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FIGURE 1

CLOSANTEL

Closantel

57808-65-8

N-(5-chloro-4-((4-chlorophenyl)(cyano)methyl)-2-methylphenyl)-2-hydroxy-3,5-diiodobenzamide

MW 663.1,

C22H14Cl2I2N2O2
Closantel Sodium

Closantel Sodium

CAS NO. 61438-64-0

FORMULAC22H13Cl2I2N2O2.Na
M. WT685.06

Closantel

CAS Registry Number: 57808-65-8

CAS Name:N-[5-Chloro-4-[(4-chlorophenyl)cyanomethyl]-2-methylphenyl]-2-hydroxy-3,5-diiodobenzamide

Manufacturers’ Codes: R-31520

Trademarks: Flukiver (Janssen); Seponver (Ethnor)

Molecular Formula: C22H14Cl2I2N2O2, Molecular Weight: 663.07

Percent Composition: C 39.85%, H 2.13%, Cl 10.69%, I 38.28%, N 4.22%, O 4.83%

Literature References: Salicylanilide derivative. Prepn: M. A. C. Janssen, V. K. Sipido, BE839481eidem,US4005218 (1976, 1977 both to Janssen). Effectiveness against Taenia pisiformis in rabbits: R. A. F. Chevis et al.,Vet. Parasitol.7, 333 (1980); against Ancylostoma caninum: J. Guerrero et al.,J. Parasitol.68, 616 (1983); against Fasciola hepatica in sheep: B. E. Stromberg et al.,ibid.70, 446 (1984). Prolonged effect on Haemonchus contortus in sheep: C. A. Hall et al.,Res. Vet. Sci.31, 104 (1981). Acts by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation: H. Van den Bossche et al.,Arch. Int. Physiol. Biochim.87, 851 (1979); H. J. Kane et al.,Mol. Biochem. Parasitol.1, 347 (1980).

Properties: Crystals from methanol, mp 217.8°.

Melting point: mp 217.8°

Therap-Cat-Vet: Anthelmintic.

N-{5-chloro-4-[(4-chlorophenyl)(cyano)methyl]-2-methylphenyl}-2-hydroxy-3,5-diiodobenzamide is an aromatic amide resulting from the formal condensation of the carboxy group of 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid with the amino group of aniline substituted at positions 2, 4, and 5 by methyl, (4-chlorophenyl)(cyano)methyl, and methyl groups respectively. It is a nitrile, a member of phenols, an organoiodine compound, a monocarboxylic acid amide, an aromatic amide and a member of monochlorobenzenes.

Closantel is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic agent used against
    several species and developmental stages of trematodes, nematodes and
    arthropods.  The anti-trematode activity of closantel is mainly used
    against liver fluke.  The anti-nematode and anti-arthropod activity is
    especially used against those species which feed on blood or plasma. 

         The drug is widely used in sheep and cattle and can be used
    either parenterally (s.c. or i.m.) or orally for both prophylactic and
    therapeutic purposes and is available as drench, bolus and injectable
    formulations.  Closantel has also been combined with mebendazole and
    several other benzimidazoles in drench formulations for sheep and with
    levamisole in a bolus for cattle (Marsboom et al., 1989). 
    Closantel has not been evaluated previously by the Joint FAO/WHO
    Expert Committee on Food Additives.

PATENT

https://patents.google.com/patent/CN102180811B/en

Closantel sodium (Closantel Sodium) is a kind of very strong oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler, can suppress the mitochondrial phosphorylation process of polypide, nematode and insect etc. are contacted with blood circulation closely or sucking blood property worm all has and efficiently kills effect, be a kind of broad-spectrum de-worming medicine of efficient, low toxicity, it is huge on market a very large development potentiality.

And 4-chloro-phenyl–(the chloro-4-amino of 2–5-aminomethyl phenyl) cyano group methane is a kind of key intermediate for the synthesis of closantel sodium.But in prior art, the report of the synthetic method of relevant 4-chloro-phenyl–(the chloro-4-amino of 2–5-aminomethyl phenyl) cyano group methane is actually rare, is mainly the iron powder reducing synthetic method.As United States Patent (USP) (US4005218) relates to a kind of with the chloro-α of 4–[the chloro-4-of 2-(hydroxyl imido grpup)-5-methyl-2, the 5-phenylidene] benzyl cyanide (I) is raw material, with excessive iron powder, in ammonium chloride, water and toluene mixing solutions, heating reflux reaction, filter, clean filter cake with a large amount of solvents as tetrahydrofuran (THF) or 4-methyl-2 pentanone, filtrate boils off solvent, then adds the toluene recrystallization to obtain 4-chloro-phenyl–(the chloro-4-amino of 2–5-aminomethyl phenyl) cyano group methane (II).This reaction equation is:

But it is loaded down with trivial details that the shortcoming of the method is operating procedure, the supplementary material consumption is large, and, with producing a large amount of scrap iron powder after iron powder reducing, comparatively thickness, easily comprise product and impurity, and cost recovery is very high, and labour intensity is large, larger to the pollution effect of environment; And product yield and product quality lower.

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PATENTS

CN103054846

WO2015048718

US2015164934

WO2016038035

CN105687172

WO2018013890

WO2018210449

WO2019222349

CN111150725

CN112294793

///////CLOSANTEL, veterinary

CC1=CC(=C(C=C1NC(=O)C2=C(C(=CC(=C2)I)I)O)Cl)C(C#N)C3=CC=C(C=C3)Cl

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 PLUS year tenure till date June 2021, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 90 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 233 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 33 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 233 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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