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TOSEDOSTAT ….An aminopeptidase inhibitor with antineoplastic activity.

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TOSEDOSTAT

An aminopeptidase inhibitor with antineoplastic activity.

  • CHR 2797
  • CHR-2797
  • Tosedostat
  • UNII-KZK563J2UW
  • BB-76163Vernalis (Originator)
CAS No. 238750-77-1
Chemical Name: Tosedostat
Synonyms: BB-76163;Chr-2797;tosedostat;CHR2797 (Tosedostat);Tosedostat (CHR2797);α-[[(2R)-2-[(1S)-1-Hydroxy-2-(hydroxyamino)-2-oxoethyl]-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl]amino]-benzeneaceticacidcyclopentlyester;alpha-[[(2R)-2-[(1S)-1-Hydroxy-2-(hydroxyamino)-2-oxoethyl]-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl]amino]benzeneacetic acid cyclopentyl ester;Benzeneacetic acid, alpha-(((2R)-2-((1S)-1-hydroxy-2-(hydroxyamino)-2-oxoethyl)-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl)amino)-, cyclopentyl ester, (alphas)-
Molecular Formula: C21H30N2O6
Formula Weight: 406.47

CHR-2797 is an oral, once-daily experimental cancer therapy in phase II clinical development at Chroma Therapeutics for the oral treatment of refractory acute myeloid leukemia in elderly patients. It is also in early clinical development for the treatment of refractory solid tumors alone or in combination with chemotherapy.

No recent development has been reported for phase I/II studies evaluating CHR-2797 as monotherapy in hematologic/blood cancer. A phase I/II clinical trial of the compound in combination with erlotinib for non-small cell lung cancer was terminated in 2010 due to very poor recruitment of patients to the study.

Cell Therapeutics is also conducting phase II clinical trials of the compound for the treatment of myelodysplasia and acute myeloid leukemia.

CHR- 2797 is an inhibitor of aminopeptidases and has demonstrated strong preclinical efficacy as monotherapy in addition to demonstrating strong synergy with a number of leading cancer therapies in a range of cancer cells. It was originally licensed from Vernalis, where it was being evaluated for its potential in treating multiple sclerosis; however development in this indication has been discontinued.

In 2008, orphan drug designation was assigned to CHR-2797 in the U.S. for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. In 2011, the compound was licensed to Cell Therapeutics by Chroma Therapeutics in Central America, North America and South America for exclusive marketing and codevelopment for the oral treatment of blood-related cancers and other cancers.

In corporate news, biopharmaceutical company Cell Therapeutics, Inc. (CTIC) was up more than 6% and near 52 week highs after saying Thursday that the U.S. FDA has removed the partial clinical hold on tosedostat and all studies underway have been allowed to continue. Tosedostat is under development for the treatment of blood-related cancers. It is currently being studied in Phase 2 trials in elderly patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes.

Tosedostat is a proprietary orally bioavailable inhibitor of the M1 family of aminopeptidases with potential antineoplastic activity.

Tosedostat is converted intracellularly into a poorly membrane-permeable active metabolite (CHR-79888) which inhibits the M1 family of aminopeptidases, particularly puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PuSA), and leukotriene A4 (LTA4) hydrolase; inhibition of these aminopeptidases in tumor cells may result in amino acid deprivation, inhibition of protein synthesis due to a decrease in the intracellular free amino acid pool, an increase in the level of the proapoptotic protein Noxa, and cell death.

Noxa is a member of the BH3 (Bcl-2 homology 3)-only subgroup of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 (B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2) protein family

Cell Therapeutics  announced that it has received notification from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that the partial clinical hold on tosedostat (IND 075503) has been removed and all studies underway may continue. Tosedostat is a first-in-class selective inhibitor of aminopeptidases, which are required by tumor cells to provide amino acids necessary for growth and tumor cell survival, and is under development for the treatment of blood-related cancers.

Tosedostat is currently being studied in the United States and European Union in investigator-sponsored and cooperative group-sponsored Phase 2 trials in elderly patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).

“We are pleased that the FDA has responded favorably to the tosedostat clinical trial data provided and removed the partial clinical hold to allow further development of tosedostat in ongoing and future studies,” said John Pagel, MD, PhD, Associate Member, Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; Associate Professor, Medical Oncology Division, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Principal Investigator in the tosedostat first-line AML/MDS trial.

Recently, WO 93/20047 disclosed a class of hydroxamic acid based MMP inhibitors which also are active in inhibiting TNF production.

As mentioned above, MMP inhibitors have been proposed with hydroxamic acid or carboxylic acid zinc binding groups. The following patent publications disclose hydroxamic acid-based MMP inhibitors:

US 4599361 (Searle) EP-A-0236872 (Roche) EP-A-0274453 (Bellon) WO 90/05716 (British Bio-technology) WO 90/05719 (British Bio-technology) WO 91/02716 (British Bio-technology) EP-A-0489577 (Celltech) EP-A-0489579 (Celltech) EP-A-0497192 (Roche) WO 92/13831 (British Bio-technology) WO 92/17460 (SmithKline Beecham) WO 92/22523 – (Research Corporation Technologies) WO 93/09090 (Yamanouchi) WO 93/09097 (Sankyo) WO 93/20047 (British Bio-technology) WO 93/24449 (Celltech) WO 93/24475 (Celltech) EP-A-0574758 (Roche) The following patent publications disclose carboxylic acid-based MMP inhibitors:

EP-A-0489577 (Celltech) EP-A-0489579 (Celltech) WO 93/24449 (Celltech) WO 93/24475 (Celltech)

Usage
CHR-2797 is a novel metalloenzyme inhibitor that is converted into a pharmacological active acid product (CHR-79888) inside cells. CHR-2797 exerts antiproliferative effects against a range of tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo and shows selectivity fo
Biological Activity
Aminopeptidase inhibitor (IC 50 values are 100, 150, 220, > 1000, > 5000, > 10000 and > 30000 nM for LAP, PuSA, aminopeptidase N, aminopeptidase B, PILSAP, LTA 4 hydrolase and MetAP2 respectively). Potently inhibits tumor cell proliferation in a variety of tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo .

TOSEDOSTAT

WO1996033166A1 * 17 Apr 1996 24 Oct 1996 Du Pont Merck Pharma Hydroxamic and carboxylic acids as metalloprotease inhibitors
WO1998011063A1 * 8 Sep 1997 19 Mar 1998 British Biotech Pharm Cytostatic hydroxamic acid derivatives
GB2268934A * Title not available
US5652262 * 14 mar 1994 29 lug 1997 British Biotech Pharmaceutical, Ltd. Hydroxamic acid derivatives as metalloproteinase inhibitors
US5821262 * 4 ott 1994 13 ott 1998 British Biotech Pharmaceuticals Limited Hydroxamic acid derivatives as inhibitors of cytokine production
US5861436 * 29 apr 1997 19 gen 1999 British Biotech Pharmaceuticals Limited Hydroxamic acid derivatives as metalloproteinase inhibitors
EP0423943A2 19 set 1990 24 apr 1991 Beecham Group p.l.c. Use of collagenase inhibitors in the treatment of demyelinating diseases, in particular multiple sclerosis
JPH03157372A Titolo non disponibile
WO1997049674A1 20 giu 1997 31 dic 1997 Francesca Abrate Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors
WO1998011063A1 8 set 1997 19 mar 1998 British Biotech Pharm Cytostatic hydroxamic acid derivatives
WO1999040910A1 27 gen 1999 19 ago 1999 Andrew Paul Ayscough Anti-inflammatory agents
WO1999044602A1 5 mar 1999 10 set 1999 British Biotech Pharm Inflammatory cell inhibitors
WO1999046241A1 12 mar 1998 16 set 1999 British Biotech Pharm Cytostatic agents
WO2000044373A1 * Jan 27, 2000 Aug 3, 2000 Raymond Paul Beckett Antibacterial hydroxamic acid derivatives
US6545051 Jan 27, 2000 Apr 8, 2003 British Biotech Pharmaceuticals, Ltd. Antibacterial hydroxamic acid derivatives

Drugs Fut 2009, 34(2): 115

PLoS One (2013), 8(2), e57641.

WO 1999046241

WO 1995019956

WO 1998011063

US6545051

US 6462023

US 20100260674

WO 2000044373

WO 9940910

NMR

http://file.selleckchem.com/downloads/nmr/S152202-CHR-2797-NMR-Selleck.pdf

Anti-Metastatic and Anti-Invasive Agents Compounds which have the property of inhibiting the action of the metalioproteinase enzymes involved in connective tissue breakdown and remodelling, such as fibroblast collagenase (Type 1 ), PMN-collagenase, 72 kDa-gelatinase, 92 kDa- gelatinase, stromelysin, stromelysin-2 and PUMP-1 (known as “matrix metalloproteinases”, and herein referred to as MMPs) have been proposed and are being tested in the clinic for the treatment of solid tumours. Cancer cells are particularly adept at utilising the MMPs to achieve rapid remodelling of the extracellular matrix, thereby providing space for tumour expansion and permitting metastasis. MMP inhibitors should minimise these processes and thus slow or prevent cancer progression.

In view of the rapid emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria, the development of antibacterial agents with novel modes of action that are effective against the growing number of resistant bacteria, particularly the vancomycin resistant enterococci and β-lactam antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylocccus aureus, is of utmost importance.

The natural antibiotic actinonin (see for example J. C. S Perkin I, 1975, 819) is a hydroxamic acid derivative of Structure (A):

Figure US06545051-20030408-C00002

In ddition to actinonin, various structural analogues of actinonin have also been shown to have antibacterial activity (see for example Broughton et al. (Devlin et al. Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 1 (9):830-841, 1975; Broughton et al. Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 1 (9):857-860, 1975).

The matlystatin group of compounds, share a number of structural similarities with actinonin. Both are peptidic molecules with functional hydroxamic acid metal binding groups (Ogita et al., J. Antibiotics. 45(11):1723-1732; Tanzawa et al., J. Antibiotics. 45(11):1733-1737; Haruyama et al., J. Antibiotics. 47(12):1473-1480; Tamaki et al., J. Antibiotics. 47(12):1481-1492).

………………………………………………………….

US6462023

EXAMPLE 44 2-[2R-(S-Hydroxy-hydroxycarbamoyl-methyl-pentanoylamine]-2-phenyl-ethanoic acid cyclopentyl ester

Figure US06462023-20021008-C00050

The above compound was prepared using procedures similar to those described in example 8 using phenylglycine cyclopentyl ester.

Diastereoisomer A

1H-NMR; δ (MeOD), 7.4-7.29 (5H, m), 5.43 (1H, s), 5.2-5.14 (1H, m), 4.02 (1H, d, J=6.9 Hz), 2.94-2.85 (1H, m), 1.91-1.34 (10H, bm), 1.25-1.14 (1H, m) and 0.86 (6H, dd, J=6.5, 11 5 Hz).

13C-NMR; δ (MeOD), 175.6, 171.8, 171.4, 137.8, 129.8, 129.4, 128.6, 80.0, 73.2, 58.5, 49.2, 39.1, 33.3, 33.3, 26.8, 24.5, 24.4, 23.7 and 22.1.

Diastereoisomer B

1H-NMR; 8 (MeOD), 7.33-7.19 (5H, m), 5.3 (1H, s), 5.11-5.06 (1H, m), 3.81 (1H, d, J=7.3 Hz), 2.83-2.74 (lH, m), 1.83-1.45 (10H, bm), 1.12-1.03 (lH, m) and 0.88-0.81 (6H, dd, J=6.4, 12.3 Hz). 13C-NMR; δ (MeOD), 175.8, 171.8, 171.5, 137.3, 129.8, 129.5, 128.8, 79.9, 73.3, 58.7, 48.9, 39.2, 33.3, 33.3, 26.7, 24.5, 24.5, 24.0 and 22.2

WO1999046241A1

Example 1

2-[2R-(S-Hydroxy-hydroxycarbamoyl-methyl)-4-methyl-pentanoylamine]-2-phenyl- ethanoic acid cyclopentyl ester

Figure imgf000015_0002

HO Ξ CONHOH

Prepared using procedures similar to those described in Preparative Example A using phenylglycine cyclopentyl ester.

Diastereoisomer A

Η-NMR; δ (MeOD), 7.4-7.29 (5H, m), 5.43 (1 H, s), 5.2-5.14 (1 H, m), 4.02 (1 H, d,

J=6.9Hz), 2.94-2.85 (1 H, m), 1.91-1.34 (10H, bm), 1.25-1.14 (1 H, m) and 0.86 (6H, 14 dd, J=6.5, 11.5Hz).

13C-NMR; δ (MeOD), 175.6, 171.8, 171.4, 137.8, 129.8, 129.4, 128.6, 80.0, 73.2,

58.5, 49.2, 39.1 , 33.3, 33.3, 26.8, 24.5, 24.4, 23.7 and 22.1.

Diastereoisomer B

Η-NMR; δ (MeOD), 7.33-7.19 (5H, m), 5.3 (1 H, s), 5.11-5.06 (1 H, m), 3.81 (1 H, d, J=7.3Hz), 2.83-2.74 (1 H, m), 1.83-1.45 (10H, bm), 1.12-1.03 (1 H, m) and 0.88-0.81 (6H, dd, J=6.4, 12.3Hz). 13C-NMR; δ (MeOD), 175.8, 171.8, 171.5, 137.3, 129.8, 129.5, 128.8, 79.9, 73.3, 58.7, 48.9, 39.2, 33.3, 33.3, 26.7, 24.5, 24.5, 24.0 and 22.2.

tosedostat

http://www.google.it/patents/US6545051

Figure US06545051-20030408-C00045

42

WO98/11063              WO99/46241   ex 1b                       WO 98/11063  analogy ex  8

Figure US06545051-20030408-C00046

43

WO98/11063              WO99/46241 ex   1a                       WO 98/11063  analogy  ex   8

……………………………………………………………………

entry 65 in http://www.google.com/patents/WO2000044373A1

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

http://www.google.com/patents/WO1999044602A1

Example 43

2-[2R-(S-Hydroxy-hydroxycarbamoyl-methyl)-4-methyl-pentanoylamine]-2-phenyl- ethanoic acid cyclopentyl ester

TC

Figure imgf000035_0002

HO Ξ CONHOH

Prepared using procedures similar to those described in example 8 of WO 98/11063, using phenylglycine cyclopentyl ester.

Diastereoisomer A

1H-NMR; δ (MeOD), 7.4-7.29 (5H, m), 5.43 (1 H, s), 5.2-5.14 (1 H, m), 4.02 (1 H, d, 34

J=6.9Hz), 2.94-2.85 (1 H, m), 1.91-1.34 (10H, bm), 1.25-1.14 (1 H, m) and 0.86 (6H, dd, J=6.5, 11.5Hz).

13C-NMR; δ (MeOD), 175.6, 171.8, 171.4, 137.8, 129.8, 129.4, 128.6, 80.0, 73.2, 58.5, 49.2, 39.1 , 33.3, 33.3, 26.8, 24.5, 24.4, 23.7 and 22.1.

Diastereoisomer B

1H-NMR; δ (MeOD), 7.33-7.19 (5H, m), 5.3 (1 H, s), 5.11-5.06 (1 H, m), 3.81 (1 H, d,

J=7.3Hz), 2.83-2.74 (1 H, m), 1.83-1.45 (10H, bm), 1.12-1.03 (1 H, m) and

0.88-0.81 (6H, dd, J=6.4, 12.3Hz). 13C-NMR; δ (MeOD), 175.8, 171.8, 171.5, 137.3,

129.8, 129.5, 128.8, 79.9, 73.3, 58.7, 48.9, 39.2, 33.3, 33.3, 26.7, 24.5, 24.5, 24.0 and 22.2.

……………………………..

3R-isobutyl-4S-methoxy-dihydrofuran-2,5-dione (WO 97/02239)

…………………………………………………………………………..

2(S)-Amino(phenyl)ethanoic acid cyclopentyl ester

…………………………………………………………………..

2(R)-[2,2-Dimethyl-5-oxo-1,3-dioxolan-4(S)-yl]-4-methylpentanoic acid pentafluorophenyl ester

…………………………………………………………..

intermediates

238750-91-9

α-​amino-​, cyclopentyl ester Benzeneacetic acid, 

……………….

cas 240489-34-3

2-[2R-(S-Hydroxy-hydroxycarbamoyl-methyl)-4-methyl-pentanoylamine]-2-phenyl- ethanoic acid cyclopentyl ester

Figure imgf000034_0002

…………………..

will be updated very soon… keep watching

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ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO

THANKS AND REGARD’S
DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

GLENMARK SCIENTIST , NAVIMUMBAI, INDIA

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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