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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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EGF 816 , Nazartinib


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EGF 816, Nazartinib

EGF-816; EGFRmut-TKI EGF816

Novartis Ag innovator

(R,E)-N-(7-chloro-1-(1-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide

(R,E)-N-(7-chloro-l-(l-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2 -yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide

NCI-H1975 (L858R/T790M): 25 nM
H3255 (L858R): 9 nM
HCC827 (Del ex19): 11 nM

M.Wt 495.02
Formula C26H31ClN6O2
CAS No 1508250-71-2

EGF816 is a novel covalent inhibitor of mutant-selective EGFR; overcomes T790M-mediated resistance in NSCLC.

Epidermal growth factor receptor antagonists; Protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors

  • Phase IINon-small cell lung cancer
  • Phase I/IISolid tumours
    • 01 Feb 2015Phase-II clinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer (Late-stage disease, Combination therapy) in Singapore (PO) (NCT02323126)
    • 24 Nov 2014Phase-I/II clinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer (Combination therapy, Late-stage disease) in Spain (PO) after November 2014 (EudraCT2014-000726-37)
    • 24 Nov 2014Phase-I/II clinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer (Combination therapy, Late-stage disease) in Germany (PO)
Determine MTD, or recommended phase II dose in patients with NSCLC harboring EGFR mutations, in combination with INC280 Recruiting
Phase I/II (NCT02335944)
Determine MTD, or recommended phase II dose in adult patients with EGFRm+ solid malignancies Recruiting
Phase I/II (NCT02108964)
Determine efficacy and safety in patients with previously treated NSCLC, in combination with nivolumab Recruiting
Phase II (NCT02323126)

In November 2015, FDA approved osimertinib (Tagrisso™) for the treatment of patients with metastatic EGFR T790M mutation-positive NSCLC, who have progressed on or after EGFR TKI therapy. Based on the clinical performance of the third generation EGFR drugs, more regulatory approvals can be expected.

Nazartinib, also known as EGF816, is an orally available, irreversible, third-generation, mutant-selective epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, with potential antineoplastic activity. EGF816 covalently binds to and inhibits the activity of mutant forms of EGFR, including the T790M EGFR mutant, thereby preventing EGFR-mediated signaling. This may both induce cell death and inhibit tumor growth in EGFR-overexpressing tumor cells. EGF816 preferentially inhibits mutated forms of EGFR including T790M, a secondarily acquired resistance mutation, and may have therapeutic benefits in tumors with T790M-mediated resistance when compared to other EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors

PATENT

WO 2016016822

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2016016822

PATENT

WO 2015081463

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2015081463A1?cl=en

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015085482&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

Intermediate 26

1055 (R)-tert-butyl 3-(2-amino-7-chloro- 1 H-benzo[dlimidazol- 1 -yOazepane- 1 -carboxylate

Step A: (R)-tert-butyl 3 -((2-chloro-6-nitrophenyl)amino)azepane-l -carboxylate (I-26a) was prepared following procedures analogous to 1-15, Step A, using the appropriate starting materials. JH-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d 8.00-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.02-6.51

1060 (m, 2H), 4.31-4.03 (m, 1H), 3.84-2.98 (m, 4H), 1.98-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.46-1.39 (m, 10H); MS calculated for Ci7H25ClN304 (M+H+) 370.15, found 370.10.

Step B: A mixture of I-26a (7.5 g, 19.5 mmol) and Zn (12.8 mg, 195 mmol) in AcOH (22 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction was basified with saturated aqueous Na2C03 solution, filtered, and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 80 mL). The combined

1065 organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-((2-amino-6-chlorophenyl)amino)azepane-l -carboxylate (I-26b). MS calculated for Ci7H27ClN302 (M+H+) 340.17, found 340.10. The crude was used in the next step without further purification.

Step C: The title compound (Intermediate 26) was prepared from I-26b following

1070 procedures analogous to 1-15, Step C. 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d Ί .34-126 (m, 1H),

7.04-6.97 (m, 2H), 6.05-5.85 (m, 1H), 5.84-5.72 (m, 1H), 5.50-5.37 (m, 0.5H), 5.10-4.80(m, 0.5H), 4.41-4.23(m, 1H), 4.09-3.96(m, 0.5H), 3.94-3.81 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.22-3.14 (m, 0.5H), 2.84-2.63 (m, 1H), 2.34-2.17 (m, 1H), 2.07-1.84 (m, 1H), 1.82-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.53 (s, 9H), 1.48-1.37 (m, 1H); MS calculated for C18H26CIN4O2 (M+H+) 365.17,

1075 found 365.10.

Intermediate 27

(R)-N-(l-(azepan-3-yl)-7-chloro-lH-benzo[dlimidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide hydrochloride

Intermediate 27

Step A

1080 Step A: A mixture of 2-methylisonicotinic acid (3.371 g, 24.6 mmol) and 2-(7-aza-lH- benzotriazole-l-yl)-l,l,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (9.345 g, 24.6 mmol) in CH2CI2 (120 ml) was treated at room temperature with NEt3 (4.1 mL, 29.4 mmol). The

reaction was stirred for 1 hour before it was slowly added into a CH2CI2 solution (45 ml) of 1-26 (5.98 g, 16.4 mmol). Ten minutes later, more NEt3 (4.1 mL, 29.4 mmol) was added and 1085 the mixture stirred for 2 h. The mixture was then diluted with CH2CI2 (240 mL), washed with H20 (2 x 80 mL), saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (70 mL), and brine (70 mL). The organic phase was dried with Na2SC>4, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by column chromatography (55% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford

(R)-tert-butyl

1090 3-(7-chloro-2-(2-methylisonicotinamido)-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-l-yl)azepane-l-carboxylate (I-27a) as a light yellow foam. 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d 12.81 (br s, 1H), 8.65-8.62 (m, 1H), 7.95-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.27-7.1 1 (m, 3H), 5.64 – 5.51 (m, 1H), 4.56-4.44 (m, 1H),

4.07-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.79-3.71 (m, 0.5H), 3.41-3.35 (m, 0.5H), 3.29-3.23 (m, 1H), 2.71-2.59 (m, 1H), 2.65 (s, 3H), 2.22-2.00 (m, 3H), 1.93-1.80 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.45 (m, 1H), 1.50 (s,

1095 3.5H), 1.41 (s, 5.5H); MS calculated for C25H3iClN503 (M+H+) 484.20, found 484.20.

Step B: A solution of I-27a (8.62 g, 16.4 mmol) in MeOH (67 mL) was treated with HC1 in dioxane (4M, 67 mL) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 7 h. The mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (Intermediate 27). The product was used in the next step without further purification. A sample was treated

1 100 with 1M NaOH, extracted with EtOAc, dried with Na2SC>4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 1-27 as a free base. 1H-NMR (400MHz, CD3CN): d 8.49 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.72 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (br d, J=7.52 Hz, 1H), 7.16 – 7.09 (m, 2H), 5.66-5.59 (m, 1H), 3.77 (dd, J = 6.54, 14.3 Hz, 1H), 3.18 (dd, J = 5.3, 14.3 Hz, 1H), 3.05 – 2.98 (m, 1H), 2.76-2.69 (m, 1H), 2.63-2.53 (m, 1H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 2.10-2.03 (m, 1H),

1 105 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.86 – 1.75 (m, 2H), 1.61 – 1.54 (m, 2H); MS calculated for

C2oH23ClN50 (M+H+) 384.15, found 384.20.

(i?.E)-N-(7-chloro-l-(l-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)-lH-benzo[dlimidazol-2

-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide

1 1 10

A mixture of (E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoic acid hydrochloride (58 mg, 0.35 mmol) and l-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (67 mg, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was treated with hydroxybenzotriazole (54 mg, 0.35 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The resulting mixture was added to a solution of 1-27 (100 mg, 0.22 1 1 15 mmol) in DMF (2 mL). Triethylamine (199 mg, 1.97 mmol) was then added and the mixture was stirred for 5 days. Water (2 mL) was added and the mixture was concentrated under

reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with IN NaOH (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water (50 mL) and brine (2 x 50 mL), dried over Na2S04, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified by

1 120 column chromatography (9: 1 :0.175N CH2Cl2/MeOH/NH3 in CH2C12, 0% to 100%) to afford the title compound. JH NM (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.59 (d, J= 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (s, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.30-7.22 (m, 2H), 6.71-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.57-6.54 (m, 1H), 5.54 (br. s, 1H), 4.54 (br. s, 1H), 4.20 (br s, 1H), 3.95 (br s, 1H), 3.48 (br s, 1H), 2.98 (br s, 2H), 2.72 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 2.58 (s, 3H), 2.14 (br s, 6H), 2.05 (d, J =

1 125 6.7 Hz, 3H), 1.88 (br s, 1H), 1.46 (d, J=l 1.3 Hz, 1H); MS calculated for C26H32C1N602

(M+H+) 495.22, found 495.10. Melting point (1 14.6 °C).

 

WO 2015083059

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2015083059A1?cl=en

 

Intermediate 26

(RVtert-butyl 3-(2-amino-7-chloro-lH-benzo[dlimidazol-l-vf)azepane-l-carboxylate

Step A: (R)-tert- butyl 3-((2-chloro-6-nitrophenyl)amino)azepane-l-carboxylate (I-26a) was prepared following procedures analogous to 1-15, Step A, using the appropriate starting materials. 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d 8.00-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.02-6.51 (m, 2H), 4.31-4.03 (m, 1H), 3.84-2.98 (m, 4H), 1.98-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.46-1.39 (m, 10H); MS calculated for Ci7H25ClN304 (M+H+) 370.15, found 370.10.

Step B: A mixture of I-26a (7.5 g, 19.5 mmol) and Zn (12.8 mg, 195 mmol) in AcOH

(22 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction was basified with saturated aqueous Na2CC>3 solution, filtered, and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 80 mL). The combined organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuum to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-((2-amino-6-chlorophenyl)amino)azepane-l-carboxylate (I-26b). MS calculated for C17H27CIN3O2 (M+H+) 340.17, found 340.10. The crude was used in the next step without further purification.

Step C: The title compound (Intermediate 26) was prepared from I-26b following procedures analogous to 1-15, Step C. ‘H-NMR (400MHZ, CDCI3): d 7.34-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.04-6.97 (m, 2H), 6.05-5.85 (m, 1H), 5.84-5.72 (m, 1H), 5.50-5.37 (m, 0.5H), 5.10-4.80(m, 0.5H), 4.41-4.23(m, 1H), 4.09-3.96(m, 0.5H), 3.94-3.81 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.22-3.14 (m, 0.5H), 2.84-2.63 (m, 1H), 2.34-2.17 (m, 1H), 2.07-1.84 (m, 1H), 1.82-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.53 (s, 9H), 1.48-1.37 (m, 1H); MS calculated for Ci8H26ClN402(M+H+) 365.17, found 365.10.

Intermediate 27

(R)-N-(l-(azepan-3-yl)-7-chloro-lH-benzo[dlimidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide hydrochloride

5-26 step A l~27a intermediate 27

Step A: A mixture of 2-methylisonicotinic acid (3.371 g, 24.6 mmol) and 2-(7-aza-lH-benzotriazole-l-yl)-l,l,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (9.345 g, 24.6 mmol) in CH2C12 (120 ml) was treated at room temperature with NEt3 (4.1 mL, 29.4 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 1 hour before it was slowly added into a CH2C12solution (45 ml) of 1-26 (5.98 g, 16.4 mmol). Ten minutes later, more NEt3 (4.1 mL, 29.4 mmol) was added and the mixture stirred for 2 h. The mixture was then diluted with CH2C12 (240 mL), washed with H20 (2 x 80 mL), saturated aqueous NaHCC solution (70 mL), and brine (70 mL). The organic phase was dried with Na2S04, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by column chromatography (55% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford

(R)-tert-butyl

3-(7-chloro-2-(2-methylisonicotinamido)-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-l-yl)azepane-l-carboxylate (I-27a) as a light yellow foam. 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDCI3): d 12.81 (br s, 1H), 8.65-8.62 (m, 1H), 7.95-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.27-7.11 (m, 3H), 5.64 – 5.51 (m, 1H), 4.56-4.44 (m, 1H),

4.07-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.79-3.71 (m, 0.5H), 3.41-3.35 (m, 0.5H), 3.29-3.23 (m, 1H), 2.71-2.59 (m, 1H), 2.65 (s, 3H), 2.22-2.00 (m, 3H), 1.93-1.80 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.45 (m, 1H), 1.50 (s, 3.5H), 1.41 (s, 5.5H); MS calculated for C25H3iClN503 (M+H+) 484.20, found 484.20.

Step B: A solution of I-27a (8.62 g, 16.4 mmol) in MeOH (67 mL) was treated with HCI in dioxane (4M, 67 mL) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 7 h. The mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (Intermediate 27). The product was used in the next step without further purification. A sample was treated with 1M NaOH, extracted with EtOAc, dried with Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 1-27 as a free base. ‘H-NMR (400MHZ, CD3CN): d 8.49 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.72 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (br d, J=7.52 Hz, 1H), 7.16 – 7.09 (m, 2H), 5.66-5.59 (m, 1H), 3.77 (dd, J = 6.54, 14.3 Hz, 1H), 3.18 (dd, J = 5.3, 14.3 Hz, 1H), 3.05 -2.98 (m, 1H), 2.76-2.69 (m, 1H), 2.63-2.53 (m, 1H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 2.10-2.03 (m, 1H), 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.86 – 1.75 (m, 2H), 1.61 – 1.54 (m, 2H); MS calculated for

C20H23CIN5O (M+H+) 384.15, found 384.20.

(i?,£,)-N-(7-chloro-l-(l-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)-lH-benzo[dlimidazol-2

-νΠ-2-methylisonicotinamide

A mixture of (E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoic acid hydrochloride (58 mg, 0.35 mmol) and l -ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (67 mg, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was treated with hydroxybenzotriazole (54 mg, 0.35 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The resulting mixture was added to a solution of 1-27 (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DMF (2 mL). Triethylamine (199 mg, 1.97 mmol) was then added and the mixture was stirred for 5 days. Water (2 mL) was added and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with IN NaOH (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water (50 mL) and brine (2 x 50 mL), dried over Na2S04, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified by column chromatography (9: 1 :0.175N CH2Cl2/MeOH/NH3 in CH2C12, 0% to 100%) to afford the title compound. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.59 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (s, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.30-7.22 (m, 2H), 6.71-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.57-6.54 (m, 1H), 5.54 (br. s, 1H), 4.54 (br. s, 1H), 4.20 (br s, 1H), 3.95 (br s, 1H), 3.48 (br s, 1H), 2.98 (br s, 2H), 2.72 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 2.58 (s, 3H), 2.14 (br s, 6H), 2.05 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 1.88 (br s, 1H), 1.46 (d, J=11.3 Hz, 1H); MS calculated for C26H32C1N602 (M+H+) 495.22, found 495.10. Melting point (114.6 °C).

 

PATENT

WO 2015112705

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015112705

 

PATENT

WO 2013184757

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2013184757A1?cl=en

Intermediate 26

(R)-tert-butyl 3 -(2-amino-7-chloro- 1 H-benzo Tdlimidazol- 1 – vDazepane- 1 – carboxylate

Figure imgf000092_0003

Intermediate 26

Step A: (R)-tert-butyl 3-((2-chloro-6-nitrophenyl)amino)azepane-l-carboxylate (I- 26a) was prepared following procedures analogous to 1-15, Step A, using the appropriate starting materials. 1 H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d 8.00-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.02-6.51 (m, 2H), 4.31-4.03 (m, 1H), 3.84-2.98 (m, 4H), 1.98-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.46-1.39 (m, 10H); MS calculated for C17H25CIN3O4 (M+H+) 370.15, found 370.10. Step B: A mixture of I-26a (7.5 g, 19.5 mmol) and Zn (12.8 mg, 195 mmol) in AcOH (22 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction was basified with saturated aqueous Na2CC>3 solution, filtered, and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 80 mL). The combined organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-((2-amino-6-chlorophenyl)amino)azepane-l-carboxylate (I-26b). MS calculated for Ci7H27ClN302 (M+H+) 340.17, found 340.10. The crude was used in the next step without further purification.

Step C: The title compound (Intermediate 26) was prepared from I-26b following procedures analogous to 1-15, Step C. ]H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d 7. ,34-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.04-6.97 (m, 2H), 6.05-5.85 (m, 1H), 5.84-5.72 (m, 1H), 5.50-5.37 (m, 0.5H), 5.10- 4.80(m, 0.5H), 4.41-4.23(m, 1H), 4.09-3.96(m, 0.5H), 3.94-3.81 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.22-3.14 (m, 0.5H), 2.84-2.63 (m, 1H), 2.34-2.17 (m, 1H), 2.07-1.84 (m, 1H), 1.82- 1.64 (m, 2H), 1.53 (s, 9H), 1.48-1.37 (m, 1H); MS calculated for Ci8H26ClN402 (M+H+) 365.17, found 365.10.

Intermediate 27

(R)-N-(l-(azepan-3-yl)-7-chloro-lH-benzordlimidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide hydrochloride

Figure imgf000093_0001

l-27a Intermediate 27

Step A: A mixture of 2-methylisonicotinic acid (3.371 g, 24.6 mmol) and 2-(7-aza- 1H- benzotriazole-l-yl)-l,l,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (9.345 g, 24.6 mmol) in CH2C12 (120 ml) was treated at room temperature with NEt3 (4.1 mL, 29.4 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 1 hour before it was slowly added into a CH2C12 solution (45 ml) of 1-26 (5.98 g, 16.4 mmol). Ten minutes later, more NEt3 (4.1 mL, 29.4 mmol) was added and the mixture stirred for 2 h. The mixture was then diluted with CH2C12 (240 mL), washed with H20 (2 x 80 mL), saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (70 mL), and brine (70 mL). The organic phase was dried with Na2S04, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by column chromatography (55% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-(7-chloro-2-(2-methylisonicotinamido)- lH-benzo[d]imidazol-l-yl)azepane-l-carboxylate (I-27a) as a light yellow foam. ]H- NMR (400MHz, CDC13): d 12.81 (br s, IH), 8.65-8.62 (m, IH), 7.95-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.27- 7.11 (m, 3H), 5.64 – 5.51 (m, IH), 4.56-4.44 (m, IH), 4.07-3.92 (m, IH), 3.79-3.71 (m, 0.5H), 3.41-3.35 (m, 0.5H), 3.29-3.23 (m, IH), 2.71-2.59 (m, IH), 2.65 (s, 3H), 2.22-2.00 (m, 3H), 1.93-1.80 (m, IH), 1.51-1.45 (m, IH), 1.50 (s, 3.5H), 1.41 (s, 5.5H); MS calculated for C25H31CIN5O3 (M+H+) 484.20, found 484.20.

Step B: A solution of I-27a (8.62 g, 16.4 mmol) in MeOH (67 mL) was treated with HCl in dioxane (4M, 67 mL) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 7 h. The mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound

(Intermediate 27). The product was used in the next step without further purification. A sample was treated with 1M NaOH, extracted with EtOAc, dried with Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 1-27 as a free base. ]H-NMR (400MHz, CD3CN): d 8.49 (d, J=5.0 Hz, IH), 7.81 (s, IH), 7.72 (d, J=4.8 Hz, IH), 7.50 (br d, J=7.52 Hz, IH), 7.16 – 7.09 (m, 2H), 5.66-5.59 (m, IH), 3.77 (dd, J = 6.54, 14.3 Hz, IH), 3.18 (dd, J = 5.3, 14.3 Hz, IH), 3.05 – 2.98 (m, IH), 2.76-2.69 (m, IH), 2.63-2.53 (m, IH), 2.47 (s, 3H), 2.10-2.03 (m, IH), 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.86 – 1.75 (m, 2H), 1.61 – 1.54 (m, 2H); MS calculated for C20H23CIN5O (M+H+) 384.15, found 384.20.

Example 5

(/?,£,)-N-(7-chloro-l-(l-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)- lH- benzordlimidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide

Figure imgf000126_0001

A mixture of (E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoic acid hydrochloride (58 mg, 0.35 mmol) and l-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (67 mg, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was treated with hydroxybenzotriazole (54 mg, 0.35 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The resulting mixture was added to a solution of 1-27 (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DMF (2 mL). Triethylamine (199 mg, 1.97 mmol) was then added and the mixture was stirred for 5 days. Water (2 mL) was added and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with IN NaOH (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water (50 mL) and brine (2 x 50 mL), dried over Na2SC>4, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified by column chromatography (9: 1 :0.175N CH2Cl2/MeOH/NH3 in CH2C12, 0% to 100%) to afford the title compound (Example 5). ]H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.59 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, IH), 7.89 (s, IH), 7.79 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, IH), 7.60 (d, / = 7.5 Hz, IH), 7.30-7.22 (m, 2H), 6.71-6.65 (m, IH), 6.57-6.54 (m, IH), 5.54 (br. s, IH), 4.54 (br. s, IH), 4.20 (br s, IH), 3.95 (br s, IH), 3.48 (br s, IH), 2.98 (br s, 2H), 2.72 (d, / = 12.0 Hz, IH), 2.58 (s, 3H), 2.14 (br s, 6H), 2.05 (d, / = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 1.88 (br s, IH), 1.46 (d, 7=11.3 Hz, IH); MS calculated for C26H32CIN6O2 (M+H+) 495.22, found 495.10. Melting point (114.6 °C).

(/?,E)-N-(7-chloro- l-(l-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)-lH- benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide (1.0 g) was dissolved in acetone (30 mL) by heating to 55°C to form a solution. Methanesulfonic acid (325 μί) was added to acetone (50 mL), and the methanesulfonic acid/acetone (22.2 mL) was added to the solution at 0.05ml/min. Following precipitation, the resulting suspension was cooled to room temperature at 0.5 °C/min, and crystals were collected by filtration, and dried for 4 hours at 40°C under vacuum. The collected crystals (300 mg) were suspended in acetone/H20 (6 mL; v/v=95/5) by heating to 50°C. The suspension was kept slurrying for 16 hours, and cooled to room temperature at 0.5 °C/min. The crystal was collected by filtration and dried for 4 hours at 40°C under vacuum.

The structure of (7?,£)-N-(7-chloro-l-(l-(4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoyl)azepan-3-yl)- lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-2-methylisonicotinamide mesylate was confirmed by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, X-Ray Powder Diffraction, and Elemental Analyses. Melting point (170.1 °C). Theoretical calculated: C (54.8); H (5.9); N (14.2); 0 (13.5); %S (5.4); and C1 (6.0); C:N ratio: 3.86. Found: C (52.0); H (5.8); N (13.3); C1 (5.9); C:N ratio: 3.91. Stoichiometry: 1.01.

References

AACR Annual Meeting 2014; April 5-9, 2014; San Diego, CA.

nmr http://www.medchemexpress.com/product_pdf/HY-12872/EGF816-NMR-HY-12872-17795-2015.pdf

/////EGF 816, EGF816, EGFR, Covalent inhibitor, T790M, Oncogenic mutation, Lung cancer, NSCLC, SBDD, Drug resistance, EGF-816,  EGFRmut-TKI EGF816, Nazartinib

O=C(NC1=NC2=CC=CC(Cl)=C2N1[C@H]3CN(C(/C=C/CN(C)C)=O)CCCC3)C4=CC=NC(C)=C4

ICOTINIB


ICOTINIB

4-((3-ethynylphenyl)amino)-6,7-benzo-12-crown-4-quinazoline

N-(3-Ethynylphenyl)-7,8,10,11,13,14-hexahydro[1,4,7,10]tetraoxacyclododecino[2,3-g]quinazolin-4-amine

[1,4,7,10]Tetraoxacyclododecino[2,3-g]quinazolin-4-amine, N-(3-ethynylphenyl)-7,8,10,11,13,14-hexahydro-

BPI 2009H, UNII-JTD32I0J83

610798-31-7  CAS BASE

 

Compound Structure

Icotinib Hydrochloride, 1204313-51-8, CS-0918, HY-15164, Conmana Zhejiang Beta Pharma Ltd.

CLINICALS………http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/intervention=Icotinib

Icotinib Hydrochloride (BPI-2009H), or Icotinib, is a highly selective, first generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). EGFR is an oncogenic driver and patients with somatic mutations, particularly an exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R mutation, within the tyrosine kinase domain have activating mutations that lead to unchecked cell proliferation. Overexpression of EGFR causes inappropriate activation of the anti-apoptotic Ras signaling pathway, found in many different types of cancer. Icotinib is a quinazoline derivative that binds reversibly to the ATP binding site of the EGFR protein, preventing completion of the signal transduction cascade.[1]

Clinical Evaluation

Icotinib is indicated for the treatment for EGFR mutation-positive, advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as a second-line or third-line treatment, for patients who have failed at least one prior treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy. The ICOGEN trial was a double-blind, head-to-head phase III study comparing icotinib with gefitinib in all-comers. From 27 centers in China, 399 patients were randomized between the two treatments testing for a primary objective of progression-free survival and secondary objectives of overall survival, time to progression, quality of life, percentage of patients who achieved an objective response, and toxic effects. The ICOGEN results showed icotinib to have a median PFS of 4.6 months (95% CI 3.5 – 6.3) as compared to gefitinib which has a PFS of 3.4 months (95% CI 2.3 – 3.8). After the study was completed, post-hoc analysis revealed that in the icotinib treatment group, patients with activating EGFR mutations showed improved PFS as compared to patients with wild-type EGFR. Icotinib also was associated with fewer adverse events than gefitinib when considering all grades of reactions together (61% versus 70% respectively, p = 0.046).[2] The phase IV ISAFE trial evaluated 5,549 patients and showed icotinib to have an overall response rate of 30% and a low adverse event rate of 31.5%.[3]

Regulatory Approvals

Icotinib was approved in China by the SFDA in June, 2011.[4] Since approval, Icotinib has treated over 40,000 patients in China successfully and is now undergoing global development.

January 2014, Beta Pharma, Inc. was given a “May Proceed” from the US FDA to conduct a Phase I study for the evaluation of icotinib as a treatment of EGFR+ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).

Icotinib is a potent and specific EGFR inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM, including the EGFR, EGFR(L858R), EGFR(L861Q), EGFR(T790M) and EGFR(T790M, L858R). Phase 4.Icotinib hydrochloride is the epidermal growth factor receptor kinase targeting a new generation of targeted anti-cancer drugs, completely independent from the original tumor clinical practitioners and experts of science, through eight years of the development, its first adaptation disease is advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Icotinib is an orally available quinazoline-based inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), with potential antineoplastic activity. Icotinib selectively inhibits the wild-type and several mutated forms of EGFR tyrosine kinase. This may lead to an inhibition of EGFR-mediated signal transduction and may inhibit cancer cell proliferation. EGFR, a receptor tyrosine kinase, is upregulated in a variety of cancer cell types. Icotinib was approved in China in 2011

Icotinib has been found to be noninferior to gefitinib in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to reports from the phase III Chinese double-blind ICOGEN study.

“[I]cotinib is a valid therapeutic option for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer as a second-line or third-line treatment, although patients might find taking icotinib three times a day an inconvenience,” write Yan Sun (Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China) and colleagues.

Icotinib is an oral epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that has exhibited good antitumor activity in phase II studies. However, it has a shorter half-life than gefitinib, another TKI, which means that it needs to be taken more often.


Design and discovery of 4-anilinoquinazoline ureas as multikinase inhibitors targeting BRAF, VEGFR-2 and EGFR. Qingwen Zhang, Yuanyuan Diao, Fei Wang, Ying Fu, Fei Tang, Qidong You, Houyuan Zhou, Med. Chem. Commun., 2013, 4, 979

  • Tyrosine kinase receptors are trans-membrane proteins that, in response to an extracellular stimulus, propagate a signaling cascade to control cell proliferation, angiogenesis, apoptosis and other important features of cell growth. One class of such receptors, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinases, are over-expressed in many human cancers, including brain, lung, liver, bladder, breast, head and neck, esophagus, gastrointestinal, breast, ovary, cervix or thyroid cancer.
  • EGFR is expressed in many types of tumor cells. Binding of cognate ligands (including EGF, TGFα (i.e., Transforming Growth Factor-α) and neuregulins) to the extracellular domain causes homo- or heterodimerization between family members; the juxtaposition of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase domains results in transphosphorylation of specific tyrosine, serine and threonine residues within each cytoplasmic domain. The formed phosphotyrosines act as docking sites for various adaptor molecules and subsequent activation of signal transduction cascades (Ras/mitogen-activated, PI3K/Akt and Jak/STAT) that trigger proliferative cellular responses.
  • Various molecular and cellular biology and clinical studies have demonstrated that EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors can block cancer cell proliferation, metastasis and other EGFR-related signal transduction responses to achieve clinical anti-tumor therapeutic effects. Two oral EGFR kinase inhibitors with similar chemical structures are Gefitinib (Iressa; AstraZeneca), approved by the U.S. FDA for advanced non-small cell lung cancer in 2003 (and later withdrawn), and Erlotinib Hydrochloride (Tarceva; Roche and OSI), approved by the U.S. FDA for advanced non-small cell lung cancer and pancreatic cancer treatment in 2004.
  • Chinese Patent Publication No. CN1305860C discloses the structure of 4-[(3-ethynyl-phenyl)amino]-6,7-benzo-12-crown-quinoline (free base) on page 29, Example 15, Compound 23.

Icotinib was launched in China in August 2011, after approval by the State Food and Drug Administration. It is a targeted EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor that, like erlotinib (Tarceva) and gefitinib (Iressa), shows benefit in patients with EGFR m+ NSCLC.

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http://www.google.com/patents/EP2392576A1

    •  Formula I (Icotinib hydrochloride):

Figure imgb0011

Method 1:

    • Figure imgb0002

Method 2:

    • Figure imgb0003

Method 3:

  • Figure imgb0004
  • BPI-02 is obtained by recrystallization.

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2392576A1 Example 1Step 1

    • Figure imgb0005
    • Preparation: 16 kg (400 mol) of sodium hydroxide was dissolved in 80 L of water in a 400 L reactor, and then 18.8 L (140 mol) of triethylene glycol, 32 L of THF were added into the reactor. After cooling below 5 °C, a solution of 47.84 kg (260 mol) of tosyl chloride and 50 L of THF was added dropwise. Following the addition, the reaction mixture was kept at this temperature for 2 hours, and it was then poured into 240 L of ice water. The precipitate was formed and filtered, washed with a small amount of water, and dried. 58.64 kg of BPI-01 as a white crystalline powder was yielded at 91.4%. mp: 77-80 °C, HPLC: 97%. TLC (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 1:1) Rf = 0.87.
    • NMR data: 1H-NMR (CDCl3): δ ppm: 7.78 (d, 4H, J = 10.4 Hz, benzene protons by sulfonyl group); 7.34 (d, 4H, J = 11.6 Hz, benzene protons by methyl group); 4.129 (dd, 4H, J = 5.6 Hz, ethylene protons by the sulfonyl group); 3.64 (dd, 4H, J = 5.6 Hz, ethylene protons away from the sulfonyl group); 3.517 (s, 4H, ethylene protons in the middle); 2.438 (s, 6H, methyl protons on the benzene).

Step 2

    • Figure imgb0006
    • Preparation: A solution containing 3.64 kg (20 mol) of ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate and 12.4 kg (89.6 mol) of potassium carbonate in 300 L of N,N-dimethylformamide was stirred and heated to 85-90 °C for about 30 minutes. A solution of 9.17 kg (20 mol) of BPI-01 in 40 L of N,N-dimethylformamide was added dropwise over 1.5-2 hours. After the addition, the reaction was kept for 30 minutes; the reaction completion was confirmed by TLC (developing solvent: petroleum ether:ethyl acetate = 1:1, Rf = 0.58). The reaction mixture was removed from the reactor and filtered. Then, the filtrate was evaporated to remove N,N-dimethylformamide; 240 L of ethyl acetate was added to dissolve the residue. After filtration and vacuum evaporation, the residual solution was extracted with 300 L of petroleum ether. After evaporation of the petroleum ether, the residual solids were re-crystallized with isopropanol in a ratio of 1:2.5 (W/V); 1.68 kg of BPI-02 as a white powder was obtained in a yield of 28%. mp: 73-76 °C, HPLC: 96.4%. NMR data: 1H-NMR (CDCl3): δ ppm: 7.701 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz, benzene proton at position 6); 7.68 (s, 1 H, benzene proton at position 2); 6.966 (d, 1H, J = 10.8 Hz, benzene proton at position 5); 4.374-3.81 (q, 2H, J = 9.6 Hz, methylene protons of the ethyl); 3.78-4.23 (dd, 12H, J = 4.8 Hz, crown ether protons); 1.394 (t, 3H, J = 9.6 Hz, methyl protons of the ethyl). MS: m/z 296.

Step 3

    • Figure imgb0007
    • Preparation: A solution of 592 g (2 mol) of BPI-02 and 600 mL of acetic acid in a 5 L reaction flask was cooled to 0°C; 1640 mL (25.4 mol) of concentrated nitric acid was slowly added. The internal temperature should not exceed 10 °C. While cooled below 0°C, 1 L of concentrated sulfuric acid was added dropwise. The internal temperature should not be higher than 5°C. After the addition, the reaction was kept at 0-5 °C for 1-2 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was poured into 15 L of ice water in a plastic bucket. After mixing, filtration, and re-crystallization in ethanol, 449 g of BPI-03 as a light yellow to yellow crystalline powder was obtained in 65.7% yield. mp: 92-95 °C, HPLC: 98.2%. TLC (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate =1:1) Rf = 0.52. NMR data: 1H-NMR (CDCl3): δ ppm: 7.56 (s, 1H, benzene proton at position 5); 7.20 (s, 1H, benzene proton at position 2); 4.402 (q, 2H, J = 9.2 Hz, methylene protons of the ethyl); 4.294 (dd, 12H, J = 4.8 Hz, crown ether protons); 1.368 (t, 3H, J = 9.2 Hz, methyl protons of the ethyl).

Step 4

    • Figure imgb0008
    • Preparation: In a 3 L hydrogenation reactor, 2 L of methanol and 195 g (0.57 mol) of BPI-03 were added, and then 63 mL of acetyl chloride was slowly added. After a short stir, 33 g of Pd/C containing 40% water was added. The reaction was conducted under 4 ATM hydrogen until hydrogen absorption stopped, and then the reaction was kept for 1-2 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was transferred into a 5 L reactor. After filtration, crystallization, and filtration, the product was obtained. The mother liquor was concentrated under vacuum, and more product was obtained. The combined crops were 168 g of BPI-04 as a white to pink crystalline powder in a yield of 85%. mp: 198-201 °C, HPLC: 99.1 %. TLC (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 1:1) Rf = 0.33. NMR data: 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6): δ ppm: 8-9 (br., 3H, 2 protons of the amino group and a proton of the hydrochloric acid); 7.37 (s, 1H, benzene proton at position 5); 6.55 (s, 1H , benzene proton at position 2); 4.25 (q, 2H, J = 7.06 Hz, methylene protons of the ethyl); 4.05 (dd, 12H, J = 4.04 Hz, crown ether protons); 1.31 (t, 3H, J = 7.06 Hz, methyl protons of the ethyl).

Step 5

    • Figure imgb0009
    • Preparation: 1105 g (3.175 mol)of BPI-04, 4810 g (106.9 mol) of formamide, and 540 g (8.55 mol) of ammonium formate were added to a 10 L 3-neck bottle. The reaction mixture was heated to 165 °C under reflux for 4 hours. After cooling to room temperature, 3 L of water was added, and then the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. After filtration, washing, and drying, 742 g of BPI-05 as a white crystalline powder was obtained in a yield of 80%. mp: 248-251 °C, HPLC: 99.78%. TLC (chloroform: methanol = 8:1) Rf = 0.55. NMR data: 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6): δ ppm: 12.06 (s, 1H, NH of the quinazoline); 8.0 (d, 1H, J = 3.28 Hz, proton of the quinazoline position 3); 7.62 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 6); 7.22 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 9); 4.25 (dd, 12H, J = 4.08 Hz, crown ether protons).

Step 6

    • Figure imgb0010
    • Preparation: 337 g (1.13 mol) of BPI-05, 7.1 L of chloroform, 1.83 L (19.58mol) of POCI3 and 132 ml of N,N-dimethylformamide were added to a 10 L 3-neck bottle. The reaction mixture was stirred at reflux temperature. After dissolution, reaction completion was checked by TLC (developing solvent: chloroform: methanol = 15:1, Rf = 0.56); the reaction took approximately 8 hours to complete. Then, the reaction solution was cooled and evaporated under vacuum to dryness. The residue was dissolved in 4 L of chloroform; 4 kg of crushed ice was poured into the solution and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours. After separation, the aqueous phase was extracted twice with 2 L of chloroform. The organic phases were combined, 4 L of ice water was added and the pH was adjusted with 6 N NaOH to pH 8-9 while the temperature was maintained below 30 °C. After separation, the organic phase was washed with saturated NaCl, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and the solvents removed by vacuum evaporation. The residual solids were washed with acetone and filtered; 268 g of BPI-06 as a white crystalline powder was obtained in a yield of 77% with mp: 164-167°C and HPLC purity of 99%. NMR data: 1H-NMR (CDCl3): δ ppm: 8.89 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 2); 7.68 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 9); 7.42 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 6); 4.38-3.81 (dd, 12H, J = 3.88 Hz, crown ether protons).

Step 7

  • Figure imgb0011
  • Preparation of the compound of the present invention: To a suspension of 20.8 g of BPI-06 in 500 mL of ethanol was added 25 mL of N,N-dimethylformamide and a solution of 8.98 g m-acetylene aniline in 200 mL of isopropanol. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 minutes until dissolved completely, and then the reaction solution was heated at reflux for 3 hours. After concentration and drying, the residual solids were dissolved in ethyl acetate, washed with water, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Thus, 27.1 g of the compound of Formula I was obtained as a white crystalline powder. NMR data: 1H-NMR (Bruker APX-400, solvent: DMSO-d6, TMS as internal standard): δ ppm: 3.58 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 12); 3.60 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 13); 3.73 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 10); 3.80 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 15); 4.30 (s, 1H, proton of the alkynyl); 4.34 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 16); 4.40 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 9); 7.39 (d, 1H, benzene proton at position 25); 7.46 (dd, 1H, benzene proton at position 26); 7.49 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 6); 7.82 (d, 1H, benzene proton at position 27); 7.94 (t due dd, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 19); 8.85 (s, 1H, benzene proton at the position 23); 8.87 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 2); 11.70 (s, 1H, proton of the aromatic amine as salt); 14-16 (bs, 1H, hydrochloride), see Figure 5. NMR data: 13C-NMR (DMSO-d6), see Figure 6. Mass spectrometry (MS): Instrument: ZAB-HS, testing conditions: EI, 200°C, 700ev, MS measured molecular weight: m/z 427.

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https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2013064128A1?cl=en&dq=icotinib&hl=en&sa=X&ei=1oi2UsP9LYa4rgfUzoF4&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAA

 

Figure imgf000003_0002

Synthesis of compound 1 A

1 Synthesis of Compound 2

Figure imgf000008_0003

2

79.5g 3,4 – dihydroxybenzene nitrile, 272g of potassium carbonate, acetonitrile (6L) was added to a 10L three-necked reaction flask, and dissolved with stirring, heated to reflux and reflux was added dropwise an acetonitrile solution of the compound 1 (compound 1, 200 g; acetonitrile , 2L), and completion of the dropping, the HPLC monitoring of the completion of the reaction, the mixture was cooled to room temperature, filtered, and the solvent was removed, and the resulting solid was washed with ethyl acetate was dissolved, filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated, the resulting residue was dissolved in petroleum ether by rotary evaporation, the resulting solid was purified to give 18.9g of the compound 2.

1 LAI MR (CDC1 3-Sppm): 7.30 ~ 7.33 (m, 1H); 7.25 (s, 1H); 6.97-6.99 (d, 1H); 4.19 – 4.23 (m, 4H); 3.83 ~ 3.91 (m, 4H); 3.77 (s, 4H). MS: (M + H) +250 2 Synthesis of compound A

Figure imgf000009_0001

2 A

41.6g of compound 2 was dissolved in 580ml of acetic acid, dropwise addition of 83ml of fuming nitric acid at 30 ° C under completion of the dropping, the dropwise addition of 42ml of concentrated sulfuric acid at 30 ° C under the reaction at room temperature overnight, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was poured into ice water 4L , the precipitated solid was filtered, washed with cold water (500 mL X 2), vacuum 35 ° C and dried crude A compound 46g, isopropanol recrystallization was purified to give 33g of compound A.

1 LAI MR (CDC1 3-Sppm): 7.90 (s, 1H); 7.36 (s, 1H); 4.33 ~ 4.36 (m, 4H); 3.87 ~ 3.89 (m, 4H); 3.737 (s, 4H). Embodiment of Example 2 Synthesis of Compound B

Figure imgf000009_0002

AB

32g of compound A, 30.5g of iron powder, 5% acetic acid solution in methanol 1070ml 2L reaction flask was heated to reflux

TLC monitoring of the end of the reaction cooled and concentrated, dissolved in ethyl acetate, filtered, dried over anhydrous NaS0 4 23g of compound B. The solvent was removed.

1HNMR (d 6-DMSO-Sppm): 7.07 (s, 1H); 6.36 (s, 1H); 5.73 (s, 2H); 3.95 ~ 4.22 (m, 4H); 3.77-3.78 (m, 2H); 3.34 3.62 (m, 6H).Embodiment of Example 3 Synthesis of Compound CI

Figure imgf000009_0003

B CI

500mL three-necked flask, the Add 5g compound B, 5g v, v-dimethyl formamide dimethyl acetal and 160ml of dioxane was heated to reflux the TLC monitoring progress of the reaction, the reaction time is about 12 hours, after the end of the reaction The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, spin-dry to give 5.8g of compound Cl.

1 LAI MR (CDCl 3-Sppm): 7.56 (s, 1H); 7.15 (s, 1H); 6.51 (s, 1H); 4.12-4.18 (m, 4H); 3.89-3.91 (m, 2H); 3.78 -3.80 (m, 6H); 3.07 (s, 6H); Example 4 Icotinib Synthesis

 

Figure imgf000010_0001

5 g of the compound Cl, 2.2 g inter-aminophenyl acetylene, 230ml of acetic acid was added to a 500 ml reaction flask was heated to 100 ° c,

TLC monitoring of the reaction. The end of the reaction, the reaction system spin dry methanol was added, and shock dispersion, filtration, wash with methanol, 5g Icotinib.

^ M (d 6-DMSO-5ppm): 11.98 (s, IH); 9.50 (s, IH); 8.53 (s 1H); 8.14 (s, IH); 8.04-8.05 (m, IH); 7.90-7.92 (m, IH); 7.38-7.42 (m, IH); 7.31 (s IH); 7.20-7.22 (m, IH); 4.29-4.30 (m, 4H); 4.21 (s, IH); 3.74-3.81 ( m, 4H); 3.64 (s, 4H); 1.91 (s, 3H); Synthesis Example 5 Exe hydrochloride erlotinib

Figure imgf000010_0002

Exeter for Nick for; s

700mg Icotinib Add to a 100 ml reaction flask, add 40 ml of methanol, stirred pass into the hydrogen chloride gas or concentrated hydrochloric acid, and filtered to give crude hydrochloric acid Icotinib after, and purified by recrystallization from isopropanol to give 760mg hydrochloride Icotinib.

1HNMR (d 6-DMSO-Sppm): 11.37 (s, IH); 8.87 (s, IH); 8.63 (s, IH); 7.90 (s, IH); 7.78-7.80 (d, IH); 7.48-7.52 (m, IH); 7.40-7.41 (m, 2H); 4.36-4.38 (d, 4H); 4.30 (s, IH); 3.75-3.81 (d, 4H); 3.61 (s, 4H); Example 6 Synthesis of Compound B

Figure imgf000011_0001

AB

25g of compound A, 25 g of iron powder, 3% acetic acid in methanol solution 900ml with Example 2 are the same, to give 16.6g of compound B.

Embodiment of Example 7 Synthesis of Compound B

Figure imgf000011_0002

AB

40 g of compound A, 40 g of iron powder and 7% acetic acid in methanol solution was 1200ml, in Example 2, to give 28.4g of compound B.

Example 8 Compound B Synthesis

Figure imgf000011_0003

AB

25 g of compound A, 5 g of Pd / C in 3% acetic acid in methanol solution 900ml Add 2L reaction flask, of the hydrogen, TLC monitoring of the end of the reaction, filtered, and the solvent was removed to give 17g of compound B.

Example 9 Compound B Synthesis

Figure imgf000011_0004

AB

40g of compound A, 17 g of magnesium and 5% acetic acid in methanol solution 1200ml, in Example 2, to give 25.2g of compound B. Example 10 Compound B Synthesis

 

Figure imgf000012_0001

AB

25 g of compound A, 32.5g of zinc powder and 5% acetic acid in methanol solution 900ml with Example 2 are the same, to give 17.1g of compound B.

Example Synthesis of compound 11 B

 

Figure imgf000012_0002

AB

25g of compound A, 28 g of iron powder, 5% trifluoroacetic acid in methanol solution 700ml, in Example 2, 16g of compound B.

Embodiment Example 12 Synthesis of Compound C1

 

Figure imgf000012_0003

3g compound B, 3G v, v-dimethyl formamide dimethyl acetal and 140ml of dioxane, reflux the reaction time is 10-11 hours, the other in the same manner as in Example 3 to give 3.2g of the compound Cl.

Example 13 Synthesis of Compound C1

 

Figure imgf000012_0004

8g compound B, 8G N, v-dimethyl formamide dimethyl acetal and 180ml of dioxane under reflux for a reaction time of approximately 12-13 hours, with the same manner as in Example 3 to give 8.7g of compound C. Embodiment Example 14 Synthesis of Compound CI

Figure imgf000013_0001

3g compound B, 3 g of N, N-dimethyl formamide dimethyl acetal and 140ml of toluene, the reaction time is 13-15 hours under reflux, with the same manner as in Example 3 to give 2.9g of the compound Cl.

Example 15 Synthesis of Compound C1

Figure imgf000013_0002

The same as in Example 14, except that reaction time is 10 hours, to obtain 2.6g compound Cl t

Embodiment Example 16 Synthesis of Compound C1

 

Figure imgf000013_0003

500mL three-necked flask, add 3 g of compound B, 3.7 g v, v-dimethylformamide, diethyl acetal and 140ml of dioxane was heated to reflux, TLC monitoring the progress of the reaction, the reaction time of approximately 11-12 hours, After completion of the reaction, the mixture was cooled to room temperature, spin-dry the reaction solution to give 2.5g of the compound Cl.

Example 17 Synthesis of Compound C1

 

Figure imgf000013_0004

G of compound B, 5.1 g of the N, N-dimethyl formamide di-t-butyl acetal was dissolved in 140ml dioxane was heated to reflux the TLC monitoring progress of the reaction, the reaction time of approximately 11-12 hours after the completion of the reaction, was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was spin-dry to give 2.6g of the compound Cl.

Embodiment Example 18 Synthesis of Compound CI

 

Figure imgf000014_0001

3g compound B, 4.4g N, N-dimethyl formamide diisopropyl acetal was dissolved in 140ml dioxane was heated to reflux, tlc monitoring the progress of the reaction, the reaction time of approximately 11-12 hours after the completion of the reaction, was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was spin-dry to give 2.4g of the compound Cl.

The implementation of the synthesis of Example 19 Icotinib

 

Figure imgf000014_0002

3g compound Cl, 1.3 g inter-aminophenyl acetylene, 130 ml of acetic acid was added 250 ml reaction flask and heated to 70-80

V, TLC monitoring of the reaction. Spin dry the reaction system, methanol was added, and shock dispersion, filtered, and the methanol wash was 2.8g Icotinib. Implementation of Example 20 Icotinib synthesis

 

Figure imgf000014_0003

C1 Icotinib

. Example 25 Icotinib Hydrochloride synthesis

 

Figure imgf000016_0001

Icotinib Hydrochloride

The 500mg Icotinib Add to a 100 ml reaction flask, add 30ml of ethanol was stirred under hydrogen chloride gas was passed into the after, filtered crude hydrochloride Icotinib recrystallized from isopropanol to give 515mg hydrochlorideIcotinib. Example 26 Icotinib Hydrochloride Synthesis

500mg Icotinib Add 100 ml reaction flask, add 40 ml of tetrahydrofuran was stirred under hydrogen chloride gas was passed into the after, filtered crude hydrochloride Icotinib recrystallized from isopropanol to give 500mg hydrochlorideIcotinib. EXAMPLE 27 Icotinib Hydrochloride Synthesis

 

Figure imgf000016_0002

 

500mg Icotinib Add 100 ml reaction flask, add 50 ml of isopropanol and stirred under hydrogen chloride gas was passed into the after, filtered crude hydrochloride Icotinib recrystallized from isopropanol to give 500mg hydrochloride Icotinib.

………………………………………………………………….

 

 

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2392576A1 NMR data: 1H-NMR (Bruker APX-400, solvent: DMSO-d6, TMS as internal standard): δ ppm: 3.58 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 12); 3.60 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 13); 3.73 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 10); 3.80 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 15); 4.30 (s, 1H, proton of the alkynyl); 4.34 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 16); 4.40 (dd, 2H, two protons of the crown position 9); 7.39 (d, 1H, benzene proton at position 25); 7.46 (dd, 1H, benzene proton at position 26); 7.49 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 6); 7.82 (d, 1H, benzene proton at position 27); 7.94 (t due dd, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 19); 8.85 (s, 1H, benzene proton at the position 23); 8.87 (s, 1H, proton of the quinazoline position 2); 11.70 (s, 1H, proton of the aromatic amine as salt); 14-16 (bs, 1H, hydrochloride), see Figure 5. NMR data: 13C-NMR (DMSO-d6), see Figure 6. Mass spectrometry (MS): Instrument: ZAB-HS, testing conditions: EI, 200°C, 700ev, MS measured molecular weight: m/z 427.

………………………..

NEW PATENT

WO-2013064128

Zhejiang Beta Pharma Incorporation, 浙江贝达药业有限公司

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2013064128A1?cl=en

General synthetic route

Compound A, the present invention is provided for availability, but are not limited to, the following synthetic route to achieve:

Figure imgf000007_0001

The present invention is to provide beta available but are not limited to, the following synthetic route is now:

Figure imgf000007_0002

A BETA

 

The present invention is to provide a compound C, can be used, but are not limited to, the following synthetic route to achieve:

Figure imgf000007_0003

Wherein

And are independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, propyl or isopropyl, or

, And they are connected in common to the N atom form a 3-7 membered ring. R 3 and R4 are independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, iso-butyl or benzyl group, or,

R 3 and R4 to form a 3-7 membered ring.

The present C can be used for the direct preparation of Icotinib:

Figure imgf000008_0001

Wherein

And are independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, propyl or isopropyl, or

, And they are connected in common to the N atom form a 3-7 membered ring.

Figure imgf000008_0002

Icotinib

Icotinib Hydrochloride

Example Synthesis of compound 1 A

1 Synthesis of Compound 2

Figure imgf000008_0003

2

79.5g 3,4 – dihydroxybenzene nitrile, 272g of potassium carbonate, acetonitrile (6L) was added to a 10L three-necked reaction flask, and dissolved with stirring, heated to reflux and reflux was added dropwise an acetonitrile solution of the compound 1 (compound 1, 200 g; acetonitrile , 2L), and completion of the dropping, the HPLC monitoring of the completion of the reaction, the mixture was cooled to room temperature, filtered, and the solvent was removed, and the resulting solid was washed with ethyl acetate was dissolved, filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated, the resulting residue was dissolved in petroleum ether by rotary evaporation, the resulting solid was purified to give 18.9g of the compound 2.

1 LAI MR (CDC1 3-Sppm): 7.30 ~ 7.33 (m, 1H); 7.25 (s, 1H); 6.97-6.99 (d, 1H); 4.19 – 4.23 (m, 4H); 3.83 ~ 3.91 (m, 4H); 3.77 (s, 4H). MS: (M + H) +250 2 Synthesis of compound A

Figure imgf000009_0001

2 A

41.6g of compound 2 was dissolved in 580ml of acetic acid, dropwise addition of 83ml of fuming nitric acid at 30 ° C under completion of the dropping, the dropwise addition of 42ml of concentrated sulfuric acid at 30 ° C under the reaction at room temperature overnight, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was poured into ice water 4L , the precipitated solid was filtered, washed with cold water (500 mL X 2), vacuum 35 ° C and dried crude A compound 46g, isopropanol recrystallization was purified to give 33g of compound A.

1 LAI MR (CDC1 3-Sppm): 7.90 (s, 1H); 7.36 (s, 1H); 4.33 ~ 4.36 (m, 4H); 3.87 ~ 3.89 (m, 4H); 3.737 (s, 4H). Embodiment of Example 2 Synthesis of Compound B

Figure imgf000009_0002

AB

32g of compound A, 30.5g of iron powder, 5% acetic acid solution in methanol 1070ml 2L reaction flask was heated to reflux

TLC monitoring of the end of the reaction cooled and concentrated, dissolved in ethyl acetate, filtered, dried over anhydrous NaS0 4 23g of compound B. The solvent was removed.

1HNMR (d 6-DMSO-Sppm): 7.07 (s, 1H); 6.36 (s, 1H); 5.73 (s, 2H); 3.95 ~ 4.22 (m, 4H); 3.77-3.78 (m, 2H); 3.34 3.62 (m, 6H). Embodiment of Example 3 Synthesis of Compound CI

Figure imgf000009_0003

B CI

500mL three-necked flask, the Add 5g compound B, 5g v, v-dimethyl formamide dimethyl acetal and 160ml of dioxane was heated to reflux the TLC monitoring progress of the reaction, the reaction time is about 12 hours, after the end of the reaction The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, spin-dry to give 5.8g of compound Cl.

1 LAI MR (CDCl 3-Sppm): 7.56 (s, 1H); 7.15 (s, 1H); 6.51 (s, 1H); 4.12-4.18 (m, 4H); 3.89-3.91 (m, 2H); 3.78 -3.80 (m, 6H); 3.07 (s, 6H); Example 4 Icotinib Synthesis

Figure imgf000010_0001

5 g of the compound Cl, 2.2 g inter-aminophenyl acetylene, 230ml of acetic acid was added to a 500 ml reaction flask was heated to 100 ° c,

TLC monitoring of the reaction. The end of the reaction, the reaction system spin dry methanol was added, and shock dispersion, filtration, wash with methanol, 5g Icotinib.

^ M (d 6-DMSO-5ppm): 11.98 (s, IH); 9.50 (s, IH); 8.53 (s 1H); 8.14 (s, IH); 8.04-8.05 (m, IH); 7.90-7.92 (m, IH); 7.38-7.42 (m, IH); 7.31 (s IH); 7.20-7.22 (m, IH); 4.29-4.30 (m, 4H); 4.21 (s, IH); 3.74-3.81 ( m, 4H); 3.64 (s, 4H); 1.91 (s, 3H);

Synthesis Example 5 Exe hydrochloride erlotinib

Figure imgf000010_0002

Exeter for Nick for; s

700mg Icotinib Add to a 100 ml reaction flask, add 40 ml of methanol, stirred pass into the hydrogen chloride gas or concentrated hydrochloric acid, and filtered to give crude hydrochloric acid Icotinib after, and purified by recrystallization from isopropanol to give 760mg hydrochloride Icotinib.

1HNMR (d 6-DMSO-Sppm): 11.37 (s, IH); 8.87 (s, IH); 8.63 (s, IH); 7.90 (s, IH); 7.78-7.80 (d, IH); 7.48-7.52 (m, IH); 7.40-7.41 (m, 2H); 4.36-4.38 (d, 4H); 4.30 (s, IH); 3.75-3.81 (d, 4H); 3.61 (s, 4H);

Example 18 Synthesis of Compound CI

Figure imgf000014_0001

3g compound B, 4.4g N, N-dimethyl formamide diisopropyl acetal was dissolved in 140ml dioxane was heated to reflux, tlc monitoring the progress of the reaction, the reaction time of approximately 11-12 hours after the completion of the reaction, was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was spin-dry to give 2.4g of the compound Cl.

The implementation of the synthesis of Example 19 Icotinib

Figure imgf000014_0002

3g compound Cl, 1.3 g inter-aminophenyl acetylene, 130 ml of acetic acid was added 250 ml reaction flask and heated to 70-80

V, TLC monitoring of the reaction. Spin dry the reaction system, methanol was added, and shock dispersion, filtered, and the methanol wash was 2.8g Icotinib. Implementation of Example 20 Icotinib synthesis

Figure imgf000014_0003

C1 Icotinib

8g compound Cl, 3.5g inter-aminophenyl acetylene, dissolved in 380ml of acetic acid, heated to 100-120 ° C, TLC monitoring of the reaction. Spin dry the reaction system, by adding ethanol shock dispersion, filter, the ethanol wash 7.2g Icotinib. Implementation of Example 21 Icotinib Synthesis

Figure imgf000015_0001

The C1 Exeter erlotinib reaction temperature of 120-15CTC Example 4 was 2.2 g Icotinib.

Example 22 Icotinib Synthesis

3g compound Cl, 1.8 g inter-aminophenyl acetylene and 130 ml of acetic acid was added 250 ml reaction flask and heated to 90-100C, TLC monitoring of the reaction. Spin dry the reaction system, isopropanol shock dispersion, filtration, isopropyl alcohol wash was 2.9g Icotinib.

The implementation of the synthesis of Example 23 Icotinib

Figure imgf000015_0002

3G compound CI and 1.3 g of m-aminophenyl acetylene dissolved in 130ml of formic acid was heated to 80-90 ° C, TLC monitoring of the reaction. Spin dry the reaction system, methanol was added, and shock dispersion, filtered, and the methanol wash was 2.7g Icotinib.

Example 24 Icotinib synthesis

Figure imgf000015_0003

3g of compound C1 and 1.3g aminophenyl acetylene dissolved in 130ml of trifluoroacetic acid was heated to 70-80 ° C, TLC monitoring of the reaction. Spin dry the reaction system, methanol was added, and shock dispersion, filtered, and the methanol wash was 2.7g Icotinib. Example 25 Icotinib Hydrochloride synthesis

Figure imgf000016_0001

Icotinib Hydrochloride

The 500mg Icotinib Add to a 100 ml reaction flask, add 30ml of ethanol was stirred under hydrogen chloride gas was passed into the after, filtered crude hydrochloride Icotinib recrystallized from isopropanol to give 515mg hydrochloride Icotinib. Example 26 Icotinib Hydrochloride Synthesis

500mg Icotinib Add 100 ml reaction flask, add 40 ml of tetrahydrofuran was stirred under hydrogen chloride gas was passed into the after, filtered crude hydrochloride Icotinib recrystallized from isopropanol to give 500mg hydrochloride Icotinib. EXAMPLE 27 Icotinib Hydrochloride Synthesis

Figure imgf000016_0002

Exeter erlotinib erlotinib hydrochloride Exeter

500mg Icotinib Add 100 ml reaction flask, add 50 ml of isopropanol and stirred under hydrogen chloride gas was passed into the after, filtered crude hydrochloride Icotinib recrystallized from isopropanol to give 500mg hydrochloride Icotinib. Example 28 Icotinib Hydrochloride synthesis

Figure imgf000016_0003

Icotinib

Icotinib Hydrochloride

 

 

Icotinib
Icotinib.svg
Clinical data
Trade names Conmana, Icotinib
Legal status
?
Routes Oral tablets
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 52%
Metabolism Hepatic (mainly CYP3A4, lessCYP1A2)
Half-life 5.5 hrs (median)
Excretion >98% as metabolites, of which >90% via faeces, 9% via urine
Identifiers
CAS number 1204313-51-8 Yes
ATC code ?
PubChem CID 22024915
DrugBank DB00530
ChemSpider 10762174 Yes
UNII 9G6U5L461Q Yes
Chemical data
Formula C22H21N3O4 
Mol. mass 391.420 g/mol

References

  1.  Sordella, R. (20 August 2004). “Gefitinib-Sensitizing EGFR Mutations in Lung Cancer Activate Anti-Apoptotic Pathways”. Science 305(5687): 1163–1167. doi:10.1126/science.1101637. PMID 15284455.
  2.  Shi, Yuankai; Zhang, Li; Liu, Xiaoqing; Zhou, Caicun; Zhang, Li; Zhang, Shucai; Wang, Dong; Li, Qiang; Qin, Shukui; Hu, Chunhong; Zhang, Yiping; Chen, Jianhua; Cheng, Ying; Feng, Jifeng; Zhang, Helong; Song, Yong; Wu, Yi-Long; Xu, Nong; Zhou, Jianying; Luo, Rongcheng; Bai, Chunxue; Jin, Yening; Liu, Wenchao; Wei, Zhaohui; Tan, Fenlai; Wang, Yinxiang; Ding, Lieming; Dai, Hong; Jiao, Shunchang; Wang, Jie; Liang, Li; Zhang, Weimin; Sun, Yan. “Icotinib versus gefitinib in previously treated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (ICOGEN): a randomised, double-blind phase 3 non-inferiority trial”. The Lancet Oncology 14 (10): 953–961. doi:10.1016/s1470-2045(13)70355-3.
  3. Tan, Fenlai; Gu, Aiqin; Zhang, Yiping; Jiao, Shun Chang; Wang, Chang-li; He, Jintao; Jia, Xueke; Zhang, Li; Peng, Jiewen; Wu, Meina; Ying, Kejing; Wang, Junye; Ma, Kewei; Zhang, Shucai; You, Changxuan; Ding, Lieming; Wang, Yinxiang; Shen, Haijiao; Wan, Jiang; Sun, Yan (2013). “Safety and efficacy results of a phase IV, open-label, multicenter, safety-monitoring study of icotinib in treating advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): ISAFE study”. ASCO 2013 Meeting: e19161.
  4.  Chen, Xiaofeng; Zhu, Quan; Liu, Yiqian; Liu, Ping; Yin, Yongmei; Guo, Renhua; Lu, Kaihua; Gu, Yanhong; Liu, Lianke; Wang, Jinghua; Wang, Zhaoxia; Røe, Oluf Dimitri; Shu, Yongqian; Zhu, Lingjun; Chellappan, Srikumar P. (16 May 2014). “Icotinib Is an Active Treatment of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Study”. PLoS ONE 9 (5): e95897.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0095897.

 

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Icotinib Hydrochloride, Synthesis, Crystalline Forms, Pharmaceutical Compositions, and Uses Thereof [US2011182882] 2011-07-28
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