New Drug Approvals

Home » Phase2 drugs » Cabotegravir, GSK 744 IN PHASE 2 FOR HIV INFECTION

Cabotegravir, GSK 744 IN PHASE 2 FOR HIV INFECTION

Advertisements
DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO .....FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE

ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

Categories

Recent Posts

Blog Stats

  • 2,617,956 hits

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,416 other followers

add to any

Share
Advertisements

GSK744.svg

Cabotegravir, GSK 744,

(3S,11aR)-N-(2,4-Difluorobenzyl)-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7,11,11a-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide

3S, 1 1 aR)- N-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-2,3,5,7, 1 1 , 1 1 a-hexahydro-6-hydroxy-3- methyl-5,7- dioxo-oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide

OTHER ISOMER

(3R,11 aS)-N-[(2,4-Diflυorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7, 11, 11a-hexahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide

VIIV HEALTHCARE …INNOVATOR

  • GSK1265744, CAS 1051375-10-0, S-265744 LAP
  • C19-H17-F2-N3-O5
  • 405.3553

2D chemical structure of 1051375-10-0

GSK744 (also known as S/GSK1265744) is an investigational new drug under development for the treatment of HIV infection. It is anintegrase inhibitor, with a carbamoyl pyridone structure similar to dolutegravir. In investigational studies, the agent has been packaged into nanoparticles (GSK744LAP) conferring an exceptionally long half-life of 21–50 days following a single dose. In theory, this would make possible suppression of HIV with dosing as infrequently as once every three months.[1]

S-265744 LAP is in phase II clinical development at Shionogi-GlaxoSmithKline for the treatment of HIV infection. Phase III clinical trials had been ongoing for this indication; however, no recent development has been reported for this study.

The human immunodeficiency virus (“HIV”) is the causative agent for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (“AIDS”), a disease characterized by the destruction of the immune system, particularly of CD4+ T-cells, with attendant susceptibility to opportunistic infections, and its precursor Al DS-related complex (“ARC”), a syndrome characterized by symptoms such as persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, fever and weight loss. HIV is a retrovirus; the conversion of its RNA to DNA is accomplished through the action of the enzyme reverse transcriptase. Compounds that inhibit the function of reverse transcriptase inhibit replication of HIV in infected cells. Such compounds are useful in the prevention or treatment of HIV infection in humans.

A required step in HIV replication in human T-cells is the insertion by virally-encoded integrase of proviral DNA into the host cell genome. Integration is believed to be mediated by integrase in a process involving assembly of a stable nucleoprotein complex with viral DNA sequences, cleavage of two nucleotides from the 3′ termini of the linear proviral DNA and covalent joining of the recessed 3′ OH termini of the proviral DNA at a staggered cut made at the host target site. The repair synthesis of the resultant gap may be accomplished by cellular enzymes. There is continued need to find new therapeutic agents to treat human diseases. HIV integrase is an attractive target for the discovery of new therapeutics due to its important role in viral infections, particularly HIV infections. Integrase inhibitors are disclosed in WO2006/116724.

(3S, 1 1 aR)- N-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-2,3,5,7, 1 1 , 1 1 a-hexahydro-6-hydroxy-3- methyl-5,7- dioxo-oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide, a compound of formula (I), also referred to as compound (I), has proven antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Figure imgf000004_0001

The present invention features pharmaceutical compositions comprising the active ingredient (3S, 1 1 aR)- N-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-2,3,5,7, 1 1 , 1 1 a-hexahydro-6-hydroxy-3- methyl-5,7- dioxo-oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, suitable for administration once monthly or longer.

Methods for the preparation of a compound of formula (I) are described in WO 2006/1 16764, WO2010/01 1814, WO2010/068262, and WO2010/068253

WO 2006116764 

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2006116764A1?cl=en

Figure imgf000058_0001

[Chemical formula 68]  is  UNDESIRED ISOMER………..amcrasto@gmail.com

Figure imgf000122_0001

Example Z-1:

(3R,11 aS)-N-[(2,4-Diflυorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7, 11, 11a

-hexahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide sodium salt.

Figure imgf000130_0002

(3R,11aS)-N-[(2,4-Diflυorophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-6-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2,

3,5,7,11,11a-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide. To a solution of 16a (409 mg, 0.87 mmol) in dichloroethane (20 mL) was added (2R)-2-amino-1-propanol (0,14 mL, 1.74 mmol) and 10 drops of glacial acetic acid.

The resultant solution was heated at reflux for 2 h. Upon cooling, Celite was added

to the mixture and the solvents removed in vacuo and the material was purified via

silica gel chromatography (2% CH3OH/CH2CI2 gradient elution) to give

(3R),11aS)-N-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-6- [(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2,

3,5,7, 1 l , 11a-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazinc-8-carboxamide (396

mg, 92%) as a glass, JH NMR (CDCIo) δ 10.38 (m, 1 H), 8.42 (s, 1 H), 7,54-7,53 (m, 2

H), 7,37-7.24 (m, 4 H), 6.83-6,76 (m, 2 H), 5.40 (d, J = 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.22 (d, J = 10,0

Hz, 1 H), 5.16 (dd, J – 9,6, 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 4,62 (m, 2 H), 4.41 (m, 1 H), 4.33-4.30 (m, 2

H), 3.84 (dd, J= 12.0, 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.63 (dd, J= 8,4, 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 1.37 (d, J= 6.0 Hz,

3 H); ES+ MS: 496 (M+1).

b)

(3R, 11aS)-N-[(2,4-Difluorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7, 11, 1la

-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8vcarboxamide sodium salt. To a

solution of

(37?, 11aS)-N-[(2,4-difluo]-ophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-6- [(phenylmethyl)oxy] -2,

3,5,7,11,11 a-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide (396

mg, 0.80 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (25 mg). Hydrogen was

bubbled through the reaction mixture via a balloon for 2 h. The resultant mixture

was filtered through Celite with methanol and dichloromethanc. The filtrate was

concentrated in vacuo to give

(3R, l] aS)-N-f(2,4-difliιorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7, υ , 11a- hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide as a pink tinted

white solid (278 mg, 86%), 1H NMR (ODCU) δ 11.47 (m, 1 H), 10.29 (m, 1 H), 8,32 (s,

1 H), 7.36 (m, 1 H), 6.82 (m, 2 H), 5.31 (dd, J – 9.6, 3.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.65 (m, 2 H),

4,47-4,38 (m, 3 H), 3.93 (dd, J= 12.0, 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 3,75 (m, 1 H), 1.49 (d, J= 5.6 Hz,

3 H); BS1 MS: 406 (M+ 1). The above material (278 mg, 0,66 mmol) was taken up

m cthanol (10 mL) and treated with 1 Nsodium hydroxide (aq) (0.66 mL, 0.66 mmol).

The resulting suspension was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, Ether was

added and the liquids were collected to provide the sodium salt of the title compound

as a white powder (291 mg, 99%).‘ 1H NMR (OMSO- do) δ 30.68 (m, 1 H), 7,90 (s, 1 H),

7.35 (m, 1 H), 7.20 (m, 1 H), 7,01 (m, 1 H), 5,20 (m, 1 H), 4,58 (m, I H), 4.49 (m, 2 H),

4.22 (m, 2 H), 3 74 (dd, J= 11.2, 10.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.58 (m, 1 H), 1.25 (d, J=- 4.4 Hz, 3 H)

DESIRED ISOMER………… ANY ERROR ………….amcrasto@gmail.com

Example Z-9-

(3£ 11aΛ^N-[(2.4-D-fluoroDhonyl)methyl] -6-hvdroxy-3-methyl-5.7-dioxo-2,3,5.7, n , 11 a

-hexahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazino-8-carboxamide sodium salt.

Figure imgf000144_0001

The title compound was made in two steps using a similar process to that described

in example Z-I. 16a (510 mg, 1.08 mmol) and (2«5)-2-amino-1-propanol (0.17 mL, 2,17 mmol) were reacted in 1,2-dichloroethane (20 mL) with acetic acid to give

(3S, 11aR)-i\A[(2,4-diflιιorophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-5,7-d.ioxo-6-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2,

3,5,7,11,1la-hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyrazine-8-carboxamide (500

mg, 93%). This material was hydrogenated in a second step as described in example

Z- I to give

3S, 11a R)-7N-[(2,4-Diiαuorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-2,3,5,7, 11, 11a-

hexahydro[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1,2-d]pyraziine-8-carboxamide (386 mg, 94%) as a

tinted white solid. Η NMR (CDCL3) δ 11.46 (m, 1 H), 10.28 (m, 1 H), 8.32 (s, 1 H),

7.35 (m, 1 H), 6.80 (m, 2 H), 5.30 (dd, J = 10.0, 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.63 (m, 2 H), 4.48-4.37

(m, 3 H), 3.91 (dd, J = 12.0, 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.73 (m, 1 H), 1.48 (d, J – 6.0 Hz, 3 H);

ES 1 MS: 406 (M+ 1). This material (385 mg, 0.95 mmol) was treated with sodium

hydroxide (0,95 mL, 1.0 M, 0.95 mmol) m ethanol (15 mL) as described in example Z-1

to provide its corresponding sodrum sail (381 mg, 94%) as a white solid. 1H NMR

(DMSO- Λ) δ 10.66 (m, 1 PI), 7.93 (s, 1 H), 7.33 (m, 1 H), 7.20 (m, 1 H), 7.01 (m, 1 H),

5.19 (m, 1 H), 4.59 (m, 1 H), 4 48 (m, 2 H), 4.22 (m, 2 H), 3,75 (m, 1 H), 3.57 (m, 1 H),

1.24 (d, J= 5 6 Hz, 3 H).

…………………..

WO 2010068253 

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2010068253A1?cl=en

Example A

The starting material of Example A is compound 8, which is identical to formula (Ia). Thus, Example A depicts a process in providing an intermediate for the compound of formula 17 below which is isomeric to the compound ZZ-2 at page 237 of WO 2006/116764 to Brian Johns et al.

Figure imgf000030_0001

14

Figure imgf000030_0002
Figure imgf000030_0003

Example Aa After dissolution of mixture of 320 g of compound 8 (1.0 eq.) in 3.20 L of MeOH by heating, the solution was concentrated. To the residue, 1.66 L of MeCN, 5.72 mL of AcOH(0.1 eq.) and 82.6 g of (S)-2-Amino-propan-1-ol(1.1 eq.) were added and the mixture was heated to 70 °C, stirred at 70 0C for 4 h and concentrated. To the residue, 1.67 L of 2-propanol was added and the mixture was concentrated (twice). After cooling of the residue, filtration, washing with 500 mL of cold 2-propanol and drying provided 167 g of compound 14 (52% yield) as a crystal. 1H NMR(300 MHz1 CDCI3) δ 7.61-7.55 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.20 (m, 4H), 6.53 (d, J = 7.2, 1H), 5.46 (d, J = 10.5 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1H), 5.20 (dd, J = 3.9, 9.6 Hz, 1H), 4.46- 4.34 (m, 1H)1 4.31 (dd, J = 6.6, 8.7 Hz, 1H)1 4.14 (dd, J = 3.9, 12.3 Hz1 1H)1 3.79 (dd, J = 9.9, 12.3 Hz1 1 H), 3.62 (dd, J = 6.9, 8.7 Hz1 1 H), 1.38 (d, J = 6.3 Hz1 3H).

Example Ab

To slurry of 156 g of compound 14 (1.0 eq.) in 780 ml_ of NMP was added 93.6 g of NBS(1.1 eq.) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2.5 h. The reaction mixture was added to 3.12 L of H2O. Filtration, washing with 8.0 L of H2O and drying provided 163 g of compound 15 (84% yield) as a crystal.

1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-CT6) δ 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.55-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.25 (m, 3H), 5.34 (dd, J = 3.6, 9.9 Hz, 1H), 5.18 (d, J = 10.8 Hz, 1H), 5.03 (d, J = 10.5 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (dd, J = 3.6, 12.0 Hz, 1H)1 4.40-4.20 (m, 2H), 3.99 (dd, J = 9.9, 11.7 Hz1 1H), 3.64 (dd, J = 5.7, 8.1 Hz1 1 H)1 1.27 (d, J = 6.3 Hz1 3H).

Example Ac

Under carbon mono-oxide atmosphere, a mixture of 163 g of compound 15 (1.0 eq.), 163 mL of /-Pr2NEt(2.5 eq.), 68.4 ml_ of 2,4-difluorobenzylamine(1.5 eq.) and 22.5 g of Pd(PPh3)4(0.05 eq.) in 816 mL of DMSO was stirred at 90 0C for 7 h. After cooling, removal of precipitate, washing with 50 mL of DMSO and addition of 11.3 g of

Pd(PPh3)4(0.025 eq.), the reaction mixture was stirred at 90 0C for 2 h under carbon mono-oxide atmosphere again. After cooling, removal of precipitate and addition of 2.0 L of AcOEt and 2.0 L of H2O1 the organic layer was washed with 1.0 L of 1 N HCIaq. and 1.0 L of H2O (twice) and the aqueous layer was extracted with 1.0 L of AcOEt. The organic layers were combined and concentrated. Silica gel column chromatography of the residue provided 184 g of compound 16 (96% yield) as foam.

1H NMR(300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 10.38 (t, J = 6.3 Hz1 1H)1 8.39 (s, 1H)1 7.75-7.25 (m, 7H), 6.90-6.70 (m, 2H), 5.43 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1H), 5.24 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1H)1 5.19 (dd, J = 3.9, 9.9 Hz, 1H)1 4.63 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.50-4.25 (m, 3H)1 3.86 (dd, J = 9.9, 12.3 Hz, 1H), , 3.66 (dd, J = 6.9, 8.4 Hz1 1 H), 1.39 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 3H).

Example Ad

Under hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of 184 g of compound 16 (1.0 eq.) and 36.8 g of 10%Pd-C in 3.31 L of THF and 0.37 L of MeOH was stirred for 3 h. After filtration of precipitate(Pd-C), washing with THF/MeOH(9/1 ) and addition of 36.8 g of 10% Pd-C, the mixture was stirred for 20 min under hydrogen atmosphere. After filtration of precipitate(Pd-C) and washing with THF/MeOH(9/1), the filtrate was concentrated. After 200 ml_ of AcOEt was added to the residue, filtration afforded crude solid of compound 17. The precipitates were combined and extracted with 4.0 L of CHCl3/MeOH(5/1). After concentration of the CHCI3ZMeOH solution and addition of 250 ml_ of AcOEt to the residue, filtration afforded crude solid of compound 17. The crude solids were combined and dissolved in 8.2 L of MeCN/H2O(9/1 ) by heating. After filtration, the filtrate was concentrated. To the residue, 1.5 L of EtOH was added and the mixture was concentrated (three times). After cooling of the residue, filtration and drying provided 132 g of compound 17 (88% yield) as a crystal. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-cfe) δ 11.47 (brs, 1H), 10.31 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 8.46 (s, 1H), 7.40 (td, J = 8.6, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (ddd, J = 2.6, 9.4, 10.6, 1H), 7.11-7.01 (m, 1H), 5.39 (dd, J = 4.1, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 4.89 (dd, J = 4.2, 12.3 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.40 (dd, J = 6.8, 8.6 Hz, 1H), 4.36-^.22 (m, 1H)1 4.00 (dd, J = 10.2, 12.3 Hz, 1H), 3.67 (dd, J = 6.7, 8.6 Hz, 1H), 1.34 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 3H).

Example Ae

After dissolution of 16.0 g of compound 17 (1.0 eq.) in 2.56 L of EtOH and 0.64 L of H2O by heating, followed by filtration, 39 ml_ of 1N NaOHaq.(1.0 eq.) was added to the solution at 75 0C. The solution was gradually cooled to room temperature. Filtration, washing with 80 ml_ of EtOH and drying provided 13.5 g of compound 18 (80% yield) as a crystal.

1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-cfe) δ 10.73 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (s, 1H), 7.40-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.07-6.98 (m, 1H), 5.21 (dd, J = 3.8, 10.0 Hz, 1H), 4.58 (dd, J = 3.8, 12.1 Hz, 1H), 4.51 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.3CM.20 (m, 2H), 3.75 (dd, J = 10.0, 12.1 Hz, 1H), 3.65-3.55 (m, 1H), 1.27 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 3H).

………………

WO2010011814

http://www.google.st/patents/WO2010011814A1?cl=en&hl=pt-PT

Scheme 1

Figure imgf000016_0001

2a 2b

Scheme 2

Figure imgf000016_0002

Scheme 3

Figure imgf000016_0003

Scheme 4

phosphorylation

Figure imgf000017_0001
Figure imgf000017_0002

Scheme 5

Hydrogenolysis

Figure imgf000017_0003
Figure imgf000017_0004
Figure imgf000017_0005

The following examples are intended for illustratation only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way. Preparation 1 : (3S.11 af?VΛ/-r(2.4-DifluoroDhenvnmethyll-6-hvdroxy-3-methyl-5.7-dioxo- 2,3,5,7, 11 ,11 a-hexahydroM ,31oxazolor3,2-alpyridori ,2-c/1pyrazine-8-carboxamide sodium salt (compound 1 b, scheme 2).

I) MsCI, Et3N

Figure imgf000018_0001

2) DBU

P-1 P-2 P-3

Figure imgf000018_0002

a) Synthesis of 2-methyl-3-[(phenylmethvl)oxvl-4/-/-pvran-4-one (compound P-2). To a slurry of 2000 g of compound P-1(1.0 eq.) in 14.0 L of MeCN were added 2848 g of benzyl bromide(1.05 eq.) and 2630 g of K2CO3(1.2 eq.). The mixture was stirred at 80 0C for 5 h and cooled to 13°C. Precipitate was filtered and washed with 5.0 L of MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated and 3.0 L of THF was added to the residue. The THF solution was concentrated to give 3585 g of crude compound P-2 as oil. Without further purification, compound P-2 was used in the next step. 1H NMR(300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.60 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.4-7.3 (m, 5H), 6.37 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.17 (s, 2H), 2.09 (s, 3H).

b) Synthesis of 2-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)-3-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-4H-pyran-4-one (compound P-3). To 904 g of the crude compound P-2 was added 5.88 L of THF and the solution was cooled to -60 0C. 5.00 L of 1.0 M of Lithium bis(trimethylsilylamide) in THF(1.25 eq.) was added dropwise for 2 h to the solution of compound 2 at -60 0C. Then, a solution of 509 g of benzaldehyde(1.2 eq.) in 800 ml. of THF was added at -60 0C and the reaction mixture was aged at -60 0C for 1 h. The THF solution was poured into a mixture of 1.21 L of conc.HCI, 8.14 L of ice water and 4.52 L of EtOAc at less than 2 0C.

The organic layer was washed with 2.71 L of brine (twice) and the aqueous layer was extracted with 3.98 L of EtOAc. The combined organic layers were concentrated. To the mixture, 1.63 L of toluene was added and concentrated (twice) to provide toluene slurry of compound P-3. Filtration, washing with 0.90 L of cold toluene and drying afforded 955 g of compound P-3 (74% yield from compound P-1 ) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, CDCI3) δ

7.62 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.5-7.2 (m, 10H), 6.38 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.16 (d, J = 11.4 Hz, 1 H), 5.09 (d, J = 11.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.95 (dd, J = 4.8, 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.01 (dd, J = 9.0, 14.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.84 (dd, J = 4.8, 14.1 Hz, 1 H).

c) Synthesis of 2-[(£)-2-phenylethenyl]-3-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-4H-pyran-4-one (compound

P-4). To a solution of 882 g of compound P-3 (1.0 eq.) in 8.82 L of THF were added 416 g of Et3N(1.5 eq.) and 408 g of methanesulfonyl chloride(1.3 eq.) at less than 30 0C. After confirmation of disappearance of compound P-3, 440 ml. of NMP and 1167 g of DBU(2.8 eq.) were added to the reaction mixture at less than 30 0C and the reaction mixture was aged for 30 min. The mixture was neutralized with 1.76 L of 16% sulfuric acid and the organic layer was washed with 1.76 L of 2% Na2S03aq. After concentration of the organic layer, 4.41 L of toluene was added and the mixture was concentrated (tree times). After addition of 4.67 L of hexane, the mixture was cooled with ice bath. Filtration, washing with 1.77 L of hexane and drying provided 780 g of compound P-4 (94% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.69 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.50-7.25 (m, 10H), 7.22 (d, J = 16.2

Hz, 1 H), 7.03 (d, J = 16.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.41 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.27 (s, 2H). d) Synthesis of 4-oxo-3-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-4H-pyran-2-carboxylic acid (compound P-5). To a mixture of 822 g of compound P-4 (1.0 eq.) and 1 1.2 g of RuCI3-nH2O(0.02 eq.) in 2.47 L of MeCN, 2.47 L of EtOAc and 2.47 L of H2O was added 2310 g of NalO4(4.0 eq.) at less than 25 0C. After aging for 1 h, 733 g of NaCIO2(S-O eq.) was added to the mixture at less than 25 0C. After aging for 1 h, precipitate was filtered and washed with 8.22 L of

EtOAc. To the filtrate, 1.64 L of 50% Na2S203aq, 822 ml. of H2O and 630 ml. of coc.HCI were added. The aqueous layer was extracted with 4.11 L of EtOAc and the organic layers were combined and concentrated. To the residue, 4 L of toluene was added and the mixture was concentrated and cooled with ice bath. Filtration, washing with 1 L of toluene and drying provided 372 g of compound P-5 (56% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz,

CDCI3) δ 7.78 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.54-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.26 (m, 3H), 6.48 (d, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.6 (brs, 1 H), 5.31 (s, 2H).

e) Synthesis of 1-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)-4-oxo-3-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-1 ,4-dihydro-2- pyridinecarboxylic acid (compound P-6). A mixture of 509 g of compound P-5 (1.0 eq.) and

407 g of 3-amino-propane-1 ,2-diol(2.5 eq.) in 1.53 L of EtOH was stirred at 65 0C for 1 h and at 80 0C for 6 h. After addition of 18.8 g of 3-Amino-propane-1 ,2-diol(0.1 eq.) in 200 ml. of EtOH, the mixture was stirred at 80 0C for 1 h. After addition of 18.8 g of 3-amino- propane-1 ,2-diol (0.1 eq.) in 200 ml. of EtOH, the mixture was stirred at 80 0C for 30 min. After cooling and addition of 509 ml. of H2O, the mixture was concentrated. To the residue,

2.54 L of H2O and 2.54 L of AcOEt were added. After separation, the aqueous layer was washed with 1.02 L of EtOAc. To the aqueous layer, 2.03 L of 12% sulfuric acid was added at less than 12 0C to give crystal of compound P-6. Filtration, washing with 1.53 L of cold H2O and drying provided 576 g of compound P-6 (83% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-de) δ 7.67 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.5-7.2 (m, 5H), 6.40 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.07

(s, 2H), 4.2-4.0 (m, 1 H), 3.9-3.6 (m, 2H), 3.38 (dd, J = 4.2, 10.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.27 (dd, J = 6.0, 10.8 Hz, 1 H).

f) Synthesis of methyl 1-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)-4-oxo-3-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-1 ,4-dihydro-2- pyridinecarboxylate (compound P-7). To a slurry of 576 g of compound P-6 (1.0 eq.: 5.8% of H2O was contained) in 2.88 L of NMP were added 431 g of NaHCO3(3.0 eq.) and 160 ml. of methyl iodide(1.5 eq.) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. After cooling to 5 0C, 1.71 L of 2N HCI and 1.15 L of 20% NaClaq were added to the mixture at less than 10 0C to give crystal of compound 7. Filtration, washing with 1.73 L of H2O and drying provided 507 g of compound P-7 (89% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO- cfe) δ 7.59 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.40-7.28 (m, 5H), 6.28 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.21 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 5.12 (d, J = 10.8 Hz, 1 H), 5.07 (d, J = 10.8 Hz, 1 H), 4.83 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.97 (dd, J = 2.4, 14.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.70 (dd, J = 9.0, 14.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.65-3.50 (m, 1 H), 3.40-3.28 (m, 1 H), 3.26-3.14 (m, 1 H).

g) Synthesis of methyl 1-(2,2-dihydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-3-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-1 ,4-dihydro-2- pyridinecarboxylate (compound P-8). To a mixture of 507 g of compound P -7 (1.0 eq.) in

5.07 L of MeCN, 5.07 L of H2O and 9.13 g of AcOH(0.1 eq.) was added 390 g of NaIO4(1.2 eq.) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. After addition of 1.52 L of 10% Na2S2OsBq., the mixture was concentrated and cooled to 10 0C. Filtration, washing with H2O and drying provided 386 g of compound P-8 (80% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.62 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.42-7.30 (m, 5H), 6.33 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H),

6.29 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.08 (s, 2H), 4.95-4.85 (m, 1 H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.74 (d, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H).

h) Synthesis of (3S, 11 aR)-3-methyl-6-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2,3, 1 1 ,1 1a- tetrahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-c/]pyrazine-5,7-dione (compound P-9). After dissolution of mixture of 320 g of compound P-8 (1.0 eq.) in 3.20 L of MeOH by heating, the solution was concentrated. To the residue, 1.66 L of MeCN, 5.72 ml. of AcOH(0.1 eq.) and 82.6 g of (S)-2-Amino-propan-1-ol(1.1 eq.) were added and the mixture was heated to 70 0C, stirred at 70 0C for 4 h and concentrated. To the residue, 1.67 L of 2-propanol was added and the mixture was concentrated (twice). After cooling of the residue, filtration, washing with 500 ml. of cold 2-propanol and drying provided 167 g of compound P-9 (52% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.61-7.55 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.20 (m, 4H), 6.53 (d, J = 7.2, 1 H), 5.46 (d, J = 10.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.23 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 5.20 (dd, J = 3.9, 9.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.46-4.34 (m, 1 H), 4.31 (dd, J = 6.6, 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.14 (dd, J = 3.9, 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.79 (dd, J = 9.9, 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.62 (dd, J = 6.9, 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 1.38 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 3H).

i) Synthesis of (3 S, 1 1 aR)-8-bromo-3-methyl-6-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2,3, 11 ,11a- tetrahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-c/]pyrazine-5,7-dione (compound P-10). To slurry of 156 g of compound P-9 (1.0 eq.) in 780 ml. of NMP was added 93.6 g of NBS(1.1 eq.) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2.5 h. The reaction mixture was added to 3.12 L of H2O. Filtration, washing with 8.0 L of H2O and drying provided 163 g of compound P-10 (84% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.55- 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.25 (m, 3H), 5.34 (dd, J = 3.6, 9.9 Hz, 1 H), 5.18 (d, J = 10.8 Hz, 1 H), 5.03 (d, J = 10.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.53 (dd, J = 3.6, 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.40-4.20 (m, 2H), 3.99 (dd, J = 9.9, 1 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.64 (dd, J = 5.7, 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 1.27 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 3H). j) Synthesis of (3S,1 1aS)-Λ/-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo-6- [(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2,3,5,7, 11 ,1 1 a-hexahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-c/]pyrazine-8- carboxamide (compound P-11). Under carbon mono-oxide atmosphere, a mixture of 163 g of compound P-10 (1.0 eq.), 163 mL of /-Pr2NEt(2.5 eq.), 68.4 mL of 2,4- difluorobenzylamine(1.5 eq.) and 22.5 g of Pd(PPh3)4(0.05 eq.) in 816 mL of DMSO was stirred at 90 0C for 7 h. After cooling, removal of precipitate, washing with 50 mL of DMSO and addition of 1 1.3 g of Pd(PPh3)4(0.025 eq.), the reaction mixture was stirred at 90 0C for 2 h under carbon mono-oxide atmosphere again. After cooling, removal of precipitate and addition of 2.0 L of AcOEt and 2.0 L of H2O, the organic layer was washed with 1.0 L of 1 N HCIaq. and 1.0 L of H2O (twice) and the aqueous layer was extracted with 1.0 L of AcOEt.

The organic layers were combined and concentrated. Silica gel column chromatography of the residue provided 184 g of compound P-11 (96% yield) as foam. 1H NMR(300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 10.38 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 1 H), 8.39 (s, 1 H), 7.75-7.25 (m, 7H), 6.90-6.70 (m, 2H), 5.43 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 5.24 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 5.19 (dd, J = 3.9, 9.9 Hz, 1 H), 4.63 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.50-4.25 (m, 3H), 3.86 (dd, J = 9.9, 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.66 (dd, J = 6.9, 8.4 Hz,

1 H), 1.39 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 3H).

k) Synthesis of (3S,1 1aR)-Λ/-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo- 2,3,5,7, 11 ,11 a-hexahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-c/]pyrazine-8-carboxamide (compound 1a). Under hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of 184 g of compound P-11 (1.0 eq.) and 36.8 g of 10%Pd-C in 3.31 L of THF and 0.37 L of MeOH was stirred for 3 h. After filtration of precipitate(Pd-C), washing with THF/MeOH(9/1 ) and addition of 36.8 g of 10% Pd-C, the mixture was stirred for 20 min under hydrogen atmosphere. After filtration of precipitate(Pd-C) and washing with THF/MeOH(9/1 ), the filtrate was concentrated. After 200 mL of AcOEt was added to the residue, filtration afforded crude solid of compound 1 a.

The precipitates were combined and extracted with 4.0 L of CHCI3/Me0H(5/1 ). After concentration of the CHCI3/MeOH solution and addition of 250 mL of AcOEt to the residue, filtration afforded crude solid of compound 1a. The crude solids were combined and dissolved in 8.2 L of MeCN/H2O(9/1 ) by heating. After filtration, the filtrate was concentrated. To the residue, 1.5 L of EtOH was added and the mixture was concentrated

(three times). After cooling of the residue, filtration and drying provided 132 g of compound 1a (88% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.47 (brs, 1 H), 10.31 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 8.46 (s, 1 H), 7.40 (td, J = 8.6, 6.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.24 (ddd, J = 2.6, 9.4, 10.6, 1 H), 7.11- 7.01 (m, 1 H), 5.39 (dd, J = 4.1 , 10.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.89 (dd, J = 4.2, 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.55 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.40 (dd, J = 6.8, 8.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.36-4.22 (m, 1 H), 4.00 (dd, J = 10.2, 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.67 (dd, J = 6.7, 8.6 Hz, 1 H), 1.34 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 3H).

I) Synthesis of (3S,1 1aR)-Λ/-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-3-methyl-5,7-dioxo- 2,3,5,7, 11 ,11 a-hexahydro[1 ,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrido[1 ,2-c/]pyrazine-8-carboxamide sodium salt (compound 1 b). After dissolution of 16.0 g of compound 1a (1.0 eq.) in 2.56 L of EtOH and 0.64 L of H2O by heating, followed by filtration, 39 ml. of 1 N NaOHaq.(1.0 eq.) was added to the solution at 75 0C. The solution was gradually cooled to room temperature. Filtration, washing with 80 ml. of EtOH and drying provided 13.5 g of compound 1b (80% yield) as a solid. 1H NMR(300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.73 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.89 (s, 1 H), 7.40-7.30 (m, 1 H), 7.25-7.16 (m, 1 H), 7.07-6.98 (m, 1 H), 5.21 (dd, J = 3.8, 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.58 (dd, J = 3.8, 12.1 Hz, 1 H), 4.51 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.30-4.20 (m, 2H), 3.75 (dd, J = 10.0, 12.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.65-3.55 (m, 1 H), 1.27 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 3H).

updates

Figure

An Efficient and Highly Diastereoselective Synthesis of GSK1265744, a Potent HIV Integrase Inhibitor

Global API Chemistry, MDR Chemical Science,§Analytical Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline, 709 Swedeland Road, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406, United States
Org. Lett., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/ol503580t
Publication Date (Web): January 23, 2015……..http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ol503580t
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
A novel synthesis of GSK1265744, a potent HIV integrase inhibitor, is described. The synthesis is highlighted by an efficient construction of the densely functionalized pyridinone core as well as a highly diastereoselective formation of the acyl oxazolidine moiety. The latter exploits the target molecule’s ability to chelate to Mg2+, a key feature in the integrase inhibitor’s mechanism of action.

References

  1.  PrEP GSK744 Integrase Administered Monthly Perhaps Quarterly Prevents HIV-Infection in Monkeys. 20th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Atlanta, GA March 3–6, 2013.
  2. http://www.natap.org/2013/CROI/croi_38.htm
Cited Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
WO2006116764A1 * Apr 28, 2006 Nov 2, 2006 Shionogi & Co Polycyclic carbamoylpyridone derivative having hiv integrase inhibitory activity
US6919351 * Oct 9, 2001 Jul 19, 2005 Merck & Co., Inc. Aza-and polyaza-naphthalenyl-carboxamides useful as HIV integrase inhibitors
WO2012018065A1 * Aug 4, 2011 Feb 9, 2012 Shionogi & Co., Ltd. Process for preparing compound having hiv integrase inhibitory activity
WO2012151361A1 May 3, 2012 Nov 8, 2012 Concert Pharmaceuticals Inc. Carbamoylpyridone derivatives
WO2013038407A1 * Sep 2, 2012 Mar 21, 2013 Mapi Pharma Ltd. Amorphous form of dolutegravir
US8552187 Dec 9, 2009 Oct 8, 2013 Shionogi & Co., Ltd. Processes and intermediates for carbamoylpyridone HIV integrase inhibitors
US8580967 Jul 23, 2009 Nov 12, 2013 Shionogi & Co., Ltd. Methyl 3-(benzyloxy)-1-(2,2-dihydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropyridine-2-carboxylate and processes for the preparation thereof
US8624023 Dec 8, 2009 Jan 7, 2014 Shionogi & Co., Ltd. Synthesis of carbamoylpyridone HIV integrase inhibitors and intermediates
Advertisements

1 Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

DR ANTHONY CRASTO

Follow New Drug Approvals on WordPress.com

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,416 other followers

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

Personal Links

View Full Profile →

TWITTER

Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

bloglovin

Follow my blog with Bloglovin The title of your home page You could put your verification ID in a comment Or, in its own meta tag Or, as one of your keywords Your content is here. The verification ID will NOT be detected if you put it here.
%d bloggers like this: