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Delgocitinib

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2D chemical structure of 1263774-59-9

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Delgocitinib

デルゴシチニブ

3-[(3S,4R)-3-methyl-7-(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,7-diazaspiro[3.4]octan-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile

1,6-Diazaspiro(3.4)octane-1-propanenitrile, 3-methyl-beta-oxo-6-(7H-pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidin-4-yl)-, (3S,4R)-

3-((3S,4R)-3-methyl-6-(7H-pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,6-diazaspiro(3.4)octan-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile

Formula
C16H18N6O
CAS
1263774-59-9
Mol weight
310.3537

Approved, Japan 2020, Corectim, 2020/1/23, atopic dermatitis, Japan Tobacco (JT)
Torii

UNII-9L0Q8KK220, JTE-052, LP-0133, ROH-201, 9L0Q8KK220, LEO 124249ALEO 124249HY-109053

CS-0031558D11046GTPL9619JTE-052AJTE052

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Delgocitinib, also known as LEO-124249 and JTE052, is a potent and selective JAK inhibitor. JTE-052 reduces skin inflammation and ameliorates chronic dermatitis in rodent models: Comparison with conventional therapeutic agents. JTE-052 regulates contact hypersensitivity by downmodulating T cell activation and differentiation.

Delgocitinib is a JAK inhibitor first approved in Japan for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in patients 16 years of age or older. Japan Tobacco is conducting phase III clinical trials for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in pediatric patients. Leo is developing the drug in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, and chronic hand eczema and for the treatment of discoid lupus erythematosus. Rohto is evaluating the product in early clinical development for ophthalmologic indications.

In 2014, the drug was licensed to Leo by Japan Tobacco for the development, registration and marketing worldwide excluding Japan for treatment of inflammatory skin conditions. In 2016, Japan Tobacco licensed the rights of co-development and commercialization in Japan to Torii. In 2018, Japan Tobacco licensed the Japanese rights of development and commercialization to Rohto for the treatment of ophthalmologic diseases.

PATENTS

WO 2018117151
IN 201917029002

IN 201917029003

IN 201917029000

PATENTS

WO 2011013785

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2011013785A1/en

[Production Example 6]: Synthesis of Compound 6

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000103

(1) Optically active substance of 2-benzylaminopropan-1-ol

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000104

To a solution of (S)-(+)-2-aminopropan-1-ol (50.0 g) and benzaldehyde (74 ml) in ethanol (500 ml) was added 5% palladium carbon (5.0 g) at room temperature and normal pressure. Hydrogenated for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (111.2 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.34-7.27 (4H, m), 7.23-7.18 (1H, m), 4.53-4.47 (1H, m), 3.76 (1H, d, J = 13.5 Hz) , 3.66 (1H, d, J = 13.5 Hz), 3.29-3.24 (2H, m), 2.65-2.55 (1H, m), 1.99 (1H, br s), 0.93 (3H, d, J = 6.4 Hz) .

(2) Optically active substance of [benzyl- (2-hydroxy-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000105

To a mixture of optically active 2-benzylaminopropan-1-ol (111.2 g), potassium carbonate (111.6 g) and N, N-dimethylformamide (556 ml) cooled to 0 ° C., tert-butyl bromoacetate was added. Ester (109 ml) was added dropwise over 20 minutes and stirred at room temperature for 19.5 hours. The mixture was acidified to pH 2 by adding 2M aqueous hydrochloric acid and 6M aqueous hydrochloric acid, and washed with toluene (1000 ml). The separated organic layer was extracted with 0.1 M aqueous hydrochloric acid (300 ml). The combined aqueous layer was adjusted to pH 10 with 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (700 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water (900 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (500 ml). The separated aqueous layer was extracted again with ethyl acetate (400 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (160.0 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.37-7.26 (4H, m), 7.24-7.19 (1H, m), 4.26 (1H, dd, J = 6.9, 3.9 Hz), 3.76 (1H, d, J = 14.1 Hz), 3.68 (1H, d, J = 13.9 Hz), 3.45-3.39 (1H, m), 3.29-3.20 (1H, m), 3.24 (1H, d, J = 17.2 Hz), 3.13 ( 1H, d, J = 17.0 Hz), 2.84-2.74 (1H, m), 1.37 (9H, s), 0.96 (3H, d, J = 6.8 Hz).

(3) Optically active substance of [benzyl- (2-chloropropyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000106

(3)-(1) Optically active form of [benzyl- (2-chloro-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000107

To a solution of [benzyl- (2-hydroxy-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (160.0 g) cooled to 0 ° C. in chloroform (640 ml) was added thionyl chloride (50.0 ml). Was added dropwise and stirred at 60 ° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ° C., saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (1000 ml) and chloroform (100 ml) were added and stirred. The separated organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (500 ml), and the aqueous layer was extracted again with chloroform (450 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (172.9 g). 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 7.40-7.22 (5H, m), 4.05-3.97 (0.4H, m), 3.93-3.81 (2H, m), 3.70-3.65 (0.6H, m), 3.44- 3.38 (0.6H, m), 3.29 (0.8H, s), 3.27 (1.2H, d, J = 2.4 Hz), 3.24-3.15 (0.6H, m), 3.05-2.99 (0.4H, m), 2.94 -2.88 (0.4H, m), 1.50 (1.2H, d, J = 6.4 Hz), 1.48 (3.6H, s), 1.45 (5.4H, s), 1.23 (1.8H, d, J = 6.8 Hz) .

(3)-(2) Optically active form of [benzyl- (2-chloropropyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000108

[Benzyl- (2-chloro-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (172.9 g) was dissolved in N, N-dimethylformamide (520 ml) and stirred at 80 ° C. for 140 minutes. did. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ° C., water (1200 ml) was added, and the mixture was extracted with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (2/1, 1000 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water (700 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (400 ml), and the separated aqueous layer was extracted again with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (2/1, 600 ml). The combined organic layers were concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: n-hexane / ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 40/1) to give the title compound (127.0 g ) 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 7.37-7.29 (4H, m), 7.28-7.23 (1H, m), 4.05-3.97 (1H, m), 3.91 (1H, d, J = 13.5 Hz), 3.86 (1H, d, J = 13.7 Hz), 3.29 (2H, s), 3.03 (1H, dd, J = 13.9, 6.6 Hz), 2.91 (1H, dd, J = 13.9, 6.8 Hz), 1.50 (3H, d, J = 6.4 Hz), 1.48 (9H, s).

(4) Optically active substance of 1-benzyl-3-methylazetidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000109

To a solution of [benzyl- (2-chloropropyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (60.0 g) cooled to −72 ° C. and hexamethylphosphoramide (36.0 ml) in tetrahydrofuran (360 ml), Lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1.0 M tetrahydrofuran solution, 242 ml) was added dropwise over 18 minutes, and the temperature was raised to 0 ° C. over 80 minutes. A saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution (300 ml) and water (400 ml) were sequentially added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (500 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water (700 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (500 ml), and the separated aqueous layer was extracted again with ethyl acetate (300 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resulting residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: n-hexane / ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 4/1). To give the title compound (50.9 g). 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 7.34-7.21 (5H, m), 3.75 (1H, d, J = 12.6 Hz), 3.70-3.67 (1H, m), 3.58 (1H, d, J = 12.6 Hz ), 3.05-3.01 (1H, m), 2.99-2.95 (1H, m), 2.70-2.59 (1H, m), 1.41 (9H, s), 1.24 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz).

(5) Optically active substance of 3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000110

1-Benzyl-3-methylazetidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (43.5 g) and di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (38.2 g) in tetrahydrofuran / methanol (130 ml / 130 ml) solution 20% Palladium hydroxide carbon (3.5 g) was added thereto, and hydrogenated at 4 atm for 2 hours. The mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (48.0 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 4.44 (1H, d, J = 8.8 Hz), 3.99-3.77 (1H, m), 3.45-3.37 (1H, m), 3.00-2.88 (1H, m) , 1.45 (9H, s), 1.40-1.30 (9H, m), 1.02 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz).

(6) Optically active substance of 3-methyl-2- (3-methyl-but-2-enyl) -azetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000111

Optically active substance (48.0 g) of 3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester cooled to -69 ° C. and 1-bromo-3-methyl-2-butene (25.4 ml) Lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1.0 M tetrahydrofuran solution, 200 ml) was added to a tetrahydrofuran solution (380 ml). The reaction mixture was warmed to −20 ° C. in 40 minutes and further stirred at the same temperature for 20 minutes. A saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution (200 ml) and water (300 ml) were successively added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (1 / 1,500 ml). The separated organic layer was washed successively with water (200 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: n-hexane / ethyl acetate = 15/1 to 8/1) to give the titled compound (44.5 g). 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 5.29-5.21 (1H, m), 3.77-3.72 (1H, m), 3.49-3.44 (1H, m), 2.73-2.52 (3H, m), 1.76-1.74 ( 3H, m), 1.66-1.65 (3H, m), 1.51 (9H, s), 1.43 (9H, s), 1.05 (3H, d, J = 7.3 Hz).

(7) Optically active substance of 3-methyl-2- (2-oxoethyl) azetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000112

3-methyl-2- (3-methyl-but-2-enyl) -azetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester optically active substance (44.5 g) in chloroform / cooled to −70 ° C. An ozone stream was passed through the methanol solution (310 ml / 310 ml) for 1 hour. To this reaction mixture, a solution of triphenylphosphine (44.7 g) in chloroform (45 ml) was added little by little, and then the mixture was warmed to room temperature. To this mixture were added saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate solution (200 ml) and water (300 ml), and the mixture was extracted with chloroform (500 ml). The separated organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (95.0 g). This product was subjected to the next step without further purification. 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 9.65 (1H, t, J = 2.6 Hz), 3.79-3.74 (1H, m), 3.45-3.40 (1H, m), 2.99-2.80 (3H, m) , 1.46 (9H, s), 1.34 (9H, s), 1.06 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz).

(8) Optically active substance of 2- (2-benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000113

To a solution of the residue (95.0 g) obtained in (7) in tetrahydrofuran (300 ml) was added benzylamine (34 ml) at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The mixture was cooled to 0 ° C., sodium triacetoxyborohydride (83.3 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 hours. Water (300 ml) was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (1/3, 600 ml). The separated organic layer was washed with water (300 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), and then extracted twice with 5% aqueous citric acid solution (300 ml, 200 ml) and three times with 10% aqueous citric acid solution (250 ml × 3). . The combined aqueous layers were basified to pH 10 with 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with chloroform (300 ml). The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (46.9 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.34-7.26 (4H, m), 7.22-7.17 (1H, m), 3.74-3.65 (2H, m), 3.61 (1H, t, J = 7.8 Hz) , 3.28 (1H, t, J = 7.5 Hz), 2.76-2.66 (2H, m), 2.57-2.45 (1H, m), 2.15 (1H, br s), 2.05-1.89 (2H, m), 1.42 ( 9H, s), 1.27 (9H, s), 0.96 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz).

(9) Optically active substance of 2- (2-benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-2-dicarboxylic acid dihydrochloride

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000114

2- (2-Benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester optically active substance (46.5 g), 4M hydrochloric acid 1,4-dioxane (230 ml) and water (4.1 ml) was mixed and stirred at 80 ° C. for 2 hours. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, azeotroped with toluene, and then slurry washed with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (1/1, 440 ml) to give the title compound (30.1 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 10.24 (1H, br s), 9.64 (2H, br s), 8.90 (1H, br s), 7.58-7.53 (2H, m), 7.47-7.41 (3H , m), 4.21-4.10 (2H, m), 4.02-3.94 (1H, m), 3.46-3.37 (1H, m), 3.20-3.10 (1H, m), 2.99-2.85 (2H, m), 2.69 -2.54 (2H, m), 1.10 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz).

(10) Optically active substance of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octan-5-one

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000115

To a solution of 2- (2-benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-2-dicarboxylic acid dihydrochloride optically active substance (29.1 g) and N, N-diisopropylethylamine (65 ml) in chloroform (290 ml), At room temperature, O- (7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl) -N, N, N ′, N′-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (41.3 g) was added and stirred for 4 hours. To this reaction mixture were added saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (200 ml) and water (100 ml), and the mixture was extracted with chloroform (200 ml). The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: chloroform / methanol = 20/1 to 10/1) to give the titled compound (21.3 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.38-7.31 (2H, m), 7.30-7.22 (3H, m), 4.52 (1H, d, J = 14.8 Hz), 4.29 (1H, d, J = 14.8 Hz), 3.35-3.27 (2H, m), 3.22-3.17 (1H, m), 3.05 (2H, dd, J = 9.5, 4.0 Hz), 2.77-2.66 (1H, m), 2.16-2.10 (1H , m), 1.96-1.87 (1H, m), 0.94 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz).

(11) Optically active substance of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000116

Concentrated sulfuric acid (4.8 ml) was slowly added dropwise to a suspension of lithium aluminum hydride (6.8 g) in tetrahydrofuran (300 ml) under ice cooling, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. To this mixture was added dropwise a solution of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octan-5-one optically active substance (21.3 g) in tetrahydrofuran (100 ml) at the same temperature. Stir for 45 minutes. Water (7.0 ml), 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (7.0 ml) and water (14.0 ml) were sequentially added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred as it was for 30 minutes. To this mixture was added anhydrous magnesium sulfate and ethyl acetate (100 ml), and the mixture was stirred and filtered through celite. Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (23.4 g) was added to the filtrate at room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to a half volume and washed twice with a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution (200 ml × 2). N-Hexane (200 ml) was added to the separated organic layer, and the mixture was extracted 5 times with a 10% aqueous citric acid solution. The separated aqueous layer was basified with 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform / methanol = 40/1 to 20/1) to give the titled compound (15.6 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.34-7.27 (4H, m), 7.26-7.21 (1H, m), 3.84-3.69 (1H, m), 3.62-3.47 (2H, m), 3.19- 3.05 (1H, m), 3.02-2.92 (1H, m), 2.76-2.69 (1H, m), 2.47-2.24 (4H, m), 1.95-1.77 (1H, m), 1.36 (9H, s), 1.03 (3H, d, J = 7.0 Hz).

(12) Optically active substance of 3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000117

20% of optically active form of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (10.0 g) in tetrahydrofuran / methanol (50 ml / 50 ml) solution Palladium hydroxide on carbon (2.0 g) was added and hydrogenated at 4 atm for 24 hours. The mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (7.3 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 3.88-3.71 (1H, m), 3.44-3.06 (2H, m), 3.02-2.64 (4H, m), 2.55-2.38 (1H, m), 2.31- 2.15 (1H, m), 1.81-1.72 (1H, m), 1.37 (9H, s), 1.07 (3H, d, J = 7.0 Hz).

(13) Optical activity of 3-methyl-6- (7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidin-4-yl) -1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester body

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000118

The optically active substance (6.9 g) of 3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester was converted into 4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidine ( 4.3 g), potassium carbonate (7.7 g) and water (65 ml) and stirred for 4 hours at reflux. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, water (60 ml) was added, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform / methanol (10/1, 120 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water, saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. To this mixture, silica gel (4 g) was added, stirred for 10 minutes, filtered through celite, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: chloroform / ethyl acetate = 1/1, then chloroform / methanol = 50/1 to 20/1) to give the title compound (10.0 g). Obtained. 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 11.59 (1H, br s), 8.09 (1H, s), 7.12-7.09 (1H, m), 6.64-6.59 (1H, m), 4.09-3.66 (5H , m), 3.39-3.21 (1H, m), 2.64-2.44 (2H, m), 2.27-2.06 (1H, m), 1.36 (3H, s), 1.21 (6H, s), 1.11 (3H, d , J = 6.5 Hz).

(14) Optically active form of 4- (3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] oct-6-yl) -7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidine dihydrochloride

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000119

Optically active form of 3-methyl-6- (7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidin-4-yl) -1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (9 0.5 g), 4M hydrochloric acid 1,4-dioxane (50 ml), chloroform (50 ml) and methanol (100 ml) were mixed and stirred at 60 ° C. for 30 minutes. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and azeotroped with toluene to give the title compound (9.3 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 12.91 (1H, br s), 9.97-9.64 (2H, m), 8.45-8.35 (1H, m), 7.58-7.47 (1H, m), 7.04-6.92 (1H, m), 4.99-4.65 (1H, m), 4.32-3.21 (7H, m), 3.04-2.90 (1H, m), 2.46-2.31 (1H, m), 1.27 (3H, d, J = 6.0 Hz).

(15) 3- [3-Methyl-6- (7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidin-4-yl) -1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] oct-1-yl] -3-oxo Optically active form of propionitrile

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000120

4- (3-Methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] oct-6-yl) -7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidine dihydrochloride optically active substance (8.8 g) was converted to 1- The mixture was mixed with cyanoacetyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazole (6.8 g), N, N-diisopropylethylamine (20 ml) and 1,4-dioxane (100 ml) and stirred at 100 ° C. for 1 hour. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution was added, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform / methanol (10/1). The separated organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: chloroform / methanol = 30/1 to 9/1). The residue obtained by concentration under reduced pressure was slurry washed with n-heptane / ethanol (2/1, 90 ml) to obtain a solid (7.3 g). The solid was slurried again with n-heptane / ethanol (5/1, 90 ml) to give the title compound as crystals 1 (6.1 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 11.60 (1H, br s), 8.08 (1H, s), 7.11 (1H, dd, J = 3.5, 2.4 Hz), 6.58 (1H, dd, J = 3.4 , 1.9 Hz), 4.18-4.14 (1H, m), 4.09-3.93 (3H, m), 3.84-3.73 (1H, m), 3.71 (1H, d, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.66 (1H, d, J = 18.7 Hz), 3.58 (1H, dd, J = 8.2, 6.0 Hz), 2.70-2.58 (2H, m), 2.24-2.12 (1H, m), 1.12 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz). 
[Α] D = + 47.09 ° (25 ° C., c = 0.55, methanol)

1-Butanol (39 ml) was added to the obtained crystal 1 (2.6 g), and the mixture was heated and stirred at 100 ° C. After complete dissolution, the solution was cooled to room temperature by 10 ° C. every 30 minutes and further stirred at room temperature overnight. The produced crystals were collected by filtration, washed with 1-butanol (6.2 ml), and dried under reduced pressure to give crystals 2 (2.1 g) of the title compound.

PATENTS

WO 2017006968

WO 2018117152

WO 2018117151

PATENT

WO 2018117153

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/zh/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018117153&tab=FULLTEXT

Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are of current interest for the treatment of various diseases including autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancer. To date, two JAK inhibitors have been approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Ruxolitinib has been approved for the treatment of primary myelofibrosis and polycythemia vera (PV), and tofacitinib has been approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Other JAK inhibitors are in the literature. The compound 3-((3S,4R)-3-methyl-6-(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,6-diazaspiro[3.4]octan-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (Compound A) (see structure below) is an example of a spirocyclic JAK inhibitor reported in U.S. Pat. Pub. Nos. 2011/0136778 and International Pat. Pub. No. PCT/JP2016/070046.
[Chem. 1]

Step A. Preparation of S-MABB-HC (Compound [5])
[Chem. 2]

Step 1
[Chem. 3]
S-BAPO [1] (35.0 g, 212 mmol) was added to water (175 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. To the resulting suspension were added toluene (53 mL) and potassium carbonate (32.2 g, 233 mmol) at room temperature. To the resulting solution was added dropwise TBBA (434.4 g, 223 mmol) at room temperature, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (17 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 65°C for 21 hours, and then cooled to room temperature. After toluene (105 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The organic layer was washed with water (175 mL), aqueous layer was removed, and then the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Toluene (105 mL) was added to the residue and the toluene solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times to give a toluene solution of S-BBMO [2] (74.0 g, 212 mmol in theory). The given toluene solution of S-BBMO was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-BBMO which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.36-7.13 (5H, m), 4.26 (1H, dd, J = 6.8, 3.9 Hz), 3.72 (2H, dd, J = 14.2, 6.8 Hz), 3.47-3.38 (1H, m), 3.30-3.08 (3H, m), 2.79 (1H, sext, J = 6.8 Hz), 1.35 (9H, s), 0.96 (3H, d, J = 6.8 Hz).
MS: m/z = 280 [M+H] +

[0134]
Step 2
[Chem. 4]
To the toluene solution of S-BBMO [2] (74.0 g, 212 mmol) were added toluene (200 mL), tetrahydrofuran (35 mL), and then triethylamine (25.7 g, 254 mmol) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. To the mixture was added dropwise methanesulfonyl chloride (26.7 g, 233 mmol) at 0°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (10 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours and further at 65°C for 22 hours, and then cooled to room temperature. After sodium bicarbonate water (105 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The organic layer was washed with water (105 mL), aqueous layer was removed, and then the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Toluene (105 mL) was added to the residue, and the toluene solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times to give a toluene solution of R-BCAB [3] (75.3 g, 212 mmol in theory). The given toluene solution of R-BCAB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of R-BCAB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.28-7.11 (5H, m), 4.24-4.11 (1H, m), 3.80 (2H, d, J = 3.6 Hz), 3.24 (2H, d, J = 3.6 Hz), 2.98-2.78 (2H, m), 1.46-1.37 (12H, m).
MS: m/z = 298 [M+H] +

[0135]
Step 3
[Chem. 5]
To the toluene solution of R-BCAB [3] (75.3 g, 212 mmol) were added tetrahydrofuran (88.0 mL) and 1,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidinone (42.0 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. To the resulting solution was added dropwise a solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide /tetrahydrofuran (195 mL, 233 mmol) at 0°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (17.0 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour, and then warmed to room temperature. After water (175 mL) and toluene (175 mL) were added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with aqueous ammonium chloride (175 mL) and then water (175 mL), and the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Ethyl acetate (175 mL) was added to the residue and the ethyl acetate solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times to give an ethyl acetate solution of S-MABB [4] (66.5 g, 212 mmol in theory). The given ethyl acetate solution of S-MABB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-MABB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.28-7.25 (10H, m), 3.75 (1H, d, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.68 (1H, d, J = 1.4 Hz), 3.66 (1H, d, J = 6.7 Hz), 3.46 (2H, d, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.30-3.17 (2H, m), 2.95 (1H, dd, J = 6.2, 1.2 Hz), 2.77 (1H, dd, J = 6.1, 2.2 Hz), 2.65-2.55 (1H, m), 2.48-2.40 (2H, m), 1.35 (9H, s), 1.35 (9H, s), 1.12 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.09 (3H, d, J = 6.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 262 [M+H] +

[0136]
Step 4
[Chem. 6]
To the ethyl acetate solution of S-MABB [4] (66.5 g, 212 mmol in theory) were added ethyl acetate (175 mL) and active carbon (3.5 g) under nitrogen atmosphere, and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The active carbon was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with ethyl acetate (175 mL). The washings were added to the filtrate. To the solution was added S-MABB-HC crystal (17.5 mg) that was prepared according to the method described herein at 0°C, and then 4 M hydrogen chloride/ethyl acetate (53.0 mL, 212 mmol) was dropped thereto at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 17 hours, and then the precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with ethyl acetate (70 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give S-MABB-HC [5] (48.3 g, 162 mmol, yield: 76.4 %).
S-MABB-HC which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR, MS, and Cl-content.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.08 (1H, br s), 10.94 (1H, br s), 7.52-7.42 (10H, m), 5.34 (1H, t, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.90 (1H, br s), 4.45-4.10 (5H, m), 3.92-3.49 (3H, br m), 3.10-2.73 (2H, br m), 1.35 (9H, s), 1.29 (9H, s), 1.24 (3H, d, J = 6.7 Hz), 1.17 (3H, d, J = 7.4 Hz).
MS: m/z = 262 [M+H-HCl] +
Cl content (ion chromatography): 11.9 % (in theory: 11.9 %).

[0137]
Step B. Preparation of S-MACB-HC (Compound [6])
[Chem. 7]
To a solution of S-MABB-HC [5] (5.0 g, 16.8 mmol) in methanol (15.0 mL) was added 5 % palladium carbon (made by Kawaken Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., PH type, 54.1 % water-content 1.0 g) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction vessel was filled with hydrogen, the reaction mixture was stirred at hydrogen pressure of 0.4 MPa at room temperature for 12 hours, the hydrogen in the reaction vessel was replaced with nitrogen, and then the 5 % palladium carbon was removed by filtration. The reaction vessel and the 5 % palladium carbon were washed with methanol (10 mL). The washings were added to the filtrate to give a methanol solution of S-MACB-HC [6] (24.8 g, 16.8 mmol in theory). The given methanol solution of S-MACB-HC was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-MACB-HC which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 9.60 (br s, 1H), 4.97 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.01 (dd, 1H, J = 10.0, 8.4 Hz), 3.78-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.54 (dd, 1H, J = 9.6, 8.4 Hz), 3.35 (dd, 1H, J = 10.0, 6.0 Hz), 3.15-3.03 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.88 (m, 1H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.22 (d, 3H, J = 6.8 Hz), 1.14 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 172 [M+H] + (free form)

[0138]
Step C. Preparation of S-ZMAB (Compound [7])
[Chem. 8]
To the methanol solution of S-MACB-HC [6] (24.8 g, 16.8 mmol in theory) was added dropwise N,N-diisopropylethylamine (4.8 g, 36.9 mmol) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To the resulting reaction mixture was added dropwise benzyl chloroformate (3.0 g, 17.6 mmol) at 0°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour, and then the solvent was removed in vacuo. After toluene (25.0 mL) and an aqueous solution of citric acid (25.0 mL) was added to the residue and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with sodium bicarbonate water (25.0 mL) and then water (25.0 mL), and the solvent in the organic layer was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Toluene (15.0 mL) was added to the residue and the toluene solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated one more time to give a toluene solution of S-ZMAB [7] (6.9 g, 16.8 mmol in theory). The given toluene solution of S-ZMAB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-ZMAB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.38-7.28 (m, 10H), 5.16-5.04 (m, 4H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 4.18-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.04 (t, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 3.66 (dd, 1H, J = 7.6, 7.2 Hz), 3.50 (dd, 1H, J = 8.0, 5.2 Hz), 3.05-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.60-2.50 (m, 1H), 1.43 (br s, 18H), 1.33 (d, 3H, J = 6.5 Hz), 1.15 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 328 [M+Na] +.

[0139]
Step D. Preparation of RS-ZMBB (Compound [8])
[Chem. 9]
To the toluene solution of S-ZMAB [7] (6.9 g, 16.8 mmol) was added tetrahydrofuran (15.0 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. A solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide/tetrahydrofuran (14.7 mL, 17.6 mmol) was added dropwise to the toluene solution at -70°C. The used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at -70°C for 6 hours, and then a solution of TBBA (3.4 g, 17.6 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture at -70°C. The used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at -70°C for 1 hour, and then warmed to room temperature. To the reaction mixture were added an aqueous ammonium chloride (25 mL) and toluene (25 mL) and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with an aqueous solution of citric acid (25 mL, x 2), sodium bicarbonate water (25 mL), and then water (25 mL), and then the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Acetonitrile (15 mL) was added to the residue and the acetonitrile solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times. Acetonitrile (15 mL) and active carbon (0.25 g) were added to the residue, the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The active carbon was removed by filtration, and the reaction vessel and the residue on the filter was washed with acetonitrile (10 mL). The washings were added to the filtration, and then the filtration was concentrated in vacuo to give an acetonitrile solution of RS-ZMBB [8] (13.2 g, 16.8 mmol in theory). The given acetonitrile solution of RS-ZMBB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of RS-ZMBB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.38-7.29 (m, 5H), 5.09-4.96 (m, 2H), 3.91 (t, 0.4H, J = 8.0 Hz), 3.79 (t, 0.6H, J = 8.0 Hz), 3.55 (t, 0.4H, J = 7.2 Hz), 3.46 (t, 0.6H, J = 7.5 Hz), 3.14-3.04 (m, 1H), 2.83-2.72 (m, 2H), 1.38 (br s, 9H), 1.37 (br s, 3.6H), 1.34 (br s, 5.4H), 1.12-1.09 (m, 3H).
MS: m/z = 420 [M+H] +.

[0140]
Step E. Preparation of RS-ZMAA-DN . 2H 2 O (Compound [9])
[Chem. 10]
To the acetonitrile solution of RS-ZMBB [8] (13.2 g, 16.8 mmol in theory) was added acetonitrile (15 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. p-Toluenesulfonic acid mono-hydrate (6.4 g, 33.6 mmol) was added to the solution at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 12 hours, and then cooled to room temperature, and water (7.5 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C, and then 4 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide (17.6 mL, 70.5 mmol) was added dropwise thereto. After stirring the reaction mixture at room temperature for 1 hour, acetonitrile (75 mL) was added dropwise thereto at room temperature, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. The precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with a mixture of acetonitrile : water = 4 : 1 (10 mL) and then acetonitrile (10 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give RS-ZMAA-DN .2H 2O [9] (5.2 g, 13.4 mmol, yield: 85.4 %).
RS-ZMAA-DN .2H 2O which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR, MS, Na-content, and water-content.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.32-7.22 (m, 5H), 4.97 (d, 1H, J = 12.7 Hz), 4.84 (d, 1H, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.79 (t, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 3.29 (d, 1H, J = 14.8 Hz), 3.16-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.17-2.09 (m, 2H), 1.07 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).
MS: m/z = 352 [M+H] + (anhydrate)
Na content (ion chromatography): 13.3 % (after correction of water content)(13.1 % in theory)
Water content (Karl Fischer’s method): 9.8 % (9.3 % in theory)

[0141]
Step F. Preparation of RS-ZMAA (Compound [10])
[Chem. 11]
To 1 mol/L hydrochloric acid (180 mL) were added RS-ZMAA-DN .2H 2O [9] (30 g, 77.5 mmol) and acetonitrile (60 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 15 minutes. After ethyl acetate (240 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The organic layer was washed with 10 % brine (60 mL x 2). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (6 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with ethyl acetate (60 mL). The filtrate and the washings are combined, and the solvent was removed out in vacuo. Tetrahydrofuran (240 mL) was added to the residue and the tetrahydrofuran solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times. Tetrahydrofuran (60 mL) was added to the residue to give a tetrahydrofuran solution of RS-ZMAA [10]. The given tetrahydrofuran solution of RS-ZMAA was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
RS-ZMAA which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 7.35-7.28 (m, 5H), 5.06-4.94 (m, 2H), 3.86 (dt, 1H, J = 48.4, 7.9 Hz), 3.50 (dt, 1H, J = 37.9, 7.4 Hz), 3.16-3.02 (br m, 1H), 2.91-2.77 (br m, 2H), 1.08 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz)
MS: m/z = 308 [M+H] +.

[0142]
Step G. Preparation of RS-ZMOO (Compound [11])
[Chem. 12]
To the tetrahydrofuran solution of RS-ZMAA [10] (25.8 mmol in theory) was added tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. Boron trifluoride etherate complex (4.40 g) was added dropwise thereto at 0°C to 5°C. The used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To the reaction mixture was added dropwise 1.2 mol/L borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (43.0 mL) at 0°C to 5°C, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C to 5°C for about 30 minutes, and then further stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added dropwise 1.2 mol/L borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (21.1 mL) at 0°C to 5°C, and then the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After stirring, water (40 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture at 0°C to 15°C. To the reaction mixture was added sodium bicarbonate (5.42 g) at 0°C to 15°C. The sodium bicarbonate left in the vessel was washed with water (10 mL), and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours, and then toluene (50 mL) was added thereto and the reaction mixture was further stirred. The organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with 10 % brine (20 mL x 1), a mixture (x 3) of 5 % sodium bicarbonate water (20 mL) and 10 % brine (20 mL), a mixture (x 1) of 5 % aqueous potassium hydrogensulfate (10 mL) and 10 % brine (10 mL), and then 10 % brine (20 mL x 2). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (8.9 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with toluene (20 mL). The washings were added to the filtration, and then the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (80 mL). The solution was concentrated in vacuo, and toluene (15 mL) was added thereto to give a toluene solution of RS-ZMOO [11]. The given toluene solution of RS-ZMOO was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
RS-ZMOO which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.39-7.30 (m, 5H), 5.10 (s, 2H), 4.15-4.01 (br m, 2H), 3.83-3.73 (br m, 3H), 3.48 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 6.4 Hz), 2.59-2.50 (br m, 1H), 2.46-2.40 (br m, 1H), 2.07-1.99 (m, 1H), 1.14 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz)
MS: m/z = 280 [M+H]+.

[0143]
Step H. Preparation of RS-ZMSS (Compound [12])
[Chem. 13]
To the toluene solution of RS-ZMOO [11] (23.7 mmol in theory) was added toluene (55 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. And, triethylamine (5.27 g) was added dropwise thereto at -10°C to 10°C, and the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (1.8 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To this reaction mixture was added dropwise methanesulfonyl chloride (5.69 g) at -10°C to 10°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (1.8 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C to 10°C for about 2 hours, and then water (28 mL) was added dropwise thereto at 0°C to 20°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C to 20°C for about 30 minutes, and then, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed twice with 10 % brine (18 mL). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (2.75 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with toluene (18 mL). The washings were added to the filtrate, and then the solvent was removed from the filtrate in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene up to 18 mL to give a toluene solution of RS-ZMSS [12]. The given toluene solution of RS-ZMSS was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
RS-ZMSS which was prepared by the same process was measured by NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 7.37-7.27 (br m, 5H), 5.10-4.98 (m, 2H), 4.58-4.22 (br m, 4H), 3.84 (dt, 1H, J = 45.6, 8.1 Hz), 3.48-3.33 (br m, 1H), 3.17-3.10 (m, 6H), 2.81-2.74 (br m, 1H), 2.22-2.12 (m, 2H)
MS: m/z = 436 [M+H] +.

[0144]
Step I. Preparation of SR-ZMDB (Compound [13])
[Chem. 14]
To a toluene solution of RS-ZMSS [12] (23.7 mmol in theory) was added toluene (55 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. And, benzylamine (17.8 g) was added dropwise thereto at room temperature, and the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (9.2 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 1 hour, at 55°C to 65°C for about 3 hours, and then at 70°C to 80°C for 6 hours. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, 10 % NaCl (28 mL) was added dropwise thereto, and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 30 minutes. After toluene (37 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with a mixture (x 2) of 10 % brine (18 mL) and acetic acid (2.84 g), and then 10 % brine (11 mL, x 1). The solvent of the organic layer was removed in vacuo to a half volume, and acetic anhydride (1.45 g) was added to the concentrated residue at room temperature. The mixture was stirred for about 3 hours. To the reaction mixture were added dropwise a solution of potassium hydrogensulfate (3.87 g) and water (92 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred, and then the aqueous layer was separated out. The resulting aqueous layer was washed with toluene (18 mL), and toluene (73 mL) and then sodium bicarbonate (6.56 g) were added to the aqueous layer at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred. The organic layer was separated out, and washed with 10 % brine (11 mL). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (2.75 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration. The residue on the filter was washed with toluene (18 mL), and the washings were added to the filtrate, and then the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. Toluene (44 mL) was added to the concentrated residue to give a toluene solution of SR-ZMDB [13]. The given toluene solution of SR-ZMDB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.35-7.20 (m, 10H), 5.08 (d, 2H, J = 23.6 Hz), 3.94 (q, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz), 3.73-3.42 (br m, 2H), 3.30-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.05 (dd, 1H, J = 19.7, 9.5 Hz), 2.79 (dt, 1H, J = 69.6, 6.1 Hz), 2.57-2.32 (br m, 4H), 1.96-1.89 (m, 1H), 1.09 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz)
MS: m/z = 351 [M+H] +.

[0145]
Step J. Preparation of SR-MDOZ (Compound [14])
[Chem. 15]
To a solution of 1-chloroethyl chloroformate (3.72 g) in toluene (28 mL) was added dropwise the toluene solution of SR-ZMDB [13] (23.7 mmol in theory) at 0°C to 10°C under nitrogen atmosphere, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (4.6 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To the reaction mixture was added triethylamine (718 mg) at 0°C to 10°C, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 15°C to 25°C for about 2 hours. Then, methyl alcohol (46 mL) was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred at 50°C to 60°C for additional about 2 hours. The solvent of the reaction mixture was removed in vacuo to a volume of about less than 37 mL. To the concentrated residue was added dropwise 2 mol/L hydrochloric acid (46 mL) at 15°C to 20°C, and the mixture was stirred, and the aqueous layer was separated out. The resulting aqueous layer was washed with toluene (28 mL, x 2). To the aqueous layer were added 20 % brine (46 mL) and tetrahydrofuran (92 mL), and then 8 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide (18 mL) was added dropwise thereto at 0°C to 10°C. The organic layer was separated out from the reaction mixture, washed with 20 % brine (18 mL, x 2), and then the solvent of the organic layer was removed in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added tetrahydrofuran (92 mL), and the solution was concentrated in vacuo. The operation was repeated one more time. The concentrated residue was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (92 mL). The solution was stirred with magnesium sulfate (2.75 g), and the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration. The residue on the filter was washed with tetrahydrofuran (28 mL), the washings were added to the filtrate, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The volume of the concentrated residue was adjusted to about 20 mL with tetrahydrofuran to give a tetrahydrofuran solution of SR-MDOZ [14] (net weight: 4.01 g, 15.4 mol, yield: 65.0 %).
SR-MDOZ which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.37-7.28 (m, 5H), 5.08 (dd, 2H, J = 16.8, 12.8 Hz), 4.00 (dd, 1H, J = 17.1, 8.3 Hz), 3.40-3.31 (m, 1H), 3.24 (d, 1H, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.00 (dd, 1H, J = 54.9, 12.4 Hz), 2.87-2.57 (m, 3H), 2.47-2.27 (m, 1H), 1.91-1.80 (m, 1H), 1.14 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz)
MS: m/z = 261 [M+H] +.

[0146]
Step K. Preparation of SR-MDOZ-OX (Compound [15])
[Chem. 16]
Under nitrogen atmosphere, oxalic acid (761 mg) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (40 mL), and the tetrahydrofuran solution of SR-MDOZ [14] (3.84 mmol in theory) was added dropwise to the solution of oxalic acid at room temperature. To the solution was added SR-MDOZ-OX crystal (1 mg) that was prepared according to the method described herein at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 3.5 hours to precipitate the crystal. To the slurry solution was added dropwise the tetrahydrofuran solution of SR-MDOZ (3.84 mmol) at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 1 hour. The slurry solution was heated, and stirred at 50°C to 60°C for about 2 hours, and then stirred at room temperature overnight. The slurry solution was filtrated, and the wet crystal on the filter was washed with tetrahydrofuran (10 mL), dried in vacuo to give SR-MDOZ-OX [15] (2.32 g, 6.62 mol, yield: 86.2 %).
SR-MDOZ-OX which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR, MS, and elementary analysis.
1H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 7.37-7.30 (m, 5H), 5.15-5.01 (m, 2H), 3.92 (dt, 1H, J = 43.5, 8.4 Hz), 3.48-3.12 (br m, 5H), 2.67-2.56 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.35 (m, 1H), 2.12-2.05 (m, 1H), 1.13 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz)
MS: m/z = 261 [M+H] +
elementary analysis: C 58.4wt % , H 6.4wt % , N 7.9 % wt % (theoretically, C 58.3wt % , H 6.3wt % , N 8.0wt % )

[0147]
Step L. Preparation of SR-MDPZ (Compound [16])
[Chem. 17]
To SR-MDOZ-OX [15] (12.0 g, 34.2 mmol) were added ethanol (36 mL), water (72 mL), CPPY [20] (5.36 g, 34.9 mmol), and then K 3PO 4 (21.8 g, 103 mmol) under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 5 hours, and then cooled to 40°C. Toluene (120 mL) was added thereto at 40°C, and the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with 20 % aqueous potassium carbonate (48 mL), followed by washing twice with water (48 mL). The solvent of the organic layer was then removed in vacuo. tert-butanol (60 mL) was added to the residue and the tert-butanol solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times. tert-Butanol (36 mL) was added to the concentrated residue to give a solution of SR-MDPZ [16] in tert-butanol (61.1 g, 34.2 mmol in theory). The given tert-butanol solution of SR-MDPZ was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
SR-MDPZ which was prepared by the same process was isolated as a solid from a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-heptane, and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.59 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.41-7.26 (br m, 3H), 7.22-7.08 (br m, 3H), 6.64-6.51 (br m, 1H), 5.07-4.91 (br m, 2H), 4.09-3.67 (br m, 5H), 3.47-3.32 (br m, 1H), 2.67-2.55 (br m, 2H), 2.21-2.15 (br m, 1H), 1.11 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).
MS: m/z = 378 [M+H] +

[0148]
Step M. Preparation of SR-MDOP (Compound [17])
[Chem. 18]
To the solution of SR-MDPZ [16] in tert-butanol (34.2 mmol in theory) were added ammonium formate (10.8 g, 171 mmol), water (60 mL), and 10 % palladium carbon (made by Kawaken Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., M type, 52.6 % water-content, 1.20 g) under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was stirred at 40°C for 13 hours, and then cooled to room temperature, and the resulting precipitate was removed by filtration. The reaction vessel and the residue on the filter were washed with tert-butanol (24 mL), the washings was added to the filtrate, and 8 M aqueous sodium hydroxide (25.7 mL, 205 mmol) and sodium chloride (13.2 g) were added to the filtrate. The reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 2 hours, and then toluene (84 mL) was added thereto at room temperature, and the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with 20 % brine (60 mL), stirred with anhydrous sodium sulfate, and then the sodium sulfate was removed by filtration. The residue on the filter was washed with a mixture of toluene : tert-butanol = 1 : 1 (48 mL), the washings was added to the filtrate, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (60 mL), and the solution was stirred at 50°C for 2 hours, and then the solvent was removed in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (60 mL) again, and the solution was concentrated. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (48 mL), and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, and then at ice temperature for 1 hour. The precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with toluene (24 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give SR-MDOP [17] (7.07 g, 29.1 mmol, yield: 84.8 %).
SR-MDOP which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.57 (br s, 1H), 8.07 (s, 1H), 7.10 (d, 1H, J = 3.2 Hz), 6.58 (d, 1H, J = 3.2 Hz), 3.92-3.59 (br m, 4H), 3.49 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 7.2 Hz), 2.93 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 6.1 Hz), 2.61-2.53 (m, 2H), 2.12-2.01 (br m, 2H), 1.10 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).
MS: m/z = 244 [M+H] +.

[0149]
Step N. Preparation of Compound A mono-ethanolate (Compound [18])
[Chem. 19]
Under nitrogen atmosphere, acetonitrile (60 mL) and triethylamine (416 mg, 4.11 mmol) were added to SR-MDOP [17] (5.00 g, 20.5 mmol), and to the solution was added dropwise a solution of DPCN [21] (3.69 g, 22.6 mmol) in acetonitrile (35 mL) at 45°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with acetonitrile (5.0 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 45°C for 3 hours, and then cooled to room temperature. After 5 % sodium bicarbonate water (25 mL), 10 % brine (25 mL), and ethyl acetate (50 mL) were added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The solvent of the organic layer was removed out in vacuo. Tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) was added to the residue and the tetrahydrofuran solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated three more times. To the concentrated residue was added tetrahydrofuran (50 mL), and water was added the solution to adjust the water content to 5.5 %. The resulting precipitate was removed by filtration. The reaction vessel and the residue on the filter were washed with tetrahydrofuran (15 mL), the washings were added to the filtrate, and the solvent was removed out of the filtrate in vacuo. To the concentrated residue were added ethanol (50 mL) and Compound A crystal (5.1 mg) that was prepared according to the method described in the following Example 15. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, and concentrated in vacuo. To the residue was ethanol (50 mL), and the solution was concentrated again. To the concentrated residue was added ethanol (15 mL), and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The precipitated solid was collected on the filter, and washed with ethanol (20 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give Compound A mono-ethanolate [18] (6.26 g, 17.6 mmol, yield: 85.5 %).
Compound A mono-ethanolate which was prepared by the same process was measured by NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.59 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.11 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 2.3 Hz), 6.58 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 1.8 Hz), 4.34 (t, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz), 4.16 (t, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 4.09-3.92 (m, 3H), 3.84-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.71 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.65 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.58 (dd, 1H, J = 8.2, 5.9 Hz), 3.44 (dq, 2H, J = 6.7, 5.1 Hz), 2.69-2.60 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.13 (br m, 1H), 1.12 (d, 3H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.06 (t, 3H, J = 6.7 Hz).
MS: m/z = 311 [M+H] +

[0150]
Step O. Purification of Compound A (Compound [19])
[Chem. 20]
Compound A mono-ethanolate [18] (4.00 g, 11.2 mmol) and n-butanol (32 mL) were mixed under nitrogen atmosphere, and the mixture was dissolved at 110°C. The mixture was cooled to 85°C, and Compound A crystal (4.0 mg) that was prepared according to the method described herein was added thereto, and the mixture was stirred at 85°C for 2 hours, at 75°C for 1 hour, and then at room temperature for 16 hours. The precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with n-butanol (8.0 mL) and then ethyl acetate (8.0 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give Compound A [19] (3.18 g, 10.2 mmol, yield: 91.3 %).
Compound A which was prepared by the same process was measured by NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.59 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.11 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 2.5 Hz), 6.58 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 1.8 Hz), 4.16 (t, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 4.09-3.93 (m, 3H), 3.84-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.71 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.65 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.58 (dd, 1H, J = 8.2, 5.9 Hz), 2.69-2.59 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.13 (m, 1H), 1.12 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 311 [M+H] +

[0151]
Using Compound A, which was prepared by the same method, the single crystal X-ray analysis was carried out.
(1) Preparation of Single crystal
To 10 mg of Compound A in a LaPha ROBO Vial(R) 2.0 mL wide-mouthed vial was added 0.5 mL of chloroform. The vial was covered with a cap, in which Compound A was completely dissolved. In order to evaporate the solvent slowly, a hole was made on the septum attached in the cap with a needle of a TERUMO(R) syringe, and the vial was still stood at room temperature. The resulting single crystal was used in the structural analysis.
(2) Measuring instrument
Beam line: SPring-8 BL32B2
Detector: Rigaku R-AXIS V diffractometer
(3) Measuring method
The radiant light of 0.71068Å was irradiated to the single crystal to measure X-ray diffraction data.
(4) Assay method
Using the X-ray anomalous scattering effect of the chlorine atom in the resulting Compound A chloroform-solvate, the absolute configuration of Compound A was identified as (3S,4R). Based on the obtained absolute configuration of Compound A, the absolute configurations of each process intermediate were identified.

REFERENCES

1: Nakagawa H, Nemoto O, Yamada H, Nagata T, Ninomiya N. Phase 1 studies to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of JTE-052 (a novel Janus kinase inhibitor) ointment in Japanese healthy volunteers and patients with atopic dermatitis. J Dermatol. 2018 Jun;45(6):701-709. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.14322. Epub 2018 Apr 17. PubMed PMID: 29665062; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6001687.

2: Nakagawa H, Nemoto O, Igarashi A, Nagata T. Efficacy and safety of topical JTE-052, a Janus kinase inhibitor, in Japanese adult patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: a phase II, multicentre, randomized, vehicle-controlled clinical study. Br J Dermatol. 2018 Feb;178(2):424-432. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16014. Epub 2018 Jan 15. PubMed PMID: 28960254.

3: Tanimoto A, Shinozaki Y, Yamamoto Y, Katsuda Y, Taniai-Riya E, Toyoda K, Kakimoto K, Kimoto Y, Amano W, Konishi N, Hayashi M. A novel JAK inhibitor JTE-052 reduces skin inflammation and ameliorates chronic dermatitis in rodent models: Comparison with conventional therapeutic agents. Exp Dermatol. 2018 Jan;27(1):22-29. doi: 10.1111/exd.13370. Epub 2017 Jul 3. PubMed PMID: 28423239.

4: Nomura T, Kabashima K. Advances in atopic dermatitis in 2015. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Dec;138(6):1548-1555. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.10.004. Review. PubMed PMID: 27931536.

5: Amano W, Nakajima S, Yamamoto Y, Tanimoto A, Matsushita M, Miyachi Y, Kabashima K. JAK inhibitor JTE-052 regulates contact hypersensitivity by downmodulating T cell activation and differentiation. J Dermatol Sci. 2016 Dec;84(3):258-265. doi: 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2016.09.007. Epub 2016 Sep 13. PubMed PMID: 27665390.

6: Tanimoto A, Shinozaki Y, Nozawa K, Kimoto Y, Amano W, Matsuo A, Yamaguchi T, Matsushita M. Improvement of spontaneous locomotor activity with JAK inhibition by JTE-052 in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2015 Nov 6;16:339. doi: 10.1186/s12891-015-0802-0. PubMed PMID: 26546348; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4636776.

7: Amano W, Nakajima S, Kunugi H, Numata Y, Kitoh A, Egawa G, Dainichi T, Honda T, Otsuka A, Kimoto Y, Yamamoto Y, Tanimoto A, Matsushita M, Miyachi Y, Kabashima K. The Janus kinase inhibitor JTE-052 improves skin barrier function through suppressing signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Sep;136(3):667-677.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2015.03.051. Epub 2015 Jun 24. PubMed PMID: 26115905.

8: Tanimoto A, Ogawa Y, Oki C, Kimoto Y, Nozawa K, Amano W, Noji S, Shiozaki M, Matsuo A, Shinozaki Y, Matsushita M. Pharmacological properties of JTE-052: a novel potent JAK inhibitor that suppresses various inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo. Inflamm Res. 2015 Jan;64(1):41-51. doi: 10.1007/s00011-014-0782-9. Epub 2014 Nov 12. PubMed PMID: 25387665; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4286029.

/////////Delgocitinib, デルゴシチニブ   , JAPAN 2020, 2020 APPROVALS, Corectim, UNII-9L0Q8KK220, JTE-052, 9L0Q8KK220, LEO 124249ALEO 124249HY-109053CS-0031558D11046GTPL9619JTE-052AJTE052, LP-0133 , ROH-201, atopic dermatitis

CC1CN(C12CCN(C2)C3=NC=NC4=C3C=CN4)C(=O)CC#N


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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