t, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.47 – 7.09 (m, 3H), 7.04 (td, J=9.2, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 5.29 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 4.57 (dd, J=9.0, 5.3 Hz, 1H). Anal. Calcd. for [M+H]+ Ci3H12BrF2N20: 329.0; found 331.2.

 

str1

Intermediate 78

(4R,5R)-4-(5-Bromopyridin-3-yl)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)oxazotidin-2-one. To optically enriched (7R,2R)-2-amino-2-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-l-(2,5- difluorophenyl)ethanol, 2 HC1 (2.019 g, 4.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (98 ml) was added diisopropylethylamine (2.95 ml, 16.87 mmol) and the resultant solution was stirred for ten mintues at ambient temperature, cooled to 0 °C and

carbonyldiimidazole (1.094 g, 6.75 mmol) was added. After an additional three hours at 0 °C the reaction mixture was warmed to ambient temperature and allowed to stir for another 16 hours. 2M ¾ in methanol (5ml) was added and after ten mintues the suspension was filtered and concentrated to a pink oil which was purified by column chromatography (25% to 40 % EtO Ac/Hex) providing (4R,5R)-4-(5- bromopyridin-3-yl)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)oxazolidin-2-one (1.353 g, 3.62 mmol, 75 % yield) as an optically enriched white solid. ¾ NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.80 – 8.68 (m, 1H), 8.55 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 2H), 8.16 (t, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.46 – 7.28 (m, 3H), 5.71 – 5.58 (m, 1H), 5.02 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 1H). MS Anal. Calcd. for [M+H]+ Ci4H10BrF2 2O2: 355.0; found 357.2.

 

Intermediate 79

(4R,5R)-4-(5-Bromopyridin-3-yl)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)oxazotidin-2-one. Method – 2 A mixture of tert-butyl ((lR,2R)-l-(54oromopyridin-3-yl)-2-(2,5- difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl)carbamate and tert-butyl ((lR,2R)-2-(5- bromopyridin-3-yl)-l-(2,5-difluorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl)carbamate (about 6: 1 ratio) (101 g, 236 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (590 mL) was cooled to -7 °C with a methanol/ice bath. To this mixture was added a solution of 1 M potassium tert- butoxide in tetrahydrofuran (590 mL, 590 mmol) via an addition funnel while maintaining the internal temperature < 3 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred with a cooling bath for 30 min and then allowed to warm up to room temperature. After 20 h, the reaction was deemed complete by LC/MS. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness to give crude product. Another identical scale reaction was performed. The crude products of the two batches were combined to work up together. They were treated with ethyl acetate (1.75 L) and water (1.75 L). The layers were separated. The organic layer was washed with brine (1.75 L), dried (sodium sulfate), and evaporated to give 161.5 g of crude product as a brown solid. This was purified by ISCO to give 67.1 g (42% yield). LC/MS (ES+) 355/357 (M+H, 100; Br isotope pattern); XH NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.75 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H), 8.53 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (t, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.29 – 7.23 (m, 1H), 7.18 – 7.09 (m, 2H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 5.56 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 4.84 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H); Calcd for

Ci4H9N2BrF202: C, 47.34; H, 2.55; N, 7.86; Br, 22.50; F, 10.69. Found: C, 47.29; H, 2.61; N, 7.87; Br, 22.40; F, 10.37. Note: Chiral HPLC of the above sample showed 4.7% of the enantiomer. The (4S, 55) enantiomer can be purged by recrystallization from methanol to give > 99.9 ee with 67% recovery.

 

 

str1

str1

WO2012064603

Scheme 1.

Pd(0)/Cu(l)/ TBAF Scheme 2.

cheme 4.

R’ = H, alkyl

Scheme 8.

cheme 11.

Scheme 12.

Scheme 14.

Scheme 15.

R” = H, alkyl R” = alkyl

cheme 16.

R’ = alky I

R” = alkyl

Scheme 17.

R’ = H, alkyl

R” = H, alkyl

Scheme 18.

R’ = H, alkyl R’ = H, alkyl

P T/US2011/059339

COMPD IS 185

Figure imgf000226_0001

Example 185

(4R, 5R)-5-(2, 5-difluorophenyl)-4-(5-(phenylethynyl)-3-pyridinyl)-l, 3-oxazolidin-2- one.

To a stirred solution of optically enriched (4R,5R)-4-(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)-5- (2,5-difluorophenyl)oxazolidin-2-one (1.25 g, 3.25 mmol) in triethylamine (70 mL) was added ethynylbenzene (0.592 mL, 5.28 mmol), copper(I) iodide (67 mg, 0.352 mmol), and triphenylphosphine (653 mg, 2.464 mmol). Nitrogen was bubbled through the mixture for 10 mintues before adding dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)- palladium(II) (202 mg, 0.282 mmol) with continued nitrogen gas bubbling. After an additional 10 mintues the reaction mixtrue was heated to reflux for 16 hours, cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with EtOAc, washed with water (3X), brine, dried over magnesium sulfate, and concentrated in vacuo. Column chromatography (25% – -> 40% EtO Ac/Hex) provided optically enriched (4R,5R)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)-4- (5-(phenylethynyl)pyridin-3-yl)oxazolidin-2-one which was separated by chiral SFC chromatography (Chiralcel OJ-H preparative column, 30 x 250mm, 5μιη, Mobile Phase: 40% MeOH (0.1%DEA) in C02 @ 150Bar, Temp: 35°C, Flow rate: 70.0 mL/min. for 16 min, UV monitored @ 280 nM . tR = 9.23 min) to provide (1.38 g, 2.99 mmol, 85 % yield) of pure single enantiomer (4R,5R)-5-(2,5-difluorophenyl)- 4-(5-(phenylethynyl)pyridin-3-yl)oxazolidin-2-one.

 

‘H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-i¾) δ ppm 8.77 (d, J=2.21 Hz, 1 H) 8.57 (s, 1 H) 8.56 (d, J=2.20 Hz, 1 H) 8.07 (t, J=2.05 Hz, 1 H) 7.58 – 7.66 (m, 2 H) 7.44 – 7.52 (m, 3 H) 7.39 – 7.45 (m, 1 H) 7.28 – 7.39 (m, 2 H) 5.67 (d, J=6.62 Hz, 1 H) 5.04 (d, J=6.62 Hz, 1 H). 13C NMR (126 MHz,

DMSO-i¾) δ ppm 157.28; 157.24 (d, J=240.70 Hz) 155.92 (d, J=245.20 Hz) 151.63; 147.70; 136.78; 135.02; 131.57; 129.43; 128.89; 126.63 (dd, J=14.99, 7.72 Hz) 121.51; 119.47; 117.83 (dd, J=23.60, 9.10 Hz) 117.50 (dd, J=24.50, 8.20 Hz); 114.60 (dd, J=26.34, 4.54 Hz); 92.86; 85.76; 78.12; 59.43;

 

LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H15F2N202: 377.11, found 377.20[M+H]+;

 

HRMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C22H15F2N202: 377.1096, found 377.1096 [M+H]+.

SEE

WO2015054103, OXAZOLIDINONES AS MODULATORS OF MGLUR5

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=15257519640294865E18C0BA057EADF3.wapp1nA?docId=WO2015054103&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

 

PAPER

 

Abstract Image

Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) are of interest due to their potential therapeutic utility in schizophrenia and other cognitive disorders. Herein we describe the discovery and optimization of a novel oxazolidinone-based chemotype to identify BMS-955829 (4), a compound with high functional PAM potency, excellent mGluR5 binding affinity, low glutamate fold shift, and high selectivity for the mGluR5 subtype. The low fold shift and absence of agonist activity proved critical in the identification of a molecule with an acceptable preclinical safety profile. Despite its low fold shift, 4 retained efficacy in set shifting and novel object recognition models in rodents.

Discovery and Preclinical Evaluation of BMS-955829, a Potent Positive Allosteric Modulator of mGluR5

Bristol-Myers Squibb Research & Development, 5 Research Parkway, Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, United States
ACS Med. Chem. Lett., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.5b00450
Publication Date (Web): January 4, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society
*Tel: 1-203-677-7675. Fax: 1-203-677-7702. E-mail: fukang.yang@bms.com.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.5b00450

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.5b00450/suppl_file/ml5b00450_si_001.pdf

 

SEE…………http://orgspectroscopyint.blogspot.in/2016/01/bms-955829.html

 

///////BMS 955829, mGluR5,  positive allosteric modulator,  schizophrenia,  cognition,  neurotoxicity, Bristol-Myers Squibb

FC1=CC=C(C=C1[C@H]([C@@H](C2=CC(C#CC3=CC=CC=C3)=CN=C2)N4)OC4=O)F

CARIPRAZINE for major depressive disorder


CARIPRAZINE

CAS 839712-12-8 (free base)

CAS 1083076-69-0…HYDROCLORIDE SALT

trans-N-[4-[2-[4-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl]cyclohexyl]-N’,N’-dimethylurea

Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3- dimethyl-urea

trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}-N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl-cyclohexylamine

trans-1{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3-dimethyl-urea,

3-(trans-4-(2-(4-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl)ethyl)cyclohexyl)-1,1-dimethylurea

IN PHASE 3 FOR MAJOR DEPRESSION

Cariprazine (RGH-188) is an antipsychotic drug under development by Gedeon Richter. It acts as a D2 and D3 receptor partial agonist, with high selectivity towards the D3 receptor.[1] Positive Phase III study results were published for schizophrenia and maniaearly 2012, while Phase II studies in bipolar disorder I, and for bipolar depression are in progress.[2] Action on the dopaminergic systems makes it also potentially useful as an add-on therapy in major depressive disorder [3]

Forest Laboratories obtained a license on development (from the Richter – Hungary) and exclusive commercial rights in the US in 2004.

R&D center in Budapest

 

 

NEWS………….DUBLIN and BUDAPEST, Hungary, Jan. 6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ — Actavis plcand Gedeon Richter Plc. today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has acknowledged receipt of Actavis’ New Drug Application (NDA) resubmission for its atypical antipsychotic cariprazine, a potent dopamine D3/D2 receptor partial agonist with preferential binding to D3 receptors. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) date is expected to be in the second quarter of 2015…….

….http://www.marketwatch.com/story/actavis-and-gedeon-richter-announce-fda-receipt-of-nda-resubmission-for-cariprazine-2015-01-06

Production building of the company in Budapest

Medical uses

Cariprazine is currently in clinical trials for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It has also been investigated as a potential adjunct in treatment-resistant major depressive disorder.[4]

Illustrated Pill Packaging

Side effects

The most prevalent side effects for cariprazine include akathisia, insomnia, and weight gain. Cariprazine does not appear to impact metabolic variables or prolactin levles, and unlike many other antipsychotics, does not increase the electrocardiogram (ECG) QT interval. In short term clinical trials extrapyramidal effects, sedation, akathisia, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, anxiety, and constipation were observed. One review characterized the frequency of these events as “not greatly different from that seen in patient treated with placebo”[5] but a second called the incidence of movement-related disorders “rather high”[6][7] .

Pharmacodynamics

Cariprazine acts as an antipsychotic that is effective against the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.[8] Unlike many antipsychotics that are D2 and 5-HT2A receptor antagonists, cariprazine is a D2 and D3 partial agonist. It also has a higher affinity for D3 receptors. The D2 and D3 receptors are important targets for the treatment of schizophrenia, because the overstimulation of dopamine receptors has been implicated as a possible cause of schizophrenia.[9] Cariprazine acts to inhibit overstimulated dopamine receptors (acting as an antagonist) and stimulate the same receptors when the endogenous dopamine levels are low. Cariprazine’s high selectivity towards D3 receptors could prove to reduce side effects associated with the other antipsychotic drugs, because D3receptors are mainly located in the ventral striatum and would not incur the same motor side effects (extrapyramidal symptoms) as drugs that act on dorsal striatum dopamine receptors.[8] Cariprazine also acts on 5-HT1A receptors, though the affinity is considerably lower than the affinity to dopamine receptors (seen in monkey and rat brain studies).[8][10] In the same studies, cariprazine has been noted to produce pro-cognitive effects, the mechanisms of which are currently under investigation. An example of pro-cognitive effects occurred in pre-clinical trials with rats: rats with cariprazine performed better in a scopolamine-induced learning impairment paradigm in a water labyrinth test. This may be due to the selective antagonist nature of D3 receptors, though further studies need to be conducted.[8] This result could be very useful for schizophrenia, as one of the symptoms includes cognitive deficits.

Cariprazine has partial agonist as well as antagonist properties depending on the endogenous dopamine levels. When endogenous dopamine levels are high (as is hypothesized in schizophrenic patients), cariprazine acts as an antagonist by blocking dopamine receptors. When endogenous dopamine levels are low, cariprazine acts more as an agonist, increasing dopamine receptor activity.[11] In monkey studies, the administration of increasing does of cariprazine resulted in a dose-dependent and saturable reduction of specific binding. At the highest dose (300 μg/kg), the D2/D3 receptors were 94 % occupied, while at the lowest dose (1 μg/kg), receptors were 5 % occupied.[10]

Receptor Ki (nM)[4] Pharmacodynamic action[4]
5-HT1A 3 Partial agonism
5-HT2A 19 Inverse agonism/antagonism
5-HT2B 0.58 Inverse agonism/Antagonism
5-HT2C 134 Inverse agonism/Antagonism
5-HT7 111 Antagonism
D2S 0.69 Partial agonism
D2L 0.49 Partial agonism
D3 0.085 Partial agonism
H1 23 Inverse agonism/antagonism

Pharmacokinetics

Cariprazine has high oral bioavailability and can cross the blood brain barrier easily in humans because it is lipophilic.[2] In rats, the oral bioavailability was 52 % (with a dose of 1 mg/kg).[7]

………………………

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/EP1663996A1?cl=en

Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3- dimethyl-urea (compound 1 )

Example 1 1-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-[1,4]diazepine (starting material)

2.25 g (10 mmol) 1-bromo-2,3-dichloro-benzene was dissolved in dry toluene (50 ml), 2.3 (11 mmol) of [1 ,4]diazepine-1 -carboxylic acid tert-butylester was added followed by 0.2 g BINAP (2,2-bis(diphenylρhosphino)-1 ,1′-binaphtyl), 85 mg tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) and 1.2 g (12mmol) sodium-tert-butoxyde. The reaction mixture was refluxed for eight hours and filtered. The organic layer was washed with water, dried and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by chromatography and deprotected at 10 °C using 20 ml ethylacetate saturated with gaseous hydrochloric acid, the precipitate was filtered giving 2.1 g (yield: 75 %) hydrochloride salt of the title compound, melting at 182-3 °C. Example 2 Trans-N-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-phenyl)-hexahydro-[1 ,4]diazepin-1-yl]-ethyl]- cyclohexyl}-carbamic acid tert-butylester (intermediate) 0.7 g (2.5 mmol) of 1 -(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-[1 ,4]diazepine hydrochloride and

0.6 g (2.5 mmol) of frat?s-2-{1 -[4-(N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl)amino]cyclohexyl}- acetaldehyde were dissolved in dichloroethane (35 ml), 0.35 ml (2.5 mmol) triethylamine was added, then 0.79 g (3.7 mmol) sodium triacetoxyborohydride was added portionswise and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 hours at ambient temperature, then 20 % potassium carbonate solution in water (20 ml) was added. The organic layer was separated, dried and evaporated to dryness in vacuo. The precipitate was recrystallized from acetonitrile to give the title compound 1 .0 g (yield: 85.8 %), m.p.: 95-8 °C. Example 3

Trans-4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-phenyl)-hexahydro-[1 ,4]diazepin-1-yl]-ethyl]- cyclohexylamine (intermediate)

0.93 g (2.1 mmol) frarjs-N-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-phenyl)-hexahydro- [1 ,4]diazepin-1 -yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-carbamic acid tert-butylester was deprotected at

10 °C using 15 ml ethylacetate saturated with gaseous hydrochloric acid, after 4 hours the precipitate was filtered giving 0.91 g (yield: 98 %) dihydrochloride salt of the title compound, melting at 260-6 °C. Method A

Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yi]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3- dimethyl-urea (compound 1 ) 1 .39g (3 mmol) trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-ρiperazin-1 -yl]-ethyl}- cyclohexyl-amine trihydrochloride was suspended in dichloromethane (100 ml), triethylamine (2.1 ml, 15 mmol) was added followed by 0.30 ml (3.3 mmol) N,N- dimethylcarbamoylchloride. The reaction mixture was stirred for 48 hours at room temperature, filtered. The filtrate was washed with water (2 x 20 ml), dried and evaporated in vacuo. Recrystallizing from methanol gave the title compound (0.83 g, 65 %), melting at 212-4 °C.

Method B

7rans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3-ethyl- urea (compound 2) 0.56g (1.2 mmol) trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}- cyclohexyl-amine was dissolved in dry dichloromethane (20 ml), ethylisocyanate (0.1 ml, 1.3 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was stirred with water, the precipitate was filtered, giving the title compound (0.33 g, 65 %). Melting point:

235-8 °C.

Method C rrans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3- dimethyl-urea (compound 1 )

0.56g (1.2 mmol) trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}- cyclohexyl-amine trihydrochloride was suspended in dry dichloromethane (50 ml), triethylamine 0.77 ml, 6 mmol) was added and 0.13g (0.44 mmol) triphosgene dissolved in dichloromethane was dropped in. After one hour stirring at room temperature dimetilamine hydrochloride (0.49 g, 6 mmol) followed by triethylamine (0.84 ml, 6 mmol) was added and the stirring was continued for 20 hours. The mixture was filtered, the filtrate washed with water, dried and evaporated in vacuo. Recrystallizing the product from methanol gave the title compound (0.27 g, 52 %). Melting point: 212-4 °C.

……………………

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/US20090023750

U.S. Patent Publication No. 2006/0229297 discloses (thio)-carbamoyl-cyclohexane derivatives that are D3 and D2 dopamine receptor subtype preferring ligands, having the formula (I):

Figure US20090023750A1-20090122-C00001

(I)

wherein R1, R2, X, and n are as defined therein. One particular compound disclosed therein is trans-1{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3-dimethyl-urea, which is also known as trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}-N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl-cyclohexylamine, the structural formula for which is shown below:

Figure US20090023750A1-20090122-C00002

Compounds of formula (I) act as a dopamine receptor antagonists, particularly D3/D2 receptor antagonists, and are useful in the treatment and prevention of pathological conditions which require modulation of dopamine receptors.

In some cases, an appropriate salt of an active may improve certain properties suitable for pharmaceutical compounds (i.e., stability, handling properties, ease of large scale synthesis, etc.). However, selection of a suitable salt for a particular active agent is not always straightforward, since the properties of salts of different compounds formed with the same salt forming agent may differ greatly. Moreover, formation of particular salts of a compound possessing more than one basic centre may be difficult to achieve in high yield due to formation of multiple products.

…………………..

see

WO 2011073705

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2011073705A1?cl=en

We have surprisingly found that by reacting trans 4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)- piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}-cyclohexylamine of formula (III)

Figure imgf000004_0001

with a carbonic acid derivative of general formula (VI)R-O-CO-Z (VI)

then reacting the compound of general formula (IV) obtained

Figure imgf000005_0001

 

with an amine derivative of general formula (V)

get the compounds of general formula (I)

Figure imgf000006_0001

 

EXAMPLES

The invention is illustrated by the following non-limiting examples.

Example 1

Trans N-(4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}-cyclohexyl)-carbamic acid methylester 6.45 g (0.015 mol) of dihydrochloride of compound of formula (III) was added to a mixture of 125 ml dichloromethane and 12.25 ml triethylamine and the thick suspension obtained was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C for one hour. The so obtained suspension was added to a solution of 2.3 ml (0.03 mol) methyl chloroformate in 25 ml of dichloromethane at a temperature between 5-10°C. The reaction mixture obtained was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C for 3 hours then extracted with 3×150 ml (150 g) of distilled water. The organic phase was evaporated in vacuum and the residue was recrystallized from methanol. In this manner 4.5 g of the title product was obtained.

Yield: 72 %.

Melting point: 143-147 °C

Example 2

Trans N-(4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}-cyclohexyl)-carbamic acid isopropylester

6.45 g (0.015 mol) of dihydrochloride of compound of formula (III) was added to a mixture of 125 ml dichloromethane and 12.25 ml of triethylamine and the thick suspension obtained was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C-on for one hour. The suspension was added to a solution of 3.7 g (0.03 mol) of isopropyl chloroformate in 30 ml of toluene at a temperature between 5-10°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C for 3 hours and then extracted with 3×150 ml (150 g) of distilled water. The organic phase was evaporated in vacuum and the residue obtained was recrystallized from isopropanole.

In this manner 4,4 g of title compound was obtained. Yield: 67 %.

Melting point: 128-131°C

Example 3

Trans 4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}-N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl- cyclohexylamine

6.45 g (0.015 mol) of dihydrochloride of compound of formula (III) was added to a mixture of 125 ml of dichloromethane and 12.25 ml of triethylamine and the thick suspension obtained was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C for one hour. The suspension was added to a solution of 4.9 g of bis(trichloromethyl)carbonate in 50 ml of dichloromethane at a temperature between -5-(-10)°C for one hour. The reaction mixture obtained was added to a solution of 13 g dimethylamine in 100 ml isopropyl alcohol (IP A) (40 ml, 0.12 mol) cooled at a temperature between 0-(-10)°C during which the temperature of the reaction mixture was kept under 0°C. After stirring at a temperature between 0-(-5)°C for 30 minutes to the reaction mixture 100 ml of distilled water was added under stirring. Then the pH of the aqueous phase was adjusted to 7-8 by adding concentrated hydrochloric acid and volume of the reaction mixture was concentrated to 130 ml under vacuum. To the reaction mixture obtained additional 70 ml of distilled water was added and the mixture was concentrated to 170 ml under vacuum. The suspension was stirred at 20-25°C for one hour and the product obtained was isolated by filtration.

In this manner 6.6 g of title compound was obtained.

Yield: 95 %

Melting point: 208-211 °C Example 4

Trans 4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyI}-N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl- cyclohexylamine 4.4 g (0.011 mol) of trans N-(4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}- cyclohexyl)-carbamic acid methylester was dissolved in 120 ml of dichloromethane. The solution obtained was added to a solution of 13 g dimethylamine in 100 ml isopropyl alcohol (IP A) (100 ml, 0.3 mol) cooled at a temperature between 0-(-10)°C during which the temperature of the reaction mixture was kept under 0°C. After stirring at a temperature between 0-(-5)°C for 30 minutes to the reaction mixture 100 ml of distilled water was added under stirring. Then the pH of the aqueous phase was adjusted to 7-8 by adding concentrated hydrochloric acid and volume of the reaction mixture was concentrated to 100 ml under vacuum. To the reaction mixture obtained additional 70 ml of distilled water was added and the mixture was concentrated to 120 ml under vacuum. The suspension was stirred at 20-25°C for one hour and the product obtained was isolated by filtration.

In this manner 4.3 g of title compound was obtained.

Yield: 95 %

Melting point: 208-211 °C

Example 5

Trans 4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}-N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl- cyclohexylamine hydrochloride 6.45 g (0.015 mol) dihydrochloride of formula (III) was added to a mixture of 125 ml of dichloromethane and 12.25 ml of triethylamine and the thick suspension obtained was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C for one hour. The suspension was added to the solution of 4.9 g of bis(trichloromethyl)carbonate in 50 ml of dichloromethane at a temperature between -5-(-10)°C for one hour. The reaction mixture obtained was added to a solution of 13 g dimethylamine in 100 ml isopropyl alcohol (IP A) (40 ml, 0.12 mol) cooled at a temperature between 0-(-10)°C during which the temperature of the reaction mixture was kept under 0°C. After stirring at a temperature between 0-(-5)°C for 30 minutes 100 ml of distilled water was added to the reaction mixture under stirring. Then the pH of the aqueous phase is adjusted to 2-3 by adding concentrated hydrochloric acid and the reaction mixture was concentrated to 130 ml, additional 70 ml of distilled water was added and the mixture was concentrated to 170 ml. The suspension was stirred at 20-25°C for one hour and the product obtained was isolated by filtration.

In this manner 6.7 g of title compound was obtained.

Yield: 96 %

Melting point: 221-224 °C

Example 6

Trans 4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazine-l-yl]-ethyl}-N,N-dimethylcarbamoil- cyclohexylamine hydrochloride 6.72 g (0.015 mol) dihydrochloride monohydrate of compound of formula (III) was added to a mixture of 125 ml of dichloromethane and 12.25 ml of triethylamine and the thick suspension obtained was stirred at a temperature between 20-25 °C for one hour. The suspension was added to the solution of 4.9 g of bis(trichloromethyl)carbonate in 50 ml of dichloromethane at a temperature between -5-(-10)°C for one hour. The reaction mixture obtained was added to a solution of 13 g dimethylamine in 100 ml isopropyl alcohol (IP A) (40 ml, 0,12 mol) cooled at a temperature between 0-(-10)°C during which the temperature of the reaction mixture was kept under 0°C. After stirring at a temperature between 0-(-5)°C for 30 minutes to the reaction mixture 100 ml of distilled water was added and the pH of the aqueous phase was adjusted to 2-3 by adding concentrated hydrochloric acid. The reaction mixture was concentrated to 130 ml under vacuum then additional 70 ml of water was added and the mixture was concentrated to 170 ml. The suspension was stirred at a temperature between 20-25°C for one hour and the product obtained was isolated by filtration.

In this manner 6.7 g of title compound was obtained.

Yield: 96 %.

Melting point: 221-224 °C

………………………………………

SEE

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2014031162A1?cl=en

……………………………….

PAPER

Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume 22, Issue 10,  (15 May 2012)

  • Discovery of cariprazine (RGH-188): A novel antipsychotic acting on dopamine D3/D2 receptors

  • Pages 3437-3440
  • Éva Ágai-Csongor, György Domány, Katalin Nógrádi, János Galambos, István Vágó, György Miklós Keserű, István Greiner, István Laszlovszky, Anikó Gere, Éva Schmidt, Béla Kiss, Mónika Vastag, Károly Tihanyi, Katalin Sághy, Judit Laszy, István Gyertyán, Mária Zájer-Balázs, Larisza Gémesi, Margit Kapás, Zsolt Szombathelyi
  • Cariprazine, a potential atypical antipsychotic agent has been identified during the optimization of novel series of 4-aryl-piperazine derivatives. The recently available top line results from pivotal clinical trials demonstrated the safety and efficacy of cariprazine in bipolar mania and schizophrenia indications.

    image

………………………………………….

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2013 ,  vol. 56,  22  pg. 9199 – 9221

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm401318w

Abstract Image

Biased agonism offers an opportunity for the medicinal chemist to discover pathway-selective ligands for GPCRs. A number of studies have suggested that biased agonism at the dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) may be advantageous for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. As such, it is of great importance to gain insight into the SAR of biased agonism at this receptor. We have generated SAR based on a novel D2R partial agonist, tert-butyl (trans-4-(2-(3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl)ethyl)cyclohexyl)carbamate (4). This ligand shares structural similarity to cariprazine (2), a drug awaiting FDA approval for the treatment of schizophrenia, yet displays a distinct bias toward two different signaling end points. We synthesized a number of derivatives of 4 with subtle structural modifications, including incorporation of cariprazine fragments. By combining pharmacological profiling with analytical methodology to identify and to quantify bias, we have demonstrated that efficacy and biased agonism can be finely tuned by minor structural modifications to the head group containing the tertiary amine, a tail group that extends away from this moiety, and the orientation and length of a spacer region between these two moieties.

3-(trans-4-(2-(4-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl)ethyl)cyclohexyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (2).(ref…………Ágai-Csongor, É.; Domány, G.; Nógrádi, K.; Galambos, J.; Vágó, I.; Keserű, G. M.; Greiner, I.; Laszlovszky, I.; Gere, A.; Schmidt, É.; Kiss, B.; Vastag, M.; Tihanyi, K.; Sághy,K.; Laszy, J.; Gyertyán, I.; Zájer-Balázs, M.; Gémesi, L.; Kapás, M.; Szombathelyi,Z.Discovery of cariprazine (RGH-188): A novel antipsychotic acting on dopamine D3/D2receptors Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2012, 22, 34373440)

Using 50 (40 mg, 112 μmol) as the amine, following general procedure F the product was eluted (CHCl3/CH3OH, 20:1 to 10:1) to give the title compound as a white solid (27 mg, 56%).
mp: 208–209 °C.
1H NMR
δ 7.18–7.10 (m, 2H), 6.99–6.92 (m, 1H), 4.12 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.64–3.49 (m, 1H), 3.07 (br s, 4H), 2.88 (s, 6H), 2.63 (br s, 4H), 2.50–2.39 (m, 2H), 2.07–1.94 (m, 2H), 1.82–1.72 (m, 2H), 1.52–1.37 (m, 2H), 1.31–1.18 (m, 1H), 1.18–0.99 (m, 4H).
13C NMR
δ 157.8 (C), 151.3 (C), 134.0 (C), 127.5 (C), 127.4 (CH), 124.5 (CH), 118.6 (CH), 56.7 (CH2), 53.4 (CH2), 51.3 (CH2), 49.8 (CH), 36.1 (CH3), 35.7 (CH), 34.0 (CH2), 33.9 (CH2), 32.1 (CH2).
HPLCtR = 8.60 min, >99% purity.
HRMS (m/z): [MH]+ calcd for C21H32Cl2N4O, 427.2026; found, 427.2022.
Intermediate 50
trans-4-(2-(4-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl)ethyl)cyclohexanamine (50).
Figure imgf000004_0001
Starting with 32, following general procedure D gave the title compound as a pale-yellow wax (99%). 1H NMR δ 7.19–7.09 (m, 2H), 6.99–6.92 (m, 1H), 3.07 (br s, 4H), 2.74–2.55 (m, 5H), 2.48–2.36 (m, 2H), 1.92–1.81 (m, 2H), 1.81–1.72 (m, 2H), 1.50–1.32 (m, 4H), 1.30–1.16 (m, 1H), 1.15–0.92 (m, 4H). 13C NMR δ 151.5 (C), 134.2 (C), 127.6 (C), 127.6 (CH), 124.6 (CH), 118.7 (CH), 56.9 (CH2), 53.6 (CH2), 51.5 (CH2), 50.9 (CH), 36.9 (CH2), 35.7 (CH), 34.2 (CH2), 32.3 (CH2).
INTERMEDIATE 32
Figure
tert-Butyl (trans-4-(2-(4-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl)ethyl)cyclohexyl)carbamate (32).(Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2012, 22, 34373440)
Using 16 (200 mg, 829 μmol) as the aldehyde and 28 (230 mg, 995 μmol) as the amine, following general procedure C. Purification by flash column chromatography (petroleum spirits/EtOAc, 5:1) gave the title compound as a white wax (262 mg, 69%). mp: 143–145 °C. 1H NMR δ 7.17–7.10 (m, 2H), 6.99–6.92 (m, 1H), 4.37 (br s, 1H), 3.37 (br s, 1H), 3.07 (br s, 4H), 2.62 (br s, 4H), 2.48–2.38 (m, 2H), 2.04–1.92 (m, 2H), 1.82–1.73 (m, 2H), 1.49–1.37 (m, 11H), 1.30–1.17 (m, 1H), 1.15–0.97 (m, 4H). 13C NMR δ 155.3 (C), 151.5 (C), 134.2 (C), 127.64 (C), 127.56 (CH), 124.7 (CH), 118.7 (CH), 79.2 (C), 56.7 (CH2), 53.5 (CH2), 51.5 (CH2), 50.0 (CH), 35.6 (CH), 34.0 (CH2), 33.6 (CH2), 32.1 (CH2), 28.6 (CH3). HPLC tR = 9.62 min, >99% purity. HRMS (m/z): [MH]+ calcd for C23H35Cl2N3O2, 456.2179; found, 456.2195.
INTERMEDIATE 16
tert-Butyl (trans-4-(2-Oxoethyl)cyclohexyl)carbamate (16).(J. Med. Chem. 2000, 43, 18781885)
TERT-BUTYL (CIS-4-(2-OXOETHYL)CYCLOHEXYL)CARBAMATE
Using 12 (1.25 g, 4.38 mmol) as the starting material, following general procedure B the material was purified by column chromatography (petroleum spirits/EtOAc, gradient 6:1 to 4:1), giving the title compound as a white wax (944 mg, 89%, lit.(15) 53%). 1H NMR δ 9.75 (t, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 4.47 (br s, 1H), 3.37 (br s, 1H), 2.32 (dd, J = 6.6, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 2.04–1.97 (m, 2H), 1.89–1.75 (m, 3H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.21–1.03 (m, 4H). 13C NMR δ 202.2 (CH), 155.3 (C), 79.2 (C), 50.7 (CH2), 49.5 (CH), 33.2 (CH2), 31.8 (CH2), 31.7 (CH), 28.5 (CH3).
INTERMEDIATE 12
Ethyl 2-(trans-4-((tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino)cyclohexyl)acetate (12).(Patent WO 2007/093540 A1,)
ChemSpider 2D Image | Ethyl [trans-4-({[(2-methyl-2-propanyl)oxy]carbonyl}amino)cyclohexyl]acetate | C15H27NO4Ethyl [trans-4-({[(2-methyl-2-propanyl)oxy]carbonyl}amino)cyclohexyl]acetate
Using 8 (682 mg, 3.07 mmol) as the starting material, following general procedure A gave the product as white needles (746 mg, 94%). Determination of diastereomeric purity (>95% trans) was achieved by 1H NMR analysis. The trans stereoisomer (12) exhibited a characteristic resonance at δ 2.18 ppm, whereas the cis stereoisomer (15) exhibited the equivalent resonance at δ 2.24 ppm. 1H NMR δ 4.52 (br s, 1H), 4.12 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.37 (br s, 1H), 2.18 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.04–1.95 (m, 2H), 1.84–1.66 (m, 3H), 1.43 (s, 9H), 1.25 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.20–1.01 (m, 4H). 13C NMR δ 172.8 (C), 155.2 (C), 78.9 (C), 60.1 (CH2), 49.4 (CH), 41.4 (CH2), 33.4 (CH), 33.1 (CH2), 31.5 (CH2), 28.4 (CH3), 14.2 (CH3).
INTERMEDIATE 8
ChemSpider 2D Image | Ethyl (trans-4-aminocyclohexyl)acetate hydrochloride (1:1) | C10H20ClNO2Ethyl (trans-4-aminocyclohexyl)acetate hydrochloride (1:1)
Ethyl 2-(Trans-4-aminocyclohexyl)acetate Hydrochloride (8).(Patent WO 2010/070368 A1, )

Following an adapted literature procedure,(38) 10% Pd/C (881 mg, 828 μmol) was carefully added to an orange suspension of 5 (5.00 g, 27.6 mmol) in H2O (150 mL). The reaction mixture was hydrogenated on a Parr shaker at 60 psi at rt for 3 days until the uptake of hydrogen was complete and no starting materials remained by TLC (CHCl3/CH3OH, 1:1). The mixture was filtered through a Celite pad and washed with water (30 mL), and the filtrate evaporated to dryness in vacuo to reveal a white solid. The material was taken up in absolute EtOH (70 mL) to which concentrated HCl (10 mL) was addedm and the mixture was heated at reflux for 2 h. TLC confirmed ethyl ester formation, and the solvents were concentrated in vacuo. The material was basified with a 1 M NaOH solution to pH 14, and a white precipitate emerged. The product was then extracted from the mixture with EtOAc (3 × 30 mL), and the combined organic extracts were washed with brine and then dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The product was then converted to the HCl salt by the addition of 1 M HCl in Et2O (27.6 mL, 27.6 mmol), and the solvents were concentrated to half volume in vacuo. The solution was then cooled to 0 °C, resulting in fractional crystallization of the trans stereoisomer as a white solid, which was then collected by filtration and washed with cold CH3CN (1.34 g, 22%). mp: 164–166 °C (lit.(J. Med. Chem. 1998, 41, 76077)
162–163 °C).
1H NMR (MeOD) δ 4.11 (q, 2H, J = 7.1 Hz), 3.05 (tt, 1H, J = 11.8, 3.9 Hz), 2.24 (d, 2H,J = 7.0 Hz), 2.11–2.00 (m, 2H), 1.93–1.83 (m, 2H), 1.83–1.68 (m, 1H), 1.43 (qd, 2H, J = 12.8, 3.6 Hz), 1.24 (t, 3H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.14 (qd, 2H, J = 13.3, 3.3 Hz). 13C NMR (CD3OD) δ 174.2 (C), 61.4 (CH2), 51.2 (CH), 41.8 (CH2), 34.7 (CH), 31.50 (CH2), 31.47 (CH2), 14.6 (CH3).
………………………..
METABOLITES

the metabolite of the present invention is selected from:

Figure US08765765-20140701-C00006
EXAMPLESThe metabolites of the present invention were synthetized according to the following procedures:Example 1Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1-oxo-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3-dimethyl-urea (compound D)

Figure US08765765-20140701-C00007

0.8 g (1.6 mmol) trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3-dimethyl-urea was dissolved in dichloromethane (60 ml). A solution of 0.54 g (2.4 mmol) 3-chloro-perbenzoic acid in dichloromethane (10 ml) was dropped in and the reaction mixture stirred for 24 hours at room temperature. The reaction was monitored by TLC. The solution was washed twice with saturated NaHCO3 solution, the organic layer dried and evaporated in vacuo. Flash chromatography gave 0.45 g (63.3%) of the title compound melting at 175-8° C.

Example 2Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3-dimethyl-urea (compound C)

Figure US08765765-20140701-C00008

0.92 g (2 mmol) trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}-cyclohexyl-amine dihydrochloride was suspended in dichloromethane (60 ml), triethylamine (1.26 ml, 9 mmol) was added followed by 0.21 ml (2.3 mmol) N,N-dimethylcarbamoylchloride. The reaction mixture was stirred for 48 hours at room temperature. The solution was washed with water (2×10 ml), dried and evaporated in vacuo. Purification with flash chromatography gave 0.66 g trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3,3-dimethyl-urea, melting at 196-8° C. This product was dissolved in dichloromethane (60 ml), then 6.4 ml (6.4 mmol) borontribromid solution (1M in CH2Cl2) was dropped in at 5° C. and the mixture stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction was monitored by TLC. 4 ml methanol was added, followed by 25 ml saturated NaHCO3 solution. After separation the organic layer was dried and evaporated in vacuo. Purification with flash chromatography gave 0.4 g of the title compound, melting at 278-80° C.

Example 3Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3-methyl-urea (compound B)

Figure US08765765-20140701-C00009

1.38 g (3 mmol) trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}-cyclohexyl-amine dihydrochloride was suspended in dry dichloromethane (100 ml), triethylamine (1.72 ml, 12.4 mmol) was added and 0.34 g (1.14 mmol) triphosgene dissolved in dichloromethane was dropped in. After one hour stirring at room temperature methylamine (33% solution in ethanol) was added and the stirring was continued for 20 hours. The mixture was evaporated. 20 ml water was added, the precipitate filtered, washed with water, dried. Recrystallizing the product from methanol gave trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-3-methyl-urea (0.86 g, 65%) melting above 250° C. This product was dissolved in dichloromethane (60 ml), then 10 ml (10 mmol) borontribromid solution (1M in CH2Cl2) was dropped in at 5° C. and the mixture stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction was monitored by TLC. 4 ml methanol was added and the mixture evaporated. 35 ml saturated NaHCO3 solution was added. The precipitate was filtered, washed with water and dried, recrystallized from methanol giving 0.34 g of title compound, melting at 237-41° C.

Example 4Trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-urea (compound A)

Figure US08765765-20140701-C00010

1.38 g (3 mmol) trans-4-{2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}-cyclohexyl-amine dihydrochloride was suspended in dry dichloromethane (100 ml), triethylamine 1.72 ml, 12.4 mmol) was added and 0.34 g (1.14 mmol) triphosgene dissolved in dichloromethane was dropped in. After one hour stirring at room temperature ammonia (20% solution in methanol) was added and the stirring was continued for 20 hours. The mixture was evaporated. 20 ml water was added, the precipitate filtered, washed with water, dried. Recrystallizing the product from methanol gave 0.86 g trans-1-{4-[2-[4-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxy-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl]-cyclohexyl}-urea melting above 250° C. This product was dissolved in dichloromethane (60 ml), then 10 ml (10 mmol) borontribromid solution (1M in CH2Cl2) was dropped in at 5° C. and the mixture stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction was monitored by TLC. 4 ml methanol was added and the mixture evaporated. 35 ml saturated NaHCO3 solution was added. The precipitate was filtered, washed with water and dried, recrystallized from methanol giving 0.37 g of title compound, melting at 195-8° C.

WO2005012266A1 * May 21, 2004 Feb 10, 2005 Richter Gedeon Vegyeszet (thio) carbamoyl-cyclohexane derivatives as d3/d2 receptor antagonists
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HU0302451A2 Title not available

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Richter Gedeon Gyógyszergyár

 

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