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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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RPL 554


STR1

RPL554.png

ChemSpider 2D Image | RPL-554 | C26H31N5O4

UNII-3E3D8T1GIX.png

RPL-554

  • Molecular FormulaC26H31N5O4
  • Average mass477.555
RPL 554
Urea, N-[2-[(2E)-6,7-dihydro-9,10-dimethoxy-4-oxo-2-[(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino]-2H-pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-3(4H)-yl]ethyl]-
(2-[(2E)-9,10-DIMETHOXY-4-OXO-2-[(2,4,6-TRIMETHYLPHENYL)IMINO]-2H,3H,4H,6H,7H-PYRIMIDO[4,3-A]ISOQUINOLIN-3-YL]ETHYL)UREA
2-[9,10-dimethoxy-4-oxo-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino-6,7-dihydropyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl]ethylurea
{2-[(2E)-9,10-dimethoxy-4-oxo-2-[(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino]-2H,3H,4H,6H,7H-pyrimido[4,3-a]isoquinolin-3-yl]ethyl}urea
2-[4-keto-9,10-dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino-6,7-dihydropyrimido[4,3-a]isoquinolin-3-yl]ethylurea
2-[9,10-dimethoxy-4-oxo-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino-6,7-dihydropyrimido[4,3-a]isoquinolin-3-yl]ethylurea
298680-25-8  CAS
UNII:3E3D8T1GIX

CFTR stimulator; PDE 3 inhibitor; PDE 4 inhibitor

RPL-554 is a mixed phosphodiesterase (PDE) III/IV inhibitor in phase II clinical development at Verona Pharma for the treatment of asthma, allergic rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and inflammation.

RPL-554 is expected to have long duration of action and will be administered nasally thereby preventing gastrointestinal problems often resulting from orally administered PDE4 antiinflammatory drugs.

The company is now seeking licensing agreements or partnerships for the further development and commercialization of the drug.

RPL-554 (LS-193,855) is a drug candidate for respiratory diseases. It is an analog of trequinsin, and like trequinsin, is a dual inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase enzymes PDE-3 and PDE-4.[1] As of October 2015, inhaled RPL-554 delivered via a nebulizer was in development for COPD and had been studied in asthma.[2]

PDE3 inhibitors act as bronchodilators, while PDE4 inhibitors have an anti-inflammatory effect.[1][3]

RPL554 was part of a family of compounds invented by Sir David Jack, former head of R&D for GlaxoSmithKline, and Alexander Oxford, a medicinal chemist; the patents on their work were assigned to Vernalis plc.[4][5]:19-20

In 2005, Rhinopharma Ltd, acquired the rights to the intellectual property from Vernalis.[5]:19-20 Rhinopharma was a startup founded in Vancouver, Canada in 2004 by Michael Walker, Clive Page, and David Saint, to discover and develop drugs for chronic respiratory diseases,[5]:16 and intended to develop RPL-554, delivered with an inhaler, first for allergic rhinitis, then asthma, then forCOPD.[5]:16-17 RPL554 was synthesized at Tocris, a contract research organization, under the supervision of Oxford, and was studied in collaboration with Page’s lab at King’s College, London.[1] In 2006 Rhinopharma recapitalized and was renamed Verona Pharma plc.[5]

This was first seen in April 2015 when it was published as a France national. Verona Pharma (formerly Rhinopharma), under license from Kings College via Vernalis, is developing the long-acting bronchodilator, RPL-554 the lead in a series dual inhibitor of multidrug resistant protein-4 and PDE 3 and 4 inhibiting trequinsin analogs which included RPL-565, for treating inflammatory respiratory diseases, such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, and COPD.

RPL554

Verona Pharma’s lead drug, RPL554, is a “first-in-class” inhaled drug under development for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and cystic fibrosis. The drug is an inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) and phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) enzymes, two enzymes known to be of importance in the development and progression of immunological respiratory diseases. The drug has the potential to act as both a bronchodilator and an anti-inflammatory which would significantly differentiate it from existing drugs.

RPL554 was selected from a class of compounds co-invented by Sir David Jack, the former Director of Research at Glaxo who led the team that discovered many of the commercially successful drugs in the respiratory market.

Verona Pharma has successfully completed two double-blind placebo controlled randomised Phase 2b studies of RPL554: one in mild to moderate asthma and another in mild to moderate COPD. The drug was found to be well tolerated, free from drug-related adverse effects (especially cardiovascular and gastro-intestinal effects) and generated significant bronchodilation.  Additionally, double-blind placebo controlled exploratory studies in healthy volunteers challenged with an inhaled irritant also generated consistent, clinically meaningful anti-inflammatory effects.

Verona Pharma is also carrying out exploratory studies to investigate the potential of RPL554 as a novel treatement for cystic fibrosis. In November 2014, the Company received a Venture and Innovation Award from the UK Cystic Fibrosis Trust to further such studies.

For further information on the potential of RPL554 for the treatment of respiratory diseases, refer to the peer-reviewed paper available on-line in the highly-respected medication journal, The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, entitledEfficacy and safety of RPL554, a dual PDE3 and PDE4 inhibitor, in healthy volunteers and in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: findings from four clinical trials”.

The competitive advantages of RPL554 include the following:
  • combining bronchodilator (PDE 3) and anti-inflammatory actions (PDE 4) in a single drug, something that is currently only achieved with a combination LABA and glucocorticosteroid inhaler,
  • unique in not using steroids or beta agonists, which have known side effects,
  • planned to be administered by nasal inhalation, thereby reducing the unwanted gastrointestinal side effects of many orally administered drugs.
History of Clinical Trials
  • Following completion in May 2008 of toxicological studies of RPL554, the Company commenced in February 2009 a Phase I/IIa clinical trial of the drug at the Centre for Human Drug Research (CHDR) at Leiden in the Netherlands. In September 2009, the Company announced that it had successfully completed the trial, demonstrating that RPL554 has a good safety profile and has beneficial effects in terms of bronchodilation and bronchoprotection in asthmatics and a reduction in the numbers of inflammatory cells in the nasal passages of allergic rhinitis patients.
  • In November 2010, the Company successfully completed a further trial that examined the safety and bronchodilator effectiveness of the drug administered at higher doses.
  • In August 2011, the Company demonstrated that bronchodilation is maintained over a period of 6 days with daily dosing of RPL554 in asthmatics.
  • In November 2011, the Company successfully demonstrated safety and bronchodilation of RPL554 in patients with mild to moderate forms of COPD.
  • In March 2013, the Company demonstrated positive airway anti-inflammatory activity with respect to COPD at a clinical trial carried out at the Medicines Evaluation Unit (MEU) in Manchester, UK.

Synthesis

WO 2000058308

STR1

Cyclization of 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)barbituric acid  in refluxing POCl3 produces the pyrimidoisoquinolinone , which is further condensed with 2,4,6-trimethylaniline  in boiling isopropanol to afford the trimethylphenylimino derivative . Subsequent alkylation of with N-(2-bromoethyl)phthalimide in the presence of K2CO3 and KI, followed by hydrazinolysis of the resulting phthalimidoethyl compound  yields the primary amine . This is finally converted into the title urea RPL 554 by reaction with sodium cyanate in aqueous HCl.

Example 1 : 9 Λ 0-Dimethoxy-2-(2.4-6-trimethy-phen yliminoY-3-(N-carbamoyl-2- aminoethylV3.4.6.7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6.1-a]isoquinolin-4-one

Figure imgf000029_0001

Sodium cyanate (6.0g, 0.092 mol) in water (100 ml) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of 9,10-Dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(2-aminoethyl)-3,4,6,7- tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6,l-a]isoquinolin-4-one, prepared according to Preparation 4 above (20.0g, 0.046 mol) in water (600 ml) and IN ΗC1 (92 ml) at 80°C. After stirring for 2h at 80°C the mixture was cooled in an ice-bath and basified with 2N NaOH. The mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 200 ml) and the combined extract was dried (MgSO- ) and evaporated in vacuo. The resulting yellow foam was purified by column chromatography on silica gel eluting with CH2CI2 / MeOH (97:3) and triturated with ether to obtain the title compound as a yellow solid, 11.9g, 54%.

M.p.: 234-236°C m/z: C26H31N5O4 requires M=477 found (M+l) = 478

HPLC: Area (%) 99.50 Column ODS (150 x 4.6 mm)

MP pH3 KH2PO4 / CH3CN (60/40)

FR (ml/min) 1.0 RT (min) 9.25 Detection 250 nm

lK NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3): δ 1.92 (1H, br s, NH), 2.06 (6H, s, 2xCH3), 2.29 (3H, s, CH3), 2.92 (2H, t, CH2), 3.53 (2H, m, CH2), 3.77 (3H, s, OCH3), 3.91 (3H, s, OCH3), 4.05 (2H, t, CH2), 4.40 (2H, t, CH2), 5.35 (2H, br s, NH2), 5.45 (1H, s, C=CH), 6.68 (1H, s, ArH), 6.70 (1H, s, ArH), 6.89 (2H, s, 2xArH).

Preparation 1 : Synthesis of 2-Chloro-6.7-d-hydro-9.10-Dimethoxy-4H-pyrimido- [6,l-a]isoquinoHn-4-one (shown as (1) in Figure 1

Figure imgf000027_0001

A mixture of l-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) barbituric acid (70g, 0.24mol), prepared according to the method described in B. Lai et al. J.Med.Chem. 27 1470-1480 (1984), and phosphorus oxychloride (300ml, 3.22mol) was refluxed for 2.5h. The excess phosphorous oxychloride was removed by distillation (20mmHg) on wa ming. After cooling the residue was slurried in dioxan (100ml) and cautiously added to a vigorously stirred ice/water solution (11). Chloroform (11) was added and the resulting mixture was basified with 30% sodium hydroxide solution. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous phase further extracted with chloroform (2x750ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with water (1.51), dried over magnesium sulphate and concentrated in vacuo to leave a gummy material (90g). This was stirred in methanol for a few minutes, filtered and washed with methanol (200ml), diethyl ether (2x200ml) and dried in vacuo at 40°C to yield the title compound as a yellow/orange solid. 47g, 62%

(300MHz, CDCI3) 2.96(2H, t, C(7) H2); 3.96(6H, s, 2xOCH3; 4.20(2H, t, C(6) H2); 6.61(1H, s, C(1) H); 6.76(1H, s, Ar-H); 7.10(1H, s, Ar-H). Preparation 2: 9.10-Dimethoxy-2-(2.4.6-trimethylphenyliminoV3.4.6.7- tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6.1-a]isoquinolin-4-one (shown as (2) in Figure 1

2-Chloro-9,10-dimethoxy-6,7-dihydro-4H-pyrimido[6,l-a]isoquinolin-4-one, prepared according to Preparation 1, (38.5g, 0.13 mol) and 2,4,6-trimethylaniline (52.7g, 0.39 mol) in propan-2-ol (3 1) was stirred and heated at reflux, under nitrogen, for 24h. After cooling to room temperature, the solution was evaporated in vacuo and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with CΗ2CI2 /

MeOH, initially 98:2, changing to 96:4 once the product began to elute from the column. The title compound was obtained with a slight impurity, (just above the product on tic). Yield 34.6g, 67%.

Preparation 3: 9.10-Dimethoxy-2-(2.4.6-trimethylphenyliminoV3-(2-N- phthalimidoethyπ-3.4.6.7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6.1-a]isoquinolin-4-one

(shown as (3 in Figure 1)

A mixture of 9,10-Dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-2H- pyrimido[6,l-a]isoquinolin-4-one (which was prepared according to Preparation 2) (60.0g, 0.153 mol), potassium carbonate (191g, 1.38 mol), sodium iodide (137g, 0.92 mol) and N-(2-bromoethyl)phthalimide (234g, 0.92 mol) in 2-butanone (1500 ml) was stirred and heated at reflux, under nitrogen, for 4 days. After cooling to room temperature the mixture was filtered and the filtrate was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was treated with methanol (1000 ml) and the solid filtered off, washed with methanol and recrystallised from ethyl acetate to obtain the title compound as a pale yellow solid in yield 40. Og, 46%. Evaporation of the mother liquor and column chromatography of the residue on silica gel (CΗ2C-2 / MeOH 95:5) provided further product 11.7g, 13.5%. Preparation 4: 9.10-Dimethoxy-2-(2A6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(2-arninoethyO- 3.4.6.7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6.1-a]isoquino-in-4-one (shown as (4) in Figure 1)

A mixture of 9,10-Dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(2-N- phthalimidoethyl)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6,l-a]isoquinolin-4-one (22. Og, 0.039 mol), prepared according to Preparation 3, and hydrazine hydrate (11.3g, 0.195 mol) in chloroform (300 ml) and ethanol (460 ml) was stined at room temperature, under nitrogen, for 18h. Further hydrazine hydrate (2.9g, 0.05 mol) was added and the mixture was stirred a further 4h. After cooling in ice / water, the solid was removed by filtration and the filtrate evaporated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in dichloromethane and the insoluble material was removed by filtration. The fitrate was dried (MgSO-i) and evaporated in vacuo to afford the title compound as a yellow foam in yield 16.2g, 96%.

PATENT

WO-2016128742

Novel crystalline acid addition salts forms of RPL-554 are claimed, wherein the salts, such as ethane- 1,2-disulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, methanesulfonic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, phosphoric acid or sulfuric acid. .

RPL554 (9, 10-dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(/V-carbamoyl-2-aminoethyl)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6, l-a]isoquinolin-4-one) is a dual PDE3/PDE4 inhibitor and is described in WO 00/58308. As a combined PDE3/PDE4 inhibitor, RPL554 has both antiinflammatory and bronchodilatory activity and is useful in the treatment of respiratory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The structure of RPL554 is shown below.

Owing to its applicability in the treatment of respiratory disorders, it is often preferable to administer RPL554 by inhalation. Franciosi et al. disclose a solution of RPL554 in a citrate-phosphate buffer at pH 3.2 (The Lancet: Respiratory Medicine 11/2013; l(9):714-27. DOI: 10.1016/S2213-2600(13)70187-5). The preparation of salts of RPL554 has not been described.

PATENT

http://www.google.ch/patents/WO2000058308A1?cl=en&hl=de

PATENT

http://www.google.ch/patents/WO2012020016A1?cl=en

U.S. Pat. No. 6,794,391, 7,378,424, and 7,105,663, which are each incorporated herein by reference, discloses compound RPL-554 (N-{2-[(2iT)-2-(mesityiimino)-9,10- dimethoxy-4-oxo-6,7-dihydro-2H-pyrimido[6,l-a]-isoquinolin-3 4H)-yl]ethyl}urea).

Figure imgf000003_0001

It would be beneficial to provide a composition of a stable polymorph of RPL-554, that has advanrtages over less stable polymorphs or amorphous forms, including

stability, compressibility, density, dissolution rates, increased potency or. lack toxicity.

WO2000058308A1 * Mar 29, 2000 Oct 5, 2000 Vernalis Limited DERIVATIVES OF PYRIMIDO[6,1-a]ISOQUINOLIN-4-ONE
US6794391 Sep 26, 2001 Sep 21, 2004 Vernalis Limited Derivatives of pyrimido[6.1-a]isoquinolin-4-one
US7105663 Feb 24, 2004 Sep 12, 2006 Rhinopharma Limited Derivatives of pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-4-one
US7378424 Feb 24, 2004 May 27, 2008 Verona Pharma Plc Derivatives of pyrimido[6, 1-A]isoquinolin-4-one
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US7378424 2008-05-27 Derivatives of pyrimido[6, 1-A]isoquinolin-4-one
US7105663 2006-09-12 Derivatives of pyrimido[6, 1-a]isoquinolin-4-one
US6794391 2004-09-21 Derivatives of pyrimido[6.1-a]isoquinolin-4-one
US2004001895 2004-01-01 Combination treatment for depression and anxiety
US2003235631 2003-12-25 Combination treatment for depression and anxiety
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015210655 2015-07-30 CERTAIN (2S)-N-[(1S)-1-CYANO-2-PHENYLETHYL]-1, 4-OXAZEPANE-2-CARBOXAMIDES AS DIPEPTIDYL PEPTIDASE 1 INHIBITORS
US2014349969 2014-11-27 COMPOUNDS AND METHODS FOR TREATING PAIN
US2014242174 2014-08-28 TREATING COUGH AND TUSSIVE ATTACKS
US2013252924 2013-09-26 Compounds and Methods for Treating Pain
US2013225616 2013-08-29 CRYSTALLINE FORM OF PYRIMIDIO[6, 1-A] ISOQUINOLIN-4-ONE COMPOUND
US2012302533 2012-11-29 DERIVATIVES OF PYRIMIDO [6, 1-A] ISOQUINOLIN-4-ONE
US8242127 2012-08-14 Derivatives of pyrimido[6, 1-A]isoquinolin-4-one
US2011201665 2011-08-18 Compositions, Methods, and Kits for Treating Influenza Viral Infections
US2011028510 2011-02-03 Compositions, Methods, and Kits for Treating Influenza Viral Infections
US2010260755 2010-10-14 IBUDILAST AND IMMUNOMODULATORS COMBINATION
WO2012020016A1 * 9. Aug. 2011 16. Febr. 2012 Verona Pharma Plc Crystalline form of pyrimidio[6,1-a]isoquinolin-4-one compound
WO2014140647A1 17. März 2014 18. Sept. 2014 Verona Pharma Plc Drug combination
WO2014140648A1 17. März 2014 18. Sept. 2014 Verona Pharma Plc Drug combination
WO2015173551A1 * 11. Mai 2015 19. Nov. 2015 Verona Pharma Plc New treatment
US8883857 8. März 2013 11. Nov. 2014 Baylor College Of Medicine Small molecule xanthine oxidase inhibitors and methods of use
US8883858 23. Juli 2014 11. Nov. 2014 Baylor College Of Medicine Small molecule xanthine oxidase inhibitors and methods of use
US8895626 23. Juli 2014 25. Nov. 2014 Baylor College Of Medicine Small molecule xanthine oxidase inhibitors and methods of use
US8987337 23. Juli 2014 24. März 2015 Baylor College Of Medicine Small molecule xanthine oxidase inhibitors and methods of use
US9061983 23. Juli 2014 23. Juni 2015 Baylor College Of Medicine Methods of inhibiting xanthine oxidase activity in a cell
US9062047 9. Aug. 2011 23. Juni 2015 Verona Pharma Plc Crystalline form of pyrimido[6,1-A] isoquinolin-4-one compound

References

  1. Boswell-Smith V et al. The pharmacology of two novel long-acting phosphodiesterase 3/4 inhibitors, RPL554 [9,10-dimethoxy-2(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(n-carbamoyl-2-aminoethyl)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-4-one] and RPL565 [6,7-dihydro-2-(2,6-diisopropylphenoxy)-9,10-dimethoxy-4H-pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-4-one]. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Aug;318(2):840-8. PMID 16682455
  2.  Nick Paul Taylor for FierceBiotech. October 1, 2015 Verona sets sights on PhIIb after COPD drug comes through early trial
  3.  Turner MJ et al. The dual phosphodiesterase 3 and 4 inhibitor RPL554 stimulates CFTR and ciliary beating in primary cultures of bronchial epithelia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2016 Jan 1;310(1):L59-70. PMID 26545902
  4. Jump up^ see US20040171828, identified in the citations of PMID 16682455
  5. ISIS Resources, PLC. August 23, 2006 Proposed Acquisition of Rhinopharma

REFERENCES

1: Calzetta L, Cazzola M, Page CP, Rogliani P, Facciolo F, Matera MG. Pharmacological characterization of the interaction between the dual phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3/4 inhibitor RPL554 and glycopyrronium on human isolated bronchi and small airways. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2015 Jun;32:15-23. doi: 10.1016/j.pupt.2015.03.007. Epub 2015 Apr 18. PubMed PMID: 25899618.

2: Franciosi LG, Diamant Z, Banner KH, Zuiker R, Morelli N, Kamerling IM, de Kam ML, Burggraaf J, Cohen AF, Cazzola M, Calzetta L, Singh D, Spina D, Walker MJ, Page CP. Efficacy and safety of RPL554, a dual PDE3 and PDE4 inhibitor, in healthy volunteers and in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: findings from four clinical trials. Lancet Respir Med. 2013 Nov;1(9):714-27. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(13)70187-5. Epub 2013 Oct 25. PubMed PMID: 24429275.

3: Wedzicha JA. Dual PDE 3/4 inhibition: a novel approach to airway disease? Lancet Respir Med. 2013 Nov;1(9):669-70. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(13)70211-X. Epub 2013 Oct 25. PubMed PMID: 24429260.

4: Calzetta L, Page CP, Spina D, Cazzola M, Rogliani P, Facciolo F, Matera MG. Effect of the mixed phosphodiesterase 3/4 inhibitor RPL554 on human isolated bronchial smooth muscle tone. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2013 Sep;346(3):414-23. doi: 10.1124/jpet.113.204644. Epub 2013 Jun 13. PubMed PMID: 23766543.

5: Gross N. The COPD pipeline XX. COPD. 2013 Feb;10(1):104-6. doi: 10.3109/15412555.2013.766103. PubMed PMID: 23413896.

6: Gross NJ. The COPD Pipeline XIV. COPD. 2012 Feb;9(1):81-3. doi: 10.3109/15412555.2012.646587. PubMed PMID: 22292600.

7: Boswell-Smith V, Spina D, Oxford AW, Comer MB, Seeds EA, Page CP. The pharmacology of two novel long-acting phosphodiesterase 3/4 inhibitors, RPL554 [9,10-dimethoxy-2(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(n-carbamoyl-2-aminoethyl)-3,4,6, 7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-4-one] and RPL565 [6,7-dihydro-2-(2,6-diisopropylphenoxy)-9,10-dimethoxy-4H-pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquino lin-4-one]. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Aug;318(2):840-8. Epub 2006 May 8. PubMed PMID: 16682455.

RPL-554
RPL554.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-{2-[(2E)-2-(mesitylimino)-9,10-dimethoxy-4-oxo-6,7-dihydro-2H-pyrimido[6,1-a]-isoquinolin-3(4H)-yl]ethyl}urea
Identifiers
PubChem CID 9934746
ChemSpider 8110374 Yes
Synonyms 9,10-Dimethoxy-2-(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimino)-3-(N-carbamoyl-2-aminoethyl)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrimido[6,1-a]isoquinolin-4-one
Chemical data
Formula C26H31N5O4
Molar mass 477.554 g/mol

///////////RPL-554, LS-193,855, 298680-25-8, UNII:3E3D8T1GIX, RPL554, RPL 554, phase 2, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases , COPD, Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma Therapy, Cystic Fibrosis, Inflammation, Bronchodilators

Cc3cc(C)cc(C)c3N=c2cc1-c(cc4OC)c(cc4OC)CCn1c(=O)n2CCNC(N)=O

Arformoterol, (R,R)-Formoterol For Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)


Arformoterol.svg

Arformoterol

  • MF C19H24N2O4
  • MW 344.405
(R,R)-Formoterol
Cas 67346-49-0
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Sunovion/Sepracor (Originator)
  • Asthma Therapy, Bronchodilators, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD), Treatment of, RESPIRATORY DRUGS, beta2-Adrenoceptor Agonists
  • LAUNCHED 2007 , Phase III ASTHMA
Formamide, N-[2-hydroxy-5-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(1R)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]-

Arformoterol is a long-acting β2 adrenoreceptor agonist (LABA) indicated for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). It is sold by Sunovion, under the trade name Brovana, as a solution of arformoterol tartrate to be administered twice daily (morning and evening) by nebulization.[1]

Arformoterol inhalation solution, a long-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonist, was launched in the U.S. in 2007 for the long-term twice-daily (morning and evening) treatment of bronchospasm in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The product, known as Brovana(TM), for use by nebulization only, is the first long-acting beta2-agonist to be approved as an inhalation solution for use with a nebulizer. The product was developed and is being commercialized by Sunovion Pharmaceuticals (formerly Sepracor)

Arformoterol.png

It is the active (R,R)-(−)-enantiomer of formoterol and was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on October 6, 2006 for the treatment of COPD.

Arformoterol is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing. Arformoterol inhalation is used to prevent bronchoconstriction in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The use of arformoterol is pending revision due to safety concerns in regards to an increased risk of severe exacerbation of asthma symptoms, leading to hospitalization as well as death in some patients using long acting beta agonists for the treatment of asthma.

Arformoterol is an ADRENERGIC BETA-2 RECEPTOR AGONIST with a prolonged duration of action. It is used to manage ASTHMA and in the treatment of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE.

 
Arformoterol is a beta2-Adrenergic Agonist. The mechanism of action of arformoterol is as an Adrenergic beta2-Agonist.
Arformoterol is a long-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist and isomer of formoterol with bronchodilator activity. Arformoterol selectively binds to and activates beta-2 adrenergic receptors in bronchiolar smooth muscle, thereby causing stimulation of adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3′,5′-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Increased intracellular cAMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and lead to a reduced release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells. This may eventually lead to an improvement of airway function.

Arformoterol tartrate

  • Molecular FormulaC23H30N2O10
  • Average mass494.492
  •  cas 200815-49-2
  • 183-185°C
Butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-, (2R,3R)-, compd. with formamide, N-[2-hydroxy-5-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(1R)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]- (1:1) [ACD/Index Name]
N-{2-hydroxy-5-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-{[(1R)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino}ethyl]phenyl}formamide 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioate (salt)
N-[2-Hydroxy-5-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(1R)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]formamide (+)-(2R,3R)-Tartaric Acid; (-)-Formoterol 1,2-Dihydroxyethane-1,2-dicarboxylic Acid; (R,R)-Formoterol Threaric Acid; Arformoterol d-Tartaric Acid; Arformoterol d-α,β-Dihydroxysuccinic Acid
(R,R)-Formoterol-L-(+)-tartrate
200815-49-2 CAS
Arformoterol tartrate (USAN)
Brovana
UNII:5P8VJ2I235
Arformoterol Tartrate, can be used in the synthesis of Omeprazole (O635000), which is a proton pump inhibitor, that inhibits gasteric secretion, also used in the treatment of dyspepsia, peptic ulcer disease, etc. Itis also the impurity of Esomeprazole Magnesium (E668300), which is the S-form of Omeprazole, and is a gastric proton-pump inhibitor. Also, It can be used for the preparation of olodaterol, a novel inhaled β2-adrenoceptor agonist with a 24h bronchodilatory efficacy.
 

SYNTHESIS

PATENT

us-9309186

Example 1

Synthesis of (R,R)-Formoterol-L-tartrate Form D

A solution containing 3.9 g (26 mmol) of L-tartaric acid and 36 mL of methanol was added to a solution of 9 g (26 mmol) of arformoterol base and 144 mL methanol at 23.degree. C. Afterwards, the resulting mixture was seeded with form D and stirred at 23.degree. C. for 1 hour. It was then further cooled to 0-5.degree. C. for 1 hour and the product collected by filtration and dried under inlet air (atmospheric pressure) for 16 hours to provide 11.1 g (86% yield) (99.7% chemical purity, containing 0.14% of the degradation impurity (R)-1-(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-[[(1R)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethy- l]amino]ethanol) of (R,R)-formoterol L-tartrate form D, as an off white powder. .sup.1H-NMR (200 MHz, d.sub.6-DMSO) .delta.: 1.03 (d, 3H); 2.50-2.67 (m, 5H); 3.72 (s, 3H); 3.99 (s, 2H); 4.65-4.85 (m, 1H); 6.82-7.15 (m, 5H); 8.02 (s, 1H); 8.28 (s, 1H); 9.60 (s, NH). No residual solvent was detected (.sup.1H-NMR).

PSD: d.sub.50=2.3 .mu.m.

 PAPER
Tetrahedron Letters, Vol. 38, No. 7, pp. 1125-1128, 1997
Enantio- and Diastereoselective Synthesis of all Four Stereoisomers of Formoterol
 STR1
STR1
PAPER

Taking Advantage of Polymorphism To Effect an Impurity Removal:  Development of a Thermodynamic Crystal Form of (R,R)-FormoterolTartrate

Chemical Research and Development, Sepracor Inc., 111 Locke Drive, Marlborough, Massachusetts 01752, U.S.A.
Org. Proc. Res. Dev., 2002, 6 (6), pp 855–862
DOI: 10.1021/op025531h

Abstract

Abstract Image

The development and large-scale implementation of a novel technology utilizing polymorphic interconversion and crystalline intermediate formation of (R,R)-formoterol l-tartrate ((R,R)-FmTA, 1) as a tool for the removal of impurities from the final product and generation of the most thermodynamically stable crystal form is reported. The crude product was generated by precipitation of the free base as the l-tartrate salt in a unique polymorphic form, form B. Warming the resultant slurry effected the formation of a partially hydrated stable crystalline intermediate, form C, with a concomitant decrease in the impurity levels in the solid. Isolation and recrystallization of form C provided 1 in the thermodynamically most stable polymorph, form A.

SYN1
SYN 2
SYN 3
 SYN 4
SYN 5

PATENT

Formoterol, (+/-)N-[2-hydroxy-5-[1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(p-methoxyphenyl)-2-propylamino]ethyl]phenyl]-formamide, is a highly potent and β2-selective adrenoceptor agonist having a long lasting bronchodilating effect when inhaled. Its chemical structure is depicted below:
Figure imgb0001
Formoterol has two chiral centres, each of which can exist into two different configurations. This results into four different combinations, (R,R), (S,S), (S,R) and (R,S). Formoterol is commercially available as a racemic mixture of 2 diasteromers (R,R) and (S,S) in a 1:1 ratio. The generic name Formoterol always refers to its racemic mixture. Trofast et al. (Chirality, 1, 443, 1991) reported on the potency of these isomers, showing a decrease in the order of (R,R)>(R,S)≥(S,R)>(S,S). The (R,R) isomer, also known as Arformoterol, being 1000 fold more potent than the (S,S) isomer. Arformoterol is commercialised by Sepracor as Brovana
Formoterol was first disclosed in Japanese patent application (Application N° 13121 ) whereby Formoterol is synthesised by N-alkylation using a phenacyl bromide as described in the scheme below:
Figure imgb0002
Afterwards, a small number of methods have been reported so far, regarding the synthesis of the (R,R) isomer, also referred as (R,R)-Formoterol and Arformoterol.
Murase et al. [Chem. Pharm. Bull. 26(4) 1123-1129(1978)] reported the preparation of (R,R)-Formoterol from a racemic mixture of the (R,R) and (S,S) isomers by optical resolution using optically active tartaric acid. Trofast et al. described a method in which 4-benzyloxy-3-nitrostyrene oxide was coupled with a optically pure (R,R)- or (S,S)-N-phenylethyl-N-(1-p-methoxyphenyl)-2-(propyl)amine to give a diastereomeric mixture of Formoterol precursors. These precursors were further separated by HPLC in order to obtain pure Formoterol isomers. Both synthetic processes undergo long synthetic procedures and low yields.
Patent publication EP0938467 describes a method in which Arformoterol is prepared via the reaction of the optically pure (R) N-benzyl-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-(methylethylamine) with an optically pure (R)-4-benzyloxy-3-nitrostyrene oxide or (R)-4-benzyloxy-3-formamidostyrene oxide followed by formylation of the amino group. This method requires relatively severe reaction conditions, 24 h at a temperature of from 110 up to 130 °C as well as a further purification step using tartaric acid in order to eliminate diastereomer impurities formed during the process.
WO2009/147383 discloses a process for the preparation of intermediates of Formoterol and Arformoterol which comprises a reduction of a ketone intermediate of formula:
Figure imgb0003
Using chiral reductive agent with an enantiomeric excess of about 98% which requires further purification steps to obtain a product of desired optical purity.
 R,R)-Formoterol (Arformoterol) or a salt thereof from optically pure and stable intermediate (R)-2-(4-Benzyloxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-oxirane (compound II), suitable for industrial use, in combination with optically pure amine in higher yields, as depicted in the scheme below:
Figure imgb0011

Compound (R, R)-1-(4-Benzyloxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-2-[[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-methylethyl]-(1-phenyl-ethyl)-amino]-ethanol (compound VI), having the configuration represented by the following formula:

Figure imgb0018

Examples(R)-2-(4-Benzyloxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-oxirane (II)

A solution of 90 g (0.25 mol) of (R)-1-(4-Benzyloxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-2-bromo-ethanol (compound I) in 320 mL of toluene and 50 mL of MeOH was added to a stirred suspension of 46 g (0.33 mol) of K2CO3 in 130 mL of toluene and 130 mL of MeOH. The mixture was stirred at 40°C for 20 h and washed with water (400 mL). The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure to a volume of 100 mL and stirred at 25 °C for 30 min. It was then further cooled to 0-5°C for 30 min. and the product collected by filtration and dried at 40 °C to provide 67.1 g (97% yield) (98% chemical purity, 100% e.e.) of compound II as an off-white solid. 1 H-NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 2.80-2.90 (m, 2H); 3.11-3.20 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.90 (m, 1H); 5.23 (s, 2H); 7.11 (d, 2H); 7.41 (m, 5H), 7.76 (d, 2H).

Preparation of (R,R)-[2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-1-methyl-ethyl]-(1-phenyl-ethyl)-amine (III)

A solution of 13 g (78.6 mmol) of 1-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-propan-2-one and 8.3 g (78.6 mmol) of (R)-1-Phenylethylamine in 60 mL MeOH was hydrogenated in the presence of 1.7 g of Pt/C 5% at 10 atm. and 30 °C for 20 h. The mixture was filtered though a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure to give compound III as an oil. The obtained oil was dissolved in 175 mL of acetone, followed by addition of 6.7 mL (80.9 mmol) of a 12M HCl solution. The mixture was stirred at 23 °C for 30 min and at 0-5 °C for 30 min. The product collected by filtration and dried at 40 °C to provide 13.8 g of the hydrochloride derivate as a white solid. The obtained solid was stirred in 100 mL of acetone at 23 °C for 1h and at 0-5 °C for 30 min, collected by filtration and dried at 40 °C to provide 13.2 g of the hydrochloride derivate as a white solid. This compound was dissolved in 100 mL of water and 100 mL of toluene followed by addition of 54 mL (54 mmol) of 1N NaOH solution. The organic phase was concentrated to give 11.7 g (55% yield) (99% chemical purity and 100% e.e) of compound III as an oil.1H-NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 0.88 (d, 3H); 1.31 (d, 3H), 2.40-2.50 (m, 1H); 2.60-2.80 (m, 2H); 3.74 (s, 3H); 3.90-4.10 (m, 1H); 6.77- 6.98 (m, 4H), 7.31 (s, 5H).

Synthesis of (R,R)-1-(4-Benzyloxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-2-[[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-methyl-ethyl]-(1-phenyl-ethyl)-amino]-ethanol (IV)

A 1-liter flask was charged with 50g (0.18 mol) of II and 50g (0.18 mol) of III and stirred under nitrogen atmosphere at 140 °C for 20 h. To the hot mixture was added 200 mL of toluene to obtain a solution, which was washed with 200 mL of 1N HCl and 200 mL of water. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 99 g (99% yield) (88% chemical purity) of compound IV as an oil. Enantiomeric purity 100%. 1H-NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 0.98 (d, 3H); 1.41 (d, 3H), 2.60-2.90 (m, 4H); 3.20-3.30 (m, 1H); 3.74 (s, 3H); 4.10-4.20 (m, 1H); 4.30-4.40 (m, 1H), 5.19 (s, 2H); 6.69-7.42 (m, 16H); 7.77 (s, 1H).

Synthesis of (R, R)-1-(3-Amino-4-benzyloxy-phenyl)-2-[[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-methyl-ethyl]-(1-phenyl-ethyl)-amino]-ethanol (V)

A solution of 99 g (0.18 mol) of IV in 270 mL IPA and 270 mL toluene was hydrogenated in the presence of 10 g of Ni-Raney at 18 atm and 40 °C for 20 h. The mixture was filtered though a pad of diatomaceous earth and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 87 g (92% yield) (83% chemical purity, 100 % e.e.) of compound V as an oil. 1H-NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 0.97 (d, 3H); 1.44 (d, 3H), 2.60-2.90 (m, 4H); 3.20-3.30 (m, 1H); 3.74 (s, 3H); 4.10-4.20 (m, 1H); 4.30-4.40 (m, 1H), 5.07 (s, 2H); 6.67-6.84 (m, 7H); 7.25-7.42 (m, 10H).

Synthesis of (R,R)-N-(2-Benzyloxy-5-{1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-methyl-ethyl]-(1-phenyl-ethyl)-amino]-ethyl)-phenyl)-formamide (VI)

24 mL (0.63 mol) of formic acid was added to 27 mL (0.28 mol) of acetic anhydride and stirred at 50 °C for 2 h under nitrogen atmosphere. The resulting mixture was diluted with 100 mL of CH2Cl2 and cooled to 0 °C. A solution of 78 g (0.15 mol) of V in 300 mL de CH2Cl2 was slowly added and stirred for 1h at 0 °C. Then, 150 mL of 10% K2CO3 aqueous solution were added and stirred at 0 °C for 15 min. The organic phase was washed twice with 400 mL of 10% K2CO3 aqueous solution and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 80 g (97% yield, 100% e.e.) (75% chemical purity) of compound VI as an oil. 1H-NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) δ: 0.98 (d, 3H); 1.42 (d, 3H), 2.60-2.90 (m, 4H); 3.20-3.30 (m, 1H); 3.75 (s, 3H); 4.10-4.20 (m, 1H); 4.30-4.40 (m, 1H), 5.09 (s, 2H); 6.67-7.41 (m, 17H); 8.4 (d, 1H).

Synthesis (R,R)-N-(2-Hydroxy-5-{1-hydroxy-2-[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-methyl-ethylamino]-ethyl}-phenyl)-formamide (VII)

A solution of 8.5 g (16 mmol) of VI, previous purified by column chromatography on silica gel (AcOEt/heptane, 2:3), in 60 mL ethanol was hydrogenated in the presence of 0.14 g of Pd/C 5% at 10 atm. and 40 °C for 20 h. The mixture was filtered though a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 5 g (93% yield) (91% chemical purity, 100% e.e.) of compound VII as foam. m. p.= 58-60 °C. 1H-NMR (200 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ: 0.98 (d, 3H); 2.42-2.65 (m, 5H); 3.20-3.40 (m, 1H); 3.71 (s, 3H); 4.43-4.45 (m, 1H); 6.77-7.05 (m, 5H); 8.02 (s, 1H), 8.26 (s, 1H).

Synthesis (R,R)-N-(2-Hydroxy-5-{1-hydroxy-2-[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-1-methyl-ethylamino]-ethyl}-phenyl)-formamide (VII)

A solution of 46 g (0.08 mol) of VI, crude product, was dissolved in 460 mL ethanol and hydrogenated in the presence of 0.74 g of Pd/C 5% at 10 atm. and 40 ° C for 28 h. The mixture was filtered though a pad of diatomaceous earth and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 24 g (83% yield) (77% chemical purity, 100% e.e.) of compound VII as a foam. m. p. = 58-60 °C. 1H-NMR (200 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ: 0.98 (d, 3H); 2.42-2.65 (m, 5H); 3.20-3.40 (m, 1H); 3.71 (s, 3H); 4.43-4.45 (m, 1H); 6.77-7.05 (m, 5H); 8.02 (s, 1H), 8.26 (s, 1H).

The HPLC conditions used for the determination of the Chemical purity % are described in the table below:

  • HPLC Column Kromasil 100 C-18
    Dimensions 0.15 m x 4.6 mm x 5 µm
    Buffer 2.8 ml TEA (triethylamine) pH=3.00 H3PO4 (85%) in 1 L of H2O
    Phase B Acetonitrile
    Flow rate 1.5 ml miN-1
    Temperature 40 °C
    Wavelength 230 nm

    The HPLC conditions used for the determination of the enantiomeric purity % are described in the table below:

    HPLC Column Chiralpak AD-H
    Dimensions 0.25 m x 4.6 mm
    Buffer n-hexane : IPA : DEA (diethyl amine) : H2O 85:15:0.1:0.1
    Flow rate 0.8 ml min-1
    Temperature 25 °C
    Wavelength 228 nm

PATENT

Example 1

(R) -2- (4- benzyloxy-3-nitrophenyl) oxirane (I) (9. 86g, 36mmol) and (R) -I- (4- methoxy- phenyl) -N – [(R) -I- phenyl-ethyl] -2-amino-propane (II) (10. 8g, 40mmol) cast in the reaction flask, the reaction 20 hours at 140 ° C, the chiral Intermediate (III) (17. 3g, yield 88%). HPLC: de values of> 90%; MS (ESI) m / z: 541 3 (M ++ 1); 1H-NMR (CDCl3):.. Δ 0. 96 (d, 3H), 1 49 (d, 3H ), 2 · 15 (q, 1Η), 2 · 67 (dq, 2H), 2. 99 (dq, 2H), 3. 74 (s, 3H), 4. 09 (d, 1H), 4. 56 (q, 1H), 5. 24 (s, 2H), 6. 77 (dd, 4H), 7. 10 (d, 1H), 7. 25-7. 5 (m, 11H), 7. 84 ( s, 1H).

 Example 2

 (R) -2- (4- benzyloxy-3-nitrophenyl) oxirane (I) (9. 86g, 36mmol) and (R) -I- (4- methoxybenzene yl) -N – [(R) -I- phenyl-ethyl] -2-amino-propane (II) (10. 8g, 40mmol) and toluene 100ml, 110 ° C0-flow reactor 36 hours, the solvent was distilled off succeeded intermediates (III) (16. 8g, yield 85%).

Example 3

(R) -2- (4- benzyloxy-3-nitrophenyl) oxirane (I) (9. 86g, 36mmol) and (R) -I- (4- methoxybenzene After [(R) -I- phenyl-ethyl] -2-amino-propane (II) (10. 8g, 40mmol) and dichloromethane 100ml, 30 ° C for 48 hours, and the solvent was distilled off – yl) -N succeeded intermediates (III) (15. Sg, yield 80%).

Example 4

 (R) -2- (4- benzyloxy-3-nitrophenyl) oxirane (I) (9. 86g, 36mmol) and (R) -I- (4- methoxybenzene yl) -N – [(R) -I- phenyl-ethyl] -2-amino-propane (II) (8. 75g, 32mmol) cast in the reaction flask, the reaction 20 hours at 140 ° C, the chiral intermediate form (III) (16. 3g, 83% yield).

Example 5

 (R) -2- (4- benzyloxy-3-nitrophenyl) oxirane (I) (9. 86g, 36mmol) and (R) -I- (4- methoxybenzene yl) -N – [(R) -I- phenyl-ethyl] -2-amino-propane (II) (14. 6g, 54mmol) cast in the reaction flask, the reaction 20 hours at 140 ° C, the chiral intermediate form (III) (17. 5g, 89% yield).

STR1

Scheme

chirality 1991, 3, 443-50
Fumaric acid (0.138 mmol, 16 mg) was added to the residue dissolved in methanol. Evaporation of the solvent gave the
product (SS) W semifumarate (109 mg) characterized by ‘HNMR (4-D MSO) 6 (ppm) 1.00 (d, 3H, CHCH,), 4.624.70 (m, lH,
CHOH), 3.73 (s, 3H, OCH,), 6.M.9 (m, 3H, aromatic), 7.00 (dd,4H, aromatic), 6.49 (s, 1@ CH = CH fumarate). MS of disilylated
(SS) W: 473 (M +<H3,7%); 367 (M ‘<8H90, 45%); 310 61%). The (RSS) fraction was treated in the same manner
giving the product (R;S) W semifumarate, which was characterized by ‘H-NMR (4-DMSO) 6 (ppm) 1.01 (d, 3H, CHCH,),
3.76 (s, 3H, OC&), 6.49 (s, lH, CH=CH, fumarate) 6.M.9 (m, 3H, aromatic), 7.0 (dd, 4H, aromatic). MS of disilylated (R;S)
(M’X~~HIGNO1,7 %); 178 ( C I ~H~ ~N95O%,) ; 121 (CsH90, W. 473 (M’4H3, 5%); 367 (M’4gH90, 48%); 310
(M +–CI~HIGNO18, %); 178 (CIIHIGNO, 95%); 121 (CsH90, 52%). The structural data for the (RR) and (S;R) enantiomers
were in accordance with the proposed structures. The enantiomeric purity obtained for the enantiomers in each batch is
shown in Table 1.
STR1
Scheme
The enantioselective reduction of phenacyl bromide (I) with BH3.S(CH3)2 in THF catalyzed by the chiral borolidine (II) (obtained by reaction of (1R,2S)-1-amino-2-indanol (III) with BH3.S(CH3)2 in THF) gives the (R)-2-bromo-1-(4-benzyloxy-3-nitrophenyl)ethanol (IV), which is reduced with H2 over PtO2 in THF/toluene yielding the corresponding amino derivative (V). The reaction of (V) with formic acid and Ac2O affords the formamide (VI), which is condensed with the chiral (R)-N-benzyl-N-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amine (VII) in THF/methanol providing the protected target compound (VIII). Finally, this compound is debenzylated by hydrogenation with H2 over Pd/C in ethanol. The intermediate the chiral (R)-N-benzyl-N-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amine (VII) has been obtained by reductocondensation of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone (IX) and benzylamine by hydrogenation with H2 over Pd/C in methanol yielding racemic N-benzyl-N-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amine (X), which is submitted to optical resolution with (S)-mandelic acid to obtain the desired (R)-enantiomer (VII).
Org Process Res Dev1998,2,(2):96

Large-Scale Synthesis of Enantio- and Diastereomerically Pure (R,R)-Formoterol

Process Research and Development, Sepracor Inc., 111 Locke Drive, Marlborough, Massachusetts 01752
Org. Proc. Res. Dev., 1998, 2 (2), pp 96–99
DOI: 10.1021/op970116o

Abstract

(R,R)-Formoterol (1) is a long-acting, very potent β2-agonist, which is used as a bronchodilator in the therapy of asthma and chronic bronchitis. Highly convergent synthesis of enantio- and diastereomerically pure (R,R)-formoterol fumarate is achieved by a chromatography-free process with an overall yield of 44%. Asymmetric catalytic reduction of bromoketone 4 using as catalyst oxazaborolidine derived from (1R, 2S)-1-amino-2-indanol and resolution of chiral amine 3 are the origins of chirality in this process. Further enrichment of enantio- and diastereomeric purity is accomplished by crystallizations of the isolated intermediates throughout the process to give (R,R)-formoterol (1) as the pure stereoisomer (ee, de >99.5%).

STR1
STR1

Scheme

The intermediate N-benzyl-N-[1(R)-methyl-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]amine (IV) has been obtained as follows: The reductocondensation of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone (I) with benzylamine (II) by H2 over Pd/C gives the N-benzyl-N-[1-methyl-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]amine (III) as a racemic mixture, which is submitted to optical resolution with L-mandelic acid in methanol to obtain the desired (R)-enantiomer (IV). The reaction of cis-(1R,2S)-1-aminoindan-2-ol (V) with trimethylboroxine in toluene gives the (1R,2S)-oxazaborolidine (VI), which is used as chiral catalyst in the enantioselective reduction of 4-benzyloxy-3-nitrophenacyl bromide (VII) by means of BH3/THF, yielding the chiral bromoethanol derivative (VIII). The reaction of (VIII) with NaOH in aqueous methanol affords the epoxide (IX), which is condensed with the intermediate amine (IV) by heating the mixture at 90 C to provide the adduct (X). The reduction of the nitro group of (X) with H2 over PtO2 gives the corresponding amino derivative (XI), which is acylated with formic acid to afford the formamide compound (XII). Finally, this compound is debenzylated by hydrogenation with H2 over Pd/C in ethanol, providing the target compound.
The synthesis of the chiral borolidine catalyst (II) starting from indoline (I), as well as the enantioselective reduction of 4′-(benzyloxy)-3′-nitrophenacyl bromide (III), catalyzed by borolidine (II), and using various borane complexes (borane/dimethylsulfide, borane/THF and borane/diethylaniline), has been studied in order to solve the problems presented in large-scale synthesis. The conclusions of the study are that the complex borane/diethylaniline (DEANB) is the most suitable reagent for large-scale reduction of phenacyl bromide (III) since the chemical hazards and inconsistent reagent quality of the borane/THF and borane/dimethylsulfide complexes disqualified their use in large-scale processes. The best reaction conditions of the reduction with this complex are presented.
PATENT

Formoterol is a long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonist and has a long duration of action of up to 12 hours. Chemically it is termed as Λ/-[2-hydroxy-5-[1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(4- methoxyphenyl)propan-2-yl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]-formamide. The structure of formoterol is as shown below.

Figure imgf000003_0001

The asterisks indicate that formoterol has two chiral centers in the molecule, each of which can exist in two possible configurations. This gives rise to four diastereomers which have the following configurations: (R,R), (S1S), (S1R) and (R1S).

(R1R) and (S1S) are mirror images of each other and are therefore enantiomers. Similarly (S1R) and (R1S) form other enatiomeric pair.

The commercially-available formoterol is a 50:50 mixture of the (R1R)- and (S1S)- enantiomers. (R,R)-formoterol is an extremely potent full agonist at the β2-adrenoceptor and is responsible for bronchodilation and has anti-inflammatory properties. On the other hand (S,S)-enantiomer, has no bronchodilatory activity and is proinflammatory.

Murase et al. [Chem.Pharm.Bull., .26(4)1123-1129(1978)] synthesized all four isomers of formoterol and examined for β-stimulant activity. In the process, racemic formoterol was subjected to optical resolution with tartaric acid.

In another attempt by Trofast et al. [Chirality, 3:443-450(1991 )], racemic 4-benzyloxy-3- nitrostryrene oxide was coupled with optically pure N-[(R)-1-phenylethyl]-2-(4- methoxyphenyl)-(R)1-methylethylamine to give diastereomeric mixtures of intermediates, which were separated by column chromatography and converted to the optically pure formoterol.

In yet another attempt, racemic formoterol was subjected to separation by using a chiral compound [International publication WO 1995/018094].

WO 98/21175 discloses a process for preparing optically pure formoterol using optically pure intermediates (R)-N-benzyl-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl amine and (R)-4- benzyloxy-3-formamidostyrene oxide.

Preparation of optically pure formoterol is also disclosed in IE 000138 and GB2380996.

Example 7

Preparation of Arformoterol

4-benzyloxy-3-formylamino-α-[N-benzyl-N-(1-methyl-2-p- methoxyphenylethyl)aminomethyl]benzyl alcohol (120gms, 0.23M), 10% Pd/C (12 gms) and denatured spirit (0.6 lit) were introduced in an autoclave. The reaction mass was hydrogenated by applying 4 kg hydrogen pressure at 25-300C for 3 hrs. The catalyst was removed by filtration and the, clear filtrate concentrated under reduced pressure below 400C to yield the title compound. (63 gms, 80%).

Example 8

Preparation of Arformoterol Tartrate

Arformoterol base (60 gms, 0.17M), 480 ml IPA , 120 ml toluene and a solution of l_(+)- tartaric acid (25.6 gms, 0.17M) in 60 ml distilled water were stirred at 25-300C for 2 hrs and further at 40°- 45°C for 3 hrs. The reaction mass was cooled to 25-300C and further chilled to 200C for 30 mins. The solid obtained was isolated by filtration to yield the title compound. (60 gms, 70%),

The tartrate salt was dissolved in hot 50% IPA-water (0.3 lit), cooled as before and filtered to provide arformoterol tartrate. (30 gms, 50 % w/w). having enantiomeric purity greater than 99%.

 PAPER
Organic Process Research & Development 2000, 4, 567-570
 Modulation of Catalyst Reactivity for the Chemoselective Hydrogenation of a Functionalized Nitroarene: Preparation of a Key Intermediate in the Synthesis of (R,R)-Formoterol Tartrate………..http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op000287k

Modulation of Catalyst Reactivity for the Chemoselective Hydrogenation of a Functionalized Nitroarene:  Preparation of a Key Intermediate in the Synthesis of (R,R)-Formoterol Tartrate

Chemical Research and Development, Sepracor Inc., 111 Locke Drive, Marlborough, Massachusetts 01752, U.S.A.
Org. Proc. Res. Dev., 2000, 4 (6), pp 567–570
DOI: 10.1021/op000287k
In the synthesis of the β2-adrenoceptor agonist (R,R)-formterol, a key step in the synthesis was the development of a highly chemoselective reduction of (1R)-2-bromo-1-[3-nitro-4-(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]ethan-1-ol to give (1R)-1-[3-amino-4-(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]-2-bromoethan-1-ol. The aniline product was isolated as the corresponding formamide. The reaction required reduction of the nitro moiety in the presence of a phenyl benzyl ether, a secondary benzylic hydroxyl group, and a primary bromide, and with no racemization at the stereogenic carbinol carbon atom. The development of a synthetic methodology using heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation to perform the required reduction was successful when a sulfur-based poison was added. The chemistry of sulfur-based poisons to temper the reacitivty of catalyst was studied in depth. The data show that the type of hydrogenation catalyst, the oxidation state of the poison, and the substituents on the sulfur atom had a dramatic effect on the chemoselectivity of the reaction. Dimethyl sulfide was the poison of choice, possessing all of the required characteristics for providing a highly chemoselective and high yielding reaction. The practicality and robustness of the process was demonstrated by preparing the final formamide product with high chemoselectivity, chemical yield, and product purity on a multi-kilogram scale.
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 PAPER

Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 11 (2000) 2705±2717
An ecient enantioselective synthesis of (R,R)-formoterol, a potent bronchodilator, using lipases
Francisco Campos, M. Pilar Bosch and Angel Guerrero*
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 formoterol (R,R)-1 as amorphous solid. Rf: 0.27 (SiO2, AcOEt:MeOH, 1:1).‰Š20D=-41.5 (CHCl3, c 0.53).
IR, : 3383, 2967, 2923, 1674, 1668, 1610, 1514, 1442, 1247, 1033,815 cm^1.
1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3), : 8.11 (b, 1H), 7.46 (b, 1H), 6.99 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.9±6.7 (c, 4H), 4.46 (m, 1H), 4.34 (b, 3H interchangeable), 3.74 (s, 3H), 2.90±2.45 (c, 5H), 1.02 (d,J=5.7 Hz, 3H) ppm.
13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3), : 160.2, 158.3, 147.7, 133.4, 130.6, 130.2 (2C),125.7, 123.7, 119.5, 117.8, 114.0 (2C), 71.3, 55.3, 54.7, 53.6, 42.0, 19.4 ppm.
CI (positive, LC-MS)(m/z, %) 435 (M+1, 100).
The tartrate salt was prepared by dissolving 13.8 mg (0.04 mmol) of(R,R)-1 and 6.0 mg (0.04 mmol) of (l)-(+)-tartaric acid in 150 mL of 85% aqueous isopropanol.
The solution was left standing overnight and the resulting crystalline solid (7.6 mg) puri®ed on areverse-phase column (1 g, Isolute SPE C18) using mixtures of MeOH±H2O as eluent. The solventwas removed under vacuum and the aqueous solution lyophilized (^35C, 0.6 bar) overnight. The(l)-(+)-tartrate salt of (R,R)-1 showed an ‰Š20D=-29.4 (H2O, c 0.61) (>99% ee based on the
reported value 34). 34=Hett, R.; Senanayake, C. H.; Wald, S. A. Tetrahedron Lett. 1998, 39, 1705.
PAPER

Diethylanilineborane:  A Practical, Safe, and Consistent-Quality Borane Source for the Large-Scale Enantioselective Reduction of a Ketone Intermediate in the Synthesis of (R,R)-Formoterol

Chemical Research and Development, Sepracor Incorporated, 111 Locke Drive, Marlborough, Massachusetts 01752, U.S.A.
Org. Proc. Res. Dev., 2002, 6 (2), pp 146–148
DOI: 10.1021/op015504b

Abstract

Abstract Image

The development of a process for the use of N,N-diethylaniline−borane (DEANB) as a borane source for the enantioselective preparation of a key intermediate in the synthesis of (R,R)-formoterol l-tartrate, bromohydrin 2, from ketone 3 on kilogram scale is described. DEANB was found to be a more practical, safer, and higher-quality reagent when compared to other more conventional borane sources:  borane−THF and borane−DMS.

PAPER

http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8917/1/IJCB%2044B(1)%20167-169.pdf

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PAPER

http://www.bioorg.org/down/Hetetorcycles_07_2243.pdf?ckattempt=1

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PAPER

Drugs R D. 2004;5(1):25-7.

Arformoterol: (R,R)-eformoterol, (R,R)-formoterol, arformoterol tartrate, eformoterol-sepracor, formoterol-sepracor, R,R-eformoterol, R,R-formoterol.

Abstract

Sepracor in the US is developing arformoterol [R,R-formoterol], a single isomer form of the beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist formoterol [eformoterol]. This isomer contains two chiral centres and is being developed as an inhaled preparation for the treatment of respiratory disorders. Sepracor believes that arformoterol has the potential to be a once-daily therapy with a rapid onset of action and a duration of effect exceeding 12 hours. In 1995, Sepracor acquired New England Pharmaceuticals, a manufacturer of metered-dose and dry powder inhalers, for the purpose of preparing formulations of levosalbutamol and arformoterol. Phase II dose-ranging clinical studies of arformoterol as a longer-acting, complementary bronchodilator were completed successfully in the fourth quarter of 2000. Phase III trials of arformoterol began in September 2001. The indications for the drug appeared to be asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, an update of the pharmaceutical product information on the Sepracor website in September 2003 listed COPD maintenance therapy as the only indication for arformoterol. In October 2002, Sepracor stated that two pivotal phase III studies were ongoing in 1600 patients. Sepracor estimates that its NDA submission for arformoterol, which is projected for the first half of 2004, will include approximately 3000 adult subjects. Sepracor stated in July 2003 that it had completed more than 100 preclinical studies and initiated or completed 15 clinical studies for arformoterol inhalation solution for the treatment of bronchospasm in patients with COPD. In addition, Sepracor stated that the two pivotal phase III studies in 1600 patients were still progressing. In 1995, European patents were granted to Sepracor for the use of arformoterol in the treatment of asthma, and the US patent application was pending.

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PAPER

doi:10.1016/j.cclet.2008.01.012

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1001841708000132

Volume 19, Issue 3, March 2008, Pages 279–280

New method in synthesizing an optical active intermediate for (R,R)-formoterol

  • Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting Education Ministry, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China\

Abstract

(R)-1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)propan-2-amine 2a, an optical active intermediate for (R,R)-formoterol, was synthesized from d-alanine in 65% overall yield by using a simple route, which contained protecting amino group, cyclization, coupling with Grignard reagent, reduction and deprotection.

References

Muller, P., et al.: Arzneimittel-Forsch., 33, 1685 (1983); Wallmark, B., et al.: Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 778, 549 (1984); Morii, M., et al.: J. Biol. chem., 268, 21553 (1993); Ritter, M., et al.: Br. J. Pharmacol., 124, 627 (1998); Stenhoff, H., et al.: J. Chromatogr., 734, 191 (1999), Johnson, D.A., et al.: Expert Opin. Pharmacother., 4, 253 (2003); Bouyssou, T., et al.: Bio. Med. Chem. Lett. 20, 1410, (2010);

External links

EP0390762A1 * 23 Mar 1990 3 Oct 1990 Aktiebolaget Draco New bronchospasmolytic compounds and process for their preparation
EP0938467A1 7 Nov 1997 1 Sep 1999 Sepracor, Inc. Process for the preparation of optically pure isomers of formoterol
EP1082293A2 20 May 1999 14 Mar 2001 Sepracor Inc. Formoterol polymorphs
WO2009147383A1 2 Jun 2009 10 Dec 2009 Cipla Limited Process for the synthesis of arformoterol
Reference
1 * HETT R ET AL: “Enantio- and Diastereoselective Synthesis of all Four Stereoisomers of Formoterol” TETRAHEDRON LETTERS, ELSEVIER, AMSTERDAM, NL LNKD- DOI:10.1016/S0040-4039(97)00088-9, vol. 38, no. 7, 17 February 1997 (1997-02-17), pages 1125-1128, XP004034214 ISSN: 0040-4039
2 * LING HUANG ET AL.: “The Asymmetric Synthesis of (R,R)-Formoterol via Transfer Hydrogenation with Polyethylene Glycol Bound Rh Catalyst in PEG2000 and Water” CHIRALITY, vol. 22, 30 April 2009 (2009-04-30), pages 206-211, XP002592699
3 MURASE ET AL. CHEM. PHARM. BULL. vol. 26, no. 4, 1978, pages 1123 – 1129
4 TROFAST ET AL. CHIRALITY vol. 1, 1991, page 443
5 * TROFAST J ET AL: “STERIC ASPECTS OF AGONISM AND ANTAGONISM AT BETA-ADRENICEPTORS: SYNTHESIS OF AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EXPERIMENTS WITH THE ENANTIOMERS OF FORMOTEROL AND THEIR DIASTEREOMERS” CHIRALITY, WILEY-LISS, NEW YORK, US LNKD- DOI:10.1002/CHIR.530030606, vol. 3, no. 6, 1 January 1991 (1991-01-01) , pages 443-450, XP002057060 ISSN: 0899-0042
6 WILKINSON, H.S ET AL. ORGANIC PROCESS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT vol. 6, 2002, pages 146 – 148

Durham E-Theses A Solid-state NMR Study of Formoterol Fumarate

Arformoterol
Arformoterol.svg
Arformoterol ball-and-stick model.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[2-hydroxy-5-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(2R)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl) propan-2-yl]amino]ethyl] phenyl]formamide
Clinical data
Trade names Brovana
AHFS/Drugs.com Monograph
MedlinePlus a602023
License data
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Routes of
administration
Inhalation solution fornebuliser
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding 52–65%
Biological half-life 26 hours
Identifiers
CAS Number 67346-49-0 Yes
ATC code none
PubChem CID 3083544
IUPHAR/BPS 7479
DrugBank DB01274 Yes
ChemSpider 2340731 Yes
UNII F91H02EBWT Yes
ChEBI CHEBI:408174 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL1201137 
Chemical data
Formula C19H24N2O4
Molar mass 344.405 g/mol

 

Formoterol

Formoterol

CAS Registry Number: 73573-87-2
CAS Name: relN-[2-Hydroxy-5-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(1R)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]formamide
Additional Names: 3-formylamino-4-hydroxy-a-[N-[1-methyl-2-(p-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]aminomethyl]benzyl alcohol; (±)-2¢-hydroxy-5¢-[(RS)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(RS)-p-methoxy-a-methylphenethyl]amino]ethyl]formanilide
Molecular Formula: C19H24N2O4
Molecular Weight: 344.40
Percent Composition: C 66.26%, H 7.02%, N 8.13%, O 18.58%
Literature References: Selective b2-adrenergic receptor agonist. Mixture of R,R (-) and S,S (+) enantiomers. Prepn: M. Murakamiet al., DE 2305092; eidem, US 3994974 (1973, 1976 both to Yamanouchi); K. Murase et al., Chem. Pharm. Bull. 25, 1368 (1977). Absolute configuration and activity of isomers: eidem, ibid. 26, 1123 (1978). Toxicity studies: T. Yoshida et al., Pharmacometrics26, 811 (1983). HPLC determn in plasma: J. Campestrini et al., J. Chromatogr. B 704, 221 (1997). Review of pharmacology: G. P. Anderson, Life Sci. 52, 2145-2160 (1993); and clinical efficacy: R. A. Bartow, R. N. Brogden, Drugs 55, 303-322 (1998).
Derivative Type: Fumarate dihydrate
CAS Registry Number: 43229-80-7
Manufacturers’ Codes: BD-40A
Trademarks: Atock (Yamanouchi); Foradil (Novartis); Oxeze (AstraZeneca)
Molecular Formula: (C19H24N2O4)2.C4H4O4.2H2O
Molecular Weight: 840.91
Percent Composition: C 59.99%, H 6.71%, N 6.66%, O 26.64%
Properties: Crystals from 95% isopropyl alcohol, mp 138-140°. pKa1 7.9; pKa2 9.2. Log P (octanol/water): 0.4 (pH 7.4). Freely sol in glacial acetic acid; sol in methanol; sparingly sol in ethanol, isopropanol; slightly sol in water. Practically insol in acetone, ethyl acetate, diethyl ether. LD50 in male, female, rats, mice (mg/kg): 3130, 5580, 6700, 8310 orally; 98, 100, 72, 71 i.v.; 1000, 1100, 640, 670 s.c.; 170, 210, 240, 210 i.p. (Yoshida).
Melting point: mp 138-140°
pKa: pKa1 7.9; pKa2 9.2
Log P: Log P (octanol/water): 0.4 (pH 7.4)
Toxicity data: LD50 in male, female, rats, mice (mg/kg): 3130, 5580, 6700, 8310 orally; 98, 100, 72, 71 i.v.; 1000, 1100, 640, 670 s.c.; 170, 210, 240, 210 i.p. (Yoshida)
Derivative Type: R,R-Form
CAS Registry Number: 67346-49-0
Additional Names: Arformoterol
Derivative Type: R,R-Form L-tartrate
CAS Registry Number: 200815-49-2
Additional Names: Arformoterol tartrate
Molecular Formula: C19H24N2O4.C4H6O6
Molecular Weight: 494.49
Percent Composition: C 55.86%, H 6.12%, N 5.67%, O 32.36%
Literature References: Prepn: Y. Gao et al., WO 9821175; eidem, US 6040344 (1998, 2000 both to Sepracor). Pharmacology: D. A. Handley et al., Pulm. Pharmacol. Ther. 15, 135 (2002).
Properties: Off-white powder, mp 184°.
Melting point: mp 184°
Therap-Cat: Antiasthmatic.
Keywords: ?Adrenergic Agonist; Bronchodilator; Ephedrine Derivatives.

//////Arformoterol, (R,R)-Formoterol, (R,R)-Formoterol-L-(+)-tartrate, 200815-49-2, Arformoterol tartrate , Brovana, UNII:5P8VJ2I235, Sepracor, Asthma Therapy, Bronchodilators, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases, COPD ,  RESPIRATORY DRUGS, beta2-Adrenoceptor Agonists, Phase III, 2007, Sunovion

COC1=CC=C(C[C@@H](C)NC[C@H](O)C2=CC(NC=O)=C(O)C=C2)C=C1

PNQ 103 from Advinus for the potential treatment of COPD,; sickle cell disease (SCD)


 

 

 

Formula I  and Formula II

OR

PNQ 103

STRUCTURE COMING…………

for the potential treatment of COPD & sickle cell disease (SCD)

Adenosine A2b receptor antagonist

Advinus Therapeutics Ltd

KEEP WATCHING THIS POST……….

PNQ-103 is a proprietary A2B Adenosine receptor (A2BAdoR antagonist), currently in the pre-clinical development stage for the potential treatment of COPD & sickle cell disease (SCD). Advinus is looking for partnering/co-development opportunities.

A2BAdenosine Receptor (A2BAdoR) Antagonist PNQ-103 for COPD and SCD

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a disease that damages lung tissue or restricts airflow through the bronchioles and bronchi, and commonly leads to chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD, along with asthma, forms the third leading cause of death in both developed and developing countries and an annual direct and indirect cost of healthcare of more than $50 billion in the US alone. Current therapies suffer from lack of long term efficacy, patient compliance and a narrow therapeutic index.

Adenosine is a powerful bronchoconstrictor and pro-inflammatory agent in COPD and asthma. Adenosine regulates tissue function by activating its receptors: A1AdoR and A2AAdoR are high affinity receptors and A2BAdoR and A3AdoR are low affinity receptors. During pathological conditions in lung, local adenosine concentrations rise to high levels and activate A2BAdoR. A2BAdoR agonized by adenosine induces both bronchoconstriction and pro-inflammatory effects in lung by acting on multiple cell types that lead to airway hyperreactivity and chronic inflammation. Therefore, A2BAdoR antagonists are expected to be beneficial in COPD and asthma.

PNQ-103 is a proprietary A2BAdoR antagonist, currently in the pre-clinical development stage for the potential treatment of COPD.  It is a potent, selective, orally bio-available agent with low clearance and small volume of distribution. PNQ-103 is efficacious in standard rodent asthma and lung fibrosis models. PNQ-103 was found to be safe in exploratory safety studies including a Drug Matrix Screen, mini-AMES test, and a test for cardiovascular liability in dog telemetry as well as a 30- day repeat dose study in rats.

SCD

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) affects millions of people worldwide. It is caused by an autosomal mutation in the hemoglobin gene (substitution of amino-acid valine [Hb A] for glutamic acid [Hb S]. Hb S in low O2 condition polymerizes, leading to distortion of the cell membrane of red blood cells (RBC) into an elongated sickle shape. Sickled RBCs accumulate in capillaries causing occlusions, impair circulation and cause tissue damage and severe disabilities. Unfortunately, there is no targeted therapy for SCD.

Adenosine levels are elevated in SCD patients. Activation of the A2BAdoR by adenosine increases 2,3-DPG levels in RBCs, which reduces Hb S affinity to O2 and promotes its polymerization leading to RBC sickling. A recent study published in Nature Medicine (2011; 17:79-86) demonstrated potential utility of an A2BAdoR antagonist for the treatment of SCD, through selective inhibition of 2,3-DPG production in RBCs.  Therefore, PNQ-103, a selective A2BAdoR antagonist, is expected to be useful for the treatment of SCD.  In support, ex vivo PoC (selective inhibition of 2,3-DPG production) has been established for PNQ-103 in RBCs from normal and SCD patients.

 

EXAMPLES………

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2012035548

Example 1: Phosphoric acid mono-{2-cyano-6-oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyraz -4-yl]-l,6-dihydr»-purin-7-ylmethyl} ester

Step I: Synthesis of l-(3-Trifiuoroirethyl-ben:ijl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (6-amino-2,4-dioxo-3-propyl-l,2,354-tetrahydro-pyrimidin-5-yl)-amide

A mixture of 5,6-diamino-3-propyl-l H-pyrimidine-2,4-dione (4.25 g, 0.023 mol), l-(3-Trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (6.23 g, 0.023 mol), prepared by conventional methods starting from pyrazole-4-carboxylic ester, in methanol (50 ml) were cooled to 0 °C and added EDCI.HC1 (8.82 g, 0.046 mol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 6 h and the organic volatiles were evaporated. To this residue water (50 ml) was added and the precipitate was filtered off, and washed with cold water (50 ml) to obtain l-(3-Trifluoromethyl-benzyl)- 1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (6-amino-2,4-dioxo-3-propyl-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro-pyrimidin-5-yl)-amide (7.2 g, 72 %) as a pale yellow solid.

‘HNMR(400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.82 (t, J=7.6Hz, 3H); 1.46-1.51 (m, 2H); 3.64 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.49 (s, 2H); 6.01 (s, 2H); 7.55-7.63 (m, 2H); 7.68-7.72 (m, 2H); 7.99 (s, 1H); 8.37 (s, 1H); 8.55 (s, 1H); 10.42 (s, 1H).

Step II: Preparation of l-Propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazoI-4-yl]-3,7-dihydro-purine-2,6-dione

A mixture of l-(3-Trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (6-amino-2,4-dioxo-3-propyl-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro-pyrimidin-5-yl)-amide (30 g, 0.068 mol), P205(34.0g, 0.240.8 mol) and DMF (300ml) were heated at 100 °C for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was cooled to 20-25 °C. The reaction mixture was slowly poured into water (1.5 L) with vigorous stirring. Solid material separated was filtered off, and washed with water (200ml) to obtain 1 -Propyl-8-[l -(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-l H-pyrazol-4-yl]-3,7-dihydro-purine-2,6-dione (25 g, 88 %) as a pale yellow solid.

‘HNMR(400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.87 (t, J=7.2Hz, 3H); 1.53-1.60 (m, 2H); 3.98 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.53 (s, 2H); 7.57-7.64 (m, 2H); 7.69-7.71 (m, 2H); 8.08 (s, 1H); 8.47 (s, 1H); 1 1.83 (s, 1H); 13.39 (s, 1H)

Step III: Preparation of 2-ChIoro-l-propyI-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyI-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,7-dihydro-purin-6-one

A mixture of l-Propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-3,7-dihydro-purine-2,6-dione (7.2 g, 0.017 mol), NH4C1 (4.54 g, 0.085 mol) and POCl3 (220 ml) were heated at 120-125 °C for 72 h. Reaction mixture was cooled to 20-25 °C. It was then concentrated under vacuum and quenched with cold water slowly and solid material was separated. It was filtered off and washed with water. The solid material was dried under vacuum. The crude product was purified by column chromatography using silica gel (230-400 mesh) and 0.5 to 4 % methanol in chloroform as an eluent to obtain 2-Chloro-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,7-dihydro-purin-6-one (4.2 g, 58 %) as a pale yellow solid.

‘HNMR(400MHz, CD3OD): 6 1.02 (t, J=7.2Hz, 3H); 1.78-1.84 (m, 2H); 4.29 (t, J=7.6Hz,

2H); 5.52 (s, 2H); 7.56-7.57 (m, 2H); 7.63 (m, 2H); 8.12 (s, 1H); 8.35 (s, 1 H)

Step IV: Preparation of 6-Oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-6,7-dihydro-lH-purine-2-carbonitrile

A mixture of 2-Chloro-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-l H-pyrazol-4-yl]-l ,7-dihydro-purin-6-one (O. lg, 0.23 mmol), NaCN (0.016 g, 0.35 mmol), Nal (0.069g, 0.46 mmol) and DMF (2 ml) were stirred for 48 h at 65-70 °C. Reaction mixture was cooled to 20-25 °C and water was added. Solid material was separated. It was filtered off and washed with water. The product was dried under vacuum to obtain 6-Oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-

trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-6,7-dihydro-lH-puriiAe-2-carbonitrile (0.075 g, 77 %) as an off white solid.

‘HNMR(400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.97 (t, J=7.6Hz, 3H); 1.71-1.77 (m, 2H); 4.12 (t, J=7.6Hz, 2H); 5.51 (s, 2H); 7.57-7.67 (m, 4H); 8.14 (s, 1H); 8.55 (s, 1H); 14.01 (bs, 1H)

Preparation of hosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester chloromethyl ester:

Step I: Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester

A mixture of di-tert-butylphosphite (5 g, 0.026 mol), NaHC03 (3.71 g, 0.044 mol) and water (50 ml) were taken and cooled to 0-(-5 , °C. KMn04 (6.18 g, 0.039 mol) was added to the reaction mixture in portion wise over ¾ period of 30 minutes at that temperature. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to 20-25 °C ana stirred for 1.5 hours at that temperature. To this reaction mixture activated charcoal (25 g) was added and stirred at 55-60 °C for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and filtered off and washed with water (200 ml). The filtrate was concentrated to half of its volume and cooled to 0 °C. It was then acidified with con. HC1 (pH~l-2) to obtain solid. The solid material was filtered off, washed with ice cold water and dried under vacuum to obtain Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester as white solid (3.44 g, 63 %).

Step II. Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester chloromethyl ester

A mixture of Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester (1 g, 0.0048 mol), NaHC03 (0.806 g, 0.0096 mol), tetra butyl ammonium hydrogen sulphate (0.163 g, 0.00048 mol), water (40 ml) and DCM (25 ml) were taken. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C and stirred at that temperature for 20 minutes. Chloromethyl chlorosulphatc (0.943g, 0.0057 mol) in DCM (15 ml) was added to it at 0 °C. The reaction mixture allc ed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 18 hours. The organic layer was separated and aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (30 ml). The organic layer was washed with brine (60 ml) solution and dried over Na2SC>4. The organic layer was evaporated to obtain Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester chloromethyl ester as colorless oil (0.79 g, 64%).

Step I: Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester 2-cyano-6-oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,6-dihydro-purin-7-ylmethyl ester

A mixture of 6-Oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-6,7-dihydro-lH-purine-2-carbonitrile (0.5 g, 0.0012mol), K2C03 (0.485 g, 0.0036 mol ) and acetone ( 10 ml) were taken and stirred for 20 minutes at room temperature. Nal (0.702 g, 0.0047 mol) was added and then Phosphoric acid di-ten-butyl ester chloromethyl ester (0.619 g, 0.0024 mol in 2 ml acetone) was added to the reaction mixture drop wise. The reaction mixture was heated at 45 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite and washed with acetone. The organic layer was concentrated and the residue was taken in ethyl acetate (30 ml) and saturated NaHC03 solution (20 ml). The organic layer was separated and washed with saturated sodium thiosulphate solution (20 ml). The organic layer was washed with 0.5 N HC1 solution (20 ml) and brine solution (20 ml). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and evaporated to obtain brown colored mass. The crude product, which is a mixture of N7 and N9 isomers was purified by column chromatography (230-400 mesh silica gel and it was first treated with 5% triethyl amine in hexane) using 5-20 % acetone in hexane (with 0.5 to 1% triethyl amine) as an eluent to obtain N7 isomer (0.34g, 45 % ) and N9 isomer ( 0.1 lg, 14 % )

Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester 2-cyano-6-oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,6-dihydro-purin-7-ylmethyl ester (N7-isomer).

Ή NMR (400MHz, DMSO d6):6 0.95 (t J=8Hz, 3H); 125 (s, 18 H); 1.75-1.80 (m, 2H); 4.18 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.58 (s, 2H); 6.34 (d,
2H); 7.61-7.63 (m, 2H); 7.70-7.73 (m, 2H); 8.19 (s, 1H); 8.75 (s, 1H)

Phosphoric acid di-tert-butyl ester 2-cyano-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyI-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-oxo-l-propyl-l,6-dihydro-purin-9-ylmethyl ester (N9-isomer)

Ή NMR (400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.94 (t, J=8Hz, 3H); 125 (s, 18 H); 1.74-1.78 (m, 2H); 4.21 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.59 (s, 2H); 6.05 (d, J=10.8Hz, 2H); 7.62-7.63 (m, 2H); 7.69-7.71 (m, 2H); 8.16 (s, 1H); 8.71 (s, 1H)

Step II: Phosphoric acid mono-{2-cyano-6-oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,6-dihydro-purin-7-ylmethyl} ester (N7-isomer).

The above product, N7 isomer (0.34 g, 0.52 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (20 ml) and TFA (0.29 ml, 4.2 mmol) was added to it. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 7 hours. The organic volatiles were evaporated and the residue was stirred with pentane: diethyl ether (3:1, 10 ml) and the solid material obtained was filtered off and washed with 10 % diethyl ether in pentane (10 ml) to obtain Phosphoric acid mono- {2-cyano-6-oxo-l -propyls’ [ 1 -(3 -trifluoromethyl-benzyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]- 1 ,6-dihydro-purin-7-ylmethyl } ester (0.239g, 85 %) as an off white solid.

(400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.96 (t, J=7.6Hz, 3H); 1.75-1.81 (m, 2H); 4.16 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.58 (s, 2H); 6.23 (d, J=6Hz, 2H); 7.61-7.63 (m, 2H); 7.69-7.75 (m, 2H); 8.22 (s, 1 H); 8.80 (s, 1H); (M+1): 538.2

Phosphoric acid mono-{2-cyano-6-oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,6-dihydro-purin-9-ylmethyl} ester (N9-isomer, 28%)

(400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.93 (t, J=7.6Hz, 3H); 1.72-1.80 (m, 2H); 4.16 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.54 (s, 2H); 5.95 (d, J=6Hz, 2H); 7.59-7.60 (m, 2H); 7.67-7.73 (m, 2H); 8.17 (s, 1H); 8.72 (s, 1H).

Step III: Phosphoric acid mon -{2-cyano-6-oxo-l-propyl-8-[l-(3-trifluoromethyl-benzyI)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-l,6-dihydro-purin-7-yimethyl} ester di sodium salt

The above product (0.239g, 0.44 mmol) and water (25 ml) were taken. To the suspension formed, NaHC03 solution (0.1 12g, 1.3 mmol in 20 ml water) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 h and the solid material obtained was filtered off. The clear solution was passed through reverse phase column chromatography (LCMS). The fraction obtained was evaporated. It was lyophilized to obtain pure Phosphoric acid mono-{2-cyano-6-oxo- 1 -propyl-8-[ 1 -(3 -trifluoromethyl-benzyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]- 1 ,6-dihydro-purin-7-ylmethyl} ester di sodium salt (0.208g; 80%) as an off white solid.

Ή NMR: (400MHz, D20): δ 0.97 (t, J=7.6Hz, 3H); 1.80-1.86 (m, 2H); 4.28 (t, J=7.6Hz, 2H); 5.53 (s, 2H); 6.04 (d, J=3.2Hz, 2H); 7.52-7.53 (m, 2H); 7.62-7.64 (m, 2H); 8.22 (s, 1H); 8.74 (s, 1H)

31P NMR: (400MHz, D20): δ 0.447

EXAMPLES…………..

Patent

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2009118759

Example Al: 1, 3-Dipropyl-8-[l-(3-p-tolyl-prop-2ynyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yI]-3, 7-dihydro-purine-2, 6-dione

Step I: l-(3-p-ToIyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester

A mixture of l-prop-2-ynyl-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester obtained as given in example Bl (0.20Og, l.lmmol), 4-iodo toluene (0.254g, 1.1 mol), copper iodide (0.021g, O.l lmmol), dichlorobis (triphenylphosphine)-palladium (II) (39mg, O.Oόmmol), triethylamine (2ml), DMF (2ml) was degassed for lOmin. and stirred for 20hrs at 25-25 0C. Reaction mixture was diluted with water (10ml) and extracted with

• ethyl acetate. Organic layer was washed with brine solution and dried over Na2SO4.

The solvent was evaporated and crude product was purified by column chromatography

(Ethyl acetate: hexane-12:78) to obtain pure l-(3-p-tolyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4- carboxylic acid ethyl ester compound (0.226g, 75%). 1HNMR^OOMHZ, CDCl3): δ 1.35 (t, J=6.8Hz, 3H); 2.37 (s, 3H); 4.31 (q, J=6.8Hz, 2H); 5.18 (s, 2H); 7.16 (d, J=7.6Hz, 2H); 7.38 (d, J=8Hz, 2H); 7.95 (s, IH); 8.21 (s, IH)

Step II: l-(3-p-Tolyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxy!ic acid l-(3-p-Tolyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (0.226g, 0.84 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of solvents THF: methanol: water (3:1:1, 10ml) and LiOH (0.07 Ig, 1.7mol) was added to the reaction mixture with stirring. The reaction mixture was then stirred at 20-25 0C for 2 hours. Solvents were evaporated and the residue was diluted with water (0.5 ml) and acidified with dil. HCl, filtered and dried to obtain off white precipitate, l-(3-p-Tolyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (0.182g, 90%).

1HNMR^OOMHZ, CDCl3): δ 2.37 (s, 3H); 5.2 (s, 2H); 7.16 (d, J=7.6Hz, 2H); 7.38 (d, J=8Hz, 2H); 8.01 (s, IH); 8.29 (s, IH) Step III: 1, 3-Dipropyl-8-[l-(3-p-tolyl-prop-2ynyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yI]-3, 7-dihydro- purine-2, 6-dione

A mixture of 5,6-diamino-l,3-dipropyl-lH-pyrimidine-2,4-dione (0.075g, 0.33 mmol), l-(3-p-tolyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (0.080gm, 0.33mmol), methanol (5ml), EDCI (0.089g, 0.46mmol) were taken and stirred for 12 hours at 20-25 0C. The reaction mixture was concentrated to obtain intermediate l-(3-p-tolyl-prop-2-ynyl)-lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (6-amino-2, 4-dioxo-l, 3-dipropyl)-l, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydro-pyrimidine-5yl) amide (50mg, 34%) which was dissolved in hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS). To this reaction mixture ammonium sulphate (0.01 Og) was added. The reaction mixture was refluxed at 140 0C for 18hrs. The organic volatiles were evaporated and the residue was treated with crushed ice, the precipitate formed was filtered off. The product was then purified by column chromatography (l%MeOH in CHCl3) to obtain 1, 3-dipropyl-8~[l-(3-p-tolyl-prop-2ynyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-3, 7-dihydro-purine-2, 6-dione (0.035g, 92%). ‘HNMR(400MHz, DMSO d6): δ 0.76-0.87 (m, 6H); 1.51-1.57 (m, 2H); 1.68-1.74 (m, 2H); 2.29 (s, 3H); 3.82 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 3.95 (t, J=7.2Hz, 2H); 5.36 (s, 2H); 7.18 (d, J=8Hz, 2H); 7.35 (d. J=8Hz, 2H); 8.08 (s, IH); 8.49 (s, IH); 13.9 (bs,lH)

Happy new year wishes 2016

Happy New Year from Google!

Happy New Year from Google!

 

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GSK 2256294


Figure imgf000077_0001

GSK 2256294

GSK 2256294A

CAS  1142090-23-0

MF C21H24F3N7O
MW 447.46

Antiasthmatics, soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD …PHASE 1

(1R,3S)- Cyclohexanecarboxamide, N-[[4-cyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl]-3-[[4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-,

cis-N-[[4-Cyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl]-3-[[4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]cyclohexanecarboxamide

(1R,3S)-N-(4-cyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-3-(4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)cyclohexanecarboxamide

cis-N-((4-Cyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methyl)-3-((4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Cyclohexanecarboxamide, N-((4-cyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methyl)-3-((4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino)-, (1R,3S)-rel-

  • Originator GlaxoSmithKline
  • Class Antiasthmatics
  • Mechanism of Action Epoxide hydrolase inhibitors

GSK 2256294 is a soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor in phase I clinical trials at GlaxoSmithKline for the oral treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

GSK2256294A is a potent, reversible, tight binding inhibitor of isolated recombinant human sEH (IC50 value 27 pM), and displays potent inhibition against the rat (IC50 = 61 pM) and murine (IC50 = 189 pM) orthologs of sEH. GSK2256294A also displays potent cellular inhibition (IC50 = 0.66 nM) of sEH in a cell line transfected with the human sEH enzyme.The selectivity of the compound has been demonstrated by testing against a large panel of enzymes, receptors and ion channels, including the phosphatase activity of EPHX2.

  • 01 Jan 2015GlaxoSmithKline initiates enrolment in a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (NCT02262689)
  • 09 Oct 2014GlaxoSmithKline plans a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (NCT02262689)
  • 01 May 2014GlaxoSmithKline completes a phase I pharmacokinetics trial for Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (in the elderly, in volunteers) in USA (NCT02006537)

 

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2009049157A1?cl=en

Step 1:

4- (bromomethyl) -3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile

 

Figure CN101896065BD00313

 A mixture of 4-methyl-3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile (10g, 54mmOl) was dissolved in 200mL of carbon tetrachloride, and acid imide with N- desert shot glass (10.5g, 59mmol) and peroxybenzoate (benzoyl peroxide) (1.3g, 0.54mmol) processing. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux temperature and stirred for one week. SOmL water was then added, and the layers separated. The aqueous layer with methylene chloride (2X50mL) and extracted. The organic layers were washed with water (2X50mL), dried over magnesium sulfate, and concentrated to give 4- (bromomethyl) -3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile (14g, 53mm0l), as a yellow oil which was used without further purification for the subsequent steps.

Step 2:

4- (aminomethyl) -3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile

 

Figure CN101896065BD00314

 4- (bromomethyl) -3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile (14g) was dissolved in 500mL of 5M methanol solution of ammonia, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The solvent was removed in vacuo to give a yellow solid, which was dissolved in IM HCl and extracted with diethyl ether (3X30mL). Then, with IM NaOH and the aqueous layer was adjusted to pH 9-10 and extracted with dichloromethane (3X80mL). Thus obtained 4- (aminomethyl) -3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile (4.7g, 23mm0l, 43%), as a yellow solid. MS (ES) m / e 201 [M + H] + “1H NMR (400MHz, DMS0-D6) δ 8.2 (s, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 8.0 (d, 1H), 3.9 (s, 2H).

Step 1:

4-chloro -N, 6- dimethyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-amine

 

Figure CN101896065BD00411

 Intermediate 13 (500mg, 3.07mmol) was added 25-30% methylamine (300uL, 3.07mmol) in aqueous CH3CN / H20 (15mL) in a solution. The mixture was cooled to (TC, with the pH adjusted to 9_10.pH IMNaOH maintained at 9-10 for 0.5 hours. The reaction progress was monitored by LCMS, the mixture was used in the subsequent step without any treatment.

Intermediate 19

 3 – {[methyl (methyl-amino) triazin-2-yl 4 -1,3,5_ -6-] amino} cyclohexanecarboxylic acid was prepared

 

Figure CN101896065BD00303

 To 2,4-dichloro-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine (2.291g, 13.97mmol) and methylamine (6.98ml, 13.97mmol) was added dropwise IN NaOH, to maintain the pH of 10. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. Subsequently, a solution of 3-amino-cyclohexane – carboxylic acid (2.0g, 13.97mmol), was added dropwise to maintain a pH of 10 INNaOH. The reaction mixture was heated to 70 ° C overnight. Cooling the reaction mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC. MS (ES +): m / e266.2 [M + H] +. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMS0-D6) δ 9.0_8.5 (bm, 2Η), 3.9 (bs, 1Η), 2.9 (m, 2Η), 2.3 (s, 3Η), 2.2 (s, 3Η), 1.9- 1.7 (bm, 4Η), 1.4-1.1 (bm, 4Η).

Step 2:

3 – {[4_-methyl-6- (methylamino) _1,3,5_ triazine _2_ yl] amino} cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

 

Figure CN101896065BD00412

 in (TC, 4-chloro -N, 6- dimethyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-amine mixture (485mg, 3.07mmol) was added 3-amino-cyclohexyl burning acid (527mg, 3.68mmol). The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature .pH maintained between 9 to 10 for 3 hours. The mixture was concentrated and the product was purified by HPLC to afford 0.6g (2.26mmol, 74% yield) of the desired product, as a white solid .MS (ES +): m / e 266.2 [M + H] + “

 

 

Example 74

(cis)-N-{[4-cyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl}-3-{[4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1 ,3,5- triazin-2-yl]amino}cyclohexanecarboxamide

Figure imgf000077_0001

To a solution of 3-{[4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2- yl]amino}cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (0.100 g, 0.264 mmol) in N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) (4 ml) was added 4-(aminomethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile (0.053 g, 0.264 mmol) followed by diisopropylethylamine (0.101 ml, 0.580 mmol) and 1 H-1 ,2,3- benzotriazol-1-yloxy-tris(dirnethylamino)-phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (BOP reagent, 0.128 g, 0.290 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours and then purified by preparative HPLC to provide (cis)-N-{[4-cyano-2- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl}-3-{[4-methyl-6-(methylamino)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2- yl]amino}cyclohexanecarboxamide (83 mg, 0.148 mmol, 56 %). MS (ES) m/e 448

[M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) D 7.8 (bs, 1 H), 7.3 (bs, 1 H), 7.2 (m, 1 H), 6.9 (m, 1 H), 3.8 (bs, 2H), 3.3 (bm, 1 H), 2.2 (bm, 4H), 1.8 – 1.5 (bm, 4H), 1.3 – 1.1 (bm, 4H), 0.8 – 0.5 (bm, 4H)

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/CN101896065B?cl=en

(cis) -N – {[4- cyano-2- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] methyl} -3 – {[4_-methyl-6- (methylamino) _1,3, .5- triazin-2-yl] amino} cyclohexanecarboxamide

Figure CN101896065BC00051

 

Example 74

(cis) -N- {[4- cyano-2- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] methyl} -3- {[4_ methyl _6_ (methylamino) -1,3 , 5-triazin-2-yl] amino} cyclohexanecarboxamide

 

Figure CN101896065BD00571

 To 3 – {[4_-methyl-6- (methylamino) -l, 3,5- triazin-2-yl] amino} cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (0.1OOg,

0.264mmol) in N, N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (4ml) was added 4- (aminomethyl) -3- (trifluoromethyl) benzonitrile (0.053g, 0.264mmol), followed by the addition of diisopropylethylamine (0.1Olml, 0.580mmol) and 1H-1,2,

3- benzotriazol-1-yloxy – tris (dimethylamino) _ scale hexafluorophosphate (Β0Ρ reagent, 0.128g, 0.290mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours, and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford (cis) -N- {[4- cyano-2- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] methyl} -3 – {[4_ methyl-6- (methylamino) -1,3,5_ triazin-2-yl] amino} cyclohexane carboxamide (83mg, 0.148mmol, 56%) “MS (ES) m / e 448 [ M + H] +. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMS0-D6) δ 7.8 (bs, 1H), 7.3 (bs, 1H), 7.2 (m, 1H), 6.9 (m, 1H), 3.8 (bs, 2H) , 3.3 (bm, 1H), 2.2 (bm, 4H),

1.8-1.5 (bm, 4H), 1.3-1.1 (bm, 4H), 0.8-0.5 (bm, 4H).

SMILES  Cc1nc(nc(n1)N[C@H]2CCC[C@H](C2)C(=O)NCc3ccc(cc3C(F)(F)F)C#N)NC

P.L. Podolin et al. In vitro and in vivo characterization of a novel soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2013, 104-105, 25-31.
L.A. Morgan et al. Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibition does not prevent cardiac remodeling and dysfunction after aortic constriction in rats and mice. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. 2013, 61, 291-301. 

GSK 2269557 In Phase 1….Asthma , COPD, is it COMPD A OR B?


COMPD A

 

COMPD B

Compd A OR B IS GSK 2269557

Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (PI3K)
PHASE 1….asthma & COPD
ASHTHMA COPD

DATA FOR COMPD A

6-​(1H-​indol-​4-​yl)​-​4-​[5-​[[4-​(1-​methylethyl)​-​1-​piperazinyl]​methyl]​-​2-​oxazolyl]​-1H-​Indazole,

6-(1 H-lndol-4-yl)-4-(5-{[4-(1-methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1 H- indazole

CAS 1254036-77-5 hcl salt
base 1254036-71-9, 440.54, C26 H28 N6 O
Formula C26H28N6O.HCl

EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

DATA FOR COMPD B
Methanesulfonamide, N-​[5-​[4-​[5-​[[(2R,​6S)​-​2,​6-​dimethyl-​4-​morpholinyl]​methyl]​-​2-​oxazolyl]​-​1H-​indazol-​6-​yl]​-​2-​methoxy-​3-​pyridinyl]​-​,
N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide
1254036-66-2 CAS
C24 H28 N6 O5 S, 512.58
Compound B may be prepared according to known procedures, such as those disclosed in international patent application PCT/EP2010/055666 (publication number WO02010/125082)
EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

Phosphoinositide 3ΌΗ kinases (hereinafter PI3Ks) are a family of signal transducer enzymes which are involved in various cellular functions including cell growth, proliferation and differentiation. A wide variety of retroviruses and DNA-based viruses activate the PI3K pathway as a way of preventing host cell death during viral infection and ultimately exploiting the host cell synthesis machinery for its replication (Virology 344(1) p. 131-8 (2006) by Vogt et al.; and Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 6(4) p. 265-75 (2008) by Buchkovich et al). It has therefore been postulated that PI3K inhibitors may have potential therapeutic benefit in the treatment of viral infections such as influenza virus infection, in addition to the more established treatment of cancer and inflammatory diseases.

The Influenza NS1 protein activates Class la PI3Ks by binding to their regulatory subunit p85beta but not to other Class la regulatory subunits such as p85alpha. The recent crystal structure of the NS1-p85beta complex (Hale et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 107(5) p.1954-1959 (2010)) is also suggestive of an interaction with the p110 kinase subunit providing a mechanism for catalytic activation of the kinase domain. This observation provides a rationale for isoform specificity not only with the p85 regulatory subunit but also potentially with the p110 catalytic subunit too. The function of PI3K during influenza virus infection has also been investigated by, for example, Ehrhardt et al. (Cell. Microbiol. 8(8) p. 1336-1348 (2006)), and the role of PI3K5 signalling in morbidity and lung pathology induced by influenza virus infection has been reported in WO 2010/083163.

There remains a need to provide compounds which are inhibitors of the activity or function of PI3K5 which may be useful in the treatment or prevention of influenza virus infection.

GSK 2269557 is an inhaled phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3Kdelta) inhibitor in early clinical trials at GlaxoSmithKline for the treatment of patients with asthma and also for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients who smoke cigarettes.

  • 18 Nov 2014GlaxoSmithKline plans a phase II trial in Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Russia (NCT02294734)
  • 01 Jun 2014Phase-II clinical trials in Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Germany (Inhalation)
  • 01 May 2014GlaxoSmithKline plans a phase II trial for Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Germany (NCT02130635)
Study ID Status Title Patient Level Data
115117 Completed A single-centre. double-blind, placebo controlled three part study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of single and repeat doses of nebulised GSK2269557 in healthy male subjects
115119 Active not recruiting A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Randomised, Parallel Group Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Multiple Doses of GSK2269557 Administered as a Dry Powder to COPD Patients
116617 Completed A Single-Centre, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Two Part Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Single and Repeat Doses of GSK2269557 as a Dry Powder in Healthy Subjects who Smoke Cigarettes
116678 Not yet recruiting A Randomised, Double-blind (Sponsor Unblinded), Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multicentre Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of GSK2269557 Administered in Addition to Standard of Care in Adult Subjects Diagnosed With an Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

CLICK ON IMAGES TO VIEW SIMILAR ROUTES FOR COMPD A AND B

EO2

EO1A

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EO1B

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COMPD A

WO 2012032065

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012032065A1?cl=en

Example 68

6-(1 H-lndol-4-yl)-4-(5-{[4-(1-methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1 H- indazole

Method A

6-Chloro-4-(5-{[4-(1-methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)- 1/-/-indazole (97 mg, 0.194 mmol), 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1 H- indole (61.3 mg, 0.252 mmol, available from Frontier Scientific Europe), chloro[2′- (dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-(1 ,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4 )- bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (10.87 mg, 0.019 mmol) and potassium phosphate tribasic (124 mg, 0.582 mmol) were dissolved in 1 ,4-dioxane (1 ml) and water (0.1 ml) and heated in a Biotage Initiator microwave at 100°C for 30 min. Additional 4-(4,4,5,5- tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxabotolan-2-yl)-1 H-indole (61.3 mg, 0.252 mmol) and chloro[2′- (dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-(1 ,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4 )- bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (5 mg) were added and the reaction heated at 1 10°C for 30 min, then 140°C for 30 min. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue purified by silica gel chromatography, eluting with 0-25% methanol in dichloromethane. The appropriate fractions were combined and concentrated to give a brown solid which was dissolved in MeOH:DMSO (1 ml, 1 : 1 , v/v) and purified by MDAP (method H). The appropriate fractions were concentrated in vacuo to give the title compound as a white solid (30 mg).

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.57 mins, MH+ 441.

Method B

6-Chloro-4-(5-{[4-(1-methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)- 1 H-indazole (75.17 g, 150 mmol), 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1 H- indole (73.1 g, 301 mmol), sodium bicarbonate (37.9 g, 451 mmol), and chloro[2′- (dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-(1 ,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4 )- bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (8.43 g, 15.03 mmol) were suspended in nitrogen purged 1 ,4-dioxane (1200 ml_) and water (300 ml_). The reaction vessel was placed under alternating vacuum and nitrogen five times with overhead stirring, then finally placed under a nitrogen atmosphere and heated to 120°C for 2.5 h.

The reaction mixture was cooled to 45°C and then treated with 2M aqueous sodium hydroxide (376 ml_, 752 mmol). After stirring at 45°C overnight (~ 13h), the mixture was cooled to RT and DCM (600 ml) and water (400 ml) were added. The layers were separated and the aqueous re-extracted with DCM: 1 ,4-dioxane (1 : 1). Brine was added and the mixture filtered through Celite, washing with DCM: 1 ,4-dioxane (1 : 1). The layers were separated and 2M HCI (1000 ml) added to the organic. The mixture was again filtered through Celite washing with 500 ml 2M HCI keeping the washings separate. The filtrate layers were then separated and the organic layer was washed with the acid washings from the Celite. Layers were separated and the acidic aqueous combined. This was then back-washed with 2×500 ml of DCM; each wash requiring a Celite filtration. The acidic aqueous was then given a final filtration through Celite washing the Celite pad with 150 ml of 2M HCI.

The acidic aqueous was transfered to a beaker (5000 ml) and with vigorous stirring 2M NaOH was added to basify the mixture to pH 10-11. The mixture was then extracted using 1 ,4-dioxane: DCM (1 : 1) (5 x 500 ml). The combined organics were washed with brine, dried over magnesium sulphate, filtered and evaporated to yield a brown foam that was dried in vacuo at 50°C overnight. This material was split into three batches and each was purified by reverse phase column chromatography (3x 1.9 kg C18 column), loading in DMF/TFA (1 : 1 , 30 ml) then eluting with 3-40% MeCN in Water + 0.25% TFA (Note: Columns 2 & 3 used a different gradient starting with 10% MeCN).

Appropriate fractions were combined, the acetotnitrile removed in vacuo and the acidic aqueous basified to pH10 by addition of saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution to the stirred solution. The resultant solid was collected by filtration, washed with water then dried in vacuo at 65°C overnight to give the title compound (28.82 g) as a pale brown foam.

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.68 mins, MH+ 441.

1 H NMR (400MHz ,DMSO-d6) d = 13.41 (br. s., 1 H), 11.35 (br. s., 1 H), 8.59 (br. s., 1 H), 8.07 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.90 (br. s., 1 H), 7.51 – 7.44 (m, 2 H), 7.32 (s, 1 H), 7.27 – 7.21 (m, 2 H), 6.61 – 6.58 (m, 1 H), 3.73 (br. s., 2 H), 2.64 – 2.36 (m, 9 H), 0.97 – 0.90 (m, 6 H)

Method C

Potassium hydroxide (145.6 g) was added to a suspension of 6-(1 H-indol-4-yl)-4-(5-{[4-(1- methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1 H-indazole (300.7 g) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (9.3 g) in tetrahydrofuran (6.0 L) and water (30 ml) stirring under nitrogen at ambient temperature. The mixture was heated at reflux for 17 hours and was then cooled to 20-25°C. Ethyl acetate (3.0 L) and water (3.0 L) were added, stirred for 10 minutes and then separated. The organic layer was extracted with hydrochloric acid (1 M, 1 x 3.0 L, 2 x 1.5L) and the acidic extracts combined and basified to ~pH 8 by the addition of saturated sodium carbonate solution (2.1 L). After ageing for 30 minutes the resultant suspension was filtered, washed with water (300 ml) and the solid dried under vacuum at 65°C to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid (127.9 g).

LCMS (Method B): Rt 2.44 min, MH+ 441.

…………………………………………………………………………

WO 2010125082

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2010125082A1?cl=en

Example 6

6-(1 H-lndol-4-yl)-4-(5-{[4-(1 -methylethyl)-1 -piperazinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1 H- indazole

Method A

6-Chloro-4-(5-{[4-(1-methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)- 1H-indazole (97 mg, 0.194 mmol), 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1 H- indole (61.3 mg, 0.252 mmol, available from Frontier Scientific Europe), chloro[2′- (dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-(1 R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4R)- bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (10.87 mg, 0.019 mmol) and potassium phosphate tribasic (124 mg, 0.582 mmol) were dissolved in 1 ,4-dioxane (1 ml) and water (0.1 ml) and heated in a Biotage Initiator microwave at 1000C for 30 min. Additional 4-(4, 4,5,5- tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxabotolan-2-yl)-1 H-indole (61.3 mg, 0.252 mmol) and chloro[2′- (dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-(1 R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4R)- bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (5 mg) were added and the reaction heated at 1 1O0C for 30 min, then 14O0C for 30 min. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue purified by silica gel chromatography, eluting with 0-25% methanol in dichloromethane. The appropriate fractions were combined and concentrated to give a brown solid which was dissolved in MeOH:DMSO (1 ml, 1 :1 , v/v) and purified by MDAP (method A). The appropriate fractions were concentrated in vacuo to give the title compound as a white solid (30 mg).

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.57 mins, MH+ 441.

Method B

6-Chloro-4-(5-{[4-(1-methylethyl)-1-piperazinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)- 1 H-indazole (75.17 g, 150 mmol), 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1 H- indole (73.1 g, 301 mmol), sodium bicarbonate (37.9 g, 451 mmol), and chloro[2′- (dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-(1 R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4R)- bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (8.43 g, 15.03 mmol) were suspended in nitrogen purged 1 ,4-dioxane (1200 ml.) and water (300 ml_). The reaction vessel was placed under alternating vacuum and nitrogen five times with overhead stirring, then finally placed under a nitrogen atmosphere and heated to 1200C for 2.5 h.

The reaction mixture was cooled to 45°C and then treated with 2M aqueous sodium hydroxide (376 ml_, 752 mmol). After stirring at 450C overnight (~ 13h), the mixture was cooled to RT and DCM (600 ml) and water (400 ml) were added. The layers were separated and the aqueous re-extracted with DCM: 1 ,4-dioxane (1 :1 ). Brine was added and the mixture filtered through Celite, washing with DCM: 1 ,4-dioxane (1 :1 ). The layers were separated and 2M HCI (1000 ml) added to the organic. The mixture was again filtered through Celite washing with 500 ml 2M HCI keeping the washings separate. The filtrate layers were then separated and the organic layer was washed with the acid washings from the Celite. Layers were separated and the acidic aqueous combined. This was then back-washed with 2×500 ml of DCM; each wash requiring a Celite filtration. The acidic aqueous was then given a final filtration through Celite washing the Celite pad with 150 ml of 2M HCI.

The acidic aqueous was transfered to a beaker (5000 ml) and with vigorous stirring 2M NaOH was added to basify the mixture to pH 10-11. The mixture was then extracted using 1 ,4-dioxane:DCM (1 :1 ) (5 x 500 ml). The combined organics were washed with brine, dried over magnesium sulphate, filtered and evaporated to yield a brown foam that was dried in vacuo at 500C overnight.

This material was split into three batches and each was purified by reverse phase column chromatography (3x 1.9 kg C18 column), loading in DMF/TFA (1 :1 , 30 ml) then eluting with 3-40% MeCN in Water + 0.25% TFA (Note: Columns 2 & 3 used a different gradient starting with 10% MeCN).

Appropriate fractions were combined, the acetotnitrile removed in vacuo and the acidic aqueous basified to pH10 by addition of saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution to the stirred solution. The resultant solid was collected by filtration, washed with water then dried in vacuo at 65°C overnight to give the title compound (28.82 g) as a pale brown foam.

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.68 mins, MH+ 441. 1H NMR (400MHz ,DMSOd6) d = 13.41 (br. s., 1 H), 11.35 (br. s., 1 H), 8.59 (br. s., 1 H), 8.07 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.90 (br. s., 1 H), 7.51 – 7.44 (m, 2 H), 7.32 (s, 1 H), 7.27 – 7.21 (m, 2 H), 6.61 – 6.58 (m, 1 H), 3.73 (br. s., 2 H), 2.64 – 2.36 (m, 9 H), 0.97 – 0.90 (m, 6 H)

EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

COMPD B

WO2010125082

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2010125082A1?cl=en

Example 1

Λ/-[5-[4-(5-{[(2/?,6S)-2,6-Dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1H-indazol-

6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide

Method A

To a solution of 6-chloro-4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2- yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1 H-indazole (0.20 g, 0.411 mmol) and N-[2-(methoxy)-5-(4,4,5,5- tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-3-pyridyl]methanesulfonamide (0.175 g, 0.534 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (2 ml) was added chloro[2′-(dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium- 1 (1 /?,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4/?)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (11.5 mg, 0.021 mmol), potassium phosphate tribasic (0.262 g, 1.23 mmol) and water (0.2 ml). The reaction mixture was heated and stirred at 12O0C under microwave irradiation for 1 h. Additional chloroP’^dimethylamino^-biphenylyOpalladium-^I R^S^bicycloP^.ilhept^- yl[(1 S,4/?)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (11.5 mg, 0.021 mmol) and potassium phosphate tribasic (80 mg) were added and the reaction heated to 12O0C under microwave irradiation for 1 h. Additional potassium phospate tribasic (80 mg) was added and the reaction heated under the same conditions for a further 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a silica SPE and eluted with methanol. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue partitioned between dichloromethane (5 ml) and water (5 ml). The layers were separated and the aqueous extracted with further dichloromethane (2x 2 ml). The combined organics were concentrated under a stream of nitrogen and the residue dissolved in MeOH:DMSO (3ml, 1 :1 , v/v) and purified by MDAP (method A) in 3 injections. The appropriate fractions were combined and concentrated to give a white solid which was dissolved in MeOH:DMSO (1 ml, 1 :1 , v/v) and further purified by MDAP (method B). The appropriate fractions were basified to pH 6 with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (2x 25 ml). The combined organics were dried and evaporated in vacuo to give a white solid which was further dried under nitrogen at 4O0C for 3 h to give the title compound as a white solid (26 mg). LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.53 mins, MH+ 513.

Method B N-[2-(Methyloxy)-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-3- pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (101 g, 308 mmol), 6-chloro-4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4- morpholinyl]methyl}-1 ,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1 H-indazole (83.3 g, 154 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (38.8 g, 462 mmol) were suspended in 1 ,4-dioxane (1840 ml) and water (460 ml) under nitrogen and heated to 800C. Chloro[2′-(dimethylamino)-2- biphenylyl]palladium-1 (1 R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1 S,4R)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2- yl]phosphane (8.63 g, 15.40 mmol) was added and the mixture stirred overnight at 800C.

The reaction mixture was cooled to 450C, sodium hydroxide 2M aq. (770 ml, 1540 mmol) added and the reaction heated to 45 0C for 4 hours. The mixture was cooled to RT and diluted with water (610 ml_). Dichloromethane (920 ml.) was added, and the mixture was filtered twice through Celite (washed with 200 ml. 1 ,4-dioxane/DCM 2:1 each time). The phases were separated, and aqueous washed with 1 ,4-dioxane/DCM 2:1 (500 ml_). The aqueous phase was neutralised with hydrochloric acid to pH -7 and extracted with 1 ,4- dioxane/DCM 2:1 (1 L), then 1 ,4 dioxane/DCM 1 :1 (2×500 ml_). The organics were washed with brine (500 ml_), and filtered through Celite (washed with 200 ml. 1 ,4 dioxane/DCM 2:1 ), and evaporated to yield a dark black solid, which was purified in 4 batches:

Batch 1 : 28g was dissolved in Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (100 ml.) and purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (14.78 g).

Batch 2: 3Og was dissolved in methanol and mixed with Fluorisil. The solvent was then removed by evaporation and the solid purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column, solid sample injection module), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (9.44 g).

Batch 3: 31 g was dissolved in Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (100 ml.) and purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (17 g).

Batch 4: 29g was dissolved in Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (100 ml.) and purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (21 g).

The mixed fractions from the 4 columns were combined and evaporated to yield 19 g which was dissolved in 200 ml. of Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (+ additional 4ml of 0.88 NH3 to help solubility) then purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (6.1 g).

All pure batches were combined (68 g) and recrystallised from ethanol (1200 ml_). The suspension was heated to reflux and a solution formed. The resulting solution was then cooled to room temperature overnight. The resulting solid was then collected by filtration, washed sparingly with ethanol and dried under vacuum to give the title compound as an off-white solid (56 g). This material was recrystallised again from ethanol (1 100 ml_). The suspension was heated to reflux and a solution formed. The resulting solution was then cooled to room temperature overnight with stirring. The resulting solid was collected by filtration and washed sparingly with ethanol. The solid was dried in vacuo at 600C for 5hrs to give the title compound as an off-white solid (45.51 g). LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.61 mins, MH+ 513.

The filtrate from the two recrystallisations was evaporated to yield -23 g of a solid residue that was dissolved in 200 ml. of Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (+ additional 4ml of 0.88 NH3 to help solubility) then purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give a further crop of the title compound as an off-white solid (18.5 g). This solid was then recrystallised from ethanol (370 ml_). The suspension was heated to reflux then the resulting solution stirred for 20 mins before being allowed to cool to room temperature naturally overnight. The solid was then dried in vacuo at 65°C overnight to give the title compound as an off-white solid (11.9O g). LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.62 mins, MH+ 513.

………………………………………..

 http://www.google.co.in/patents/US8735390

Example 1N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-Dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide

Method A

To a solution of 6-chloro-4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-indazole (0.20 g, 0.411 mmol) and N-[2-(methoxy)-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-3-pyridyl]methanesulfonamide (0.175 g, 0.534 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (2 ml) was added chloro[2′-(dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-1(1R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1S,4R)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (11.5 mg, 0.021 mmol), potassium phosphate tribasic (0.262 g, 1.23 mmol) and water (0.2 ml). The reaction mixture was heated and stirred at 120° C. under microwave irradiation for 1 h. Additional chloro[2′-(dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-1(1R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1S,4R)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (11.5 mg, 0.021 mmol) and potassium phosphate tribasic (80 mg) were added and the reaction heated to 120° C. under microwave irradiation for 1 h. Additional potassium phospate tribasic (80 mg) was added and the reaction heated under the same conditions for a further 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a silica SPE and eluted with methanol. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue partitioned between dichloromethane (5 ml) and water (5 ml). The layers were separated and the aqueous extracted with further dichloromethane (2×2 ml). The combined organics were concentrated under a stream of nitrogen and the residue dissolved in MeOH:DMSO (3 ml, 1:1, v/v) and purified by MDAP (method A) in 3 injections. The appropriate fractions were combined and concentrated to give a white solid which was dissolved in MeOH:DMSO (1 ml, 1:1, v/v) and further purified by MDAP (method B). The appropriate fractions were basified to pH 6 with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (2×25 ml). The combined organics were dried and evaporated in vacuo to give a white solid which was further dried under nitrogen at 40° C. for 3 h to give the title compound as a white solid (26 mg).

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.53 mins, MH+ 513.

Method B

N-[2-(Methyloxy)-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (101 g, 308 mmol), 6-chloro-4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-indazole (83.3 g, 154 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (38.8 g, 462 mmol) were suspended in 1,4-dioxane (1840 ml) and water (460 ml) under nitrogen and heated to 80° C. Chloro[2′-(dimethylamino)-2-biphenylyl]palladium-1(1R,4S)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl[(1S,4R)-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]phosphane (8.63 g, 15.40 mmol) was added and the mixture stirred overnight at 80° C.

The reaction mixture was cooled to 45° C., sodium hydroxide 2M aq. (770 ml, 1540 mmol) added and the reaction heated to 45° C. for 4 hours. The mixture was cooled to RT and diluted with water (610 mL). Dichloromethane (920 mL) was added, and the mixture was filtered twice through Celite (washed with 200 mL 1,4-dioxane/DCM 2:1 each time). The phases were separated, and aqueous washed with 1,4-dioxane/DCM 2:1 (500 mL). The aqueous phase was neutralised with hydrochloric acid to pH ˜7 and extracted with 1,4-dioxane/DCM 2:1 (1 L), then 1,4 dioxane/DCM 1:1 (2×500 mL). The organics were washed with brine (500 mL), and filtered through Celite (washed with 200 mL 1,4 dioxane/DCM 2:1), and evaporated to yield a dark black solid, which was purified in 4 batches:

  • Batch 1: 28 g was dissolved in Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (100 mL) and purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (14.78 g).
  • Batch 2: 30 g was dissolved in methanol and mixed with Fluorisil. The solvent was then removed by evaporation and the solid purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column, solid sample injection module), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (9.44 g).
  • Batch 3: 31 g was dissolved in Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (100 mL) and purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (17 g).
  • Batch 4: 29 g was dissolved in Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (100 mL) and purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (21 g).

The mixed fractions from the 4 columns were combined and evaporated to yield 19 g which was dissolved in 200 mL of Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (+additional 4 ml of 0.88 NH3 to help solubility) then purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give the title compound as an off-white solid (6.1 g).

All pure batches were combined (68 g) and recrystallised from ethanol (1200 mL). The suspension was heated to reflux and a solution formed. The resulting solution was then cooled to room temperature overnight. The resulting solid was then collected by filtration, washed sparingly with ethanol and dried under vacuum to give the title compound as an off-white solid (56 g). This material was recrystallised again from ethanol (1100 mL). The suspension was heated to reflux and a solution formed. The resulting solution was then cooled to room temperature overnight with stirring. The resulting solid was collected by filtration and washed sparingly with ethanol. The solid was dried in vacuo at 60° C. for 5 hrs to give the title compound as an off-white solid (45.51 g).

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.61 mins, MH+ 513.

The filtrate from the two recrystallisations was evaporated to yield ˜23 g of a solid residue that was dissolved in 200 mL of Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 (+additional 4 ml of 0.88 NH3 to help solubility) then purified by column chromatography (1.5 kg silica column), eluting with Toluene/Ethanol/Ammonia 80:20:2 to give a further crop of the title compound as an off-white solid (18.5 g). This solid was then recrystallised from ethanol (370 mL). The suspension was heated to reflux then the resulting solution stirred for 20 mins before being allowed to cool to room temperature naturally overnight. The solid was then dried in vacuo at 65° C. overnight to give the title compound as an off-white solid (11.90 g).

LCMS (Method A): Rt 0.62 mins, MH+ 513.

Method C

10M Sodium hydroxide solution (0.70 ml) was added to a stirred suspension of N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (1.17 g) in water (5.8 ml). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3.75 hours and was then washed with ethyl acetate (2×6 ml). The layers were separated and the aqueous phase was acidified to pH 6 with 2M hydrochloric acid (0.8 ml). The acidified aqueous layer was extracted twice with ethyl acetate (11 ml then 5 ml). The combined ethyl acetate extracts were dried by azeotropic distillation and diluted with further ethyl acetate (11 ml). The misture was stirred at room temperature for 112 hours. The slurry was seeded and then stirred at room temperature for 48 hours. The resultant suspension was filtered, washed with ethyl acetate (2×2 ml) and the solid dried under vacuum at 40° C. to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid (0.58 g).

LCMS (Method B): Rt 1.86 min, MH+ 513.

Method D

To a suspension of N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (596.5 g, 0.91 mol) in water (3.8 L) is added 5M sodium hydroxide (715 ml, 3.56 mol) over 20 mins at <25° C. The mixture is stirred at 20±3° C. for 2 h 45 min then washed with EtCN (3 L). The pH of the basic aqueous phase is adjusted to pH 6.6 using 2M hydrochloric acid (1.4 L), maintaining the temperature below 30° C. The mixture is then extracted with MeTHF (2×4.8 L), and the combined MeTHF extracts are washed with water (1.2 L). The mixture is concentrated to approx 2.4 L and EtOAc (3 L) is added. This put and take distillation is repeated a further 3 times. The mixture is adjusted to 60±3° C. and seeded twice (2×3 g) 35 mins apart. The resultant is aged for 1 h 10 mins then cooled over 2 h to 20-25° C., and aged for a further 15 h 50 min. The slurry is filtered, washed with EtOAc (2×1.2 L) and dried in vacuo at 45±5° C. for approx 3 day to give the title compound.

Preparation of Polymorphs of Compound A

Form (II)

Ethyl acetate (15 ml) was added to N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (2.1 g) and was stirred at ambient conditions overnight. The resultant slurry was filtered and dried under vacuum at 50° C. to give a new solid state form (91 ckw/w).

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO d6) d=13.49 (br s, 1H), 9.39 (s, 1H), 8.58 (s, 1H), 8.42 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (s, 1H), 7.35 (s, 1H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 3.74 (s, 2H), 3.58 (m, 2H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 2.80 (d, J=10.3 Hz, 2H), 1.78 (t, J=10.3 Hz, 2H), 1.05 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H)

 SODIUM SALT OF COMPD B

http://www.google.com/patents/US20140256721

Method D

To a suspension of N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (596.5 g, 0.91 mol) in water (3.8 L) is added 5M sodium hydroxide (715 ml, 3.56 mol) over 20 mins at <25° C. The mixture is stirred at 20±3° C. for 2 h 45 min then washed with EtCN (3 L). The pH of the basic aqueous phase is adjusted to pH 6.6 using 2M hydrochloric acid (1.4 L), maintaining the temperature below 30° C. The mixture is then extracted with MeTHF (2×4.8 L), and the combined MeTHF extracts are washed with water (1.2 L). The mixture is concentrated to approx 2.4 L and EtOAc (3 L) is added. This put and take distillation is repeated a further 3 times. The mixture is adjusted to 60±3° C. and seeded twice (2×3 g) 35 mins apart. The resultant is aged for 1 h 10 mins then cooled over 2 h to 20-25° C., and aged for a further 15 h 50 min. The slurry is filtered, washed with EtOAc (2×1.2 L) and dried in vacuo at 45±5° C. for approx 3 day to give the title compound.

http://www.google.com/patents/US20140256721

Preparation of Salts of Compound ASodium Salt

Methanol (2 ml) was added to N-[5-[4-(5-{[(2R,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-4-morpholinyl]methyl}-1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1H-indazol-6-yl]-2-(methyloxy)-3-pyridinyl]methanesulfonamide (0.3 g) followed by aqueous sodium hydroxide (0.129 ml) to give a solution. Tert-butylmethylether (4 ml) was added to the solution followed by seed crystals of the sodium salt and this suspension was stirred overnight at ambient conditions. The suspension was filtered, washed with tert-butylmethylether (2 ml) and air dried to give the sodium salt (0.2312 g) as a hydrate.

NMR: Consistent with salt formation

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO d6) d=13.35 (br s, 1H), 8.53 (s, 1H), 7.90 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (s, 1H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.59 (m, 2H). 2.83 (d, J=10.3, 2H), 2.61 (s, 3H), 1.78 (t, J=10.5 Hz, 2H), 1.05 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 6H)

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US20100280029 * 28 Apr 2010 4 Nov 2010 Julie Nicole Hamblin Novel compounds
WO2010125082A1 28 Apr 2010 4 Nov 2010 Glaxo Group Limited Oxazole substituted indazoles as pi3-kinase inhibitors
US20140256721 * 14 Apr 2014 11 Sep 2014 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Novel Polymorphs and Salts
WO2012032065A1 6 Sep 2011 15 Mar 2012 Glaxo Group Limited Indazole derivatives for use in the treatment of influenza virus infection
WO2012032067A1 6 Sep 2011 15 Mar 2012 Glaxo Group Limited Polymorphs and salts of n- [5- [4- (5- { [(2r,6s) -2, 6 – dimethyl – 4 -morpholinyl] methyl} – 1, 3 – oxazol – 2 – yl) – 1h- inda zol-6-yl] -2- (methyloxy) – 3 – pyridinyl] methanesulfonamide
WO2012055846A1 25 Oct 2011 3 May 2012 Glaxo Group Limited Polymorphs and salts of 6-(1h-indol-4-yl)-4-(5- { [4-(1-methylethyl)-1-pi perazinyl] methyl} -1,3-oxazol-2-yl)-1h-indazole as pi3k inhibitors for use in the treatment of e.g. respiratory disorders
WO2012064744A2 * 8 Nov 2011 18 May 2012 Lycera Corporation Tetrahydroquinoline and related bicyclic compounds for inhibition of rorϒ activity and the treatment of disease
WO2013088404A1 14 Dec 2012 20 Jun 2013 Novartis Ag Use of inhibitors of the activity or function of PI3K
WO2014068070A1 31 Oct 2013 8 May 2014 INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) Methods for preventing antiphospholipid syndrome (aps)
US8524751 5 Mar 2010 3 Sep 2013 GlaxoSmithKline Intellecutual Property Development 4-oxadiazol-2-YL-indazoles as inhibitors of P13 kinases
US8536169 3 Jun 2009 17 Sep 2013 Glaxo Group Limited Compounds
US8575162 28 Apr 2010 5 Nov 2013 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Compounds
US8580797 28 Apr 2010 12 Nov 2013 Glaxo Smith Kline Intellectual Property Development Limited Compounds
US8586583 2 Oct 2012 19 Nov 2013 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Compounds
US8586590 2 Oct 2012 19 Nov 2013 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Compounds
US8609657 2 Oct 2012 17 Dec 2013 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Compounds
US8658635 3 Jun 2009 25 Feb 2014 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Benzpyrazol derivatives as inhibitors of PI3 kinases
US8735390 6 Sep 2011 27 May 2014 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Polymorphs and salts
US8765743 3 Jun 2009 1 Jul 2014 Glaxosmithkline Intellectual Property Development Limited Compounds

…..

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.




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MANUDEVI

FDA Approves Spiriva Respimat (tiotropium) for the Maintenance Treatment of COPD


Ridgefield, Conn., September 25, 2014 – Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Spiriva Respimat (tiotropium bromide) inhalation spray for the long-term, once-daily maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema and to reduce exacerbations in COPD patients. Boehringer Ingelheim anticipates Spiriva Respimat to be available in January 2015.


Spiriva Respimat provides a pre-measured amount of medicine in a slow-moving mist that helps patients inhale the medicine. Spiriva Respimat was developed to actively deliver medication in a way that does not depend of how fast air is breathed in from the inhaler.

READ AT

http://www.drugs.com/newdrugs/fda-approves-spiriva-respimat-tiotropium-maintenance-copd-4088.html?utm_source=ddc&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Today%27s+news+summary+-+September+25%2C+2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BI launches COPD drug Striverdi, olodaterol in UK and Ireland


DB09080.png

Olodaterol

BI-1744
BI-1744-CL (hydrochloride) marketed as drug

Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma  innovator

synthesis…..http://wendang.baidu.com/view/d4f95541e518964bcf847c22.html

Olodaterol (trade name Striverdi) is a long acting beta-adrenoceptor agonist used as an inhalation for treating patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), manufactured by Boehringer-Ingelheim.[1]

see……….https://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0029-1219649           ……… synfacts

Olodaterol is a potent agonist of the human β2-adrenoceptor with a high β12 selectivity. Its crystalline hydrochloride salt is suitable for inhalation and is currently undergoing clinical trials in man for the treatment of asthma. Oloda­terol has a duration of action that exceeds 24 hours in two preclinical animal models of bronchoprotection and it has a better safety margin compared with formoterol.

Olodaterol hydrochloride [USAN]

Bi 1744 cl
Bi-1744-cl
Olodaterol hydrochloride
Olodaterol hydrochloride [usan]
UNII-65R445W3V9

868049-49-4 [RN] FREE FORM

CAS 869477-96-3 HCL SALT

R ENANTIOMER

2H-1,4-Benzoxazin-3(4H)-one, 6-hydroxy-8-((1R)-1-hydroxy-2-((2-(4-methoxyphenyl)- 1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)ethyl)-, hydrochloride (1:1)

2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one, 6-hydroxy-8-((1R)-1-hydroxy-2-((2-(4-methoxyphenyl)- 1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)ethyl)-, hydrochloride (1:1)

6-Hydroxy-8-((1R)-1-hydroxy-2-((2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)ethyl)- 2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one hydrochloride

clinical trialshttp://clinicaltrials.gov/search/intervention=Olodaterol+OR+BI+1744

Boehringer Ingelheim has launched a new chronic obstructive pulmonary disease drug, Striverdi in the UK and Ireland.
Striverdi (olodaterol) is the second molecule to be licenced for delivery via the company’s Respimat Soft Mist inhaler, following the COPD blockbuster Spiriva (tiotropium). The drug was approved in Europe in November based on results from a Phase III programme that included more than 3,000 patients with moderate to very severe disease.http://www.pharmatimes.com/Article/14-07-01/BI_launches_COPD_drug_Striverdi_in_UK_and_Ireland.aspx

Olodaterol hydrochloride is a drug candidate originated by Boehringer Ingelheim. The product, delivered once-daily by the Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler, was first launched in Denmark and the Netherlands in March 2014 for the use as maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. In 2013, approval was obtained in Russia and Canada for the same indication, and in the U.S, the product was recommended for approval. Phase III clinical trials for the treatment of COPD are ongoing in Japan.

ChemSpider 2D Image | Olodaterol | C21H26N2O5
Systematic (IUPAC) name
6-hydroxy-8-{(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-{[1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-methylpropan-2-yl]amino}ethyl}-4H-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one
Clinical data
Trade names Striverdi
AHFS/Drugs.com UK Drug Information
Pregnancy cat. No experience
Legal status POM (UK)
Routes Inhalation
Identifiers
CAS number 868049-49-4; 869477-96-3 (hydrochloride)
ATC code R03AC19
PubChem CID 11504295
ChemSpider 9679097
UNII VD2YSN1AFD
ChEMBL CHEMBL605846
Synonyms BI 1744 CL
Chemical data
Formula C21H26N2O5 free form
C21 H26 N2 O5 . Cl H; of hcl salt
Mol. mass 386.44 g/mol free form; 422.902 as hyd salt

BI launches COPD drug Striverdi in UK and Ireland

Medical uses

Olodaterol is a once-daily maintenance bronchodilator treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema, and is administered in an inhaler called Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

As of December 2013, olodaterol is not approved for the treatment of asthma. Olodaterol monotherapy was previously evaluated in four Phase 2 studies in asthma patients. However, currently there are no Phase 3 studies planned for olodaterol monotherapy in patients with asthma.

In late January 2013, Olodaterol CAS# 868049-49-4 was the focus of an FDA committee reviewing data for the drug’s approval as a once-daily maintenance bronchodilator to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as well as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The FDA Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee recommended that the clinical data from the Boehringer Ingelheim Phase III studies be included in their NDA.

Also known as the trade name Striverdi Respimat, Olodaterol is efficacious as a long-acting beta-agonist, which patients self-administer via an easy to use metered dose inhaler. While early statistics from clinical trials of Olodaterol were encouraging, a new set of data was released earlier this week, which only further solidified the effectual and tolerable benefits of this COPD drug.

On September 10, 2013 results from two Phase 3 studies of Olodaterol revealed additional positive results from this formidable COPD treatment. The conclusion from these two 48 week studies, which included over 3,000 patients, showed sizable and significant improvements in the lung function of patients who were dosed with Olodaterol. Patients in the aforementioned studies were administered either a once a day dosage of Olodaterol via the appropriate metered-dose inhaler or “usual care”. The “usual care” included a variety of treatment options, such as inhaled corticosteroids (not Olodaterol), short and long acting anticholinergics, xanthines and beta agonists, which were short acting. The clinical trial participants who were dosed with Olodaterol displayed a rapid onset of action from this drug, oftentimes within the first five minutes after taking this medication. Additionally, patients dispensed the Olodaterol inhaler were successfully able to maintain optimum lung function for longer than a full 24 hour period. The participants who were given Olodaterol experienced such an obvious clinical improvement in their COPD symptoms, and it quickly became apparent that the “usual care” protocol was lacking in efficacy and reliability.

A staggering 24 million patients in the United States suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and this patient population is in need of an effectual, safe and tolerable solution. Olodaterol is shaping up to be that much needed solution. Not only have the results from studies of Olodaterol been encouraging, the studies themselves have actually been forward thinking and wellness centered. Boehringer Ingelheim is the first company to included studies to evaluate exercise tolerance in  patients with COPD, and compare the data to those patients who were dosed with Olodaterol. By including exercise tolerance as an important benchmark in pertinent data for Olodaterol, Boehringer Ingelheim has created a standard for COPD treatment expectations. The impaired lung function for patients with COPD contributes greatly to their inability to exercise and stay healthy. Patients who find treatments and management techniques to combat the lung hyperinflation that develops during exercise have a distinct advantage to attaining overall good health.

– See more at: http://www.lgmpharma.com/blog/olodaterol-offers-encouraging-results-patients-copd/#sthash.DOjcrGxc.dpuf

Data has demonstrated that Striverdi, a once-daily long-acting beta2 agonist, significantly improved lung function versus placebo and is comparable to improvements shown with the older LABA formoterol. The NHS price for the drug is £26.35 for a 30-day supply.

Boehringer cited Richard Russell at Wexham Park Hospital as saying that the licensing of Stirverdi will be welcomed by clinicians as it provides another option. He added that the trial results showing improvements in lung function “are particularly impressive considering the study design, which allowed participants to continue their usual treatment regimen. This reflects more closely the real-world patient population”.

Significantly, the company is also developing olodaterol in combination with Spiriva, a long-acting muscarinic antagonist. LAMA/LABA combinations provide the convenience of delivering the two major bronchodilator classes.

Olodaterol is a novel, long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist (LABA) that exerts its pharmacological effect by binding and activating beta2-adrenergic receptors located primarily in the lungs. Beta2-adrenergic receptors are membrane-bound receptors that are normally activated by endogenous epinephrine whose signalling, via a downstream L-type calcium channel interaction, mediates smooth muscle relaxation and bronchodilation. Activation of the receptor stimulates an associated G protein which then activates adenylate cyclase, catalyzing the formation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and protein kinase A (PKA). Elevation of these two molecules induces bronchodilation by relaxation of airway smooth muscles. It is by this mechanism that olodaterol is used for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the progressive airflow obstruction that is characteristic of it. Treatment with bronchodilators helps to mitigate associated symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production. Single doses of olodaterol have been shown to improve forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) for 24 h in patients with COPD, allowing once daily dosing. A once-a-day treatment with a LABA has several advantages over short-acting bronchodilators and twice-daily LABAs including improved convenience and compliance and improved airflow over a 24-hour period. Despite similarities in symptoms, olodaterol is not indicated for the treatment of acute exacerbations of COPD or for the treatment of asthma.

Adverse effects

Adverse effects generally were rare and mild in clinical studies. Most common, but still affecting no more than 1% of patients, were nasopharyngitis (running nose), dizziness and rash. To judge from the drug’s mechanism of action and from experiences with related drugs, hypertension (high blood pressure), tachycardia (fast heartbeat), hypokalaemia (low blood levels of potassium), shaking, etc., might occur in some patients, but these effects have rarely, if at all, been observed in studies.[1]

Interactions

Based on theoretical considerations, co-application of other beta-adrenoceptor agonists, potassium lowering drugs (e. g. corticoids, many diuretics, and theophylline), tricyclic antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors could increase the likelihood of adverse effects to occur. Beta blockers, a group of drugs for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and various conditions of the heart, could reduce the efficacy of olodaterol.[1] Clinical data on the relevance of such interactions are very limited.

Pharmacology

Mechanism of action

Like all beta-adrenoceptor agonists, olodaterol mimics the effect of epinephrine at beta-2 receptors (β₂-receptors) in the lung, which causes the bronchi to relax and reduces their resistance to airflow.[3]

Olodaterol is a nearly full β₂-agonist, having 88% intrinsic activity compared to the gold standard isoprenaline. Its half maximal effective concentration (EC50) is 0.1 nM. It has a higher in vitro selectivity for β₂-receptors than the related drugs formoterol and salmeterol: 241-fold versus β₁- and 2299-fold versus β₃-receptors.[2] The high β₂/β₁ selectivity may account for the apparent lack of tachycardia in clinical trials, which is mediated by β₁-receptors on the heart.

Pharmacokinetics

Once bound to a β₂-receptor, an olodaterol molecule stays there for hours – its dissociation half-life is 17.8 hours –, which allows for once-a-day application of the drug[3] like with indacaterol. Other related compounds generally have a shorter duration of action and have to be applied twice daily (e.g. formoterol, salmeterol). Still others (e. g. salbutamol, fenoterol) have to be applied three or four times a day for continuous action, which can also be an advantage for patients who need to apply β₂-agonists only occasionally, for example in an asthma attack.[8]

 

History

On 29 January 2013 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee (PADAC) recommended that the clinical data included in the new drug application (NDA) for olodaterol provide substantial evidence of safety and efficacy to support the approval of olodaterol as a once-daily maintenance bronchodilator treatment for airflow obstruction in patients with COPD.[9]

On 18 October 2013 approval of olodaterol in the first three European countries – the United Kingdom, Denmark and Iceland – was announced by the manufacturer.[10]

 

Figure  Chemical structures of salmeterol, formoterol, inda- caterol, and emerging once-daily long-acting β2-agonists

 

CLIP

Synthetic approaches to the 2013 new drugs – ScienceDirect

Science Direct

Synthesis of olodaterol hydrochloride (XVI).

Image result for OLODATEROL DRUG FUTURE

Olodaterol hydrochloride was approved for long-term, once-daily maintenance treatment of chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in 2013 in the following countries: Canada, Russia, United
Kingdom, Denmark, and Iceland.142, 143 The drug has been recommended by a federal advisory panel for
approval by the FDA.142, 143 Developed and marketed by Boehringer Ingelheim, olodaterol is a longacting
β2-adrenergic receptor agonist with high selectivity over the β1- and β3-receptors (219- and 1622-fold, respectively).144 Upon binding to and activating the β2-adrenergic receptor in the airway, olodaterol
stimulates adenyl cyclase to synthesize cAMP, leading to the relaxation of smooth muscle cells in the
airway. Administered by inhalation using the Respimat®
Soft Mist inhaler, it delivers significant
bronchodilator effects within five minutes of the first dose and provides sustained improvement in
forced expiratory volume (FEV1) for over 24 hours.143 While several routes have been reported in the
patent and published literature,144-146 the manufacturing route for olodaterol hydrochloride disclosed in
2011 is summarized in Scheme 19 below.147
Commercial 2’,5’-dihydroxyacetophenone (122) was treated with one equivalent of benzyl bromide
and potassium carbonate in methylisobutylketone (MIBK) to give the 5’-monobenzylated product in
76% yield. Subsequent nitration occurred at the 4’-position to provide nitrophenol 123 in 87% yield.
Reduction of the nitro group followed by subjection to chloroacetyl chloride resulted in the construction
of benzoxazine 124 in 82% yield. Next, monobromination through the use of tetrabutylammonium
tribromide occurred at the acetophenone carbon to provide bromoketone 125, and this was followed by
asymmetric reduction of the ketone employing (−)-DIP chloride to afford an intermediate bromohydrin,
which underwent conversion to the corresponding epoxide 126 in situ upon treatment with aqueous
NaOH. This epoxide was efficiently formed in 85% yield and 98.3% enantiomeric excess. Epoxide
126 underwent ring-opening upon subjection to amine 127 to provide amino-alcohol 128 in in 84-90%
yield and 89.5-99.5% enantiomeric purity following salt formation with HCl. Tertiary amine 127 was
itself prepared in three steps by reaction of ketone 129 with methylmagnesium chloride, Ritter reaction
of the tertiary alcohol with acetonitrile, and hydrolysis of the resultant acetamide with ethanolic
potassium hydroxide. Hydrogenative removal of the benzyl ether within 128 followed by
recrystallization with methanolic isopropanol furnished olodaterol hydrochloride (XVI) in 63-70%
yield. Overall, the synthesis of olodaterol hydrochloride required 10 total steps (7 linear) from
commercially available acetophenone 122.

142. Gibb, A.; Yang, L. P. H. Drugs 2013, 73, 1841.
143. http://www.boehringeringelheim.com/news/news_releases/press_releases/2013/18_october_2013_olodaterol.html.

144. Bouyssou, T.; Hoenke, C.; Rudolf, K.; Lustenberger, P.; Pestel, S.; Sieger, P.; Lotz, R.; Heine,
C.; Buettner, F. H.; Schnapp, A.; Konetzki, I. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2010, 20, 1410.
145. Trunk, M. J. F.; Schiewe, J. US Patent 20050255050A1, 2005.
146. Lustenberger, P.; Konetzki, I.; Sieger, P. US Patent 20090137578A1, 2009.
147. Krueger, T.; Ries, U.; Schnaubelt, J.; Rall, W.; Leuter, Z. A.; Duran, A.; Soyka, R. US Patent
20110124859A1, 2011.

 

PATENT

WO 2004045618 or

http://www.google.com/patents/EP1562603B1?cl=en

Example

 

Figure imgb0006

a)

To a solution of 3.6 g 1,1-dimethyl-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-ethylamine in 100 mL of ethanol at 70 ° C. 7.5 g of (6-benzyloxy-4H-benzo [1,4] oxazin-3-one )-glyoxal added and allowed to stir for 15 minutes. Then within 30 minutes at 10 to 20 ° C. 1 g of sodium borohydride added. It is stirred for one hour, with 10 mL of acetone and stirred for another 30 minutes. The reaction mixture is diluted with 150 mL ethyl acetate, washed with water, dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue is dissolved in 50 mL of methanol and 100 mL ethyl acetate and acidified with conc. Hydrochloric acid. After addition of 100 mL of diethyl ether, the product precipitates. The crystals are filtered, washed and recrystallized from 50 mL of ethanol. Yield: 7 g (68%; hydrochloride), mp = 232-234 ° C.

b)

6.8 g of the above obtained benzyl compound in 125 mL of methanol with the addition of 1 g of palladium on carbon (5%) was hydrogenated at room temperature and normal pressure. The catalyst is filtered and the filtrate was freed from solvent. Recrystallization of the residue in 50 mL of acetone and a little water, a solid is obtained, which is filtered and washed.
Yield: 5.0 g (89%; hydrochloride), mp = 155-160 ° C.

The (R) – and (S)-enantiomers of Example 3 can be obtained from the racemate, for example, by chiral HPLC (for example, column: Chirobiotic T, 250 x 1.22 mm from the company Astec). As the mobile phase, methanol with 0.05% triethylamine and 0.05% acetic acid. Silica gel with a grain size of 5 microns, to which is covalently bound the glycoprotein teicoplanin can reach as column material used. Retention time (R enantiomer) = 40.1 min, retention time (S-enantiomer) = 45.9 min. The two enantiomers can be obtained by this method in the form of free bases. According to the invention of paramount importance is the R enantiomer of Example 3

 

 

PATENT

WO 2005111005

http://www.google.fm/patents/WO2005111005A1?cl=en

Scheme 1.

 

Figure imgf000013_0001

 

Figure imgf000013_0003
Figure imgf000013_0002

 

Figure imgf000013_0004

Scheme 1:

Example 1 6-Hydroxy-8-{(1-hydroxy-2-r2-(4-methoxy-phenyl) – 1, 1-dimethyl-ethylamino]-ethyl)-4H-benzor 41oxazin-3-one – Hvdrochlorid

 

Figure imgf000017_0001

a) l-(5-benzyloxy-2-hydroxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-ethanone

To a solution of 81.5 g (0.34 mol) l-(5-benzyloxy-2-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethanone in 700 ml of acetic acid are added dropwise under cooling with ice bath, 18 mL of fuming nitric acid, the temperature does not exceed 20 ° C. increases. The reaction mixture is stirred for two hours at room temperature, poured onto ice water and filtered. The product is recrystallized from isopropanol, filtered off and washed with isopropanol and diisopropyl ether. Yield: 69.6 g (72%), mass spectroscopy [M + H] + = 288

b) l-(3-Amino-5-benzyloxy-2-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethanone

69.5 g (242 mmol) of l-(5-benzyloxy-2-hydroxy-3-nitro-phenyl)-ethanone are dissolved in 1.4 L of methanol and in the presence of 14 g of rhodium on carbon (10%) as catalyst at 3 bar room temperature and hydrogenated. Then the catalyst is filtered off and the filtrate concentrated. The residue is reacted further without additional purification. Yield: 60.0 g (96%), R f value = 0.45 (silica gel, dichloromethane).

c) 8-acetyl-6-benzyloxy-4H-benzoπ .4] oxazin-3-one

To 60.0 g (233 mmol) of l-(3-Amino-5-benzyloxy-2-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethanone and 70.0 g (506 mmol) of potassium carbonate while cooling with ice bath, 21.0 ml (258 mmol) of chloroacetyl chloride added dropwise. Then stirred overnight at room temperature and then for 6 hours under reflux. The hot reaction mixture is filtered and then concentrated to about 400 mL and treated with ice water. The precipitate is filtered off, dried and purified by chromatography on a short silica gel column (dichloromethane: methanol = 99:1). The product-containing fractions are concentrated, suspended in isopropanol, diisopropyl ether, and extracted with

Diisopropyl ether. Yield: 34.6 g (50%), mass spectroscopy [M + H] + = 298

d) 6-Benzyloxy-8-(2-chloro-acetyl)-4H-benzoFl, 4] oxazin-3-one 13.8 g (46.0 mmol) of 8-benzyloxy-6-Acetyl-4H-benzo [l, 4] oxazin -3-one and 35.3 g (101.5 mmol) of benzyltrimethylammonium dichloriodat are stirred in 250 mL dichloroethane, 84 mL glacial acetic acid and 14 mL water for 5 hours at 65 ° C. After cooling to room temperature, treated with 5% aqueous sodium hydrogen sulfite solution and stirred for 30 minutes. The precipitated solid is filtered off, washed with water and diethyl ether and dried. Yield: 13.2 g (86%), mass spectroscopy [M + H] + = 330/32.

e) 6-Benzyloxy-8-((R-2-chloro-l-hydroxy-ethyl)-4H-benzori ,41-oxazin-3-one The procedure is analogous to a procedure described in the literature (Org. Lett ., 2002, 4, 4373-4376).

To 13:15 g (39.6 mmol) of 6-benzyloxy-8-(2-chloro-acetyl)-4H-benzo [l, 4] oxazin-3-one and 25.5 mg (0:04 mmol) Cρ * RhCl [(S, S) -TsDPEN] (Cp * = pentamethylcyclopentadienyl and TsDPEN = (lS, 2S)-Np-toluenesulfonyl-l ,2-diphenylethylenediamine) in 40 mL of dimethylformamide at -15 ° C and 8 mL of a mixture of formic acid and triethylamine (molar ratio = 5: 2) dropwise. It is allowed for 5 hours at this temperature, stirring, then 25 mg of catalyst and stirred overnight at -15 ° C. The reaction mixture is mixed with ice water and filtered. The filter residue is dissolved in dichloromethane, dried with sodium sulfate and the solvent evaporated. The residue is recrystallized gel (dichloromethane / methanol gradient) and the product in diethyl ether / diisopropyl ether. Yield: 10.08 g (76%), R f value = 00:28 (on silica gel, dichloromethane ethanol = 50:1).

f) 6-Benzyloxy-8-(R-oxiranyl-4H-benzo [“L4] oxazin-3-one 6.10 g (30.1 mmol) of 6-benzyloxy-8-((R)-2-chloro-l-hydroxy- ethyl)-4H-benzo [l, 4] oxazin-3-one are dissolved in 200 mL of dimethylformamide. added to the solution at 0 ° C with 40 mL of a 2 molar sodium hydroxide solution and stirred at this temperature for 4 hours. the reaction mixture is poured onto ice water, stirred for 15 minutes, and then filtered The solid is washed with water and dried to give 8.60 g (96%), mass spectroscopy [M + H] + = 298..

g) 6-Benyloxy-8-{(R-l-hydroxy-2-r2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-dimethyl-ll-ethvIaminol-ethyl)-4H-benzo-3-Tl A1oxazin

5.25 g (17.7 mmol) of 6-benzyloxy-8-(R)-oxiranyl-4H-benzo [l, 4] oxazin-3-one and 6.30 g (35.1 mmol) of 2 – (4-methoxy-phenyl 1, 1 – dimethyl-ethyl to be with 21 mL

Of isopropanol and stirred at 135 ° C for 30 minutes under microwave irradiation in a sealed reaction vessel. The solvent is distilled off and the residue chromatographed (alumina, ethyl acetate / methanol gradient). The product thus obtained is purified by recrystallization from a mixture further Diethylether/Diisopropylether-. Yield: 5:33 g (63%), mass spectroscopy [M + H] + = 477 h) 6-Hydroxy-8-{(R)-l-hydroxy-2-[2 – (4-methoxy-phenyl)-l, l-dimethyl-ethylamino] – ethyl}-4H-benzo [1, 4, 1 oxazin-3-one hydrochloride

A suspension of 5:33 g (11.2 mmol) of 6-Benyloxy-8-{(R)-l-hydroxy-2-[2 – (4-methoxy-phenyl)-l, l-dimethyl-ethylamino]-ethyl}-4H -benzo [l, 4] oxazin-3-one in 120 mL of methanol with 0.8 g of palladium on carbon (10%), heated to 50 ° C and hydrogenated at 3 bar hydrogen pressure. Then the catalyst is filtered off and the filtrate concentrated. The residue is dissolved in 20 mL of isopropanol, and 2.5 mL of 5 molar hydrochloric acid in isopropanol. The product is precipitated with 200 mL of diethyl ether, filtered off and dried. Yield: 4.50 g (95%, hydrochloride), mass spectroscopy [M + H] + = 387

 

PATENT

WO 2007020227

http://www.google.com.ar/patents/WO2007020227A1?cl=en

 

PATENT

WO 2008090193

or

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2125759B1?cl=en

 

PAPER

Discovery of olodaterol, a novel inhaled beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist with a 24h bronchodilatory efficacy
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010, 20(4): 1410

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X09018101

The discovery of the β2-adrenoceptor agonist (R)-4p designated olodaterol is described. The preclinical profile of the compound suggests a bronchoprotective effect over 24 h in humans.

Full-size image (4 K)

CLIP

 

Australia

http://www.tga.gov.au/pdf/auspar/auspar-olodaterol-140327-pi.pdf

 

CLIP

DUTCH

http://mri.medagencies.org/download/NL_H_2498_001_PAR.pdf

FDA

Click to access 203108Orig1s000ChemR.pdf

NDA 203108
Striverdi® Respimat® (olodaterol) Inhalation Spray
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

References

  1. Striverdi UK Drug Information
  2. Bouyssou, T.; Casarosa, P.; Naline, E.; Pestel, S.; Konetzki, I.; Devillier, P.; Schnapp, A. (2010). “Pharmacological Characterization of Olodaterol, a Novel Inhaled  2-Adrenoceptor Agonist Exerting a 24-Hour-Long Duration of Action in Preclinical Models”. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 334 (1): 53–62. doi:10.1124/jpet.110.167007. PMID 20371707. edit
  3. Casarosa, P.; Kollak, I.; Kiechle, T.; Ostermann, A.; Schnapp, A.; Kiesling, R.; Pieper, M.; Sieger, P.; Gantner, F. (2011). “Functional and Biochemical Rationales for the 24-Hour-Long Duration of Action of Olodaterol”. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 337 (3): 600–609. doi:10.1124/jpet.111.179259. PMID 21357659. edit
  4. Bouyssou, T.; Hoenke, C.; Rudolf, K.; Lustenberger, P.; Pestel, S.; Sieger, P.; Lotz, R.; Heine, C.; Büttner, F. H.; Schnapp, A.; Konetzki, I. (2010). “Discovery of olodaterol, a novel inhaled β2-adrenoceptor agonist with a 24h bronchodilatory efficacy”. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 20 (4): 1410–1414. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.12.087. PMID 20096576. edit
  5. Joos G, Aumann JL, Coeck C, et al. ATS 2012 Abstract: Comparison of 24-Hour FEV1 Profile for Once-Daily versus Twice-Daily Treatment with Olodaterol, A Novel Long-Acting ß2-Agonist, in Patients with COPD[dead link]
  6. Van Noord, J. A.; Smeets, J. J.; Drenth, B. M.; Rascher, J.; Pivovarova, A.; Hamilton, A. L.; Cornelissen, P. J. G. (2011). “24-hour Bronchodilation following a single dose of the novel β2-agonist olodaterol in COPD”. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 24 (6): 666–672. doi:10.1016/j.pupt.2011.07.006. PMID 21839850. edit
  7. van Noord JA, Korducki L, Hamilton AL and Koker P. Four Weeks Once Daily Treatment with BI 1744 CL, a Novel Long-Acting ß2-Agonist, is Effective in COPD Patients. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2009; 179: A6183[dead link]
  8. Haberfeld, H, ed. (2009). Austria-Codex (in German) (2009/2010 ed.). Vienna: Österreichischer Apothekerverlag. ISBN 3-85200-196-X.
  9. Hollis A (31 January 2013). “Panel Overwhelmingly Supports Boehringer COPD Drug Striverdi”. FDA News/Drug Industry Daily.
  10. “New once-daily Striverdi (olodaterol) Respimat gains approval in first EU countries”. Boehringer-Ingelheim. 18 October 2013.

External links

The active moiety olodaterol is a selective beta2-adrenergic bronchodilator. The drug substance, olodaterol hydrochloride, is chemically described as 2H-1,4- Benzoxazin-3H(4H)-one, 6-hydroxy-8-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,1-dimethylethyl]-amino]ethyl]-, monohydrochloride. Olodaterol hydrochloride is a white to off-white powder that is sparingly-slightly soluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol. The molecular weight is 422.9 g/mole (salt): 386.5 g/mole (base), and the molecular formula is C21H26N2O5 x HCl as a hydrochloride. The conversion factor from salt to free base is 1.094.

The structural formula is:

STRIVERDI® RESPIMAT® (olodaterol) Structural Formula Illustration

The drug product, STRIVERDI RESPIMAT, is composed of a sterile, aqueous solution of olodaterol hydrochloride filled into a 4.5 mL plastic container crimped into an aluminum cylinder (STRIVERDI RESPIMAT cartridge) for use with the STRIVERDI RESPIMAT inhaler.

Excipients include water for injection, benzalkonium chloride, edetate disodium, and anhydrous citric acid. The STRIVERDI RESPIMAT cartridge is only intended for use with the STRIVERDI RESPIMAT inhaler. The STRIVERDI RESPIMAT inhaler is a hand held, pocket sized oral inhalation device that uses mechanical energy to generate a slow-moving aerosol cloud of medication from a metered volume of the drug solution. The STRIVERDI RESPIMAT inhaler has a yellow-colored cap.

When used with the STRIVERDI RESPIMAT inhaler, each cartridge containing a minimum of 4 grams of a sterile aqueous solution delivers the labeled number of metered actuations after preparation for use. Each dose (1 dose equals 2 actuations) from the STRIVERDI RESPIMAT inhaler delivers 5 mcg olodaterol in 22.1 mcL of solution from the mouthpiece. As with all inhaled drugs, the actual amount of drug delivered to the lung may depend on patient factors, such as the coordination between the actuation of the inhaler and inspiration through the delivery system. The duration of inspiration should be at least as long as the spray duration (1.5 seconds).

 

WO2002030928A1 28 Sep 2001 11 Apr 2003 Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Crystalline monohydrate, method for producing the same and the use thereof in the production of a medicament
WO2003000265A1 8 Jun 2002 3 Jan 2003 Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Crystalline anticholinergic, method for its production, and use thereof in the production of a drug
WO2004045618A2 * 11 Nov 2003 3 Jun 2004 Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Novel medicaments for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
EP0073505A1 * 28 Aug 1982 9 Mar 1983 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Benzo-heterocycles
EP0321864A2 * 15 Dec 1988 28 Jun 1989 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Ammonium compounds, their preparation and use
US4460581 12 Oct 1982 17 Jul 1984 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Antispasmodic agents, antiallergens
US4656168 * 13 Oct 1983 7 Apr 1987 Merck & Co., Inc. Vision defects; adrenergic blocking and hypotensive agents

 

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Organic chemists from Industry and academics to interact on Spectroscopy techniques for Organic compounds ie NMR, MASS, IR, UV Etc. email me ……….. amcrasto@gmail.com

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FDA Advisory Committee Recommends Approval in U.S. of Umeclidinium/Vilanterol for the Treatment of COPD


umeclidinium

 

File:Vilanterol.svg

 

vilanterol

09/10/13 — GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE: GSK) and Theravance, Inc. (NASDAQ: THRX) today announced that the Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee (PADAC) to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) voted 11 yes to 2 no that the efficacy and safety data provide substantial evidence to support approval of umeclidinium/vilanterolumeclidinium (UMEC/VI, 62.5/25mcg dose) for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance bronchodilator treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

 

Anoro Ellipta is the proposed proprietary name for UMEC/VI, a combination of two investigational bronchodilator molecules — GSK573719 or umeclidinium bromide (UMEC), a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and vilanterol (VI), a long-acting beta2 agonist (LABA), administered using the Ellipta inhaler.

The FDA Advisory Committee also voted that the safety of the investigational medicine has been adequately demonstrated at the 62.5/25mcg dose for the proposed indication (10 yes, 3 no), and the efficacy data provided substantial evidence of a clinically meaningful benefit for UMEC/VI 62.5/25mcg once daily for the long-term, maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in COPD (13 yes, 0 no).

Patrick Vallance, GSK’s President of Pharmaceuticals R&D, said: “Today’s recommendation is good news and a reflection of our commitment to giving an alternative treatment option for patients living with COPD — a disease that affects millions of Americans. If approved, Anoro Ellipta will be the first, once-daily dual bronchodilator available in the US, marking another significant milestone for GSK’s portfolio of medicines to treat respiratory disease. We will continue to work with the FDA as they complete their review.”

“We are pleased with the Advisory Committee’s support of UMEC/VI,” said Rick E Winningham, Chief Executive Officer of Theravance. “This is a transformative year for Theravance and today’s positive recommendation brings the second major respiratory medicine in our GSK collaboration closer to approval and becoming an important therapeutic option for COPD patients.”

In December 2012, a New Drug Application (NDA) was submitted to the FDA for the use of UMEC/VI administered by the Ellipta™ inhaler for the long-term once-daily maintenance bronchodilator treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD, including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. UMEC/VI is not proposed for the relief of acute bronchospasm or for the treatment of asthma in any of the regulatory applications.

The FDA Advisory Committee provides non-binding recommendations for consideration by the FDA, with the final decision on approval made by the FDA. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) goal date for UMEC/VI is 18 December 2013.

UMEC/VI is an investigational medicine and is not currently approved anywhere in the world.

Safety Information

Across the four pivotal COPD studies for UMEC/VI, the most frequently reported adverse events across all treatment arms, including placebo, were headache, nasopharyngitis, cough, upper respiratory tract infection, and back pain. COPD exacerbation was the most common serious adverse event reported. In addition, in the four pivotal COPD studies, a small imbalance was observed in cardiac ischemia which was not observed in the long term safety study.

The UMEC/VI clinical development programme involved over 6,000 COPD patients.

About COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a term referring to two lung diseases, chronic bronchitis and emphysema, that are characterized by obstruction to airflow that interferes with normal breathing. COPD is the third most common cause of death in the US and The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) estimates that nearly 15 million US adults have COPD and another 12 million are undiagnosed or developing COPD(1).

According to the NHLI, long-term exposure to lung irritants that damage the lungs and the airways are usually the cause of COPD and in the United States, the most common irritant that causes COPD is cigarette smoke. Breathing in second hand smoke, air pollution, or chemical fumes or dust from the environment or workplace also can contribute to COPD. Most people who have COPD are at least 40 years old when symptoms begin.

Theravance Announces FDA Advisory Committee to Review ANORO(TM) ELLIPTA(TM) (UMEC/VI) for COPD


umeclidinium bromide

vilanterol

Theravance Announces FDA Advisory Committee to Review ANORO(TM) ELLIPTA(TM) (UMEC/VI) for COPD

SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, CA — 08/01/13 –Theravance, Inc.  today announced that on September 10, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee will discuss the new molecular entity New Drug Application (NDA) 203975 for umeclidinium bromide and vilanterol dry powder for inhalation (proposed trade name ANORO™ ELLIPTA™), sponsored by Glaxo Group (d/b/a GSK) for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The advanced display of the Federal Register notice on the advisory committee can be found at:http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2013-18633_PI.pdf

UMEC/VI is a combination of two investigational bronchodilator molecules — GSK573719 or umeclidinium bromide (UMEC), a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and vilanterol (VI), a long-acting beta2 agonist (LABA), administered using the ELLIPTA™ inhaler. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) goal date is December 18, 2013. UMEC/VI is in development under the LABA collaboration agreement between Glaxo Group Limited and Theravance, Inc.

About Theravance

Theravance is a biopharmaceutical company with a pipeline of internally discovered product candidates and strategic collaborations with pharmaceutical companies. Theravance is focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of small molecule medicines across a number of therapeutic areas including respiratory disease, bacterial infections, and central nervous system (CNS)/pain. Theravance’s key programs include: RELVAR™ ELLIPTA™ or BREO™ ELLIPTA™ (FF/VI), ANORO™ ELLIPTA™ (UMEC/VI) and MABA (Bifunctional Muscarinic Antagonist-Beta2 Agonist), each partnered with GlaxoSmithKline plc, and its oral Peripheral Mu Opioid Receptor Antagonist program. By leveraging its proprietary insight of multivalency to drug discovery, Theravance is pursuing a best-in-class strategy designed to discover superior medicines in areas of significant unmet medical need. For more information, please visit Theravance’s web site atwww.theravance.com.

THERAVANCE®, the Theravance logo, and MEDICINES THAT MAKE A DIFFERENCE® are registered trademarks of Theravance, Inc.

RELVAR™, BREO™, ANORO™ and ELLIPTA™ are trademarks of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies. The use of the brand names ANORO™ and RELVAR™ has not yet been approved by any regulatory authority.

FDA Approves Breo Ellipta to Treat Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)


fluticasone furoate

vilanterol

May 10, 2013 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Breo Ellipta (fluticasone furoate and vilanterol inhalation powder) for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. It is also approved to reduce exacerbations of COPD in patients with a history of exacerbations.

COPD is a serious lung disease that worsens over time. Symptoms can include chest tightness, chronic cough and excessive phlegm. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States.

Breo Ellipta works by decreasing inflammation in the lungs and helping the muscles around the airways of the lungs stay relaxed to increase airflow and reduce exacerbations in patients with COPD.

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