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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with AFRICURE PHARMA, ROW2TECH, NIPER-G, Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India as ADVISOR, earlier assignment was with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, as CONSUlTANT, Retired from GLENMARK in Jan2022 Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 32 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 32 PLUS year tenure till date Feb 2023, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 100 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 100 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 227 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 38 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 227 countries...... , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc He has total of 32 International and Indian awards

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RIVAROXABAN 利伐沙班 ريفاروكسابان Ривароксабан SPECTRAL VISIT

5-Chloro-N-{[(5S)-2-oxo-3-[4-(3-oxo-4-morpholinophenyl]oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl} thiophene-2-carboxamide
Molecular formula: C19H18ClN3O5S, MW435.9
CAS 366789-02-8
BAY 59-7939, XARELTO
Patent Expiration Date:
Feb 8, 2021(US7157456),
Dec 11, 2020(US7585860 and US7592339)
Originator and Manufacturer:Bayer
Marketer in the US: Johnson & Johnson
Sales: $1.3 billion  (2013)
Rivaroxaban (BAY 59-7939) is an oral anticoagulant invented and manufactured by Bayer;[3][4] in a number of countries it is marketed as Xarelto.[1] In the United States, it is marketed by Janssen Pharmaceutica.[5] It is the first available orally active direct factor Xa inhibitor. Rivaroxaban is well absorbed from the gut and maximum inhibition of factor Xa occurs four hours after a dose. The effects last approximately 8–12 hours, but factor Xa activity does not return to normal within 24 hours so once-daily dosing is possible.

In September 2008, Health Canada granted marketing authorization for rivaroxaban for the prevention of venous thromboembolism(VTE) in people who have undergone elective total hip replacement or total knee replacement surgery.[8]

In September 2008, the European Commission granted marketing authorization of rivaroxaban for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in adults undergoing elective hip and knee replacement surgery.[9]

On July 1, 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rivaroxaban for prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which may lead to pulmonary embolism (PE), in adults undergoing hip and knee replacement surgery.[5]

On November 4, 2011, the U.S. FDA approved rivaroxaban for stroke prophylaxis in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.

The drug compound having the adopted name “Rivaroxaban” has chemical name, 5-chloro-N-({(5S)-2-oxo-3-[4-(3-oxo-4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-l,3-oxazolidin-5- yljmethyl)-2-thiophenecarboxamide; and has the structural formula I,

Formula I
The commercial pharmaceutical product XARELTO® tablets, contains rivaroxaban as active ingredient. Rivaroxaban is a factor Xa inhibitor useful as oral anticoagulant. Rivaroxaban can be used for the prevention and treatment of various thromboembolic diseases, in particular of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), myocardial infract, angina pectoris and restenoses after angioplasty or aortocoronary bypass, cerebral stroke,

transitory ischemic attacks, and peripheral arterial occlusive diseases.

U.S. Patent No. 7, 157,456 describes Rivaroxaban and process for the preparation thereof. The process of US ‘456 for rivaroxaban involves reaction of 2-[(2S)-2-oxiranylmethyl]-lH-isoindole-l,3(2H)-dione with 4-(4-aminophenyl)-3-morpholinone to provide 2-((2R)-2-hydroxy-3- { [4-(3-oxo-4-morpholiny)phenyl]amino Jpropyl)- lH-isoindole- 1 ,3(2H)-dione, which on cyclization using Ν,Ν-carbonyl diimidazole to afford 2-({5S)-2-Oxo-3-[4-(3-oxo-4-morpholiny)phenyl]-l,3-oxazolidin-5-yl}methyl)-lH-isoindole-l,3(2H)-dione, which on reacted with methylamine followed by reaction with 5-chlorothiophene-2-carbonyl chloride to provide Rivaroxaban.

Various processes for the preparation of rivaroxaban, its intermediates, and related compounds are disclosed in U.S. Patent Nos. 7,585,860; 7,351,823, 7,816,355, and 8,101,609; patent application Nos. WO 2011/012321, WO 2012/156983, WO 2012/153155, WO 2013/053739, WO 2013/098833, WO 2013/156936, WO 2013/152168, WO 2013/120464, WO 2013/164833, US 2012/0283434 and US 2013/184457; and J. Med. Chem. 2005, 48, 5900-5908.




JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH v 35, issue 7, pg 400-4-1, 2011
An approach to the anticoagulant agent rivaroxaban via an isocyanate-oxirane cycloaddition promoted by MgI2.etherate
Chao Lia, Yingshuai Liua, Yongjun Zhangb and Xingxian Zhanga*
a College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, P. R. China
b Zhejiang Apeloa Medical Technology Co., Ltd, Dongyang 322118, P. R. China
A convergent and efficient synthesis of anticoagulant rivaroxaban was developed using the cycloaddition of commercially
available (R)-epichlorohydrin with 4-(morpholin-3-one)phenyl isocyanate catalysed by MgI2 etherate as the
key step, in 22% overall yield.
Keywords: (R)-epichlorohydrin, isocyanate, MgI2.etherate, rivaroxaban
* Correspondent. E-mail:
(Rivaroxaban) (1):1
rivaroxaban 1 (689 mg) in 88% yield, Rf = 0.30 (ethyl acetate), as a white solid,
m.p. 229.3–230.7 °C(lit.1, 230 °C).
[α]D20 = −37° (c = 0.5, DMSO) [lit.1, [α]D21 = –38°(c = 0.2985, DMSO)].
IR (KBr) (νmax /cm−1): 3343, 1724 (C=O), 1649(C=O), 1523, 1430, 808, 756
δH 3.60–3.62 (m, 2H), 3.71–3.73 (m,2H), 3.84–3.87 (dd, J = 6.5, 9.5 Hz, 1H), 3.96–3.98 (m, 2H), 4.20 (s,2H), 4.18–4.21 (m, 1H), 4.83–4.86 (m, 1H), 7.20 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H),7.41 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 2H), 7.56 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 2H), 7.69 (d, J = 4.0 Hz,1H), 8.99 (t, J = 5.5 Hz, 1H).
δC 42.19, 47.43, 49.00, 63.46, 67.71,71.30, 118.35, 125.92, 128.11, 128.43, 133.24, 136.48, 137.08,138.43, 154.08, 160.79, 165.95.
LIT REF 1=S. Roehrig, A. Straub, J. Pohlmann, T. Lampe, J. Pernerstorfer, K.Schlemmer, P. Reinemer and E. Perzborn, J. Med. Chem., 2005, 48, 5900.

ChemSpider 2D Image | Rivaroxaban | C19H18ClN3O5SFigure CN102786516AD00041


Chemical structures of linezolid (top) and rivaroxaban (bottom). The shared structure is shown in blue.

Rivaroxaban bears a striking structural similarity to the antibiotic linezolid: both drugs share the same oxazolidinone-derived core structure. Accordingly, rivaroxaban was studied for any possible antimicrobial effects and for the possibility of mitochondrial toxicity, which is a known complication of long-term linezolid use. Studies found that neither rivaroxaban nor its metabolites have any antibiotic effect against Gram-positive bacteria. As for mitochondrial toxicity, in vitro studies found the risk to be low




COSY NMR prediction 1
Predict 13C carbon NMR spectra


New patent WO-2015104605

Process for preparing rivaroxaban – comprising the reaction of a thioester compound and its salts with 4-{4-[(5S)-5-(aminomethyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]phenyl}morpholine-3-one.

Wockhardt Ltd

The synthesis of (II) via intermediate (I) is described (example 7, page 15)

4-{4-[(5S)-5-(Aminomethyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]phenyl}morpholine-3-one (formula III) is (I) and rivaroxaban is (II) (claim 1, page 16).

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of Rivaroxaban and its novel intermediates, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. The present invention provides novel intermediates, which may be useful for the preparation of Rivaroxaban or its pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. The process of preparation by using novel intermediate is very simple cost effective and may be employed at commercial scale. The product obtained by using novel intermediate yield the Rivaroxaban of purity 99% or more, when measured by HPLC. The present invention especially relates to a process for the preparation of Rivaroxaban from thioester of formula II, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R is leaving group.

process includes the step of , reacting thioester of formula IIA or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Formula IIA

front page image

with 4-{4-[(5S)-5-(aminomethyl)-2-oxo-l,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]phenyl}morpholine-3-one of formula III,

Formula III

Formula I

EXAMPLE 7: One pot process for Rivaroxaban

The triphenylphosphine (11.5g) and mercaptobenzothiazole disulphide (15.31g) were taken in methylene chloride and reaction mixture was stirred at 28°C -30°C for 1 hr. The 5-chlorothiophene-2-carboxylic acid (7.2g) and triethylamine (3.8 g) were added to the above reaction mixture. The reaction mixture is stirred at 0°C -25 °C for 1 hr. after 1 hr 4-{4-[(5S)-5-(aminomethyl)-2-oxo-l,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]phenyl}morpholine-3-one (lOg) and triethylamine (3.8g) were added. The resulting reaction mixture further stirred for 2 hrs. After completion of the reaction, water was added and stirred for 10 min. aqueous layer was separated and washed with methylene chloride. The organic layer was acidified to pH 6-7 with 2N hydrochloric acid and finally the organic layer was concentrated to get desired product. The product was purified and dried to yield Rivaroxaban.

Yield: 10.0 gm

Purity: 99.3 %

EXAMPLE 8: One pot process for Rivaroxaban

Exemplified procedure in example 7 with the replacement of solvent ethyl acetate and base potassium hydroxide were used to get the rivaroxaban.

EXAMPLE 9: One pot process for Rivaroxaban

Exemplified procedure in example 7 with the replacement of solvent acetonitile and base potassium carbonate were used, methylene chloride was added in the reaction mixture to extract the Rivaroxaban.


WO 01/47919 discloses ー species from 4_ (4_ aminophenyl) -3_ morpholinone (I) Preparation of rivaroxaban approach:


US 07/149522 discloses ー kind to 5_ chlorothiophenes _2_ carbonyl chloride (IV) is a method for preparing raw rivaroxaban in:

Figure CN102786516AD00051


Preparation 6 rivaroxaban implementation

Figure CN102786516AD00111

The 12.5 g (76.9 mmol) 5- chloro-thiophene-2-carboxylic acid was suspended in 35 g of toluene was heated to 80 で, at this temperature, a solution of 11.0 g (92.5 mmol) of thionyl chloride, reaction was continued for 30 min; then warmed to the boiling point of toluene was 120 ° C, and stirring was continued under reflux until cessation of gas; cooled to room temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove excess thionyl chloride and toluene to give 5-chloro-thiophene-2-carbonyl chloride;

The 11.6 g (37.0 mmol) 4- {4 – [(5S) -5- (aminomethyl) -2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl] phenyl} morpholin-3 -one hydrochloride was added 40ml of water, was added 4. 64 g (43 8 mmol.) Na2CO3 stirred and dissolved; then added 50 ml of toluene, was added dropwise at 10 ° C under the mixture, the mixture is 8. 0 g ( 44. 4 mmol) 5- chloro-thiophene-2-carbonyl chloride was dissolved in 15 ml of toluene, 20 min the addition was complete, then stirring was continued at room temperature, TLC monitoring progress of the reaction, 2 h after completion of the reaction; and the filter cake washed with water and washed with acetone to give a pale yellow solid 19. 6 g, used directly ko acid recrystallization, as a white solid 15. 2 g,

mp 227. 2 – 228. 1 ° C, [a] D21 = -38 2 ° (. c = 0. 30, DMS0), rivaroxaban yield of 94%, the total yield of 87.5% 0

 1H-NMR (DMSO) 8: 3. 61 (. 2 H, t, / = 5 4 Hz), 3. 71 (2 H, t, / = 5 4 Hz.), 3.85 (IH, m ), 3.97 (2 H, t, J = 4. 5 Hz), 4. 19 (3 ​​H, t, / = 7. 5 Hz), 4.84 (IH, m), 7. 19 (IH, d, / = 4. 2Hz), 7.40 (2 H, d, /=9.0 Hz), 7. 57 (2 H, t, /=9.0 Hz), 7. 69 (IH, d, J = 4. 19 Hz), 8. 96 (IH, t, / = 5. 7 Hz).



EXAMPLE 28 (preparation of rivaroxaban)

Figure imgf000038_0002

10 g of the salt prepared according to Example 18 were suspended in 75 ml of N- methylpyrolidone, the suspension was heated at 50°C, then 14 ml of triethylamine was added and the mixture was heated at 60°C. This was followed by addition of 15.7 ml of a solution of 5-chlorothiophene-2-carboxylic acid chloride in toluene (2.46 M) and the reaction mixture was stirred and heated at 55°C for 15 minutes, then slowly cooled below 30°C, 75 ml were added and the turbid solution was filtered. The clear filtrate was stirred at 50°C, which was followed by addition of 15 ml of water and 75 ml of ethanol and stirring for 1 hour under slow cooling. The separated product was filtered off, washed with water (15 ml, 60°C), ethanol (2 x 25 ml) and dried in vacuo. 9.1 g (yield 81%) of rivaroxaban in the form of an off-white powder with the melt, point of 229.5-231°C was obtained, HPLC 99.95%, content of the ( )-isomer below 0.03%.

1H NMR (250 MHz, DMSO-D6), δ (ppm): 3.61 (t, 2H, CH2); 3.71 (m, 2H, CH2); 3.85 and 4.19 (m, 2×1 H, CH2); 3.97 (m, 2H, CH2); 4.19 (s, 2H, CH2); 4.84 (pent, 1H, CH); 7.18 (d, 1H); 7.40 (m, 2H); 7.56 (m, 2H); 7.68 (d, 1H); 8.95 (bt, 1H, NH).

13C NMR (250 MHz, DMSO-D6), δ (ppm): 42.2; 47.4; 49.0; 63.4; 67.7; 71.3; 1 18.3; 125.9; 128.1 ; 128.4; 133.2; 136.4; 137.0; 138.4; 154.0; 160.8; 165.9.

MS (m/z): 436.0729 (M+H)+. ation)

Figure imgf000039_0001

The optical isomer of rivaroxaban with the (R)- configuration was obtained by a process analogous to Example 28 starting from the salt prepared according to Example 19. The yield was 76%, HPLC 99.90%, content of the (5)-isomer below 0.03%. The NMR and MS spectra were in accordance with Example 28.




5- chloro-thiophene-2-chloride by condensation, bromide, with 4- (4-amino-phenyl) -3-morpholinone cyclization reaction rivaroxaban, the following reaction scheme 😦 References : W02005068456, US20070149522, DE10300111)


Figure CN102702186AD00041

5- chloro-thiophene-2-chloride by condensation, oxidation, and 4- (4-amino-phenyl) -3-morpholinone cyclization reaction racemic rivaroxaban, since the epoxidation step is not give any stereoselectivity, the final chiral separation need to get rivaroxaban, the reaction scheme is as follows 😦 References: W0-0147919)


Figure CN102702186AD00051


4- (4- amino-phenyl) -3-morpholinone by condensation, cyclization, and potassium phthalimide after reaction with methyl chloroformate to give (S) -2 – hydroxy -3- (I, 3- dioxo – isoindoline-2-yl) propyl-4- (3-oxo –morpholino) phenyl carbamate, by condensation, methylamine and Ethanol action under profit rivaroxaban, the following reaction scheme (Ref: US20110034465):


Figure CN102702186AD00052


4- (4- amino-phenyl) -3-morpholinone (R) and – epichlorohydrin, in the DMF solvent phthalimide potassium salt was reacted with ammonia solution and then prepared to succeed amino compound, and 5-chloro-thiophene-2-chloride in pyridine catalyzed system benefit rivaroxaban, the following reaction scheme (Ref: W02009023233):


Figure CN102702186AD00053


4- (4- amino-phenyl) -3-morpholinone after condensation with (R) – epichlorohydrin, then the 5-chloro-thiophene-2-amide lithium chloride and tert-butyl the reaction of an alcohol potassium enrichment rivaroxaban, the following reaction scheme (Ref: US7816355):

Figure CN102702186AD00061


3-chloro-1,2-propanediol by cyclization, the reaction with phthalimide, then with 4- (4-aminophenyl) -3-morpholinone reaction, CDI and hydrazine to give 4- {4- [(5S) -5- (aminomethyl) -2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl] phenyl} morpholin-3-one under the influence, in pyridine and under the action of tetrahydrofuran and 5-chloro-thiophene-2-chloride benefit rivaroxaban, the following reaction scheme (Reference: Gutcait, A. et al Tetrahedron:.. Asymmetry 1996, 7 (6), 1641-1648 Roehrig, .. S. et al J. Med Chem 2005,48 (19), 5900-5908)..:


Figure CN102702186AD00062


Compound rivaroxaban Synthesis Example 7 formula (X), [0071] Example

[0072] Method One:


Figure CN102702186AD00112

[0074] The compound of formula (VIII) of (180mg, 0. 618mmol), Ni chloride (5mL) and tris ko amine (187mg,

I. 85mmol) added to the reaction flask, stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes, cooled to 0 ° C, a solution of 5-chloro-2-thiophene chloride (224mg, 1.24mm0l), stirred at room temperature overnight; after the completion of the reaction, spin dry, rinse with anhydrous alcohol ko, filtered, washed ko anhydrous alcohol three times to obtain a white solid product rivaroxaban (215mg, embodiments of the total yield of 7,8 80%).

[0075] 1H-Mffi (DMSC) JOOMHz, δ d m):…. 3 61 (t, 2H, J = 5 6Hz), 3. 71 (t, 2H, J = 5 2Hz), 3 89 ( m, 1H), 3. 97 (t, 2H, J = 4. 4Hz), 4. 20 (m, 3H), 4. 85 (m, 1H), 7. 18 (d, 1H, J = 4. 0Hz), 7. 40 (d, 2H, J = 8. 8Hz), 7. 56 (d, 2H, J = 8. 8Hz), 7. 73 (d, 1H, J = 4. 0Hz).

The method of writing is:


Figure CN102702186AD00113

[0078] The compound 5_ gas – oh -I- thiophene carboxylic acid (500mg, 3. 08mmol), MsCl (702mg, 6. 1 Bmmol) and sodium bicarbonate (. 517mg, 6 16mmol) was suspended in THF (20ml) in , heated to 60 ° C with stirring 45min, a large white suspension washed out; the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, the compound of formula VIII was added portionwise (800mg, 2 75mmol.), stirred for 5 hours, after completion of the reaction distilled THF, was added after the residue was cooled to room temperature, water (IOOml), at room temperature embrace Cheung 30min, filtered, and the filter cake washed with cold water, dried and added to a ko-ol (5ml) was heated at reflux for I hour. After cooling, stirred for 5 hours at room temperature After filtration to give the product of formula (X) of the compound rivaroxaban (719mg, 60%)


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RIVAROXABAN 5-Chloro-N-{[(5S) 2-oxo-3 [4-(3-oxo-4 …

32 mins ago – RIVAROXABAN 5-Chloro-N-{[(5S) 2-oxo-3 [4-(3-oxo-4-morpholinophenyl]oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl} thiophene-2-carboxamide (Rivaroxaban) (1):1 rivaroxaban 1

WO patent on Rivaroxaban, Wockhardt …

1 hour ago – WO patent on Rivaroxaban, Wockhardt Ltd Process for preparing rivaroxaban – comprising the reaction of a thioester compound and its salts

Rivaroxaban xtal 2005.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
phenyl]oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl} thiophene-2-carboxamide
Clinical data
Trade names Xarelto
AHFS/ Micromedex Detailed Consumer Information
Licence data EMA:Link, US FDA:link
  • AU:C
  • US:C (Risk not ruled out)
Legal status
Routes of
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 80% to 100%; Cmax = 2 – 4 hours (10 mg oral)[1]
Metabolism CYP3A4 , CYP2J2 and CYP-independent mechanisms[1]
Biological half-life 5 – 9 hours in healthy subjects aged 20 to 45[1][2]
Excretion 2/3 metabolized in liver and 1/3 eliminated unchanged[1]
CAS Registry Number 366789-02-8 
ATC code B01AX06
PubChem CID: 6433119
DrugBank DB06228 Yes
ChemSpider 8051086 Yes
Synonyms Xarelto, BAY 59-7939
Chemical data
Formula C19H18ClN3O5S
Molecular mass 435.882 g/mol

Rivaroxaban, a FXa inhibitor, is the active ingredient in XARELTO Tablets with the chemical name 5-Chloro-N-({(5S)-2-oxo-3-[4-(3-oxo-4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-1,3-oxazolidin-5­yl}methyl)-2-thiophenecarboxamide. The molecular formula of rivaroxaban is C19H18ClN3O5S and the molecular weight is 435.89. The structural formula is:

XARELTO (rivaroxaban) Structural Formula Illustration

Rivaroxaban is a pure (S)-enantiomer. It is an odorless, non-hygroscopic, white to yellowish powder. Rivaroxaban is only slightly soluble in organic solvents (e.g., acetone, polyethylene glycol 400) and is practically insoluble in water and aqueous media.

Each XARELTO tablet contains 10 mg, 15 mg, or 20 mg of rivaroxaban. The inactive ingredients of XARELTO are: croscarmellose sodium, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and sodium lauryl sulfate. Additionally, the proprietary film coating mixture used for XARELTO 10 mg tablets is Opadry® Pink and for XARELTO 15 mg tablets is Opadry® Red, both containing ferric oxide red, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 3350, and titanium dioxide, and for XARELTO 20 mg tablets is Opadry® II Dark Red, containing ferric oxide red, polyethylene glycol 3350, polyvinyl alcohol (partially hydrolyzed), talc, and titanium dioxide.



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