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DRUG DISCOVERY PRESENTATION BY DR ANTHONY CRASTO
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Let’s Set a Global Drug Quality Benchmark by Kiran M Shaw, Biocon
With Indian-made generics accounting for a US market share of over 25 per cent, it is not surprising that it is gaining significant mindshare of the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA). The spate of quality issues with leading Indian pharmaceutical companies in the past couple of years however should not be viewed in isolation. Big Pharma in the West, too, has been facing increasing flak from the FDA and other regulators over good manufacturing practice ( GMP) violations. High profile names like J& J, Genzyme (Sanofi), GSK, Sandoz, Watson, Teva and many others have encountered their share of quality problems and have been served with ‘warning letters’ from FDA
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Roche wins FDA approval for novel diabetes Dx
Roche’s next-generation diabetes diagnostic works on the Cobas Integra 800 analyzer. –Courtesy of Roche
Read more: Roche wins FDA approval for novel diabetes Dx – FierceMedicalDevices
Vital 5 Receives Clearance from the FDA for a First-To-Market, Dual Function Catheter System that Provides Simultaneous Anesthetic Infusion and Wound Drainage, ReLeaf™
Mar 6, 2013 ,
Vital 5, LLC, a VentureMD portfolio company, announces that it has received clearance from the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for ReLeaf™, a first-to-market, dual function catheter system that provides simultaneous anesthetic infusion and wound drainage.
Continuous anesthetic infusion to the surgical site in the immediate post-operative period has been clinically proven to provide significant improvements to pain management, but this therapy is currently not compatible with the millions of surgical cases where a wound drain is prescribed. By offering an integrated system that provides effective continuous local anesthetic infusion while also providing an effective wound drain function, the Vital 5 ReLeaf will greatly expand the number of patients who can benefit from local anesthetic infusion therapy.
The clinical applications for the Vital 5 ReLeaf include any invasive surgical procedure, including spine, orthopedic, cardiothoracic, plastic, general, obstetrics and gynecological procedures.
About Vital 5, LLC
Vital 5 is an early stage medical device company focused on developing advanced catheter technologies to meet the increasing demand for improved post-operative pain management.
VentureMD (venturemd.com) is an angel capital firm and medical device incubator focused on musculoskeletal products. The company provides financial, human and intellectual capital to start-up medical device companies. Focused on the orthopedic, spine, endoscopy and dental markets, the company partners with entrepreneurs, inventors, technology transfer offices and seed stage start-ups to launch and manage new medical device companies.
Phase III Study of Teva’s Milprosa (Progesterone) Vaginal Ring Published in Fertility and Sterility
Data Demonstrated Once-Weekly Milprosa™ Provides Similar Pregnancy Rates to Daily 8 Percent Progesterone Vaginal Gel
Mar 4, 2013 –
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. today announced the publication of results of the Phase III clinical trial of Milprosa™ (progesterone) vaginal ring in Fertility and Sterility. The study compared the efficacy and safety of once-weekly Milprosa™ to daily 8 percent progesterone vaginal gel for luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization (IVF) and found that clinical pregnancy rates per retrieval at eight and 12 weeks were comparable between patient groups. Adverse event (AE) profiles were similar between the two treatment groups and consistent with known AEs associated with progesterone.
“The study results demonstrate that Milprosa™ may be an effective and safe option for progesterone supplementation during the luteal phase among women undergoing IVF,” said Laurel Stadtmauer, M.D., Ph.D., professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine at Eastern Virginia Medical School and study author. “Since normal luteal function may be compromised among women undergoing IVF, progesterone supplementation is essential and the more options patients have, the better. If approved, the once-weekly dosing of Milprosa™ may offer convenience for patients.”
The Phase III randomized, single-blinded, multicenter, noninferiority study was conducted at 22 clinical sites in the U.S. and included 1,297 patients between the ages of 18 and 42. Of enrolled patients, 646 were randomized to Milprosa™ and 651 to the 8 percent progesterone vaginal gel.
“The Fertility and Sterility publication of the Milprosa™ Phase III data is a significant milestone for Teva, especially because fertility is a meaningful new area of specialization for the company and one in which significant unmet need exists,” said Jill DeSimone, senior vice president & general manager, Global Teva Women’s Health. “We look forward to continuing to share important updates about Milprosa™ and demonstrating our investment in and commitment to women’s health.”
About the Study
The Phase III study randomized patients into two treatment groups: one group received once-weekly Milprosa™ and the other received daily 8 percent progesterone vaginal gel. Milprosa™ and the vaginal gel were initiated on the day following egg retrieval and continued through 12 weeks’ gestation. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing clinical pregnancy rates of patients at eight and 12 weeks gestation.
- At week eight, clinical pregnancy rates per retrieval were 48.0 percent for the Milprosa™ group and 47.2 percent for the vaginal gel group (between-group difference, 0.8%; 95% CI, -4.6%, 6.3%).
- At week 12, clinical pregnancy rates per retrieval for Milprosa™ and the vaginal gel were 46.4 percent and 45.2 percent respectively (between-group difference, 1.3%; 95% CI, -4.1%, 6.7%).
A secondary efficacy endpoint was the rate of live birth.
- The overall live birth rate per retrieval for women using Milprosa™ was 45.2 percent; among women using the vaginal gel, the rate was 43.3 percent.
- The majority of patients pregnant at week 12, when progesterone treatment ended, went on to have a live birth: 97.4 percent for the Milprosa™ group and 96.5 percent for the vaginal gel group.
The most commonly reported adverse events (those greater than or equal to 10% in the Milprosa™ treatment group) were nausea, headache, abdominal pain, post-procedural discomfort, abdominal distension, back pain, fatigue, vomiting and constipation. Serious adverse events (SAEs) occurred in approximately 12 percent of all patients, with no significant difference in the rate between treatment groups. The majority of SAEs that occurred were mild to moderate in severity and not related to treatment. Rates of discontinuation of treatment due to AEs were low and similar between both groups (approximately 6%).
About Milprosa™ (Progesterone) Vaginal Ring
Milprosa™ is an investigational, once-weekly progesterone ring inserted in the vagina. It is flexible and designed to continuously release a steady dose of micronized progesterone. Milprosa™ is in development to support embryo transplantation and early pregnancy (up to 10 weeks post-embryo transfer) by supplementation of corpus luteal function as part of an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatment program for infertile women.
About Supplementation of Corpus Luteal Function
The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine gland that develops during the luteal phase of a woman’s menstrual cycle. It is an important contributor of progesterone and is critical for the maintenance of early pregnancy. During in vitro fertilization, progesterone supplementation is needed because natural levels of the hormone may be insufficient. This supplementation improves implantation rates and thus pregnancy rates. Additionally, progesterone supplementation supports early pregnancy.
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. (NYSE: TEVA) is a leading global pharmaceutical company, committed to increasing access to high-quality healthcare by developing, producing and marketing affordable generic drugs as well as innovative and specialty pharmaceuticals and active pharmaceutical ingredients. Headquartered in Israel, Teva is the world’s leading generic drug maker, with a global product portfolio of more than 1,000 molecules and a direct presence in about 60 countries. Teva’s branded businesses focus on CNS, oncology, pain, respiratory and women’s health therapeutic areas as well as biologics. Teva currently employs approximately 46,000 people around the world and reached $20.3 billion in net revenues in 2012.
FDA approves first retinal implant for adults with rare genetic eye disease
Second Sight Medical Products, Inc., is the manufacturer and is already approved in Europe
Argus II components (credit: FDA)
The Argus II design consists of an external video camera system matched to the implanted retinal stimulator, which contains a microelectrode array that spans 20 degrees of visual field.
An external camera system, built into a pair of glasses, streams video to a belt-worn computer, which converts the video into stimulus commands for the implant.
The belt-worn video processing unit (computer) encodes the commands into a wireless signal that is transmitted to the implant, which has the necessary electronics to receive and decode both wireless power and data.
Artificial retina device, consisting of a glasses-mounted camera and a microchip surgically implanted on the retina
Based on those data, the implant stimulates the retina with small electrical pulses. The electronics are hermetically packaged and the electrical stimulus is delivered to the retina via a microelectrode array.