New Drug Approvals

Home » Posts tagged '英文名称'

Tag Archives: 英文名称

Advertisements
DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO .....FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE

Blog Stats

  • 2,593,059 hits

Flag and hits

Flag Counter

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,399 other followers

Follow New Drug Approvals on WordPress.com

Categories

Flag Counter

ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,399 other followers

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

Personal Links

Verified Services

View Full Profile →

Categories

Flag Counter
Advertisements

Nicox stock leaps on positive Ph III glaucoma drug data , 英文名称


latanoprostene bunod, 英文名称

4- (nitrooxy) butyl (5Z) -7 – {(1R, 2R, 3R, 5S) -3,5-dihydroxy-2 – [(3R) -3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl] cyclopentyl} hept-5- enoate
CAS No.860005-21-6
Formula C 27 H 41 NO 8

2D chemical structure of 860005-21-6

SEPTEMBER 25, 2014
Shares in France’s Nicox have soared on positive late-stage data for its glaucoma drug Vesneo, partnered with Valeant’s Bausch + Lomb.

The firms have published top-line results from the pivotal Phase 3 studies conducted with Vesneo (latanoprostene bunod) for the reduction of intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The drug is a nitric oxide-donating prostaglandin F2-alpha analog licensed by Nicox to Bausch + Lomb.

Read more at: http://www.pharmatimes.com/Article/14-09-25/Nicox_stock_leaps_on_positive_Ph_III_glaucoma_drug_data.aspx#ixzz3ETxo7SBd

prostaglandin nitrooxyderivatives, pharmaceutical compositions containing them and their use as drugs for treating glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Glaucoma is optic nerve damage, often associated with increased intraocular pressure (IOP), that leads to progressive, irreversible loss of vision. . Almost 3 million people in the United States and 14 million people worldwide have glaucoma; this is the third leading cause of blindness worldwide. Glaucoma occurs when an imbalance in production and drainage of fluid in the eye (aqueous humor) increases eye pressure to unhealthy levels. It is known that elevated IOP can be at least partially controlled by administering drugs which either reduce the production of aqueous humor within the eye or increase the fluid drainage, such as beta-blockers, α- agonists, ■ ‘ cholinergic agents, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, or prostaglandin analogs. . Several side effects are associated with the drugs conventionally used to treat glaucoma. . ■ Topical beta-blockers show serious pulmonary side effects, depression, fatigue,’ confusion, impotence, hair loss, heart failure and bradycardia. Topical -agonists have a fairly high incidence of allergic, .or toxic reactions; topical cholinergic agents (miotics) can cause visual side effects. The side effects associated with oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitors include fatigue, anorexia, depression, paresthesias and serum■ electrolyte abnormalities (The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, Seventeenth Edition, M. H. Beers and R. Berkow Editors, Sec. 8, Ch. 100) . Finally, the topical prostaglandin analogs (bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost and unoprostone) used in the treatment of glaucoma, can produce ocular side effects, such as increased pigmentation of the iris, ocular irritation, conjunctival hyperaemia, iritis, uveitis and macular oedema (Martindale, Thirty-third edition, p. 1.445) U.S. Pat. No. 3,922,293 describes monocarboxyacylates of prostaglandins F-type and their 15β isomers, at the C-9 position, and processes for preparing them; U.S. Pat. No. 6,417,228 discloses 13-aza prostaglandins having functional PGF receptor agonist activity and their use in treating glaucoma and ocular hypertension. WO 90/02553 discloses the use of prostaglandins derivatives of PGA, PGB, PGE and PGF, in which the omega chain contains a ring structure, for the treatment of glaucoma or ocular hypertension. WO 00/51978 describes novel nitrosated and/or nitrosylated prostaglandins, ‘ • in particular novel derivatives of PGEi, novel compositions and their use for treating sexual dysfunctions. • : U.S.- Pat. No. 5,625,083 discloses” ‘diriitroglycerol esters of prostaglandins which may be used as vasodilators, antihypertensive cardiovascular agents- or bronchodilators . U.S. Pat. No. 6,211,233 discloses compounds of the general formula A-Xι-N02, wherein A contains a ■■ – prostaglandin residue, .in ‘particular .PGEi, and Xi • is a bivalent connecting bridge; .’and their use fo ‘ treating impotence. It is an object of the present invention to provide new derivatives of prostaglandins able not only to eliminate or at least reduce the side ■ effects associated with these compounds, but also to possess an improved pharmacological activity. It has been surprisingly found that prostaglandin nitroderivatives have a significantly improved overall profile as compared to native, prostaglandins both in terms of -wider pharmacological .activity and enhanced tolerability. In particular, it has been recognized that the prostaglandin nitroderivatives of the present invention can be employed for treating glaucoma and ocular hypertension. The compounds of the present invention are indicated for the reduction of intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or with chronic angle- closure glaucoma who underwent peripheral iridotomy or laser iridoplasty.

 

 

 

Latanoprostene bunod

BOL303259 HDCurrently in Phase 3 clinical development with Nicox’s partner Bausch + Lomb

Latanoprostene bunod is a nitric oxide-donating prostaglandin F2-alpha analog in Phase 3 clinical development for the reduction of intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension. It was licensed to Bausch + Lomb by Nicox in March 2010

Bausch + Lomb initiated a global Phase 3 program for latanoprostene bunod (previously known as BOL-303259-X and NCX 116) in January 2013. This pivotal Phase 3 program includes two separate randomized, multicentre, double-masked, parallel-group clinical studies, APOLLO andLUNAR, designed to compare the efficacy and safety of latanoprostene bunod administered once daily (QD) with timolol maleate 0.5% administered twice daily (BID) in lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

The primary endpoint of both studies, which will include a combined total of approximately 800 patients, is the reduction in mean IOP measured at specified time points during three months of treatment. The Phase 3 studies are pivotal for U.S. registration and will be conducted in North America and Europe.

In July 2013, Bausch + Lomb initiated two additional studies in Japan: JUPITER (Phase 3) and KRONUS (Phase 1). A confirmatory efficacy study is expected to be required for the Japanese registration of latanoprostene bunod.

Phase 2b top-line results

A phase 2b study conducted by Bausch + Lomb with latanoprostene bunod met its primary efficacy endpoint and showed positive results on a number of secondary endpoints, including responder rate.
Bausch + Lomb conducted a randomized, investigator-masked phase 2b study to identify the most efficacious and safe dose of latanoprostene bunod for the reduction of IOP. The study enrolled 413 patients across 23 sites in the United States and Europe. Patients were randomized to receive either latanoprostene bunod (various concentrations) or latanoprost 0.005% once a day in the evening for 28 days.
The phase 2b study met its primary efficacy endpoint and showed positive results on a number of secondary endpoints. The primary efficacy endpoint was the reduction in mean diurnal IOP on day 28. Latanoprostene bunod consistently lowered IOP in a dose-dependent manner. All four doses tested showed greater IOP reduction compared with latanoprost 0.005%, with the differences for two of the four does reaching more than 1mmHg (statistical significance: p<0.01).
The most efficacious dose of latanoprostene bunod also showed positive results on a number of secondary endpoints, including consistently better control of IOP over 24 hours on day 28 as well as a statistically significant greater percentage of responders vs. latanoprost 0.005%, defined as patients achieving an IOP of 18mmHg or less. The responder rate was 68.7% for the most efficacious dose of latanoprostene bunod, compared to 47.5% for latanoprost 0.005% (p=0.006).
The safety of latanoprostene bunod was comparable to latanoprost. The most common adverse event was ocular hyperemia (red eye), which occurred at a similar rate across all treatment groups.

No new class of drugs has come to market for treating glaucoma since 1996, when the FDA approved the first prostaglandin analogue, latanoprost (Xalatan). That could change soon: Experts who follow drug development are hopeful that we’re on the brink of reaping the benefits of years of research.

“It’s been a decade and a half and counting since we’ve had new class of drugs to treat glaucoma. We’ve had formulary improvements and fixed combinations, but no novel agents,” said Louis B. Cantor, MD, at Indiana University. “We’ve gone through a long dry spell but are just beginning to see, in the last couple of years, exploration by pharma of some new types of drugs.” But, he added, “We don t know how well those will pan out.

The uncertainty about “panning out” involves both drug efficacy and marketplace issues. As Dr. Cantor said, “Prostaglandin analogues are pretty effective. For a company to go into the investment of developing a new class of drugs for glaucoma, they have to be better than prostaglandin analogues.

Andrew G. Iwach, MD, at the University of California, San Francisco, agreed: “This is a unique time period for glaucoma medications in that we have very good drugs, usually well tolerated. And they’ve gone generic. That’s important, because having such strong generic contenders out there makes it harder for drug companies to try to introduce new molecules into this arena. Specifically, the prostaglandin analogues have set a high bar. It’s hard to compete with them.

Given this barrier, what are the marketplace incentives for development? Sheer numbers, for a start: Ten thousand people a day turn 65, and this rate will continue for 18 years, Dr. Cantor said. “The number of people who are going to need treatment for glaucoma has already begun to increase substantially.

Even more important, “Despite all the advances, our medical therapy fails not only for compliance reasons, but just fails,” Dr. Cantor said. “We need to continue to have new alternatives for treatment that are more effective, that last longer, and that have simple dosing requirements.

Thus, any new drug that makes it from the bench to the clinic will be a welcome addition. “Obviously, we want new and better therapies. We still have no cure for glaucoma. And while half of all patients are treatable with one drug, half are not. So we still need additional therapies to treat glaucoma,” said Gary D. Novack, PhD, president of Pharmalogic Development.

……………………….

http://www.google.com/patents/EP1704141A1?cl=en

EXAMPLE 1 Synthesis of [1R- [l (Z) , 2α (R*) , 3α, 5α] ] -7- [3, 5-dihydroxy-2- (3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl) cyclopentyl] -5-heptenoic acid 4- (nitrooxy) butyl ester (compound 1)

I Synthetic Pathway ONO,

MW 72.11 MW 153.02 MW 198.02

MW 390.51 MW 507.62

II EXPERIMENTAL II.1 Preparation of 4-bromobutanol

Tetrahydrofuran (12.5 g – 173 mmol) was charged under nitrogen in a reactor cooled to 5-10 °C. Hydrogen bromide (7.0 g. – 86.5 mmol) was then added slowly and the reaction ■medium was stirred over a period of 4.5 hours at 5-10°C. The mixture was diluted with 22.5 g of cold water and the pH of this solution was adjusted to pH=5-7 by adding 27.65% sodium hydroxide (2.0 g) keeping the temperature at 5-10 °C. The solution was then extracted twice with dichloromethane (13.25 g) . The combined organic phases were washed with -25% brine (7.5 g) , adjusted to pH=6-7 with 27.65% sodium hydroxide and dried over magnesium sulfate. Dichloromethane was distilled off and crude 4-bromobutanol (10.3 g – 66.9 mmol) was obtained in a yield of about 77%. II.2 Preparation of 4-bromobutyl nitrate

In reactor cooled to -5 to 5°C, nitric acid fuming (8.5 g – 135 mmol) was slowly added to a solution of 98% sulfuric acid (13.0 g – 130 mmol) in dichloromethane (18.0 g – 212 mmol). 4-bromobutanol (10.2 g – 66.6 mmol) was then added to this mixture and the reaction medium was stirred at -5 to 5°C over a period of 2-5 hours. The mixture was poured into cold water (110 g) keeping the temperature between -5 °C and 3°C. After decantation, the upper aqueous phase was extracted with dichloromethane and the combined organic phases were washed with water, adjusted to pH=6-7 by addition of 27.65% sodium hydroxide, washed with brine and dried over magnesium sulfate. Dichloromethane was distilled off under vacuum and crude 4-bromobutyl nitrate (12.7 g – 64.1 mmol) was recovered in a yield of about 96%.

II.3 Preparation of [1R- [lα-(Z) , 2β (R*) , 3α, 5α] ] -7- [3, 5- dihydroxy-2- (3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentyl) cyclopentyl] -5- heptenoic acid 4- (nitrooxy) butyl ester

Latanoprost acid (97.7%, S-isomer <1%) (213mg, 0.54 mmol) was dis.solved in 5.0 g anhydrous DMF. K2C03 (206′ mg, 1.49 mmol), KI (77 mg, 0.46 mmol) and 4-bromobutylnitrate (805 mg, .25% w/w in methylene chloride, 1.02 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was heated and stirred on a rotary evaporator at 45-50°C. fter 1.5. hour, TLC (Si, CH2Cl2-MeOH, 5%) showed -no – starting acid. . . .. The reaction mixture was diluted with 100 ml ethyl acetate, washed with brine (3 x 50 ml), dried over MgS04 and evaporated to give yellowish oil (420 mg) .

5 1H NMR/13C NMR showed target molecule as a major product together with some starting 4-bromobutylnitrate and DMF. HPLC showed no starting acid. Residual solvent, 4- bromobutylnitrate and target ester were the main peaks. Butylnitrate ester showed similar UV spectrum as0 latanoprost and relative retention time was as expected.

Instrument: Bruker 300 MHz Solvent : CDC13 -5 H-NMR (CDC13) δ: 7.29-7.19 (5H, m, Ar) ; 5.45 (IH, m. CH=CH) ; 5.38 (IH, m, CH=CH) ;. 4.48 (2H, t, CH2-ON02) ; 4.18 (IH, m, CH-OH); 4.10 (2H, t, C00CH2) ; 3.95 (IH, m, CH-OH); 3.68 (IH, m, CH-OH); 2.87-2.60 (2H, ) ; 2.35 (2H, t) ; 2.25 (2H,m) ; 2.13 (2H,m) ; 1.90-1.35 (16H, m) .0 13C-NMR (CDCI3) ppm: 173.94 (C=0) ; 142.14; 129.55 (C5); 129.50 (C6) ; 128.50; 125.93 78.80 (Cu) ; 74.50 (C9) ; 72.70 (C-0N02) ; 71.39 (Ci5) ; 63.57; 52.99 (C12) 51.99 (C8); 41.30 (C10) ; 39.16 (Ci6) ; 33.66; 32.21; 29.73; 27.04; 26.70;5 25.04; 24.91; 23.72; 15.37.

 

October 2013 Feature
Trabecular meshwork structure. The colors in this drawing delineate the layers of the TM.
October 2013 Feature
Hyperemia. A side effect that emerged in trials of ROCK inhibitors is hyperemia; researchers are exploring different strategies to reduce it.
Advertisements

ScinoPharm to Provide Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient 英文名称 Burixafor to F*TaiGen for Novel Stem Cell Drug


英文名称Burixafor

TG-0054

(2-{4-[6-amino-2-({[(1r,4r)-4-({[3-(cyclohexylamino)propyl]amino}methyl)cyclohexyl]methyl}amino)pyrimidin-4-yl]piperazin-1-yl}ethyl)phosphonic acid

[2-[4-[6-Amino-2-[[[trans-4-[[[3-(cyclohexylamino)propyl]amino]methyl]cyclohexyl]methyl]amino]pyrimidin-4-yl]piperazin-1-yl]ethyl]phosphonic acid

1191448-17-5

C27H51N8O3P, 566.7194

chemokine CXCR 4 receptor antagonist;

 

Taigen Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

ScinoPharm to Provide Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient to F*TaiGen for Novel Stem Cell Drug
MarketWatch
The drug has received a Clinical Trial Application from China’s FDA for the initiation of … In addition, six products have entered Phase III clinical trials.

read at

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/scinopharm-to-provide-active-pharmaceutical-ingredient-to-ftaigen-for-novel-stem-cell-drug-2014-06-08

2D chemical structure of 1191448-17-5

TAINAN, June 8, 2014  — ScinoPharm Taiwan, Ltd. (twse:1789) specializing in the development and manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients, and TaiGen Biotechnology (4157.TW; F*TaiGen) jointly announced today the signing of a manufacturing contract for the clinical supply of the API of Burixafor, a new chemical entity discovered and developed by TaiGen. The API will be manufactured in ScinoPharm’s plant in Changshu, China. This cooperation not only demonstrates Taiwan’s international competitive strength in new drug development, but also sees the beginning of a domestic pharmaceutical specialization and cooperation mechanisms, thus establishing a groundbreaking milestone for Taiwan’s pharmaceutical industry.

Dr. Jo Shen, President and CEO of ScinoPharm said, “This cooperation with TaiGen is of representative significance in the domestic pharmaceutical companies’ upstream and downstream cooperation and self-development of new drugs, and indicates the Taiwanese pharmaceutical industry’s cumulative research and development momentum is paving the way forward.” Dr. Jo Shen emphasized, “ScinoPharm’s Changshu Plant provides high-quality API R&D and manufacturing services through its fast, flexible, reliable competitive advantages, effectively assisting clients of new drugs in gaining entry into China, Europe, the United States, and other international markets.”

According to Dr. Ming-Chu Hsu, Chairman and CEO of TaiGen, “R&D is the foundation of the pharmaceutical industry. Once a drug is successfully developed, players at all levels of the value chain could reap the benefit. Burixafor is a 100% in-house developed product that can be used in the treatment of various intractable diseases. The cooperation between TaiGen and ScinoPharm will not only be a win-win for both sides, but will also provide high-quality novel dug for patients from around the world.”

Burixafor is a novel stem cell mobilizer that can efficiently mobilize bone marrow stem cells and tissue precursor cells to the peripheral blood. It can be used in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, chemotherapy sensitization and other ischemic diseases. The results of the ongoing Phase II clinical trial in the United States are very impressive. The drug has received a Clinical Trial Application from China’s FDA for the initiation of a Phase II clinical trial in chemotherapy sensitization under the 1.1 category. According to the pharmaceutical consultancy company JSB, with only stem cell transplant and chemotherapy sensitizer as the indicator, Burixafor’s annual sales are estimated at USD1.1 billion.

ScinoPharm currently has accepted over 80 new drug API process research and development plans, of which five new drugs have been launched in the market. In addition, six products have entered Phase III clinical trials. Through the Changshu Plant’s operation in line with the latest international cGMP plant equipment and quality management standards, the company provides customers with one stop shopping services in professional R&D, manufacturing, and outsourcing, thereby shortening the customer development cycle of customers’ products and accelerating the launch of new products to the market.

TaiGen’s focus is on the research and development of novel drugs. Besides Burixafor, the products also include anti-infective, Taigexyn®, and an anti-hepatitis C drug, TG-2349. Taigexyn® is the first in-house developed novel drug that received new drug application approval from Taiwan’s FDA. TG-2349 is intended for the 160 million global patients with hepatitis C with huge market potential. TaiGen hopes to file one IND with the US FDA every 3-4 years to expand TaiGen’s product line.

About ScinoPharm

ScinoPharm Taiwan, Ltd. is a leading process R&D and API manufacturing service provider to the global pharmaceutical industry. With research and manufacturing facilities in both Taiwan and China, ScinoPharm offers a wide portfolio of services ranging from custom synthesis for early phase pharmaceutical activities to contract services for brand companies as well as APIs for the generic industry. For more information, please visit the Company’s website at http://www.scinopharm.com

About TaiGen Biotechnology

TaiGen Biotechnology is a leading research-based and product-driven biotechnology company in Taiwan with a wholly-owned subsidiary in Beijing, China. The company’s first product, Taigexyn®, have already received NDA approval from Taiwan’s FDA. In addition to Taigexyn®, TaiGen has two other in-house discovered NCEs in clinical development under IND with US FDA: TG-0054, a chemokine receptor antagonist for stem cell transplantation and chemosensitization, in Phase 2 and TG-2349, a HCV protease inhibitor for treatment of chronic hepatitis infection, in Phase 2. Both TG-0054 and TG-2349 are currently in clinical trials in patients in the US.

SOURCE ScinoPharm Taiwan Ltd.

TG-0054 is a potent and selective chemokine CXCR4 (SDF-1) antagonist in phase II clinical studies at TaiGen Biotechnology for use in stem cell transplantation in cancer patients. Specifically, the compound is being developed for the treatment of stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and myocardial ischemia.

Preclinical studies had also been undertaken for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy, critical limb ischemia (CLI) and age-related macular degeneration. In a mouse model, TG-0054 efficiently mobilizes stem cells (CD34+) and endothelial progenitor cells (CD133+) from bone marrow into peripheral circulation.

 

BACKGROUND

Chemokines are a family of cytokines that regulate the adhesion and transendothelial migration of leukocytes during an immune or inflammatory reaction (Mackay C.R., Nat. Immunol, 2001, 2:95; Olson et al, Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol, 2002, 283 :R7). Chemokines also regulate T cells and B cells trafficking and homing, and contribute to the development of lymphopoietic and hematopoietic systems (Ajuebor et al, Biochem. Pharmacol, 2002, 63:1191). Approximately 50 chemokines have been identified in humans. They can be classified into 4 subfamilies, i.e., CXC, CX3C, CC, and C chemokines, based on the positions of the conserved cysteine residues at the N-terminal (Onuffer et al, Trends Pharmacol ScI, 2002, 23:459). The biological functions of chemokines are mediated by their binding and activation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) on the cell surface.

Stromal-derived factor- 1 (SDF-I) is a member of CXC chemokines. It is originally cloned from bone marrow stromal cell lines and found to act as a growth factor for progenitor B cells (Nishikawa et al, Eur. J. Immunol, 1988, 18:1767). SDF-I plays key roles in homing and mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells (Bleul et al, J. Exp. Med., 1996, 184:1101; and Gazzit et al, Stem Cells, 2004, 22:65-73). The physiological function of SDF-I is mediated by CXCR4 receptor. Mice lacking SDF-I or CXCR4 receptor show lethal abnormality in bone marrow myelopoiesis, B cell lymphopoiesis, and cerebellar development (Nagasawa et al, Nature, 1996, 382:635; Ma et al, Proc. Natl. Acad. ScI, 1998, 95:9448; Zou et al, Nature, 1998, 393:595; Lu et al, Proc. Natl. Acad. ScI, 2002, 99:7090). CXCR4 receptor is expressed broadly in a variety of tissues, particularly in immune and central nervous systems, and has been described as the major co-receptor for HIV- 1/2 on T lymphocytes. Although initial interest in CXCR4 antagonism focused on its potential application to AIDS treatment (Bleul et al, Nature, 1996, 382:829), it is now becoming clear that CXCR4 receptor and SDF-I are also involved in other pathological conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and tumor metastases (Buckley et al., J. Immunol., 2000, 165:3423). Recently, it has been reported that a CXCR4 antagonist and an anticancer drug act synergistically in inhibiting cancer such as acute promuelocutic leukemia (Liesveld et al., Leukemia

Research 2007, 31 : 1553). Further, the CXCR4/SDF-1 pathway has been shown to be critically involved in the regeneration of several tissue injury models. Specifically, it has been found that the SDF-I level is elevated at an injured site and CXCR4-positive cells actively participate in the tissue regenerating process.

………………………………………………………………………..

 

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2009131598A1?cl=en

 

Compound 52

Example 1 : Preparation of Compounds 1

 

1-1 1-Ii 1-m

^ ^–\\ Λ xCUNN H ‘ ‘22.. P rdu/’C^ ^. , Λ>\V>v

Et3N, TFAA , H_, r [ Y I RRaanneeyy–NNiicckkeell u H f [ Y | NH2

CH2CI2, -10 0C Boc^ ‘NNA/ 11,,44–ddιιooxxaannee B Boocer”1^”–^^ LiOH, H2O, 50 0C

1-IV 1-V

Water (10.0 L) and (BoC)2O (3.33 kgg, 15.3 mol) were added to a solution of trans-4-aminomethyl-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (compound 1-1, 2.0 kg, 12.7 mol) and sodium bicarbonate (2.67 kg, 31.8 mol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. The aqueous layer was acidified with concentrated hydrochloric acid (2.95 L, pH = 2) and then filtered. The resultant solid was collected, washed three times with water (15 L), and dried in a hot box (60 0C) to give trα/?5-4-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino-methyl)-cyclo-hexanecarboxylic acid (Compound l-II, 3.17 kg, 97%) as a white solid. Rf = 0.58 (EtOAc). LC-MS m/e 280 (M+Na+). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.58 (brs, IH), 2.98 (t, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.25 (td, J = 12, 3.3 Hz, IH), 2.04 (d, J= 11.1 Hz, 2H), 1.83 (d, J= 11.1 Hz, 2H), 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.35-1.50 (m, 3H), 0.89-1.03 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 181.31, 156.08, 79.12, 46.41, 42.99, 37.57, 29.47, 28.29, 27.96. M.p. 134.8-135.0 0C. A suspension of compound l-II (1.0 kg, 3.89 mol) in THF (5 L) was cooled at

-10 0C and triethyl amine (1.076 L, 7.78 mol) and ethyl chloroformate (0.441 L, 4.47 mol) were added below -10 0C. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled at -10 0C again and NH4OH (3.6 L, 23.34 mol) was added below -10 0C. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours and filtered. The solid was collected and washed three times with water (10 L) and dried in a hot box (6O0C) to give trans-4- (tert-butoxycarbonyl-amino-methyl)-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid amide (Compound l-III, 0.8 kg, 80%) as a white solid. Rf= 0.23 (EtOAc). LC-MS m/e 279, M+Na+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD) δ 6.63 (brs, IH), 2.89 (t, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.16 (td, J = 12.2, 3.3 Hz, IH), 1.80-1.89 (m, 4H), 1.43 (s, 9H), 1.37-1.51 (m, 3H), 0.90-1.05 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CD3OD) δ 182.26, 158.85, 79.97, 47.65, 46.02, 39.28, 31.11, 30.41, 28.93. M.p. 221.6-222.0 0C.

A suspension of compound l-III (1.2 kg, 4.68 mol) in CH2Cl2 (8 L) was cooled at -1O0C and triethyl amine (1.3 L, 9.36 mol) and trifluoroacetic anhydride (0.717 L, 5.16 mol) were added below -10 0C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. After water (2.0 L) was added, the organic layer was separated and washed with water (3.0 L) twice. The organic layer was then passed through silica gel and concentrated. The resultant oil was crystallized by methylene chloride. The crystals were washed with hexane to give £rαns-(4-cyano-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Compound 1-IV, 0.95 kg, 85%) as a white crystal. Rf = 0.78 (EtOAc). LC-MS m/e 261, M+Na+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.58 (brs, IH), 2.96 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.36 (td, J= 12, 3.3 Hz, IH), 2.12 (dd, J= 13.3, 3.3 Hz, 2H), 1.83 (dd, J = 13.8, 2.7 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.47-1.63 (m, 3H), 0.88-1.02 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 155.96, 122.41, 79.09, 45.89, 36.92, 29.06, 28.80, 28.25, 28.00. M.p. 100.4~100.6°C.

Compound 1-IV (1.0 kg, 4.196 mol) was dissolved in a mixture of 1 ,4-dioxane (8.0 L) and water (2.0 L). To the reaction mixture were added lithium hydroxide monohydrate (0.314 kg, 4.191), Raney-nickel (0.4 kg, 2.334 mol), and 10% palladium on carbon (0.46 kg, 0.216 mol) as a 50% suspension in water. The reaction mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere at 5O0C for 20 hours. After the catalysts were removed by filtration and the solvents were removed in vacuum, a mixture of water (1.0 L) and CH2Cl2 (0.3 L) was added. After phase separation, the organic phase was washed with water (1.0 L) and concentrated to give £rα/?s-(4-aminomethyl- cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert- butyl ester (compound 1-V, 0.97 kg, 95%) as pale yellow thick oil. Rf = 0.20 (MeOH/EtOAc = 9/1). LC-MS m/e 243, M+H+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.67 (brs, IH), 2.93 (t, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.48 (d, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H), 1.73-1.78 (m, 4H), 1.40 (s, 9H), 1.35 (brs, 3H), 1.19-1.21 (m, IH), 0.77-0.97 (m, 4H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 155.85, 78.33, 48.27, 46.38, 40.80, 38.19, 29.87, 29.76, 28.07. A solution of compound 1-V (806 g) and Et3N (1010 g, 3 eq) in 1-pentanol

(2.7 L) was treated with compound 1-VI, 540 g, 1 eq) at 900C for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. Ethyl acetate (1.5 L) was added to the reaction mixture at 25°C. The solution was stirred for 1 hour. The Et3NHCl salt was filtered. The filtrate was then concentrated to 1.5 L (1/6 of original volume) by vacuum at 500C. Then, diethyl ether (2.5 L) was added to the concentrated solution to afford the desired product 1-VII (841 g, 68% yield) after filtration at 250C .

A solution of intermediate 1-VII (841 g) was treated with 4 N HCl/dioxane (2.7 L) in MeOH (8.1 L) and stirred at 25°C for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated to 1.5 L (1/7 of original volume) by vacuum at 500C. Then, diethyl ether (5 L) was added to the solution slowly, and HCl salt of 1-VIII (774 g) was formed, filtered, and dried under vacuum (<10 torr). For neutralization, K2CO3 (2.5 kg, 8 eq) was added to the solution of HCl salt of 1-VIII in MeOH (17 L) at 25°C. The mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 3 hours (pH > 12) and filtered (estimated amount of 1-VIII in the filtrate is 504 g). Aldehyde 1-IX (581 g, 1.0 eq based on mole of 1-VII) was added to the filtrate of 1-VIII at 0-100C. The reaction was stirred at 0-100C for 3 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. Then, NaBH4 (81 g, 1.0 eq based on mole of 1-VII) was added at less than 100C and the solution was stirred at 10-150C for Ih. The solution was concentrated to get a residue, which then treated with CH2Cl2 (15 L). The mixture was washed with saturated aq. NH4Cl solution (300 mL) diluted with H2O (1.2 L). The CH2Cl2 layer was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (short column, EtOAc as mobile phase for removing other components; MeOH/28% NH4OH = 97/3 as mobile phase for collecting 1-X) afforded crude 1-X (841 g). Then Et3N (167 g, leq) and BoC2O (360 g, leq) were added to the solution of

1-X (841 g) in CH2Cl2 (8.4 L) at 25°C. The mixture was stirred at 25°C for 15 hours. After the reaction was completed as evidenced by TLC, the solution was concentrated and EtOAc (5 L) was added to the resultant residue. The solution was concentrated to 3L (1/2 of the original volume) under low pressure at 500C. Then, n-hexane (3 L) was added to the concentrated solution. The solid product formed at 500C by seeding to afford the desired crude product 1-XI (600 g, 60% yield) after filtration and evaporation. To compound 1-XI (120.0 g) and piperazine (1-XII, 50.0 g, 3 eq) in 1- pentanol (360 niL) was added Et3N (60.0 g, 3.0 eq) at 25°C. The mixture was stirred at 1200C for 8 hours. Ethyl acetate (480 mL) was added to the reaction mixture at 25°C. The solution was stirred for Ih. The Et3NHCl salt was filtered and the solution was concentrated and purified by silica gel (EtOAc/MeOH = 2:8) to afforded 1-XIII (96 g) in a 74% yield.

A solution of intermediate 1-XIII (100 mg) was treated with 4 N HCl/dioxane (2 mL) in CH2Cl2 (1 mL) and stirred at 25°C for 15 hours. The mixture was concentrated to give hydrochloride salt of compound 1 (51 mg). CI-MS (M+ + 1): 459.4

Example 2: Preparation of Compound 2

 

Compound 2 Intermediate 1-XIII was prepared as described in Example 1.

To a solution of 1-XIII (120 g) in MeOH (2.4 L) were added diethyl vinyl phosphonate (2-1, 45 g, 1.5 eq) at 25°C. The mixture was stirred under 65°C for 24 hours. TLC and HPLC showed that the reaction was completed. The solution was concentrated and purified by silica gel (MeOH/CH2Cl2 = 8/92) to get 87 g of 2-11 (53% yield, purity > 98%, each single impurity <1%) after analyzing the purity of the product by HPLC.

A solution of 20% TFA/CH2C12 (36 mL) was added to a solution of intermediate 2-11 (1.8 g) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 15 hours at room temperature and concentrated by removing the solvent to afford trifluoracetic acid salt of compound 2 (1.3 g). CI-MS (M+ + 1): 623.1

Example 3 : Preparation of Compound 3

TMSBr H H

s U

Intermediate 2-11 was prepared as described in Example 2. To a solution of 2-11 (300 g) in CH2Cl2 (1800 mL) was added TMSBr (450 g, 8 eq) at 10-150C for 1 hour. The mixture was stirred at 25°C for 15 hours. The solution was concentrated to remove TMSBr and solvent under vacuum at 400C.

CH2Cl2 was added to the mixture to dissolve the residue. TMSBr and solvent were removed under vacuum again to obtain 36O g crude solid after drying under vacuum (<1 torr) for 3 hours. Then, the crude solid was washed with 7.5 L IPA/MeOH (9/1) to afford compound 3 (280 g) after filtration and drying at 25°C under vacuum (<1 torr) for 3 hours. Crystallization by EtOH gave hydrobromide salt of compound 3 (19Og). CI-MS (M+ + 1): 567.0.

The hydrobromide salt of compound 3 (5.27 g) was dissolved in 20 mL water and treated with concentrated aqueous ammonia (pH=9-10), and the mixture was evaporated in vacuo. The residue in water (30 mL) was applied onto a column (100 mL, 4.5×8 cm) of Dowex 50WX8 (H+ form, 100-200 mesh) and eluted (elution rate, 6 mL/min). Elution was performed with water (2000 mL) and then with 0.2 M aqueous ammonia. The UV-absorbing ammonia eluate was evaporated to dryness to afford ammonia salt of compound 3 (2.41 g). CI-MS (M+ + 1): 567.3.

The ammonia salt of compound 3 (1.5 g) was dissolved in water (8 mL) and alkalified with concentrated aqueous ammonia (pH=l 1), and the mixture solution was applied onto a column (75 mL, 3×14 cm) of Dowex 1X2 (acetate form, 100-200 mesh) and eluted (elution rate, 3 mL/min). Elution was performed with water (900 mL) and then with 0.1 M acetic acid. The UV-absorbing acetic acid eluate was evaporated, and the residue was codistilled with water (5×50 mL) to afford compound 3 (1.44 g). CI-MS (M+ + 1): 567.4. Example 4: Preparation of Compound 4

 

Compound 4

Intermediate 1-XIII was obtained during the preparation of compound 1. To a solution of diethyl vinyl phosphonate (4-1, 4 g) in CH2Cl2 (120 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (15.5 g, 5 eq) and the mixture was stirred at 300C for 36 hours. The mixture were concentrated under vacuum on a rotatory evaporated to give quantitatively the corresponding phosphochloridate, which was added to a mixture of cyclohexyl amine (4-II, 5.3 g, 2.2 eq), CH2Cl2 (40 mL), and Et3N (6.2 g, 2.5 eq). The mixture was stirred at 35°C for 36 hours, and then was washed with water. The organic layer was dried (MgSO4), filtered, and evaporated to afford 4-III (4.7 g, 85% yield) as brown oil.

Compound 4-III (505 mg) was added to a solution of intermediate 1-XIII (500 mg) in MeOH (4 mL). The solution was stirred at 45°C for 24 hours. The solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc/ MeOH = 4: 1) to afford intermediate 4-IV (420 mg) in a 63% yield.

A solution of HCl in ether (5 mL) was added to a solution of intermediate 4- IV (420 mg) in CH2Cl2 (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 12 hours at room temperature and concentrated by removing the solvent. The resultant residue was washed with ether to afford hydrochloride salt of compound 4 (214 mg). CI-MS (M+ + 1): 595.1

Preparation of compound 51

 

TMSBr

Intermediate l-II was prepared as described in Example 1. To a suspension of the intermediate l-II (31.9 g) in toluene (150 mL) were added phosphorazidic acid diphenyl ester (51-1, 32.4 g) and Et3N (11.9 g) at 25°C for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was stirred at 800C for 3 hours and then cooled to 25°C. After benzyl alcohol (51-11, 20 g) was added, the reaction mixture was stirred at 800C for additional 3 hours and then warmed to 1200C overnight. It was then concentrated and dissolved again in EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was collected. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with 2.5 N HCl, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 and brine, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue thus obtained was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc/Hexane = 1 :2) to give Intermediate 51-111 (35 g) in a 79% yield. A solution of intermediate 51-111 (35 g) treated with 4 N HCl/dioxane (210 rnL) in MeOH (350 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. After ether (700 mL) was added, the solution was filtered. The solid was dried under vacuum. K2CO3 was added to a suspension of this solid in CH3CN and ώo-propanol at room temperature for 10 minutes. After water was added, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours, filtered, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, and concentrated. The resultant residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using CH2Cl2 and MeOH as an eluant) to give intermediate 51-IV (19 g) in a 76% yield. Intermediate 1-IX (21 g) was added to a solution of intermediate 51-IV (19 g) in CH2Cl2 (570 mL). The mixture was stirred at 25°C for 2 hours. NaBH(OAc)3 (23 g) was then added at 25°C overnight. After the solution was concentrated, a saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution was added to the resultant residue. The mixture was then extracted with CH2Cl2. The solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and MeOH as an eluant) to afford intermediate 51-V (23.9 g) in a 66% yield.

A solution of intermediate 51-V (23.9 g) and BoC2O (11.4 g) in CH2Cl2 (200 mL) was added to Et3N (5.8 mL) at 25°C for overnight. The solution was then concentrated and the resultant residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and Hexane as an eluant) to give intermediate 51-VI (22 g) in a 77% yield.

10% Pd/C (2.2 g) was added to a suspension of intermediate 51-VI (22 g) in MeOH (44 mL). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature under hydrogen atmosphere overnight, filtered, and concentrated. The residue thus obtained was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and MeOH as an eluant) to afford intermediate 51-VII (16.5 g) in a 97% yield.

Intermediate 51-VII (16.5 g) and Et3N (4.4 mL) in 1-pentanol (75 mL) was allowed to react with 2,4-dichloro-6-aminopyrimidine (1-VI, 21 g) at 1200C overnight. The solvent was then removed and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and hexane as an eluant) to afford intermediate 51-VIII (16.2 g) in a 77% yield.

A solution of intermediate 51-VIII (16.2 g) and piperazine (1-XII, 11.7 g) in 1-pentanol (32 mL) was added to Et3N (3.3 mL) at 1200C overnight. After the solution was concentrated, the residue was treated with water and extracted with CH2Cl2. The organic layer was collected and concentrated. The residue thus obtained was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc/ MeOH to 28% NH40H/Me0H as an eluant) to afford Intermediate 51-IX (13.2 g) in a 75% yield. Diethyl vinyl phosphonate (2-1) was treated with 51-IX as described in

Example 3 to afford hydrobromide salt of compound 51. CI-MS (M+ + 1): 553.3

………………………………….

Preparation of Compound 1

 

 

Water (10.0 L) and (Boc)2O (3.33 kgg, 15.3 mol) were added to a solution of trans-4-aminomethyl-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (compound 1-I, 2.0 kg, 12.7 mol) and sodium bicarbonate (2.67 kg, 31.8 mol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. The aqueous layer was acidified with concentrated hydrochloric acid (2.95 L, pH=2) and then filtered. The resultant solid was collected, washed three times with water (15 L), and dried in a hot box (60° C.) to give trans-4-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino-methyl)-cyclo-hexanecarboxylic acid (Compound 1-II, 3.17 kg, 97%) as a white solid. Rf=0.58 (EtOAc). LC-MS m/e 280 (M+Na+). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.58 (brs, 1H), 2.98 (t, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.25 (td, J=12, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 2.04 (d, J=11.1 Hz, 2H), 1.83 (d, J=11.1 Hz, 2H), 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.35˜1.50 (m, 3H), 0.89˜1.03 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 181.31, 156.08, 79.12, 46.41, 42.99, 37.57, 29.47, 28.29, 27.96. M.p. 134.8˜135.0° C.

A suspension of compound 1-II (1.0 kg, 3.89 mol) in THF (5 L) was cooled at 10° C. and triethyl amine (1.076 L, 7.78 mol) and ethyl chloroformate (0.441 L, 4.47 mol) were added below 10° C. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled at 10° C. again and NH4OH (3.6 L, 23.34 mol) was added below 10° C. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours and filtered. The solid was collected and washed three times with water (10 L) and dried in a hot box (60° C.) to give trans-4-(tert-butoxycarbonyl-amino-methyl)-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid amide (Compound 1-III, 0.8 kg, 80%) as a white solid. Rf=0.23 (EtOAc). LC-MS m/e 279, M+Na+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD) δ 6.63 (brs, 1H), 2.89 (t, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.16 (td, J=12.2, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 1.80˜1.89 (m, 4H), 1.43 (s, 9H), 1.37˜1.51 (m, 3H), 0.90˜1.05 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CD3OD) δ 182.26, 158.85, 79.97, 47.65, 46.02, 39.28, 31.11, 30.41, 28.93. M.p. 221.6˜222.0° C.

A suspension of compound 1-III (1.2 kg, 4.68 mol) in CH2Cl2 (8 L) was cooled at 10° C. and triethyl amine (1.3 L, 9.36 mol) and trifluoroacetic anhydride (0.717 L, 5.16 mol) were added below 10° C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. After water (2.0 L) was added, the organic layer was separated and washed with water (3.0 L) twice. The organic layer was then passed through silica gel and concentrated. The resultant oil was crystallized by methylene chloride. The crystals were washed with hexane to give trans-(4-cyano-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tent-butyl ester (Compound 1-IV, 0.95 kg, 85%) as a white crystal. Rf=0.78 (EtOAc). LC-MS m/e 261, M+Na+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.58 (brs, 1H), 2.96 (t, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.36 (td, J=12, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 2.12 (dd, J=13.3, 3.3 Hz, 2H), 1.83 (dd, J=13.8, 2.7 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.47˜1.63 (m, 3H), 0.88˜1.02 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 155.96, 122.41, 79.09, 45.89, 36.92, 29.06, 28.80, 28.25, 28.00. M.p. 100.4˜100.6° C.

Compound 1-IV (1.0 kg, 4.196 mol) was dissolved in a mixture of 1,4-dioxane (8.0 L) and water (2.0 L). To the reaction mixture were added lithium hydroxide monohydrate (0.314 kg, 4.191), Raney-nickel (0.4 kg, 2.334 mol), and 10% palladium on carbon (0.46 kg, 0.216 mol) as a 50% suspension in water. The reaction mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere at 50° C. for 20 hours. After the catalysts were removed by filtration and the solvents were removed in vacuum, a mixture of water (1.0 L) and CH2Cl2 (0.3 L) was added. After phase separation, the organic phase was washed with water (1.0 L) and concentrated to give trans-(4-aminomethyl-cyclohexylmethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (compound 1-V, 0.97 kg, 95%) as pale yellow thick oil. Rf=0.20 (MeOH/EtOAc=9/1). LC-MS m/e 243, M+H+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.67 (brs, 1H), 2.93 (t, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.48 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 1.73˜1.78 (m, 4H), 1.40 (s, 9H), 1.35 (brs, 3H), 1.19˜1.21 (m, 1H), 0.77˜0.97 (m, 4H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 155.85, 78.33, 48.27, 46.38, 40.80, 38.19, 29.87, 29.76, 28.07.

A solution of compound 1-V (806 g) and Et3N (1010 g, 3 eq) in 1-pentanol (2.7 L) was treated with compound 1-VI, 540 g, 1 eq) at 90° C. for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed.

Ethyl acetate (1.5 L) was added to the reaction mixture at 25° C. The solution was stirred for 1 hour. The Et3NHCl salt was filtered. The filtrate was then concentrated to 1.5 L (1/6 of original volume) by vacuum at 50° C. Then, diethyl ether (2.5 L) was added to the concentrated solution to afford the desired product 1-VII (841 g, 68% yield) after filtration at 25° C.

A solution of intermediate 1-VII (841 g) was treated with 4 N HCl/dioxane (2.7 L) in MeOH (8.1 L) and stirred at 25° C. for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated to 1.5 L (1/7 of original volume) by vacuum at 50° C. Then, diethyl ether (5 L) was added to the solution slowly, and HCl salt of 1-VIII (774 g) was formed, filtered, and dried under vacuum (<10 ton). For neutralization, K2CO3 (2.5 kg, 8 eq) was added to the solution of HCl salt of 1-VIII in MeOH (17 L) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 3 hours (pH>12) and filtered (estimated amount of 1-VIII in the filtrate is 504 g).

Aldehyde 1-IX (581 g, 1.0 eq based on mole of 1-VII) was added to the filtrate of 1-VIII at 0-10° C. The reaction was stirred at 0-10° C. for 3 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. Then, NaBH4 (81 g, 1.0 eq based on mole of 1-VII) was added at less than 10° C. and the solution was stirred at 10-15° C. for 1 h. The solution was concentrated to get a residue, which then treated with CH2Cl2 (15 L). The mixture was washed with saturated aq. NH4Cl solution (300 mL) diluted with H2O (1.2 L). The CH2Cl2 layer was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (short column, EtOAc as mobile phase for removing other components; MeOH/28% NH4OH=97/3 as mobile phase for collecting 1-X) afforded crude 1-X (841 g).

Then Et3N (167 g, 1 eq) and Boc2O (360 g, 1 eq) were added to the solution of 1-X (841 g) in CH2Cl2 (8.4 L) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 15 hours. After the reaction was completed as evidenced by TLC, the solution was concentrated and EtOAc (5 L) was added to the resultant residue. The solution was concentrated to 3 L (1/2 of the original volume) under low pressure at 50° C. Then, n-hexane (3 L) was added to the concentrated solution. The solid product formed at 50° C. by seeding to afford the desired crude product 1-XI (600 g, 60% yield) after filtration and evaporation.

To compound 1-XI (120.0 g) and piperazine (1-XII, 50.0 g, 3 eq) in 1-pentanol (360 mL) was added Et3N (60.0 g, 3.0 eq) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred at 120° C. for 8 hours. Ethyl acetate (480 mL) was added to the reaction mixture at 25° C. The solution was stirred for 1 h. The Et3NHCl salt was filtered and the solution was concentrated and purified by silica gel (EtOAc/MeOH=2:8) to afforded 1-XIII (96 g) in a 74% yield.

To a solution of 1-XIII (120 g) in MeOH (2.4 L) were added diethyl vinyl phosphonate (1-XIV, 45 g, 1.5 eq) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred under 65° C. for 24 hours. TLC and HPLC showed that the reaction was completed. The solution was concentrated and purified by silica gel (MeOH/CH2Cl2=8/92) to get 87 g of 1-XV (53% yield, purity>98%, each single impurity<1%) after analyzing the purity of the product by HPLC.

A solution of 20% TFA/CH2Cl2 (36 mL) was added to a solution of intermediate 1-XV (1.8 g) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 15 hours at room temperature and concentrated by removing the solvent to afford trifluoracetic acid salt of compound 1 (1.3 g).

CI-MS (M++1): 623.1.

(2) Preparation of Compound 2

 

 

Intermediate 1-XV was prepared as described in Example 1.

To a solution of 1-XV (300 g) in CH2Cl2 (1800 mL) was added TMSBr (450 g, 8 eq) at 10-15° C. for 1 hour. The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 15 hours. The solution was concentrated to remove TMSBr and solvent under vacuum at 40° C. CH2Cl2 was added to the mixture to dissolve the residue. TMSBr and solvent were removed under vacuum again to obtain 360 g crude solid after drying under vacuum (<1 torr) for 3 hours. Then, the crude solid was washed with 7.5 L IPA/MeOH (9/1) to afford compound 2 (280 g) after filtration and drying at 25° C. under vacuum (<1 ton) for 3 hours. Crystallization by EtOH gave hydrobromide salt of compound 2 (190 g). CI-MS (M++1): 567.0.

The hydrobromide salt of compound 2 (5.27 g) was dissolved in 20 mL water and treated with concentrated aqueous ammonia (pH=9-10), and the mixture was evaporated in vacuo. The residue in water (30 mL) was applied onto a column (100 mL, 4.5×8 cm) of Dowex 50WX8 (H+ form, 100-200 mesh) and eluted (elution rate, 6 mL/min). Elution was performed with water (2000 mL) and then with 0.2 M aqueous ammonia. The UV-absorbing ammonia eluate was evaporated to dryness to afford ammonia salt of compound 2 (2.41 g). CI-MS (M++1): 567.3.

The ammonia salt of compound 2 (1.5 g) was dissolved in water (8 mL) and alkalified with concentrated aqueous ammonia (pH=11), and the mixture solution was applied onto a column (75 mL, 3×14 cm) of Dowex 1×2 (acetate form, 100-200 mesh) and eluted (elution rate, 3 mL/min). Elution was performed with water (900 mL) and then with 0.1 M acetic acid. The UV-absorbing acetic acid eluate was evaporated, and the residue was codistilled with water (5×50 mL) to afford compound 2 (1.44 g). CI-MS (M++1): 567.4.

(3) Preparation of Compound 3

 

 

Intermediate 1-XIII was obtained during the preparation of compound 1.

To a solution of diethyl vinyl phosphonate (3-I, 4 g) in CH2Cl2 (120 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (15.5 g, 5 eq) and the mixture was stirred at 30° C. for 36 hours. The mixture were concentrated under vacuum on a rotatory evaporated to give quantitatively the corresponding phosphochloridate, which was added to a mixture of cyclohexyl amine (3-II, 5.3 g, 2.2 eq), CH2Cl2 (40 mL), and Et3N (6.2 g, 2.5 eq). The mixture was stirred at 35° C. for 36 hours, and then was washed with water. The organic layer was dried (MgSO4), filtered, and evaporated to afford 3-III (4.7 g, 85% yield) as brown oil.

Compound 3-III (505 mg) was added to a solution of intermediate 1-XIII (500 mg) in MeOH (4 mL). The solution was stirred at 45° C. for 24 hours. The solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc/MeOH=4:1) to afford intermediate 3-IV (420 mg) in a 63% yield.

A solution of HCl in ether (5 mL) was added to a solution of intermediate 3-IV (420 mg) in CH2Cl2 (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 12 hours at room temperature and concentrated by removing the solvent. The resultant residue was washed with ether to afford hydrochloride salt of compound 3 (214 mg).

CI-MS (M++1): 595.1.

(4) Preparation of Compound 4

 

 

Compound 4 was prepared in the same manner as that described in Example 2 except that sodium 2-bromoethanesulfonate in the presence of Et3N in DMF at 45° C. was used instead of diethyl vinyl phosphonate. Deportations of amino-protecting group by hydrochloride to afford hydrochloride salt of compound 4.

CI-MS (M++1): 567.3

(5) Preparation of Compound 5

 

 

Compound 5 was prepared in the same manner as that described in Example 2 except that diethyl-1-bromopropylphosphonate in the presence of K2CO3 in CH3CN was used instead of diethyl vinyl phosphonate.

CI-MS (M++1): 581.4

(6) Preparation of Compound 6

 

 

Compound 6 was prepared in the same manner as that described in Example 5 except that 1,4-diaza-spiro[5.5]undecane dihydrochloride was used instead of piperazine.

CI-MS (M++1): 649.5

(7) Preparation of Compound 7

 

 

Intermediate 1-II was prepared as described in Example 1.

To a suspension of the intermediate 1-II (31.9 g) in toluene (150 mL) were added phosphorazidic acid diphenyl ester (7-I, 32.4 g) and Et3N (11.9 g) at 25° C. for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 3 hours and then cooled to 25° C. After benzyl alcohol (7-II, 20 g) was added, the reaction mixture was stirred at 80° C. for additional 3 hours and then warmed to 120° C. overnight. It was then concentrated and dissolved again in EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was collected. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with 2.5 N HCl, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 and brine, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue thus obtained was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc/Hexane=1:2) to give Intermediate 7-III (35 g) in a 79% yield.

A solution of intermediate 7-III (35 g) treated with 4 N HCl/dioxane (210 mL) in MeOH (350 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. After ether (700 mL) was added, the solution was filtered. The solid was dried under vacuum. K2CO3 was added to a suspension of this solid in CH3CN and iso-propanol at room temperature for 10 minutes. After water was added, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours, filtered, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, and concentrated. The resultant residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using CH2Cl2 and MeOH as an eluant) to give intermediate 7-IV (19 g) in a 76% yield.

Intermediate 1-IX (21 g) was added to a solution of intermediate 7-IV (19 g) in CH2Cl2 (570 mL). The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 2 hours. NaBH(OAc)3 (23 g) was then added at 25° C. overnight. After the solution was concentrated, a saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution was added to the resultant residue. The mixture was then extracted with CH2Cl2. The solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and MeOH as an eluant) to afford intermediate 7-V (23.9 g) in a 66% yield.

A solution of intermediate 7-V (23.9 g) and Boc2O (11.4 g) in CH2Cl2 (200 mL) was added to Et3N (5.8 mL) at 25° C. for overnight. The solution was then concentrated and the resultant residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and Hexane as an eluant) to give intermediate 7-VI (22 g) in a 77% yield. 10% Pd/C (2.2 g) was added to a suspension of intermediate 7-VI (22 g) in MeOH (44 mL). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature under hydrogen atmosphere overnight, filtered, and concentrated. The residue thus obtained was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and MeOH as an eluant) to afford intermediate 7-VII (16.5 g) in a 97% yield.

Intermediate 7-VII (16.5 g) and Et3N (4.4 mL) in 1-pentanol (75 mL) was allowed to react with 2,4-dichloro-6-aminopyrimidine (1-VI, 21 g) at 120° C. overnight. The solvent was then removed and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc and hexane as an eluant) to afford intermediate 7-VIII (16.2 g) in a 77% yield.

A solution of intermediate 7-VIII (16.2 g) and piperazine (1-XII, 11.7 g) in 1-pentanol (32 mL) was added to Et3N (3.3 mL) at 120° C. overnight. After the solution was concentrated, the residue was treated with water and extracted with CH2Cl2. The organic layer was collected and concentrated. The residue thus obtained was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (using EtOAc/MeOH to 28% NH4OH/MeOH as an eluant) to afford Intermediate 7-IX (13.2 g) in a 75% yield.

Diethyl vinyl phosphonate (2-I) was treated with 7-IX as described in Example 3 to afford hydrobromide salt of compound 7.

CI-MS (M++1): 553.3

(8) Preparation of Compound 8

 

 

Cis-1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (8-I, 10 g) in THF (100 ml) was added oxalyl chloride (8-II, 15.5 g) at 0° C. and then DMF (few drops). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 15 hours. The solution was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in THF (100 ml). The mixture solution was added to ammonium hydroxide (80 ml) and stirred for 1 hour. The solution was concentrated and filtration to afford crude product 8-III (7.7 g).

Compound 8-III (7.7 g) in THF (200 ml) was slowly added to LiAlH4 (8.6 g) in THF (200 ml) solution at 0° C. The mixture solution was stirred at 65° C. for 15 hours. NaSO4.10H2O was added at room temperature and stirred for 1 hours. The resultant mixture was filtered to get filtrate and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in CH2Cl2 (100 ml). Et3N (27 g) and (Boc)2O (10 g) were added at room temperature. The solution was stirred for 15 h, and then concentrated to get resultant residue. Ether was added to the resultant residue. Filtration and drying under vacuum afforded solid crude product 8-IV (8.8 g).

A solution of compound 8-IV (1.1 g) and Et3N (1.7 g) in 1-pentanol (10 ml) was reacted with 2,4-dichloro-6-aminopyrimidine (1-VI, 910 mg) at 90° C. for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. Ethyl acetate (10 mL) was added to the reaction mixture at 25° C. The solution was stirred for 1 hour. The Et3NHCl salt was removed. The filtrate was concentrated and purified by silica gel (EtOAc/Hex=1:2) to afford the desired product 8-V (1.1 g, 65% yield).

A solution of intermediate 8-V (1.1 g) was treated with 4 N HCl/dioxane (10 ml) in MeOH (10 ml) and stirred at 25° C. for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated, filtered, and dried under vacuum (<10 ton). For neutralization, K2CO3 (3.2 g) was added to the solution of HCl salt in MeOH (20 ml) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 3 hours (pH>12) and filtered. Aldehyde 1-IX (759 mg) was added to the filtrate at 0-10° C. The reaction was stirred at 0-10° C. for 3 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. Then, NaBH4 (112 mg) was added at less than 10° C. and the solution was stirred at 10-15° C. for 1 hour. The solution was concentrated to get a residue, which was then treated with CH2Cl2 (10 mL). The mixture was washed with saturated NH4Cl (aq) solution. The CH2Cl2 layer was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (MeOH/28% NH4OH=97/3) to afford intermediate 8-VI (1.0 g, 66% yield).

Et3N (600 mg) and Boc2O (428 mg) were added to the solution of 8-VI (1.0 g) in CH2Cl2 (10 ml) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 15 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. The solution was concentrated and purified by chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc/Hex=1:1) to afford intermediate 8-VII (720 mg, 60% yield).

To a solution compound 8-VII (720 mg) and piperazine (1-XII, 1.22 g) in 1-pentanol (10 mL) was added Et3N (1.43 g) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred at 120° C. for 24 hours. TLC showed that the reaction was completed. Ethyl acetate (20 mL) was added at 25° C. The solution was stirred for 1 hour. The Et3NHCl salt was removed and the solution was concentrated and purified by silica gel (EtOAc/MeOH=2:8) to afford 8-VIII (537 mg) in 69% yield.

To a solution of 8-VIII (537 mg) in MeOH (11 ml) was added diethyl vinyl phosphonate (2-I, 201 mg) at 25° C. The mixture was stirred under 65° C. for 24 hours. TLC and HPLC showed that the reaction was completed. The solution was concentrated and purified by silica gel (MeOH/CH2Cl2=1:9) to get 8-IX (380 mg) in a 57% yield.

To a solution of 8-IX (210 mg) in CH2Cl2 (5 ml) was added TMSBr (312 mg) at 10-15° C. for 1 hour. The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 15 hours. The solution was concentrated to remove TMSBr and solvent under vacuum at 40° C., then, CH2Cl2 was added to dissolve the residue. Then TMSBr and solvent were further removed under vacuum and CH2Cl2 was added for four times repeatedly. The solution was concentrated to get hydrobromide salt of compound 8 (190 mg).

CI-MS (M++1): 566.9

ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO

THANKS AND REGARD’S
DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D
amcrasto@gmail.com

MOBILE-+91 9323115463
GLENMARK SCIENTIST ,  INDIA
web link
http://anthonycrasto.jimdo.com/

Congratulations! Your presentation titled “Anthony Crasto Glenmark scientist, helping millions with websites” has just crossed MILLION views.
アンソニー     安东尼   Энтони    안토니     أنتوني
join my process development group on google
you can post articles and will be administered by me on the google group which is very popular across the world
LinkedIn group
 
blogs are
 
shark

 

%d bloggers like this: